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§802 The bloodless surrender of Paris to the Germans (1940): VI-96.

VI-96 (§802):

The grand city abandoned to the soldiers,
A mortal tumult having never been so proximate there,
Oh, what a hideous calamity is approaching,
Save that only one offensive shall not be pardoned there.

(Grande cité à souldartz habandonnee,
Onques ny eust mortel tumult si proche,
O quel hideuse calamité s'approche,
Fors une offence n'y sera pardonnee.)

NOTES: Habandonnee: = Abandonée.

Fors: = « fors que, sauf que.» (Godefroy); « Sauf que, conj. Save that, except that.» (Dubois).

« On the morning of Sunday, 26 May, as British troops pulled back towards Dunkirk under a heavy storm – ‘thunderclaps mingled with the bombing of the artillery’ – the War Cabinet met in London. Lord Halifax raised the possibility that the government should consider approaching the Duce to find out what terms Hitler might be prepared to accept for peace. He had even met the Italian ambassador privately the previous afternoon to sound him out. Halifax was convinced that, with no prospect of assistance from the United States in the near future, Britain was not strong enough to resist Hitler alone. Churchill replied that British liberty and independence were paramount... The main conclusion was that Britain could probably hold out against invasion, providing the RAF and the Royal Navy remained intact. This was the vital point to support Churchill’s argument against Halifax. Churchill went off to Admiralty House to have lunch with Reynaud, who had just flown over to London. It was clear from what Reynaud said that General Weygand’s wildly favourable view of the situation just a couple of days previously had now swung to outright defeatism. The French were already contemplating the loss of Paris. Reynaud even said that, although he would never sign a separate peace, he might be replaced by somebody who would... » (Beevor, 2012, p.108); « In a decision which only increased the confusion, the French government had moved to the Loire Valley, with different ministers and headquarters established in various chateaux. On 11 June, Churchill flew to Briare on the Loire for a meeting with the French leaders. Escorted by a squadron of Hurricanes, he and his team landed at a deserted airfield near by. They were driven to the Château du Muguet, which was the temporary headquarters of General Weygand. Weygand described the catastrophe in the bleakest terms. Churchill, although wearing a heavy black suit on this hot day, did his best to sound genial and enthusiastic in his inimitable mixture of English and French. Not knowing that Weygand had already given orders to abandon Paris to the Germans [The grand city abandoned to the soldiers], he advocated a house-by-house defence of the city and guerrilla warfare. Such ideas horrified Weygand and also Pétain who, emerging from his silence, said: ‘That would be the destruction of the country!’ Their main concern was to preserve enough troops to crush revolutionary disorder. They were obsessed with the idea that the Communists might seize power in an abandoned Paris.» (Beevor, id., p.116-117); « The Germans now swept southwards; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252).


« The Germans wasted little time in launching the next phase of their campaign. On 6 June, they attacked the line of the River Somme and the Aisne, enjoying a considerable superiority in number and air supremacy. There were still over 100,000 British troops south of the Somme, including the 51st Highland Division which was soon cut off at Saint-Valéry with the French 41st Division. Although some French troops were fighting well, many others had started to slink away and join the columns of refugees fleeing towards the south-west of France. Panic spread with rumours of poison gas and German atrocities. Motorcars streamed forth, led by the rich who seemed well prepared. Their head-start enabled them to corner the diminishing petrol supplies along the way. The middle class followed in their more modest vehicles, with mattresses strapped to the roof, the inside filled with their most prized possessions, including a dog or a cat, or a canary in a cage. Poorer families set out on foot, using bicycles, hand-carts, horses and perambulators to carry their effects. With the jams extending for hundreds of kilometres, there were often no slower than those in motorcars, whose engines boiled over in the heat, advancing just a few paces at a time. As these rivers of frightened humanity [
A mortal tumult having never been so proximate there, Oh, what a hideous calamity is approaching], some eight million strong, poured towards the south-west, they soon found that not only petrol was unobtainable, but also food. The sheer numbers of city-dwellers, buying every baguette and grocery available, soon produced a growing resistance to compassion and a resentment of what came to be seen as a plague of locusts. And this was in spite of the numbers who had been wounded by German aircraft strafing and bombing the packed roads. Once again it was the women who bore the brunt of the disaster and who rose to the occasion with self-sacrifice and calm. The men were the ones in tears of despair.» (Beevor, id., p.115-116).

Save that only one offensive shall not be pardoned there: « Paris was an almost deserted city. A huge column of black smoke arose from the Standard Oil refinery, which had been set on fire at the request of the French general staff and the American embassy to deny petrol to the Germans. Franco-American relations were extremely cordial in 1940. The United States ambassador, William Bullitt, was so trusted by the French administration that he was temporarily mayor and asked to negotiate the surrender of the capital to the Germans. After German officers under a flag of truce had been shot at near the Porte-Saint-Denis on the northern edge of Paris, Generaloberst Georg von Küchler, the commander-in-chief of the German Tenth Army, ordered that Paris should be bombarded. Bullitt intervened and managed to save the city from destruction. On 13 June, as the Germans were poised to enter Paris, Churchill flew to Tours for another meeting... » (Beevor, id., p.117);

« The Campaign in the West
5-24 June 1940 2nd phase (‘the battle for France’). After the breakthrough of the ‘Weygand Line’, Paris was occupied without struggle [
only one offensive shall not be pardoned there](14 June). The Germans reached the Atlantic coast (19 June), and by way of the Loire (16 June), the Swiss border (17 June).
10 June 1940 Italy entered the war.
22 June 1940 The armistice was concluded in the forest of Compiègne. France was partitioned into an occupied zone and an unoccupied zone (Vichy France). The French army entered P.O.W. camps, the navy was not surrendered.»
(PenguinAtlas 2, p.199).

Boswell (1941, p.209-210) and Lamont (1944, p.210-211) proposed the theme of the quatrain correctly as the German occupation of Paris in 1940 without fully reasonable explanation of the entire quatrain.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 
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§801 The German troops approaching Paris (1940): III-7.

III-7 (§801):

The fugitives, fire of the sky upon their pikes:
Close combats of the frolicking ravens,
From the earth they are calling for heavenly aid and succour,
When the combatants are approaching the walls.

(Les fuitifs, feu du ciel sus les piques:
Conflit prochain des corbeaux s'esbatans,
De terre on crie aide secour celiques,
Quand pres des murs seront les combatans.)

NOTES: Fuitif: = « adj. and subs., fugitif (fugitive).» (Godefroy).

Conflit prochain: = « Nahkampf (close combat, hand-to-hand fight).» (Centurio, 1953, p.69).

Here is a reasonable solution of the quatrain by Centurio:
« (June 1940)
Fire shall fall upon the weapons of the fugitives,
A close combat of the birds, that are flying up in the sky,
From the earth peoples are crying for helps into the Heaven,
When the combatants shall have arrived near the walls
.
  The German troops approaches Paris in June 1940: Nostradamus des
cribes the aerial combats and predicts the French’s calling for help into the celestial range.» (Centurio, 1953, p.69).

« The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940]. The Dutch, shaken by the bombing of Rotterdam which killed almost a thousand people, surrendered after only four days. Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May... » (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Although ill trained and badly armed, the Dutch troops fought bravely against the 9th Panzer Division fighting its way towards Rotterdam. The German Eighteenth Army commander was frustrated by their resistance, but finally that evening [13 May] the panzers broke through. The next day, the Dutch negotiated the surrender of Rotterdam, but the German commander had failed to inform the Luftwaffe. A major bombing raid was mounted on the city. Over 800 civilians were killed. The Dutch foreign minister claimed that evening that 30,000 had been killed, an announcement which caused horror in Paris and London [From the earth they are calling for heavenly aid and succour] In any case, General Henri Winkelman, the Dutch commander-in-chief, decided on a general surrender to avoid further loss of life. Hitler, on hearing the news, promptly ordered a triumphal march through Amsterdam with units from the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler and the 9th Panzer Division.» (Beevor, 2012, p.92).

« ... Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May left the British and French troops in Belgium perilously exposed as German motorised divisions swept across northern France; only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands. The British navy played the vital role in evacuating over 338,000 troops [The fugitives], two-thirds of them British, from Dunkirk between 27 May and 4 June. Dunkirk was a remarkable achievement in the face of constant Luftwaffe attacks [Close combats of the frolicking ravens] on the beaches; it would perhaps have been impossible if Hitler had not ordered the advance towards Dunkirk to halt (24 May) probably because the marshy terrain and numerous canals were unsuitable for tanks. The events at Dunkirk were important: a third of a million troops were rescued to fight again and Churchill used it for propaganda purposes to boost British morale with the ‘Dunkirk spirit’. In fact it was a serious blow for the Allies: the armies at Dunkirk had lost all their arms and equipment so that it became impossible for Britain to help France. The Germans now swept southwards [When the combatants are approaching the walls]; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Already sensing the ordeals ahead, Winston Churchill, newly elected Prime Minister of Britain, told the House of Commons defiantly, ‘I have nothing to offer you but blood, toil, tears and sweat... You ask, what is our policy? I will say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all of our might and all the strength that God gave us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy. You ask what is our aim? I can answer in one word: It is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of terror, victory however long and hard the road may be...’ But at this moment victory was all for Hitler’s iron columns from the Ardennes. They roared onwards, fanning out behind the French 9th Army, spreading confusion and terror and defeatism. Two more armoured divisions crossed the Meuse and broke through at Dinant. Early in the morning of May 15 Winston Churchill was amazed to receive a telephone call from the French Premier, Paul Reynaud, ‘We are beaten, we have lost the battle.’ The French 9tth Army had in fact completely disintegrated. A vast mass of enemy armour was pouring through a gap 50 miles wide. The foremost Panzers were already 100 miles deep into France. Over wide areas before and around them terrified refugees were fleeing [From the earth they are calling for heavenly aid and succour], choking the roads vital for the movement of Allied troops.» (Maule, 1972, p.12-15).

« ... for more than two weeks Dunkirk had been subjected to an escalating fury of bombing. The docks were wrecked, the quays had been pounded to rubble, and more than half the town lay in smouldering ruins... On May 27, the vulture flock of Stukas [the frolicking ravens] wheeled and plunged upon the port and beaches for nearly the whole day. The smoking air was rent by explosions and the roar of flames. Goering’s Stukas, Heinkels and Dorniers dropped 15,000 high-explosive bombs, mostly 500-pounders, and 30,000 incendiaries. Over a thousand civilians lay beneath the ruins.» (Maule, 1972, p.24-25); « Dunkirk 26 May-3 June 1940 ... In the skies, the Luftwaffe and RAF [Royal Air Force] were engaged in a desperate battle [Close combats of the frolicking ravens] and both sides suffered heavy casualties, while at sea the evacuation vessels faced the gauntlet of German bombers and E-boats as they tried to approach Dunkirk.» (Grant, 2011, p.811).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§800 Birth of Hitler in Austria; Early successes of his expansionism (1889-1941): III-58.

 III-58 (§800):

Near the Rhine of the Austrian mountains
Shall be born a great of the people having come too late,
Who shall defend Sarmatia and Pannonian districts,
So that none shall know what he shall have become.

(Aupres du Rin des montaignes Noriques
Naistra un grand de gents trop tart[tard] venu,
Qui defendra
SAVROME & Pannoniques,
Qu'on ne saura qu'il sera devenu.)

NOTES: Les montaignes Noriques: = the Austrian Alps; « NORIQUE (in Latin Noricum). A province of the Roman empire, between Raetia west and Pannonia east, the Danube north and Illyria south. Noricum forms now [in 1875] a part of Bayern, of Austria and of Styria. – the Norique Alps, a part of the chain of the Alps which extends south of Noricum.» (Landais); « NORIQUE, A province of the Roman empire. It extended from the mouth of the Œnus [the Inn] till Mt. Cetius [Kahlenberg or Wienerwald].» (Bescherelle); « KAHLENBERG or WIENERWALD, Mt. Cetius of the ancient, a mountain of the Austrian States, Austria beneath the Ens [Anisus]. It is the extreme ramification north-east of the Norique Alps, that orients itself, in the direction of the north, till the bank of the Danube where it terminates itself.» (Bescherelle).

Le Rin (the Rhine): The orthography of the Rhine in the Prophecies of Nostradamus is Ryn (V-12, V-43, VI-40 and VI-87) or Rin (III-58 and V-68). But, « at first view, it seems strange to say that the Rhine is in the “mountains of Austria”, which is, with respect to this river, just on the opposite side of Germany. But in fact ‘Rin (the Rhine)’ is composed of R. and IN and will signify “the River INN” that in truth traverses “Noricum” and upon which is situated the town of Braunau, where Hitler shall be born. On the other hand, one can take the word Rin in its etymological sense, that will signify “river” and in this way we are shown the river that passes the “Austrian mountains”, which is not but the Inn.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.492); « Rhine. The river takes its name from the Rheni, the people who lived along its banks. Their own name may derive from Gaulish ren, “water”, “sea”, or in this case really “river”.» (Room, 1997, p.301); « INN (Œnus), a river of Germany which takes its source in Mt. Lungin, in the Julian Alps, and in the canton of Grisons, in Switzerland, traverses Tyrol, then a part of Bayern, where it forms, until Passau, the limit between Bayern and Austria, and joins the Danube, near Passau.» (MacCarthy); « ENS Anisus), a river of Austria, which starts from a lake in the region of Salzburg, near a small town of Waczrain, and joins the Danube. It divides Austria into the territories above and beneath the Ens.» (MacCarthy).

Shall be born a great of the people
: « The expression “grand de gents (a great of the people)” is remarkable, for it is equivalent to the German expression “Grosser des Volkes (the great of the nation)”, a surname given to Hitler by his partisans and which will underline also his common birth.» (Ionescu, id.).

Having come too late: Hitler in the Weimar regime after the defeat of Germany in WWI came into power too late to enjoy his desirable world-hegemonic Great Germany so that he was to risk his life and his whole nation to realize it in vain faced with the « Anglo-American Grand Alliance.» (Cf. Ionescu, id.; Hart, 1971, p.680); « On 5 April 1940, four days before the Nazi invasion of Norway began the European phase of the war in earnest, Goebbels gave a secret briefing to selected German journalists, one of whom made a transcript. The key passage is as follows:

 
Up to now, we have succeeded in leaving the enemy in the dark concerning Germany’s real goals, just as before 1932 our domestic foes never saw where we were going or that our oath of legality was just a trick. We wanted to come to power legally, but we did not want to use power legally... They could have suppressed us. They could have arrested a couple of us in 1925 and that would have been that, the end. No, they let us through the danger zone. That’s exactly how it was in foreign policy too... In 1933 a French premier ought to have said (and if I have been the French premier I would have said it): ‘The new Reich Chancellor is the man who wrote Mein Kampf, which says this and that. This man cannot be tolerated in our vicinity. Either he disappears or we march!’ But they didn’t do it. They left us alone and let us slip through the risky zone, and we were able to sail around all dangerous reefs. And when we were done, and well armed, better than they, then they started the war!’

  This remarkable statement is, on the whole, an accurate summary of what happened in the 1930s. It was adumbrated by Hitler’s secret briefing of his Service chiefs on 3 February 1933, his first meeting with them after his assumption of supreme power. He told them he was going to overthrow the Versailles settlement and make Germany the greatest power in Europe, and he emphasized: ‘The most dangerous period is that of rearmament. Then we shall see whether France has statesmen. If she does, she will not grant us time but will jump on us.’ Everyone knew Hitler’s aims were ambitious. The German masses believed they could and would be attained without war, by assertive diplomacy, backed by armed strength. The generals were told that war would almost certainly be necessary, but that it would be limited and short. In fact Hitler’s real programme was far more extensive than the generals, let alone the masses, realized and necessarily involved not merely war but a series of war. Hitler meant what he said when he wrote Mein Kampf: ‘Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany.’ Hitler’s aims can be reconstructed not merely from Mein Kampf itself, with its stress on the ‘East Policy’, but from his early speeches and the so-called ‘Second’ or Secret Book of 1928. This material makes it clear that the ‘cleansing’ process – the elimination of the Jews – was essential to the whole long-term strategy. Being a race-socialist as opposed to a class-socialist, Hitler believed the dynamic of history was race. The dynamic was interrupted when race-poisoning took place. The poison came, above all, from the Jews. He admired Jews as ‘negative supermen’. In his Table-Talk he said that if 5,000 Jews emigrated to Sweden, in no time at all they would occupy all the key positions: this was because ‘blood purity’, as he put it in Mein Kampf, ‘is a thing the Jew preserves better than any other people on earth’. The Germans, on the other hand, had been ‘poisoned’. That was why they lost the First World War. Even he was poisoned: that was why he occasionally made mistakes – ‘all of us suffer from the sickness of mixed, corrupt blood’. Hitler calculated it would need a hundred years for his regime to eliminate racial poisoning in Germany: on the other hand, if Germany became the first nation-race to do so successfully, it would inevitably become ‘lord of the Earth’ (Mein Kampf).» (Johnson, 1991, p.341-343).

« What distinguished Hitlerian race-theory was, first, this rooted belief that ‘cleansing’ could make Germany the first true superpower, and ultimately the first paramount power in the world; and, secondly, his absolute conviction that ‘Jewish race-poison’ and Bolshevism were one and the same phenomenon... Hitler’s full programme, therefore, was as follows. First, gain control of Germany itself, and begin the cleansing process at home. Second, destroy the Versailles settlement and establish Germany as the dominant power in Central Europe. All this could be achieved without war. Third, on this power base, destroy the Soviet Union (by war) to rid the ‘breeding-ground’ of the ‘bacillus’ and, by colonization, create a solid economic and strategic power-base from which to establish a continental empire, in which France and Italy would be mere satellites. In the fourth stage Germany would acquire a large colonial empire in Africa, plus a big ocean navy, to make her one of the four superpowers, in addition to Britain, Japan and the United States. Finally, in the generation after his death, Hitler envisaged a decisive struggle between Germany and the United States for world domination. No one since Napoleon had thought in such audacious terms. In its gigantic scope the concept was Alexandrine. Yet until he was engulfed by the war he made, Hitler was always pragmatic. Like Lenin he was a superb opportunist, always ready to seize openings and modify his theory accordingly. This has led some historians to conclude he had no master-programme. In fact, while always adjusting the tactics to suit the moment, he pursued his long term strategy with a brutal determination which has seldom been equalled in the history of human ambition. Unlike most tyrants, he was never tempted to relax by a surfeit of autocratic power. Quite the contrary. He was always raising the stakes on the table and seeking to hasten the pace of history. He feared his revolution would lose its dynamism...» (Johnson, id., p.343-344).

SAVROME: = « Sauromatae, See Sarmatae.» (Smith-Lockwood); « Sarmatae, pl. the Sarmatians; a barbarous people, who occupied the eastern parts of Europe; esp. portions of S.E. Russia; Sarmatia, their country.» (Smith-Lockwood); « SARMATIE (Sarmatia), A vast region which extended, in Europe and in Asia, between the Baltic Sea and the Caspian Sea, north of the Black Sea. It was divided into Occidental or European Sarmatia and Oriental or Asiatic Sarmatia. The first contained the countries now called Russia of Europe and Poland; the second included a part of the countries designated under the names of Siberia and Tartary and those situated between the Tanaïs [the Don], the Caucassus and the Caspian Sea.» (Landais).

Pannonia: = « PANNONIE (Pannonia), A region of Europe, bordered north and east by the Danube, and west by Noricum, from which Mt. Cétius [Kahlenberg or Wienerwald] separated it. The Romans divided it into High-Pannonia to the west, Low-Pannonia to the east, and Ripuary Pannonia or Savia upon the oriental bank of the Save.» (Landais); « PANNONIE (Pannonia), A region of ancient Europe. It corresponds to a part of Low-Austria [Austria beneath the Ens], to a part of Hungary, to a part of Slavonia, and to a part of Austrian Croatia. Different nations inhabited it. Their principal cities were Vindobona [Vienna], Carnuntum, ... » (Bescherelle). Cf. Duby, p.25, Chart B. In the context of the quatrain, the term « Pannoniques (Pannonian districts) » seems to involve, in addition to Austria, Czechoslovakia immediately north of Austria. In fact, the term « les Pannons (the Pannonians)» of the quatrain VIII-15 (§901) designates the peoples of Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

Who shall defend Pannonian districts: « Hitler’s first successful breach of Versailles came in March 1935 when he announced the reintroduction of conscription. His excuse was that Britain had just announced air force increases and France had extended conscription from 12 to 18 months (their justification was German rearmament). Much to their consternation, Hitler told his startled generals and the rest of the world that he would build up his peacetime army to 36 divisions (about 600,000 men). The generals need not have worried: although the Stresa Front condemned his violation of Versailles, no action was taken, the League was helpless, and the Front collapsed anyway as a result of Hitler’s next success.» (Lowe, 1988, p.231); « Stresa Conferences. There were two conferences held at Stresa in 1930s... The second conference was in April 1935 and was between the Prime Ministers of Britain, France and Italy (MacDonald, Flandin and Mussolini) and their Foreign Secretaries to discuss the formation of a common front against Germany in view of Hitler’s denunciation of the clauses in the Versailles Treaty limiting Germany’s armaments. The conference, which issued a formal protest, was the last demonstration of unity by three former Allies against the former enemy. Within six months Mussolini’s invasion of Abyssinia had ranged him with the delinquent Hitler, and the so-called ‘Stresa Front’ had disintegrated.» (Palmer, p.269-270).

« Shrewdly realising how frail the Stresa Front was, Hitler detached Britain by offering to limit the German navy to 35 per cent of the strength of the British navy. Britain eagerly accepted in the resulting Anglo-German Naval Agreement (June 1935) apparently believing that since the Germans were already breaking Versailles by building a fleet, it would be as well to have it limited. Without consulting her two allies, Britain had condoned German rearmament, which proceeded with gathering momentum. By the end of 1938 the army stood at 51 divisions (about 800,000 men) plus reserves, there were 21 large naval vessels (battleships, cruisers and destroyers), many more under construction, and 47 U-boats. A large air force of over 2000 aircraft had been built up.» (Lowe, 1988, p.231).

« The Anschluss [union] with Austria (March 1938) was Hitler’s greatest success to date. German troops moved in and Austria became part of the Third Reich. It was a triumph for Germany: it revealed the weaknesses of Britain and France who again did no more than protest, and it dealt a severe blow to Czechoslovakia which could now be attacked from the south as well as from the west and north. All was ready for the beginning of Hitler’s campaign to acquire the German-speaking Sudetenland, a campaign which ended in triumph at the Munich Conference in September 1938.» (Lowe, id., p.232); « Czechoslovakia was crippled by the loss of 70 per cent of her heavy industry and almost all her fortifications to Germany. Slovakia began to demand semi-independence, and when it looked as though the country was about to fall apart, Hitler pressurised President Hacha into requesting German help ‘to restore order’. Consequently in March 1939 German troops occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia. Britain and France protested but took no action.» (Lowe, id., p.237).

Who shall defend Sarmatia: Here the term Sarmatia seems to allude to the first German acquisitions and occupations in the East such as Poland, Danzig, Memel, Denmark, Norway and the western districts of Russia: « After taking over the Lithuanian port of Memel (which was admittedly peopled largely by Germans), Hitler turned his attentions to Poland. The Germans resented the loss of Danzig and the Polish Corridor at Versailles, and now that Czechoslovakia was safely out of the way, Polish neutrality was no longer necessary. In April 1939 Hitler demanded the return of Danzig and a road and railway across the corridor. This demand was, in fact, not unreasonable since Danzig was largely German-speaking; but coming so soon after the seizure of Czechoslovakia, the Poles were convinced, probably rightly, that the German demands were only a prelude to invasion. Already fortified by a British promise of help ‘in the event of any action which clearly threatened Polish independence’, the Foreign Minister, Colonel Beck, rejected the German demands and refused to attend a conference, no doubt afraid of another Munich. British pressure on the Poles to surrender Danzig was to no avail, and the British were so slow in pursuing negotiations for an alliance with Russia, the only way in which their promise of help to Poland could be made effective, that Hitler got in first and signed a non-aggression pact with the USSR. Also agreed was a partition of Poland between Germany and the USSR (24 August). Hitler was convinced that with Russia neutral, Britain and France would not risk intervention; when the British ratified their guarantee to Poland Hitler took it as a bluff. When the Poles still refused to negotiate, a full-scale German invasion began early on 1 September. Chamberlain had still not completely thrown off appeasement and suggested that if German troops were withdrawn, a conference would be held – there was no response from the Germans. Only when pressure mounted in parliament and in the country did Chamberlain send an ultimatum to Germany. When this expired at 11 a.m. on 3 September, Britain was at war with Germany. Soon afterwards, France also declared war.» (Lowe, id., p.237-238); « By the end of September [1939] the Germans and Russians had occupied Poland; after a five months pause (known as the ‘phoney war’) the Germans occupied Denmark and Norway (April 1940).» (Lowe, id., p.249-250); « The German invasion of Russia (Operation Barbarossa) began on 22 June 1941: The attack was three-plonged: in the north towards Leningrad, in the centre towards Moscow and in the south through the Ukraine. It was Blitzkrieg on an enormous scale involving close on 3.5 million men, and 3550 tanks supported by 5000 aircraft. Important cities such as Riga, Smolensk and Kiev were captured; the Russians had been caught off guard, still re-equipping their army and air force, and their generals, thanks to Stalin’s purges, were inexperienced.» (Lowe, id., p.254-255).

So that none shall know what he shall have become
: This is a fearful astonishment of the peoples of the Allies at Hitler’s remarkable military successes in the beginning. The interpretation of this verse by Ionescu as « His death – for he shall be immediately incinerated by his closest followers – shall give birth to the most diverse suppositions.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.493) is not pertinent, the theme of Hitler’s death in the utmost end being too early in the context of the quatrain.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§799 German surprise attacks on Benelux (1940-1945): X-83.

X-83 (§799):

“No sign of battle will be given
They will be obliged to leave the park
Around Ghent, the banner will be recognised
Of one who put all his own men to death.”
(Halley, 1999, p.155).

(De batailler ne sera donné signe,
Du parc seront contraint de sortir hors,
De Gand lentour sera cogneu l'ensigne,
Qui fera mettre de tous les siens à mors.)

NOTES: « 10/83 – 1940 A reference to the fall of Belgium in 1940, under the Flag of the Nazi invaders. The Swastika is for ever associated with Adolf Hitler, who was responsible for the death of millions of his fellow countrymen.» (Halley, id.). Halley’s translation and interpretation are almost precise except a few points.

De Gand lentour: = À l’entour (= Alentour) de Gand, ‘ lentour de ’ (another example in the quatrain VIII-50: la pestilence lentour de Capadille) being without preposition ‘ à ’ as a succinct usage of the idiomatic expression ‘à l’entour (= alentour) de’ (e.g. V-30 and IX-67).

No sign of battle will be given... Around Ghent, the banner will be recognised: This refers to the German surprise attacks without declaration of war on neutral Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg on May 10th, 1940, because the phrase “around Ghent” can indicate not only Belgium but also these three tiny neutral countries and the authorities of each of them went abroad into exile in fact under the German invasion, the French word ‘parc’ signifying a small country like them as well as the Vatican City designated as ‘le parc (the park)’ in the quatrain II-65 (§486); « Thursday, 9 May 1940 was a beautiful spring day in most of northern Europe. A war correspondent observed Belgian soldiers planting pansies round their barracks. There had been rumours of a German attack, with reports of pontoon bridges being assembled close to the border, but these were discounted in Brussels. Many seemed to think that Hitler was about to attack south into the Balkans, nor westwards. In any case, few imagined that he would invade four countries, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg and France – all in one go.» (Beevor, 2012, p.79);

They will be obliged to leave the park: « In Britain, the disastrous campaign in Norway destroyed confidence in the Chamberlain government. On 10 May [1940], Winston Churchill became prime minister at the head of a broad coalition. On the same day, German forces invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. After Rotterdam was heavily bombed, the Dutch forces surrendered to avoid further destruction. Dutch Queen Wilhelmina defiantly set up a government-in-exile in London.» (
DKHistory, p.390);« ... after eighteen days of resistance King Leopold III ordered the Belgian Army to capitulate, thereby putting the British and French troops that had gone to Belgium’s assistance in a desperate position. While the King remained a prisoner of war, the Government [of Pierlot] in exile [in London] continued to fight with the Allies. The King’s conduct considerably lowered the prestige of the monarchy.» (Palmer, p.28);« On the opening of the World War II, Luxembourg was again occupied by Germany and until she was liberated by the U.S. Army the Grand Duchess [Charlotte] and her government had fled abroad.» (Morita, 1998, p.437).

Qui fera mettre de tous les siens à mors
: Hitler shall be determined to put to death all of his people [tous les siens] in case of German defeat, and in deed by his death had destroyed millions of the Germans [de tous les siens], the partitive article ‘de’ signifying the latter fact. « It was essentially Hitler’s decision to fight the war to its now inevitable finish. For a time at least Stalin was already prepared to revert to the Nazi-Soviet Pact. He offered to negotiate with Hitler in December 1942 and again in summer 1943. In the autumn, fearing that Anglo-American long-term strategy predicated a Nazi-Soviet war of exhaustion, he sent his Deputy Foreign Minister and former Berlin ambassador, Vladimir Dekanozov, to Stockholm, with an effort of a return to the 1914 frontiers and an economic deal. No doubt Stalin hoped to resurrect his 1925 strategy, pull out of the war and re-enter it later. But in November 1942, on the anniversary of his putsch, Hitler had said, ‘There will no longer be any peace efforts coming from us’, and he stuck to that resolve, fulfilling the menacing prediction he had made on numerous occasions in the 1920s and 1930s that Germany had the choice only between world leadership and national destruction.» (Johnson, 1991, p.410-411); « By March 21 [1945], Patton had swept the west bank clear of the enemy along a seventy-miles stretch between Coblenz and Mannheim, cutting off the German forces in that sector before they could withdraw to the Rhine. Next night, Patton’s troops crossed the river almost unopposed at Oppenheim, between Mainz and Mannheim. When the news of this surprise stroke reached Hitler, he called for immediate countermeasures, but was told that no resources remained available... On the eve of the Rhine crossing Hitler had issued an order declaring that ‘the battle should be conducted without consideration for our own population’. His regional commissioners were instructed to destroy ‘all industrial plants, all the main electricity works, waterworks, gas works’ together with ‘all food and clothing stores’ in order to create ‘a desert’ in the Allies’ path. But his own Minister of War Production, Albert Speer, at once protested against this drastic order. To these protests Hitler retorted: ‘If the war is lost, the German nation will also perish. So there is no need to consider what the people require for continued existence.’ Appalled at such callousness, Speer was shaken out of his loyalty to Hitler. He went behind Hitler’s back to the army and industrial chiefs, and persuaded them, without much difficulty, to evade executing Hitler’s decree.» (Hart, 1971, p.678-679); « Balance sheet of the WWII, human loss: Germany 5.25 millions, whose 500,000 are civilians.» (Ploetz, 1998, p.801-802).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§798 Blitzkrieg (The lightning war) - May 10th, 1940 (1940) (2): X-67.

X-67 (§798):

The tremble so strong in the month of May,
Saturn, Caper, Jupiter, Mercury in the bull:
Venus also Cancer, Mars, in nones,
Shall fall a hail then larger than an egg.

(Le tremblement si fort au mois de May,
Saturne, Caper, Jupiter, Mercure au beuf:
Venus aussi Cancer, Mars, en Nonnay,
Tombera gresle lors plus grosse qu'un euf.)

NOTES: Le tremblement (The tremble): This phrase, together with “si fort (so strong)”, is a manner of saying preferred by Nostradamus for expressing « A war/ a war to take place » (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.459). In fact, of the 24 phrases including the word “trembler (to tremble)”, 17 are yet in this sense (I-57, I-82bis, I-87, II-68, II-86, IV-54, IV-90, V-27, V-50, V-61, V-68, IX-33, IX-60bis, IX-94 and X-67) as well as the other 5 with an expression of ‘fear’ (III-88, IV-5, IV-36, V-23 and XII-65) and only the remaining 2 are allotted otherwise.

The tremble so strong in the month of May: « The tremors (wars) will be very strong in the month of May.» (Lamont, 1944, p.335).

The key point of the quatrain consists in the determination of the year in question by the astronomical conditions described there. But, for a moment, the term ‘Caper’ is not known to us as a planet, we first consider the condition “Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury in the bull”:

1° The periods (year.month.day) of Saturn and Jupiter together in the Bull are as follows during the 16th – 20th centuries (1555-2000) [Paris, LMT; astronomical calculations by means of StellaNavigator]: 1763.5.6-1763.6.11, 1822.4.22-1822.7.20, 1822.12.5-1823.3.9, 1881.4.11-1882.4.22, 1940.5.16-1941.5.26, 1999.6.28-1999.10.23 and 2000.2.14-2000.6.30.

2° The periods (year.month.day hour:minute) of Saturn, Jupiter and Mercury together in the Bull are as follows: 1763.5.6 6:40-1763.5.15 16:00, 1822.5.3 17:00-1822.5.17 23:00, 1881.5.4 20:00-1881.5.19 6:30, 1940.5.16 7:40-1940.5.21 14:00, 1941.4.28 23:00-1941.5.13 1:00 and 2000.4.30 4:00-2000.5.14 7:30.

3° According to the verse “Venus aussi Cancer (Venus also Cancer)” interpreted as “Venus in Cancer during the periods of 2°”, these periods can be reduced to the following sole one: (p1) 1940.5.16 7:40-1940.5.21 14:00. As to the supposed ellipsis of the preposition ‘in (en or à)’ before Cancer, it concerns a prophetic embroilment.
Cf. A l'Entrée des Prophéties, §5, Catégorie d: Ellipse de prépositions pour embrouiller prophétiquement.

4° The verse “Cancer, Mars, en Nonnay (Cancer Mars in nones)” can be interpreted as “Mars in Cancer in the seventh day of May”, where the diction of the ancient Rome ‘nones (the 7th of May)’ [Nonnay = « nones n.pl. In ancient Roman calendar by inclusive reckoning, ninth day before ides (7th day of Mar., May, July, Oct., 5th day of other months).» (Sykes)] should be translated concerning the day of 1940 into the Gregorian date: 7+13=20 (the 20th of May) as Ionescu argued it correctly (Ionescu, 1976, p.486). Then Mars’ longitude on May 20th 00:00-24:00, 1940, are [91°32′24″]-[92°11′08″], namely, just in Cancer. As to the date by the ancient Roman manner, another example of “le dix Kalendes d’Apuril de faict Gotique (the tenth of the calends of April in Gothic fashion)” (§391, I-42) is, in its context, not to be translated to the Gregorian.

5° The term “Caper” as a possible planet may be one of the three newly discovered Uranus, Neptune or Pluto other than those known since the ancient times, which Nostradamus had already predicted in his Prophecies (§341, VIII-69; §613, IV-33; §767, I-84). Although Ionescu has identified it with Uranus with verbal imaginative confidence (Ionescu, 1976, p.484-485), we will follow the discursive route and discern these three planets’ longitude during the pertinent period above (p1):

(p1) 1940.5.16 7:40-1940.5.21 14:00.
Uranus..... [52°11′46″]-[52°30′02″]
Neptune.... [172°48′35″]-[172°46′01″]
Pluto..........[120°50′51″]-[120°55′32″]

6° In fact, as Ionescu argues it, the so-called Caper is not but the planet Uranus that is in the Bull.

7° In conclusion, we get the period 1940.5.16 7:40 - 1940.5.21 14:00 as the most pertinent. Therefore, only the case of p1 is entitled to be the year in question, namely, the year 1940.

A hail larger than an egg: = « heavy bombs » (Lamont, id.).

Shall fall a hail then larger than an egg: « ... For more than two weeks Dunkirk had been subjected to an escalating fury of bombing. The docks were wrecked, the quays had been pounded to rubble, and more than half the town lay in smouldering ruins... On May 27, the vulture flock of Stukas wheeled and plunged upon the port and beaches for nearly the whole day. The smoking air was rent by explosions and the roar of flames. Goering’s Stukas, Heinkels and Dorniers dropped 15,000 high-explosive bombs, mostly 500-pounders [a grail larger than an egg], and 30,000 incendiaries. Over a thousand civilians lay beneath the ruins... » (Maule, 1972, p.24-25).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§797 Blitzkrieg (The lightning war) - May 10th, 1940 (1940): IX-83.

IX-83 (§797):

The Sun twenty of Taurus so vehemently the earth shall tremble,
The crowded big theatre shall ruin,
The air, the sky and earth shall darken and be in disorder,
When the faithless people shall call upon a god and saints.

(Sol vingt de taurus si fort terre trembler,
Le grand theatre rempli ruinera,
L'air, ciel & terre obscurcir & troubler,
Lors l'infidelle dieu & sainctz voguera.)

NOTES: « TRANSLATIONWhen the sun is in twenty (degrees) Taurus, the earth will shake so strongly (the war will be going full blast), the great theater that has just been completed will be ruined. The air, the sky and earth will be obscure and troubled, while the “infidel” will invoke God and Saints. INTERPRETATION: This is an indication of the period when the march of the German army against France began in May, 1940.» (Lamont, 1944, p.184-185).

Sol vingt de taurus (The Sun twenty of Taurus): « The date of May 10th is clearly indicated by the position of the Sun at 20° of Taurus. All of us know that on May 10th, 1940, Hitler commences the invasion of France via Belgium. We shall see in the following quatrain (§798, X-67) how Nostradamus can give us not only the day and the month, but also the year.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.482). « The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940] and again Blitzkrieg methods brought swift victories.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « The Poles were defeated swiftly because of the German Blitzkrieg (lightning war). It consisted of rapid thrust by motorised divisions and tanks (Panzers) supported by air power: the Luftwaffe (the German air force) put the Polish railway system out of action and destroyed the Polish air force.» (id., p.250).

Terre trembler (the earth to tremble): This phrase, together with “tremblement de terre (tremble of the earth)”, is a manner of saying preferred by Nostradamus for expressing « A war/ a war to take place » (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.459). All of the 12 usages of this expression in the Prophecies of Nostradamus are in this sense without exception (I-20, I-46, I-93, II-52, III-3, VI-66, VI-88, VIII-29, IX-31, IX-83, X-60 and X-79). Moreover, of the other 24 phrases including the word “trembler (to tremble)”, 17 are yet in this sense (I-57, I-82bis, I-87, II-68, II-86, IV-54, IV-90, V-27, V-50, V-61, V-68, IX-33, IX-60bis, IX-94 and X-67) as well as the other 5 with an expression of ‘fear’ (III-88, IV-5, IV-36, V-23 and XII-65) and only the remaining 2 are allotted otherwise (II-64: enfeebling of laws; V-49: shake of the regime). In conclusion, 34 of 36 usages of the word “trembler (to tremble)” are designed to signify the war.

The crowded big theatre shall ruin: As well as a metaphorical usage of the term “the earth to tremble”, the term “a crowded big theatre” must be understood as a metaphor for a large civilized city ruined in the first stage of the World War II: « The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940]. The Dutch, shaken by the bombing of Rotterdam which killed almost a thousand people, surrendered after only four days. Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May... » (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Although ill trained and badly armed, the Dutch troops fought bravely against the 9th Panzer Division fighting its way towards Rotterdam. The German Eighteenth Army commander was frustrated by their resistance, but finally that evening [13 May] the panzers broke through. The next day, the Dutch negotiated the surrender of Rotterdam, but the German commander had failed to inform the Luftwaffe. A major bombing raid was mounted on the city. Over 800 civilians were killed. The Dutch foreign minister claimed that evening that 30,000 had been killed, an announcement which caused horror in Paris and London. In any case, General Henri Winkelman, the Dutch commander-in-chief, decided on a general surrender to avoid further loss of life. Hitler, on hearing the news, promptly ordered a triumphal march through Amsterdam with units from the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler and the 9th Panzer Division.» (Beevor, 2012, p.92); « Rotterdam anéantie par les raids aériens, 14 mai 1940 (Rotterdam annihilated by air raids, May 14, 1940)... » (Blaise, 1986, p.1073).

The air, the sky and earth shall darken and be in disorder
: because of motorised divisions, tanks and constant air force attacks: « ... Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May left the British and French troops in Belgium perilously exposed as German motorised divisions swept across northern France; only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands. The British navy played the vital role in evacuating over 338,000 troops, two-thirds of them British, from Dunkirk between 27 May and 4 June. Dunkirk was a remarkable achievement in the face of constant Luftwaffe attacks on the beaches; it would perhaps have been impossible if Hitler had not ordered the advance towards Dunkirk to halt (24 May) probably because the marshy terrain and numerous canals were unsuitable for tanks. The events at Dunkirk were important: a third of a million troops were rescued to fight again and Churchill used it for propaganda purposes to boost British morale with the ‘Dunkirk spirit’. In fact it was a serious blow for the Allies: the armies at Dunkirk had lost all their arms and equipment so that it became impossible for Britain to help France. The Germans now swept southwards; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Had all the port facilities been available, and had its exodus been unopposed, the B.E.F. [British Expeditionary Force] could have escaped with all its equipment within a very few days. However, for more than two weeks Dunkirk had been subjected to an escalating fury of bombing. The docks were wrecked, the quays had been pounded to rubble, and more than half the town lay in smouldering ruins... On May 27, the vulture flock of Stukas wheeled and plunged upon the port and beaches for nearly the whole day. The smoking air was rent by explosions and the roar of flames. Goering’s Stukas, Heinkels and Dorniers dropped 15,000 high-explosive bombs, mostly 500-pounders, and 30,000 incendiaries. Over a thousand civilians lay beneath the ruins.» (Maule, 1972, p.24-25; A photograph of ‘Black smoke from burning oil tank billows from Dunkirk’, id., p. 24); « The all-out assault by the Luftwaffe on June 1 was synchronized with a surge forward by German infantry, curtained by a formidable artillery barrage, and strongly supported by tanks... That day, wave after wave of enemy warplanes blackened the sky. The beaches, the mole and the harbour were a hell of bursting bombs and shells.» (Maule, id., p.31-32).

Infidelle
: = Infidèle, the double LL being for exposition of the preceding E with a grave accent È; « INFIDÈLE. adj.
Qui n’est pas fidèle (Who is not faithful). Qui ne professe pas la religion considérée comme vraie (Who does not confess the religion considered as true). – Subst. Un, une infidèle (Noun. A faithless man or woman).» (Petit Robert). « Adjectives already ending in –e in the masculine cannot take an additional e in the feminine. E.g. difficile.» (Collins, p.204). Therefore, the explanation of this orthography preferentially as the feminine (e.g., Ionescu, 1976, p.482-483; Clébert, 2003, p.1043) is not pertinent.

L’infidelle
: = The faithless, the faithless people, the French definite article (LE) in this case representing the concept of generality: « Some Special Uses of the Definite Article (a) A noun used in an abstract or in a general sense requires a definite article in French, where the equivalent English usually omits the article.
Le pain est bon. (Bread is good.) Marie aime la musique. (Mary likes music.)» (Collins, p.197-198).

When the faithless people shall call upon a god and saints: Here, the faithless people in the days of the Nazis are considered as the Jews believing in another god and saints other than the Christains’. In this sense, Ionescu’s interpretation (Ionescu, 1976, p.483) is fairly recommended. « By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt... The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns... » (Johnson, 1991, p.415).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§796 George VI’s visit to Canada and USA; Hitler as an Antichrist (1938-1941): X-66.

X-66 (§796):

The head of London on his way to the reign America,
To the island of Scotland shall be perplexed by frost,
The Berliners shall have a King so untruthful an Antichrist,
That he shall bring all of them into a severe conflict.

(Le chef de Londres par regne lamerich
L'isle d'Escosse tempiera par gelee,
Roy Reb. auront un si faulx antechrist,
Que les mettra trestous dans la meslee.)

NOTES: The head of London on his way to the reign America, To the island of Scotland shall be perplexed by frost: « It was in 1919 after the war of 1914-18 that I happened to get a review containing an article on Nostradamus. It reproduced a quatrain which retained my attention: it was the quatrain 66 of the Tenth Century. At that time I reasoned that “never so far a King of Britain had not been in America. If someday one of the Kings of Britain shall go there, it will be the announcement of a war. Then we shall wait this journey in wishing it would take place as latest as possible.” ... We had to wait 18 years to obtain the confirmation of my hypotheses. One day in 1938, I knew in a newspaper that King George VI was going to visit Canada, and that thence he would proceed so far as to Washington. Some days [sic. For months] later I knew in the same newspaper that the vessel he was on board had been stopped in front of the Isle of Nova Scotia by dangerous icebergs [frost]. The second verse I had found unusual became in this way surprisingly clear: « l’isle d’Escosse (the island of Scotland) », it was Nova Scotia.» (Willoquet, 1967, p.76-77).

Regne lamerich: = A reign the America (= a State the America = USA), regne (a reign) and lamerich (the America) being in apposition.

Regne l'isle d'Escosse: = A reign the island of Scotland (= a State the Nova Scotia [la Nouvelle Écosse] = Canada), regne (a reign) and l’isle d’Escosse (the island of Scotland) being in apposition.

Tempiera:
= He shall be worried, tempiera being the third person singular future of the intransitive verb tempier itself from the French noun « tempier. tempête, confusion (tempest, confusion).»
(Godefroy); « Tempester. Se tempester. S’agiter. Se tourmenter, être soucieux (To tempest. To be agitated, to be worried).» (Huguet).

« 1939 Jun: 8th (-11th), George VI visits U.S. at end of tour of Canada.» (Williams, 1968, p.568).

« Introduction: During the late spring of 1939, Canada buzzed with excitement. The first reigning monarch in Canadian history was going to visit in a remarkable month long 7,000-kilometre trans-Canadian journey by rail, with a brief foray into the United States. A frenzy of apprehension arose as ice and fog delayed the arrival of the royal couple [The head of London shall be perplexed by frost] on the Empress of Australia. Finally, two days late, on May 17, to the cheers of over 10,000 at Quebec City and hundreds of thousands more gathered around radio receivers across the country, the shy King and his lovely Queen stepped on Canadian soil. For four weeks Canadians forgot about the lingering Depression, the looming war in Europe and Asia, and the pressures of everyday life; they became totally absorbed by this unprecedented visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. The country was awash in royal fever. Everything came to a stand-still for the duration of the tour: meals were delayed, cut short or not eaten at all; meetings began late or were hurried or simply forgotten; life was disrupted as never before. Everyone scooped up newspapers and huddled around radios to read and to hear the progress of the tour as it proceeded from one end of Canada to the other and back again. The magnificent spectacle of this remarkable tour touched young and old alike, including a young woman in Edmonton, Vera Collins. Vera Collins was a typical young Canadian. She was born October 1, 1909 at Almonte Ontario to Mortimer and Edith Collins. When she wrote her diary, Vera Collins was single. Subsequently, she married Robert Webb and took his name, becoming Vera Webb..... Vera Collins’ journal shows that the Royal Visit was a once-in-a-lifetime event, a breath-taking happening which excited Canadians who relished a break from their daily routines. As the royal train moved westward, Vera’s journal entries became more exuberant, tinged with apprehension. She became caught up in the wonder of public preparations in Edmonton for the royal visitors. With obvious pride, Vera was most pleased with the city’s decoration colour scheme of red, white and blue for its “960 crowns, 215 coats of arms, 23,000 yards of bunting, 2,200 flags and 6,500 pennants.’’ In her personal “tour of inspection” before the arrival of the royal couple, Vera made special mention in her journal of the paintings in front of a dwelling on McDonald Drive near 101st Street. This display of oil paintings of the royal family was completed four months previously by Edmonton’s famous photographer, Ernest Brown and his assistant, Miss Gladys Reeves and put up in front of Miss Reeves’ home. Vera was well satisfied with Edmonton’s preparations. Finally, the day of the visit arrived on June 2, 1939. The city of about 90,000 had swollen to over 200,000. As the royal blue and silver Royal train carrying King George VI and Queen Elizabeth pulled into the CNR station at Edmonton, the sky was clear and blue with the temperature the warmest their Majesties had experienced in Canada at 17 degrees celsius... [Kenneth Munro, Edmonton 2005 (Kenneth Munro is a professor of History and Acting Chair of the Department of History & Classics in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Alberta.)]» (Collins, 2005, p.8-11).

« The prospect of a nation-wide royal tour of Canada was extremely popular. To the old desire of Canadians to have their monarch among them, was added curiosity about the new King [crowned in 1936] and Queen and wish to show support for them. The Prime Minister’s enthusiasm reflected the people’s. The importance Mackenzie King attached to the tour is seen from the impressive body he set up to take charge of the planning. The Interdepartmental Committee on the Royal Visit was chaired by civil service mandarin and future Canadian diplomat Ephriam Herbert Coleman, then Under-Secretary of State and Registrar-General of Canada… Even Government House in Ottawa, always a suspicious quarter in Mackenzie King’s mind, was deeply involved in the preparations. King liked the current incumbent, the tactful Lord Tweedsmuir, although they had already had at least one major falling out. So in December 1938 King, with the tour in mind, had Tweedsmuir obtain the King’s approval for amending the official Canadian Table of Precedence last revised in 1923. In 1923 Lieutenant-Governors of provinces had been moved up to second place, following the Governor-General. King, himself responsible for the 1923 change, now wished to put the First Minister (himself) immediately after the King’s Representative… » (Bousfield and Toffoli, 1989, p.22).

« However anxious the king might have been that war should be averted, he undertook two state visits in these years which directly contributed to the solidarity of what would one day be the alliance against Germany. The first, in July 1938, was to France… By the time that the king embarked on the second of his major trips abroad, to North America in May 1939, little hope was left that war might finally be averted. It did not seem possible that the United States could be induced to join a coalition against Germany, but it was essential that it should at least be well disposed towards the Anglo-French alliance and be ready to give it preferential treatment when it came to economic support and the supply of arms. The royal visit therefore formed part of a campaign to influence the hearts and minds of the American people. The American tour was presented as – indeed, was originally conceived as – an appendage to a royal visit to Canada. To avoid any accusation that the king was seeking to make political points he was accompanied, not by the British foreign secretary but by the Canadian prime minister. The visit was low-key, informal and yet designed to secure as much publicity as possible. It was largely due to the dexterity, as well as the obvious enthusiasm and goodwill, of the king and queen that the aims of the mission were accomplished. The tour got off to an inauspicious start when the king’s ship, The Empress of Australia, lost more than three days because of the inordinate number of icebergs along the route [shall be perplexed by frost]. The captain, the queen told Queen Mary, was driven almost demented by helpful passengers pointing out that his ship was close to the spot where, at much the same time of year, the Titanic had met its end. No such disaster occurred on this occasion and the visit to Canada was triumphantly successful. ‘I realise now more than ever,’ wrote the Governor General, Lord Tweedsmuir, more widely known as the novelist John Buchan – ‘what a wonderful mixture [the king] is of shrewdness, kindliness and humour. As for the queen, she has a perfect genius for the right kind of publicity,’ That is the sort of thing governor generals are supposed to say, but there is enough evidence from other sources to suggest that Tweedsmuir’s flattering words were fully justified. The American public was a harder nut to crack. A large part of the population was both anti-imperialist and opposed to anything that they felt might embroil them in a European war. There was no overnight conversion as a result of the royal visit but in Washington they were greeted by enormous crowds, who may have come out of curiosity but, according even to the more anti-British elements of the American press, formed a most favourable impression of their visitors. What mattered more was the bond that was forged between the king and queen and President Franklin Roosevelt. They stayed with Roosevelt at Hyde Park, the president’s family home on the Hudson River. The two men spoke long and seriously and George VI’s record of their conversation reveals how frank the president was about the United States’ attitude towards the forthcoming war and his hopes of influencing it in favour of the Allies. Indeed, he promised more than he was able to fulfil, for he told the king that, if the Germans were to bomb London, America would enter the war. A firm if unlikely friendship established between the two men. For the five and a half years between September 1939 and his death in April 1945, Roosevelt, from the point of view of the future of Britain, was the most important man in the world. The fact that the king was able to write to him informally, reflecting the views of his government but in personal terms and free of the trammels of official communications, must, at the very least, have been a useful extra weapon in Britain’s diplomatic armoury. So it was back to Britain at the end of June, with Germany growing ever more belligerent and the inevitability of war becoming more obvious by the moment. George VI was one of the last people to abandon hope that Hitler might experience a last-minute change of heart. He offered, once more, to make a personal appeal; this time through his cousin, Prince Philip of Hesse. Chamberlain turned down the idea; he was probably right to do so, it would have achieved nothing and might merely have fortified Hitler in his belief that, when it came to the point, Britain and France would baulk at going to war. That point came on 3 September 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. As his father had been a quarter of a century before, George VI found himself monarch of a country which was at war.» (Ziegler, 2018, p.48-52).

The head of London ... so untruthful an Antichrist ... into a severe conflict « I
NTERPRETATION: The United States will join England against a cruel tyrant who will be opposed to the church – Adolf Hitler. Plainly, Nostradamus says here that the United States will join Great Britain to crush Adolf Hitler and his Nazis.» (Lamont, 1944, p.320).

Roy Reb. auront un si faulx antechrist: The construction will be as follows: Reb. auront Roy un si faulx antechrist (Reb. shall have a King, so untruthful an Antichrist). The term with a period of ellipsis Reb. probably suggests Berlinois (Berliners, those of Berlin = the Germans), and Roy and un si faulx antechrist seem to be in apposition. The interpretation by Ionescu (1976, p.544) of the term Reb. simply as “BERLIN (BER, the simple inversion of Reb., comes from BERLIN)” is insufficient because the verb in the plural “auront ([they] shall have)” demands its subject in the plural, nor his conclusive one as “the government of the Nazis of Berlin (Roy Reb.)” (id., p.545) is pertinent because he congregates the subject and the object of a sentence into one subject, wich being left yet in the singular.

Antechrist
: « ANTÉCHRIST or rather ANTICHRIST. According to the Epistles of John, the Christians of the end of the 1st century did not wait for the return of the Christ before the arrival of an Anti-Christ [ἀντίχριστος], namely, following the Greek etymology, of a false replacement of the Christ. On the other hand, the second Epistle to the Thessalonians precedes Advent of the Christ by that of a “Man of lawlessness, Son of destruction” who shall be the instrument of Satan to provoke a general apostasy, ruin the religions and proclaim himself God (2Th 2, 3-9)... The Antichrist and the Man of lawlessness are not but a single figure upon which the posterior centuries have projected their successive fears.» (Monloubou, p.39-40).

Un si faulx antechrist
: = « An Antechrist so deceitful and so unfaithful – Hitler.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.545); « Concerning our times, the Prophet considers three Antechrists: Staline (quatrains VI-49, X-1 and X-65), Hitler (X-66) and Mao Tse-Tung (VIII-77). These dictators have in common some distinctive traits: 1. They imposed a totalitarian regime with a great cruelty. 2. The number of their victims amounts to tens of millions (by wars, executions and prisons). 3. They made “cultural revolutions” in opposing the religion and the tradition of their country. 4. They provoked the hatred and the conflict among races and social classes. 5. They erected themselves as superhuman entities and encouraged the cult of their personality.» (Ionescu, 1987, p.451-452). There appears in the Dedication to Henry II (№3, pp.3-23; №10, pp.153-173) five examples of the word Antechrist/antechrist, whose two of the paragraphs 44-46 (following Le Pelletier’s paragraphing) refer to Stalin because the passage includes the name ‘Atila [Attila]’ and the event of ‘October Revolution’, another two of the paragraphs 93-95 to Hitler because the region of Europe and the supposed years 37-45 [WWII] are told there, and the remaining one of the paragraph 107-109 also to Hitler, there being exposed the Roman occupation by ‘the antechrist, the infernal prince’ in the hottest battle in the Christian countries probably after Mussolini’s fall.

Les... trestous (all of hem): = The peoples of Great Britain, the United States, Canada and Germany.

Meslee: = « MÊLÉE. Confusion de combattants au corps à corps. Lutte, conflit (Confusion of hand-to-hand combatants. Struggle, conflict).» (Petit Robert).

The Berliners shall have a King so untruthful an Antichrist, That he shall bring all of them into a severe conflict: « Hitler “sang false”, in deed, by his solemn declarations made to the prime Minister Chamberlain – after the “Munich Conference” (September 30, 1938) by means of which Hitler obtained the region of Sudetenland – not to risk any other aggression. Moreover, all the declarations made by the Führer were revealed false; all the rest of Czechoslovakia was occupied only a few months later, and then Poland was also invaded, which determined the declaration of war by Chamberlain.» (Ionescu, id., p.544).

Que les mettra trestous dans la meslee: Great Britain (September 3, 1939), the USA (December 11, 1941 through German declaration of war against USA) and Canada (September 10, 1939) declared war against Germany in the World War II (cf. Ploetz, 1998, p.757).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§795 The launching and scuttling of Admiral Graf Spee (1936-1941): II-5.

II-5 (§795):

What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him
Shall launch outward he who then shall wage a war,
Shall have his fleet well equipped,
Appearing near the Latin region.

(Qu'en dans poisson, fer & letre enfermée
Hors sortira qui puys fera la guerre,
Aura par mer sa classe bien ramée
Apparoissant pres de Latine terre.)

NOTES: Qu'en dans poisson, fer & letre enfermée: = Ce qui est quelque chose comme fer & letre enfermée dans poisson par lui (What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him) = the German pocket battleship Graf Spee; « According to Centurio [1953, p.50], the fish symbolizes the submarine [U-boat]...» (Ionescu, 1976, p.477); « “Spee” recalls us “Speer”, which means in German ‘dart or javelin’, therefore “fer (iron)”, and “Graf” (by a phonetic equivalence) is “graph”, from the Greek “γραφή (graphē)”, écriture (scripture), therefore “letter”.» (Ionescu, id., p.480).

Pres de Latine terre: = « près de l’Amérique Latine (near the Latin America).» (Ionescu, id., p.479).

What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him Shall launch outward he who then shall wage a war... Appearing near the Latin region: Hitler, who thereafter shall wage a war, shall launch outward before the war Graf Spee, which in war shall appear near South America: « Graf Spee, in full Admiral Graf von Spee, German pocket battleship of 10,000 tons launched in 1936 [What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him Shall launch outward he who then shall wage a war]. The Graf Spee was more heavily gunned than any cruiser and had a top speed of 25 knots and an endurance of 12,500 miles (20,000 km). After sinking several merchant ships in the Atlantic, the Graf Spee was sighted on Dec. 13, 1939, off the Río de la Plata estuary [Appearing near the Latin region] by a British search group consisting of the cruisers Exeter, Ajax, and Achilles, commanded by Commodore H. Harwood.» (EB, s.v.[https://www.britannica.com/topic/Graf-Spee]); « River Plate 13-17 December 1939. Nazi Germany’s hopes of improving on the dismal performance of their country’s surface ships in World War I took a blow when one of their most powerful ships was tamely scuttled after an inconclusive battle with a far-from-overwhelming British force at the start of World War II. The German navy built a class of “pocket battleships,” designed specifically for extended raids against British trade. When war broke out in September 1939, one of these ships, Graf Spee, was already en route to the South Atlantic [... launch outward...]. It began operations against British shipping in late September, sinking or capturing nine ships by early December. By then, the British had deployed several groups of warships to search for the raider. On 13 December, Graf Spee met one of these hunting groups off the mouth of the River Plate [near the Latin region]. It consisted of three cruisers – two British, Exeter and Ajax, and one New Zealand, Achilles – under the overall command of Admiral Henry Harwood. The Germans concentrated their fire on Exeter, the most powerful ship, inflicting heavy damage and putting most of its guns out of action. Exeter was saved from destruction by the bold intervention of the smaller cruisers, but Ajax was also hit heavily. In return, Graf Spee received serious but far from fatal damage. The German commander, Captain Hans Langsdorff, decided to retreat to Motevideo in neutral Uruguay in order to make repairs. While Graf Spee was in port, the British tried to rush reinforcements to the area and managed to convince Langsdorff that these had already arrived when, in fact, only one ship had completed the journey. On 17 December, Langsdorff decided to scuttle Graf Spee in the River Plate estuary. Two days later, he committed suicide.» (Grant, 2011, p.803).

He who then shall wage a war: = « Invasion of Poland 1 September – 5 October 1939. Despite guarantees by Britain and France to aid Poland, Adolf Hitler was determined on war [He who then shall wage a war] and sure that his secret nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union would give him a free hand in Poland. The German invasion marked the start of World War II.» (Grant, id., p.801).

Ramé
: = « garni de rames (furnished with oars).» (Godefroy).

He who shall have his fleet well equipped
: = « The Battle of the Atlantic, 1939 - 41. Germany’s Kriegsmarine was poorly prepared for war in 1939, with few powerful surface ships and a small force of submarines. Only from the spring of 1941 would German U-boat strength increase substantially. For the first year or so of the war about a third of German torpedoes failed to explode, which obviously thwarted many attacks... The fall of France in 1940 brought a major change. Within hours of the surrender the head of the U-boat force, Admiral Karl Dönitz had equipment trains rolling to France’s Atlantic ports, hundreds of kilometres nearer convoy routes than previous German bases. What the U-boat crews called the “Happy Time” was about to begin. Until the spring of 1941 a series of U-boat commanders became celebrated as “aces”, sinking ship after ship with little loss on the German side. They used so-called “wolf-pack” tactics whereby the first boat to sight a convoy signalled U-boat headquarters, which then manoeuvred a group into attack positions. Then, at night, the U-boats would sail on the surface right in among the convoy’s ships – without radar it was almost impossible to spot a surfaced U-boat. The U-boats would torpedo perhaps several ships and escaped into the dark amid the resulting carnage. In this period the Germans also had the upper hand in the code-breaking struggle. Their messages remained secure, but many British ones giving away convoy routes and other movements. Things improved for the Allies in the spring of 1941. Britain began breaking the U-boat codes...» (Sommerville, 2008, p.50-51).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§794 Himmler shall make black pages of History (1942-1945): IX-53.

IX-53 (§794):

The young Nero into the three chimneys
Shall make black pages of History for throwing the alive to burn them,
Happy shall be he who shall have nothing to do with such acts,
Three of his blood shall have him waited for to be the death of him.

(Le Neron jeune dans les trois cheminees
Fera de paiges vifz pour ardoir getter,
Heureux qui loing sera de telz meneez,
Trois de son sang le feront mort guetter.)

NOTES: The young Nero: = « Himmler.» (Centurio, 1953, p.202); (Ionescu, 1976, p.503). Cf. « l’inhumain Neron (the inhuman Nero)» (§515, IX-76): a historical metaphor for la Terreur (the Terror), as « le tiers premier pys que ne feit Neron (the Third Estate in power worse than Nero does)» (§382, IX-17) for the revolutionary Government in the French Revolution, and « un fils Agrippe (a son of Agrippina = Nero)» (§374, VI-91) for the National Convention.

Chimneys: = « Concentration camps with crematories.»
(Ionescu, id.).

Paiges: = pages (pages); « PAGE. 6° Fig. Partie de la vie ou de l’histoire d’un individu, d’un groupe, d’une nation.
Une page glorieuse de l’histoire de France. (Part of the life or the history of an individual, of a group, of a nation. A glorious page of the history of France).» (Petit Robert). The interpretations of this term by Centurio as “living boys” and by Ionescu as “traps” are not pertinent semantically or textually.

Vifz: = The alive, living persons; « VIF, VIVE. adj. and noun.
2°. Noun. LE VIF: personne vivante (a living person).» (Petit Robert).

Ardoir: = « brûler, consumer (to burn, to consume).» (Godefroy).

Getter: = jeter (to throw); « geter, getter, getray, etc. Voir (See) jeter.»; « jeter: jeter, lancer (to throw, to dart).» (Daele).

Le Neron jeune dans les trois cheminees Fera de paiges vifz pour ardoir getter: The construction will be as follows : Le Neron jeune fera de paiges pour getter [&] ardoir vifz dans les trois cheminees (The young Nero shall make [black] pages [of History] for throwing and burning the alive in the three chimneys); « Himmler, the new Nero, made millions of people gassed and burnt » (Centurio, id.) « in the three concentration camps with crematories.» (Ionescu, id.); « By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt... The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns:

Then they would feel the gas and crowd together away from the menacing columns and finally stampede towards the huge metal door with its little window, where they piled up in one blue clammy blood-spattered pyramid, clawing and mauling at each other even in death... Then the journey by lift or rail-wagon to the furnaces, the mill that ground the clinker to fine ash, and the lorry that scattered the ashes in the stream of the Sola. (Quoted from Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1953).

In fact, to save money inadequate quantities of the expensive gas were often used, so the healthy victims were merely stunned and were then burned alive (Gilbert, Final Journey, 77-8).» (Johnson, 1991, p.415-416).

Three chimneys: = A certain number of concentration camps: « The final solution became fact from the spring of 1942. The first mass-gassings began at Belzec on 17 March 1942. This camp had the capacity to kill 15,000 a day. The next month came Sobibor (20,000 a day), Treblinka and Maidanek (25,000) and Auschwitz, which Hoess called ‘the greatest institution for human annihilation of all time’.» (Johnson, 1991, p.415).

Heinrich Himmler (1900-†23 May, 1945): « He was made commander of the unified German police forces in 1936, head of Reich Administration in 1939 and Minister of the Interior, 1943. His ruthless direction of the secret police (Gestapo) made him a sinister figure among the Nazi leaders, responsible for many atrocities. He was arrested in hiding by British troops on May 21st, 1945, and committed suicide two days later.» (Palmer, p.126); « ... the key document in the genocide programmes appears to be an order issued (on the Führer’s authority) by Goering on 31 July 1941 to Himmler’s deputy and
SD [Sicherheitsdienst, Security Service to watch Roehm’s SA] Chief, Reinhard Heydrich, whom Hitler called ‘the man with an iron heart’... Since June 1941, on Himmler’s instructions, Rudolf Hoess, commander of Camp ‘A’ at Auschwitz-Birkenau, had been experimenting. Shooting was too slow and messy. Carbon monoxide gas was found too slow also. Then in August 1941, using 500 Soviet POWs as guinea-pigs, Hoess conducted a mass-killing with Zyklon-B. This was made by a pest-control firm, Degesch, the vermin combatting corporation, a satellite of I.G.Farben. Discovering Zyklon-B, said Hoess, ‘set my mind at rest’. A huge SS order went out for the gas...» (Johnson, 1991, p.414).

Three of his blood shall have him waited for to be the death of him: « Himmler favoured above all the genuine maintenance of the blood, but three of his blood (Hitler, Goebbels and Admiral Dönitz) let him fall in the last days of the Nazi regime; he died, for he swallowed a capsule with cyanide.» (Centurio, id.); « In April 1945 Himmler tried to come into contact with the Allies for the negotiations of peace by the medium of Polke Bernadotte, a Swedish Count. When the news reached Hitler, he ordered his arrest. Then Himmler, taking a false identification, tried to escape, but was arrested by the Allies and brought to Lüneburg. He there committed suicide, in swallowing a phial of poison on 23 May, 1945.» (Encycl. Brit., quoted Ionescu, id.); « According to Centurio, the three persons who were waiting for the death of Himmler were Hitler – who had ordered his arrest - , Goebbels and Admiral Dönitz. The affirmation by the German writer seems to us justified because these two chiefs are those who remained faithful to the Führer, which determined the latter to nominate them in his testament, the first as Chancellor and the other as President.» (Ionescu, id.).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§793 The Rise and Fall of the Nazi in Germany (1932-1946): X-31.

X-31 (§793):

The holy empire shall come in Germany,
The Ismaelites shall find open places.
Asses shall want also Carmania,
The maintainers covered with soil all of them.

(Le saint empire viendra en Germanie,
Ismaelites trouveront lieux ouverts.
Anes vouldront aussi la Carmanie,
Les soustenens de terre tous couverts.)

NOTES: The holy empire shall come in Germany: « “The holy empire” is a historic metaphor which compares the Reich with the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation of the times of Charles the Great. This comparison is utterly correct, if we see that Hitler at the apogee of his power occupied almost the same territories as the ancient empire of 800s.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.503).

Ismaelites: « The word “Ismaelites” is used (by a metaplasm of r into m) for “Israelites”.» (Ionescu, id.).

The Ismaelites shall find open places: « The Jews shall find open places. This concerns the concentration camps, which waited them and were open to them.»
(Ionescu, id.).

Anes (Asses): = Les asiniers (the asinine) (§792, VI-17) = the Nazis.

Carmania: « In ancient times, Carmania was a region of the Persian Empire, near Persepolis, on the route of Alexander the Great. It is another historic metaphor, alluding to the fact that Hitler like Alexander penetrated too far toward the Orient [Asses shall want also Carmania].» (Ionescu, id., p.503-504).

Les soustenens (= les soutenants = the maintainers): This term specifies the defenders or partisans (souteneurs) of Hitler as his most reliable subordinates (his staff), its true meaning being « a person who maintains a thesis of doctorate.» (Petit Robert).

The maintainers covered with soil all of them: All the members of the Nazi, who were closest with Hitler in his regime, shall be dead soon or sentenced to death and executed:

Reinhard Heydrich (1904-†4 June, 1942): « ... the key document in the genocide programmes appears to be an order issued (on the Führer’s authority) by Goering on 31 July 1941 to Himmler’s deputy and
SD [Sicherheitsdienst, Security Service to watch Roehm’s SA] Chief, Reinhard Heydrich, whom Hitler called ‘the man with an iron heart’. This spoke of a total solution, Gesamtlösung, and a final solution, Endlösung, ‘to solve the Jewish problem’. Goering defined ‘final’ to Heydrich verbally, repeating Hitler’s own verbal orders: according to the evidence given at his trial in 1961 by Adolf Eichmann, whom Heydrich appointed his deputy, it meant ‘the planned biological destruction of the Jewish race in the Eastern territories’. The operative date for the programme was April 1942, to give time for preparation. The executive conference, which settled the details, was organized by Eichmann and chaired by Heydrich at Wannsee on 20 January 1942. By now much evidence had been accumulated about killing methods. Since June 1941, on Himmler’s instructions, Rudolf Hoess, commander of Camp ‘A’ at Auschwitz-Birkenau, had been experimenting. Shooting was too slow and messy. Carbon monoxide gas was found too slow also. Then in August 1941, using 500 Soviet POWs as guinea-pigs, Hoess conducted a mass-killing with Zyklon-B. This was made by a pest-control firm, Degesch, the vermin combatting corporation, a satellite of I.G.Farben. Discovering Zyklon-B, said Hoess, ‘set my mind at rest’. A huge SS order went out for the gas, with instructions to omit the ‘indicator’ component, which warned human beings of the danger. I.G.Farben’s dividends from Degesch doubled, 1942-4, at least one director knew of the use being made of the gas: the only protest from Degesch was that omitting the ‘indicator’ might endanger their patent...» (Johnson, 1991, p.414-415); « Hitler appointed Reinhard Heydrich to take over as protector of Bohemia and Moravia to crush the opposition. Heydrich immediately opted for a policy of terror to ensure that war production was no longer interrupted. He arrested the leading officials and had them sentenced to death. Altogether ninety-two people were shot in the first few days, and several thousand others were sent to Mauthausen concentration camp. Heydrich’s longer-term plan was to Germanize the territory through massive deportation. He also started the dispatch of the region’s 100,000 Jews to concentration camps, where almost all perished. In London, the Czech government-in-exile decided to assassinate Heydrich. Two young Czech volunteers were trained by SOE [Special Operations Executive] and parachuted into the country at the end of 1941. On 27 May 1942, after much reconnaissance, the two-man team took up position for a roadside ambush. One tried to shoot Heydrich as his open Mercedes slowed for a sharp bend, but his sub-machine gun jammed. His companion then threw an improvised bomb. Heydrich was wounded by the blast. Although his wounds were not fatal, they were contaminated and he died from septicaemia on 4 June [1942].» (Beevor, 2012, p.435).

Joseph Goebbels (1897-†1 May, 1945): « From 1933 to 1945 he was Minister of Enlightenment and Propaganda, his cynical understanding of mass psychology making him a formidable figure. In the last days of the war he committed suicide in Hitler’s bunker after killing his wife and children.» (Palmer, p.115); « Goebbels, the most socialist-minded of the leading Nazis, became Hitler’s closest adviser, and was allowed to radicalize the war effort, ordering total mobilization, the conscription of women, the shutting of theatres and other long-resisted measures. Hitler clung to the image of Frederick the Great, surviving hopeless encirclement. He and Goebbels read together Carlyle’s weird, multi-volume biography of the King, thus dealing a stunning blow to the already shaky reputation of the old Scotch sage.» (Johnson, 1991, p.412).

Heinrich Himmler (1900-†23 May, 1945): « He was made commander of the unified German police forces in 1936, head of Reich Administration in 1939 and Minister of the Interior, 1943. His ruthless direction of the secret police (Gestapo) made him a sinister figure among the Nazi leaders, responsible for many atrocities. He was arrested in hiding by British troops on May 21st, 1945, and committed suicide two days later.» (Palmer, p.126).

Hermann Göring (1893-†15 October, 1946): « ... an air ace of the First World War, gaining the highest military distinctions... In 1932 he became President (i.e. Speaker) of the Reichstag. Hitler appointed him Air Minister in 1933 and the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) was his creation. He was sometimes entrusted by Hitler with special diplomatic missions. The rank of Reichsmarshal was created for Göring after the victories of 1940. His personal vanity and ostentation, coupled in the later stages of the war by indolence and inefficiency, made him many enemies among the Nazi hierarchy but, when brought to trial at Nuremberg in 1946, he still showed some character, and, in the end, cheated the gallows by committing suicide a few hours before he was due to be executed.» (Palmer, p.115-116).

Joachim von Ribbentrop, Minister of the Foreign Affairs (1893-†), 6° Alfred Rosenberg, Minister for the Eastern Territories (1893-†), 7° Wilhelm Keitel, Chief of the General Headquarters (1882-†), 8° Alfred Jodle, Chief of the General Staff (1890-†), 9° Wilhelm Frick, Governor of Bohemia and Moravia (1877-†), 10° Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Governor of Netherlands (1892-†), 11° Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Head of the
RSHA (Reich Security Head Administration) after Heydrich’s death (1903-†), 12° Hans Frank, Governor of Poland (1900-†), 13° Fritz Sauckel, General Supervisor of Labour Deployment (1894-†) and 14° Julius Streicher, Governor of Franconia (1885-†) were sentenced to death in Nuremberg on 1 and hanged on 16 October, 1946.

15° Martin Bormann, Secretary of the Nazi Party (1900-†1 May, 1945?): « Although Goebbels still refused to consider unconditional surrender, Martin Bormann and Mohnke (who commanded the defence of the government district] had already smuggled civilian clothes into the Reichschancellery ready to make a breakout that night [1 May, 1945]. They expected the troops holding back the Soviet forces round the government district to fight on while they escaped. In the evening, those who wanted to get away from the Reichschancellery waited impatiently for Magda Goebbels to kill her six children with poison, and then commit suicide with her husband. At 21.30 hours, the Hamburg radio station Deutschlandsender played funeral music before Dönitz addressed the nation to announce Hitler’s death, fighting ‘at the head of his troops’. Once their children were dead, Joseph and Magda Goebbels finally went up to the Reichschancellery garden. She clutched Hitler’s own Nazi Party gold badge, which he had presented to her. Husband and wife crunched on cyanide capsules at the same time. One of the propaganda minister’s aids then fired a bullet into each of them to make certain they were dead, sprinkled petrol on their bodies and set them on fire. The delay meant that the escapers did not leave until eleven that night, two hours later than planned. In two groups, they followed different routes to cross the Spree on their journey north. Troops from the Nordland with the Tiger tank and other armoured vehicles tried to smash a way through in a charge across the Weidendammer Bridge. The Red Army, which had expected a breakout and therefore reinforced the sector, killed most of them in the chaotic night battle. Several managed to get through in the confusion, including Bormann and Arthur Axmann, the Hitler Youth leader. Bormann, who became separated, appeared to have blundered into a group of Soviet soldiers and to have taken poison.» (Beevor, 2012, p.754-755).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§792 Nazi holocaust of the Jews (1935-45): VI-17.

VI-17 (§792):

The asinine shall be constrained to change their diverse clothes,
Into uniform, thereafter the limes lighted:
The Saturnians burnt by the millers,
Indeed the greatest part who shall not be under cover.

(Apres les limes bruslez les asiniers,
Constrainctz seront changer habitz divers:
Les Saturnins bruslez par les meusniers,
Hors la pluspart qui ne sera couvers.)

NOTES: Lime (in English): = (in French) « Chaux.» (Dubois).

Les limes bruslez: = the limelights (lumière oxhydrique).

Les asiniers: = The asinine; « In order to name the Nazis, Nostradamus uses two terms: “asiniers (the asinine)” and “meuniers (millers)”. The word “asinier” has as its root “asin” (from the Latin asinus, an ass), an animal about which they say that it is obstinate and shallow, and which works only when conducted by the master. Nostradamus alludes to the qualities and the defaults that have made possible the enregimentation of a whole generation into a docile mass, perfectly organised for the proposed object. But the word “asin” is chosen also because it permits the following anagram: ASIN = NASI, Nasi and Nazi being phonetically equivalent in French.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.502). Cf. Anes (Asses) = Nazis (§793, X-31).

Changer habitz divers: = Changer [d’] habitz divers [en uniforme] (to change their diverse clothes [into uniform]); This is also « the enregimentation, for, in reality, in the times of the Nazism, each was obliged to wear different uniforms according to the organization to which he belonged.» (Ionescu, id.).

Les limes bruslez: = the limes lighted = the limelights, expressing the notorious festive meetings on a large scale of the Nazis. Therefore, this comes by nature after uniforming people.

Apres les limes bruslez les asiniers, Constrainctz seront changer habitz divers: The construction shall be as follows: Les asiniers seront constrainctz [à] changer [d’] habitz divers [en uniforme], Apres[,] les limes [seront] bruslez (The asinine shall be constrained to change their diverse clothes [into uniform], thereafter the limes [shall be] lighted).

The Saturnians: « The term “Saturnins (Saturnians)” was currently used in the literature of the
XVIth century, to designate the Jews. They were called Saturnians because they celebrated Saturday, the day of Saturn.» (Ionescu, id., p.503).

Les meusniers: = the millers; « The word “meusniers (millers)” is the French correspondent to “Müller”, which is a word so common in Germany that it is used in the pejorative sense of one of the mass.» (Ionescu, id., p.502); This also refers to “the mill that ground the clinker [of the burnt in the furnace] to fine ash” (See below). Moreover, this term alludes to the two
SS Generals of the same name: Heinrich Müller: « The CIA file on Heinrich Mueller, chief of Hitler's Gestapo and a major Nazi war criminal, sheds important new light on U.S. and international efforts to find Mueller after his disappearance in May 1945. Though inconclusive on Mueller's ultimate fate, the file is very clear on one point. The Central Intelligence Agency and its predecessors did not know Mueller's whereabouts at any point after the war. In other words, the CIA was never in contact with Gestapo Mueller. To assist other scholars, the press, and the general public in making sense of this new information about the CIA's investigation of this controversial war criminal, the authors have drawn on other documents at the National Archives for this report... As Gestapo chief, Mueller oversaw the implementation of Hitler's policies against Jews and other groups deemed a threat to the state. The notorious Adolf Eichmann, who headed the Gestapo's Office of Resettlement and then its Office of Jewish Affairs, was Mueller's immediate subordinate. Once World War II began, Mueller and Eichmann planned key components in the deportation and then extermination of Europe's Jews... Ultimately the Allies would find many Heinrich Muellers in occupied Germany and Austria, but not the right one. Heinrich Mueller is a very common German name. By the end of 1945, American and British occupation forces had gathered information on numerous Heinrich Muellers, all of whom had different birth dates, physical characteristics and job histories. Documentation on some of them is included - one might say mistakenly jumbled together - in the "Gestapo" Mueller Army IRR file, which the National Archives released in 2000. Part of the problem for U.S. record-keepers stemmed from the fact that some of these Muellers, including Gestapo Mueller, did not appear to have middle names. An additional source of confusion was that there were two different SS-Generals named Heinrich Mueller. In at least one instance, an index card purporting to collate information on Gestapo Mueller, which was prepared by an American official after the war, actually contains two different birth dates, as well as data about a third man of the same name. A Heinrich Mueller was held briefly at the Altenstadt civilian internment camp in 1945. Another killed himself along with his wife and his children in April 1946... More information about Mueller's fate might still emerge from still secret files of the former Soviet Union. The CIA file, by itself, does not permit definitive conclusions. Taking into account the currently available records of the War Room as well as other documents in the National Archives, the authors of this report conclude that Mueller most likely died in Berlin in early May 1945.» (Naftali, T. et al., 2016); « For the purposes of general supervision and repression the Gestapo modelled itself closely on the Soviet Secret Police. Himmler had at his command an extremely able police-officer, Heinrich Mueller, who became known as Gestapo Mueller, a close and devoted student of Soviet methods. Mueller was impressed by the efficiency of the internal spy system which had been perfected by the Soviet Government, the effect of which, ideally, was to isolate the individual by making it impossible for anybody to trust anybody else. He set to work to reproduce this system in Germany by more economical means. He built up a cell system which enrolled quantities of ordinary citizens as honorary part-time members of the Gestapo.Thus there was the Blockwart, the concierge, who had to report on the activities of every tenant in his apartment block. Every Air-Raid Warden was also a corresponding member of the Gestapo. Every labour group had a Gestapo representative. And, on top of this, voluntary informers were encouraged by every possible means. As the Russians had discovered, there is nothing like the voluntary informer for creating a general atmosphere of unease and apprehension: he operates by personal spite, or by the desire to ingratiate himself with the authorities; he costs nothing; his information is usually valueless in any specific sense; but since every human being at some time commits some indiscretion, he enables the secret police to swoop where it is least expected (and often least needed) and give the desired impression of possessing an all-seeing eye... » (Crankshaw, 1966, p.66-67).

Hors
: = tout hors = Indeed, really; « hors, adv., à l’extérieur (outdoors); tout hors, totalement (totally), entièrement (entirely); prép. en dehors de (prep. outside of).» (Godefroy).

The Saturnians burnt by the millers, Indeed the greatest part who shall not be under cover: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with... Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race... It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered [The Saturnians burnt... indeed the greatest part], most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps [they were burnt after having been gassed].» (Lowe, 1988, p.143). As to the rare adverb “hors (totally)”, Ionescu took it as a preposition with the meaning of “except”, so he entirely misunderstood the last line in explaining that « Most of the Jews shall make their escape in abandoning their fortune and fleeing quite naked.» (Ionescu, id., p.503).

The Saturnians burnt... indeed the greatest part...: « The final solution became fact from the spring of 1942. The first mass-gassings began at Belzec on 17 March 1942. This camp had the capacity to kill 15,000 a day. The next month came Sobibor (20,000 a day), Treblinka and Maidanek (25,000) and Auschwitz, which Hoess called ‘the greatest institution for human annihilation of all time’. The documentation on the genocide is enormous. The figures almost defy belief. By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000 [indeed the greatest part]. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt. The gas chambers, described as ‘corpse cellars’, were designed by German Armaments Incorporated, to a specification requiring ‘gas-proof doors with rubber surround and observation post of double 8-millimetre glass (Martin Gilbert, Final Journey: the Fate of the Jews in Nazi Europe, London, 1979, 69-70). The ground over the gassing-cellars was a well-kept lawn, broken by concrete mushrooms, covering shafts through which the ‘sanitary orderlies’ pushed the amethyst-blue crystals of Zyklon-B. The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns:

Then they would feel the gas and crowd together away from the menacing columns and finally stampede towards the huge metal door with its little window, where they piled up in one blue clammy blood-spattered pyramid, clawing and mauling at each other even in death. Twenty-five minutes later the ‘exhauster’ electric pumps removed the gas-laden air, the great metal door slid open, and the men of the Jewish Sonderkommando entered, wearing gas-masks and gumboots and carrying hoses, for their first task was to remove the blood and defecations before dragging the clawing dead apart with nooses and hooks, the prelude to the ghastly search for gold and the removal of the teeth and hair which were regarded by the Germans as strategic materials. Then the journey by lift or rail-wagon to the furnaces, the mill [burnt by the millers] that ground the clinker to fine ash, and the lorry that scattered the ashes in the stream of the Sola. (Quoted from Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1953).

In fact, to save money inadequate quantities of the expensive gas were often used, so the healthy victims were merely stunned and were then burned alive (Gilbert, Final Journey, 77-8).» (Johnson, 1991, p.415-416).
_______________________________________
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§791 Religious persecution in the French Revolution and by the Nazi regime (1789-95; 1935-45): IX-72.

IX-72 (§791):

Again shall be polluted the sacred temples,
And pillaged by a senate of the Rotunda,
Saturn two three cycles revolved,
In April, May, peoples of a new leaven.

(Encor seront les saintz temples pollus,
Et expillez par senat Tholossain,
Saturne deux trois cicles revollus,
Dans Avril, May, gens de nouveau levain.)

NOTES: Encor: = Encore (Again); « encor, encore, -ores; encoire, v. ancore.» (Daele); « ancore, ancor, encore, encor, encores.» (Daele).

Pollu: = « polu, adj., souillé, sale (sullied, dirty).»
(Godefroy).

Expiller: From the Latin « ex-pīlō, to pillage, rob, plunder thoroughly.» (Smith-Lockwood).

This quatrain seems to concern the two similar cases of the conspicuous religious persecution in modern history: those by the Republicans in the French Revolution (1789-1995) and by the Nazi Government (1935-1945) before and in the World War II, these two hard times containing respectively the two periods of Saturn’s sojourn in Taurus with a lapse of its five revolutions (1793.3.12-1795.4.30 and 1940.3.20-1942.5.8) as described below.

Senat Tholossain (a senate of the Rotunda): = A central government with dictatorship in imitation of the Thirty (the Thirty Tyrants) seated in the Rotunda (θόλος [tholos] in Greek; cf. Plato, Apol., 32c5, d5; In the democratic times the Rotunda (Tholos) was where the Prytanes [Athenian Magistrates by turns] administered the affairs of state [cf. Xenophon, 1980, p.237, tr.'s note25]) in ancient Athens under the Spartan hegemony (404
B.C. – 403 B.C.); « ... the total destruction of their fleet at Aegospontami off Ionia in 405 B.C. left Athens defenceless. The Spartans blockaded the city, and, despite a determined resistance, the Athenians were forced to surrender. Athens was deprived of its fleet and in 404 B.C. a pro-Spartan Council of Thirty was installed to govern it.» (DKHistory, p.53); « The names which it comprised, some of which soon became infamously notorious were: Polyarches, Critias, Melobius, Hippolochus, Euclidas, Hiero, Mnesilochus, Chremo, Theramenes, Aresias, Diocles, Phædrias, Chærilaus, Anætius, Piso, Sophocles (not the poet, who was now dead), Eratosthenes, Charicles, Onomacles, Theognis, Æschines, Theogenes, Cleomedes, Erasistratus, Phido, Dracontides, Eumathes, Aristoteles, Hippomachus, Mnesithides. Besides these a board of Ten was appointed to govern Piræus. The party which had usurped the supreme authority at Athens, had been unfolding the real character of its domination. The first care of the Thirty was to provide themselves with instruments suited to their purposes; they filled all important posts with their creatures. The ephoralty seems to have merged in their own office. According to the new regulation the Thirty presided in person over trials held by the council: two tables were placed in front of the benches which they occupied, to receive the balls, or tokens, by which the councillors declared their verdict, and which instead of being dropped secretly into a box, were now to be openly deposited on the board, so that the Thirty might see which way every man voted. These however were not the only cases which they brought before the council, even in the early part of their reign. The persons who before the surrender of the city had been arrested on information, partly procured by bribery, and partly extorted by fear, or by the rack, charging them with a conspiracy against the state, but who had really been guilty of no offence but that of expressing their attachment to the constitution which was now abolished, were soon after brought to a mock trial, and judicially murdered. Even such executions might be considered as among the temporary evils incident to every political revolution: and there were some of the Thirty who did not wish to multiply them more than was necessary to their safety. But the greater number, and above all Critias, did not mean to stop here: and perhaps some signs of discontent soon became visible, which gave them a pretext for insisting on the need of stronger measures, and of additional safeguards. Two of their number, Æschines and Aristoteles, were deputed by common consent to Sparta, to obtain a body of troops to garrison the citadel. The ground alleged was that there were turbulent men whom it was necessary to remove before their government could be settled on a firm basis; and they undertook to maintain the garrison as long as its presence should be required. Lysander exerted his influence in their behalf, and induced the ephors to send the force which they desired, under the command of Callibius, who was invested with the authority of harmost. His arrival released Critias and his colleagues from all the restraints hitherto imposed on them by their fears of their fellow citizens. They courted him with an obsequiousness proportioned to the wantonness of the tyranny which they hoped to exercise with his sanction and aid. The footing on which they stood with him is well illustrated by a single fact. An Athenian named Autolycus, of good family and condition, who in his youth had distinguished himself by a gymnastic victory, had in some way or other offended Callibius, who, according to the Spartan usage, raised his truncheon to strike him. But Autolycus, not yet inured to such discipline, prevented the blow by bringing him to the ground. Lysander, it is said, when Callibius complained of this affront, observed that he did not know how to govern freemen. He however understood the men with whom he had principally to deal; for the Thirty soon after gratified him by putting Autolycus to death. In return for such deference he placed his troops at their disposal, to lead whom they would to prison: and now the catalogue of political offences was on a sudden terribly enlarged. The persons who were now singled out for destruction, were no longer such only as had made themselves odious by their crimes, or had distinguished themselves on former occasions by their opposition to the ruling party, but men of unblemished character, without any strong political bias, who had gained the confidence of the people by their merits or services, and might be suspected of preferring a popular government to the oligarchy under which they were living... The case of Leon is particularly remarkable for the light it throws on the policy of the oligarchs. After the arrival of the Lacedæmonian garrison they had begun to dispense with the assistance of the council; and Leon was put to death without any form of trial. But they did not think it expedient always to employ the foreign troops on their murderous errands; they often used Athenians as their ministers on such occasions, and men who did not belong to their party, for the purpose of implicating them in the guilt and odium of their proceedings. When they had resolved on the destruction of Leon, they sent for Socrates and four other persons, and ordered them to go and fetch him from Salamis. As his innocence was no less notorious than the fate which awaited him, Socrates, on leaving the presence of the Thirty, instead of obeying their commands, returned home. The rest executed their commission. These atrocities soon began to spread general alarm; for no one could perceive any principle or maxim by which they were to be limited for the future; there was on the contrary reason to apprehend that they would be continually multiplied and aggravated. Critias contended that they were now in a position which they could only maintain by force and terror; and that every man who had the means of thwarting their plans, and who was not devoted to their interest, must be treated as an enemy. They made out a list of three thousand citizens, who were to enjoy a kind of franchise which perhaps was never exactly defined; but one of its most important privileges was, that none of them should be put to death without a trial before the council. All other Athenians were outlawed, and left to the mercy of the Thirty, who might deal as they thought fit with their lives and property. Under pretext of a review all the citizens were deprived of their arms, except the knights, and the Three Thousand, who were thus enabled to cope with the rest. The Thirty now believed themselves completely secure, and grew more and more reckless in the indulgence of their rapacity and cruelty. In the low state to which the Athenian finances were reduced, the maintenance of the garrison was a burden which they found it difficult to support; and, among other extraordinary means of raising supplies, it appears that they resorted to the spoliation of the temples. But this was an expedient which probably required some caution and secrecy, and which could not be carried beyond certain limits. One which perhaps appeared both safer and more productive was suggested by Piso and Theognis, two of their number, who observed that several of the resident aliens were known to be ill-affected to the oligarchy, and thus afforded a pretext for plundering the whole class. The proposition was adopted; and Theramenes was invited to single out his prey with the rest: but he refused to stain his hands with this innocent blood. It was however resolved to begin by taking ten lives; and, for the sake of covering the real motive, two of the victims were to be poor men, who would therefore be supposed to have suffered for some political offence. They emulated the ancient tyrants, who had often removed the lowest class of the commonalty, for whom it was difficult to find employment, from the capital into the country, and prohibited all Athenians who were not on the list of the Three Thousand from entering the city. But by the oligarchs this step seems not to have been adopted so much with a view to their safety, as to increase the facility of rapine and murder. They continued to send out their emissaries to seize the persons and confiscate the property of the citizens, who were now scattered by their decree over Attica. The greater part of the outcasts took refuge in Piræus; but when it was found that neither the populous town, nor their rural retreats, could shelter them from the inquisition of their oppressors, numbers began to seek an asylum in foreign cities; and Argos, Megara, and Thebes, were soon crowded with Athenian exiles... » (HH, IV, p.2-9).
« Thrasybulus, like Alcibiades, had been formally banished by the Thirty; though it is not certain that he was at Athens when their government was established. He was however at Thebes when their furious tyranny began to drive the citizens by hundreds into exile; and the temper now prevailing at Thebes encouraged him to undertake the deliverance of his country. Having obtained a small supply of arms and money from his Theban friends, he crossed the border with a band of about seventy refugees, and seized the fortress of Phyle, which stood on an eminence projecting from the side of Mount Parnes, with which it was connected by a narrow ridge with precipitous sides, twelve or thirteen miles from Athens... those most impious Thirty, who, for the sake of their own gain, have killed almost more of the Athenians in eight months than all the Peloponnesians in ten years’ warfare... The period intervening between the defeat of Ægospotami (October, 405 B.C.), and the re-establishment of the democracy as sanctioned by the convention concluded with Pausanias (some time in the summer of 403 B.C), presents two years of cruel and multifarious suffering to Athens. After such years of misery, it was an unspeakable relief to the Athenian population to regain possession of Athens and Attica; to exchange their domestic tyrants for a renovated democratical government; and to see their foreign enemies not merely evacuate the country, but even bind themselves by treaty to future friendly dealing.» (HH, IV, p.10-16).

Socrates in and out of the Rotunda: « Someone may wonder why I go about in private, giving advice and busying myself with the concerns of others, but do not venture to come forward in public and advise the state. I will tell you the reason of this. You have often heard me speak of an oracle or sign which comes to me, and is the divinity which Meletus ridicules in the indictment. This sign I have had ever since I was a child. The sign is a voice which comes to me and always forbids me to do something which I am going to do, but never commands me to do anything, and this is what stands in the way of my being a politician. And rightly, as I think. For I am certain, O men of Athens, that if I had engaged in politics, I should have perished long ago and done no good either to you or to myself. And don't be offended at my telling you the truth: for the truth is that no man who goes to war with you or any other multitude, honestly struggling against the commission of unrighteousness and wrong in the state, will save his life; he who will really fight for the right, if he would live even for a little while, must have a private station and not a public one. I can give you as proofs of this, not words only, but deeds, which you value more than words. Let me tell you a passage of my own life, which will prove to you that I should never have yielded to injustice from any fear of death, and that if I had not yielded I should have died at once. I will tell you a story - tasteless, perhaps, and commonplace, but nevertheless true. The only office of state which I ever held, O men of Athens, was that of senator; the tribe Antiochis, which is my tribe, had the presidency at the trial of the generals who had not taken up the bodies of the slain after the battle of Arginusae; and you proposed to try them all together, which was illegal, as you all thought afterwards; but at the time I was the only one of the Prytanes who was opposed to the illegality, and I gave my vote against you; and when the orators threatened to impeach and arrest me, and have me taken away, and you called and shouted, I made up my mind that I would run the risk, having law and justice with me, rather than take part in your injustice because I feared imprisonment and death. This happened in the days of the democracy. But when the oligarchy of the Thirty was in power, they sent for me and four others into the rotunda, and bade us bring Leon the Salaminian from Salamis, as they wanted to execute him. This was a specimen of the sort of commands which they were always giving with the view of implicating as many as possible in their crimes; and then I showed, not in words only, but in deed, that, if I may be allowed to use such an expression, I cared not a straw for death, and that my only fear was the fear of doing an unrighteous or unholy thing. For the strong arm of that oppressive power did not frighten me into doing wrong; and when we came out of the rotunda the other four went to Salamis and fetched Leon, but I went quietly home. For which I might have lost my life, had not the power of the Thirty shortly afterwards come to an end. And to this many will witness.» (Plato, Ap., 31c4-32e1, tr. by Jowett, B.).

Saturn two three cycles revolved, In April, May: Saturn having revolved 2+3=5 times in the sign where the Sun is in Avril and May, namely in Taurus (cf.Ionescu, 1976, p.262) during the period of 1555-2000 [Paris, LMT] as follows:
1557.4.23-1559.6.8,
1586.6.20-1588.8.25,
1616.4.21-1618.6.6,
1646.2.22-1648.4.12,
1675.4.9-1677.5.25,
1705.1.29-1707.3.29,
1734.3.28-1736.5.13,
1763.5.6-1765.6.23,
1793.3.12-1795.4.30,
1822.4.22-1824.6.8,
1851.6.3-1853.7.29,
1881.4.5-1883.5.25,
1911.1.20-1913.3.26,
1940.3.20-1942.5.8,
1969.4.29-1971.6.18,
1998.6.9-2000.8.10.

Of these cases, that of 1793.3.12-1795.4.30 concerns the French Revolution and that of 1940.3.20-1942.5.8 relates to the Nazi regime, and the lapse of the time between them is equal to the 5 cycles of Saturn in Taurus. Therefore, the initial word “Again (encor = encore)” designates the theme of this quatrain as mainly pertaining to the Nazi regime, whereby the seemingly ingenious interpretation by Ionescu (id., p.262-265) who concentrates solely upon the French Revolution is literally half-done.

The sacred temples shall be polluted and pillaged by a senate of the Rotunda: « 1789 Nov: 2nd, nationalisation of property of church in France.» (Williams, 1968, p.54); « THE PROPERTY OF THE CLERGY ABSORBED Twenty months now elapsed of comparative tranquillity. There is no striking event; much intrigue, indeed, fiery debating, the training, dividing, and forming of parties. The revolutionary monster slumbered, stirring at times, and showing life by starts, but not awakening fully. La Fayette possessed most power out of the assembly; and he exercised it with a firmness, a disinterestedness, and courage that did him immortal honour. His first act was to drive the duke of Orleans to exile. It is not well known whether his departure was procured by menace or inducement. His absence had certainly the effect of allowing agitation to subside. On October 10th [1789], the assembly renewed the discussion concerning the goods of the clergy. The abolition of tithes had concluded the first part of this discussion. It remained to come to some decision regarding the livings. It was a noble who proposed that church goods should belong to the nation, it was a bishop who took up the motion – the bishop of Autun, Talleyrand de Périgord, a young prelate of good family, very witty, a Voltairian of rather loose morals, and one who joined the revolutionists merely through ambition and a desire to join in anything. His political role, like that of La Fayette, was not to finish for more than forty years after '89, but this was the only connection there existed between the two roles. The high morality of La Fayette never changed. With Talleyrand it was quite the contrary. He began by serving the Revolution well. He presented the assembly with a plan by which the nation could put its hand on the whole of the church property and gain a revenue of one hundred millions. These properties could be sold to pay up a great many judicial salaries owing and to make up deficits. Mirabeau and the other deputies, though accepting the principles, modified the proposition of Talleyrand. The greater part of the bishops made determined resistance. On Mirabeau's proposition, the assembly declared November 2nd, by a majority of 568 against 346, that all church goods should be at the national disposal, but that the nation was to provide for expenses of public worship, salaries for ministers, and the relief of the poor [The state was anthorised to sell church property to the amount of 400,000,000 livres. The purchasers were the lower middle classes in the country, who thus became attached to the Revolution.]. So ended the Clergy Act. The clergy were no longer an order in the state, they were only a class of citizens charged with looking after public worship. After two days of stormy discussion it was decreed, February 13th, 1790, that the law no longer recognised monastic vows, that the orders and congregations of both sexes should be suppressed in France. The assembly, in striking at institutions, took every care of individuals, and showed neither violence nor harshness. It also made a considerable exception to its decree. It did not touch, provisionally, orders or congregations charged with public education or the care of the sick. Those powerful monastic institutions, which had played so considerable a role in France and Europe since the commencement of the Middle Ages, were not utterly to disappear. Uprooted in tlie eighteenth century, they took root again in the nineteenth. The struggle between the modern spirit and that of the past was not ended by a single victory.» (HH, XII, p.223-225 )

« THE POLICY OF EXTERMINATION The advance of the allies against Paris, and the ridiculous threats of the émigrés, which were strengthened by the signature and authority of the duke of Brunswick, gave great weight to the principle advocated by Danton and Marat, who maintained that there was no other means of rescuing the cause of freedom and the national honour than by a war of extermination carried on by the poor against the rich, and the uneducated against the educated classes. From the 10th of August [1792] the doctrine was universally preached that everything old must be thoroughly extirpated, and the religion and morality of former times put in abeyance till a new order of things was founded; and both Robespierre and Danton acted on this principle to its fullest extent. Horrible as it may seem, it is yet perfectly true that Danton, as minister of justice, employed the administration of the sacred duty with which he was intrusted for the protection of his fellow-citizens, for their murder, and the funds of the state for the payment and reward of the murderers. The national assembly made preparations for another St. Bartholomew's day in the beginning of September... The tribunal of the 10th of August was a prelude to those of the Revolution, and the mere mention of some decrees which were issued by the legislative assembly at the end of August will show the manner in which, and the reason why the legislative assembly was used in order to seize upon individuals, who were afterwards murdered without trial or sentence in the September massacres. First, by the resolution of the 26th of August, the clergy were devoted to death, and on the 28th and 29th care was afterwards taken that no one who was disaffected to the reigning system should escape the eyes of the demagogues. It was decreed that domiciliary visits should be made throughout the whole kingdom, in order to drag to light the persons suspected by the clubs; next, nightly searches were ordered to be made through all the houses of Paris, and everyone was threatened with death who should offer the least obstruction to the agents of the provisional government in tracing out and discovering their enemies. The commune completed this general law by a municipal order. It resolved that every house should be lighted in the evening, and no one be allowed to drive in the streets after ten o'clock. The most dreadful of all these regulations, however, and one whose scope and object was not made obvious till the September days, was that by virtue of which all needy but able-bodied men were put in requisition, because the commune might require their services (for the September massacre), and to whom therefore a daily allowance in money was given as a retaining fee. As the day appointed for the massacre approached, a feeling of universal dread was diffused by the preparations made for the event. The barriers on all the approaches to the city were closed; patrols were constantly on foot around the whole circuit of Paris, and all suspected persons who had an appearance of seeking safety by flight were detained and arrested. What is most horrible is that Danton, as minister of justice, had devised and arranged the whole affair, with that cold-blooded and diplomatic political wisdom which he had learned from Talleyrand and Mirabeau. As it was quite impossible even for the tribunal of the 10th of August to condemn whole masses of human beings, he adopted the very original idea of collecting together a number of people from the wine-houses, who in this night of slaughter and death were to assume the office of judges, and in the midst of intoxication and clamour to condemn or apparently acquit those devoted to destruction.» (HH, XII, p. 269-270)

« THE SEPTEMBER MASSACRES The 2nd of September was a Sunday. A rumour was prematurely spread that Verdun had surrendered (it surrendered later that day). The excitement was intense; the streets were crowded, people sought places of safety, and cries of " death to traitors ! " were heard on all sides. The assembly, seized with the universal frenzy, decreed that all who should refuse to serve, either in person or by contributing arms, should be punished with death. " This is not the time for talking," says Vergniaud, " we must dig the enemy's grave, else every step he advances he digs ours." "Everything upheaves, everything totters," shouts Danton, " let one part of the people so to the frontiers, another dig trenches, and the third defend the heart of the town with pikes. The tocsin which rings is no alarm signal, it sounds the charge upon the enemies of the nation. To defeat them, gentlemen, it needs boldness, still more boldness, always boldness, and France is saved." In answer to these startling phrases the commune had the following placard posted everywhere: " To arms, citizens, to arms ! the enemy is at our gates. The council of the commune has decreed that the gates be shut, that all citizens betake themselves to the Champ-de-Mars to form an army that shall hold itself in readiness to march upon the enemy; all suspected persons will be arrested," etc. At the same time alarm guns were fired, the muster was beaten and the tocsin rung; the whole town was afoot — sections, commune, and assembly. The assembly now sent twelve deputies to work at the Montmartre camp; the commune distributed its members throughout the sections to stir up the popular fury; the sections were full of excitement, and three amongst them doomed all prisoners to death in a body. Then a rumour was whispered abroad that the royalists were advancing on the prisons and going to deliver the town up to the Prussians — an absurd fiction, blindly swallowed by the populace. " To the prisons ! " — this cry resounded with unanimous and fearful spontaneity in the streets, public places, and wherever there were gatherings of the people; and even in the national assembly itself. “ Let not a single enemy remain behind, living, to rejoice in our defeats and to strike at our women and children." At this moment 24 priests were led by federals from the Hôtel-de-Ville to the Abbaye, amidst the hootings of the furious mob; four were killed on the way, and all the others — with the exception of Abbé Sicard, the founder of the deaf and dumb institute — had their throats cut in the courtyard by an armed party under the command of Maillard. The assassins then directed their ruthless steps to the Carmelites and to St. Firmin, where 244 priests were shot or cut down with swords, in the garden and in the church; only 49 succeeded in escaping. Then a return was made to the Abbaye, where 38 Swiss and 26 of the king's guard were massacred. A species of tribunal now was formed under Maillard, the prison register consulted, and after a summary interrogation, the prisoners were either killed or liberated. Seventy-seven prisoners were led out, 45 were restored to liberty " by the judgment of the people " (that is the expression of the prison register, preserved to this day); 32 were condemned to death by judgment of tne people, and executed on the spot. In addition 27 priests were slaughtered; they were asked simply to swear to an oath, which they refused to do. The condemned were hustled out of the court into the yard, where they were hacked to pieces amidst the infuriated cries of a multitude of spectators, with swords and pikes. The acquitted were embraced by the blood-stained executioners to the accompaniment of cries of " Long live the nation ! " and then conducted to their homes. A member of the commune, Billaud-Varennes, walked on the corpses, and shouted to the murderers: " You are saving the country, my brave citizens; go on with your work ! " and he had wine distributed amongst them and promised each one 25 livres for his "work."» (HH, XII, p. 270-271)

Again shall be polluted the sacred temples, And pillaged by a senate of the Rotunda: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with. There were only just over half a million Jews in Germany, a tiny proportion of the population, but Hitler decided to use them as scapegoats for everything – the humiliation at Versailles, the depression, unemployment and communism – and claimed that there was a world Jewish plot. Lots of Germans were in such a desperate situation that they were prepared to accept the propaganda about the Jews and were not sorry to see thousands of them removed from their jobs as lawyers, doctors, teachers and journalists. The campaign was given legal status by the Nuremberg Laws (1935), which deprived Jews of their German citizenship, forbade them to marry non-Jews (to preserve the purity of the Aryan race) and ruled that even a person with only one Jewish grandparent must be classed as a Jew. Later the policy became more extreme. Jews were harassed in every possible way; their property was attacked and burnt, shops looted, synagogues destroyed, and they themselves herded into concentration camps. Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race. As the Germans occupied countries such as Czechoslovakia, Poland and western Russia, he was able to lay his hands on non-German Jews as well. It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered, most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps.» (Lowe, 1988, p.143).

Peoples of a new leaven: = The rationalistic Atheists of the National Convention and the thoroughgoing Racists of the Nazi; « THE WORSHIP OF REASON Of the three institutions which the Revolution desired to modify or destroy — the throne, the nobility, and the religion of the state — there remained standing only the religion of the state, because, taking refuge in conscience, and amalgamating itself with the very idea, it was impossible for its persecutors to follow it so far. The civil constitution of the clergy; the oath imposed upon the priests; that oath declared schism by the court of Rome; the retractations which the mass of the priests had made of this oath to remain attached to the Catholic centre; the expulsion of these refractory priests from their presbyteries and their churches; the installation of a national and republican clergy in the place of these faithful ministers to Rome; the persecution against these rebel ecclesiastics to the law, for remaining obedient to the faith, their imprisonment, their proscription, en mass, on board the vessels of the republic at Rochefort — all these quarrels, all this violence, all these exiles, all these executions, and all these martyrdoms of Catholic priests, had swept away in appearance the ancient worship from the face of the republic. The constitutional worship - a palpable inconsequence of sworn priests, who exercised a pretended Catholicism in spite of the spiritual chief of Catholicism, was nothing more than a sacred toy which the convention had left to the country people in order not to destroy their customs too suddenly. But the impatient philosophers of the convention, of the Jacobins, and of the commune, felt indignant at this resemblance to religion, which survived, in the eyes of the people, religion itself. The greater number openly proclaimed atheism as the only doctrine worthy of intrepid spirits in the material logic of the period. The leaders of the commune, and above all Chaumette and Hebert, encouraged in the people these seditions against all worship. They demanded brilliant apostacies from the priests, and often obtained them. Some ecclesiastics, many under the empire of fear, others from real incredulity, ascended the chair to declare that they had been until then impostors. Acclamations awaited these renegades from the altar. The once sacred ceremonies were derisively parodied. They dressed an ox or an ass in pontifical ornaments; they paraded these through the streets; they drank wine from the chalice, and shut the church. They wrote upon the gate of the place of the sepulchre, sommeil éternel (eternal rest). In a few months the immense matériel of Catliolic worship — cathedrals, churches, monasteries, presbyteries, towers, belfries, ministers, and ceremonies — had disappeared. They desired to possess themselves of the temples, to offer them a new worship, a kind of renewed paganism, whose dogmas were but images, whose adoration was but a ceremonial, and whose divinity supreme was but Reason become in its own person its own God, and adoring itself in its attributes. The laws of the convention, which continued to salary the national Catholic worship, opposed themselves to this violent invasion of this philosophical religion of Chaumette in the cathedral and in the churches of Paris. It was incumbent to cause these ancient buildings to be evacuated by a voluntary renunciation of the constitutional bishop and his clergy. An equivalent salary was assured to the principals amongst them, or more lucrative functions in the civil and military administrations of the republic. Hope and threats wrung from them their resignation. Chaumette exclaimed that the day when Reason resumed her empire merited a place to itself in the epochs of the Revolution. He demanded that the committee of Public Instruction should bestow in the new calendar a place to the "Day of Reason." This abdication of exterior Catholicism by the priests of a nation surrounded for so many ages by the power of this worship, is one of the most characteristic acts of the spirit of the Revolution. The bells, those sonorous voices of Christian temples, were cast into money or cannon. The directors of the departments forbade the institutors to pronounce the name of God in their tuition to the children of the people. The commune desired to replace the ceremonies of religion by other spectacles, to which the people flocked as they do to all novel sights. But religions do not spring up in the market-place at the voice of legislators or demagogues. The religion of Chaumette and the commune was merely a popular opera transferred from the theatre to the tabernacle. The 20th of December, the day fixed for the installation of the new worship, the commune, the convention, and the authorities of Paris, went in a body to the cathedral. Chaumette, seconded by Laïs, an actor at the opera, had arranged the plan of the fête, Mademoiselle Maillard, an actress, in the full bloom of youth and talent, formerly a favourite of the queen, and high in popular admiration, had been compelled by Chaumette's threats to play the part of the divinity of the people. She entered borne on a palan- quin, the seat of which was formed of oak branches. Women dressed in white, and wearing tri-coloured girdles, preceded her. Popular societies, fraternal female societies, revolutionary committees, sections, groups of chor- isters, singers, and opera dancers encircled the throne. With the theatrical cothurni on her feet, a Phrygian cap on her head, her frame scarcely covered with a white tunic, over which a flowing cloak of sky-blue was thrown, the priestess was borne, at the sound of instruments, to the foot of the altar, and placed on the spot where the adoration of the faithful so lately sought the mystic bread transformed into a divinity. Behind her was a vast torch, emblematical of the light of philosophy, destined henceforward to be the sole flame of the interior of these temples. The actress lighted this flambeau. Chaumette, receiving the encensoir in which the perfume was burning, from the hands of the two acolytes, knelt, and waved it in the air. A mutilated statue of the Virgin was lying at his feet. Chaumette apostrophised the marble, and defied it to resume its place in the respect of the people. Dances and hymns attracted the eyes and ears of the spectators. No profanation was wanting in the old temple whose foundations were confounded with the foundations of religion and the monarchy. Forced by terror to be present at this fête, Bishop Gobel was there, in a tribune, at this parody of the mysteries which three days before he had celebrated at the same altar. Motionless from fear, tears of shame rolled down the bishop's cheeks. A similar worship was imitated in all the churches throughout the departments. The light surface of France bent before every wind from Paris. Only instead of divinities borrowed from the theatres, the representatives in mission compelled modest wives and innocent young maidens to display themselves to the adoration of the public in these spectacles. The devastation of sanctuaries, and the dispersion of relics, followed the inauguration of the allegorical worship of Chaumette.» (HH, XII, p.331-332); « The race theory was that mankind could be divided into two groups, Aryans and non-Aryans. The Aryans were the Geramns, ideally tall, blond and handsome; they were the master race destined to rule the world. All the rest, such as Slavs, coloured peoples and particularly Jews were inferior and were destined to become the slave races of the Germans.» (Lowe, id., p.136).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§790 Hitler’s reign, French occupation and Jewish holocaust (1933-1945): IV-86.

IV-86 (§790):

In the year when Saturn shall be in water conjunct,
With the Sun, the mighty and powerful King:
In Reims and Aix shall be received and anointed,
After conquests he shall murder innocents.

(L'an que Saturne en eaue sera conjoinct,
Avecques Sol, le Roy fort & puissant:
A Reims & Aix sera receu & oingt,
Apres conquestes meurtrira innocens.)

NOTES: Water (eaue): « In theory, this word could refer to any of four zodiacal signs – Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces (the three water triplicities) and Aquarius, the Water-carrier.» (Ovason, 1997, p.212). According to the zodiacal terminology of Nostradamus this term must be identified with Aquarius (Verseau) like the same case of ‘water (eau)’ (VIII-49), together with the examples of ‘urn (urne)’ (IX-73 and X-50), other possible options of it being nominally designated in the Prophecies of Nostradamus as ‘Cancer’ (V-98, VI-4, VI-6, VI-24, VI-35, VIII-48 and X-67), ‘Pisces’ (VIII-91) or ‘Poissons (Fishes)’ (II-5, II-48)’ and ‘Scorpion (I-52)’. The unique option of ‘trine, trigon (the aquatic triplicity = Cancer, Scorpion and Pisces)’ for it must be rejected because the zodiacal place of any planetary conjunction in such a context must be one sign and, besides, Nostradamus employs properly the technical term: ‘the aquatic triplicity’ (l’aquatique triplicité) in the quatrain I-50.

The year when Saturn shall be in water conjunct, With the Sun: There are 36 years of this astronomical determination during the period of 1555-2000 as follows: 1580, 1581, 1609, 1610, 1611, 1639, 1640, 1668, 1669, 1670, 1698, 1699, 1727, 1728, 1729, 1757, 1758, 1786, 1787, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1845, 1846, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1904, 1905, 1933, 1934, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1992 and 1993.

In Reims and Aix shall be received and anointed: « Reims and Aix-la-Chapelle [Aachen] having been in the time of Nostradamus the two cities where were effectuated the coronations of the French kings and of the German emperors, the mighty and powerful King in question shall therefore have succeeded in uniting the two kingdoms.» (Brind’Amour, 1993, p.260).

Now, in the period previously mentioned there have been only five regimes that have united France (Reims) and Germany (Aachen) under one sovereignty, namely:

1° the National Convention by the Peace of Basel with Prussia which admitted the left bank of the Rhine to France (5 April – 26 October, 1795, by the dissolution of the National Convention).
2° the Directoire succeeding the National Convention (27 October 1795 – 9 November 1799 by 18 Brumaire); « Austria having, by the Treaty of Campo-Formio (17 October 1797), approved the French possession of the left bank of the Rhine » (L. & A. Mirot, 1947, p.426 ).
3° Napoleon Bonaparte succeeding the Directoire (10 November 1799 – 30 May 1814 by the First Peace of Paris).
4° William I occupying France (18 January – 10 May 1871 by the Peace of Frankfurt) and
5° Adolf Hitler defeating France (22 June 1940 – 25 August 1944 by the Allied Liberation of Paris).

The mighty and powerful King: Of the five sovereigns above, only Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler are to be retained as pertaining to the years in question: namely, Napoleon to 1815 because he then abdicated and was exiled into St. Helena, and Hitler to 1933 and 1934 because he then became Chancellor (Jan. 1933) and Führer (Aug. 1934). And according to the grammatically possible contextual structure of the verses: “the mighty and powerful King” “in Aachen shall be received and anointed and in Reims shall be received and anointed” Hitler is only to be identified with the King in question because later in 1940 he will occupy the French Republic (Reims), while Napoleon in the year in question will have lost utterly his power. Ordinary interpreters will say that in the year of the Saturn’s conjunction with the Sun in Aquarius there shall take place the King’s coronation in Reims and Aachen at once. But, the coordinate conjunction “and (&)”, only with a general meaning of logical coexistence, does not categorically determine the chronological connotations of simultaneity, linear sequence, etc., so that the reading of the precedence of the coronation in Aachen and the following one in Reims is not grammatically impossible.

In Aachen he shall be received and anointed: « There was some complicated manoeuvring involving Papen and Schleicher who persuaded President Hindenburg, now completely senile, to dismiss Chancellor Brüning and appoint Papen himself as Chancellor. They hoped to bring Hitler in as Vice-Chancellor, but he would settle for nothing less than himself as Chancellor. In January 1933, therefore, they persuaded Hindenburg to invite Hitler to become Chancellor [shall be received] with Papen as Vice-Chancellor, even though the Nazis had by then lost ground in the elections of November 1932. Papen still believed Hitler could be controlled and remarked to a friend: ‘In two months we’ll have pushed Hitler into a corner so hard that he’ll be squeaking.’ In fact, therefore, Hitler was able to come to power legally because all the other parties including the Reichswehr failed to recognise the danger from the Nazis and therefore failed to unite in opposition.» (Lowe, 1988, p.135); « The legal basis of his power was the Enabling Law which was forced through the Reichstag on 23 March 1933. This stated that the government could introduce laws without the approval of the Reichstag for the next four years, ignore the constitution and sign agreements with foreign countries. All laws would be drafted by the Chancellor and come into operation the day they were published.» (Lowe, id, p.137); « When President Hindenburg died [August 1934], the Reichswehr agreed that Hitler should become President as well as Chancellor. (He preferred to use the title Führer – leader.)» (Lowe, id, p.143); « 1934 Aug: 2nd, death of Paul von Hindenburg (aged 87); 19th, German plebiscite approves vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler as Führer.» (Williams, 1968, p.544).

In Reims he shall be received and anointed: = the victory of Hitler over France in June 1940; « The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940] and again Blitzkrieg methods brought swift victories. The Dutch, shaken by the bombing of Rotterdam which killed almost a thousand people, surrendered after only four days. Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May left the British and French troops in Belgium perilously exposed as German motorised divisions swept across northern France; only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands... The events at Dunkirk were important: a third of a million troops were rescued to fight again and Churchill used it for propaganda purposes to boost British morale with the ‘Dunkirk spirit’. In fact it was a serious blow for the Allies: the armies at Dunkirk had lost all their arms and equipment so that it became impossible for Britain to help France. The Germans now swept southwards; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June. At Hitler’s insistence the armistice was signed at Compiègne in the same railway coach which had been used for the 1918 armistice. The Germans occupied northern France and the Atlantic coast, giving them valuable submarine bases, and the French army was demobilised. Unoccupied France was allowed its own government under Marshall Pétain at Vichy, but it had no real independence and collaborated with the Germans.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252).

The term ‘anointed’ in Nostradamus is used beyond the traditional meaning to express figuratively ‘gaining the sovereign power of a country’: for example, the quatrain VI-24 predicts the investiture of Richard Nixon with the Presidency of the United States in terms of « sera nouveau Roy oingt (shall be a new King anointed)».

Conquests: « German expansion Between September 1939 and August 1942 Nazi German forces conquered most of mainland Europe, seizing control of an area from Norway to Crete, and from France to the Black Sea. Britain remained free of German domination, but was subjected to air attacks. Nazi U-boats also preyed on Britain’s shipping lanes.» (DKHistory, p.388).

After conquests he shall murder innocents: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with. There were only just over half a million Jews in Germany, a tiny proportion of the population, but Hitler decided to use them as scapegoats for everything – the humiliation at Versailles, the depression, unemployment and communism – and claimed that there was a world Jewish plot. Lots of Germans were in such a desperate situation that they were prepared to accept the propaganda about the Jews and were not sorry to see thousands of them removed from their jobs as lawyers, doctors, teachers and journalists. The campaign was given legal status by the Nuremberg Laws (1935), which deprived Jews of their German citizenship, forbade them to marry non-Jews (to preserve the purity of the Aryan race) and ruled that even a person with only one Jewish grandparent must be classed as a Jew. Later the policy became more extreme. Jews were harassed in every possible way; their property was attacked and burnt, shops looted, synagogues destroyed, and they themselves herded into concentration camps. Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race. As the Germans occupied countries such as Czechoslovakia, Poland and western Russia, he was able to lay his hands on non-German Jews as well [After conquests he shall murder innocents]. It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered, most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps.» (Lowe, 1988, p.143).

As to the interpretation by Ionescu (Ionescu, 1993, p.236-238) hoping farsighted the advent in 2023-2024 of the ‘Great Celtic Monarch’, the line 4 appears annoying him: « Apres conquestes meurtrira innocens (After conquests he will bruise the guiltless). Bruising the innocent does not sound like what the world had been led to expect from the great Henry, so it may be that Nostradamus has succeeded in so obscuring himself that he is sullying his own hero.» (Boswell, 1941, p.297). It is really not his hero, but one of Antichrists. Moreover, the annoying effect will far more increase if he follows the most reliable texts with the word: “innocens (innocents, the guiltless, the innocent)” in place of his chosen one with “innocent (an innocent)”, which he translates faithfully as follows: “une personnalité en réalité innocente (one personality in reality innocent)”. The line 4 is truly significant because it is predicting the post-fighting murder of multiple innocent people rather than any killing in fighting. This behavior is one of the most evident characteristics of a demonic power.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§789 The Weimar Republic; Hitler in power (1919-1939): III-76.

III-76 (§789):

In Germany shall be born diverse sects,
Approaching much to the happy paganism,
The captive heart and small revenues,
shall return to the payment of the true tithe.

(En Germanie naistront diverses sectes,
S'approchans fort de l'heureux paganisme,
Le cueur captif & petites receptes,
Feront retour à payer le vray disme.)

NOTES: The first hemistich of the quatrain deals with the Weimar Republic with proportional representation in failure in Germany and the second concerns Hitler’s totalitarian policies with success.

Paganism: = « PAGANIISME. n.m. Nom donné par les chrétiens de la fin de l’empire romain aux cultes polythéistes (Paganism. A name given by the Christians of the end of the Roman Empire to the polytheistic cults).» (Petit Robert).

Happy: = Irresponsible; « happy a. (as suf.) irresponsible about (
TRIGGER-happy).» (Sykes).

In Germany shall be born diverse sects, Approaching much to the happy paganism: « The parliamentary system laid down in the new Weimar constitution had weakness, the most serious of which was that it was organised on a system of proportional representation so that all political groups would have a fair representation. Unfortunately there were so many different groups that no party could ever win an overall majority. For example in 1928 the Reichstag (lower house of parliament) contained at least eight groups of which the largest were the Social Democrats (153), conservatives or nationalists (78), and the Catholic Centre Party (62). The communists had 54 seats, while the smallest groups were the Bavarian People’s Party (16) and the National Socialists (12). A succession of coalition governments was inevitable, with the Socialist Democrats having to rely on co-operation from left-wing liberals and Catholic Centre; no party was able to carry out its programme.» (Lowe, 1988, p.127).

« The Weimar Republic was constantly plagued by economic problems, which the government failed to solve permanently: (i) In 1919 Germany was close to bankruptcy because of the enormous expense of the war which had lasted for longer than most people had expected. (ii) Her attempts to pay reparations instalments made matters worse. In August 1921, after paying the £50 million due, she requested permission to suspend payments until her economy recovered. France refused and in 1922 Germany could not manage the full annual payment. (iii) In January 1923 French troops occupied the Ruhr (an important German industrial area) in an attempt to seize goods from factories and mines. The German government ordered the workers to follow a policy of passive resistance, and German industry in the Ruhr was paralysed. The French had failed in their aim, but the effect on the German economy was catastrophic and the mark collapsed. The normal rate of exchange was 4 marks to the dollar, but even before the Ruhr occupation reparations difficulties had caused the mark to fall in value so that by 1922 a dollar would buy 191.8 marks. By July 1923, with the Ruhr at a standstill, a dollar would buy 160,000 marks, and at the end of November 1923 the mark was completely worthless at 4,200,000 million to the dollar. It was only when the new Chancellor, Gustav Stresemann, introduced a new currency known as the Rentenmark, in 1924, that the financial situation finally stabilised. The economic situation improved dramatically in the years after 1924, largely thanks to the Dawes Plan of that year which provided an immediate loan from the USA equivalent to £40 million, relaxed the fixed reparations payments and in effect allowed Germany to pay what she could afford; French troops withdrew from the Ruhr. The currency was stabilised, there was a boom in such industries as iron, steel, coal, chemicals and electricals, and wealthy landowners and industrialists were quite happy with the republic. But behind this success there was a fatal weakness. (iv) The prosperity was much more dependent than most people realised on American loans. (v) Following the Wall Street Crash (October 1929 the world economic crisis was developed. The USA stopped ant further loans and began to call in money of the short-term loans already made to Germany. This shook the currency and caused a run on the banks, many of which had to close. The industrial boom had led to world-wide over-production, and German exports, along with those of other countries, were severely reduced. Factories had to close, and by the middle of 1931 unemployment was approaching four million. Sadly for Germany, Gustav Stresemann, the politician best equipped to deal with the situation, died of a heart attack in October 1929 at the early age of 51. (vi) The government of Chancellor Brüning (Catholic Centre Party) reduced social services, unemployment benefit, and salaries and pensions of government officials, and stopped reparations payments. High tariffs were introduced to keep out foreign foodstuffs and thus help German farmers, while the government bought shares in factories hit by the slump. However, these measures did not produce quick results: unemployment continued to grow and by the spring of 1932 it stood at over six million. The government came under criticism from almost all groups in society, especially industrialists and the working class who demanded more decisive action. The loss of working-class support because of increasing unemployment and the reduction of unemployment benefit was a serious blow to the republic. By the end of 1932 the Weimar Republic had thus been brought to the verge of collapse. Even so it might have survived if there had been no other options.» (Lowe, id., p.129-133).

The captive heart and small revenues, shall return to the payment of the true tithe: The Germans by their support to the attractive Nazi policies recovered economic strength so as to be able to pay their ordinary tithe, which they could not afford under the Republic government because of small income or mass unemployment: « Hitler and the Nazi party offered what seemed to be an attractive alternative just when the republic was at its most incapable. The fortunes of the Nazi party were linked closely to the economic situation: the more unstable the economy, the more seats the Nazis won in the Reichstag: March 1924 – 32 seats (economy still unstable after 1923 inflation); December 1924 – 14 seats (economy recovering after Dawes Plan); 1928 – 12 seats (comparative prosperity); 1930 – 107 seats (unemployment mounting – Nazis second largest party); July 1932 – 230 seats (massive unemployment – Nazis largest single party). There is no doubt that the rise of Hitler and the Nazis, fostered by the economic crisis, was one of the most important factors in the downfall of the republic.» (Lowe, id, p.133).

« What was it about the Nazis that made them so popular? (i) They offered national unity, prosperity and full employment by ridding Germany of what they claimed were the real causes of the troubles – Marxists, the ‘November criminals’ (those who had agreed to the armistice in November 1918 and later the Versailles Treaty), Jesuites, Freemasons and, above all, Jews. Great play was made in Nazi propaganda with the ‘stab in the back’ myth (In 1919, the view was widespread that the army had not been defeated: it had been betrayed – ‘stabbed in the back’ – by the democrats who had needlessly agreed to the Versailles Treaty. What most Germans did not realise was that it was Ludendorff who had asked for an armistice while the Kaiser was still in power. However, the ‘stab in the back’ legend was eagerly fostered by all enemies of the republic [id., p.127].). (ii) They promised to overthrow the Versailles settlement, so unpopular with most Germans, and to build Germany into a great power again. This would include bringing all Germans (in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland) back into the Reich. (iii) The Nazi private army, the SA (Sturmabteilung – Storm Troopers), was attractive to young people out of work [The captive heart]; it gave them a small wage [small revenues] and a uniform. (iv) Wealthy landowners and industrialists encouraged the Nazis because they feared a communist revolution and they approved of the Nazi policy of hostility to communists. (v) Hitler himself had extraordinary political abilities. He possessed tremendous energy and will power and a remarkable gift for public speaking which enabled him to put forward his ideas with great emotional force. (vi) The striking contrast between the governments of the Weimar Republic and the Nazi party impressed people: the former were cautious, respectable, dull and unable to maintain order, the latter promised strong, decisive government and the restoration of national pride – an irresistible combination. (vii) Without the economic crisis though, it is doubtful whether Hitler would have had much chance of attaining power; it was the widespread unemployment and social misery which gained the Nazis mass support, not only among the working classes but also among the lower-middle classes – office workers, shopkeepers, civil servants, teachers and small-scale farmers.» (Lowe, id, p.133-134).

« A small clique of right-wing politicians with support from the Reichswehr decided to bring Hitler into a coalition government with the conservatives and nationalists. The main conspirators were Franz von Papen and Kurt von Schleicher. Their reasons for this momentous decision were: (i) They were afraid of the Nazis attempting to seize power by a Putsch. (ii) They believed they could control Hitler better inside the government than if he remained outside it. (iii) The Nazi votes in the Reichstag would give them a majority, which might make possible a restoration of the monarchy, and a return to the system which had existed under Bismarck (Chancellor 1870-90), in which the Reichstag had much less power. Though this would destroy the Weimar Republic, they were prepared to go ahead because it would give them a better chance of controlling the communists.» (Lowe, id, p.134-135).

« There was some complicated manoeuvring involving Papen and Schleicher who persuaded President Hindenburg, now completely senile, to dismiss Chancellor Brüning and appoint Papen himself as Chancellor. They hoped to bring Hitler in as Vice-Chancellor, but he would settle for nothing less than himself as Chancellor. In January 1933, therefore, they persuaded Hindenburg to invite Hitler to become Chancellor with Papen as Vice-Chancellor, even though the Nazis had by then lost ground in the elections of November 1932. Papen still believed Hitler could be controlled and remarked to a friend: ‘In two months we’ll have pushed Hitler into a corner so hard that he’ll be squeaking.’ In fact, therefore, Hitler was able to come to power legally because all the other parties including the Reichswehr failed to recognise the danger from the Nazis and therefore failed to unite in opposition.» (Lowe, id, p.135).

« The legal basis of his power was the Enabling Law which was forced through the Reichstag on 23 March 1933. This stated that the government could introduce laws without the approval of the Reichstag for the next four years, ignore the constitution and sign agreements with foreign countries. All laws would be drafted by the Chancellor and come into operation the day they were published... How was it achieved? The method was typical of the Nazis. The Kroll Opera House (where the Reichstag had been meeting since the fire [on the night of 27 February 1933]) was surrounded by the black-shirted SS troops, and MPs had to push their way through solid ranks to get into the building. The 81 communist MPs were simply not allowed to pass (many were in jail already). Inside the building rows of brown-shirted SA troops lined the walls. It took courage to vote against the bill in such surroundings with the SS outside chanting ‘We want the bill, or fire and murder’. When the Catholic Centre Parry decided to vote in favour, the result was a foregone conclusion: it passed by 441 votes to 94 (all Social Democrats).» (Lowe, id, p.137).

« Hitler’s policies were popular with many sections of the German people. Hitler was successful in eliminating unemployment. This was probably the most important reason for his popularity with the masses. When he came to power the unemployment figure still stood at over six million but as early as July 1935 it had dropped to under two million and by 1939 it had disappeared completely. How was this achieved? The public works schemes provided thousands of extra jobs. A large party bureaucracy was set up now that the Nazi party was expanding so rapidly, providing thousands of extra office and administrative posts. There were purges of Jews and anti-Nazis from the civil service and many other jobs connected with law, teaching, journalism, broadcasting, the theatre and music, leaving large numbers of vacancies. Conscription was reintroduced in 1935. Rearmament was begun in 1934 and gradually speeded up. Thus Hitler had provided what the unemployed had been demanding in their 1932 marches: work and bread (Arbeit und Brot).» (Lowe, id, p.140-141).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§788 The two dictators: their ambition and destruction (1922-1945): IV-59.

IV-59 (§788):

The two personalities with ardent fervour,
Of ambitions shall be besieged and destroyed in exchange for two full cups:
The filed strong one, and an old dreamer,
Shall show their trace of Higher Descent to the Genevans.

(Deux assiegés en ardante ferveur,
De soif estainctz pour deux plaines tasses:
Le fort limé, & un viellart resveur,
Aux Genevois de Nira monstra trasse.

NOTES: Deux assiegés (The two besieged): = The two persons who are destined to be besieged later. This figure of Nostradamus is truly prophesying = « Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany » (Lamont, 1944, p.149) = « Hitler and Mussolini » (Ionescu, 1976, p.490).

Deux assiegés en ardante ferveur, De soif estainctz pour deux plaines tasses: The construction is as follows: Deux [personnes] en ardante ferveur de soif [seront] assiegés [et] estainctz pour deux plaines tasses (The two personalities with ardent fervour, Of ambitions shall be besieged and destroyed in exchange for two full cups), “estainctz (extinguished in the plural)” predicating “deux (the two)”, not “soif (thirst)”.

Two full cups: Their territorial expansion by military aggression following their first « conquest by acquiring Ethiopia and Czechoslovakia » (Lamont, id.); « Mussolini sought to revive Italian national pride and to increase his own personal power by extending Italy’s territory on the Adriatic and enlarging its African empire. His invasion of Ethiopia provoked outrage from countries worldwide.» (Edmonds, 2000, p.47; Chart Expansion of Italy 1922-39); « One of Hitler’s priorities was to regain territory lost to Germany after the First World War and to unite all German-speaking people. In 1938 Germany annexed Austria and, following the signing of the Munich Agreement with the UK and France, the Sudetenland. German troops took control of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 and their attack on Poland in September 1939 caused the outbreak of the Second World War.» (Edmonds, id., p.46; Chart Expansion of Nazi Germany 1933-39).

Shall be besieged and destroyed: « Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945); ... He declared war on Britain and France on June 10th, 1940, when France was already defeated. On the following October 28th his troops invaded Greece but were repulsed and, soon after, suffered reverses in Libya and East Africa. These defeats weakened Mussolini’s prestige, especially as the Fascists had always sought to inculcate admiration for the glories of war. By the summer of 1941 Mussolini had become virtually a German pensionary but it was not until July 25th, 1943, that a coup by King Victor Emmanuel and Marshal Badoglio forced him to resign. He was imprisoned, but was rescued from the Apennines by German parachutists (September 12th, 1943) and set up a Republican Fascist Government which administered German-occupied northern Italy.» (Palmer, p.194-195); « The collapse of Hitler’s hold on Italy: On the German side, Field-Marshal Kesselring had returned from convalescence in January, but in March he was called to the Western Front on being appointed to succeed Field-Marshal von Rundstedt as Commander-in-Chief there. Vietinghoff now definitely replaced him as C.-in-C. of Army Group C in Italy. Most of Vietinghoff’s forces had been committed to the front line, and he had few reserves – and less fuel – to check an Allied penetration. It was no longer possible to stabilise the front or to extricate his forces, and the only hope of saving them was by retreat – a long retreat. But Hitler had already rejected General Herr’s proposals for an elastic defence, by tactical withdrawals from one river to the next – which might have stultified the British Eighth Army’s offensive. On April 14, just before the American offensive was launched, Vietinghoff appealed for permission to retire to the Po before it was too late. His appeal was rejected, but on the 20th he took the responsibility of ordering such a retreat himself. By then it was far too late. The Allies’ three armoured divisions, in two sweeping moves, had cut off and surrounded most of the opposing forces. Although many Germans managed to escape by swimming that broad river, they were in no condition to establish a new line. On the 27th the British crossed the Adige and penetrated the Venetian Line covering Venice and Padua. The Americans, moving still faster, took Verona a day earlier. The day before that, April 25, a general uprising of the partisans took place, and Germans everywhere came under attack from them. All the Alpine passes were blocked by April 28 [Shall be besieged] – the day on which Mussolini and his mistress, Claretta Petacci, were caught and shot by a band of partisans near Lake Como [and destroyed]. German troops were now surrendering everywhere, and the Allied pursuit met little opposition anywhere after April 25. By the 29th the New Zealanders reached Venice and by May 2 were at Trieste – where the main concern was not the Germans but the Yugo-Slavs.» (Hart, 1971, p.670-674).

« Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945); ... His demands on Poland led to the Second World War (September 1939), which he considered he had won in the West when German troops entered Paris (June 22nd, 1940). In 1941 he moved his troops eastward, but in attacking Russia he encountered heavy opposition and personally assumed command in the field on December 19th, 1941. A series of failures after Stalingrad, culminating in the Allied landings in Normandy, undermined the Army’s confidence in Hitler and led to the attempted assassination of July 20th, 1944. At the end of the war Hitler was cornered in the ruins of Berlin.» (Palmer, p.127-128); « The collapse of Germany: Hitler had stripped his Western Front , and diverted the major part of his remaining forces and resources to hold the line of the Oder against the Russians, in the belief that the Western Allies were incapable of resuming the offensive after the supposedly crippling blow of his Ardennes counter-offensive coupled with V-weapon flying bomb and rocket bombardment of the Antwerp base. So most of the available equipment coming out from the German factories or repair shops was sent eastward. Yet at that very time the Western Allies were building up overwhelming strength for an assault on the Rhine. In this massive effort the main striking role was assigned to Montgomery, the U.S. Ninth Army being employed under him in addition to his own two, the First Canadian and Second British Armies. This decision was strongly resented by most of the American generals who felt that Eisenhower was yielding to the demands of Montgomery and the British at the expense of their own prospects. Indignation spurred them to more vigorous efforts on their sectors to show what they could do, and in the event these efforts achieved striking results, as the strength put into them, though smaller than what Montgomery was amassing, much exceeded what the Germans had left to oppose them. On March 7 the tanks of Patton’s Third Army broke through the weak German defences in the Eifel (the German end of the rugged Ardennes), and reached the Rhine near Coblenz after a sixty-mile drive in three days. For the moment they were blocked, as the Rhine bridges had been blown up before they arrived. But a little farther north, a small armoured spearhead of the neighbouring U.S. First Army had found a gap and raced through it so quickly that the bridge at Remagen, near Bonn, was reached and brilliantly captured before it could be blown. Reserves were rushed up and secured a vital bridgehead. By March 21, Patton had swept the west bank clear of the enemy along a seventy-mile stretch between Coblenz and Mannheim, cutting off the German forces in that sector before they could withdraw to the Rhine. Next night, Patton’s troops crossed the river almost unopposed at Oppenheim, between Mainz and Mannheim. When the news of this surprise stroke reached Hitler, he called for immediate countermeasures, but was told that no resources remained available, and that the most that could be despatched to help fill the gap was a mere handful of five machines just repaired at a tank depot a hundred miles away. ‘The cupboard was bare’, and the American advance beyond the Rhine became a procession. By this time Montgomery had completed his elaborate preparations for the grand assault on the Rhine near Wesel 150 miles downstream. Here he had concentrated twenty-five divisions, after a quarter of a million tons of ammunition and other supplies had been amassed in dumps on the west bank. The thirty-mile stretch of river where he planned to attack was held by only five weak and exhausted German divisions... At midnight on April 12, the news reached Hitler that President Roosevelt had died suddenly. Goebbels telephoned him, and said: ‘My Führer, I congratulate you. Fate has laid low your greatest enemy. God has not abandoned us.’ This was the ‘miracle’, it seemed, for which Hitler had been waiting – a repetition of the death of the Empress of Russia, at the critical moment of the Seven Year War in the eighteenth century. So Hitler became convinced that what Mr Churchill called the ‘Grand Alliance’ between the Eastern and Western powers would now break up through the clash of their rival interests. But the hope was not fulfilled and Hitler was driven a fortnight later to take his own life, as Frederick the Great had been about to do, just when his ‘miracle’ had come to save his fortunes and his life. Early in March Zhukov had enlarged his bridgehead over the Oder, but did not succeed in breaking out. Russian progress on the far flanks continued, and Vienna was entered in the middle of April. Meanwhile the German front in the west had collapsed, and the Allied armies there were driving eastward from the Rhine with little opposition. They reached the Elbe, sixty miles from Berlin, on April 11. Here they halted. On the 16th Zhukov resumed the offensive, in conjunction with Koniev, who forced the crossing of the Neisse. This time the Russians burst out of their bridgeheads, and within a week were driving into the suburbs of Berlin – where Hitler chose to remain for the final battle. By the 25th the city had been completely isolated by the encircling armies of Zhukov and Koniev [Shall be besieged], and on the 27th Koniev’s forces joined hands with the Americans on the Elbe. But in Berlin itself desperate street-by-street resistance was put up by the Germans, and was not completely overcome until the war itself ended, after Hitler’s suicide, with Germany’s unconditional surrender [and destroyed].» (Hart, 1971, p.677-680).

The filed strong one: « In this text, Hitler is named “le fort limé (the filed strong one)”, the strong one sharpened with a file like the edge of a sword. It is a plastic image of his warlike character.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.490).

Viellard: = Vieillard; « Viellard, See Vieillard.» (Huguet).

An old dreamer: « The expression “un viellard resveur (an old dreamer)” should not be taken literally. It must be understood as “a dreamer of the ancient times”. Therefore it is an allusion to Mussolini’s Utopian dreams of restoring the glory of the ancient Rome.»
(Ionescu, id.).

Trasse
: = « Trasseure. Trace (Trace, track, footprint, footstep, trail, remains.). – Trace ou Trassure.» (Huguet).

De Nira trasse: = « Aryan tracts.» (Lamont, id.); « About the term “Nira”, it is an anagram of “Iran”. Iran is considered by many historians as the original region of the Aryan peoples. And “Nira” is also an anagram for “Arian”. “To show the trace of Aryans” is to show oneself as descendants of the ancient Aryans.» (Ionescu, id., p.491).

Monstra: = « for monstrera by syncope.» (Ionescu, id., p.490).

The Genevans: = The « League of Nations.» (Lamont, id.).

Shall show their trace of Higher Descent to the Genevans: « A Chief well armed and another one dreaming of the glory of the past shall oppose the League of Nations by the doctrine of the superiority of the Arian race.» (Ionescu, id., p.491).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§787 The failure of the League of Nations; the Allies against the Germans in Italy (1920-1946): VI-20.

VI-20 (§787):

The feigned union shall be of brief duration;
Some changed, reformed the greater part:
Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy,
When a new leopard shall have Rome.

(L'union feincte sera peu de duree,
Des uns changés reformés la pluspart:
Dans les vaisseaux sera gent enduree,
Lors aura Rome un nouveau liepart.

NOTES: The feigned union: An ineffective international organization of the League of Nations (1920-1946).

Sera peu de duree: = Sera [de] peu de durée, the preposition [de] being left out by a prophetic embroilment as Augures, creuz eslevés [à] aruspices (§762, III-26). Cf. A l'Entrée des Prophéties, §5, Catégorie d: Ellipse de prépositions pour embrouiller prophétiquement.

The feigned union shall be of brief duration: = A gray bird... shall die soon (§786, I-100): « League of Nations. An international organization created in 1920 to preserve peace and settle disputes by arbitration or conciliation... In the pre-war crisis of 1938-39 the Great Powers tended to ignore the existence of the League... It was formally dissolved in April 1946.» (Palmer, p.157-158)

Some changed: = « When Congress refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, the U.S.A. dissociated itself from the League and never became a member. Germany belonged to the League only from 1926 to 1933, Russia from 1934 to 1939. Brazil withdrew from the League in 1926, Japan in 1933, Italy in 1937.» (Palmer, p.158)

Reformed the greater part
: Most of the member-states of the League in the World War II rallied to the Allies pivoting on Great Britain, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R., that developed into the new post-war organization of the United Nations including the U.S.A. as one of its most influential powers. In fact, of 63 member-states in all of the League between its beginning in 1920 and its end in 1946, 47 states rallied to the Allies in declaring war upon Germany (cf. Ploetz, 1998, p.757).

Those in the vessels: = The Anglo-American invading armies of Sicily in 1943; « Invasion of Sicily 9 July -17 August 1943. The Anglo-American invasion and capture of Sicily was a vital stepping-stone for the campaign in Italy, although the Allies were at fault in failing to prevent the Axis from successfully evacuating their best divisions from the island to continue the defensive battle on the mainland. While the British wanted to pursue an offensive against Italy after the Allied capture of Tunisia, their U.S. partners were less enthusiastic, but the British prevailed. The invasion of Sicily, the first part of the plan, was a massive undertaking – in Europe, second only to D-Day – involving 2,600 Allied ships and sustained air support. The invading force was made up of two armies – the U.S. Seventh Army and the British Eighth Army – and once ashore the Allies pressed forward in an attempt to destroy and capture the Axis units on the island. The few German troops on Sicily were quickly reinforced to a total of four elite divisions, along with a substantial Italian force. Commanded by Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, the Germans skillfully used the island’s mountainous terrain to carry out an effective delaying operation. The Allies, especially the British, advanced cautiously against the Germans. Although Hitler insisted that Sicily must be held at all costs, Kesselring soon realized that he must abandon the island if his German formations and their valuable weapons and equipment were not to be lost to the Allies. On the night of 11-12 August the Germans began a well-executed withdrawal that saw 40,000 German and 60,000 Italian troops cross over to the mainland with minimal hindrance from the Allies.» (Grant, 2011, p.856); « Finally the Big Three [Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt] called from Yalta for the remaining neutrals to declare war on Germany before 1 March 1945 and thus gain a ticket of admittance to the founding conference of the United Nations at San Francisco.» (Campbell, 1985, p.147). In response to this call, 12 countries declared war anew upon Germany by 27 March 1945 (Ploetz, id.).

Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy
: « Salerno 9-16 September 1943. The signing of the armistice between Italy and the Allies on 3 September 1943 might have seemed to support Churchill’s claim that Italy was the “soft underbelly of Europe,” but the fierce and intelligent resistance displayed by the Germans at Salerno was a portent of things to come. While Field Marshal Montgomery’s British Eighth Army had an easy, unopposed landing at Reggio di Calabria, the Allied amphibious assault against mainland Italy in the Gulf of Salerno did not go as planned. Under the command of Lieutenant General Mark Clark’s U.S. Fifth Army, the landing force was drawn from the British X Corps, which would hit the beaches at Salerno, and the U.S. VI Corps, acting as a flank guard and landing farther to the south. The X Corps troops faced little resistance as they reached the beaches on 9 September 1943, but once ashore they came under sustained attack from the German XIV Panzer Corps. The U.S. VI Corps faced similar problems, unable to push forward from its beachhead. When, on 12 September, the Germans mounted a concerted counterattack, it seemed possible that the Allies might lose their tenuous hold on the Italian mainland. But the arrival of reinforcements – including a parachute drop by two battalions of the U.S. 82d Airborne Division – and the mass redeployment of Allied airpower to the Salerno front turned the tide. On 16 September the Germans disengaged from the battle and began to withdraw to a specially prepared defensive line farther north; meanwhile, U.S. troops on the right of the beachhead made contact with units from the Eighth Army advancing from the south. As the Germans fell back, the Allies occupied the key port of Naples.» ( Grant, id., p.858);

« Monte Cassino 17 January-18 May 1944. The struggle for Monte Cassino in World War II sucked Allied troops on the Italian front into a brutal battle that lasted four bloody months. While Allied material strength was to decide the day ultimately, the Germans again demonstrated their determination and skill in defensive operations. Allied progress up the “boot” of Italy had ground to a halt during the winter of 1943 to 1944, thwarted by the German Gustav Line [Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy]. The towering hill of Monte Cassino – topped by a historic monastery – was the linchpin in the line, which the Allies were determined to capture... The fourth battle, spearheaded by the Polish Corps, finally took the hill. The Germans had already decided to retire to a new defensive line farther north, and when the lead Polish troops gained the summit of the hill on 18 May, they found it unoccupied.» ( Grant, id., p.861);

« Anzio 22 January-25 May 1944. Intended as a daring outflanking move that would open up the way to the capture of Rome, the Anzio landings degenerated into World War II deadlock: the Allies unable to drive forward from their bridgehead and the Germans without the means to push the invaders back into the sea. Having failed to break through the German Gustav Line the Allies proposed to land an amphibious force on the (western) Italian coast behind German lines. A combined U.S.-British operation, under the command of Major General John Lucas’s U.S.VI Corps, it lacked the resources to be effective. The landing on 22 January did, however, achieve complete surprise and were virtually uncontested. Responding with their customary alacrity, the Germans soon had the Allied troops corralled within a tight perimeter. The geography favored the Germans, too; they held a ring of high ground above the Allied position and poured down a massive volume of artillery fire on the soldiers holding the marshy ground below. Both sides reinforced their positions, which further encouraged a tactical stalemate [Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy], conditions reminiscent of World War I. Lucas was made a scapegoat and replaced by Major General Lucien Truscott, but he too could not little to break the deadlock. It was only the slow, relentless pressure applied on land and in the air throughout Italy that forced the Germans to give way. On 25 May, with the Germans in retreat, the men from the Anzio bridgehead met up with Allied troops fighting their way up from the south. On 5 June, the Allies marched into Rome unopposed.» (Grant, id.); « ... Rome fell on 4 June, but by autumn 1944 the Germans were again making a stand, this time on the Gothic Line just north of Florence.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.135).

A new leopard: The two examples of « liepard (leopard, panther) » in the quatrain I-23 (§832) refer to Mussolini (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.530), and here « un nouveau liepart (a new leopard, a new panther) », who shall occupy Rome anew in place of the Italian chief, refers to Hitler designated in the cited quatrain as “sanglier (a wild boar)”. Besides, the alternative character “T” of the irregular orthography “liepart” (‘lie-’ itself instead of LEO being naturally derived from “lion”) seems to suggest the ‘T’ of ‘Hitler’. The identification by Ionescu of ‘a new leopard’ with ‘a leopard’ of the quatrain I-23, thence with Mussolini (Ionescu, id.), is utterly erroneous. Because of this he could not give any interpretation about the quatrain I-23 in its entirety.

When a new leopard shall have Rome
: « Hitler, by contrast, had wasted no time in taking steps to counter the likelihood that the new Italian Government would seek peace and abandon the alliance with Germany. On the day of the coup d’état in Rome, July 25 [1943], Rommel had arrived in Greece to take command there, but just before midnight he received a telephone call telling him that Mussolini had been deposed, and that he was to fly back at once to Hitler’s headquarters in the East Prussian forests. Arriving there at noon next day he ‘received orders to assemble troops in the Alps and prepare a possible entry into Italy’... So by the beginning of September eight German division under Rommel were established inside Italy’s Alpine frontier-wall as a potential support or reinforcement to Kesselring’s forces in the south. Moreover the 2nd Parachute Division, a particularly tough force, was flown from France to Ostia, close to Rome. General Student, the Commander-in-Chief of the German airborne forces, went with it. When interrogated after the war, he said: “The Italian High Command was given no previous warning of its arrival, and was told that the division was intended for the reinforcement of Sicily or Calabria. But my instructions, from Hitler, were that I was to keep it near Rome, and also take under my command the 3rd Panzergrenadier Division, which had moved down there. With these two divisions I was to be ready to disarm the Italian forces around Rome.” The presence of these divisions nullified the Allies’ plan to drop one of their own airborne divisions, the 82nd American (General Matthew Ridgway), on Rome itself to support the Italians in holding the capital... Marshal Badoglio had kept five Italian divisions concentrated in the Rome area despite the Germans’ efforts to persuade him to send some of these divisions to help in defending the coast in the south... On September 3, the invasion was opened by Montgomery’s Eighth Army crossing the narrow Straits of Messina, from Sicily, and landing on the toe of Italy. That same day the Italian representatives secretly signed the armistice treaty with the Allies. But it was arranged that the fact should be kept quiet until the Allies made their second and principal landing – which was planned to take place on the shin of Italy, at Salerno, south of Naples.» (Hart, 1971, p.451-452).

« At midnight on September 8 the Anglo-American Fifth Army under General Mark Clark began to disembark in the Gulf of Salerno – a few hours after the B.B.C. had broadcast the official announcement of Italy’s capitulation. The Italian leaders had not been expecting the landing to come so soon, and they were warned about the delivery of the broadcast only late in the afternoon. Badoglio complained, with some justification, that he was caught unready to co-operate, before his preparations were complete. But the Italians’ state of unreadiness and trepidation had already become so evident to General Maxwell Taylor, who had been sent to Rome secretly by Eisenhower, that Ridgway’s intended airborne descent on Rome had been cancelled after Eisenhower had received that morning a warning message from Taylor that the prospects were poor. The broadcast announcement of the Italian capitulation also took the Germans by surprise, but their action in Rome was prompt and decisive, despite the simultaneous emergency in the south produced by the landing at Salerno. The outcome might well have been different if Italian action had matched Italian acting, which had gone a long way to conceal intentions and lull Kesselring’s suspicions during the preceding days. A piquant account of this is given in a narrative written by his Chief of Staff, General Westphal: “On September 7 the Italian Minister of Marine, Admiral Count de Courten, called on Field-Marshal Kesselring to inform him that the Italian Fleet would put out on the 8th or 9th from Spezia to seek battle with the British Mediterranean Fleet. The Italian Fleet would conquer or perish, he said, with tears in his eyes. He then described in detail its intended plan of battle.” These solemn assurances made a convincing impression. The next afternoon Westphal and another general, Toussaint, drove to the headquarters of the Italian Army in Monterotondo (sixteen miles north-east of Rome). “Our reception by General Roatta was very cordial. He discussed with me in detail the further joint conduct of operations by the Italian 7th and German 10th Armies in Southern Italy. While we were talking a telephone message came through from Colonel von Waldenburg with the news of the broadcast announcement of the Italian capitulation to the Allies... General Roatta assured us that it was merely a bad propaganda manœuvre. The joint struggle, he said, would be continued just as had been arranged between us.” Westphal was not altogether convinced by these assurances and when he got back to the German headquarters at Frascati late in the evening he found that Kesselring had already signalled to all subordinate commands the code-word ‘Axis’ – the pre-arranged signal which meant that Italy had quitted the Axis and that the appropriate action must be taken to disarm the Italians immediately. The subordinate commands applied a mixture of persuasion and force according to the situation and their own disposition. In the Rome area, where the potential odds against him were heavy, Student used shock tactics. “I made an attempt to seize the Italian General Headquarters by dropping on it from the air. This was only a partial success. While thirty generals and a hundred and fifty other officers were captured in one part of the headquarters, another part held out. The Chief of the General Staff had got away, following Badoglio and the King, the night before.” Instead of trying to overcome Student’s couple of divisions, the Italian commanders hastened to withdraw out of reach, falling back eastward to Tivoli with their forces, and leaving their capital in the hands of the Germans.» (Hart, id., p.452-454).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§786 The failure of the League of Nations (1920-1946): I-100.

I-100 (§786):

For a long time in the sky shall be seen a gray bird,
The place being near Dole and Tuscany,
Holding in its beak a verdant bough,
Shall die soon, and the great shall end the war.

(Long temps au ciel sera veu gris oiseau
Au pres de Dole & de Tousquane terre,
Tenant au bec un verdoiant rameau,
Mourra tost grand, & finira la guerre.)

NOTES: Dole: « The county seat of the arrondissement of Jura, [France,] near Switzerland and the name of the mountain quite close to Lake Leman, by which the city of Geneva is situated.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.474).

Tuscany: « Synecdoche: Tuscany (a part), for Italy (the whole).» (id.).

Great: « Ellipsis: great for the great power, namely America.» (id.).

Mourra tost grand, & finira la guerre: « The construction: “Mourra tost et (le) grand (pouvoir) finira la guerre (Shall die soon and [the] great [power] shall end the war).”» (id.).

« For a long time they shall see in the sky the pigeon of peace (a gray bird), above the palace of the League of Nations, between Dole and Italy – holding in its beak a bough of olive (a verdant bough). But this bird shall die [soon] and the war shall break out. America – the great power – shall be one that shall intervene and end the war.» (id.).

A gray bird... shall die soon: « League of Nations. An international organization created in 1920 to preserve peace and settle disputes by arbitration or conciliation... The League succeeded in settling a number of international disputes, notably in the Balkans and South America. It was able to assist the refugees from Russia and Turkey in the 1920s, although the general refugee problem of the 1930s was beyond its resources. It also helped the Danubian states to obtain reconstruction loans, and, through the International Labour Organization, secured more equitable working conditions among its member-states. The League was ultimately responsible for the system of mandates, for the judicial administration of Upper Silesia, and for the maintenance of the Free City of Danzig. It failed to prevent Japanese aggression in Manchuria and China, Italian aggression against Abyssinia or the Russian attack on Finland in 1939, despite the fact that all six of these countries were member-states. In the pre-war crisis of 1938-39 the Great Powers tended to ignore the existence of the League. During the war the League sought to continue its non-political activities so far as was possible. It was formally dissolved in April 1946, handing over its remaining responsibilities to the United Nations Organization.» (Palmer, p.157-158).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§785 General Franco escaped from the Canary Islands to Tetuan to prevail in Spain (1936-1975): III-54.

III-54 (§785):

The one of the greatest shall escape to Spain,
That shall later come to bleed with a long wound.
Passing troops beyond the high mountains
Devastating all and next shall reign in peace.

(L'un des plus grands fuira aux Hespaignes,
Qu'en longue plaie apres viendra saigner.
Passant copies par les hautes montaignes,
Devastant tout & puis en paix regner.)

NOTES: The one of the greatest shall escape to Spain: « Franco Faces the Revolution ON THAT SUNDAY AFTERNOON OF FEBRUARY 16, 1936, THE mobs, faithful to the watchword of the revolution, poured out into the streets. Completely ignoring the true results of the elections, they proclaimed themselves the victors. They had been thus instructed. Three hours after the end of the balloting, they were to give themselves up to jubilant and frenzied demonstrations, demanding complete power, the liberation of the prisoners of October, 1934, and the heads of certain politicians. The night augured serious street fighting... The Popular Front thus assumed power. The decree sending General Coded and General Franco away from Madrid was not delayed. One was sent as the Commander-General of the Balearics, and the other to the Canary Islands. Azaña repeated anew that by sending them away to distant posts he was removing them from temptation. Before departing to his destiny, General Franco called on Alcalá Zamora and Azaña. His interview with the former was of long duration. Franco pointed out the dangers threatening Spain, and the lack of equipment with which to oppose the victorious revolution. Alcalá Zamora smiled between blindness and simplicity. "The revolution,” he said, "was crushed in Asturias.” "Remember, Mr. President,” answered Franco, "what it cost to suppress it in Asturias. If the assault is repeated throughout the entire nation, it will be very difficult to suppress it, because the army does not have the necessary equipment, and because generals determined that it shall not be suppressed have been reinstated in command. Gold braid means nothing when he who displays it has no authority, prestige, or competence, the indispensable foundations of discipline,” Alcalá Zamora minimized all this, refusing to comprehend that language of loyalty and honour. He gesticulated incredulously. He shook his head from side to side. The general arose. The President of the Republic gave him leave. “Don’t worry General. Don’t worry. In Spain there will be no Communism.” “One thing that I am sure of,” answered Franco, “and which I can answer truthfully, is that whatever the contingencies that may arise here, wherever I am there will be no Communism.” His interview with Azaña was shorter and more brusque. In those days the Premier spent his time pacifying the people with the promise of a moderate and semi-bourgeois revolution. Franco’s predictions were received with a self-satisfied and sardonic smile. “ You are making a mistake in sending me away,” the general pointed out regretfully, “because I could be of more service to the army and to the peace of the country by remaining in Madrid.” Azaña answered, “I have no fear of insurrections. I knew all about Sanjurjo’s, and I could have prevented it, but I preferred to see it end in disaster.” He himself was the revolution, and he cared little for the advice of generals. Franco, neither with the idea of conspiracy nor because of hostility towards the régime, but having in mind Spain alone, and the dangers confronting her, decided to hold several interviews which he considered necessary. He held one with General Mola and General Varela, to whom he entrusted the task of maintaining permanent connections with the generals of those divisions which deserved full confidence and with those military elements of the highest responsibility whom, by reason of their positions of command, it would be expedient to keep enlightened on the march of events, so as to be prepared for any emergency which might arise. He named a person in whom he had full confidence to maintain through him the contacts which he considered indispensable, from his post in the Canary-Islands. From the Canary Islands General Franco witnessed the drama unfolding itself in Spain. Every day the chaos was more profound, and the havoc greater. When the elections were repeated in Cuenca, the conservative parties again offered him a place on their lists, but Franco declined it publicly. Political passions were fanned to a white heat, and he believed that nothing noble or effective could be expected from the existing parliament. Nor did he believe in the genuineness of the voting. “When the funds of the workers’ organizations,” he said, “are devoted to political bribery, the purchase of arms and munitions, and the hiring of gunmen and assassins, democracy, as represented by universal suffrage, has ceased to exist.” Early in July he received news regarding the march of conspiracy, and the information that he, as the general most qualified, had been chosen for the command of the troops in Africa. He was also consulted upon the policy to be followed in several other places, especially in the Spanish capital.» (Joaquín Arrarás, 1938, p.164-174).

« From Tenerife to Tetuán SHORTLY AFTER HIS ARRIVAL AT SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE, Franco realized that he was a prisoner of the Popular Front. The political satraps who had decreed his removal from Spain had done so with another Elba in mind. But this was an Isle of Elba on which paid assassins hovered and spied on the exile as government agents. He was watched day and night, his mail was censored, his telephone messages were intercepted, and he was surrounded by a veritable ring of spies organized by the hostile authorities on the island. Hostile pens and voices assailed the general. The municipal government of Realejo Alto directed all the municipalities of the province to ask the government to dismiss Franco as a dangerous element. A friend warned the general, “There are plans on foot to take your life.” “Two years ago,” he answered, “Moscow sentenced me to death.” On the night of July 13 occurred the last criminal attempt to take his life. The assassins attempted to scale the walls of the garden and from there reach the central pavilion, where Franco's sleeping quarters were located. The assailants were three. When they were climbing the wall, one of the sentinels in the garden challenged them, and as they made no response he fired on them and put them to flight. The guard stationed outside also fired, but the malefactors escaped. The civil authorities of the island hastened to the commandancy to find out what had happened. The wife and daughter of the general were also guarded by a special guard, for their lives, too, were threatened. On July 14, the diplomat José Antonio de Sangróniz arrived at Santa Cruz de Tenerife to inform the general, with whom it was so difficult to communicate, of the latest news about the movement, and to set the date for its inauguration. The aeroplane which was to carry Franco to Tetuán was to arrive at Las Palmas on the following day. “Now we must plan the escape [The one of the greatest shall escape to Spain]," said the general. “I have announced, with the authorization of the ministry, an inspection tour of the islands of Fuerteventura and Lanzarote. It will be the pretext.” On the following night the general carried on long conversations with his friends concerning future developments. He had just ciphered some letters with the aid of a little book which he always had with him. “The time is ripe’ exclaimed the general, “and we cannot delay much longer, because the advances of anarchy have been considerable, and very soon they will have forestalled the possibilities of a popular reaction which still pulsates in Spain.” On the morning of the 16th, the telegraph wires carried sad and unexpected news to Tenerife. General Amado Balmes, military commander of Las Palmas, had been killed by the bullet of a revolver which he was trying out in the target field of that city. He was the first victim of the movement, for the general had for many days been experimenting with firearms, “so that when the moment arrived the youths would be provided with a useful weapon and not something useless.” Balmes was in close touch with Franco. He knew what was being planned in all its details, he was in full agreement, and was to be substitute general commandant. Franco, saddened by the news, called the War Ministry to tell them that he planned to go to Las Palmas to attend the burial. On asking for this permission, the general turned to those who were around him, and said, “Probably they will take advantage of this occasion to dismiss me.” But that was not the case. The sub-secretary of war, in the name of the minister, authorized him to make the trip, and at twelve-thirty o’clock that night General Franco, with his wife and daughter, embarked on the inter-insular ship Viera y Clavijo. His adjutants accompanied him, four officers as guards, two infantrymen and two artillerymen, and the fiscal judge, Martínez Fusset. After attending the funeral of General Balmes, at noon on the 17th, Franco spent all his time receiving calls at his hotel, where he virtually incarcerated himself. At three o’clock in the morning the adjutants and guarding officers were awakened abruptly by the fiscal judge Martínez Fusset, who brought sensational news. “The troops in Africa have rebelled,” he said; “we must take extreme precautions.” All put on their clothing without delay and went out into the hallway, where Franco soon appeared, for he already knew what was happening, having been informed at two-fifteen by the commandant at Tenerife. Franco drew up a manifesto and dictated the first orders as the “Rebel” leader to assure the triumph of the movement in the Canaries. He remained in the commandancy until eleven o’clock when he went out to find an aeroplane that awaited him, where again there were farewells and applause for the leader. The general repeated his watchword, “Blind faith in victory!” An automobile carried him to the pier where he was awaited by the tugboat which was to take him to the aerodrome at Gaudo. There was a moment of delay, while Franco said good-bye to his wife and daughter. “Tell them,” he told one of his officers, “that I have gone to make an inspection and that I will see them soon.” The motors began to roar. The general bade farewell, one by one, to those who surrounded him. Their eyes gleamed with hope, and they were pale with emotion. The general, serene, repeated his counsels. With him embarked the military aviator Villalobos and his adjutant Franco Salgado. The aeroplane sped down the runway and was soon in the air. It disappeared in the distant blue of the sky. It was exactly two-ten p.m., July 18, 1936, a moment memorable in Spanish history. After a short stop in Agadir, the plane continued on to Casablanca, where it landed at nine-thirty p.m. From the aerodrome the travellers went to a small hotel in the vicinity, where, after eating, they engaged in a conversation which was carried on almost entirely by General Franco, who discussed the subject which was nearest to his heart, abounding with hope, Spain and Its future. During those hours of the night and early morning, meaningful hours for the future of Spain, he gave every promise of desiring good government. It was three o’clock in the morning and Franco gave no thought to sleep. At four o’clock in the morning they left for the aerodrome, and a half-hour later they were again in the air. Sunrise found them over the Beni-Arós mountains, brightened by blending rose-coloured and golden hues. Franco recognized by name the roughest parts of the mountains, the steep cliffs, and the crests. The sky was radiant. At seven o’clock that morning Tetuán loomed in the distance, dazzling in the rays of the sun, Tetuán! The aerodrome was swarming with people. The plane circled low and Franco recognized friends. Finally they landed. The motor still roared, and there was cheering and applause. Franco emerged smiling, Lieutenant-Colonel Yagüe was at the side of the plane. Legionnaires rendered homage. At the offices of the High Commissary there gathered the leaders and officers of the Regular Army, of the Legion, and of the mejalas, the men who soon were to stir Spain with their valour, heroes who wept on hearing Franco’s voice, a voice that already appeared to have been silenced by exile, to be forgotten forever. It was the voice of Spain; a voice from her heart and steeped in the nation’s past. "We were coming to a point,” said Franco, ""when we were ashamed of being Spaniards and of wearing our uniforms, which represented our honour, our pride, and our spiritual patrimony! Now we are on our way. Each one to his post, to fulfil his duty. For Spain everything we may do will seem very little. The offering of our lives for its cause is a glorious deed if the nation will have reconquered its soul and its glory, and will have come to see itself face to face again.” The officers listened with stout hearts, their muscles quivering, and tears in their eyes. Their emotion finally burst forth in cheering and applause. From there, the general went to address the Banners of the Legion formed in Dar Rifien. Just as he was leaving, an officer notified him, “My general, some suspicious ships are cruising in the vicinity of Ceuta and they do not answer to the signals which are made to them.” “Have them repeated,” Franco ordered, “and if they do not answer, fire on them.” During the night the voice of Franco, a victorious voice, reached Spain from end to end through the miracle of radio: “On taking over the command of this glorious and patriotic army here in Tetuán, I send to the loyal garrisons and their country the most enthusiastic greetings. Spain has been saved. You may pride yourselves on being Spaniards. “Have blind faith. Never doubt. Gather energy, without pausing, for the nation demands it. The movement is marching on. There is no human force which will stop it. I greet you with a strong and hearty embrace. Long live Spain!” Franco then prepared to spend his third sleepless night devoted to hard work. When the first news of the military uprising in Morocco reached Madrid, Azaña, President of the Republic, felt the same uneasiness that he had experienced on that morning of August 10, 1932, the occasion of General Sanjurjo’s insurrection. Just as he had then called upon the governor of Coruña, now he asked insistently, “What is Franco doing?” In his desire to calm the nerves of the president, Casares Quiroga answered, “He is well guarded on the Canary Islands.”» (Joaquín Arrarás, id., p.185-196).

Under ordinary circumstances, the phrase « The one of the greatest shall escape to Spain » means “the flight from abroad to Spain” and cannot mean “from in Spain to Spain”, namely “from the Spanish Canary Islands to the Spanish Morocco”. However, the particular situation in which General Franco was a kind of political prisoner in the Canary Islands permits the phrase to be applied to him in July 1936 as E. Cheetham explains well: « In 1936 General Franco was exiled from Spain to the Canary Islands as military governor. He then flew (fuira) to Morocco and back to Spain to start the rebellion that led to the Spanish Civil War.» (Cheetham, 1973, p.143)

Qu’: = Qui (Who, that), whose antecedent is Spain. The nominative relative pronoun “qui” is replaced frequently by “que” in the Prophecies of Nostradamus according to the exceptional usages of the
XVIth century: « As regards the relative pronoun, the most noteworthy feature is the use of que for qui in the nominative, first as a singular, and later as a plural pronoun as well.» (Rickard, p.70). Cf. ung monarque qu'en paix & vie ne sera longuement (§490, I-4), Celui qu'aura la charge de destruire temples & sectes (§261, I-96), Le chef qu'aura conduit peuple infini (§428, I-98) and L'arbre qu'avoit par long temps mort seché (§603, III-91) and also I-99, II-10, III-94, V-38, VI-15, VIII-28, VIII-88 and IX-29.

That shall later come to bleed with a long wound... Devastating all: « Spanish Civil War, 1936-9; The Civil War began by a revolt of military commanders in Spanish Morocco on July 18th, 1936. The Government remained in control of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia; Cadiz, Saragossa, Seville and Burgos declared for the insurgent nationalists. Spain became an ideological battleground for fascists and socialists from all countries... Some three-quarters of a million lives were lost in the course of the Civil War.» (Palmer, p.262-263); « ... the French Revolution to enter and thus crucified the country for fifteen years of civil war, ... Now the invasion by post-Christian totalitarian culture had brought another three years of martyrdom. On the Nationalist side, 90,000 had been killed in action; 110, 000 Republican soldiers were dead; there were a million cripples; 10,000 died in air-raids, 25,000 from malnutrition, 130,000 murdered or shot behind the lines [to bleed with a long wound]; now 500,000 were in exile, half never to return. The destruction of treasure had been immense, ranging from the famous library of Cuenca Cathedral to Goya’s earliest paintings in his birth-place, Fuentodos [Devastating all].» (Johnson, 1991, p.339).

Copie
: = « T. de guerre, troupes, forces militaires (Term of war, troops, military forces).» (Godefroy).

To bleed with a long wound. Passing troops beyond the high mountains
: « ... the long wound of the Spanish Civil War raged over the mountainous Spanish countryside... » (Hogue, 1997, p.262).

Passing troops beyond the high mountains
: “The one of the greatest” as a subject rules over the following predicatives: fuira (shall escape), passant (passing), devastant (devastating) and regner (shall reign). As the victor in the Civil War, General Franco and the Nationalists took all the territories full of high mountains of Spain in the end. They began to occupy the Canary Islands, Morocco, Cadiz, Huelva, Seville, Granada, Cordoba, Caceres, Saramanca, Avila, Segovia, Zamora, Valladolid, Saragossa, Teruel, Huesca, Pamplona, Vitoria, Burgos, Mallorca and Ibiza, while the Government remained in control of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, San Sebastian, Gijon, Valencia, Alicante, Cartagena, Badajoz and Albacete (cf. Middleton and Heater, 1989, Unit 15, Chart 1).

14 August 1936. The Republican city of Badajoz in the valley of the Guadiana was taken by a Nationalist force of Lieutenant Colonel Juan Yagüe under General Franco’s instructions coming from Seville beyond the mountains of Sierra Morena (cf. Duby, p.127, Chart
C; Grant, 2011, p.783).

13 September 1936. San Sebastian was occupied by the Nationalist soldiers passing the Basque mountains (cf. Duby, p.127, Chart
C).

3° 27 September 1936. Colonel José Moscardó, the military governor of Toledo, a town itself situated on the rock 530 meters above sea level, commanding around 1,000 Nationalist soldiers defended the Alcázar against a Republican attack that lasted for around seventy days. The Nationalist resistance held out against heavy bombing and artillery fire until the Army of Africa, commanded by General Franco, arrived passing the mountains of Sierra Morena, Guadalupe and Meseta (Table mountains) of Toledo to provide relief and defeat the Republicans. (cf. Duby, id.; Grant, id., p.782).

17 October 1936. Oviedo in Asturias was occupied by the Nationalists passing the mountains of Leon (cf. Duby, id.).

8-23 November 1936. Around 20,000 Nationalist soldiers from the mountains of Sierra Morena, Guadalupe and Gredos under the command of General José Varela attacked in vain Madrid by the delay of their offensive owing to Franco’s decision to liberate first the Alcazar of Toledo. (cf. Duby, id.; Grant, id., p.784).

In the summer of 1937. The Basque countries were crushed by the Nationalist force passing the mountains in Cantabria (cf. Duby, p.127, Chart
D).

15 April 1938. The Nationalist force passing the mountains of Gudar in Aragon attained the city of Vinaroz on the Mediterranean to split in two the Republican territories (cf. Duby, p.127, Chart
D).

23 December 1938 – February 1939. Catalonia was entirely conquered by the Nationalist force, whose some contingents past the Catalan mountains of Guara and Cadi (cf. Duby, p.127, Chart
D).

And next shall reign in peace: « Franco was determined to keep out of war, which he saw as the supreme evil, and especially a war waged by Hitler in association with Stalin, which he felt incarnated all the evils of the century. He declared strict neutrality in September 1939. He advised Mussolini to keep out too. As the price for entering the war he pitched his demands impossibly high: Oran, the whole of Morocco, huge territories in West Africa, massive quantities of war supplies and equipment to attack Gibraltar and defend the Canaries. When he met Hitler at Hendaye on 23 October 1940 he not only increased these demands but greeted his German benefactor with icy coldness verging on contempt. As he was himself a professional soldier, and Hitler an amateur – not even a gentleman, a corporal! – he treated Hitler’s customary military tour d’horizon with unconcealed contempt. They talked, wrote Hitler’s interpreter Paul Schmidt, ‘to or rather at one another’ until two in the morning and failed to agree on anything whatever. Hitler later told Mussolini he would rather have two or three teeth out than go through that again.» (Johnson, 1991, p.366);

« When Franco [1892-1975] handed over his authority in summer 1974 to Juan Carlos (crowned King in November 1975 immediately after Franco’s death), he had held effective power for thirty-eight years, an achievement even Philip II might have respected. He was probably right in thinking that a Republican victory would have produced another civil war and that his regime was the one ‘which divides us least’, for there were two bitterly divided monarchical factions, a fascist and a traditional conservative faction as well as the mortal enmity between the
CP and other Republicans. In October 1944, after the liberation of France, 2,000 republicans ‘invaded’ across the Pyrenees, expecting a general insurrection: nothing happened. A Republican government was formed in 26 August 1945: a non-event. The Allies would not act against Franco because they would not want civil war in Spain. To please them he gave up the fascist salute (which he had never liked) but would not ban the Falange, much as he deplored its posturings, because it was a safety-valve for the extremist Right, and controllable. In essence Franco was a non-political figure, who ruled through men acceptable to the Church, the landed classes and business. That was what the army wanted and the army had a veto on policy which long antedated Franco. Franco, like the army, was a negative force. He kept the state immobile and unadventurous; he prevented professional politicians from doing things. He described himself dourly to senior army officers as ‘the sentry who is never relieved, the man who receives the unwelcome telegrams and dictates the answers, the man who watches while others sleep.’ If he had been a younger man he might have devised a plebiscitary framework. As it was, on 6 July 1947 he submitted a ‘Law of Succession’, embodying the monarchical principle, to a vote. Out of an electorate of nearly 17,200,000, 15,200,000 cast their votes and 14,145,163 voted ‘Yes’, under conditions which observers testified to be fair. With that out of the way Franco educated and coached Juan Carlos as his successor. In the meantime, within the framework of negative government, the economy modernized itself with the help of market forces. In the twenty years 1950-70, Spain was transformed. Those living in towns over 20,000 rose from 30 per cent to nearly 50 per cent of the population. Illiteracy dropped from 19 to 9 per cent in thirty years, and in a mere fifteen years the student population doubled. Spain was in some ways more successful in modernizing its backward south than Italy. Physically and visually the landscape of Andalusia was transformed in the quarter-century 1950-75, and the rapidly falling rural population benefited more, in terms of real wages, than the industrial workers of the swelling towns. But the important change was in expectation: surveys showed that workers could expect much better jobs, in pay and prestige, than their fathers; that a man had higher expectations at forty than at twenty. The old hopelessness of Spain, the source of its sullen misery and occasionally of its frantic violence, had gone. During the 1950s and 1960s, in effect, Spain became part of the general modern European economy, sharing its successes and failures and its overall prosperity: the Pyrenees ceased to be a cultural-economic wall.» (id., p.608-609).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§784 From Valencia to Barcelona; The end of the Republic (1931-1939): X-14.

X-14 (§784):

A small voting-Urn, Valencia without its own design,
Being bold timid by fear taken vanquished,
Accompanied by several blond villains,
At Barcelona determined to be prisoners.

(Urnel Vaucile sans conseil de soy mesmes
Hardit timide par crainte prins vaincu,
Acompaigné de plusieurs putains blesmes
A Barcellonne aux chartreux convaincu.)

NOTES: The first hemistich of this quatrain seems to be composed of the first and third lines: A small voting-Urn, Valencia without its own design, Accompanied by several blond villains, and the second of the second and fourth: Being bold timid by fear taken vanquished, At Barcelona determined to be prisoners.

Urnel (A small voting-Urn): From the Latin « urnula, petite urne (a small urn).» (Nimmo) (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.458); « urna, a water-pot, water-jar; a voting-urn.» (Smith-Lockwood) (cf. Ionescu, id.).

Urnel: = « la République (the Republic).»
(Fontbrune, 1939, p.164)

Vaucile
: = « VANCILE: anagramme de VALENCI (an anagram of VALENCI.» (Fontbrune, id.).

Urnel Vaucile: = « La république de Valence (The republic of Valencia).»
(Fontbrune, id.); « Thus Nostradamus suggests a Republic that did not last long, and in fact, this Republic lasted only eight years in Spain... Valencia, the city where the Republican Government settled on November 7, 1936. It retired to Barcelona on October 31, 1937, and there remained until January 26, 1939, when it finished with capitulation.» (Ionescu, id.).

Conseil: = « Vx. Résolution mûrement pesée; Les principes qui dirigent une personne (Arch.
A maturely weighed resolution; The principles that direct a person).» (Petit Robert).

A small voting-Urn, Valencia without its own design: « The thirteen points in outline of May, 1938, by the premier of the Republic Negrín made clear her end of war in proposing the withdrawal of foreign troops, the decision of regime by referendum, the guarantee of the freedom of religion, agrarian reforms, etc., tried to elicit a change of policy toward Spain from Great Britain and France in insisting upon her moderate policies, and offered to Franco the conditions of peace. But neither Great Britain and France nor Franco did respond to his propositions, and his clear definition of the end of war could not strengthen the Republican unity. Rather, the manoeuvres of Negrín through his strong leadership aroused repulsive reaction from his parties. In the middle of August the Leftist Catalonian Republicanism and the Vasco-Nationalist Party quitted the cabinet and the relation of the Central Government with the Catalonian Autonomous Government deteriorated.» (Tateishi, 2000, p.304-305); « Reasons for the nationalist victory were that Franco was extremely skilful in holding together the various right-wing groups (army, church, monarchists and Falangists); the republicans were much less united (anarchists and communists actually fought each other for a time in Barcelona).» (Lowe, 1988, p.175).

Putain: = « (adj.) Mauvais. – En putains jours... (Bad, evil. – In bad days...).» (Huguet). The term in this quatrain is used as the substantive (a villain)

Blesme: = « Blond. – et la frizure blonde De ses cheveux... (Blond. – and the golden curls Of his hairs... ) D
U BELLAY, 4e Liv. de l’Eneide (M.-L., I, 367.)» (Huguet).

Plusieurs putains blesmes (Several blond villains): = Several Russian agents of Stalin in Spain, the majority of the Russians being blond; « It was one of Spain’s many misfortunes at this time that her Civil War coincided with the climax of Stalin’s great terror. Many of the Barcelona murders had little to do with Spain’s internal politics but were, rather, the backlash of events in Moscow and Leningrad. Thus Robles was executed because, as interpreter of General Jan Antonovich Berzin, head of the Russian military mission to Spain, he knew too much about Berzin’s recall and liquidation as part of Stalin’s purge of the army. Stalin was having his leading agents killed all over the world in 1937-8. And, as in Russia, virtually all the creatures who helped him to take over the Left in Spain, and then to terrorize it, were murdered in turn. The head of the
NKVD’s foreign department was cornered in his own office in Paris in February 1938 and forced to take cyanide. Of those who organized arms supplies to Spain, Evhen Konovalek was killed in Rotterdam in May 1938, Rudolf Clement was found, a headless corpse, in the Seine, and Walter Krivitsky, boss of Soviet military intelligence in Western Europe, was chased for three years by Stalin’s hit-men until they got him in Washington on 10 February 1941. In addition to General Berzin, Stalin murdered Michael Koltzov, the famous Pravda Spanish correspondent, Arthur Stashevsky, head of the economic mission to Spain, and Antonov Ovseenko, Consul-General in Barcelona, who was told he was being recalled to Moscow to be made Minister of Justice, a joke characteristic of Stalin’s gallows-humour.» (Johnson, 1991, p.335).

Being bold timid by fear taken vanquished At Barcelona: « Toledo 20 July-27 September 1936. Following the Nationalist military rebellion, the Spanish Republican government sent a militia force of around 8,000 men to take the city of Toledo in July 1936. Around 1,000 Nationalist soldiers commanded by Colonel José Moscardó, the military governor of Toledo, defended the Alcázar against a Republican attack that lasted for around seventy days [Being bold]. The Nationalist resistance held out against heavy bombing and artillery fire until the Army of Africa, commanded by General Franco, arrived to provide relief and defeat the Republicans. Franco emerged as the principal leader of the Nationalists and was proclaimed Generalissimo.» (Grant, 2011, p.782).

« Teruel 15 December 1937-20 February 1938. Having discovered that Franco was planning another major offensive on Madrid, the Republicans decided to launch a preemptive attack on the Aragon front in Teruel. The offensive – mounted in extreme weather conditions – took the Nationalist forces, commanded by Colonel Rey d’Harcourt, by surprise. German and Italian aircraft were grounded by ice, and Nationalist reinforcements were prevented from quickly reaching Teruel. Consequently, as at Brunete [6-26 July 1937] and Belchite [24 August-7 September 1937], the Republicans were initially successful and took the town... Following some of the war’s fiercest fighting, the Republicans were forced to retreat [Being bold timid].» (Grant, id., p.795).

« Cape Palos 5-6 March 1938 On 5 March 1938 a strong force of three Nationalist cruisers supported by destroyers and minelayers put to sea to escort an inbound convoy. At 1:00
AM on 6 March the Nationalist ships steamed headlong into Vice-Admiral Ubieta’s Republican force of cruisers, destroyers, and Soviet-supplied torpedo boats. Dodging a Republican torpedo attack, the Nationalist squadron tried to disengage, preferring to delay the action until daybreak, but Ubieta pursued and, at 2:15 AM, his ships opened fire off Cape Palos, near Cartagena. As the cruisers fought an inconclusive and inaccurate long-range gunnery duel, three Republican destroyers crept unobserved into torpedo range of them. Each ship fired a spread of four torpedoes [Being bold], at least two of which hit the Nationalist cruiser Baleares, flagship of Vice-Admiral Vierna, between her two forward turrets. The explosion detonated her forward magazines and wrecked the forepart of the ship, including her bridge, which disintegrated with the loss of all inside, including Vierna, but the Nationalist blockade remained intact.» (Grant, id., p.795).

« Ebro 24 July-16 November 1938. Having managed to defend Valencia against Nationalist attacks, the Republicans attempted to restore contact with Catalonia with an offensive over the Ebro River. The attack, led by communist General Juan Modesto, once again took the Nationalists by surprise, bringing the Republicans early success. Eighty thousand Republican soldiers crossed the river in boats and attacked General Juan Yagüe’s Nationalist troops, inflicting substantial damage [Being bold]. Upon reaching the town of Gandesa, however, the Republicans met fierce resistance. The rocky terrain offered little cover for the fighters, and German and Italian planes were easily able to target Republican positions [Being timid by fear taken]. Determined to annihilate the Republicans, General Franco ordered large reinforcements to join the battle, which was to last for over three months. Ebro was the last major battle of the Spanish Civil War. Following the defeat, the Republicans continued to concede territory to the Nationalists until 1 April 1939, when General Franco declared the war over, signifying the end of the Spanish Republic [vanquished].» (Grant, id., p.797);

« After the destruction of the
POUM, Republican morale declined steadily. In these circumstances, Franco opted for a war of attrition throughout the appalling winter of 1937-8, and in April he cut Republican Spain in two. Thereafter it was really a matter of time only, with Franco taking no chances and insisting on overwhelming superiority. By the autumn Stalin had tired of the war, had extracted the last ounce of propaganda value out of it, had completed his purges and was already thinking of a new deal, either with the Western democracies or, more likely, with Hitler. He had also got all the Republic’s gold. So he cut off aid, and Franco was able to open his last Catalonian offensive, just before Christmas, confident that the end was near. Barcelona fell on 28 January 1939 [Being vanquished At Barcelona], and Madrid on 28 March. Franco had fought the war without passion, and when he heard it was over he did not even look up from his desk.» (Johnson, id., p.338).

Chartreux: « CHARTREUX, EUSE. Religieux de l’ordre de Saint-Bruno (A monk or a nun of the monastery of Saint-Bruno).» (Petit Robert). Upon this vocable of French dictionaries is modelled by Nostradamus the French word « les chartreux », semantically derived from « Chartre. Prison, cachot (A prison, dungeon).» (Huguet), with the meaning of « the prisoners ».

Convaincre: « Convaincre à: Décider à.» (Huguet); « Décider à means « to determine ».» (Dubois).

Aux chartreux convaincu[s]: [The defeated Republicans were] determined « to be prisoners.»: « Franco determined to end the destructive process of corruption by amputating the agonized limb of Spanish collectivism. His feelings towards the Left anticipated those of the wartime Allies towards Nazism: he got unconditional surrender first, then de-Communized, but in a manner closer to the drumhead purges of liberated France than the systematic trials in Germany. It was not a Lenin-style totalitarian massacre by classes: the Law of Political Responsibilities of 9 February 1939 dealt with responsibility for crimes on an individual basis (the only exception was Freemasons of the eighteenth degree or higher). Strictly speaking, there was no death penalty for political offences as such. But there was a great rage in the conquerors – the Interior Minister, Suñer, wanted revenge for his brothers who had been shot in Republican prisons, and he was typical of thousands – and it was not difficult to pin capital crimes on Republican officials of all degrees. Mussolini’s son-in-law Ciano reported from Spain in July: ‘Trials going on every day at a speed which I would call summary.... There are still a great number of shootings. In Madrid alone between 200 and 250 a day, in Barcelona 150, in Seville 80.’ Some tens of thousands thus died, but the figure of 193,000 sometimes given for the total is wrong, since many death-sentences passed by courts were commuted. Franco made it clear on 31 December 1939 that many long prison sentences (fifteen years was usual) would have to be served: ‘It is necessary to liquidate the hatred and passions left us by our past war. But this liquidation must not be accomplished in the liberal manner, with enormous and disastrous amnesties, which are a deception rather than a gesture of forgiveness. It must be Christian, achieved by means of redemption through work accompanied by repentance and penitence.’» (Johnson, id., p.339).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§783 Franco in revolt shall annihilate the Republic (1936-1939): VIII-26.

VIII-26 (§783):

Those after Cato the Elder found in Barcelona,
The place and territories made unprotected and ruin being,
The great who holds, doesn’t hold, shall want Pamplona.
At the armed abbey of Monferrat drizzle being.

(De Catones trouves en Barsellonne,
Mys descouvers lieu terrouers & ruyne,
Le grand qui tient ne tient vouldra Pamplo
Par labbage de Monferrat bruyne.)

NOTES: De Catones (Those after Cato the Elder): « CATON, subst. mas., t. d’hist. anc., nom de deux fameux Romains remarquables par la sévérité de leurs mœurs. - On le dit familièrement d’un homme sage ou qui affecte de l’être: c’est un Caton; il fait le Caton (term of ancient history, name of two famous Romans remarkable for the severity of their morals. It is said familiarly about a sage man or one who pretends to be so: he is a Caton; he pretends to be a Caton).» (Landais); « Männer, die die Charakterstärke des alten Cato in Rom besaßen, der kategorisch die Vernichtung Hannibals gefordert hatte (Those men, who had the strong character of the old Cato in Rome, who had demanded categorically the annihilation of Hannibal).» (Centurio, 1953, p.175) = The Nationalists led by Francisco Franco, who shall demand the Republican unconditional surrender to end the Civil War in 1939. The interpretation of the term as “ceux que l’on voyait graves et sévères en paroles, et en fait désordonnés et vicieux (those one saw grave and severe in speech, and in deed dissolute and vicious)” (Fontbrune, 1980, p.91) neglects another meaning, more original, of it.

Terrouer: = « terroier, s.m., territoire, possession territoriale (territory, territorial possession).» (Godefroy). The interpretation of this term as “de frayeur (by fright)” (Fontbrune, id.) or “d’épouvante (of terror)” (Guinard, 2011, p.53) can’t be supported grammatically, the form “terrouer” with an alleged adverbial or adjective meaning being unable to be derived morphologically from the Latin verb “terreo (to terrify)” they invoked.

Pamplo: = « Pamplonne. (Pamplona.).» (№10). Pamplona in northern Spain was one of the cities whose Nationalist risings were successful in July 1936 (cf.
Middleton and Heater, 1989, Unit 15, Chart 1).

Labbage
: = L’abbage = L’abbaye + bagage (the abbey + baggage), the abbey representing a magnificent building like an abbey and baggage something related to the army. In short, the neologism abbage means Alcazar (in Arabic a castle) in Toledo.

Monferrat: A metaphor in a very familiar Italian place-name for Toledo as an invulnerable town (an iron-grille mountain), « montagna » and « ferrat » meaning in Italian “mountain” and “iron grille” respectively; « The invulnerable fortress, this is another name of Toledo.» (Kawanari, 1999, p.22).

Bruyne (drizzle): representing figuratively something uncertain in prospect. The 8 usages in all of the words
bruine/bruyne/bruyneux in the Prophecies of Nostradamus have three kinds of meaning: 1° the weather of drizzle (IV-46, VI-25 et IX-100); 2° the situation without favourable perspective (II-83 et VIII-26); 3° to be under shelter (V-35, VI-27 et VI-37), this quatrain falling under the second.

Those after Cato the Elder found in Barcelona, The place and territories made unprotected and ruin being: While the second hemistich of the quatrain treats of the prelusive stage of the Spanish Civil War, the second concerns the conclusive stage: In Barcelona were found the Nationalists on 28 January 1939, the city and the surrounding territories having been conquered by them = On the front of Barcelona the army taken by diligence (§782, VI-64): In Catalonia the Republican army defeated by the Nationalists diligently commanded by General Franco; « Ebro 24 July-16 November 1938. Having managed to defend Valencia against Nationalist attacks, the Republicans attempted to restore contact with Catalonia with an offensive over the Ebro River. The attack, led by communist General Juan Modesto, once again took the Nationalists by surprise, bringing the Republicans early success. Eighty thousand Republican soldiers crossed the river in boats and attacked General Juan Yagüe’s Nationalist troops, inflicting substantial damage. Upon reaching the town of Gandesa, however, the Republicans met fierce resistance. The rocky terrain offered little cover for the fighters, and German and Italian planes were easily able to target Republican positions [The place and territories made unprotected]. Determined to annihilate the Republicans, General Franco ordered large reinforcements to join the battle, which was to last for over three months. Ebro was the last major battle of the Spanish Civil War. Following the defeat, the Republicans continued to concede territory to the Nationalists until 1 April 1939, when General Franco declared the war over, signifying the end of the Spanish Republic [ruin being].» (Grant, 2011, p.797); « Franco in April [1938] cut Republican Spain in two. Thereafter it was really a matter of time only, with Franco taking no chances and insisting on overwhelming superiority. By the autumn Stalin had tired of the war, had extracted the last ounce of propaganda value out of it, had completed his purges and was already thinking of a new deal, either with the Western democracies or, more likely, with Hitler. He had also got all the Republic’s gold. So he cut off aid, and Franco was able to open his last Catalonian offensive, just before Christmas, confident that the end was near. Barcelona fell on 28 January 1939, and Madrid on 28 March.» (Johnson, 1991, p.338).

The great who holds, doesn’t hold, shall want Pamplona
: Franco followed by the Nationalists, only the south and the north of Spain separately in hand, shall try to bring the former (centered in Cadiz) into contact with the latter [represented by Pamplona] geographically and militarily through taking Badajoz between them (cf. Tateishi, 2000, p.293, Chart of July 1936): « Badajoz 14 August 1936. The attack on the Spanish city of Badajoz was one of the first major victories for the Nationalist rebellion against the Republic in the Spanish Civil War. By July 1936 the Nationalist military rebellion against the Spanish Republic had gathered momentum. Soldiers of the Army of Africa, commanded by General Francisco Franco, had been airlifted by German and Italian planes to join the Nationalist offensive in southern Spain. Badajoz was the final remaining Republican outpost on the Portuguese border, isolated from the Republican territory. Under General Franco’s instructions, Lieutenant Colonel Juan Yagüe led a Nationalist force, consisting largely of Foreign Legionaries and Moroccan mercenary fighters, in an offensive against the city. Badajoz was defended by Republican militiamen, who had taken control of the city’s medieval fortress. On 14 August the attack began with heavy artillery and bombing, which enabled the Nationalist forces to breach the defense. The professional Nationalist soldiers faced fierce resistance from the militia force, but at last took control of Badajoz.» (Grant, id., p.783).

At the armed abbey of Monferrat drizzle being
: The so-called ambiguous significance of the battle of Toledo: « Toledo 20 July-27 September 1936. Early in the Spanish Civil War, the siege of Toledo’s Alcázar was a hugely symbolic victory for the Nationalists. The fortress, controlled by Nationalist soldiers, was besieged by Republican militiamen for two months, before General Franco’s Army of Africa arrived to relieve the defenders. Following the Nationalist military rebellion, the Spanish Republican government sent a militia force of around 8,000 men to take the city of Toledo in July 1936. The Nationalist force in Toledo took a number of hostages (family members of known leftists) and retreated into the city’s Alcázar, a half-palace half-fortress [the armed abbey of Monferrat] that had served as a military academy since the nineteenth century. Around 1,000 Nationalist soldiers commanded by Colonel José Moscardó, the military governor of Toledo, defended the Alcázar against a Republican attack that lasted for around seventy days. The Nationalist resistance held out against heavy bombing and artillery fire until the Army of Africa, commanded by General Franco, arrived to provide relief and defeat the Republicans. While strategically the Alcázar was of little value to either side [drizzle being], symbolically it was very important. The victory was the subject of a huge Nationalist propaganda campaign; the liberation was restaged for news cameras on the next day. Franco’s decision to relieve the troops at Toledo, rather than advance to Madrid as many had expected, was taken largely because he recognized the propaganda value of the Alcázar. Franco emerged as the principal leader of the Nationalists and was proclaimed Generalissimo.» (Grant, id., p.782).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§782 The firmness of Franco leading to Republican unconditional surrender (1936-1939): VI-64.

VI-64 (§782):

They shall not keep any fixed pact,
All the containers shall come by deceit:
He protests against a peace and armistice by land and sea,
On the front of Barcelona the army taken by diligence.

(On ne tiendra pache aucune arresté,
Tous recevans iront par tromperie:
De paix & tresve terre & mer proteste,
Par Barcelone classe prins d'industrie.)

NOTES: Pache: = A pact. « pache, pacte, accord, convention (a pact, accord, convention).» (Godefroy).

A fixed pact: = The Non-Intervention Agreement of 1936.
« BIRTH OF THE "NON-INTERVENTION" POLICY The policy of non-intervention in Spain which was adopted on the initiative of France, and of which Great Britain subsequently became the leading advocate, was put into effect six weeks after the outbreak of the Civil War. The object of the promoters of the policy was to prevent the Spanish conflict from expanding into an open war between Great Powers on an arena extending far beyond the bounds of the Iberian Peninsula and at the same time to safeguard the independence of the Spanish nation and its freedom to decide its own destiny. But as the Spanish Republican Government pointed out, their unhappy country itself became the theatre of an international war in fact. Disappointing as the results of the Non-Intervention Agreement were to prove in practice, it is probably true to say that at no time did the danger that the conflagration would spread all over Europe appear as acute as it had seemed during the first five or six weeks of the Civil War. Says Prof. Toynbe, "The States of Europe might still be standing uncomfortably, close to the edge of the precipice; but the facts that the Governments had entered into an agreement not to intervene in Spain and that they continued to pay lip-service to the principle of non-intervention (even though some of them were engaged at the same time in evading to the best of their ability the obligations into which they had entered), indicated that even the most aggressive-seeming among them were genuinely afraid of taking the final-step which might plunge them into the abyss." (Sur. Int. Aff. l937, Vol. II Page 222). Since French sympathies or at any rate the sympathies of most of the supporters of the Popular Front - were naturally with the Spanish Republicans, the French Government might have been expected to take the line that there was no reason for refusing to let the legally constituted Government of Spain have munitions, and other supplies which they needed to help them in putting down an insurrection. But, the decision, as is now well-known, was taken against this course. But, in the meantime, an incident occurred, ( the landing of Italian air-craft on the French Moroccan soil, which has already been alluded to) which definitely proved that foreign nations were intervening to the advantage of the Nationalists. M. Blum and his colleagues came to the conclusion that if the danger of a general ideological war was to be averted and the trouble confined within the frontiers of Spain, something more was required than a unilateral decision on their part to withhold supplies from one party to the conflict. They realized indeed, that in view of the Republican sympathies of their supporters it would be impossible for them to implement their own decision not to send supplies to Spain unless some check could be imposed on the flow of foreign munitions to the Spanish Nationalists. So, a proposal for an agreement to refrain from intervening in the Spanish Civil War by sending supplies of war material to either party was made by the French Government to Governments of Great Britain and Italy on the 1st August 1936. The British Government’s response to this French demarche was prompt and favourable. In a note of the 4th August, they showed their willingness and suggested that other States which had a special interest in the Spanish question (chiefly, Germany, Russia and Portugal) he included in the negotiations. In the hope of speeding up the negotiations the French Government circulated the draft text of a declaration on the 6th August. This provided for a formal renunciation of intervention, direct or indirect, in the Spanish civil war and laid it down that the export to Spain of all war material, including aircraft of all kinds and not excepting, material which had been ordered before the civil war began, should be prohibited by the signatories and that there should be an exchange of information regarding the measures taken by the various Governments to put this prohibition into effect. The prohibition of export of war material from France to Spain was put into effect on the 9th August. (The prohibition on the transit of material through France did not become effective until the 8th September.) The French suggestion was approved by all; but in diplomatic language an approval does not necessarily mean acceptance of concrete terms; and the 'Fascist' Powers now gave the first example of tactics which were to become so unpleasantly familiar later. By delaying their definitive acceptance or refusal to a suggestion they protracted the negotiations without allowing them to break down and laid themselves open to the suspicion that they were deliberately trying to gain time in the hope that the help which they were giving to the Nationalists might turn the scale in the latter’s favour before a decision which might limit activities on their behalf has been taken. On the 5th August, the French diplomatic representative in Moscow was informed that the Soviet Government were prepared to accept the principle of non-intervention in Spain, but that they considered it essential that Portugal should be a party to the Agreement, and the foreign assistance to the rebels should cease immediately; By the 10th August the Soviet Government had signified their approval of the draft text of an agreement which the French Government had forwarded to them. The attitude of Italy was less favourable. Italy declared to adhere in principle to the thesis of nonintervention. The Italian Government asked whether ‘moral solidarity’ with one of the parties to the agreement (as expressed in public demonstrations, etc.) did not constitute a noisy and dangerous form of intervention; and what methods of control over the observance or non-observance of the undertaking not to intervene in Spain were contemplated. For the Italian suggestions, there was a strong suspicion in France that they were put forward in a deliberately obstructionist spirit. The Italian reply to the French proposals was therefore not of a nature to encourage the hope of a successful outcome of the negotiations at an early date. On the 9th August, the German charged Affaires in London gave the British Government a formal assurance that no war material was being sent or would be sent to the Spanish Nationalists from Germany and that German warships in Spanish waters would not take any action which could be interpreted as showing sympathy with or giving support to the Nationalists. Herr Von Neurath was also said to have assured the French Ambassador, when the latter broached the subject of non-intervention, that Germany’s policy towards Spain was one of strict neutrality. The German Foreign Minister's first response to the French proposal was said to have been favourable but in the subsequent diplomatic conversations in Berlin the German attitude became stiffer. By the middle of August, in addition to Great Britain, Russia was the only other State, within the group whose adherence was considered essential, which had yet returned a definite favourable reply. On the 15th August declarations were exchanged in Paris by which the French and British Governments placed on record their decision to abstain vigorously from all intervention direct or indirect, in the internal affairs of Spain and announced that they intended to prohibit the export direct or indirect, the re-export and the transit to any destination in Spain, the Spanish possessions or the Spanish Zone of Morocco, all arms, munitions and materials of war, as well as of all aircraft, complete or in parts and of all warships. Finally, they pledged themselves to put these measures into force as soon as the Governments of Germany, Italy, the U.S. S. R. and Portugal had adhered to the declaration. A statement from Foreign Office in London declared: "It should he realized that the maintenance of a strict and impartial attitude of non-intervention is essential if the unhappy events in Spain are to be prevented from having serious repercussions elsewhere. British subjects who assist either side in Spain by land, sea or air, are not only running grave risks for themselves, but are rendering it more difficult to arrive at the proposed agreement. They must not expect to receive any assistance or support whatever in difficulties which they may meet with during such enterprises, which run counter to the objects which His Majesty’s Government are seeking to attain." (Toynbee, op. cit. p.240). On the 17th August, the German Government had notified the French Government their willingness to accept the terms laid down in the Anglo-French declaration as soon as some little demands were fulfilled. On the 21st August, Italy "allowed herself to be persuaded" not to make the prohibition of 'moral solidarity’ an essential condition for their acceptance of an agreement to forbid the supply of war materials to Spain and they adhered to the Anglo-French declaration on the same terms as Great Britain, and France themselves. On the 21st August, also, the Portuguese Government declared in writing their acceptance not to intervene in the Spanish conflict. But they hedged their acceptance about with so many reservations that they retained very considerable freedom of action. On the 23rd August, the Government of the U.S.S. R. notified the French Government of their formal adherence to the declaration on the usual condition of reciprocity. On the 24th August, the German Government, informed the French Government that in view of the fact that the other interested Governments had now accepted the French Proposals, they themselves would waive the condition that their negotiations over the Lufthansa machine must first be concluded and would put into force immediately the measures for which the declaration provided. The twenty-one Governments which ultimately accepted the Non-Intervention Agreement, in addition to the six specially interested Powers were: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, The Irish Free State, Yugoslavia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Rumania, Sweden and Turkey. It will be noticed that the only European State which was absent from the list was Switzerland, and the Swiss Federal Government had informed the French Government that, while they felt precluded by the permanent neutrality of the Swiss Confederation from participating in the suggested joint declaration: they had on their own initiative taken certain measures designed to secure the same object. As soon as the successful conclusion of the first phase of the non-intervention negotiations had been ensured by the adherence of Germany to the agreement, the French Government had taken a further step. They had invited the Powers to take part in further discussions and had suggested that the most convenient method of arranging for the exchange of information which was an integral part of their plan, might be the establishment of a Committee in London, composed of representatives of all the parties to the agreement. Up to 5th September, all States except Portugal whose attendance was of the first importance, had consented to serve in the Committee. The delay in accepting the French proposals for a Non-Intervention Agreement, and the reservations which accompanied Portugal’s final acceptance, had shown how reluctant Dr. Salazar’s Government were to tie their hands in any way and it was said that, considerable diplomatic pressure from France and Great Britain had been needed to secure the issue in Lisbon, of the decree that placed an embargo on the export on transit of war materials to Spain. By the beginning of September the Portuguese Government had indicated that they might agree to be represented on the Non-Intervention Committee if its scope and competence were more clearly defined; and after the German acceptance had been received it was decided to summon the first meeting of the Committee on the 9th September in the hope that by that time French and British influence in Lisbon would have elicited a definite acceptance. But Portugal was an absentee when the first meeting of the Non-Intervention Committee took place on the 9th September and it was not until the end of September that the combined influence of France and Great Britain exercised not only through diplomatic channels but also through the medium of conversations at Geneva between Mr. Eden and the Portuguese Foreign Minister, was successful in inducing the Portuguese Government to waive their objections to representation on the Non-Intervention Committee.» (Scharma, 1946, p.59-67).

On ne tiendra pache aucune arresté: = On ne tiendra aucune pache arresté[e].

Recevans: = Containers. « Recevant, (subst.) Récipient (Container, receptacle).).» (Huguet).

They shall not keep any fixed pact, All the containers shall come by deceit: « In the two first verses the point in question is the foreign intervention in Spain and the efforts made by the powers to prevent and control it.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.456); « During the battles over Madrid which began in October [1936], the conditions of war changed. Primarily, the relief from Germany and Italy augmented. These two countries recognized the Franco Government on November 18, and therefore took part in the camp of Franco at the risk of their prestige. In November and December Germany sent the ‘Condor Legion’ of her air force in addition to aircraft and tank corps, and then from Italy arrived her ground ‘Volunteer Troops’. Secondly, the U.S.S.R began to grant aids to the Spanish Republic. The U.S.S.R. searching for a security against Germany did not want to confront Great Britain and France by her aids to the Republic nor to face a pro-German regime in place of the Republic in case of its defeat, but as self-fancied leader of anti-Fascism she could not deny the demands of the Republic. Moreover, the campaigns of her solidarity with Spain served to boost the morale of the nation depressed through Stalin’s Great Purge. At the beginning of October the U.S.S.R. declared not restricted by the Non-Intervention Agreement and began to transport relief supplies.» (Tateishi, 2000, p.297-298); « The failure of the efforts made by France and Great Britain to check the internationalization of the conflict is obvious.» (Trémolières IV, p.96).

Sea battle: « Cape Palos 5-6 March 1938 While the Republican navy became listless, the Nationalist navy was extremely active. Concentrated at Palma, on Majorca, Nationalist ships, strongly supported by Italian aircraft, blockaded the Republican coast and escorted convoys of Italian war matériel to the mainland. On 5 March 1938 a strong force of three Nationalist cruisers supported by destroyers and minelayers put to sea to escort an inbound convoy. At 1:00
AM on 6 March the Nationalist ships steamed headlong into Vice-Admiral Luis González Ubieta’s Republican force of cruisers, destroyers, and Soviet-supplied torpedo boats, originally despatched to attack the Nationalist base at Palma. Dodging a Republican torpedo attack, the Nationalist squadron tried to disengage, preferring to delay the action until daybreak, but Ubieta pursued and, at 2:15 AM, his ships opened fire off Cape Palos, near Cartagena. As the cruisers fought an inconclusive and inaccurate long-range gunnery duel, three Republican destroyers crept unobserved into torpedo range of them. Each ship fired a spread of four torpedoes, at least two of which hit the Nationalist cruiser Baleares, flagship of Vice-Admiral Manuel de Vierna, between her two forward turrets. The explosion detonated her forward magazines and wrecked the forepart of the ship, including her bridge, which disintegrated with the loss of all inside, including Vierna. As the smouldering remains of Baleares wallowed in the water, slowly sinking, the remaining Nationalist ships fled. Out of crew of 1,206, 441 survivors were eventually rescued by British destroyers. Cape Palos was the largest naval battle of the Spanish Civil War, and a significant victory for the Republicans, but the Nationalist blockade remained intact.» (Grant, 2011, p.795).

Proteste: = Il [Franco] proteste (He [Franco] protests).

A peace and armistice by land and sea: « The thirteen points in outline of May, 1938, by the premier of the Republic Negrín made clear her end of war in proposing the withdrawal of foreign troops, the decision of regime by referendum, the guarantee of the freedom of religion, agrarian reforms, etc., tried to elicit a change of policy toward Spain from Great Britain and France in insisting upon her moderate policies, and offered to Franco the conditions of peace.» (Tateishi, id., p.304).

He protests against a peace and armistice by land and sea
: « But neither Great Britain and France nor Franco did respond to his propositions, and his clear definition of the end of war could not strengthen the Republican unity... Franco with the menace of all-out assault insisted upon a capitulation without conditions to the bitter end.» (Tateishi, id., p.304-307).

On the front of Barcelona the army taken by diligence
: = In Catalonia the Republican army defeated by the Nationalists diligently commanded by General Franco; « Ebro 24 July-16 November 1938. After an initial success in their last-throw offensive at Ebro, the Republicans were once again driven back by Nationalist forces, suffering huge losses. Aided by German and Italian planes, the Nationalists claimed a decisive victory, which sealed the fate of the Spanish Republic. Having managed to defend Valencia against Nationalist attacks, the Republicans attempted to restore contact with Catalonia with an offensive over the Ebro River. The attack, led by communist General Juan Modesto, once again took the Nationalists by surprise, bringing the Republicans early success. Eighty thousand Republican soldiers crossed the river in boats and attacked General Juan Yagüe’s Nationalist troops, inflicting substantial damage. Upon reaching the town of Gandesa, however, the Republicans met fierce resistance. The rocky terrain offered little cover for the fighters, and German and Italian planes were easily able to target Republican positions. Determined to annihilate the Republicans, General Franco ordered large reinforcements to join the battle, which was to last for over three months. Even when it became clear that they could not win, the leader of the Spanish Republic, Juan Negrín, was unable to withdraw troops as few options remained for the increasingly desperate Republic. In one of the war’s hardest fought battles, both sides incurred huge losses, but for the Republicans these losses were unsustainable. Ebro was the last major battle of the Spanish Civil War. Following the defeat, the Republicans continued to concede territory to the Nationalists until 1 April 1939, when General Franco declared the war over, signifying the end of the Spanish Republic.» (Grant, id., p.797); « Franco in April [1938] cut Republican Spain in two. Thereafter it was really a matter of time only, with Franco taking no chances and insisting on overwhelming superiority. By the autumn Stalin had tired of the war, had extracted the last ounce of propaganda value out of it, had completed his purges and was already thinking of a new deal, either with the Western democracies or, more likely, with Hitler. He had also got all the Republic’s gold. So he cut off aid, and Franco was able to open his last Catalonian offensive, just before Christmas, confident that the end was near. Barcelona fell on 28 January 1939, and Madrid on 28 March. Franco had fought the war without passion, and when he heard it was over he did not even look up from his desk.» (Johnson, 1991, p.338).

Classe prins d'industrie (the army taken by diligence): V. Ionescu’s interpretation of the phrase « classe d'industrie (the class of industry) » as « la classe prolétaire (the proletarian class) » seems illogical because the most ordinary meaning of the term: the class of industry is probably that of enterprisers or capitalists rather than that of workers: « industry friction between labor and industry » (Obunsha); « industry the conciliation of labor and industry » (Koine). And in truth, however, the term classe in this context means army and that of industrie diligence: « Classe (classis). Flotte.» (Huguet); « classis, an army. a. On land (very ancient). b. At sea, a fleet.» (Smith-Lockwood) « INDUSTRIE. 1° Vx: Habileté à exécuter qqch (ability, skill to do something).»
(Petit Robert); « Industrie. Activité, habileté, soin (Industry. Activity, ability, care). – D’industrie. Avec intention, à dessein (By industry. By intention, on purpose).» (Huguet).

The diligence of General Franco: « He exploited the two insurrectionary movements, the Falange and the Carlists, amalgamating them under his leadership, but their role was subservient, indeed servile. Franco was never a fascist or had the smallest belief in any kind of Utopia or system. At his headquarters only one politician had influence: his brother-in-law, Ramón Serrano Suñer, and he was a functionary... Franco made better usages of his human and material resources because he fought a military war, and the Republicans fought a political war. He was a master of the nuts and bolts of war: topography, training, infrastructures, logistics, signals, air control. No genius but very thorough and calm; he never reinforced failure and he learnt from mistakes....» (Johnson, 1991, p.331); « Reasons for the nationalist victory were that Franco was extremely skilful in holding together the various right-wing groups (army, church, monarchists and Falangists); the republicans were much less united (anarchists and communists actually fought each other for a time in Barcelona).» (Lowe, 1988, p.175).
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§781 General Franco against the Leftist Government (2) (1936-1940): VI-19.

VI-19 (§781):

The true flame shall swallow up the country of Spain,
That shall want to involve the Innocents in the fires of war:
Immediately after the assault the army shall have become inflamed,
When in Seville shall be seen a monster like an ox.

(La vraye flamme engloutira la dame,
Que vouldra mettre les Innocens à feu:
Pres de l'assault l'exercite s'enflamme,
Quant dans Seville monstre en bœuf sera veu.)

NOTES: The true flame: = The real flame of war, i.e. the Spanish Civil War. V. Ionescu’s interpretation of the expression as ‘the forces of the true faith of Spain (les forces de la vraie foi de l’Espagne)’ (Ionescu, 1976, p.454) is too narrow, interpolative and one-sided, ‘a true flame’ being never ‘a flame of truth’. This flame is not but the total event of firing crash between the Republicans and the Nationalists in Spain.

La dame (the lady): = The State of Spain. In fact, of 23 usages of the terms dame, Dame and dames in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, 17 refer literally to particular feminine persons and 6 figuratively to sovereign countries as follows: II-44: France under Napoleon I, II-87: France under Louis XVIII, V-9: a country in general, VI-19: Spain, VII-18: France defeated by Prussia in 1870 and X-25: French Empire of Napoleon I. V. Ionescu’s interpretation of the term as ‘the Communism (le communisme)’ (Ionescu, id.) is totally erroneous because there is no such usage found in the Prophecies of Nostradamus. The meaning of the term dame[s] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus is either [a] particular woman [women] or an independent country.

Que: = Qui (a nominative relative pronoun), whose antecedent is the true flame. The nominative relative pronoun “qui” is replaced frequently by “que” in the Prophecies of Nostradamus according to the exceptional usages of the
XVIth century: « As regards the relative pronoun, the most noteworthy feature is the use of que for qui in the nominative, first as a singular, and later as a plural pronoun as well.» (Rickard, p.70). Cf. ung monarque qu'en paix & vie ne sera longuement (§490, I-4), Celui qu'aura la charge de destruire temples & sectes (§261, I-96), Le chef qu'aura conduit peuple infini (§428, I-98) and L'arbre qu'avoit par long temps mort seché (§603, III-91) and also I-99, II-10, III-54, III-94, V-38, VI-15, VIII-28, VIII-88 and IX-29.

Feu (fire): = « Combat, guerre (Combat, war).» (Petit Robert); « mettre à feu (to put on fire) to involve [a country, a city] in the fires of war.» (Suzuki).

The true flame shall swallow up the country of Spain, That shall want to involve the Innocents in the fires of war: « Spanish Civil War, 1936-9 [The true flame shall swallow up the country of Spain]; arose from the resentment of the Army leaders at the growing socialist and anti-clerical tendencies of the Popular Front Republican Government of President Azana. The Civil War began by a revolt of military commanders in Spanish Morocco on July 18th, 1936. The Government remained in control of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia; Cadiz, Saragossa, Seville and Burgos declared for the insurgent nationalists. Spain became an ideological battleground for fascists and socialists from all countries... Some three-quarters of a million lives were lost in the course of the Civil War [That shall want to involve the Innocents in the fires of war].» (Palmer, p.262-263); « The day Madrid surrendered [28 March 1939], Hitler denounced Germany’s 1934 treaty with Poland, having occupied the whole of Czechoslovakia a week before. It was obvious that a European war was inevitable and imminent. Franco’s reaction was a brutal attempt to seal off Spain not only from the coming catastrophe but, as far as possible, from the whole of the twentieth century. Spain had a long tradition of crude social engineering and internal crusades. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries it had expelled in turn vast numbers of Moors, Jews and Protestants. By such macro-persecution it had avoided the Reformation and the horrors of the Wars of Religion. The failure to adopt similar methods of drastic extrusion had permitted the French Revolution to enter and thus crucified the country for fifteen years of civil war, as Goya’s drawings bore eloquent testimony. Now the invasion by post-Christian totalitarian culture had brought another three years of martyrdom [That shall want to involve the Innocents in the fires of war]. On the Nationalist side, 90,000 had been killed in action; 110, 000 Republican soldiers were dead; there were a million cripples; 10,000 died in air-raids, 25,000 from malnutrition, 130,000 murdered or shot behind the lines [That shall want to involve the Innocents in the fires of war]; now 500,000 were in exile, half never to return. The destruction of treasure had been immense, ranging from the famous library of Cuenca Cathedral to Goya’s earliest paintings in his birth-place, Fuentodos.» (Johnson, 1991, p. 338-339).

Pres de l'assault (Immediately after the assault): The preposition près (near) can signify an immediate past as well as a near future: e.g. Pres de Verbiesque conflit mortelle guerre (Near Serbia a conflict, a mortal warfare) (§747, VIII-48); it is worth remarking that the phrase « Pres de Verbiesque » may mean a postwar near future, for the preposition « près (near) » is capable of expressing a proximate past or future in time (e.g. « Heure indue? Monsieur voit qu’il est aussi près du matin que du soir (An undue hour? ... it is as near the morning as near the evening) » (BEAUMARCH.) (Petit Robert)) besides a proximity in space and the word « Verbiesque » with its original sense of verbiage, wordiness, all talk, just words and majuscule initial can designate an International Organization of conference in general, the League of Nations to come after the Great War as Ionescu ingeniously comments so (Ionescu, id., p.378). This is why Nostradamus employed the seemingly odd word Verbiesque at first to make a message of Near Serbia as the original place of the Great War. « près de ... near [in time]: Cet événement est encore trop près de nous (That event is yet too proximate to us).» (Ibuki).

Immediately after the assault the army shall have become inflamed: « After the murder of the monarchist deputy C
ALVO SOTELO (13 Jul. [1936]) [Immediately after the assault] the counter-revolution initiated the 1936-9 Spanish Civil War. [18] Jul. 1936 Military uprising [the army shall have become inflamed] of the generals SANJURIO, GODED, FRANCISCO FRANCO (1892-1975), MOLA, QUEIPO DE LLANO. It was supported by monarchists, Catholics and the Fascist Falange, which had been founded in 1933 by JOSÉ ANTONIO PRIMO DE RIVERA (1903-36), son of the dictator.» (PenguinAtlas 2, p.161).

Seville
: « The city of Seville was among the first centres that rallied to the army of Franco, thanks to General Llano, one of the most eminent figures of the movement of liberation. This city represents here – by synecdoche – the whole nationalist Spain.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.455); « The Civil War began by a revolt of military commanders in Spanish Morocco on July 18th, 1936. The Government remained in control of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Valencia; Cadiz, Saragossa, Seville and Burgos declared for the insurgent nationalists.» (Palmer, id.).

An ox
: A metaphor for military strength, to the detriment of Ionescu’s interpretation as ‘a symbol of the anti-Christian, communist heresy, Baal’ (Ionescu, id.); « ox n. strong as an ox: extremely strong.» (Obunsha).

Monstre en bœuf
(a monster [extremely strong] like an ox): Ionescu’s interpretation of the preposition ‘en’ as ‘contre (against)’ (the prodigious hero who shall fight against Baal – the Bull God, symbol of heresy) (Ionescu, id., p.454-455) is grammatically impossible because the French preposition ‘en’ has no such meaning and the Latin preposition ‘in’, to which he reduces it straightway with a meaning of ‘contre (against)’, does not correspond one by one to the French ‘en’. His is an example of the abuse of the so-called Latinism in Nostradamus. His another abuse of the same genre is found in his interpretation of the quatrain IX-100 (Ionescu, id., p.324).

Quant
(When): = Quand, as in the quatrains V-46, V-59, V-67, V-83, VI-21 and VI-32.

When in Seville shall be seen a monster like an ox
: « [24] Jul. 1936 Establishment of the supreme military command (Junta de Defensa Nacional), which appointed Sep. 1936 General Franco as head of government of the Spanish state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The F
RANCO government was recognized by Germany and Italy in 1936; by France, Britain and the U.S.A. in 1939, after the ultimate defeat of the republic following three years of bitter fighting. Although Spain joined the Anti-Comintern pact (Apr. 1939), she [la dame (the lady)] remained neutral during the 2nd World War.» (PenguinAtlas 2, p.161).

A monster like an ox: « Franco’s philosophy is worth examining briefly because it was so remote from all the prevailing currents of the age, both liberal and totalitarian. The soldier-statesman he most resembled was Wellington, a figure much admired in Spain. Franco thought war a hateful business, from which gross cruelty was inseparable; it might sometimes be necessary to advance civilization. He was in the tradition of the Romans, the crusaders, the conquistadors, the tercios of Parma. In Africa his Foreign Legionaries mutilated the bodies of their enemies, cutting off their heads. But they were under strict discipline: Franco was a harsh, but just and therefore popular commander. He saw Spanish Christian culture as unarguably superior; he found ‘inexplicable’ the Moroccan ‘resistance to civilization’. Later, putting down the Asturian miners, he was puzzled that, while ‘clearly not monsters or savages’, they should lack ‘that respect for patriotism or hierarchy which was necessary for decent man’. His own motivation he invariably described as ‘duty, love of country’. For Franco, the army was the only national institution, ancient, classless, non-regional, apolitical, incorrupt, disinterested. If it was oppressed, it mutinied, as it had done since the sixteenth century and as recently as 1917; otherwise it served. Everything else in Spain was suspect. The Church was soft. Franco was croyant – he made the sceptical Mola pray for ammunition supplies – and he deliberately courted the approval of the hierarchy by setting up an ‘ecclesiastical household’, but he was in no sense a clericalist and never took the slightest notice of ecclesiastical advice on non-spiritual matters. He hated politics in any shape. The Conservatives were reactionary and selfish landowners. The Liberals were corrupt and selfish businessmen. The Socialists were deluded, or worse. He exploited the two insurrectionary movements, the Falange and the Carlists, amalgamating them under his leadership, but their role was subservient, indeed servile. Franco was never a fascist or had the smallest belief in any kind of Utopia or system. At his headquarters only one politician had influence: his brother-in-law, Ramón Serrano Suñer, and he was a functionary. Franco said: ‘Spaniards are tired of politics and of politicians.’ Again: ‘Only those who live off politics should fear our movement.’ He spent his entire political career seeking to exterminate politics. Franco made better usages of his human and material resources because he fought a military war, and the Republicans fought a political war. He was a master of the nuts and bolts of war: topography, training, infrastructures, logistics, signals, air control. No genius but very thorough and calm; he never reinforced failure and he learnt from mistakes....» (Johnson, 1991, p. 330-331).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§780 General Franco against the Leftist Government (1936-1940): IX-16.

IX-16 (§780):

Of a castle Franco shall leave the assembly,
The ambassador shall make a split:
Those of Ribiere shall be in the conflict,
And in the great abyss shall deny the entry.

(De castel Franco sortira l'assemblee,
L'ambassadeur non plaisant fera scisme:
Ceux de Ribiere seront en la meslee,
Et au grand goulfre desnieront l'entree.)

NOTES: Vlaicu Ionescu, having criticized with reason Stewart Robb’s interpretation of the quatrain (Robb, 1961a, p.38-39), gives us a fully elaborate one: « General Franco, having Castile as his base and the Castle of Alcazar in Toledo as his general headquaters (de castel), shall make a split of regime in opposing the Republican government (Franco fera scisme). The ambassador of this government shall leave the League of Nations (l’assemblee) frustrated (non plaisant). The members of the family of Primo de Rivera (ceux de Ribiere) shall engage themselves body and soul in the strife of Franco (seront en la meslee). Once liberated, Spain shall maintain her neutrality in refusing to enter (desnieront l’entree) the great whirlwind of the World War (au grand goulfre).» (Ionescu, 1976, p.454).

Castel: « castel,
V. chastel.» (Daele); « chastel, sm. château (a castle).» (Daele).

Scisme: « Schisme.
Division (a division). On écrit aussi scisme et cisme (One spells also scisme and cisme(Huguet).

Of a castle Franco shall leave the assembly, The ambassador shall make a split: These verses are « a hyperbaton of the phrase: Of a castle Franco shall make a split, The ambassador shall leave the assembly. Franco has made a split in the true sense of the term, for he has separated from the already existent government in Spain and from its ideology, clearly oriented toward the Communism... The assembly here mentioned is surely the League of Nations. It is known that the Republican government had as its ambassador to the League a certain De Vayo, who was seeking [in vain] to obtain the intervention of the great powers in favour of his cause...» (Ionescu, id., p.452-453).

L'ambassadeur sortira l'assemblee: = [Literally] L'ambassadeur expulsera l'assemblee (The ambassador shall expel the assembly) = [En fait] L'ambassadeur sortira de l'assemblee (The ambassador shall get out of the assembly); « 1939 May: 8th, Spain leaves the League.» (Williams, 1968, p.470).

Those of Ribiere shall be in the conflict: « The expression “those of Ribiere” refers not to the Italian Riviera, but to those of the family of Primo de Rivera, the son of the dictator of the same name, who was the founder of the famous Falange, a powerful nationalist organization, which supported the movement of Franco during the whole span of the war. José Antonio Primo de Rivera was assassinated by the communists. The two nephews of the former dictator, having been military chiefs under Franco, were killed on the battlefield. At last the daughter of the former dictator, Pilar Primo de Rivera, led a national organization of women, and another son, Miguel, occupied for a long time high offices of the state led by Franco. Immediately after the war, Franco reorganized the Falange, which constituted the base of the new government. The new chief of the Falange, Ramon Serrano Suñer, brother-in-law of Franco, became Minister of Internal Affairs... In truth, all of the family of Primo de Rivera had important roles in Franco’s fight.» (Ionescu, id., p.453).

And in the great abyss shall deny the entry: = And [Franco and his government] shall deny the entry in the great abyss: « Hitler was less lucky with Spain. Franco was determined to keep out of war, which he saw as the supreme evil, and especially a war waged by Hitler in association with Stalin, which he felt incarnated all the evils of the century. He declared strict neutrality in September 1939. He advised Mussolini to keep out too. As the price for entering the war he pitched his demands impossibly high: Oran, the whole of Morocco, huge territories in West Africa, massive quantities of war supplies and equipment to attack Gibraltar and defend the Canaries. When he met Hitler at Hendaye on 23 October 1940 he not only increased these demands but greeted his German benefactor with icy coldness verging on contempt. As he was himself a professional soldier, and Hitler an amateur – not even a gentleman, a corporal! – he treated Hitler’s customary military tour d’horizon with unconcealed contempt. They talked, wrote Hitler’s interpreter Paul Schmidt, ‘to or rather at one another’ until two in the morning and failed to agree on anything whatever. Hitler later told Mussolini he would rather have two or three teeth out than go through that again.» (Johnson, 1991, p.366).
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§779 The Spanish civil war (1936-1939): V-51.

V-51 (§779):

Peoples of Dacia, of England and Poland,
And of Bohemia shall make a new league:
To pass beyond the pillar of Hercules,
Those of Barcelona and Aragon shall set up a cruel intrigue.

(La gent de Dace, d'Angleterre & Polonne
Et de Bohesme feront nouvelle ligue.
Pour passer oultre d'Hercules la colonne,
Barcins, Tyrrens dresser cruelle brigue.)

NOTES: The pillar of Hercules: « The Straits of Gibraltar.» (Dufresne, 1995, p.169).

Barcins: « Inhabitants or natives of Barcino, Barcelona (Spain).» (Le Pelletier, II, p.420); « BARCINO, The name which Barcelona bore at the time of the Romans’ invasion into Spain.» (Landais).

Tyrrens: = Tyrrene (§507, III-62) = Tiryns = « 
Τίρυνς [Tiruns], Tiryns, a city of Argolis.» (Pillon); « TYRINTHE, Son of Argus and grand-son of Jupiter, founder of the city of Tiryns. – Anc. geogr. A city of Argolis [Argolis may suggest Aragon], near the Gulf of Argolis. Hercules had his residence there.» (Landais). This north-eastern region of the Peloponnesus can represent, in the context of the quatrain where the Iberian Peninsula is the point in question, that of the Peninsula by geographical analogy: Aragon and Catalonia, the provinces of Republican Spain during the Civil War (cf. Duby, p.126, Chart A and p. 127, Chart D). This type of geographical analogy is also found in the quatrain IX-10 (§738) concerning « Fois & Pamyes contre Tholose Carcas (Foix and Pamiers against Toulouse and Carcassonne)».

Or, the interpretation of the term ‘Tyrrens’ by Le Pelletier (II, p.471), followed by Dufresne (id., p.168), as Sagunto (Sagonte) is not historically supported, for the ancient name of Sagunto for the Iberians was « Arse » (cf.
GeoCenter, Euro Atlas Spain Portugal, 2000, p.105, Ze 110); « It is evident that those who at first identified themselves with Arse, passed then to the stage where they came to recognize themselves as Sagontins (Sagontians), the observation for which the monetary legends give an essential support.» (Ripollès et Llorens, 2002, p.25-26).

Peoples of Dacia, of England and Poland, And of Bohemia shall make a new league: To pass beyond the pillar of Hercules: « The first three verses treat of a military alliance rounding up Rumania (Dacia), England, Poland and the ex-Czechoslovakia as well as of their troops jumping over the Straits of Gibraltar in order to intervene in the Spanish civil war. Now, the year 1936 has certainly seen this particular regrouping of nations under the name of “international Brigades”, offering a helping hand to the Republicans opposed to the fascists of Franco. La Chronique du XXe siècle (the Chronicle of the XXth century) (Larousse) tells us about it in the following terms: “The Brigades, created at the end of October, 1936, are composed of a majority of communists, but also of libertarians, of socialists. The French are there some 10,000, the Italians and the Germans about 5,000, the Americans more than 3,000, the Czechs [Peoples of Bohemia] and the Englishmen [Peoples of England] more than 2,000, the Yugoslavs, Canadians and Austrians more than 1,000. The Swiss, Irish, Cubans and representatives of other countries have participated there, too. The movement, spontaneous at the origin, has been rapidly undertaken by the communist parties and by USSR, which, after having received a reserve of gold of the bank of Spain, furnished it with officering and materials.”» (Dufresne, 1995, p.169); « The Russians also sent 1,000 pilots and about 2,000 other specialists, but no large units. They regarded Spain mainly as an international propaganda exercise, and their effort went into organizing the international brigades. Altogether 40,000 foreigners fought for the Republic, 35,000 in the brigades, though never more than 18,000 at any one time. In addition there were 10,000 doctors, nurses and civilian specialists. The largest contingent, about 10,000, came from France, followed by 5,000 Germans and Austrians, 5,000 Poles [Peoples of Poland], 3,350 Italians, about 2,500 each from Britain and the United States, 1,500 each from Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, 1,000 each from Scandinavia, Canada and Hungary, and smaller contingents from over forty other countries [Peoples of Dacia, etc.].» (Johnson, 1991, p.330).

Those of Barcelona and Aragon shall set up a cruel intrigue
: This prediction seems to refer mediately to the Russian intervention full of Stalin’s political intrigues in Republican Spain based in Catalonia and Aragon: « Franco made better usages of his human and material resources because he fought a military war, and the Republicans fought a political war. He was a master of the nuts and bolts of war: topography, training, infrastructures, logistics, signals, air control. No genius but very thorough and calm; he never reinforced failure and he learnt from mistakes... In one sense finance was the key to the war, and Franco and his advisers handled it shrewdly. Their greatest achievement was to maintain a respectable paper currency without the benefit of the nation’s gold reserves and central banking system. By contrast, the Republicans handled their finances with consummate folly. They started with one of the greatest gold reserves in the world: 700 tons, worth £162 million (or $788 million). Instead of using this to raise loans, or for direct payments in the ‘hard’ arms markets of the capitalist countries of the West, while getting arms from the Russians on credit, they handed over more than two-thirds of their gold to Stalin... Still more disastrous, from the Republic’s point of view, was Stalin’s insistence, while being paid in gold on the nail, on a political price for supplying arms at all. The moment the fighting started, and the need for arms became desperate, the influence of the Spanish
CP rose dramatically. This might not have mattered so much if it had led an independent existence. In fact it was controlled through the Russian embassy, by NKVD (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs) and OGPU (Special Government Political Administration) units under Alexander Orlov – who himself went in mortal terror of Yezhov – and by such Comintern figures as the French witch-hunter André Marty, whose face, wrote Hemingway, ‘had a look of decay, as if modelled from the waste material you find under the claws of a very old lion’. It is not clear to this day how anxious Stalin was to win the war; but in any event he was determined to control the Republican side. The Communists – that is, Stalin’s secret police – took over Republican Spain. The result was one of the major political tragedies of the century. It is clear that, if the army had not staged a putsch in July 1936, sooner or later Spain would have had to endure a civil war fought among the Left. It broke out in Barcelona in the spring of 1937, with the Communists fighting the POUM (Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification) and the anarchists. The immediate pretext, as in the wider civil war, was a political murder, of a leading Communist, Roldán Cortada, shot on 25 April, possibly by an anarchist ‘control patrol’, possibly by the Comintern agent Ernö Gerö. Both sides had private armies, secret police forces, gangs of murderous thugs. The moment Negrín was installed as nominal premier, the Communists took over the Interior Ministry and all the key police and paramilitary posts, and moved forward to a règlement des comptes. The purge coincided with Stalin’s massacre of his own party in Russia, and it bore all the marks of his methods. The CP-controlled Madrid police forced two captured Falangists to prepare a fake plan for a Madrid rising by Franco’s much-vaunted ‘Fifth Column’, and they forged a letter to Franco, on the back of this plan, from Andrés Nin, the POUM leader. A great mass of forged documents implicating the POUM in a fascist betrayal was put in a suitcase left in Gerona, then ‘discovered’ by police. On 14 June, Orlov, as head of the Spanish NKVD, probably acting on direct instructions from Stalin, ordered the arrest of all POUM leaders. This was despite the protests of the Communist members of the cabinet (the non-Communist members, least of all Negrín, were not even informed). The Commander of the 29th POUM division was recalled from the front for ‘consultations’ and arrested too. The detained men were taken straight to carefully prepared interrogation-centres and torture-chambers, most of them underground but including the former Barcelona convent of St Ursala, known as ‘the Dachau of Republican Spain’. Efforts by the cabinet to secure Nin’s release were quite unavailing. But Stalin’s plans to make him the centre of a Spanish show-trial were frustrated, since Nin, the model for Orwell’s hero Goldstein in Nineteen Eighty-Four, preferred to die under torture rather than confess. (He was eventually murdered by Orlov in the park of El Pardo, later Franco’s palace.) During the rest of 1937 and well into 1938, many thousands of POUM members, and indeed other Leftists of all descriptions, were executed or tortured to death in Communist prisons. They included a large number of foreigners, such as Trotsky’s former secretary, Erwin Wolff, the Austrian socialist Kurt Landau, the British journalist ‘Bob’ Smilie and a former lecturer at Johns Hopkins University, José Robles. Among those who just managed to escape were Orwell and Willy Brandt, the future German Chancellor.» (Johnson, id., p.333-335).

« It was one of Spain’s many misfortunes at this time that her Civil War coincided with the climax of Stalin’s great terror. Many of the Barcelona murders had little to do with Spain’s internal politics but were, rather, the backlash of events in Moscow and Leningrad. Thus Robles was executed because, as interpreter of General Jan Antonovich Berzin, head of the Russian military mission to Spain, he knew too much about Berzin’s recall and liquidation as part of Stalin’s purge of the army. Stalin was having his leading agents killed all over the world in 1937-8. And, as in Russia, virtually all the creatures who helped him to take over the Left in Spain, and then to terrorize it, were murdered in turn. The head of the
NKVD’s foreign department was cornered in his own office in Paris in February 1938 and forced to take syanide. Of those who organized arms supplies to Spain, Evhen Konovalek was killed in Rotterdam in May 1938, Rudolf Clement was found, a headless corpse, in the Seine, and Walter Krivitsky, boss of Soviet military intelligence in Western Europe, was chased for three years by Stalin’s hit-men until they got him in Washington on 10 February 1941. In addition to General Berzin, Stalin murdered Michael Koltzov, the famous Pravda Spanish correspondent, Arthur Stashevsky, head of the economic mission to Spain, and Antonov Ovseenko, Consul-General in Barcelona, who was told he was being recalled to Moscow to be made Minister of Justice, a joke characteristic of Stalin’s gallows-humour. The only man who escaped Stalin was the arch-killer Orlov himself, who defected, wrote an account of all he knew, informed Stalin that he had arranged to have it published immediately if he died violently, and so was left in peace, publishing his tale after Stalin’s death. It may be asked: how was it that the atrocities against the Left in Barcelona [Those of Barcelona and Aragon shall set up a cruel intrigue] did not cause a wave of revulsion against Stalinism throughout the world? One factor was luck. On 26 April 1937, the day after Cortada’s murder in Barcelona detonated the internal crisis, forty-three aircraft of the Condor Legion bombed the historic Basque town of Guernica, whose famous oak tree had shaded the first Basque parliament. About 1,000 people were killed and 70 per cent of the buildings destroyed. It was not the first bombing of a town by either side, and Guernica was a legitimate target, though the object of the raid was terror. It was decided upon by Colonel Wolfgang von Richthofen, the Legion’s Commander, in consultation with Colonel Juan Vigón, Mola’s Chief of Staff. [General Mola, cynosure of the militant Right (id., p.322).] There is no evidence Mola knew about it beforehand; Franco certainly did not; and the Germans did not know of the town’s historical significance. For the Comintern propagandists – the best in the world – it was a stroke of uncovenanted fortune, and they turned it into the most celebrated episode of the entire war. Picasso, who had already been asked to do a large painting for the Spanish pavilion at the Paris World Fair, leapt at the subject, and the result was later taken to the New York Metropolitan. Guernica helped to push a whole segment of Western opinion, including the magazines Times and Newsweek, over to the Republican side. In the subsequent hullabaloo, the echoes of which could still be heard in the 1980s, when the painting was solemnly hung in the Prado, the sounds of mass-slaughter in Barcelona went unheard.» (Johnson, id., p.335-336).

« The way in which Guernica was used to screen the destruction of the
POUM was typical of the brilliance of the Comintern propaganda, handled by two inspired professional liars, Willi Muenzenberg and Otto Katz, both later murdered on Stalin’s orders. Throughout the Spanish war, Stalinism was assisted not only by superb public relations but by the naïvety, gullibility and, it must also be said, the mendacity and corruption of Western intellectuals, especially their willingness to overlook what W.H.Auden called “the necessary murder”. When Orwell escaped and sought to publish an account of the POUM scandal, “Spilling the Spanish Beans”, in the New Statesman, its editor, Kingsley Martin, turned it down on the grounds that it would damage Western support for the Republican cause. But when Orwell’s exposure appeared in the New English Weekly, it attracted little notice. The intellectuals of the Left did not want to know the objective truth; they were unwilling for their illusions to be shattered. They were overwhelmed by the glamour and excitement of the cause and few had the gritty determination of Orwell to uphold absolute standards of morality, or the experience of the horrors that occurred when relative ones took their place. Many of them treated ‘the Party’ with abject subservience. Besides, the Communists controlled access to Republican Spain. To get there a British writer, for instance, needed a letter from the head of the CP, Harry Pollitt, who worked closely with Victor Gollancz, the leading left-wing publisher, whose Left Book Club dominated the market. The poet W.H.Auden was saved by his ‘Pollitt letter’ from a prison sentence when he was arrested for indecency in a Barcelona Park. A visit to ‘our’ Spain was essential to the self-respect of a progressive intellectual. Just as the Germans, Russians and Italians used Spain to test their new military equipment – exploitation by hardware – so writers went there to acquire material for their next novel or poem, what might be termed exploitation by software. André Malraux, whose novel about the Chinese revolution, La Condition humaine (1932), had made him world famous, went to Spain hoping for a sequel, which duly appeared as L’Espoir (1938). He brought with him a squadron of slow Potex bombers, which created a noisy splash in the papers but did little damage to the nationalists, and anyway had to be crewed by Spaniards. The commander of the Republican fighters, García Lacalle, wrote that Malraux’s people were ‘writers, artists, photographers, women, children and I don’t know what – everything but aviators’. Hemingway was in Spain too, ‘researching’ For Whom the Bell Tolls. Fancying himself hard-boiled and experienced in the cynicism of war, ‘Papa’ was easily duped. When his friend Dos Passos became worried about the disappearance of Robles, whom he knew well (he had in fact already been murdered), Hemingway was tipped off by his ‘amigo’ in counter-espionage, the sinister Pepe Quintanilla, that Robles was a spy, and at once assumed he was guilty. He attributed Dos Passos’ ‘continued belief in Robles’ loyalty to the good-hearted naïvety of a “typical American liberal attitude’” – but of course it was Hemingway who proved naïve.» (Johnson, id., p.336-337).

« After the destruction of the
POUM, Republican morale declined steadily. In these circumstances, Franco opted for a war of attrition throughout the appalling winter of 1937-8, and in April he cut Republican Spain in two. Thereafter it was really a matter of time only, with Franco taking no chances and insisting on overwhelming superiority. By the autumn Stalin had tired of the war, had extracted the last ounce of propaganda value out of it, had completed his purges and was already thinking of a new deal, either with the Western democracies or, more likely, with Hitler. He had also got all the Republic’s gold. So he cut off aid, and Franco was able to open his last Catalonian offensive, just before Christmas, confident that the end was near. Barcelona fell on 28 January 1939, and Madrid on 28 March. Franco had fought the war without passion, and when he heard it was over he did not even look up from his desk.» (Johnson, id., p.338).
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§778 The downfall of the Spanish monarchy (1921-1941): III-19.

III-19 (§778):

In Luke blood and milk shall come to rain:
A little earlier change of the praetor,
Shall make see great plague and war, famine and thirst
The distant place, where their prince-rector shall die.

(En Luques sang & laict viendra plouvoir:
Un peu devant changement de preteur,
Grand peste & guerre, faim & soif fera voyr
Loing, ou mourra leur prince recteur.)

NOTES: Luques (Luke): « Synecdoche – Luke, a city of Spain, for Spain herself.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.447); « In order to indicate Spain, Nostradamus chooses a city of this country, a city which has the name of one of the Evangelists. The point in question is therefore the monarchical and traditional Spain.» (Ionescu, id.).

In Luke blood and milk shall come to rain: « The words “blood and milk” seem to be an indication of the downfall of the King because “blood” means a noble birth and “milk” (together with honey) is a ritual substance of the royal anointment.» (id., p.447-448); «The constitutional monarchy under Alfonso XIII was never very efficient and reached rock bottom in 1921 when a Spanish army sent to put down a revolt led by Abd-el-Krim in Spanish Morocco was massacred by the Moors. In 1923 General Primo de Rivera seized power in a bloodless coup, with Alfonso’s approval, and ruled for the next seven years. The king called him ‘my Mussolini’, but though Primo was a military dictator, he was not a fascist. He was responsible for a number of public works – railways, roads and irrigation schemes; industrial production developed at three times the rate before 1923; most impressive of all, he managed to end the war in Morocco (1925). When the world economic crisis reached Spain in 1930 unemployment rose, Primo and his advisers bungled the finances, causing depreciation of the peseta, and the army withdrew support, whereupon Primo resigned [A little earlier change of the praetor]. In April 1931 municipal elections were held in which the republicans won all the large cities; as huge crowds gathered on the street of Madrid, Alfonso decided to abdicate to avoid bloodshed, and a republic was proclaimed [In Luke blood and milk shall come to rain]. The monarchy had been overthrown without bloodshed, but unfortunately the slaughter had merely been postponed until 1936.» (Lowe, 1988, p.171-173);

« 1931 Apr: 14th, King Alfonso flees in Spanish revolution and Alcalá Zamora becomes President of provisional government.» (Williams, 1968, p.528).

Praetor: « Ancient-Roman magistrate below consul.» (Sykes).

A little earlier change of the praetor: « 1930 Jan: 28th, dictatorship of Primo de Rivera ends in Spain and General Damaso Berenguer forms ministry.» (Williams, id., p.524).

In Luke blood and milk shall come to rain: A little earlier change of the praetor, Shall make see great plague and war, famine and thirst
: = In Luke blood and milk shall come to rain: A little earlier change of the praetor, [which] Shall make see great plague and war, famine and thirst: Namely, the downfall of the monarchy and the Republican political inefficiency in Spain make finally ensue the civil war [war] with horrible atrocities [great plague] and miseries [famine and thirst]: « It was an unexpected flare-up in Spain in 1936 that first brought the forces of Fascism and democracy (or was it communism?) into open conflict. Franco, the Spanish general who led the right-wing revolt against the not very competent left-wing government of Spain, quickly got the upper hand in this fighting. During 1937 he completed the conquest of the north; in 1938 he split the remaining republican territory into two halves by driving through to the Mediterranean. The next year’s campaign was to bring him complete victory. By then a half a million Spaniards had died, more of them in the mass executions that both sides were prone to indulge in than in the front-line fighting. The Spanish Republic had come into existence in 1931, when a popular rebellion forced King Alfonso XIII to flee. The Republicans then attempted to push Spain from the eighteenth century into the twentieth in one go, a programme that alienated the church, the army and the upper classes and finally precipitated Franco’s rebellion. Franco received important, but probably not critical, help from Hitler and Mussolini; the Republicans got a bit of help – not enough to make any difference – from Stalin, and rather more from the international communist movement which sponsored the volunteer international Brigades.» (McEvedy, 1982, p.70).

Rector
: « Head priest of church, etc.; head of university, college, school, or religious institution.» (Sykes).

The distant place, where their prince-rector shall die
: « The last verse returns to the King Alfonso XIII, who shall die far off his country. Nostradamus names him “prince-rector” because the word “rector” has the meaning of ‘chief’, but also ‘by right, good, legitimate and virtuous’. The good King of legitimacy shall die in Rome [on February 28, 1941], far off his country.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.447).
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§777 The Fascists aspiring to revive the Roman glory end in catastrophe (1922-1945): VI-66.

VI-66 (§777):

At the foundtion of the new sect,
Shall be found the bones of the great Roman,
The covered sepulcher of marble shall appear,
The earth shall tremble in April, deformed burials.

(Au fondement de la nouvelle secte,
Seront les oz du grand Romain trouvés,
Sepulcre en marbre apparoistra couverte,
Terre trembler en Avril, mal enfouetz.)

NOTES: The new sect: = « the Fascism.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.535).

The bones of the great Roman: = « those of Caesar.» (id.).

At the foundtion of the new sect, Shall be found the bones of the great Roman: = When the sepulcher of the great Roman found (§772, III-65) = The buried shall come out of his tomb (§773, VII-24): « The profound cause of the birth, the development and the end of the Fascism was the worship of [Caesar and] the Roman emperors, of whom it made a model.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.535).

Sepulcre en marbre apparoistra couverte: = Sepulcre en marbre couverte apparoistra, the feminine form of the word ‘couvert’, “couverte”, being rhymed with “secte” of the first line.

The covered sepulcher of marble shall appear: The success in the beginning of the Fascist party = One of the Royal mountain, Who bets and is reliable, shall come to tyrannize, Shall raise troops of the Milanese march (§770, VII-32).

Enfouetz: The past participle in the plural of the verb « enfouer, v.a., enfouir, enterrer (to bury, to inter).» (Godefroy).

The earth shall tremble: The phrase “terre tremble (the earth to tremble)”, together with “tremblement de terre (tremble of the earth)”, is a manner of saying preferred by Nostradamus for expressing « A war/ a war to take place » (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.459). All of the 12 usages of this expression in the Prophecies of Nostradamus are in this sense without exception (I-20, I-46, I-93, II-52, III-3, VI-66, VI-88, VIII-29, IX-31, IX-83, X-60 and X-79). Moreover, of the other 24 phrases including the word “trembler (to tremble)”, 17 are yet in this sense (I-57, I-82bis, I-87, II-68, II-86, IV-54, IV-90, V-27, V-50, V-61, V-68, IX-33, IX-60bis, IX-94 and X-67) as well as the other 5 with an expression of ‘fear’ (III-88, IV-5, IV-36, V-23 and XII-65) and only the remaining 2 are allotted otherwise (II-64: enfeebling of laws; V-49: shake of the regime). In conclusion, 34 of 36 usages of the word “trembler (to tremble)” are designed to signify the war.

The earth shall tremble in April, deformed burials: = The earth shall tremble [It shall take place the World War II], deformed burials in April [in April 1945 Mussolini was assassinated and hung] (Ionescu, id., p.536): « He declared war on Britain and France on June 10th, 1940, when France was already defeated. On the following October 28th his troops invaded Greece but were repulsed and, soon after, suffered reverses in Libya and East Africa. These defeats weakened Mussolini’s prestige, especially as the Fascists had always sought to inculcate admiration for the glories of war. By the summer of 1941 Mussolini had become virtually a German pensionary but it was not until July 25th, 1943, that a coup by King Victor Emmanuel and Marshal Badoglio forced him to resign. He was imprisoned, but was rescued from the Appennines by German parachutists (September 12th, 1943) and set up a Republican Fascist Government which administered German-occupied northern Italy. On April 28th, 1945, he was captured by Italian partisans and shot on the shore of Lake Como while attempting to escape into Switzerland. His corpse was taken to Milan and hung in the Piazzale Loreto amid demonstrations of public execration.» (Palmer, p.194-195).

In April, deformed burials
: « The tragic end of the Duce. The Italian partisans, refusing to deliver Mussolini to the Allies, shot him with 17 loyals of his followers. His mistress shared the same fate. Their corpses hung by the legs were subject to the public vengeance at Loreto Place in Milan.» (Trémolières IV, p.61).
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§776 The belligerent Mussolini disastrous in the end (1935-1945): IX-80.

IX-80 (§776):

The duke shall want to terminate those of his own,
Shall send the strongest into foreign countries,
By tyranny shall ruin Pise and Lucca,
Next the barbarous shall reap harvests without wine.

(Le duc vouldra les siens exterminer,
Envoiera les plus fortz lieux estranges,
Par tyrannie Pize & Luc ruiner,
Puis les barbares sans vin feront vendanges.)

NOTES: The duke: = Your great Duke (§775, X-64) = Il Duce Benito Mussolini (§774, IX-96); « This quatrain is remarkable even from the first words, for the word “duke (duc)” indicates us with the greatest clarity Mussolini, “il Duce”.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.526).

Les siens (those of his own): = « his [Mussolini’s] own people.» (Halley, 1999, p.145).

Les plus fortz (the strongest): = the strongest of his people = the soldiers of his army, Ionescu’s interpretation of the verses as “his best forces (ses meilleures forces)” (Ionescu, 1976, p.528) being too narrow to be faithful to the text.

Lieux estranges: = En lieux estranges (into foreign places), sur les pays étrangers (to the foreign countries) (Ionescu, id.), this type of ellipse of preposition can be called as “embrouiller prophetiquement (to embroil prophetically)” (See Category d, §5, A l’Entrée des Prophéties).

The duke Shall send the strongest into foreign countries: = He claims the army led to the vulnerable gates, They shall wage wars, death of bloodshed (§774, IX-96). 

Pise and Lucca: = « By synecdoche: Italy herself.» (Ionescu, id., p.526).

The duke shall want to terminate those of his own, Shall send the strongest into foreign countries, By tyranny shall ruin Pise and Lucca
: = One of the Royal mountain shall come to tyrannize, Shall exhaust Faenza, Florence, wealth and the nation (§770, VII-32): « From the Corfu Incident of 1924 [sic; (1923)] to the attack on Abyssinia of 1935, [Mussolini] indulged in an aggressive foreign policy. Although at first hostile to Hitler’s Germany because of its ambitions in Austria (Italy’s neighbour), the similarity between the Fascist and Nazi systems and the international ostracism imposed on Italy because of the Abyssinian War led Mussolini to bring the two countries together in what he called the ‘Axis’ of 1936. At Easter 1939 he annexed Albania. He declared war on Britain and France on June 10th, 1940, when France was already defeated. On the following October 28th his troops invaded Greece but were repulsed and, soon after, suffered reverses in Libya and East Africa. These defeats weakened Mussolini’s prestige, especially as the Fascists had always sought to inculcate admiration for the glories of war. By the summer of 1941 Mussolini had become virtually a German pensionary but it was not until July 25th, 1943, that a coup by King Victor Emmanuel and Marshal Badoglio forced him to resign. He was imprisoned, but was rescued from the Appennines by German parachutists (September 12th, 1943) and set up a Republican Fascist Government which administered German-occupied northern Italy. On April 28th, 1945, he was captured by Italian partisans and shot on the shore of Lake Como while attempting to escape into Switzerland. His corpse was taken to Milan and hung in the Piazzale Loreto amid demonstrations of public execration.» (Palmer, p.194-195).

The barbarous
: « The “barbarous” are the troops of Hitler, who invaded Italy, in order to resist the Allies.» (Ionescu, id., p.528).

Next the barbarous shall reap harvests without wine: « During the World War II, the Germans will intervene to occupy the weakened country of Mussolini, but their sanguinary efforts will rest without result.» (Ionescu, id.); « Mussolini is no more than a marionette in the hands of the Führer. He opposes against the government of Marshal Badoglio an ‘Italian Social Republic’ born on December 1st, 1943, on the shore of Lake Garda. Surnamed the ‘Republic of Salo’, this ephemeral regime is not but a last misadventure of the radical fascism, subject to the German protector, whose members draw the northern Italy into fire and blood.» (Trémolières IV, p.61).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§775 Mussolini into war to be lost in the end (1940-1943): X-64.

X-64 (§775):

Weep Milan, weep Lucca, Florence,
For your great Duke who shall mount the chariot,
Who shall change his seat to advance near Venice,
When the Pillar at Rome shall change.

(Pleure Milan, pleure Luques, Florence,
Que ton grand Duc sur le char montera,
Changer le siege pres de Venise s'avance,
Lors que Colomne à Rome changera.)

NOTES: Milan, Lucca, Florence: Representing Italy by synecdoche, = Millane, Florence (§770, VII-32), = Luc (§776, IX-80).

Your great Duke
: = Il Duce Benito Mussolini (§774, IX-96), = the Duke (§776, IX-80)

Colomne: = the Pillar of the state of Italy, i.e., the sovereign King of Italy, being from the Latin « columna, ae, f., a column, pillar, post.» (Smith-Lockwood). The word Columna in the quatrain IX-2 (§770) represents Colonne near Rome, though it resembles perfectly columna, while the word Colomne represents columna, though it nearly resembles Colonne. These are the perverse expressions familiar in the domain of prophecies.

Weep Milan, weep Lucca, Florence, For your great Duke who shall mount the chariot, Who shall change his seat to advance near Venice, When the Pillar at Rome shall change: = §770, VII-32: One of the Royal mountain shall be born of a hovel... Shall exhaust Faenza, Florence, wealth and the nation: « He declared war on Britain and France on June 10th, 1940, when France was already defeated [your great Duke who shall mount the chariot]. On the following October 28th his troops invaded Greece but were repulsed and, soon after, suffered reverses in Libya and East Africa. These defeats weakened Mussolini’s prestige, especially as the Fascists had always sought to inculcate admiration for the glories of war [Weep Milan, weep Lucca, Florence, For your great Duke who shall mount the chariot...]. By the summer of 1941 Mussolini had become virtually a German pensionary but it was not until July 25th, 1943, that a coup by King Victor Emmanuel and Marshal Badoglio forced him to resign [When the Pillar at Rome shall change]. He was imprisoned, but was rescued from the Appennines by German parachutists (September 12th, 1943) and set up a Republican Fascist Government which administered German-occupied northern Italy [Who shall change his seat to advance near Venice].» (Palmer, p.194-195).

Who shall change his seat to advance near Venice: « Mussolini is no more than a marionette in the hands of the Führer. He opposes against the government of Marshal Badoglio an ‘Italian Social Republic’ born on December 1st, 1943, on the shore of Lake Garda. Surnamed the ‘Republic of Salo’ [his seat near Venice], this ephemeral regime is not but a last misadventure of the radical fascism, subject to the German protector, whose members draw the northern Italy into fire and blood.» (Trémolières IV, p.61).
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§774 Mussolini in Rome and overseas (1922-1939): IX-96.

IX-96 (§774):

The army denied to enter the city,
Il Duce shall enter there by persuasion,
He claims the army led to the vulnerable gates,
They shall wage wars, death of bloodshed.

(Dans cité entrer exercit desniee,
Duc entrera par persuasion,
Aux foibles portes clam armee amenee,
Mettront feu, mort de sang effusion.) (№10)

NOTES: Exercit: = « exercite, s.m., armée (army).» (Godefroy).

Desnier: = Dénier (to deny, to refuse) (Dubois).

Duc
: « ‘Duc’ may be taken for ‘Duce’, the title Benito Mussolini assumed as fascist head of the Italian State after 1924.»  (Halley, 1999, p.145).

Clam
: = Clame by apocope, for the liaison with armee; « clamer, v.n. crier, réclamer (to cry, to claim).» (Godefroy).

The army denied to enter the city, Il Duce shall enter there by persuasion
: At Udine he told them, in the last of a series of major speeches given all over the country: ‘Our programme is simple: we wish to govern Italy.’ He would govern Italy as it had never been governed since Roman times: firmly, fairly, justly, honestly, above all efficiently. On 16 October 1922 Mussolini decided to force the issue, believing that if he waited, Giolitti, the one man he feared, might steal his role. He arranged for a march on Rome for the end of the month, by four divisions totalling 40,000 blackshirted men. Many army and police commanders agreed not to fire on them, and his paper, Il Popolo d’Italia, carried the banner: I grigioverdi fraternizzano con le Camicie Nere! [The graygreens (of the Italian Army uniforms) will fraternize with the Black Shirt (of the Fascists)!] Mussolini had a lifelong capacity for hovering uneasily between grandeur and farce. By the time his ill-equipped, badly clothed and unfed army had halted outside Rome [The army denied to enter the city], in pouring rain, on the evening of 28 October, it did not present a very formidable spectacle. Mussolini played his cards skillfully. When he was telephoned in Milan by the King’s
ADC, General Cittadini, and offered partial power in a new ministry, he simply replaced the receiver. The next day, 29 October, he graciously consented to form his own government, provide the invitation by phone was confirmed by telegram. The wire duly came, and that evening he went to Milan Station in state, wearing his black shirt, to catch the night-sleeper to Rome... [Il Duce shall enter there by persuasion]» (Johnson, 1991, p.99-100).

Duc
: « ‘Duc’ may be taken for ‘Duce’, the title Benito Mussolini assumed as fascist head of the Italian State after 1924.»  (Halley, 1999, p.145).

He claims the army led to the vulnerable gates, They shall wage wars, death of bloodshed

« 1935 Jun: 23rd, Anthony Eden offers Benito Mussolini concessions over Abyssinia, which he rejects.» (Williams, 1968, p.546);
« 1935 Oct: 2nd, Italy invades Abyssinia.» (Williams, id., p.548);
« 1935 Oct: 19th, League imposes sanctions against Italy.»  (Williams, id., p.548); The vulnerable gates: « The vulnerable gates would then be those of Makale, the provincial capital of Ethiopia, when fell to the Duce on 8 November 1935.»  (Halley, id.);
« 1936 May: 5th, Italians occupy Addis Ababa, ending Abyssinian war [They shall wage wars, death of bloodshed] and, 9th, Abyssinia is formally annexed by Italy.»  (Williams, id., p.552);
« 1937 Mar: 16th, Benito Mussolini visits Libya.»  (Williams, id., p.558);
« 1938 Oct: 25th, Libya is declared to be part of Italy.»  (Williams, id., p.566);
« 1939 Jan: 1st (-6th), Édouard Daladier [radical Socialist premier of France] visits Algiers, Tunisia and Corsica to counter Benito Mussolini’s demands for colonies in North Africa; 10th, Neville Chamberlain and Lord Halifax visit Rome for conversations with Benito Mussolini.»  (Williams, id., p.568);
« 1939 Apr: 7th, Italy invades Albania.»  (Williams, id., p.568).
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§773 Mussolini, Pius XI and Hitler (1929-1939): VII-24.

VII-24 (§773):

The buried shall come out of his tomb,
Shall make bind the strong of the bridge with chains:
Shall be poisoned with the roes of a barbel,
A great of Lorraine by the Marquis of the Bridge.

(L'ensevely sortira du tombeau,
Fera de chaines lier le fort du pont:
Empoysoné avec œufz de barbeau,
Grand de Lorraine par le Marquis du Pont.)

NOTES: The buried shall come out of his tomb: = When the sepulcher of the great Roman found (§772, III-65) = At the foundation of a new sect, The bones of the great Roman shall be found, The sepulcher of marble shall appear covered (§777, VI-66): « The profound cause of the birth, the development and the end of the Fascism was the worship of the Roman emperors, of whom it made a model.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.535).

The buried Shall make bind the strong of the bridge with chains
: Mussolini’s strategic policy of his reconciliatory agreement with the Pope has a nuance of fastening the Holy See (le fort du pont, the strong of the bridge, the fort of the Pontiff, the Vatican) within his regime in a manner: « An understanding was reached with the pope by the Lateran Treaty (1929). Mussolini, though something of an atheist himself, was well aware of the power of the Roman Catholic Church, and put himself out to win over Pius XI who, as the Duce well knew, was obsessed with the fear of communism. The result was the Lateran Treaty by which Italy recognised the Vatican City as a sovereign state, paid the pope a large sum of money as compensation for all his losses, accepted the Catholic faith as the official state religion and made religious instruction compulsory in all schools. In return the Papacy recognised the kingdom of Italy. Some historians see the ending of the long breach between church and state as Mussolini’s most lasting and worthwhile achievement.» (Lowe, 1988, p.100).

Shall be poisoned
: This expression is analogous to that of the preceding quatrain: His blood in the sacred chalice poisoned (§772, III-65), in this case the Pope Pius XI (le fort du pont, le Marquis du Pont) shall be poisoned by a great of Lorraine (Hitler).

The roes of a barbel
: a very delicious plate.

A great of Lorraine
: = Hitler, Alsace-Lorraine belonging to the Nazi Germany.

The Marquis of the Bridge
: = the Pope Pius XI, the French word le Pont (the Bridge) immediately suggesting the Pontiff, and the etymology of the word le Marquis (the Marquis): “la marche”, i.e. « Province frontière d’un état, A frontier province of a state.» (Petit Robert) recalling the Vatican, a frontier district of Italy.

Shall be poisoned with the roes of a barbel, A great of Lorraine by the Marquis of the Bridge
: The construction is as follows, the preposition ‘by (par)’ being in dislocation (cf. §731-sequel 5): The Marquis of the Bridge shall be poisoned with the roes of a barbel by a great of Lorraine: « Initially, Pius saw Communism as more damaging than the emergent National Socialism of Germany, and therefore he signed the concordat [the roes of a barbel] with Hitler in 1933. Nevertheless, it quickly became obvious that National Socialism was both oppressive and dangerous and so, after many protests addressed to the Nazi government, Pius denounced it in 1937 as anti-Christian and ordered his letter to be read from every Catholic pulpit.» (Maxwell-Stuart, 2006, p.225).
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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