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§816 The Operation ‘Neptune/Overlord’ (1944.6.6): I-29.

I-29 (§816):

When the terrestrial and aquatic fish
Shall be set on the sand through strong waves,
Its form strange, sweet and yet horrible,
Soon the enemies by sea to the walls.

(Quand le poisson terrestre & aquatique
Par forte vague au gravier sera mis,
Sa forme estrange suave & horrifique,
Par mer aux murs bien tost les ennemis.)

NOTES: « A clear account of the D-Day invasion of the Normandy beaches, with an exact description of the amphibious tanks and ducks employed by the Allies.» (Roberts, 1969, p.10).

Le poisson terrestre & aquatique
(the terrestrial and aquatic fish): = « Les embarcations amphibies (the amphibious boats).» (Ionescu, 1976, p.554); « It is clear that the text of Nostradamus refers to the landing in Normandy on 6 June 1944 and the featuring of the amphibious tanks and ships is quite remarkable, for these machines played, in fact, a decisive role in this operation of the Allies.» (Ionescu, id., p.555); « “The United States entered the Second World War with the fully developed theory of amphibians, which was finally adopted by the other great Allies. On the contrary, the German failure to develop an adequate doctrine of amphibians and their tactical possibilities was the major cause of the fall of Hitler...” (Encyclopedia Britannica, ‘Amphibious Warfare’, vol. I, p.822).» (quoted Ionescu, id., p.554); « This invasion across the English Channel was an extremely hazardous operation. Apart from the risks run in the actual assault upon Hitler’s Fortress Europe, the crossing of almost 100 miles of treacherous sea was in itself fraught with danger. At the end of that crossing the assault craft bearing the troops which were to seize the beachhead, and the amphibious ‘swimming’ tanks with them, had to come in on a tide attaining half-flood 40 minutes after first light...» (Maule, 1972, p.372); « The Allies had plenty more surprises for the Germans on D-Day, not the least being a variety of specialized tanks designed to overcome minefields, obstacles and concrete fortifications. Since 1943 the British 79th Armoured Division had been an experimental formation working out ideas for all kinds of ingenious armoured vehicles: amphibious tanks, flame-throwing tanks, bull-dozing tanks and many others. While the swimming tanks and the first infantry went ashore, the Allies were equipped with multiple rocket vessels, and artillery and mortars at the bows of landing crafts. This was to give them close fire-cover throughout the dangerous period when the enemy would be manning their guns again in the lull after the naval bombardment...» (Maule, id., p.381); « Thanks to ceaseless day-and-night efforts by the crews of scores of DUKWs (amphibious trucks) which had crawled clear of the sea as the storm broke, a growing stream of supplies was brought in from the big off-shore transports...»
(Maule, id., p.395).

Gravier: = « Graviere 1. Gravier, sable (Gravel, sand). – Les Islaelites estoient innombrables comme la graviere de la mer (... innumerable like the sand of the sea).
FOSSETIER, Cron. Mag., II, 2 v° (G.).» (Huguet); « At Omaha beach, however, it was a far less happy story. There the firm 300 yards of sandy foreshore culminated in a steep shingle bank, most of it backed by a sea wall...» (Maule, id., p.388).

Par forte vague au gravier sera mis, Sa forme estrange suave & horrifique: « ... lancées en vagues massives arriveront sur les plages de Normandie, leur forme étrange et insolite paraîtra bien plaisante aux Français et effrayante aux Allemends (... being thrown in the massive waves shall arrive at the shores of Normandy, their strange and insolent form appearing truly sweet for the French and fearful for the German).» (Ionescu, id., p.554).

Par forte vague (through strong waves): « But however brilliant the Allied invasion plan, the final intangible of the weather on the chosen day was an uncontrollable yet vital factor. As D-Day, for which June 5 had been named, drew nearer, the fine, sunny days of May gave place to dull, rainy weather. Weatherships and aircraft out in the Atlantic reported depressions approaching, with accompanying high winds and low cloud. The experts predicted that these depressions would envelop the Channel area all through June 5 to 7, and that the sailing of the invasion fleet would be highly dangerous. When the first-wave troops had already embarked on June 4, the weather worsened to a storm, and General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme commander, had no option but to postpone the invasion. Nevertheless, with the wind-lashed Channel still turbulent, that night the meteorologists gave reason to hope the storm might decrease sufficiently for landings next day. On the strength of this forecast, Eisenhower ordered the invasion fleet to sail... Although the Germans had known that an invasion was imminent, they were taken by surprise. The stormy weather had proved to be a blessing in disguise. Certain that no landings could be attempted with such high seas running, three of the senior commanders were away from their headquarters, including Rommel himself... The sea was heaving sickeningly, a cold wind lashing the invaders with spray, as they went in soon after dawn...» (Maule, id., p.375-381);

« Late in 1943, the British Admiralty became responsible for preparing the sea, swell and surf forecasts for Operation OVERLORD, the world's largest amphibious assault. To do so, as of 1 February 1944, the Admiralty's Naval Meteorological Service activated a Swell Forecast Section. There follows a first-hand account of how this unit prepared the requisite wave predictions for D-Day (6 June 1944), the Big Storm (19-22 June 1944), and over-the-beach supply operations following the destruction of the artificial harbor at the OMAHA beachhead. The same British and American meteorologists were then posted to the Joint Meteorological Centre, Colombo, Ceylon to assist in the invasion of Rangoon, Burma (Operation DRACULA).» (Bates, 2010, p.1).

« Sea, Swell and Surf Forecasting for D-Day Once General Eisenhower became the Supreme Allied Commander (SAC) at SHAEF [Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionay Force], he persuaded the Combined Chiefs of Staff and its superiors, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, that the initial OVERLORD assault required five beachheads spread over 50 miles of Normandy coastline rather than the original three beachheads. This expansion brought about three changes worth noting here. First, the maritime assault phase now had its own name, NEPTUNE. Second, the launch date for NEPTUNE/OVERLORD was postponed from early May to early June. Third, as of early April, the SHAEF complex of 1,300 personnel would move from central London's Norfolk House into a newly constructed cantonment within the 1,100 acre Bushy Park located next to the four-century old palace known as Hampton Court.» (Bates, id., p.9).

« General Eisenhower was noted for allowing his staff members to perform their "dog work" without interruption from above. Even so, after being reared on the stark Kansas prairie, he was a "weather worrier" with a tendency to pop in informally and personally inspect the weather charts. Furthermore, during Monday, April 17th, "Ike" announced to the admirals, generals and air marshals assembled for the regular weekly command briefing (Stagg, 1971): ... when the time comes to start OVERLORD, we are going to have to rely very much on the weather forecast, so I want to hear what our weather experts can do. Each Monday until then Group Captain Stagg will tell us what he thinks the weather will be for the rest of the week.» (Bates, id., p.11).

« During the first four weeks of May, 1944, English weather was unusually benign. Over the North Atlantic Ocean, the upper atmosphere featured a "high index zonal flow" pattern with only minor north-south perturbations embedded therein. Thus, even during May 28th, the day that Stagg and Yates were moving from London to Southwick Park, Stagg's five-day forecast stated "mainly quiet wind conditions would continue for the coming week," i.e., through Sunday, June 4th, or the day just prior to launching the long awaited invasion of France.» (Bates, id., p.13).

« General Eisenhower made the tense situation worse during Friday, June 2nd. With the proposed D-Day just three days away, "Ike" advised Stagg that he now required weather briefings during both morning and evening hours.» (Bates, id., p.15).

« Time Line: Ocean Wave Advisories for the Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force
1943 Monday, 29 May 1000 DBST [Double British Summer Time (Two hours in advance of Greenwich time)]: SAC weather briefing by team of Stagg-Yates-Fleming.
Friday, 2 June
1000 and 2130 DBST: SAC weather briefing as above.
Saturday, 3 June 2130 DBST: SAC weather briefing as above for proposed D-Day of pending Monday but meteorological conditions appear doubtful.
Sunday, 4 June 0430 DBST: SAC weather briefing as above. D-Day postponed 24 hours. 2130 DBST: SAC weather briefing advises improving situation during pending Tuesday so SAC offers a tentative "Go."
Monday, 5 June 0415 DBST: SAC weather briefing confirms improving weather pattern so Eisenhower orders full "Go" for NEPTUNE on 6 June. 1915 DBST: Eisenhower visits Fleming's weather shack. Stagg advises: "I hold to my forecast!"» (Bates, id., p.34).

« Table 3. SHAEF 5-Day Wave Forecast for 5/9 June 1944*
Swell: In western approaches to English Channel, and south of 50 degrees N up Channel as far as the Cherbourg Peninsula: 6 to 7 feet Monday, decreasing to 4 to 5 feet Tuesday, 3 to 4 feet remainder of period, westerly direction throughout.
Sea: Monday, 5 June:
(a) Western approaches to English Channel: 8-10 feet mixed sea and swell.
(b) Near the English Coast, in the Channel: 3-4 feet west of Portland Bill, 2-3 feet in the east.
(c) French Coast (except western Cherbourg Peninsula): 5-6 feet decreasing to 3-4 feet.
(d) Southernmost North Sea: 5-7 feet.
Tuesday, 6 June, D-Day, Areas as above.
(a) 3-4 feet wind waves.
(b) 2-3 feet becoming 3-4 feet in the west.
(c) and (d) 3-4 feet except for 2-3 feet in southwestern Bay of Seine.
Wednesday to Friday, 7, 8, and 9 June.
(a) 5-7 feet mixed sea and swell.
(b) 2-3 feet, risk of 4 feet.
(c) 3-5 feet, but 2-4 feet in Bay of Seine.
* Prepared at 2200 DBST, Sunday, 4 June 1944, by 1st Lt. John Crowell, AC.» (Bates, id., p.16).

« Table 4. Observed Wave Conditions at NEPTUNE Beachheads, 6-7 June 1944*
6 June 1944 (D-Day) 0300 DBST OMAHA: Troop unloading area 10 nautical miles offshore experiences gusty northwesterly winds of 12-18 knots. Wave heights of 3-4 feet with occasional interference waves up to 6 feet. Choppiness makes personnel transfer difficult.
0540-0640 DBST ALL BEACHES: Skirted Sherman tanks (DD-Dual Drive, treads and propellers) launched even though operational limit is 1-foot high waves.
Consequences:
UTAH: Launched 0.6 miles offshore into 2-foot waves. 27 out of 28 tanks reach shore.
OMAHA: Launched 3.5 miles offshore into 3-4 foot waves. 27 out of 29 tanks sink.
GOLD & JUNO: Launched 0.4 miles offshore into 3-foot waves. 42 out of 58 tanks reach beach.
SWORD: Launched 2.2 miles offshore into waves less than 2 feet high. 24 out of 24 tanks reach beach.
1200 DBST UTAH: Surf less than 2 feet high. OMAHA: Transport unloading area continues with choppy waves 3 to 4 feet high; surf 2 feet high.
1800 DBST OMAHA: Surf 1 to 2 feet high; offshore waves 2-3 feet high. Wind remains northwesterly 12-18 knots.
7 June 1944 (D-plus-One) 1200 DBST OMAHA: Offshore waves still 2-3 feet high... northwesterly wind speed of 10 knots or less. Surf 1-2 feet high.
* Pritchard, D.W., 1st Lt., AC. Memorandum to Regional Control Officer, 21st Weather Squadron dto 30 June 1944.
Fletcher, David. Swimming Shermans: Sherman DD Amphibious Tank of World War II. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006.» (Bates, id., p.18).

The enemies: = The enemies, having proceeded by sea [par mer], were the Allies against the overland German garrisons.

The walls: = The walls of Paris, “walls (murs)” in the Prophecies of Nostradamus very often referring to those of some great or principal city in question. In fact, of 24 examples in all of the term: Mur/Murs (Wall/Walls), 19 refer to the walls of a town or a city (of Paris: I-29, III-6, III-7, III-50, V-18, V-81 and IX-39; of Berlin: II-57 and III-84; of Valence II-63 [au mur], of Saint-Quentin and La Fère III-33, of Calais IV-52, of Turin and Milan IV-90, of Marmande VIII-2, of Genoa IX-26, of Toulouse IX-37, of Bourges IX-93, of Moscow IX-99 and of Rome X-65), one to the buildings (X-89) and 4 to a function of obstacle or protection (II-63 [le grand mur], III-56, VI-51 and X-45).

Soon the enemies by sea to the walls: « The breakout of Allied forces from Normandy in August led rapidly to the liberation of Paris. After French Resistance fighters began an uprising in the city on 19 August, General Charles de Gaulle’s Free French forces, fighting as part of Eisenhower’s Allied armies, raced for Paris [Soon the enemies by sea to the walls]. A column of French tanks reached central Paris on 25 August. As the Germans withdrew, celebrations in Paris began, and so too did reprisals against alleged collaborators. Around 9,000 French people were summarily executed and tens of thousands subjected to public humiliation – for example, women were paraded with shaved heads – before De Gaulle formed a provisional government and restored order.» (DKHistory, p.400-401). Ionescu’s interpretation of the last line as « A la suite de cette action sur mer (par mer), les armées allemandes seront bientôt retirées dans leurs fortifications (aux meurs bient tost les ennemis) (Following this action on the sea, the German armies shall be soon driven into their fortifications).» (Ionescu, 1987, p.351) is not pertinent because the only one phrase par mer cannot signify the event: A la suite de cette action sur mer and his variant meur (meaning literally maturité (maturity) according to Godefroy, then meaningless in the context of this quatrain) in place of mur is not authentic according to many reliable versions of the text (№ 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 
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§815 The Allied three operations of landing (1941-1944): IX-97.

IX-97 (§815):

The armies from the sea divided in three parts,
For the second the rations shall fail,
The desperate seeking for the Elysian Fields,
The firsts entering a breach shall have a victory.

(De mer copies en trois parts divisees,
A la seconde les vivres failleront,
Desesperez cherchant champs Helisees,
Premiers en breche entrez victoire auront.)
(№10)

NOTES: The armies from the sea divided in three parts: This quatrain seems to concern the Allied three operations [divided in three parts] of landing [The armies from the sea] in WWII, namely, those of Overlord on Normandy in June 1944 (called the first in the quatrain), of Torch on North Africa in November 1942 (called the second) and of Husky on Sicily in July 1943 or of Dragoon on Provence in August 1944 (either is qualified to be the third, otherwise ‘Husky’ being able to be a strategical extension of the second or ‘Dragoon’ to be considered as a corollary of the first).

For the second: = For the Allied forces in North Africa where the Allied landing is to be effected in November 1942.

Failleront: = failliront (to shall fail); « faillir. Fut. S.I. falrai, etc. – ou faillerai, etc. – ou faillirai, etc. (the third person plural future of faillir. Falront, – or failleront, – or failliront)» (Daele).

For the second the rations shall fail, The desperate seeking for the Elysian Fields: « Soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union [22 June 1941], Rommel had began to plan a new attack on the besieged port of Tobruk, which had become the key to the war in North Africa. He needed it to supply his troops and to eliminate the threat to his rear. Tobruk was now held by the British 70th Division, reinforced with a Polish brigade and a Czech battalion. During the desert summer, with its mirage shimmer of the desert under a blazing sky, a sort of phoney war had developed, with little more than the odd skirmish along the wire of the Libyan frontier. British and German reconnaissance patrols chatted to each other by radio, on one occasion complaining when a newly arrived German officer forced his men to open fire after a tacit ceasefire had been arranged. For the infantry on both sides, life was less amusing under such conditions, with just a litre of water a day for drinkung and washing. In their trenches, they had to cope with scorpions, sand-fleas and the aggressive desert flies which swarmed over every piece of food and every inch of exposed flesh. Dysentery became a major problem, especially for the Germans. Even the defenders of Tobruk were short of water, as a Stuka had wrecked the desalination plant. The town itself was badly battered by shellfire and bombing, and the harbour half full of sunken ships. Only the determination of the Royal Navy kept them supplied. Members of the remaining Australian brigade began bartering war loot for beer as soon as a ship arrived.» (Beevor, 2012, p.223-224).

The Operation ‘Torch
: « The Allied landings in French North Africa took place on November 8, 1942. This entry into north-west Africa came a fortnight after the launching of the British offensive on Rommel’s position at Alamein, in the extreme north-east of Africa, and four days after the collapse of that position. At the ‘Arcadia Conference’ in Washington at Christmas 1941 – the first Allied conference following the Japanese stroke at Pearl Harbor which brought the United States into the war – Mr Churchill put forward the ‘North-west Africa Project’ as a step towards ‘closing and tightening the ring around Germany’. He told the Americans that there was already a plan, ‘Gymnast’, for a landing in Algeria if the Eighth Army gained a sufficiently decisive success in Cyrenaica for it to push westward to the Tunisian border. President Roosevelt favoured the project, being quick to see its political advantages in grand strategy, but his Service advisers were dubious about its practicability while anxious les lest it should interfere with the prospect of an early and more direct attack against Hitler’s hold on Europe. The most they were willing to agree was that study of the operation, now rechristened ‘Super-Gymnast’, should continue... The American Chiefs of Staff reacted to this contention with renewed objections to ‘Gymnast’ – Marshall’s condemnation of it as ‘expensive and ineffectual’ was supported by Admiral King’s declaration that it was ‘impossible to fulfil naval commitments in other theatres and at the same time to provide the shipping and escorts which would be essential should that operation be undertaken’. They also agreed in viewing the British refusal to attempt a landing in France in 1942 as clear evidence that the British did not really want to risk it even in 1943. So Marshall, readily supported by King, proposed a radical change of strategy – that unless the British accepted the American plan for an early cross-Channel attack ‘we should turn to the Pacific and strike decisively against Japan; in other words assume a defensive attitude against Germany, except for air operations; and use all available means in the Pacific’. But the President objected the idea of delivering such an ultimatum to his British allies, expressed his disapproval of the proposed strategic switch, and told his Chiefs of Staff that unless they could persuade the British to undertake a cross-Channel operation in 1942 they must either launch one into French North Africa or send a strong reinforcement to the Middle East. He emphasised that it was politically imperative to take some striking action before the year ended... In choosing north-west Africa as the alternative, rather than a reinforcement to the Middle East, Marshall’s prime reason, according to Harry Hopkins, was ‘the difficulty of mixing our troops with the British in Egypt’. While a mixture would also occur in the case of a combined operation in north-west Africa, it was obvious that American reinforcements to the Middle East would have come under a British Commander-in-Chief. The adoption of ‘Super-Gymnast’ was formulated at two further meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, American and British, in London on July 24 and 25 – and promptly endorsed by Roosevelt. On Churchill’s initiative the operation was rechristened ‘Torch’, as a more inspiring name. It was also agreed that the supreme command should be given to an American – an ointment to the sore feelings of the American Service chiefs that Churchill was very ready to provide – and on the 26th Eisenhower was told, by Marshall, that he was to have the post.» (Hart, 1971, p.310-312).

« World War II : War in North Africa El Alamein 23 October – 4 November 1942 The Battle of El Alamein marked the beginning of the end for the Axis in North Africa. The charismatic Field Marshal Rommel was comprehensively defeated by the British Eighth Army, and Allied material superiority meant that he had little chance of rallying his broken forces. Following on from the defensive success at Alam Halfa, Montgomery built up his forces to fight the key battle for North Africa. The British had built a defensive line at El Alamein because the Quattara Depression to the south was impassable to mechanized forces. A narrow choke point prevented the German panzers from operating on their preferred southern flank with open terrain. Now that the British had moved over to the offensive, the proposed battlefield also suited the Eighth Army, whose main strength lay in its artillery and infantry formations. By mid-October 1942, Montgomery could deploy approximately double the number of men and tanks available to Rommel’s German-Italian army. The British also enjoyed the invaluable advantage of air superiority over the battlefield. Aware that an attack was imminent, Rommel had prepared his defenses as best he could, sowing hundreds of thousands of antitank and antipersonnel mines along his front to slow any British advance. Rommel returned to Germany to recuperate from illness shortly before the British offensive was launched, command passing to a subordinate. Montgomery’s plan comprised a diversionary attack to the south, spearheaded by Free French troops, while the main attack would come in the northern sector, close to the coast. The British would break into the Axis line and force them to counterattack. In the process, the British would weak down the enemy’s offensive capability... Rommel, meanwhile, had flown back to North Africa to resume command, and he immediately mounted spirited counterattacks... But progress by the infantry, especially the Australian and New Zealand Divisions, opened up corridors through the Axis defenses that the British could exploit. On 2 November Rommel signaled to Hitler that the battle was lost. Although initially refused permission to retreat, Rommel began the withdrawal of his German units, leaving his Italian allies – who lacked motor transport – to be mopped up by the British. By 4 November the motorised elements of the Axis were in full retreat, and because of the sluggish British follow-up they were allowed to escape virtually unscathed. But this was of limited strategic importance because the British victory at El Alamein was confirmed by Operation Torch, the Anglo-American landings in North Africa on 8 November. The Axis forces were now being squeezed in the Allied vice, and their expulsion from North Africa was only a question of time.» (Grant, 2011, p.846-847).

The firsts
: = Those of the first part of landing, namely that in Normandy.

The firsts entering a breach shall have a victory: « World War II: Western Front Normandy Landings 5–6 June 1944 On 4 June, U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, made the decision to launch Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Europe in World War II. Bad weather forced a one-day postponement, but a short period of acceptable weather meant 6 June was marked as D-Day. Allied soldiers and sailors were already loaded in more than 3,400 ships and began moving across the English Channel. More than 130,000 men were to land on five beaches spread along 50 miles (80 km) of Normandy coast. Before dawn on 6 June, 1,000 air transports and gliders dropped one British (6th) and two U.S. (82d and 101st) airborne divisions – some 18,000 paratroopers – behind the beaches, with the mission to seize key roads and bridges and seal the invasion area from German reinforcements. Although darkness, poor weather, and pilot confusion caused many paratroopers to land in the wrong locations, the men assembled in small groups and fought their way to their objectives. British gliders brought their troops in on target to seize the important bridges at Caen and Orne. Before sunrise on 6 June, British Royal Air Force planes also began prelanding bombing, Allied deception operations had worked well... At the day’s end, the Allies held small but growing beachheads, while Allied airpower prevented German reserves from arriving. The successful Allied landing opened the door, into Europe, which led to the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany [The firsts entering a breach shall have a victory].» (Grant, 2011, p.864-865).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§814 British endurance and German decline (1940-1945): III-71.

III-71 (§814):

Those in the isles long besieged
Shall gather vigour and force against enemies:
Those outside dying of hunger, put to rout,
Shall be driven into a greatest famine ever heard.

(Ceux dans les isles de long temps assiegés
Prendront vigueur force contre ennemis:
Ceux par dehors morts de faim profligés,
En plus grand faim que jamais seront mis.)

NOTES: Those in the isles long besieged Shall gather vigour and force against enemies: « Unless otherwise indicated, references to “THE ISLES,” in Nostradamus, are always to the British Isles. When France fell in June, 1940, many believed that those in the Isles were doomed. But they were not. Slowly and painfully, England won strength. Every day and in every way the R.A.F. grew stronger and stronger and its bombing raids longer and longer.» (Robb, 1961a, p.124).

Faim (hunger, famine): This term in the Prophecies of Nostradamus is often a metaphor for the disasters of war. In fact, of 37 examples of the word faim or famine in all, 25 are figurative and only 12 literal.

Those outside: = Those besieging the isles = the enemies of England = the Germans.

Profliger: = « Mettre en déroute, vaincre (To rout, to defeat). Profligé. Mis en déroute, vaincu (To be put to rout, defeated).» (Huguet).

Those outside dying of hunger, put to rout, Shall be driven into a greatest famine ever heard: « More the Allies shall gain time, more Germany shall be found weakened under their blows and arrive at such a great misery as above all the cases she has ever known.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.550).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§813 The grand Alliance of UK and USA (1940-1945): II-89.

II-89 (§813):

From the yoke shall be freed the two great masters,
Their great power shall be seen augmented:
The new land shall be in its high beings:
As to the sanguinary one the number reckoned up.

(Du jou seront demis les deux grandz maistres
Leur grand pouvoir se verra augmenté:
La terre neufve sera en ses haults estres:
Au sanguinaire le nombre racompté.)

NOTES: Jou: = Joug (yoke); « Jou, orthographe attesté de joug (Jou is an attested orthography of joug (TL au mot jou).»
(Brind’Amour, 1996, p.321).

Demis: = Pp. of « Demettre. Écarter (to remove from).» (Huguet).

Maistre: = « docteur, médecin (a doctor, a physician).» (Godefroy) = Master.

The two great masters: « In A.D. 1776, THIRTEEN American colonies renounced British suzerainty. One hundred and sixty-five years later [1776+165=1941], forty-eight United States offered all-out aid to the mother country in her hour of need through H.R. 1776, the lease-lend bill, a declaration of interdependence... An announcement on August 14, 1941, disclosed the first steps in this direction. Somewhere on the war-infested waters of the Atlantic Ocean, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill met and agreed on a joint eight-point declaration of their war aims, renouncing all territorial aggrandizement and agreeing to resist all territorial changes not according with the freely expressed wishes of those people concerned. The statement of “the two great masters” was released simultaneously in London, Ottawa, and Washington.» (Boswell, 1941, p.339-343).

From the yoke shall be freed the two great masters:
« Throughout 1941, Britain fought on against the Nazis. The chief threat to Britain at this stage in the war lay in the Battle of the Atlantic – German attempts to cut off the country’s seaborne supplies of food and war material [the yoke (to UK)]. In May, the German battleship Bismarck sortied into the Atlantic. After sinking the Royal Navy battle cruiser HMS Hood, Bismarck was tracked down, halted by torpedoes dropped from Swordfish aircraft, and then sunk by British battleships. The British and Canadian navies were less successful at protecting merchant convoys against German submarines, however, and losses were soon mounting. The British people felt the effect of this in reduced food rations. Britain did not hesitate to ally itself with the Soviet Union, despite Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s strong dislike of Soviet communism. But the British really needed the US to enter the war. President Roosevelt made no pretence of neutrality. In March, he introduced Lend-Lease to supply Britain with military equipment paid for by the US government. American shipyards and factories benefited greatly from this, as did American workers with plentiful and well-paid jobs. Later in the year, free military aid from the US was extended to the Soviet Union. In August, Roosevelt and Churchill met at Placentia Bay in Newfoundland, Canada, where they agreed the Atlantic Charter, a statement of joint war aims embodying liberal democratic principles. American warships were already escorting convoys in the eastern Atlantic, and in October a US destroyer was sunk by a German torpedo, but Roosevelt felt he lacked the popular support [the yoke (to USA)] needed for a declaration of war. Roosevelt’s dilemma was resolved by the Japanese. The US opposed Japan’s expansion into Asia, and after Japanese troops entered French Indochina in July Roosevelt imposed an oil embargo. Since Japan was entirely depended on imported oil, its government had the choice of abandoning its military ambitions or fighting a war with the US. Following a plan advocated by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, on 7 December, Japanese carrier aircraft delivered a surprise attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The raid sank or damaged 18 warships and destroyed around 300 aircraft, which severely damaged the US Pacific fleet. The shock of the raid on Pearl Harbor ensured popular American support for war with Japan, but not with Germany. To the relief of both Churchill and Roosevelt, Hitler chose to declare war on the US in support of his Japanese allies [From the yoke shall be freed the two great masters]. At the Arcadia Conference in Washington at the end of the year, Britain and the US agreed a military strategy that gave priority to defeating the Germans. The two countries also agreed to unify their military command under the Combined Chiefs of Staff.» (DKHistory, p.392-393).

« ONE OF THE most extraordinary aspects of World War II was the high degree of cooperation achieved between Great Britain and the United States. That cooperation began long before America actually entered the conflict and continued, despite tensions and disagreements, to the very end. Never before in history had two allies come as near to success in pooling their resources, in meshing their military and diplomatic efforts, and in planning and carrying out a common strategy as did the two great English-speaking nations between 1939 and 1945. As more and more of the documents of the period are opened to public view, it becomes increasingly clear that much of this unique instance of cooperation resulted from the accident of history that brought Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston S. Churchill to positions of leadership at a critical juncture in world history and from the personal relationship that ripened between the two men during a time of common emergency. Seldom have two world leaders worked together so closely or attained such a degree of intimacy. In World War I President Woodrow Wilson and Prime Minister David Lloyd George had been antagonists as much as allies, and their personal relationship was distant, and often strained. In World War II Roosevelt and Churchill became friends. The friendship between the two men first developed through one of the most extensive and comprehensive correspondences between world leaders in all history. In the five and a half years between the outbreak of war in Europe and the death of Roosevelt more than 1,700 letters, telegrams, and other messages – over 700 from Roosevelt and over 1,000 from Churchill – passed between the two men, an incredible average of nearly one each day. While some were, to be sure, one-liners – Roosevelt’s retort “Some baby!” on March 30, 1943, is a fine example – others ran for five pages and more. Churchill, who usually ranged wider than did the President and wrote less tersely, needed fifteen pages – plus an appendix – to describe the war situation on December 7, 1940. In these letters the basis for Anglo-American cooperation was established and the means for implementing it devised long before the United States actually entered the war. As early as February 1940 Roosevelt expressed his desire for a personal meeting; and in August 1941, while America was still technically neutral, the first of nine conferences was held, during which the two leaders [the two great masters] cemented their relationship. This historic meeting took place aboard two warships in Argentia bay, off the coast of Newfoundland. After the United States had entered the war, Churchill traveled to Washington several times to meet with the President: in December 1941, June 1942, and May and September 1943. Both men went to Casablanca in January 1943, to Quebec in August 1943, to Cairo and Teheran in November of that year, to Quebec again in September 1944, and to Yalta in February 1945. All in all, they spent some 120 days in each other’s company, and what success they achieved in conferences owed not a little to the groundwork, both substantive and personal, which had been laid in their correspondence.» (Loewenheim et al., 1975, p.3-5).

Their great power shall be seen augmented:
« Drawing on their experience at the first Washington conference, the Allied military chiefs moved to increase coordination, and they created the Combined Chiefs of Staff in December 1941. Deputies of the senior commanders of the British armed services were assigned to Washington as the British joint ataff mission, and a committee system paralleling the British system was set up for the Combined Chiefs of Staff. This comlex system made it possible to achieve the high degree of coordination that was vital for the rest of the war. From the time of their first meeting on January 23, 1942, into the postwar years, the Combined Chiefs of Staff met regularly every Friday. Out of this close association there emerged a spirit of personal and professional respect that made easier the work of developing a combined strategy. On the other side of the Atlantic Churchill presided over the Cabinet Committee of Imperial Defense, a group that met once a week, or sometimes more frequently, to prepare for eventualities and to determine policies. On the basis of these decisions the various government departments drew up more detailed plans.» (Loewenheim et al., id., p.24); « At the heart of the Pentagon was another new body, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the committee of the armed service chiefs, which co-ordinated American planning and had an effective liaison organization working with its British equivalent. Although there were many disputes, Anglo-American planning was much more effective than the chaotic German or Japanese equivalents, with their capricious leaders and vicious inter-service rivalries. The JCS organization was truly a major factor in the Allied victory.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.78).

The new land shall be in its high beings:
« The USA at War The war was kinder to the United States than to any other warring nation. The country ended the war with the lowest casualty rate of any major combatant and the American people generally prospered in the economic boom the war brought. In late 1940 President Roosevelt spoke of his wish that the United States would become the “arsenal of democracy”. Even before Pearl Harbor this wish was fast becoming a reality and its consequences were transforming the USA and its relationship with the rest of the world. No informed observer in 1939 was in any doubt about the country’s potential strength, but when the war in Europe began 15 per cent of the workforce was unemployed, factories were idle and other economic indications confirmed the gloomy picture. By 1945 much had changed. In the course of the war the USA manufactured a stunning total of 300,000 military aircraft, 86,000 tanks and vast amounts of every other conceivable kind of military equipment. The US armed forces were the most lavishly equipped in the world and, over and above their supplies, American production also met an estimated 25 per cent of British needs, 10 per cent of Soviet requirements and large proportions of every other Allied power. Some 15 million men served in the US armed forces during the war along with 350,000 women, a total only surpassed by the Soviets. From 1942 this huge military establishment was controlled from the Pentagon, the world’s largest building, which had been newly opened in Washington, DC. In December 1941 Congress passed the War Powers Act giving the President more executive authority than he had ever had before. A whole range of government agencies was soon set up to manage various important aspects of the war economy – the War Production Board and Office of War Mobilization being among the most important. Manpower was perhaps the first issue. Conscription never dug as deep in the USA as in many other countries – married men were seldom drafted, for example. Men not drafted did not have to take war jobs and women were not compelled to work or serve in any way. Big business and ordinary people both prospered during the war. Corporate profits soared and so did farm prices. wages rose 50 per cent in real terms. The number of women working outside the home also expanded by about a third to 22 per cent of the workforce. Previously, women in paid work had generally been young, unmarried or childless, but older women and mothers commonly took jobs during the war. Although the idea of women doing “man’s work” was much publicized, the reality was slightly different. Few women moving into the workforce took over jobs previously done by men; rather they took new jobs, often of types that had not commonly existed previously. Indeed at the heart of the war production boom were a mass of such productivity improvements: new technologies, better machine tools, greater use of assembly-line methods and more.» ( Sommerville, 2008, p.78-79).

Racompter
: = To reckon up; « Raconter. Recompter (to recount, to count again).» (Huguet); « raconter. compter (to reckon ).» (Godefroy).

The verses 1-3 derive the following consequence:
As to the sanguinary one the number reckoned up
: « Au sanguinaire Hitler, les jours seront alors comptés (For the sanguinary Hitler, his days shall be then counted over).» (Ionescu, 1976, p.553); « A.» ( Sommerville, 2008, p.194-).

N.B. Ionescu’s interpretation that the two great masters of the quatrain are the leaders of the USA and the USSR (Ionescu, 1976, p.553) is not pertinent because their relationship is only a simple military cooperation between the common enemies of Hitler, whereas that of Churchill and Roosevelt is conscientiously friendly in addition to the closest possible unification of military strategy, logistics and operations.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§812 Krafft, Goebbels and Hitler (1940-1945): II-36.

II-36 (§812):

The writings about the great Prophet shall be received,
Shall change in the hands of the tyrant:
To deceive his king shall be his enterprises,
But his rapines shall soon trouble him.

(Du grand Prophete les letres seront prinses,
Entre les mains du tyrant deviendront:
Frauder son roy seront ses entreprinses,
Mais ses rapines bien tost le troubleront.)

NOTES: Letres: = Writings; « letre, lettre (de l’alphabet) (letter of the alphabet) – écriture (writing), écrit (what is written).» (Daele).

Du grand Prophete les letres: = Les letres du grand Prophete = The writings concerning the great Prophet, the preposition « de (of) » expressing « l’Objet d’une action (the Object of an action); à propos de (about), au sujet de (concerning).» (Petit Robert).

Deviendront: = [They] shall change, shall suffer vicissitudes; « DEVENIR. Absolt. Philo. Changer, évoluer. (Without complement. To change, to progress).» (Petit Robert). The interpretation of the term by Ionescu as “ dévieront (they shall deviate)” is wrong because he ungrammatically first demands in vain a complement from the intransitive verb without complement “devenir” and then impromptu appeals to a seemingly like verb “dévier (to deviate)” (Ionescu, 1976, p.506; 1993, p.51).

The writings about the great Prophet shall be received, Shall change in the hands of the tyrant: To deceive his king shall be his enterprises: « It will be interesting that in this prediction [§811, V-94] so difficult to decipher the famous astrologer and Nostradamus researcher Krafft was wrecked in the true sense of the word: Krafft had recognized the Russian dictator Stalin in the here named “Duke of Armenia”. This interpretation [The writings about the great Prophet] he reported to the Propaganda Minister of the Third Reich, in order to warn the responsible Leader of the German policy through Dr. Goebbels [the tyrant]. Hitler [his king] did listen to none of the words of this warning, for Dr. Goebbels was too talented for falsifications. With his notorious eloquence he succeeded in making Krafft believe that not Stalin but Hitler should be meant [Shall change in the hands of the tyrant]. ... this reinterpretation [Shall change].. » (Centurio, 1953, p.128; cf. Centurio, id., p.55); « Now, Krafft saw that in the last verse it is said that this “Duke of Armenia” would arrive at Vienna, and even at Cologne (Köln), which is equivalent to the conquest of Germany by Stalin. Goebbels, who was then the Minister of Propaganda and Informations, could not risk telling Hitler this eventual failure. This took place in 1940-1941, at the full ascension of the Reich. As Propaganda Minister he saw in the matter a good occasion to make the work of Krafft a mean of propaganda in favour of the Nazism [To deceive his king shall be his enterprises]. What is certain, it is that Krafft corrects his work, which is then published by the Ministry of Propaganda in all the European languages, and diffused everywhere**. **
In my collection I have a copy published in 1941, in the Rumanian language, which I have held since the appearance of this book in Bucharest. The interpretation of Krafft published by Goebbels shows that “le grand duc’Armenie (the great duke of Armenia)” is not but Hitler, for Armenia must be an allusion to Arminius, one of the leaders of the Germanic peoples in the Roman times. In this way the problem becomes easy: “assaillira Vienne et la Cologne” should indicate the annexation of Rhineland and Austria, actions accomplished by Hitler before the war.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.505-507).

The point of changes in Krafft according to the Spanish version of the text about the quatrain V-94 (Karl. E. Krafft, Nostradamus predice el porvenir de Europa, EDICIONES ESPAÑOLAS, S.A., Madrid,1941, p.110-112): This version interprets the French word “la grand Germanie” as “la Gran Alemania” in Spanish, and “duc d’Armenie” as “Führer alemán”, where the key word “Armenia” seems to be ingeniously translated into “Alemania (Germany in Spanish)” and “d’Armenie” into “alemán (German in Spanish) in order to identify “Armenia” with “Germany” and “le grand duc d’Armenie” with “the great German leader = Hitler”. And the lines 3-4 to the effect that « the great duke of Armenia shall assail Vienna and Cologne » are intended to correspond exactly to the historical facts before the outbreak of war that Hitler had occupied the demilitarized zone of Rhineland (la región renana = Rheinland [Cologne]) in 1936 and annexed Austria (la Marca oriental = Ostmark [Vienna]) in 1938 under the guise of counteraction against Wilson’s 14 points, a feigned truce.

But his rapines shall soon trouble him: « Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945); ... His demands on Poland [his rapines] led to the Second World War (September 1939), which he considered he had won in the West when German troops entered Paris (June 1940) [his rapines]. In 1941 he moved his troops eastward [his rapines], but in attacking Russia he encountered heavy opposition [shall soon trouble him] and personally assumed command in the field on December 19th, 1941. A series of failures after Stalingrad, culminating in the Allied landings in Normandy, undermined the Army’s confidence in Hitler and led to the attempted assassination of July 20th, 1944. At the end of the war Hitler was cornered in the ruins of Berlin, where after marrying his mistress Eva Braun, he shot himself (April 30th, 1945).» (Palmer, p.127-128).

N.B. It is interesting that Vignois in 1910 offers us a quasi-solution of the quatrain with the subject of ‘Torné-Chavigny’, the greatest interpreter of Nostradamus ever seen, before the date of the real events concerned that only can determine the true solution (Vignois, 1910, p.247; Laver, 1952, p.205f.).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§811 Russo-German Pact; Blitzkrieg and Eastern Front (1939-1945): V-94.

V-94 (§811):

He shall displace into the great Germany
Brabant and Flanders, Ghent, Bruges and Boulogne:
The feigned truce, the great duke of Armenia
Shall assail Vienna and Cologne.

(Translatera en la grand Germanie;
Brabant & Flandres, Gand, Bruges & Bologne:
La trefve fainte le grand duc d'Armenie,
Assaillira Vienne & la Coloigne.)

NOTES: La grand Germanie (the great Germany): = §810, IX-90: la grand Germanie = Nazi Germany, Germany having been called « the Great Germany » after the annexation of Austria in 1938 (cf. Kimura, 2001, p.325; Ionescu, 1976, p.499).

Translatera: = He shall displace, ‘He’ being Adolf Hitler, designated in the preceding quatrain IX-90 (§810) as ‘a captain of the great Germany’; « Hitler and Stalin are here designated together in a quatrain.» (Centurio, 1953, p.127).

He shall displace into the Great Germany Brabant and Flanders, Ghent, Bruges and Boulogne: Namely, the great Germany of Hitler shall occupy in May-June 1940 by the Blitzkrieg the Netherlands (a part of Brabant, i.e. Noordbrabant), Belgium (Brabant, Flanders, Ghent, Bruges) and Northern France (Flanders, Boulogne). Centurio enumerates only the two occupied countries: Belgium and Northern France, neglecting the Netherlands (Centurio, id.).

The feigned truce
: = The Russo-German Nonaggression Pact signed in August 1939. This agreement was a kind of tactical delay of their authentic aggressive actions against each other. This maneuver of Stalin (the feigned peaceful attitude to be soon broken) is symmetrical to that of Hitler predicted in the preceding quatrain IX-90, §810: A captain of the great Germany Shall, by enmity, bring relief To the King of kings (i.e. Hitler’s friendly policy to Stalin was motived by his enmity toward the latter). 

The interpretation of Centurio, followed to the full by Ionescu, fails to recognize ‘the feigned truce’ as the Russo-German Nonaggression Pact of 1939 that should soon evolve the put-on motive of the two invasive parties in the ferocious warfare, for he considers it as the Allies’ conferences on their post-war world regulative policies only leading to the world-wide split of the East and the West (Centurio, 1953, p.128-129; Ionescu, 1976, p.508-509). However, those conferences were not ‘feigned’ but really faithful to each of their true interests, whereby they led to such a split.

The great duke of Armenia
: = The King of kings (§810, IX-90) = Joseph Stalin; « For a German it was natural to make a “duke of arminie”, a “Duke of Arminsland” from the “duke of Armenie”. This was done also by the Nostradamus researcher of merit Loog, though he asks in wonder why Hitler should assault his own cities Vienna and Köln. In reality Hitler had not assaulted Vienna and Köln, but simply hold them... » (Centurio, id., p.127);

About Arminius: « The earliest chapter in the history of the Netherlands was written by their conqueror. Celtic Gaul is already in the power of Rome; the Belgic tribes, alarmed at the approaching danger, arm against the universal tyrant. Inflammable, quick to strike, but too fickle to prevail against so powerful a foe, they hastily form a league of almost every clan. At the first blow of Cæsar's sword, the frail confederacy falls asunder like a rope of sand. The tribes scatter in all directions. Nearly all are soon defeated, and sue for mercy. The Nervii, true to the German blood in their veins, swear to die rather than surrender. They, at least, are worthy of their cause. Cæsar advances against them at the head of eight legions. Drawn up on the banks of the Sambre, they await the Roman’s approach. Eight veteran Roman legions, with the world's victor at their head, are too much for the brave but undisciplined Nervii. They fought like men to whom life without liberty was a curse. They were not defeated, but exterminated. Of many thousand fighting men went home but five hundred. Upon reaching the place of refuge where they had bestowed their women and children. Cæsar found, after the battle, that there were but three of their senators left alive. So perished the Nervii. Cæsar commanded his legions to treat with respect the little remnant of the tribe which had just fallen to swell the empty echo of his glory, and then, with hardly a breathing pause, he proceeded to annihilate the Aduatici, the Menapii, and the Morini. Gaul being thus pacified, as. with sublime irony, he expresses himself concerning a country some of whose tribes had been annihilated, some sold as slaves, and others hunted to their lairs like beasts of prey, the conqueror departed for Italy. Legations for peace from many German races to Rome were the consequence of these great achievements. Among others the Batavians formed an alliance with the masters of the world. Their position was always an honourable one. They were justly proud of paying no tribute, but it was, perhaps, because they had nothing to pay. They had few cattle, they could give no hides and horns like the Frisians, and they were therefore allowed to furnish only their blood. From this time forth their cavalry, which was the best of Germany, became renowned in the Roman army upon every battle-field of Europe. It is melancholy, at a later moment, to find the brave Batavians distinguished in the memorable expedition of Germanicus to crush the liberties of their German kindred. They are forever associated with the sublime but misty image of the great Arminius (Hermann), the hero, educated in Rome, and aware of the colossal power of the empire, who yet, by his genius, valour, and political adroitness, preserved for Germany her nationality, her purer religion, and perhaps even that noble language which her late-flowering literature has rendered so illustrious - but they are associated as enemies, not as friends.» (HH, XIII, p.272-273); « Arminius met his end about the same time [in 21 A.D.]. We have no information concerning the death of the hero beyond the brief words with which Tacitus concludes the second book of his Annals: “Arminius, striving after royal power after the withdrawal of the Romans and the banishment of Marboduus, had his fellow countrymen’s love of liberty against him; and while, attacked in arms, he was fighting with varying fortune, he fell by the treachery of his kinsmen. Incontestably he was the deliverer of Germany. He did not, like other kings and commanders, fight the Roman nation in its weakness, but at the period of its greatest strength. Not invariably fortunate in battle, he remained unconquered in war. He had accomplished thirty-seven years of life and twelve of military command. He is still sung of by the barbarian tribes. To the annals of the Greeks he is unknown, for they admire nothing that is not their own; among the Romans also he is not sufficiently honoured, for we extol the old and disregard the new.” A splendid tribute from an alien but noble pen, which honoured virtue and greatness of soul even in an enemy.» (HH, VI, p.77); « A senatorial decree gave the young prince powers once held by Agrippa and Caius Cæsar; that is, the government of the provinces beyond the sea, with supreme authority over all the governors. As for Drusus, the son of Tiberius, he set out for Pannonia, so as to watch over the movements of the Suevi. The task of Drusus was the most simple. He had only to promote or instigate internal dissensions in Germany. Two powerful leagues had been formed. In the north that of the Cherusci under Arminius and his uncle Inguiomer; in the south the Marcomanni under Marbod. War broke out between them. The action was a bloody one; Marbod, being conquered, implored shelter in the empire. He was assigned a residence at Ravenna. The power of the Marcomanni was destroyed; that of the Cherusci did not survive Arminius, who was killed by his own family just as he was about, it is said, to make himself king. The silent intrigues of the Romans certainly had something to do with events which delivered them from two redoubtable foes..» (HH, VI, p.135); « The Goths, like all the Scythians, were accustomed to deify their deceased heroes. This is expressly affirmed by several writers, especially by Adam of Bremen; and heroes are mentioned, who, we find, were deified. Thus, Arminius, or Hermann, the courageous supporter of Germanic independence against the Romans, was worshipped as a god; and his famous idol, which was called, after his name, Irminsul, drew multitudes of pagans to the Isle of Rügen: it was, indeed, regarded as the palladium of Germanic liberty.» (HH, XVI, p.18-19).

Vienna and Cologne: = the great Germany, ‘Vienna’ and ‘Cologne’ representing by synecdoche the region of ex-Austria and that of Germany proper respectively.

The great duke of Armenia Shall assail Vienna and Cologne
: « It will be interesting that in this prediction so difficult to decipher the famous astrologer and Nostradamus researcher Krafft was wrecked in the true sense of the word: Krafft had recognized the Russian dictator Stalin in the here named “Duke of Armenia”. This interpretation he reported to the Propaganda Minister of the Third Reich, in order to warn the responsible Leader of the German policy through Dr. Goebbels. Hitler did listen to none of the words of this warning, for Dr. Goebbels was too talented for falsifications. With his notorious eloquence he succeeded in making Krafft believe that not Stalin but Hitler should be meant. The poor Doctor will have supported this nationalistic conjecture in a thorough way, in stimulating the romanticist character deeply embedded in Krafft toward his agreement. Together with this reinterpretation he rewarded Krafft with a tragic exchange of profession: from a statistician of an insurance company Krafft became a reporter of the Nazi Propaganda Bureau. Obviously the native Switzer Krafft was not made for these requirements of his new post. It remains no secret that the son and citizen of the typically free land made himself totally adaptable. Krafft’s end in a concentration camp of the Nazis is therefore not surprising. Finally there was a word “Coloigne” in the fourth line of this prediction, that gave here an impulse to his own destruction: it should be considered as thoroughly excluded that in case of German defeat Stalin should be able to push to Köln on the Rhine before Western Powers, therefore it was impossible to mean here Stalin, but only an indication of Hitler conceivable. To this argument of Goebbels there was no convincing objection for Krafft.» (Centurio, id., p.128);

« According to Krafft (Karl Krafft, a great German astrologer in the times of Hitler, and distinguished commentator of the texts of Nostradamus), “the great duke of Armenia” was Stalin, who was native of Georgia, a neighbouring country of Armenia and connected with this in many aspects. Armenia being the most important country of the Caucasus and more known than the other in the Occident, it was very reasonable that the Prophet had designated Armenia, in taking it as the Caucasus by synecdoche. Now, Krafft saw that in the last verse it is said that this “Duke of Armenia” would arrive at Vienna, and even at Cologne (Köln), which is equivalent to the conquest of Germany by Stalin. Goebbels, who was then the Minister of Propaganda and Informations, could not risk telling Hitler this eventual failure. This took place in 1940-1941, at the full ascension of the Reich. As Propaganda Minister he saw in the matter a good occasion to make the work of Krafft a mean of propaganda in favour of the Nazism... What is certain, it is that Krafft corrects his work, which is then published by the Ministry of Propaganda in all the European languages, and diffused everywhere**. **
In my collection I have a copy published in 1941, in the Rumanian language, which I have held since the appearance of this book in Bucharest. The interpretation of Krafft published by Goebbels shows that “le grand duc’Armenie (the great duke of Armenia)” is not but Hitler, for Armenia must be an allusion to Arminius, one of the leaders of the Germanic peoples in the Roman times. In this way the problem becomes easy: “assaillira Vienne et la Cologne” should indicate the annexation of Rhineland and Austria, actions accomplished by Hitler before the war.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.505-507).

In fact, The Red Army counterattacked ex-Austria and Germany proper in 1945: « The Soviet Invasion of Germany As millions of refugees fled in terror before the Soviet advance, the Red Army ground its way remorselessly from Warsaw to the Oder in the first months of 1945 and from March began attacks to conquer Czechoslovakia and Austria. By January 1945 the Soviets were ready to resume their main attacks into Germany. Some 4 million men and masses of tanks, guns and aircraft were set to advance all along the front, from southern Poland to the Baltic coast of Lithuania... P
AUSE ON THE ELBE By February the Soviet spearheads seemed poised to drive on to Berlin, and probably could have done so relatively easily. However, for reasons that have never been clear, Stalin chose not to do this. Instead the Soviet forces spent several weeks taking control of Pomerania and southern Silesia. The best explanation seems to be that Stalin did not want the war to end before he had direct control of as much Polish and German territory as possible. And at this stage, with the Western Allies still fighting their way slowly to the Rhine, there seemed little prospect of them getting to Berlin first. The Soviet forces south of Poland did little attacking in the first months of 1945 but did finish off the siege of Budapest in February. Bizarrely there now followed Germany’s last significant offensive of the war. After the failure of the Battle of the Bulge, Hitler switched the elite Sixth SS Panzer Army to the Hungarian front and its attacks made limited gains in the Lake Balaton area in the first couple of weeks of March. These were retaken immediately the Soviet offensives resumed on 16 March. In April the Soviets conquered much of Austria [The great duke of Armenia Shall assail Vienna] and by early May had moved well into Czechoslovakia. The successful Anglo-American Rhine crossing in March had by then brought a new urgency to the operations on the main fronts. At the end of March Stalin finally gave orders for the decisive attack on Berlin.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.184-185); « APRIL 16 [1945] Russian FrontZHUKOV OPENS OFFENSIVE ON BERLIN. APRIL 19 Russian Front – Russians secure bridgehead across River Neisse and push towards Dresden.
APRIL 21 Russian FrontBATTLE OF BERLIN. ZHUKOV’S TROOPS ENTER SUBURBS. Konev attacks North of Dresden.
APRIL 22 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Russians capture Weissensee district. Hitler decides to remain in Berlin.
APRIL 23 Russian FrontFrankfurt-on-Oder captured by Zhukov.
APRIL 24 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Konev’s and Zhukov’s troops link up in South suburbs.
APRIL 25 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Zhukov and Konev forces near Potsdam to complete their ‘iron ring’ around the city.
APRIL 26 Russian/Western FrontRUSSIAN AND AMERICAN FORCES LINK UP at Torgau on the Elbe.
APRIL 27 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Russians capture suburbs of Potsdam, Spandau and Rathenow; central districts of Neukölln and Tempelhof.
APRIL 29 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Hitler marries Eva Braun and dictates ‘Political Testament’; Russians capture Moabit power station and Anhalter railway terminal.
APRIL 30 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide in Führerbukker beneath Reichs Chancellery, Berlin, at 3.30 pm. Cremated with burning petrol in Chancellery Garden. Russian artillery bombards Chancellery; advancing infantry now only 2 blocks away.
MAY 1 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Goebbels and wife Magda poison their 6 children before committing suicide. Russians capture Charlottenburg and Schoeneburg districts. Home Front: Germany DÖNITZ ANNOUNCES DEATH OF HITLER (‘fighting in Berlin’); becomes second Führer of the Reich.
MAY 2 Russian Front/ Western FrontSTALIN ANNOUNCES FALL OF BERLIN in Order of the Day No. 359: ‘Troops of the 1st Byelorussian Front, commanded by Marshal Zhukov... have today May 2 completely captured Berlin... hotbed of German aggressions.’ Russians capture ports of Rostock and Warnemünde.
MAY 7 DiplomacyUNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OF GERMANY. General Jodle signs instrument of surrender at 2.41 am in schoolroom at Rheims.
MAY 8 Russian FrontDresden occupied by Russian forces [The great duke of Armenia Shall assail Cologne].» (Argyle, 1980, p.183-185).

Coloigne: = the ancient form of Cologne, the Latin ‘Colonia [Agrippina] (Köln)’ having been translated into the French ‘Coloigne’, then ‘Cologne’ like ‘ciconia’ into ‘cigoigne’, then ‘cigogne’ (Scheler, p.102). Then, Centurio’s explanation that ‘Coloigne’ is an adjective form is utterly wrong, and his interpretation of ‘la Coloigne’ as ‘la ville Coloigne (the colonial city)’ is therefore wrong, too.

Nevertheless, his closing identification of ‘la Coloigne’ with ‘Cölln’ (the sistertown of Berlin, the small town of Cölln on the Spree,whose name is derived from Köln on the Rhine and surviving even now in Berlin: e.g. the Köllnischen Fischmarkt and a present part of city Neukölln; therefore he recognizes Berlin itself in Cölln) (Centurio, id., p.127-128) is worth examining. He admits, in fact, the names: ‘Agrippina’, ‘Cologne’ or ‘Colonn’ in the Prophecies of Nostradamus to be Köln on the Rhine. But, apart from ‘Agrippina’ and ‘Colonn’, all the examples including ‘Cologne or Coloigne’ are to be identified with Köln because ‘la Cologne’ (V-43), ‘la Coloigne’ (V-94) and ‘Cologne’ (VI-4o) are the exhaustive examples of Cologne in French orthographically and traditionally not referring to Cölln on the Spree but to Köln on the Rhine. Of these three the two are designated with the definite article, probably after the fashion of the French townnames often with the definite article: e.g., Le Havre (The Havre), Le Montet, Le Plessier, Le Pontet, Le Pontreau, La Rochelle (The Rochelle), La Rochette, La Machine, La Racineuse, Les Nouillers (The Nouillers), Les Chaumes, Les Marches, Les Champs, etc. The most urgent motive of his is without doubt the historical fact that the Red Army did not attain Köln in the WWII, but the figure of synecdoche shall revoke his worries because it is entitled to afford an individual proper name a generic designation:
  ‘Vienna’ → ‘former Austria’ (In April the Soviets conquered much of Austria),
  ‘Cologne (Köln)’ → ‘Germany proper’ (River Neisse, Frankfurt-on-Oder, Torgau on the Elbe, BERLIN, ports of Rostock and Warnemünde and Dresden).

On the other hand, from the etymological point of view, it is most probable that both Köln on the Rhine and Cölln on the Spree are derived from the Latin ‘colonia (a colony)’, for Köln was anciently spelled Cölln (Wikipedia, Cölln), which is identical with the latter and Cölln on the Spree is first mentioned in a 1237 deed, denoting a priest Symeon of Cölln's Saint Peter's Church as a witness (‘Symeon de Colonia’) (id.). Both were mainly colonial in their development, the former by the Romans and the latter by the Germans.

Then, Cölln on the Rhine was Germanized into Köln by substituting the initial C [ts-] by K [k-] and at the same time by eliminating the second L (these procedures are more Germanic) (cf. the Ripuarian form ‘Kölle’ [Wikipedia, Cologne), whereas Cölln on the Spree has been longer held in its primitive form. Moreover, Cölln on the Spree was often spelled as “
KOLLNE” (Der Tagesspiegel, 2019), which means in Slavic ‘Stump (swamp)’, it having been situated on an island in the Spree. In relation to Cölln on the Spree, the city of Berlin incorporating it later was originally its twin on the neighbouring island in the Spree and its name was etymologically derived probably from the Indo-European root word “ber” meaning “marshy place” (Room, p.55).

About Ionescu’s interpretation:
The orthographic presence of this ealier form of Coloigne should prevent Ionescu from his periphrastic explanation that ‘la Cologne’ may lead us to the German capital ‘Berlin’ by the seeming equivalence of ‘la Cologne’ and ‘la colonne (the pillar)’, his favorite symbol of Berlin expressed in the quatrain I-82: « Quand les colomnes de bois ... », which refer, he thinks, to ‘a colonnade of big trees one can find in the centre of Berlin, or in the street “Unter den Linden”, or in the Zoo Garden’ (Ionescu, 1976, p.507-508).

His arguments (Ionescu, id., p.507-508) for this explanation are to be disproved as follows: He says that
1° “Stalin did never attain the city of Cologne” (this was also that of Centurio), but in the Prophecies of Nostradamus many proper names of cities or places are employed as synecdoche to really mean the wider region or country where they belong as he himself often exemplifies it: e.g., I-58: ‘Fossano, Turin’ (a part) for ‘Piedmont’ (the whole), VIII-9: ‘Hungary’ (a part) for ‘the Austrian Empire’ (the whole in 1799) (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.143);

2° that “Cologne with the definite article (la Cologne, the Cologne) is more likely to be a common name (a colony or a column) rather than a proper name”, but the French names of city or place have often the definite article as shown above;

3° that “Nostradamus did never name Berlin by its true appellation”, but the only example is seen in the reversed half-length ‘Reb’ meaning Berlin (§796, X-66);

4° that “the French verb ‘assaillir’ corresponds to the Latin ‘assidēre or ad-sedēre’ and means ‘to sit oneself by, to have a seat by’, then the matter in question is the occidental limits of the territories fallen under the domination of Stalin, which, after the war, is what is called “ the Curtain of Iron ”, but his interpretation of the French verb ‘assaillir’ is utterly wrong because its Latin equivalent is not ‘assidēre or ad-sedēre’, but ‘assalīre’, which is a vulgar remaking of the Classical Latin ‘assilīre’ meaning ‘accourir, assaillir (to rush at, to attack)’ (Nimmo) after the fashion of ‘salīre’ meaning ‘sauter (to jump, to reap, to spring)’ (
Bloch & Wartburg); « assaillir „überfallen (to attack, to assault)‟ In the tenth century assalir, from the Vulgar Latin adsalire for a Classical assilire.» (Gamillscheg).

5° And finally, Cologne (Köln) and colonne (column) are always discriminated in the Prophecies of Nostradamus:
Köln (always spelled with G): la Cologne (V-43), Cologne (VI-40) and la Coloigne (V-94).
Column (always spelled with MN, NN or LL and without G: les colomnes de bois [the wooden pillars] (I-82), d’Hercules la colonne [the pillar of Hercules] (V-51), Collonne [the Pillar of the government] (VIII-67), Columna [Colonna, a small town near Rome in its east,] (IX-2), De fin porphire collon [a pillar of fine porphyry] (IX-32), Colomne [the Pillar of the state of Italy, King Victor Emmanuel] (X-64) and deux colomnes de porphire [two pillars of porphyry] (X-93).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§810 Adolf Hitler vs. Joseph Stalin (1941-1944): IX-90.

IX-90 (§810):

A captain of the great Germany
Shall, by enmity, bring relief
To the King of kings bringing to himself an aid of Pannonia,
That his revolt shall cause a grand flow of blood.

(Un capitaine de la grand Germanie
Se viendra rendre par simulté secours
Au Roy des roys ayde de Pannonie,
Que sa revolte fera de sang grand cours.)

NOTES: La grand Germanie (the great Germany): = Nazi Germany, Germany having been called « the Great Germany » after the annexation of Austria in 1938 (cf. Kimura, 2001, p.325; Ionescu, 1976, p.499).

A captain of the great Germany: = the Führer Adolf Hitler (Ionescu, id.). The other examples of the term ‘captain’ in the Prophecies of Nostradamus refer to the Constable of France Anne de Montmorency in 1557 (VII-28, §21), to the Governor of Cyprus Nicolo Dandolo in 1571 (IV-92, §102), to Henri de Navarre (since Henri IV) in 1588 (VII-9, §174) and to Napoléon Bonaparte in 1812 (IV-83, §493).

Un capitaine de la grand Germanie Se viendra rendre par simulté secours Au Roy des roys ayde de Pannonie: The construction will be as follows: Un capitaine de la grand Germanie se viendra rendre par simulté secours Au Roy des roys [et] se viendra rendre ayde de Pannonie.

Simulté: = « haine, inimitié (hatred, enmity).» (Godefroy).

The King of kings
: = Joseph Stalin, the Chief par excellence [the King] among the chiefs [kings] of Soviet Socialist Republics (cf. Ionescu, id.).

A captain of the great Germany Shall, by enmity, bring relief To the King of kings (Un capitaine de la grand Germanie se viendra rendre par simulté secours Au Roy des roys): = The German initiative to the Nonaggression Pact between the profoundly suspicious Hitler and Stalin in August 1939: « On May 3 [1939] a warning, unmistakable except to the blind, was conveyed in the news that Litvinov, Russia’s Foreign Commissar, had been ‘released’ from office. He had long been the chief advocate of co-operation with the Western Powers in resistance to Nazi Germany. To his post was appointed Molotov, who was reported to prefer dealing with dictators to dealing with liberal democracies. Tentative moves towards a Soviet-Nazi entente began in April... On August 23 Ribbentrop flew to Moscow, and the pact was signed. It was accompanied by a secret agreement under which Poland was to be partitioned between Germany and Russia. But the Soviet-German Pact, coming so late, did not have the effect on the British that Hitler had reckoned. On the contrary, it aroused the ‘bulldog’ spirit – of blind determination, regardless of the consequences, In that state of feeling, Chamberlain could not stand aside without both loss of face and breach of promise. Stalin had been only too well aware that the Western Powers had long been disposed to let Hitler expand eastward – in Russia’s direction. It is probable that he saw the Soviet-German Pact as a convenient device by which he could divert Hitler’s aggressive dynamism in the opposite direction. In other words, by this nimble side-step he would let his immediate and potential opponents crash into one another. At the least this should produce a diminution of the threat to Soviet Russia, and might well result in such common exhaustion on their part as to secure Russia’s post-war ascendancy. The Pact meant the removal of Poland as a buffer between Germany and Russia – but the Russians had always felt that the Poles were more likely to serve as a spearhead for a German invasion of Russia than as a barricade against it. By collaborating in Hitler’s conquest of Poland, and dividing it with him, they would not only be taking an easy way of regaining their pre-1914 property but be able to convert eastern Poland into a barrier space which, though narrower, would be held by their own forces. That seemed a more reliable buffer than an independent Poland. The Pact also paved the way for Russia’s occupation of the Baltic States and Bessarabia, as a wider extension of the buffer [relief To the King of kings].» (Hart, 1971, p.13-14).

« Early in June 1940, while Hitler was still engaged in the French campaign, Stalin had seized the opportunity to occupy Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia. Hitler had agreed that the Baltic States should be within the Soviet Union’s sphere of influence, not to their actual occupation, and he felt that he had been tricked by his partner, although most of his advisers realistically considered the Russian move into the Baltic States to be a natural precaution, inspired by fear of what Hitler might attempt after his victory in the West. Hitler’s deep distrust of Russia had been shown in the way he worried throughout the campaign in the West at having left only ten divisions in the East, facing a hundred Russian divisions. Then on June 26, again without notice to her partner, Russia addressed an ultimatum to Rumania, demanding the immediate restoration of Bessarabia, and the surrender of northern Bukovina in addition – as a ‘small compensation’ for the way that Russia had been ‘robbed’ of the former province in 1918. The Rumanian Government was allowed only 24 hours for its answer, and when it yielded to the threat the Russian troops swarmed in at once, by air as well as overland... The plan for an offensive against Russia had already been sketched out when General Paulus (later to become famous as commander of the army that was trapped by the Russians at Stalingrad) became Deputy Chief of the General Staff at the beginning of September. He was instructed ‘to examine its possibilities’. The objectives defined were, first, the destruction of the Russian armies in western Russia; and then an advance into Russia deep enough to secure Germany against the risk of air attack from the east, carried as far as a line from Archangel to the Volga... On November 10 Molotov arrived in berlin to discuss a wide range of questions, including the German suggestion that Russia should definitely join the Axis. At the end of the conversations an agreed communiqué was issued, saying: ‘The exchange of ideas took place in an atmosphere of mutual trust, and led to a mutual understanding on all important questions interesting Germany and the Soviet Union.’ But ‘mutual trust’ was entirely lacking, and the diplomatic phrase never had a more hollow ring [by enmity]. On the 12th Hitler’s War Directive No. 18 had said:

 Political discussions had been initiated with the aim of clarifying Russia’s attitude for the time being. Irrespective of the results of these    discussions, all preparations for the East which have already been verbally ordered will be continued.

While the diplomats were talking the military plans were progressing. On December 5 Hitler received [the Chief of the General Staff] Halder’s report on the eastern plan, and on the 18th issued ‘Directive No. 21 – ‘Case Barbarossa’. It opened with the decisive statement: ‘ The German armed forces must be prepared to crush Soviet Russia in a quick campaign before the end of the war against England’. On January 10 [1941] a fresh treaty was signed with Russia that embodied the results of the November conversations with Molotov on frontier and economic questions. The surface was thus made to look smoother. But Hitler’s private view was expressed in his comment that Stalin was an ‘ice-cold blackmailer’ [by enmity]. At the same time disquieting reports came from Rumania and Bulgaria about Russian activity there.» (Hart, 1971, p.143-147).

That his revolt shall cause a grand flow of blood: « Operation Barbarossa 22 June – 6 October 1941. The opening of the Eastern Front during World War II occurred in June1941, when the Germans invaded the Soviet Union; many observers assumed the Red Army would collapse within twelve weeks. The ability of the Soviet Union to recover from its appalling early defeats would doom Nazi Germany. Stalin believed he had bought off Hitler through the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact and refused to accept warnings – reputedly eighty-four in all – of an impending attack. The invasion, therefore, came as a terrible shock. Although the Red Army was being modernized, too much equipment was obsolete, and too many senior officers had been swept up by the purges. The initial onslaught was devastating. Hundreds of Soviet aircraft were destroyed on the ground, troops stationed near the frontiers were abandoned without orders, and confused soldiers found German propaganda leaflets informing them that Moscow had already surrendered. Soviet civilians, long assured that their homeland was safe, were bewildered by the unfolding catastrophe. However, after twelve days, Stalin made a radio broadcast to rally his shaken people, whom he addressed for the first time as “brothers and sisters,” in which he appealed to Russian patriotism – rather than Bolshevik ideology – calling for scorched-earth tactics and a partisan war. In the short term, the Red Army would suffer desperate shortages of arms, but the Soviet Union would be amply provisioned to fight a prolonged war... By late October, when the advance on Moscow was resumed, many German officers doubted that the city could be reached before winter. The offensive was loosing momentum and would be stopped at the Battle of Moscow. Losses: German, 250,000 dead, 500,000 wounded; Red Army, 1,000,000 dead, 3,000,000 wounded, 3,300,000 captured.» (Grant, 2011, p.820-821).

« Leningrad 4 September 1941 – 27 January 1944. After Germany invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, Leningrad was placed under siege. The loss of the city would have been a severe blow to Soviet morale, and the 872-day siege came to symbolize the determination of the Soviet people. Losses: German, unknown; Red Army, 1,000,000 dead, wounded or captured, plus 1,000,000 civilians dead.» (Grant, id., p.822).

« Moscow 30 September 1941 – 7 January 1942. An Eastern Front battle, the fight for Moscow was the climax of Operation Barbarossa. The Germans intended to take the Soviet capital, assuming that this would break the Soviet Union’s will to fight on. Their failure ultimately doomed the Third Reich. Losses: German, 250,000 - 400,000 dead or wounded; Red Army, 600,000 – 1,300,000 dead, wounded or captured.» (Grant, id., p.823).

A captain of the great Germany Shall bring to himself an aid of Pannonia (Un capitaine de la grand Germanie se viendra rendre ayde de Pannonie = Un capitaine de la grand Germanie rendra ayde de Pannonie à soi-même): « 22 June 1941 German invasion of the U.S.S.R. without a declaration of war. Roumania, Italy, Slovakia and Hungary joined the war on the German side.» (
PenguinAtlas 2, p.207), Pannonia corresponding mainly to Hungary and by metonymy to her surrounding countries such as Italy, Roumania and Slovakia (cf. Bescherelle, s.v. Pannonie).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§809 Tetralogy of Winston Churchill (2) (1940-1941): III-92.

III-92 (§809):

The world approaching the last period,
Saturn still slow shall be in retrogression:
Translated an empire towards a Brodde nation:
The eye uprooted from Narbon by the Surrounding.

(Le monde proche du dernier periode,
Saturne encor tard sera de retour:
Tanslat empire devers nation Brodde:
L’œil arraché à Narbon par Autour.)

NOTES: The last period: Not the last period of the world, but the last period of prophecy. Nostradamus himself says in his quatrain I-48 (§941) that “ Twenty years of the reign of the Moon past,... Then it accomplishes and ends my prophecy. (Vingt ans du regne de la Lune passés,... Lors accomplit & mine ma prophétie.), where 20 years of the Moon’s reign is considered to be 2000 years of our Redemption, whose final is 2000 A.D. And also in his quatrain III-97 (§860) he predicts that “ The New law shall occupy the new territories, Towards Syria, Judea, & Palestine: The grand barbarous empire shall collapse, Before Phebe shall have finished its age. (Nouvelle loy terre neufve occuper vers la Syrie, Judee, & Palestine: Le grand empire barbar, corruer, Avant que Phebés son siecle determine.)”, where it is about the Collapse of the Ottoman Empire; Independent countries in the Middle East (1920-1948).

“Phebés” is considered to be “Phebe” (Artemis, Diana: Goddess of the Moon), so the period of the WWII is right approaching the last period of Nostradamus’s prophecy up till 2000 A.D.

Saturn still slow shall be in retrogression: If we pick up among numerous cases of Saturn’s retrogradation the one suiting with the period of the WWII, it will be that from August 27th, 1940, till January 10th, 1941 (London, UT, computation by means of StellaNavigator):

1940: longitude of Saturn:
20Aug 00:00 44°43′57″
21Aug 00:00 44°44′40″ [+]
26Aug 00:00 44°46′40″ [+]
26Aug 06:00 44°46′41″ [+]
26Aug 12:00 44°46′42″ [+]
26Aug 18:00 44°46′44″ [+]
27Aug 00:00 44°46′45″ [+]
27Aug 06:00 44°46′45″ [0]
27Aug 12:00 44°46′44″ [-]
27Aug 18:00 44°46′44″ [0]
28Aug 00:00 44°46′44″ [0]
28Aug 06:00 44°46′41″ [-]
28Aug 12:00 44°46′39″ [-]
28Aug 18:00 44°46′38″ [-]
29Aug 00:00 44°46′36″ [-]

1941: longitude of Saturn:
8Jan 00:00 37°53′35″
8Jan 06:00 37°53′33″ [-]
8Jan 12:00 37°53′32″ [-]
8Jan 18:00 37°53′30″ [-]
9Jan 00:00 37°53′28″ [-]
9Jan 06:00 37°53′28″ [0]
9Jan 12:00 37°53′28″ [0]
9Jan 18:00 37°53′28″ [0]
10Jan 00:00 37°53′28″ [0]
10Jan 06:00 37°53′30″ [+]
10Jan 12:00 37°53′32″ [+]
10Jan 18:00 37°53′34″ [+]
11Jan 00:00 37°53′35″ [+]

Brodde
: Gallicization of Ebrodunum (Embrun) (Hautes-Alpes) (Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.108).

A Brodde nation: The people of the SE France.

Translated an empire towards a Brodde nation: An empire (the Republic of France) is diminished into the SE two-fifths of its metropolitan territory with Vichy as capital, the NW three-fifths of it occupied by Germany since June, 1940, till its total occupation by Germany and Italy in November 1942 (cf. Kaspi, 1980, p.320-321). This event timely links with that of Saturn’s retrogression.

Narbon: = Narbon. (§804, IV-94) = Narbon (§818, VI-56) = Narbon (§822, II-59) = Winston Churchill.

The eye uprooted from Narbon by the Surrounding: ‘Narbon’ being British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, ‘the eye’ is supposed to be London, the capital, which is to be uprooted, namely fiercely bombed during the Battle of Britain and the Blitz (cf. §804, IV-94: Narbon. Blyterre, of the Good. contaminated; §805, V-62: Upon the rocks they shall see blood rain). These events (June 1940 – May 1941) also timely link with that of Saturn’s retrogradation. “ On 15 September [1940] the Germans mounted a massive raid on London in daylight. Fifty-six attackers were lost to 26 defenders. Daylight raids on the capital continued to the end of September but the toll on the bombers was heavy. Bomber Command struck back with a raid on barges and lighters massed for a seaborne invasion and on the 17th Hitler decided to postpone Sealion [a plan of operation for the invasion of England] indefinitely. The last daylight raid was on 30 September from which time German bombers switched to the night ‘Blitz’ on British cities. With Sealion postponed, the Luftwaffe abandoned its attempt to destroy Fighter Command and switched to night attacks on British cities and production centres. London was the prime target and between 7 September and 13 November 1940 there were raids virtually every night. The devastating attack on Coventry on 14 November marked a change of policy from pounding the political target of the capital to long-term strategic attacks on provincial industrial centres, and particularly ports, as an extension of the U-Boat blockade. In the early spring of 1941 the Luftwaffe began a new campaign – between 19 February and 12 May it made 61 attacks, the majority against ports including London. In two raids on 16 and 19 April, well over 2000 people were killed and 140,000 dwellings destroyed. However, as these furious attacks were reaching a climax, the Luftwaffes’s bomber Gruppen were pulling out – heading eastwards under a cloak of secrecy to support another vast Blitzkrieg. By 21 May of the 44 bomber groups that had conducted the blitz on Britain, only four were left. In nine months from 7 September 1940 to the end of May 1941 the Luftwaffe dropped some 46,000 tons of high explosive and 110,000 incendiaries, a total of 54,420 tons of bombs. British casualties amounted to over 40,000 civilian dead, 86,000 seriously injured and 150,000 slightly injured. Two million houses had been destroyed or damaged, 60 per cent of them in London. British industrial production and tonnage moving through the ports was not however seriously affected and internal communications were not disrupted.” (Campbell, 1985, p.55-61).

The Surrounding: Great Britain suffers from German air bombing from three quarters, south, east and north: “ By August Göring had gathered 2800 aircraft, 900 fighters and 1300 bombers grouped in 3 Air Fleets, Kesselring’s Luftflotte II based in northern France, Sperrle’s Luftflotte III based in the Low Countries and Stumpff’s Luftflotte IV based in Norway.” (Campbell, id., p.55). Cf. Hart, 1971, p.88 Chart of The Battle of Britain.

Moreover, the initial capital ‘A-’ (Autour) suggests some proper name through the French ‘Auteur’ (author), or the Latin auctor (leader) to be identified with ‘Führer’ (Hitler as conductor).

And, in the end, “autour” as a French common name signifies “goshawk”, which represents, of course, German aircraft bombing Britain.

Winston Churchill’s speech “ The Battle of Britain: ‘The Few’ ” at the House of Commons, 20 August 1940: « Almost a year has passed since the war began, ant it is natural for us, I think, to pause on our journey at this milestone and survey the dark, wide field... The great air battle which has been in progress over this Island for the last few weeks has recently attained a high intensity. It is too soon to attempt to assign limits either to its scale or to its duration. We must certainly expect that greater efforts will be made by the enemy than any he has so far put forth. Hostile air fields are still being developed in France and the Low Countries, and the movement of squadrons and material for attacking us is still proceeding. It is quite plain that Herr Hitler could not admit defeat in his air attack on Great Britain without sustaining most serious injury. If, after all his boastings and blood-curdling threats and lurid accounts trumpeted round the world of the damage he has inflicted, of the vast numbers of our Air Force he has shot down, so he says, with so little loss to himself; if after tales of the panic-stricken British crushed in their holes cursing the plutocratic Parliament which has led them to such a plight; if after all this his whole onslaught were forced after a while to peter out, the Führer’s reputation for veracity of statement might be seriously impugned. We may be sure, therefore, that he will continue as long as he has the strength to do so, and as long as any preoccupations he may have in respect of the Russian Air Force allow him to do so. On the other hand, the conditions and course of the fighting have so far been favourable to us. I told the House two months ago that whereas in France our fighter aircraft were wont to inflict a loss of two or three to one upon the Germans, and in the fighting at Dunkirk, which was a kind of no-man’s land, a loss of about three or four to one, we expected that in an attack on this Island we should achieve a larger ratio. This has certainly come true. It must also be remembered that all the enemy machines and pilots which are shot down over our Island, or over the seas which surround it, are either destroyed or captured; whereas a considerable proportion of our machines, and also of our pilots, are saved, and soon again in many cases come into action... The enemy is, of course, far more numerous than we are. But our new production already, as I am advised, largely exceeds his, and the American production is only just beginning to flow in. It is a fact, as I see from my daily returns, that our bomber and fighter strength now, after all this fighting, are larger than they have ever been. We believe that we shall be able to continue the air struggle indefinitely and as long as the enemy pleases, and the longer it continues the more rapid will be our approach, first towards that parity, and then into that superiority in the air, upon which in a large measure the decision of the war depends.» (Churchill, 1989, p.180-188).

« The gratitude of every home in our Island, in our Empire, and indeed throughout the world, except in the abodes of the guilty, goes out to the British airmen who, undaunted by odds, unwearied in their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of the world war by their prowess and by their devotion. Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few. All hearts go out to the fighter pilots, whose brilliant actions we see with our own eyes day after day; but we must never forget that all the time, night after night, month after month, our bomber squadrons travel far into Germany, find their targets in the darkness by the highest navigational skill, aim their attacks, often under the heaviest fire, often with serious loss, with deliberate careful discrimination, and inflict shattering blows upon the whole of the technical and war-making structure of the Nazi power. The fact that the invasion of this Island upon a large scale has become a far more difficult operation with every week that has passed since we saved our Army at Dunkirk, and our every great preponderance of sea-power enable us to turn our eyes and to turn our strength increasingly towards the Mediterranean and against that other enemy who, without the slightest provocation, coldly and deliberately, for greed and gain, stabbed France in the back in the moment of her agony, and is now marching against us in Africa... That France alone should lie prostrate at this moment, is the crime, not of a great and noble nation, but of what are called ‘the men of Vichy’. We have profound sympathy with the French people. Our old comradeship with France is not dead. In General de Gaulle and his gallant band, that comradeship takes an effective form. These free Frenchmen have been condemned to death by Vichy, but the day will come, as surely as the sun will rise tomorrow, when their names will be held in honour, and their names will be graven in stone in the streets and villages of a France restored in a liberated Europe to its full freedom and its ancient fame.» (Churchill, id., p.188-190).

*** First published on this BLOG on February 5 11:09:00, 2014 ***  
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§808 France defeated; Resistance of the Maquis (1940-1944): III-8.

III-8 (§808):

The Cimbrians with their neighbours
Shall come to devastate nearly Spain:
Peoples amassed in Guyenne and in Limousin
Shall be in a league, and make a company against them.

(Les Cimbres joints avecques leurs voisins,
Depopuler viendront presque l'Hespaigne:
Gents amassés Guienne & Limosins
Seront en ligue, & leur feront compaignie.)

NOTES: The Cimbrians with their neighbours: This is a « historical metaphor » (Ionescu, 1976, p.498) for the Greater Nazi Germany (including the annexed Austria bordering on Italy) linked with her neighbour Italy in the Axis (cf. Middleton and Heater, 1989, Unit 17, Chart 1); « THE CIMBRIANS AND THE TEUTONS Whilst in distant Africa the Romans were engaged in making war upon the various savage hordes of the desert, from the forests of Germany a new danger threatened them on the borders of their empire. For reasons unknown, the Cimbrians (i.e., “ the combatants ”), a Teutonic tribe, had forsaken their home by the Baltic, and withdrawn to the northern Alpine countries to seek new abiding places. Here they adopted a nomadic form of existence, wandering hither and thither, taking their wives and children and all their possessions with them wherever they went. That they and the other Teutonic tribes afterwards united to them are to be classed as Germans, and not, as the Romans formerly thought, as Celts, is proved by their names, their stature, and others of their characteristics, and further by the fact that still later we find mention of the Cimbrians in the Danish or Cimbrian peninsula, and the Teutons in northeast Germany in the vicinity of the Baltic, together no doubt constituting the last remains of this tribe. But in the course of its long wandering there had been added to this German nucleus not only other German-speaking rovers in search of booty, but also numerous Celtic hordes, so that we even find leaders with Celtic names at the head of the Cimbrians. The Cimbrians and Teutons are described as tall and slightly built men with blue eyes and auburn hair - strong, wild, warlike figures. In battle they fought with impetuous bravery. After a victory they gave themselves up to the lust of cruelty; there was a general destruction and the prisoners were either hanged or butchered to make sacrifices for their gods. From the blood which flowed from the sacrifices, the priestesses, old gray-haired women in white linen garments, foretold the future.» (HH, V, p.392).

« From what is now Bohemia they wandered southward to Noricum--the Carinthia and Carniola of to-day. Here, on the borders of the Roman Empire, they appeared in the year 113. On being informed of this, the Romans sent out the consul Cn. Papirius Carbo, the son of that Carbo who was a marked figure of the Gracchian period, with an army to guard the Alpine passes of that neighbourhood. When Carbo, approaching from Aquileia, entered Noricum, the Cimbrians, who had heard of the great power of the Romans, sent them envoys, who explained that they, the Cimbrians, desired to be allowed to settle amongst the Noricans, and had no desire to go to war with them. Carbo replied that the Roman people were bound to the Noricans by bonds of hereditary hospitality, and that he had not the right to grant the Cimbrians permission to settle in Noricum. The Cimbrians decided to proceed farther. Carbo gave them guides who were to lead them out of the country; but by his instructions these guides brought them to a place in the neighbourhood of Noreia (now Görz), near which he and his men were ambushed, and as the Cimbrians passed they attacked them. But this piece of treachery recoiled upon the perpetrator. Carbo’s force was beaten and would have been completely destroyed had not a tremendous storm hindered the Cimbrians from pursuit. It was now in the power of the Cimbrians to enter Italy by these Alpine passes, but they preferred to cross the northern Alps and wander westward towards Gaul. In this direction they persuaded two tribes of Helvetia, the Tigurini and Tugeni, to join them, or at any rate to travel the same route. Since the conquests made in western Gaul in the year 125 by Fulvius Flaccus, the friend of C. Gracchus, the Romans had founded a new province between the Alps and the Pyrenees, bounded by the Cevennes and the Mediterranean, with a principal town, Narbo. This was now threatened by the Cimbrians and other wandering tribes, and so in 109 the Romans sent the consul M. Junius Silanus there at the head of an army. The Cimbrians appealed to him to show them in what part of the country they might be allowed to settle; but instead of answering, he attacked them. He suffered a terrible defeat. Instead of following up their victory, the Cimbrians despatched an embassy to Rome with an appeal to be allowed to settle in that country, and turned to do battle with the neighbouring Celtic tribes. Meanwhile in the year 107 the above-mentioned Helvetian tribes invaded the Roman province under the leadership of Divico, and springing upon the consul, Cassius Longinus, from an ambush, utterly defeated him. The consul himself was killed, and his legate C. Popilius, who had fled into camp with the remainder of the force, could only save his men by a disgraceful treaty. He gave hostages, resigned half his baggage, and withdrew under the yoke.» (HH, V, p.392-393).

« The position of the Romans in Gaul was so shaken by these numerous defeats that the town of Tolosa (Toulouse) revolted and took the Roman garrison prisoners. As, however, neither the Cimbrians nor the Helvetians troubled the province further, Q. Servilius Cæpio, who was the consul there in the year 106, was able to regain possession of the town by a trick. He took advantage of this opportunity to rifle completely the temple of the Gallic god of healing, called by the Romans Apollo. In the next year, 105, the Cimbrians again appeared in the province, under their king, Boiorix, this time with the serious intention of going on into Italy. In the province, besides the troops under the proconsul Cæpio, there was now a second force under the consul Cn. Mallius Maximus; this occupied the right bank of the Rhone, the other force the left bank, both being drawn up to await the enemy, without either section paying much attention to the movements of the other. When, however, a corps under the legate M. Aurelius Scaurus was attacked and completely defeated by the Cimbrians, the consul ordered the proconsul to lead his force over the Rhone and unite with his own men. Cæpio, who had a personal enmity against Mallius, and plumed himself on his superior birth, obeyed with reluctance, but could not bring himself to make common cause with Mallius against the enemy and discuss operations with him. Meantime, the imposing forces of the Romans had induced the Cimbrians to enter into negotiations. Cæpio, seeing the consul in negotiation with the delegates of the barbarians, and thinking that he was desirous of keeping all the honours of victory for himself, attacked them without delay. As a result his troops were entirely destroyed and his camp was taken. After this the Cimbrians engaged in battle with the troop under Mallius and utterly defeated them. The Romans suffered this terrible reverse near the town of Arausio (Orange). On the Roman side eighty thousand soldiers and forty thousand men belonging to the commissariat are said to have been killed, only ten men being saved, amongst whom was Cæpio. The earlier defeats had already so terrified the Italians that the raising of fresh soldiers presented difficulties; but now, after the defeat of Arausio the “Cimbrian panic” reached its height. Besides panic, the people also felt a burning rage, particularly against the corrupt government of the nobility which had jeopardised the state. Against certain individuals their indignation was extreme, particularly against Cæpio, whose insubordination had been the main cause of the defeat. By decision of the people he was now deposed from the proconsulate, and his property was confiscated; by a second decision of the people he was driven from the senate, and when, long after, in consequence of the malversation and high treason practised in Gaul, a court of judicial inquiry was convened, on the instigation of several of the people’s tribunes, Cæpio narrowly escaped the death sentence. He was banished, and went to Smyrna. Mallius Maximus and several other men of distinction were tried at the same time. The senate and their generals had lost all confidence; only one man seemed to be able to save the state in these perilous times - Caius Marius, he who at the end of the Jugurthine War was regarded as the greatest general of his time. Whilst he was still in Africa he was chosen consul for the year 104; and the same office was conferred upon him every succeeding year until the Cimbrian danger was over. » (HH, V, p.393-394).

« When Marius with his force reached the Rhone, the Cimbrians, always hasty in their movements, had wandered off through southern Gaul towards the west and had entered Spain. Marius accordingly spent some time restoring the disorganised and disintegrated Gallic peoples to a sense of their duty; he raised auxiliary troops from the allied states and by dint of unswerving severity and unremitting exertions made his troops once more fit for action. Once let a soldier under Marius be accustomed to his severity of mien, his rough voice and wild looks, once let him learn never to fail in his duty, never to be insubordinate, and his fear of Marius would be changed into confidence; the man of terror would seem formidable only to his enemies. But his chief attraction for his men was his strict justice and impartiality. It was probably in the year 103, that the Cimbrians returned to Gaul from Spain, where they had encountered a stout resistance from the Celtiberians. They marched through the country along the Atlantic coast to the Seine on the borders of Belgium. Here they were joined by Teuton tribes of the same family under their king Teutobodus, tribes which, driven like the Cimbrians from their home on the Baltic, were moving aimlessly about the world. Notwithstanding their united forces they met with such resistance from the brave Belgians that they gave way, and finally decided to go to Italy. They again divided, perhaps for convenience in obtaining supplies, into two hosts. The Cimbrians, with the Helvetian Tigurini, who seem only recently to have joined them, went back to Noricum in order to enter Italy at the same point as before. The Teutones with the Ambrones, probably a Celtic people, proceeded towards the Rhone, in order to go from thence over the western Alps. In the summer of 102 the Teutones crossed the Rhone and proceeded down the left bank to meet the army of Marius, which was encamped in a strong position at the junction of the Isère and the Rhone and was well provisioned. Here he was barring both the highroads which at that time led to Italy, the route over the Little St. Bernard, and the route along the coast. The barbarians encamped in countless numbers on the wide plain in front of Marius’ camp and challenged him to battle. He, however, following the plan of remaining strictly on the defensive, stayed quietly in camp and let them spend their strength in daily attempts to storm the Roman fortifications. In vain; their impetuosity was wrecked by the arts of war as practised by the Romans and by the prudence of Marius. At last they drew off in the direction of the south, in order to march into Italy by the road along the coast. They were six days marching past the Roman camp in enormous crowds with numberless heavily-laden carts. The Romans from their walls jeered at them as they passed, asking if they had no commands for their wives. When the procession had gone by, Marius followed with his force, and camped always close beside them, but behind strong entrenchments and in favourable positions, so that he was protected against night surprises and could not be forced into an engagement against his will. In this way they travelled until they came to Aquæ Sextiæ (now Aix in Provence); from here it was only a little way to the Alps, and Marius was compelled to consider the question of a decisive battle. He pitched his camp at a place where there was no spring of water, and when his soldiers grumbled and asked him where they could get it, he pointed downwards to the river Canus (now the Arc) which flowed near the enemy’s camp. They demanded that he should at once lead them against the enemy, whilst they had still blood to spend. He answered coolly: “First we must fortify the camp.” Whilst the soldiers were fortifying the camp Marius sent his camp-followers to the river to fetch water. For their defence they carried hatchets and axes, swords and lances. Soon a scuffle arose on the banks with the roving bands of the Ambrones who, separated from the Teutones, covered the rear of the whole army on the march. As new combatants constantly hurried to the assistance of both sides, the Ambrones at last played their full strength, thirty thousand men, and Marius was no longer able to restrain his men. In crossing the river, the Ambrones fell into disorder and the Romans, in a rush down from the heights attacked them in the rear with such force, that having suffered great loss, they fled back to their camp and barricade of wagons. Here the fight was renewed after a strange fashion, for the wives of the Ambrones, armed with swords and hatchets, rushed with wild cries to meet them as they fled, forcing them back towards the enemy, and those who saw that all was lost, fell into a frenzy and threw themselves into the midst of the combat, letting themselves be cut and hacked to pieces. The Romans felt encouraged by this victory, but dared not give themselves over to the joy of triumph, for by far the greater number of the enemy had not yet been engaged. The great plain was still covered with myriads of Teutones, who filled the air all night with threatening cries and occupied themselves all the following day preparing for a further encounter. It was not till three days later that the fight recommenced. By break of day, Marius and his men had ranged themselves on the hill in front of the camp in order for battle. As soon as the barbarians saw them they attacked the hill with fury. The Romans waited quietly till they came within range, then threw their lances and seized their swords. There was a long and obstinate fight lasting till midday; then the Germans, weakened by their own impetuosity and the heat of the southern sun, began to give way: as they reached the plain and were in the act of reorganising their front ranks which had fallen into disarray three thousand men under Claudius Marcellus fell on them from an ambush in the rear. That decided the issue; startled at the double attack the barbarians broke up their lines and fled in wild confusion. According to Plutarch, over one hundred thousand men were either killed or taken prisoner. Livy gives the numbers in the two battles as two hundred thousand dead and ninety thousand prisoners. Among the prisoners was the gigantic King Teutobodus, among the slain a number of women, some of whom met their death on the wagons in a desperate resistance, others killed themselves to avoid slavery and a life of shame. The battle-field of Aquæ Sextiæ is said to have been so fertilised by the amount of blood and corpses, that in the following summer it bore an utterly disproportionate crop of fruit; the neighbouring Massiliots fenced their vineyards with the enormous bones of the slain.» (HH, V, p.394-396).

Depopuler: = « dépeupler, ravager, dévaliser (To depopulate, to ravage, to rifle).» (Godefroy).

The Cimbrians with their neighbours Shall come to devastate nearly Spain: As the ancient German tribes (the Cimbrians, the Teutones and the Ambrones) had invaded and devastated Gaul (France), so in the World War II the Nazi Germans with the Italians, their neighbours, invaded and pillaged France, advancing till the Spanish frontier in the Pyrenees (cf.
PenguinAtlas 2, p.198 Chart of The campaigns in Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, France, 1939-40);

« JUNE 10 [1940] ITALY declares war on Britain and France. Hostilities to begin at midnight. Canada declares war on Italy; Neutrals: USA – Roosevelt speaks at Univ. of Virginia: ‘On this tenth day of June 1940 the hand that held the dagger has struck it in the back of its neighbor.’» (Argyle, 1980, p.32-33);
« JUNE 12 Home Front: Italy – Vatican newspaper Osservatore Romano, banned for publishing British and French war Communiqués (ban lifted June 13, when editors agree not to publish war news).» (Argyle, id., p.33); « JUNE 13 Air War – Italian bombers attack Toulon naval base, S. France.» (Argyle, id.);
« JUNE 15 Air War – Italian aircraft raid targets in S. France and Corsica.» (Argyle, id., p.34);
« JUNE 17 Pétain requests Germany’s and Italy’s armistice terms via Spanish Ambassador and the Vatican; he broadcasts to French Army and people: ‘... it is necessary to stop the fighting.’» (Argyle, id.);
« JUNE 20 France – Italian offensive on the Riviera (extended along entire Franco-Italian frontier to Mt Blanc, June 21).» (Argyle, id.);
« JUNE 23 France – Italians occupy Riviera resort of Menton described by Italian commentators as a ‘strongly fortified town’!; Air War – French bombers raid Palermo (Sicily).» (Argyle, id., p.35);
« JUNE 24 Franco-Italian Armistice signed at Villa Inchesa, near Rome, by Gen. Huntziger and Marshal Badoglio. Armistice Terms: demilitarized zones to be established along Franco-Italian border and between French and Italian territories in N. and E. Africa. French troops to be evacuated within 10 days. French naval and air bases in Mediterranean to be demilitarized within 15 days.» (Argyle, id.); « On 10 June [1940] Italy had entered the war on Germany’s side, and the terms of France’s armistice with Mussolini, signed on 24 June, included the withdrawal of the French colonies from the war.» (Johnson, 1991, p.364);
« JUNE 25 France – Cease-fire on all fronts from 12.35 a.m. (BST). Italians have made virtually no progress in their offensive except at Menton, on French Riviera.» (Argyle, id.);
« JUNE 30 France – Franco-German-Italian Armistice Commission in session at Wiesbaden. Surrender of 220,000 French troops cut off in underground fortresses of Maginot Line.» (Argyle, id., p.38);
« FEBRUARY 23 [1941] Home Front: Italy – Mussolini speaks at Fascist rally in Adriano Theatre, Rome: ‘We shall fight to the last drop of our blood’. He attempts to minimize disastrous Italian campaigns in Greece and N. Africa. He lists 10 reasons why Britain cannot win the war, promises ‘victory and peace with justice’.» (Argyle, id., p.57);
« MARCH 1 North Africa – Free French under Leclerc capture Kuffra Oasis – Italian air base and garrison in S. Libya – after 22-day siege.» (Argyle, id.);
« NOVEMBER 11 [1942] Vichy France – Op. Anton: German and Italian forces occupy Vichy France; Italians seize Corsica.» (Argyle, id., p.111);
« JULY 10 [1943] Sea War: Med. – Allies invade Sicily (Op. Husky).» (Argyle, id., p.135);
« JULY 25 Home Front: ItalyMUSSOLINI resigns and is arrested on the orders of King Victor Emmanuel.» (Argyle, id., p.136);
« JULY 26 Home Front: Italy – Fascist Party dissolved. Marshal Badoglio forms ‘non-Fascist’ Cabinet. Marshal law in force throughout the country.» (Argyle, id.);
« SEPTEMBER 8 SURRENDER of ITALY. Eisenhower makes public announcement in Algiers. Home Front: Italy – Op. Achse (‘Axis’): German forces seize all strategic points in Italy and forcibly disarm Italian forces.» (Argyle, id., p.139);

Gents amassés Guienne & Limosins
: = Gens amassés [en] Guyenne] & [en] Limousin (Peoples amassed [in] Guyenne and [in] Limousin), the preposition en (in) having been omitted because of the publicity of the place-names of Guyenne and Limousin, and Limousin being arranged into Limousins to rhyme with voisins of the first line.

Compaignie: = compagnie = « MILIT. Company; compagnie de débarquement, landing party.» (Dubois).

Peoples amassed in Guyenne and in Limousin Shall be in a league, and make a company against them
: « In the southern France was formed the Maquis: the French patriots cooperated with each other. Early in 1940 Minister [for the Colonies Georges] Mandell banned these verses from being cited. He should have thought over the 9th quatrain of the Third Century [The Allied breakthrough of Avranches].» (Centurio, 1953, p.69-70).

« Resistance in Occupied Countries, France:
 1940 Establishment of a ‘Provisional National Committee of the Free French
(18 Jun.) by General Charles de Gaulle in London; later (30 July 1943) formation of a Cabinet. Apart from this, there were underground movements (the Resistance, the Maquis) in the occupied North (‘Libération Nord’, ‘Organization civile et Militaire’) and in the occupied South (‘Combat’, ‘Libération Sud’) [Peoples amassed in Guyenne and in Limousin Shall be in a league, and make a company against them]; the pro-Communist ‘Front National’ operated in both zones. Bases to aid fugitives and communications and an underground press were built up.
 1941 Foundation of a central information and operations bureau in London to serve as a link between the Gaullists and the resistance movements; the troops of the resistance operating in the underground were organized as the ‘Forces Françaises de l’Intérieur’ under the Command of General P
IERRE KOENIG (1944). Following the
 1944 uprising of the resistance groups, the German occupation troops of Paris surrendered (19 August). D
E GAULLE entered the capital.» (PenguinAtlas 2, p.208).

« In 1944 there were extensive and successful plans to co-ordinate resistance operations with the Normandy invasion. Many resisters were young men who had taken to the hills and forests to avoid compulsory work service in Germany. These Maquis groups played a notably important part in assisting the Allied invasion of southern France. Perhaps 100,000 French people died in resistance activities or in german reprisals against them.»
(Sommerville, 2008, p.163).

« Despite the exertions of de Gaulle’s Free French, France’s only real hope of liberation depended on a fundamental change in Germany’s fortunes, such as the intervention of the USA or the USSR. The involvement of the both great powers gave new heart to growing Resistance Movements inside occupied France. In the longer-term, the entry of the USA raised hopes of a Second Front and ultimate liberation.»
(Argyle, 1980, p.37).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§807 The British repulse German invasion and endure the ‘Blitz’; English-American Alliance (1940-1941): II-100.

II-100 (§807):

In the islands so horrible a tumult,
They shall hear tell of nothing but a military intrigue:
So great shall be the insult of the predators,
That they shall come to fall into line with the grand alliance.

(Dedans les isles si horrible tumulte,
Rien on n'orra qu'une bellique brigue,
Tant grand sera des predateurs l'insulte,
Qu'on se viendra ranger à la grand ligue.)

NOTES: Orra: = He shall hear, the 3rd person of the indicative future singular of the verb ouïr (to hear, to listen); « orrai, orra, V. oïr(Daele); « oïr < odir (audire), ouïr ouyr; va.: ouïr, entendre, - écouter, exaucer. ‖ Conjug.: Ind. Fut.: odrai, orrai [orras, orra, orrons, orrez, orront].» (Daele).

Bellique = « adj., Guerrier, militaire (warlike, military).» (Godefroy).

Brigue: = « Intrigue.» (Dubois).

Predateur
: = predator.

Se ranger
[à] = « To side, to take sides, to fall into line (with).» (Dubois).

Here is a reasonable interpretation of the quatrain by Ionescu, except his misunderstanding of the text “Rien” as “Bien”: « In the country of Great Britain there shall be, following the retreat from Dunkirk, a terrifying confusion. They shall hear tell of nothing but an imminent invasion of the Germans. The ravages by the aerial attacks shall be so great that England shall hasten to sign the Alliance with the United States.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.549).

« Throughout 1941, Britain fought on against the Nazis, ignoring a bizarre peace initiative by Hitler’s Deputy Führer Rudolf Hess (1894-1987). On 10 May, Hess parachuted into rural Scotland, convinced that he could persuade the British government to ally itself with Germany. Instead, he was arrested and remained a prisoner for the rest of his life. The chief threat to Britain at this stage in the war lay in the Battle of the Atlantic – German attempts to cut off the country’s seaborne supplies of food and war material. In May, the German battleship Bismarck sortied into the Atlantic. After sinking the Royal Navy battle cruiser HMS Hood, Bismarck was tracked down, halted by torpedoes dropped from Swordfish aircraft, and then sunk by British battleships. The British and Canadian navies were less successful at protecting merchant convoys against German submarines, however, and losses were soon mounting. The British people felt the effect of this in reduced food rations. Britain did not hesitate to ally itself with the Soviet Union, despite Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s strong dislike of Soviet communism. But the British really needed the US to enter the war. President Roosevelt made no pretence of neutrality. In March, he introduced Lend-Lease to supply Britain with military equipment paid for by the US government. American shipyards and factories benefited greatly from this, as did American workers with plentiful and well-paid jobs. Later in the year, free military aid from the US was extended to the Soviet Union. In August, Roosevelt and Churchill met at Placentia Bay in Newfoundland, Canada, where they agreed the Atlantic Charter, a statement of joint war aims embodying liberal democratic principles. American warships were already escorting convoys in the eastern Atlantic, and in October a US destroyer was sunk by a German torpedo, but Roosevelt felt he lacked the popular support needed for a declaration of war. Roosevelt’s dilemma was resolved by the Japanese. Roosevelt imposed an oil embargo. Japan was entirely depended on imported oil... The shock of the raid on Pearl Harbor (7 December) ensured popular American support for war with Japan, but not with Germany. To the relief of both Churchill and Roosevelt, Hitler chose to declare war on the US in support of his Japanese allies. At the Arcadia Conference in Washington at the end of the year, Britain and the US agreed a military strategy that gave priority to defeating the Germans. The two countries also agreed to unify their military command under the Combined Chiefs of Staff.» (DKHistory, p.392-393).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§806 The Battle of Britain; the operation ‘Blitz’ (1940-1941): IX-48.

IX-48 (§806):

The grand city of the maritime Ocean,
Surrounded by the shores of crystal:
In the winter solstice and the spring,
Shall be challenged by terrifying wind.

(La grand cité d'occean maritime,
Environnee de maretz en cristal:
Dans le solstice hyemal & la prime,
Sera temptee de vent espouvantal.)
(№10)

NOTES: « IX-48 (Autumn of 1940 till spring of 1941) London, the great marine city, met in the winter of 1940 and in the spring of 1941 with the horrible misfotune through the attacks by the German aircraft.» (Centurio, 1953, p.201).

Occean
[Océan] maritime (the maritime Ocean): = The River Thames, ‘ocean’ originally signifying « the great river encompassing the whole earth » (Klein, p.508) and ‘maritime’ qualifying Great Britain as ‘Great Sea Power’.

The grand city of the maritime Ocean: = The grand city of The River Thames = London.

Maret: = « maree, s.f., bord de la mer (coast, seashore) » (Godefroy), ‘-et’ being, phonetically, for ‘-ee’.

Crystal: This term, unique in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, figures « the tall towers that had sprung up on the English coast » (Bickers et al., 1999, p.46), these towers of radar stations having being constructed with the triangular frames offering the image of crystallization (cf. Iiyama, 2003, p.73: illustrations of CH radar and CHL radar and p.93: photograph of CH radar); « At the outbreak of World War II the RAF [Royal Air Force] was highly efficient technically in both flying and maintaining its aircraft. But its numbers were comparatively small and its fighter combat training had been dangerously inflexible. Numerical weakness was compensated for by possession of a unique adjunct to the country’s defence: a chain of radar stations [= CH: Chain Home] that gave early warning of air raids. Development was carried out during the 1930s. The original scheme envisaged a transmitting station every 20 miles (32km), alternate ones to have a receiver also. Each mast was to be not less than 200ft (60.6m) high, on land not less than 50ft (15m) above sea level and not more than 2 miles (3.2km) from the coast. At Easter 1939, with the outbreak of war expected at any moment, the radar chain had begun continuous watch-keeping. The aerials were stationary, the transmitter was on a 350ft (106m) steel tower and the receiver on a 240ft (73m) wooden one. A shorter wavelength was needed to pick up at low altitude, and a rotating aerial to enable a narrow ‘searchlight’ beam to sweep from side to side or be pointed in any required direction. Such equipment was devised and formed the Chain Home Low, or CHL. The first CHL station began operating in November 1939. Mobile units were also being built. The vehicles on and in which they were installed became known as a ‘convoy’. The combined CH and CHL system gave the RAF an excellent probability of detecting virtually any intruders. In addition to the CH stations, another source of information had to be integrated: the Observer Corps. This organisation originated in 1914 on the outbreak of World War I. The Royal Naval Air Service being responsible for home defence, the Police were instructed to report to the Admiralty by telephone when enemy aircraft were seen or heard. In 1916, the Army, of which the Royal Flying Corps was an arm, took over from the Admiralty. Cordons of civilian observers were now positioned at a radius of 30 miles (48km) around vulnerable areas, to inform the War Office when they saw or heard enemy aircraft and, if possible, to give an estimate of course and height. In 1921 the Observer Corps was restructured into observation posts that reported to observation centres reporting in turn to Fighting Area HQ, which was responsible for the defence of Great Britain. By the time the RAF was restructed in 1936, the Observer Corps had grown in numbers. The Observer Corps was a body of mostly part-time civilian members. At the end of the war, the accuracy of their estimations was assessed most commendably. When the war began, the control and reporting system, the most sophisticated in the world, was functioning smoothly. By the time the first sorties in the Battle of Britain were flown, it had reached a degree of efficiency far higher than that of the equivalent German organisation. The Observer Corps was organised in posts and groups. The system was fully tested during the exercise in August 1939. Secrecy about radar was so strict that, although the Corps was under the Air Ministry and received information from the radar chain, only a few officers were allowed to know the details of how this was obtained. Posts were sited at any convenient place that allowed a good field of view: rooftops were good vantage points. They were not comfortable places in which to spend several hours at a time. In a small sandbagged enclosure with scant weather protection, equipped with an instrument for estimating height and position of aircraft, binoculars and a telephone, these dedicated men kept watch. At the period with which we are concerned, there were some 30,000 observers, manning more than 1,000 posts radiating from 32 centres.» (Bickers et al., id., p.45-50).

Surrounded by the shores of crystal: The radar stations were arrayed along the whole British coast except the north-western quarter as follows: Sumburgh (Shetland), Fair Isle, Kirkwall (Orkney), Netherbutton (Orkney), Thrumster (Highland), Rosehearty, Hillhead, School Hill, Montrose, Douglas Wood, Anstruther, Drone Hill, Bamburgh, Cresswell, Ottercops Moss, Shotton, Danby Beacon, Flamborough Head, Baudsey, Walton, Dunkirk, Foreness, Dover, Rye, Poling, Ventnor, Worth, West Prawle, Hawks Tor, Rame Head, Dry Tree, St. Twynells, Warren, Haycastle, Strumble Head.

The interpretation of the phrase “maretz en cristal” by Ionescu as ‘marées de glace (tides of ice)’ (Ionescu, 1976, p.547) is not pertinent, because the glacial tides or shores have nothing to do with the Air Battle and the featuring of the unique British radar system by this unique phrase is itself a predictive mention of the Battle of Britain resulting in British victory, with which Ionescu wrongly thought this quatrain did not deal, in converging the whole quatrain solely upon the theme of the Operation “Blitz” (Ionescu, id., p.546), whose season of winter, he hopes, may justify his interpretation of ‘crystal’ as ‘ice’... Moreover, in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, the term ‘cristal (crystal)’ is meant otherwise than that of ‘glace (ice)’ employed in fact twice (I-22 and VI-52).

« In Britain, Churchill quashed defeatism. He encouraged a popular mood of defiance with his brodcast speeches and pushed through radical measures to stiffen resistance. These ranged from the internment of aliens to the creation of the Home Guard militia to resist German invasion. Since the British refused to negotiate a peace deal, Hitler began preparing a cross-Channel invasion. In August, the Luftwaffe began a sustained air campaign over southern England, initiating the Battle of Britain. British air defences were well prepared, with radar early warning stations linked to command centres that co-ordinated a response by Spitfire and Hurricane fighters. Despite this, RAF Fighter Command was hard pressed as waves of bombers with fighter escort attacked airfields, radar stations, and aircraft factories. It was a relief for the RAF when the Luftwaffe switched to bombing London from early September. On 15 September, attacked by over 1,000 German aircraft, the British shot down 60 for the loss of 28 of their own. Such figures meant that Germany could not win the command of the air needed to cover an invasion.» (DKHistory, p.391).

Hyemal: = hiémal (of winter).

La prime: = « printemps (spring) » (Godefroy).

Temptee: = « tentée (tempted) » (Ionescu, id., p.547).

In the winter solstice and the spring, Shall be challenged by terrifying wind: « German invasion plans were abandoned in October, but from autumn 1940 until May 1941 [In the winter solstice and the spring], British cities were subjected to the Blitz, a series of night raids by Luftwaffe bombers [challenged by terrifying wind] that caused heavy casualties – more than 40,000 civilians were killed – and widespread destruction. Contrary to pre-war predictions, however, the raids brought neither social breakdown nor the collapse of morale. British stoicism under fire won many admirers in the neutral US... » (DKHistory, p.391).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§805 Battle of Britain; Italian expansionism; ‘Force Z’ sunk (1940-1942): V-62.

V-62 (§805):

Upon the rocks they shall see blood rain,
The Sun Oriental Saturn Occidental:
Near Orgon a war, in Rome a great evil seen,
Vessels sunk and the Tridental taken.

(Sur les rochers sang on verra plouvoir,
Sol Orient.
Saturne Occidental:
Pres d’Orgon guerre, à Rome grand mal voir,
Nefz parfondrées & prins le Tridental.)

NOTES: The rocks: = The islands = The British Isles.

Upon the rocks they shall see blood rain: = The Battle of Britain and the following Blitz: July 1940 - May 1941 (cf. §804, IV-94).

The Sun Oriental Saturn Occidental: The two countries allied to Germany in WWII, Japan in the Orient and Italy in the Occident, Japan naturally represented by the Sun because of her etymology “Nippon: where the Sun rises” and the symbolic colour of Saturn “black” representing Italy of Mussolini through his party’s ‘black shirts’(cf. Hogue, 1997, p.379). The same pair of the Sun and Saturn for Japan and Italy can be seen in the quatrain V-11 (§875) predicting their waning away: Leur regne plus Sol, Saturne n’occupera (the Sun and Saturn shall occupy no more their reign).

And the lines 3 and 4 deal with Italy and Japan respectively.
Orgon: “A small town of France (Bouches-du-Rhône) near the left bank of the Durance, 40km. NE of Arles.” (MacCarthy).

Near Orgon a war: Italian invasion into Provence = The Leman of Germany (§804, IV-94).

In Rome a great evil seen: Expressing, not the Italian intestine situation, but the expansionism of the Mussolini administration: « As France was crashing to defeat in June 1940, Mussolini declared war on the Allies, determined not to miss out on a share of the spoils. Italy had annexed Albania without a fight in the spring of 1939 (this had been recognized by Britain as part of the then still current appeasement process). Then, in the summer of 1940, Mussolini picked a quarrel with Greece, which had been trying desperately to stay out of the war. On 28 October Italian troops crossed the border from Albania but their advance into Greece was soon halted and turned back by the Greek forces. By March 1941 half of Albania was under Greek control. Italy also had large armies in its North African colony of Libya, as well as in East Africa in Italian Somaliland and Abyssinia. In August 1940 troops from Abyssinia occupied British and French Somaliland. Then in September, the Italian Tenth Army crossed from Libya into Egypt but it halted and dug in after a short distance. In all these campaigns the weakness of the Italian forces was apparent. The troops were generally ill-trained and badly led and had little commitment to the fight. Equipment on land, at sea and in the air had many shortcomings, with flimsy tanks, outmoded biplane aircraft, inaccurate naval guns and more. Results soon made this plain.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.54).

Vessels sunk: “ Sinking of Force Z: As relations with Japan deteriorated in late 1941, the British government decided to send naval reinforcements (“Force Z”) to Singapore to deter Japanese action. Two battleships, the Prince of Wales and Repulse, were sent but a planned aircraft carrier did not go. The admiral in charge was one of the least air-minded in the Royal Navy; he made a blundering attempt, without air cover, to intercept Japanese landing forces off Malaya. Instead, on 10 December, the British ships were tracked down and sunk with little difficulty by Japanese land-based aircraft.” (Sommerville, id., p.80).

And the Tridental taken: « Fall of Singapore: By the end of January 1942, the Allied forces had withdrawn to Singapore island, over 950km from the initial Japanese landings. Singapore was supposedly an impregnable fortress, but its defences had been built with a naval attack in mind and were not well suited to opposing an advance across the Johor Straits to the north. On the night of 8-9 February the Japanese surged over and soon pushed the defenders back to the edges of Singapore city itself. General Percival decided to capitulate, though his troops (recently reinforced) greatly outnumbered their attackers.» (Sommerville, id, p.80-81).

*** First published on this BLOG on February 5, 2014 (10:44) ***
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©  Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2014. All rights reserved.

§804 Tetralogy of Winston Churchill (1) (1940-1942): IV-94.

IV-94 (§804):

Two great brothers shall be chased from Spain,
The eldest defeated beneath the Pyrenean Mountains:
Sea shall redden, the Rhone blood, the Leman of Germany
Narbon.
Blyterre, of the Good. contaminated.

(Deux grands freres seront chassés d’Espaigne,
L’aisné vaincu soubz les monts Pyrenees:
Rougir mer, rosne sang leman d’Alemaigne
Narbon. Blyterre, d’Agath. contaminees.)

NOTES: It is most strange that our predecessors in Nostradamus scholarship seem not to have found out any prophetic quatrain dealing properly with Sir Winston Churchill, one of the distinguished heroes of the 20th century in world history.

Of only two quatrains featured by V. Ionecsu (1976, p.551-552; p.558-560), the one (II-59) is substantially misunderstood by him as we see it later (§822), and the other (II-82) was completely deformed by him as we analysed it before (§20), and there we were announcing the four quatrains in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, that are in a desirable mutual correlation with the one same proper name, similar to a French place name, which suggests vehemently the well-known character of W. Churchill through the eventual composition of the two words, the one German and the other French.

Now, let’s take in consideration the name ‘Narbon. (= Narbonne = Narbon)’ of the line 4 of the quatrain in question and divide it into ‘Nar-’ and ‘-bon’, the former hinting a German ‘Narr’ (a fool, a silly) and the latter a French ‘bon’ (good).

The composition ‘Nar-bon’ can thus signify ‘a good fool’ or ‘a good silly’ which leads to another term ‘homme nice’ for W. Churchill as a man of victory and at the same time a seeming silly (cf. §906, III-14).

« Already sensing the ordeals ahead, Winston Churchill, newly elected Prime Minister of Britain, told the House of Commons defiantly, ‘
I have nothing to offer you but blood, toil, tears and sweat... You ask, what is our policy? I will say: it is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all our might and all the strength that God gave us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime. This is our policy. You ask what is our aim? I can answer in one word: it is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of terror, victory however long and hard the road may be.’ But at this moment victory was all for Hitler’s iron columns from the Ardennes. They roared onwards, fanning out behind the French 9th Army, spreading confusion and terror and defeatism. Two more armoured divisions crossed the Meuse and broke through at Dinant. Early in the morning of May 15 Winston Churchill was amazed to receive a telephone call from the French Premier, Paul Reynaud, ‘We are beaten, we have lost the battle.’» (Maule, 1972, p.12-14).

The image of W. Churchill (1874-1965) in his later years is sometimes described as kind of childishness (cf. Trémolières IV
, p.106: « Un visage de poupon mais une volonté de fer (a man with iron will notwithstanding his baby face): telle est l’image de Winston Churchill.»), and resembles the figure of a famous Japanese painting ‘Muga (無我)’ (a child with no selfish ego symbolising a state of mind supremely enlightened as in Buddhism) by Master Yokoyama Taikwan (横山大観) (1868-1958), who left us three pieces of Muga in 1897, the one is now in Tokyo National Museum, another in Mizuno Museum, Nagano, and the third in Adachi Museum of Art, Shimane.

As a matter of fact, the usage of the word ‘Narbon’ of this quatrain (followed by III-92 [§809], VI-56 [§818] and II-59 [§822]) cannot be fitting to the name of a French city ‘Narbonne’ (which is referred to 6 times in the Prophecies: I-5, I-72, I-99, IX-38, IX-63, IX-64), nor to a historical figure in the times of the French Revolution, the Count of Narbonne (1755-1813) (which is referred to there twice: §354,VIII-22; §355, IX-34).

At first, we must analyse the line 4: Narbon. Blyterre, of the Good. contaminated, especially the enigma ‘Blyterre’ in order to interpret the whole quatrain.

Blyterre: A composition of ‘Blitz’ (lightning in German) and ‘[Angle]terre’ (England in French) representing ambiguously Great Britain exposed to the German Blitz (a swift and massive attack like those that defeated instantly Denmark, Norway, Holland and Belgium) resulting in ‘the Battle of Britain’: « The conflict between the R.A.F. [Royal Air Force] and the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) in British skies between July 10th and October 31st, 1940. The Germans, with an initial force of over 1,350 bombers and 1,200 fighters, launched a series of attacks, first against shipping, then against airfields and finally against the towns, the whole operation being a prelude to invasion. The main air defence was the ‘Hurricane’ and ‘Spitfire’ fighters which were, on the average, outnumbered 3 to 1 by the attackers. The climax of the battle came on September 15th, when 56 German planes were destroyed (confused reports led to an original British claim of 185). When the invasion plan was postponed, the Germans changed their tactics and resorted to indiscriminate bombing of the larger cities, especially London, with the main attack falling at night. During the twelve-week battle 1,733 German aircraft were destroyed for the loss of 915 British fighters.» (Palmer, p.41-42).

Narbon as a compounding of a German ‘Nar’ (abbreviation of Narr) and a French ‘bon’, and Blyterre (= Bliterre) as a mixing of a German ‘Blit’ (abbreviation of Blitz) and a French ‘terre’ (abbreviation of Angleterre) (Bliterre as an abbreviation of Blitterre) are linguistically fully approved because of their following the traditional rules of word formation such as compounding and abbreviation; e.g. a French word ‘autoguidage’ (self-guidance) is a compounding of a Greek ‘auto’ and a French ‘guidage’, and ‘bus’ is an abbreviation of ‘autobus’. On the contrary the conjecture by Leoni (1982, p.248) that will see ‘Béziers (Baeterrae Septimanorum)’ in Blyterre cannot afford any excuse for its possibility but an irregular resemblance.

And properly speaking, the English Blitz signifies the battle following the battle of Britain: « London’s ordeal was not over. The German bombers came back almost every night, up to 400 or more strong, until late November. By then they were also attacking a range of major cities that included Coventry, Birmingham and others. From November through to May 1941, when the attacks ended because most of the Luftwaffe was being transferred to eastern Europe, the main targets were various port areas like Merseyside and Clydeside. The British people called these attacks “Blitz” (from the German word “Blitzkrieg”). At first defences were very ineffective. There were few anti-aircraft guns in service and radar-equipped night fighters were only just being developed. Although matters improved as the battle went on, the German loss rate remained low. Some 43,000 British civilians were killed and tens of thousands made homeless in the Blitz, but Britain’s war effort was scarcely scratched.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.41).

The Good (Agath.): From a Greek word áγαθóς: Good, noble, brave (Bailly); Agath.= Agatha (in pl.) = the Good (nation, people) = the nation of the good silly = the English of Churchill.

Contaminated: To be suffering seriously, but not fatally.

Narbon. Blyterre, of the Good. contaminated: The good silly Churchill and his good and brave nation of England being suffering from a serious German attack like a lightning.

Two great brothers shall be chased from Spain: Spain was a neutral in WWII, then the term is metaphorical and represents probably the area of the ancient Spanish Netherlands, and the two great brothers thence chased are the governments in exile of the Netherlands and Belgium occupied by Nazis. Cf. X-83, §799: They will be obliged to leave the park: « In Britain, the disastrous campaign in Norway destroyed confidence in the Chamberlain government. On 10 May [1940], Winston Churchill became prime minister at the head of a broad coalition. On the same day, German forces invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. After Rotterdam was heavily bombed, the Dutch forces surrendered to avoid further destruction. Dutch Queen Wilhelmina defiantly set up a government-in-exile in London.» (
DKHistory, p.390); « ... after eighteen days of resistance King Leopold III ordered the Belgian Army to capitulate, thereby putting the British and French troops that had gone to Belgium’s assistance in a desperate position. While the King remained a prisoner of war, the Government [of Pierlot] in exile [in London] continued to fight with the Allies.» (Palmer, p.28).

The eldest defeated beneath the mountains of Pyrenees: There are beneath the Pyrenees only two principal countries, Spain and France, of which the latter should be the subject of the verse because France was occupied by Nazi Germany in her northern half and the maritime zone on the Atlantic from Nantes till the Spanish frontier in the Pyrenees. The qualification ‘the eldest (l’aisné)’ is itself opposed to the ‘two great brothers’.

Sea shall redden: « With France beaten and the British Army practically disarmed after the evacuation from Dunkirk, Hitler probably expected Britain to surrender. However, inspired by Churchill, Britain seemed ready to fight on. On 16 July [1940] Hitler therefore ordered his armed forces to start preparing for a invasion of England. Already the Luftwaffe had begun attacks on British shipping in the English Channel [Sea shall redden], in order to draw the Royal Air Force (RAF) into battle. Since Britain’s Royal Navy was still very powerful and much of the Germany Navy had been lost during the Norwegian campaign, winning air superiority was an essential prelude to invasion.» (Sommerville, id., p.40).

The Rhone blood: “ The battle of Dunkirk: Since May 27 [1940], a rain of grenades and bombs falls close upon the port, without preventing the British troops from embarking. The German planes take off too distant bases, want protecting fighters and are often too early located by the radar of the adversary. On June 3, after having inflicted heavy human and material losses upon the Allied troops, the Luftwaffe ceases its attack on Dunkirk. She intervenes upon the aeronautic factories of the Parisian suburbs, as well as upon Marseilles and the valley of the Rhone.” (Kaspi, 1980, p.81).

The Leman of Germany
: This ‘Leman’ indicates the French territory south of Lake Leman occupied by the Italians allied to Germany, Switzerland being a neutral (cf. Kaspi, id., p.102-103).

*** First published on this BLOG on January 23, 2014 (14:47) ***
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§803 German invasion in the west outflanking the Maginot Line (1940. 5-6): IV-80.

IV-80 (§803):

Near the grand river a grand pit, the earth warps,
On the fifteen sides the water shall be divided:
The city taken, fire, blood, cries, conflicts to start.
And the greater part of the principal cities have reference to the collision.

( Pres du grand fleuve grand fosse terre egeste,
En quinze pars sera l'eau divisee:
La cité prinse, feu, sang, crys, conflict mestre
Et la plus part concerne au collisee.)

NOTES: The grand river: = The River Meuse.

Fosse: « fosse f. Pit, hole (trou). » (Dubois). The term ‘fosse’ is different from ‘fossé (ditch)’.

A grand pit: = A big and deep pit installed with a vertically sliding turret, the main equipment of the strong points (forts) some 5 km apart from each other and communicated by underground railways, which constitute ensemble the so-called Maginot Line: « The actual forts, spaced, on average, 5 km apart, came in various sizes often depending on the terrain into which they had to be inserted. No two were ever the same, but they all consisted of the same basic elements in varying combinations. These elements were the ‘blocks’, which were the combat units, either artillery or infantry, which projected above the surface, and the entrance blocks at the rear. These were joined by an infrastructure of tunnels and were supported by underground barracks, magazines, generating plant and command posts. The subterranean parts were located at least 20 m below the surface, and, depending on the terrain, parts of a fort could be anything up to 90 m deep.» (Kemp, 1981, p.30-32); « The Maginot-type turrets were retractable, being raised into the firing position by heavy counter-weights. Lowered, they presented only mushroom shaped domes from which projectiles would be deflected. This meant that only guns with extremely short barrels could be fitted into turrets which were restricted to a diameter of 4 m. A grand total of 152 such retractable turrets were fitted into the Maginot Line.» (Kemp, 1981, p.41); « The main defensive line, known as the position de résistance consisted basically of two types of work – the casemate and the ouvrage. Technically, a casemate is a vaulted structure or chamber designed to house artillery, personnel or stores. The French used it to mean the small blockhouses situated between the main forts (ouvrages), which I will refer to as interval casemates [spaced 1,800m apart] » (Kemp, 1981, p.28; [p.31]).

This ‘grand pit’ of the quatrain refers to the « small infantry fort
LA FERTÉ (sur Chiers) » (Kemp, id., p.6-7), the utmost western edge, near the Meuse (somehow 6 km distant), of the Maginot Line extending eastward; « Maginot Line. The name given to the fortifications constructed in the period 1929-34 along the eastern frontier of France from Longwy (facing Luxembourg) to Switzerland. The fortifications were not continued along the Franco-Belgian frontier, because of Belgian objections and because a group of French strategists held that the Germans could not penetrate the Ardennes. In 1940 the Germans turned the Maginot Line by their thrust through Belgium and around Sedan. When France signed her armistice with Germany all the Maginot Line forts were intact, except for some outlying defences facing Saarbrücken. The last fort surrendered, unassailed, on June 30th.» (Palmer, p.174). Hogue tells in his commentary an interesting prophetico-historical episode about this quatrain (Hogue, 1997, p.359).

Egeste: = esgeste = esgette (it warps), the 3rd person of the indicative present singular of the verb « esgeter, v.a., déjeter; v.réfl., se jeter.» (Godefroy); « déjeter v.tr. To twist, to distort, to make awry; To warp (wood); to buckle (metal) – v.pr. Se déjeter, to grow crooked (or) awry, to become distorted (body); T
ECHN. To warp (wood); to buckle (metal).» (Dubois).
The form ‘egeste’(= égeste)’ and the form ‘esgeste’ are equivalent, because the French prefix « É- » is a modern form of « ES- » derived from the Latin « E or EX » (Petit Robert, s.v. É-) and the form “esgeste” for esgette is analogous to “mestre” for mettre of the third line.

The earth warps: This simple expression alludes to the unpromising traits of the terrain of the Ardennes; « In the Forest of Ardennes, whose culmination is about 700 meters above sea level, the roads were narrow and winding, the craggy valleys bushed and the land marshy in places.» (Moriyama, 1998, p.28-30); « The German invasion of the West opened with dramatic successes on the right flank, against key points in the defence of neutral Holland and Belgium. These strokes spearheaded by airborne troops focused the Allies’ attention there in such a way as to distract them for several days from the main thrust – which was being delivered in the centre, through the hilly and wooded country of the Ardennes [the earth warps], towards the heart of France... This breakthrough in Belgium was not the decisive stroke in the invasion of the West, but it had a vital effect on the issue. It not only drew the Allies’ attention in the wrong direction but absorbed the most mobile part of the Allied forces in the battle that developed there, so that these mobile divisions could not be pulled out and switched south to meet the greater menace that on May 13 suddenly loomed up on the French frontier – at its weakest part, beyond the western end [a grand pit] of the incomplete Maginot Line. For the mechanised spearheads of Rundstedt’s Army Group had meantime been driving through Luxemboug and Belgian Luxembourg towards France. After traversing that seventy-mile stretch of the Ardennes, and brushing aside weak opposition, they crossed the French frontier and emerged on the banks of the Meuse early on the fourth day of the offensive. It had been a bold venture to send a mass of tanks and motor-vehicles through such difficult country, which had long been regarded by conventional strategists as ‘impassable’ for a large-scale offensive, let alone for a tank operation. But that increased the chance of surprise, while the thick woods helped to cloak the advance and conceal the strength of the blow. The German advance through the Ardennes was a tricky operation, and an extraordinary feat of staffwork. Before dawn of May 10 the greatest concentration of tanks yet seen in war was massed opposite the frontier of Luxembourg. Made up of three panzer corps, these were arrayed in three blocks, or layers, with armoured divisions in the first two, and motorised infantry divisions in the third. The van was led by General Guderian, and the whole was commanded by General von Kleist. To the right of Kleist’s group lay a separate panzer corps, the 15th, under Hoth, which was to dash through the northern part of the Ardennes, to the Meuse between Givet and Dinant. The seven armoured divisions, however, formed only a fraction of the armed mass that was drawn up along the German frontier ready to plunge into the Ardennes. Some fifty divisions were closely packed on a narrow but very deep front. The chances of success essentially depended on the quickness with which the German panzer forces could push through the Ardennes and cross the Meuse. Only when they were across that river-barrier would the tanks have room for manœuvre. They needed to get across before the French High Command realised what was happening and collected reserves to stop them. The race was won, though with little margin. Guderian’s attack was concentrated on a one-and-a-half-mile stretch of the river just west of Sedan. The chosen sector provided a perfect setting for forcing a passage. The river bends sharply north towards St Menges and then south again, forming a pocket-like salient. The surrounding heights on the north bank are wooded, thus providing cover for attack preparations and gun-positions as well as fine artillery observation. From near St Menges there was a wonderful panoramic view over this river-salient, and across to the wooded heights of the Bois de Marfée which form the back-curtain on the far side.» (Hart, 1971, p.66-71).

The city taken, fire, blood, cries, conflicts to start: « The assault was launched at 4 p.m., led by the panzer infantry in rubber boats and on rafts. ferries were soon in operation, bringing light vehicles across. The river-salient was quickly overrun, and the attackers pressed on to capture the Bois de Marfée and the southern heights. By midnight the wedge was driven nearly five miles deep, while a bridge was completed at Glaire (between Sedan and St Menges) over which the tanks began to pour. Even so, the German foothold was still precarious on the 14th – with only one division yet across the river, and only one bridge by which reinforcements and supplies could reach it. The bridge was heavily attacked by the Allied air forces, which enjoyed a temporary advantage as the weight of the Luftwaffe had been switched elsewhere. But the anti-aircraft artillery regiment of Guderian’s corps kept a thick canopy of fire over the vital bridge, and Allied air attacks were beaten off with heavy loss [fire, blood, cries, conflicts to start]. By the afternoon all three of his divisions were over the river. After beating off a belated French counterattack, he made a sudden turn westward. By the following evening he had broken through the last line of defence, and the roads to the west – to the Channel coast – lay open to him. The westward drive of Guderian’s three panzer divisions converged with that of Reinhardt’s two divisions from the Monthermé crossing, and also with those of Hoth’s two divisions from the crossing near Dinant. It produced a spreading collapse of French resistance, and swept through an empty space. By the night of the 16th the westward drive had gone more than fifty miles farther, towards the Channel...» (Hart, 1971, p.71-72); « Astonishingly, the French artillery, which had a great concentration of German vehicles and men to aim at, had been ordered to limit their fire, to save ammunition. The divisional commander had expected the Germans to take another two days to bring up their own field guns before crossing the river. He still had not realized that the Stukas were now the flying artillery of the panzer spearheads, and the Stukas attacked his gun positions with remarkable accuracy. As the town of Sedan burned furiously from heavy shelling and bombing, the Germans rushed the river in their heavy rubber assault boats, paddling furiously. They suffered many casualties, but eventually assault pioneers were across and attacking the concrete bunkers with flamethrowers and satchel charges. As dusk was falling, a wild rumour spread among the terrorized French reservists that enemy tanks were already across the river and that they were about to be cut off. Communications between units and commanders had virtually collapsed as a result of the bombs severing field telephone lines. First the French artillery, then the divisional commander himself, began to retreat... The fall of Sedan [The city taken], with all its echoes of Napoleon III’s surrender in 1870, struck horror into the hearts of French commanders...»
(Beevor, 2012, p.90-91).

Pars: = Sides; « part, pl. parz, pars; sf.:part, parti, côté (part, side).»
(Daele).

On the fifteen sides the water shall be divided: Namely, the water (river or canal) shall be cut through (crossed) on the 15 sides by the German troops invading France in the end as follows: the River Semoy (11 May 1940), the Albert Canal (11 May), the Meuse (13 May), the Dyle (16 May), the Sambre (21 May), the Aisne (22 May), the Scheldt (23 May), the Aa (26 May), the Somme (5 June), the Seine (10 June), the Marne (12 June), the Rhine (14 June), the Saône (16 June), the Loire (19 June) and the Rhône (20 June) (cf. Argyle, 1980, p.26-34 with the Chart ‘Campaign in the West May-June 1940’ and ‘Battle of France and Vichy 1940’).

Concerner: « Concerner (intrans.). Se rapporter [à] (to have reference [to]). – Il neglige ... ce qui concerne à hilarement et jucondement vivre (He neglects ... what has reference to living merrily and comfortably). 
LUC DE LA PORTE, trad. d’HORACE, Odes, III, 19.» (Huguet).

Collisee: = The arranged form of collision to rhyme with ‘divisee’ of the second verse. Cf. « Collisible. Qui se heurte (that which collides).» (Huguet).

The greater part: = the most part of the principal cities of France, ‘principal cities of France’ being suggested by the presence of the word ‘the city taken (la cité prinse)’ of the third verse, which refers to Sedan, the symbol of the German decisive breakthrough into the heart of France: « PANIC IN PARIS on reports of German breakthrough at Sedan. Many thousands of civilians leave city; Government departments burn secret files; Premier Reynaud telephones Churchill: ‘We are beaten; we have lost the battle!’.» (Argyle, 1980, p.28).

The greater part of the principal cities have reference to the collision
: They are listed as follows (date of capture): Sedan and Monthermé (13 May); Peronne and Cambrai (18 May); St Quentin (19 May); Amiens, Abbéville, Noyelles and Laon (20 May); Arras (21 May); Gravelines and Maubeuge (24 May); Boulogne (25 May); Calais (26 May); Ypres and Lille (29 May); Dunkirk (4 June); Rouen (9 June); Rheims (12 June); Le Havre (13 June); Paris (14 June); Verdun (15 June); Dijon and Besançon (16 June); « JUNE 18 – Rommel captures Cherbourg; 5th Pz Div. captures Brest. All large French towns to be surrendered without resistance.»; Rennes (18 June); Lyons (20 June); JUNE 22 – Armistice between France and Germany signed at Compiègne (cf. Argyle, 1980, p.28-35; Hart, 1971, p.64).

Discussion:
The interpretation of the first hemistich by Dr. Fontbrune (1939, p.178-179), followed by Boswell (1941, p.203-204), Lamont (1944, p.189), Robb (1961a, p.127-129), Ionescu (1976, p.494-495), Fontbrune (1980, p.291-292), Dufresne (1994, p.214-215), Hogue (1997, p.359-360) and Halley (1999, p.160), is utterly faulty, only except having featured the Maginot Line, for,

1° The French word ‘fosse (a pit, a hole)’ is not identical with ‘fossé (a ditch, a trench)’, the latter signifying the whole extension of the Maginot Line, whereas the former only its pointlike unit or extremity.

2° Therefore, the phrase ‘grand fosse pres du grand fleuve (a grand pit near the grand river)’ geographically leads us to the option of the Meuse to the prejudice of the Rhine, for only the Meuse can call for the western end of the Maginot Line as its nearest one.

3° The French word ‘egeste’ is not to be immediately derived from the Latin ‘egestus, a, um (carried out, born away)’, as they pretend to do so, but itself a conjugational form of the authentic existent French verbe ‘esgeter (to twist, to bend)’.

4° Then, the phrase ‘terre egeste (the earth bends)’ can depict the traits of the Forest of Ardennes, which is also near the Meuse as the text predicts, while their interpretation forged from a Latin word ‘terre egeste (the concaved earth)’ is only a useless tautology of ‘fosse or fossé’.

5° Dr. Fontbrune illustrates ‘the Maginot Line in the 15 hydrographic segments’ (p.178), copied faithfully by Robb (p.128) and Ionescu (p.494), but, astonishingly, the northern five segments of it do not correspond to any of the real Maginot Line (cf. Hart, 1971, p.64; Argyle, 1980, p.27 and p.32; Sommerville, 2008, p.36), which corresponds only to his other ten segments.

6° Moreover, the interpretation of ‘the Maginot Line in the 15 hydrographic segments’ is forced to come into existence through an extremely ungrammatical reading of the text: “
En quinze pars sera l'eau divisee (On the fifteen sides the water shall be divided)”: « Literally, “The water will be divided into fifteen sections,” but the sentence order in the French is inverted and the “de” (by) elided. Obviously it is the trench (near the river) which is divided, as one would not divide the river into sections by a trench, but vice versa.» (Robb, 1961a, p.127).

7° Robb’s paradox is to be eluded and through a closer consultation of French dictionaries, one can find the meaning of the French word ‘
part’ not as ‘part, parti (a part, a segment)’, but as ‘côté (side, direction)’, and its plural form as ‘parz or pars (sides, directions)’ (Daele), which can give us a reasonable reading of the text of Nostradamus.

8° The interpretation by Luni seems to come to the point in its essence: « Allemands et Alliés se disputeront les fleuves et les rivières à de multiples endroits (The Germans and the Allies shall dispute the rivers with each other at various sites) (Marne, Meuse, Somme, Oise, Escaut, Moselle, Aisne).» (Luni, 1998, p.211).

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§802 The bloodless surrender of Paris to the Germans (1940): VI-96.

VI-96 (§802):

The grand city abandoned to the soldiers,
A mortal tumult having never been so proximate there,
Oh, what a hideous calamity is approaching,
Save that only one offensive shall not be pardoned there.

(Grande cité à souldartz habandonnee,
Onques ny eust mortel tumult si proche,
O quel hideuse calamité s'approche,
Fors une offence n'y sera pardonnee.)

NOTES: Habandonnee: = Abandonée.

Fors: = « fors que, sauf que.» (Godefroy); « Sauf que, conj. Save that, except that.» (Dubois).

« On the morning of Sunday, 26 May, as British troops pulled back towards Dunkirk under a heavy storm – ‘thunderclaps mingled with the bombing of the artillery’ – the War Cabinet met in London. Lord Halifax raised the possibility that the government should consider approaching the Duce to find out what terms Hitler might be prepared to accept for peace. He had even met the Italian ambassador privately the previous afternoon to sound him out. Halifax was convinced that, with no prospect of assistance from the United States in the near future, Britain was not strong enough to resist Hitler alone. Churchill replied that British liberty and independence were paramount... The main conclusion was that Britain could probably hold out against invasion, providing the RAF and the Royal Navy remained intact. This was the vital point to support Churchill’s argument against Halifax. Churchill went off to Admiralty House to have lunch with Reynaud, who had just flown over to London. It was clear from what Reynaud said that General Weygand’s wildly favourable view of the situation just a couple of days previously had now swung to outright defeatism. The French were already contemplating the loss of Paris. Reynaud even said that, although he would never sign a separate peace, he might be replaced by somebody who would... » (Beevor, 2012, p.108); « In a decision which only increased the confusion, the French government had moved to the Loire Valley, with different ministers and headquarters established in various chateaux. On 11 June, Churchill flew to Briare on the Loire for a meeting with the French leaders. Escorted by a squadron of Hurricanes, he and his team landed at a deserted airfield near by. They were driven to the Château du Muguet, which was the temporary headquarters of General Weygand. Weygand described the catastrophe in the bleakest terms. Churchill, although wearing a heavy black suit on this hot day, did his best to sound genial and enthusiastic in his inimitable mixture of English and French. Not knowing that Weygand had already given orders to abandon Paris to the Germans [The grand city abandoned to the soldiers], he advocated a house-by-house defence of the city and guerrilla warfare. Such ideas horrified Weygand and also Pétain who, emerging from his silence, said: ‘That would be the destruction of the country!’ Their main concern was to preserve enough troops to crush revolutionary disorder. They were obsessed with the idea that the Communists might seize power in an abandoned Paris.» (Beevor, id., p.116-117); « The Germans now swept southwards; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252).


« The Germans wasted little time in launching the next phase of their campaign. On 6 June, they attacked the line of the River Somme and the Aisne, enjoying a considerable superiority in number and air supremacy. There were still over 100,000 British troops south of the Somme, including the 51st Highland Division which was soon cut off at Saint-Valéry with the French 41st Division. Although some French troops were fighting well, many others had started to slink away and join the columns of refugees fleeing towards the south-west of France. Panic spread with rumours of poison gas and German atrocities. Motorcars streamed forth, led by the rich who seemed well prepared. Their head-start enabled them to corner the diminishing petrol supplies along the way. The middle class followed in their more modest vehicles, with mattresses strapped to the roof, the inside filled with their most prized possessions, including a dog or a cat, or a canary in a cage. Poorer families set out on foot, using bicycles, hand-carts, horses and perambulators to carry their effects. With the jams extending for hundreds of kilometres, there were often no slower than those in motorcars, whose engines boiled over in the heat, advancing just a few paces at a time. As these rivers of frightened humanity [
A mortal tumult having never been so proximate there, Oh, what a hideous calamity is approaching], some eight million strong, poured towards the south-west, they soon found that not only petrol was unobtainable, but also food. The sheer numbers of city-dwellers, buying every baguette and grocery available, soon produced a growing resistance to compassion and a resentment of what came to be seen as a plague of locusts. And this was in spite of the numbers who had been wounded by German aircraft strafing and bombing the packed roads. Once again it was the women who bore the brunt of the disaster and who rose to the occasion with self-sacrifice and calm. The men were the ones in tears of despair.» (Beevor, id., p.115-116).

Save that only one offensive shall not be pardoned there: « Paris was an almost deserted city. A huge column of black smoke arose from the Standard Oil refinery, which had been set on fire at the request of the French general staff and the American embassy to deny petrol to the Germans. Franco-American relations were extremely cordial in 1940. The United States ambassador, William Bullitt, was so trusted by the French administration that he was temporarily mayor and asked to negotiate the surrender of the capital to the Germans. After German officers under a flag of truce had been shot at near the Porte-Saint-Denis on the northern edge of Paris, Generaloberst Georg von Küchler, the commander-in-chief of the German Tenth Army, ordered that Paris should be bombarded. Bullitt intervened and managed to save the city from destruction. On 13 June, as the Germans were poised to enter Paris, Churchill flew to Tours for another meeting... » (Beevor, id., p.117);

« The Campaign in the West
5-24 June 1940 2nd phase (‘the battle for France’). After the breakthrough of the ‘Weygand Line’, Paris was occupied without struggle [
only one offensive shall not be pardoned there](14 June). The Germans reached the Atlantic coast (19 June), and by way of the Loire (16 June), the Swiss border (17 June).
10 June 1940 Italy entered the war.
22 June 1940 The armistice was concluded in the forest of Compiègne. France was partitioned into an occupied zone and an unoccupied zone (Vichy France). The French army entered P.O.W. camps, the navy was not surrendered.»
(PenguinAtlas 2, p.199).

Boswell (1941, p.209-210) and Lamont (1944, p.210-211) proposed the theme of the quatrain correctly as the German occupation of Paris in 1940 without fully reasonable explanation of the entire quatrain.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§801 The German troops approaching Paris (1940): III-7.

III-7 (§801):

The fugitives, fire of the sky upon their pikes:
Close combats of the frolicking ravens,
From the earth they are calling for heavenly aid and succour,
When the combatants are approaching the walls.

(Les fuitifs, feu du ciel sus les piques:
Conflit prochain des corbeaux s'esbatans,
De terre on crie aide secour celiques,
Quand pres des murs seront les combatans.)

NOTES: Fuitif: = « adj. and subs., fugitif (fugitive).» (Godefroy).

Conflit prochain: = « Nahkampf (close combat, hand-to-hand fight).» (Centurio, 1953, p.69).

Here is a reasonable solution of the quatrain by Centurio:
« (June 1940)
Fire shall fall upon the weapons of the fugitives,
A close combat of the birds, that are flying up in the sky,
From the earth peoples are crying for helps into the Heaven,
When the combatants shall have arrived near the walls
.
  The German troops approaches Paris in June 1940: Nostradamus des
cribes the aerial combats and predicts the French’s calling for help into the celestial range.» (Centurio, 1953, p.69).

« The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940]. The Dutch, shaken by the bombing of Rotterdam which killed almost a thousand people, surrendered after only four days. Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May... » (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Although ill trained and badly armed, the Dutch troops fought bravely against the 9th Panzer Division fighting its way towards Rotterdam. The German Eighteenth Army commander was frustrated by their resistance, but finally that evening [13 May] the panzers broke through. The next day, the Dutch negotiated the surrender of Rotterdam, but the German commander had failed to inform the Luftwaffe. A major bombing raid was mounted on the city. Over 800 civilians were killed. The Dutch foreign minister claimed that evening that 30,000 had been killed, an announcement which caused horror in Paris and London [From the earth they are calling for heavenly aid and succour] In any case, General Henri Winkelman, the Dutch commander-in-chief, decided on a general surrender to avoid further loss of life. Hitler, on hearing the news, promptly ordered a triumphal march through Amsterdam with units from the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler and the 9th Panzer Division.» (Beevor, 2012, p.92).

« ... Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May left the British and French troops in Belgium perilously exposed as German motorised divisions swept across northern France; only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands. The British navy played the vital role in evacuating over 338,000 troops [The fugitives], two-thirds of them British, from Dunkirk between 27 May and 4 June. Dunkirk was a remarkable achievement in the face of constant Luftwaffe attacks [Close combats of the frolicking ravens] on the beaches; it would perhaps have been impossible if Hitler had not ordered the advance towards Dunkirk to halt (24 May) probably because the marshy terrain and numerous canals were unsuitable for tanks. The events at Dunkirk were important: a third of a million troops were rescued to fight again and Churchill used it for propaganda purposes to boost British morale with the ‘Dunkirk spirit’. In fact it was a serious blow for the Allies: the armies at Dunkirk had lost all their arms and equipment so that it became impossible for Britain to help France. The Germans now swept southwards [When the combatants are approaching the walls]; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Already sensing the ordeals ahead, Winston Churchill, newly elected Prime Minister of Britain, told the House of Commons defiantly, ‘I have nothing to offer you but blood, toil, tears and sweat... You ask, what is our policy? I will say: It is to wage war, by sea, land and air, with all of our might and all the strength that God gave us; to wage war against a monstrous tyranny, never surpassed in the dark, lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy. You ask what is our aim? I can answer in one word: It is victory, victory at all costs, victory in spite of terror, victory however long and hard the road may be...’ But at this moment victory was all for Hitler’s iron columns from the Ardennes. They roared onwards, fanning out behind the French 9th Army, spreading confusion and terror and defeatism. Two more armoured divisions crossed the Meuse and broke through at Dinant. Early in the morning of May 15 Winston Churchill was amazed to receive a telephone call from the French Premier, Paul Reynaud, ‘We are beaten, we have lost the battle.’ The French 9tth Army had in fact completely disintegrated. A vast mass of enemy armour was pouring through a gap 50 miles wide. The foremost Panzers were already 100 miles deep into France. Over wide areas before and around them terrified refugees were fleeing [From the earth they are calling for heavenly aid and succour], choking the roads vital for the movement of Allied troops.» (Maule, 1972, p.12-15).

« ... for more than two weeks Dunkirk had been subjected to an escalating fury of bombing. The docks were wrecked, the quays had been pounded to rubble, and more than half the town lay in smouldering ruins... On May 27, the vulture flock of Stukas [the frolicking ravens] wheeled and plunged upon the port and beaches for nearly the whole day. The smoking air was rent by explosions and the roar of flames. Goering’s Stukas, Heinkels and Dorniers dropped 15,000 high-explosive bombs, mostly 500-pounders, and 30,000 incendiaries. Over a thousand civilians lay beneath the ruins.» (Maule, 1972, p.24-25); « Dunkirk 26 May-3 June 1940 ... In the skies, the Luftwaffe and RAF [Royal Air Force] were engaged in a desperate battle [Close combats of the frolicking ravens] and both sides suffered heavy casualties, while at sea the evacuation vessels faced the gauntlet of German bombers and E-boats as they tried to approach Dunkirk.» (Grant, 2011, p.811).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

§800 Birth of Hitler in Austria; Early successes of his expansionism (1889-1941): III-58.

 III-58 (§800):

Near the Rhine of the Austrian mountains
Shall be born a great of the people having come too late,
Who shall defend Sarmatia and Pannonian districts,
So that none shall know what he shall have become.

(Aupres du Rin des montaignes Noriques
Naistra un grand de gents trop tart venu,
Qui defendra
SAVROME & Pannoniques,
Qu'on ne saura qu'il sera devenu.)

NOTES:  Boswell (1941, p.171-174) first gives us an all-around pertinent explanation of the quatrain and Centurio (1953, p.79) also an interesting information about it.

Les montaignes Noriques: = the Austrian Alps; « NORIQUE (in Latin Noricum). A province of the Roman empire, between Raetia west and Pannonia east, the Danube north and Illyria south. Noricum forms now [in 1875] a part of Bayern, of Austria and of Styria. – the Norique Alps, a part of the chain of the Alps which extends south of Noricum.» (Landais); « NORIQUE, A province of the Roman empire. It extended from the mouth of the Œnus [the Inn] till Mt. Cetius [Kahlenberg or Wienerwald].» (Bescherelle); « KAHLENBERG or WIENERWALD, Mt. Cetius of the ancient, a mountain of the Austrian States, Austria beneath the Ens [Anisus]. It is the extreme ramification north-east of the Norique Alps, that orients itself, in the direction of the north, till the bank of the Danube where it terminates itself.» (Bescherelle).

Le Rin (the Rhine): The orthography of the Rhine in the Prophecies of Nostradamus is Ryn (V-12, V-43, VI-40 and VI-87) or Rin (III-58 and V-68). But, « at first view, it seems strange to say that the Rhine is in the “mountains of Austria”, which is, with respect to this river, just on the opposite side of Germany. But in fact ‘Rin (the Rhine)’ is composed of R. and IN and will signify “the River INN” that in truth traverses “Noricum” and upon which is situated the town of Braunau, where Hitler shall be born. On the other hand, one can take the word Rin in its etymological sense, that will signify “river” and in this way we are shown the river that passes the “Austrian mountains”, which is not but the Inn.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.492); « Rhine. The river takes its name from the Rheni, the people who lived along its banks. Their own name may derive from Gaulish ren, “water”, “sea”, or in this case really “river”.» (Room, 1997, p.301); « INN (Œnus), a river of Germany which takes its source in Mt. Lungin, in the Julian Alps, and in the canton of Grisons, in Switzerland, traverses Tyrol, then a part of Bayern, where it forms, until Passau, the limit between Bayern and Austria, and joins the Danube, near Passau.» (MacCarthy); « ENS Anisus), a river of Austria, which starts from a lake in the region of Salzburg, near a small town of Waczrain, and joins the Danube. It divides Austria into the territories above and beneath the Ens.» (MacCarthy).

Shall be born a great of the people
: « The expression “grand de gents (a great of the people)” is remarkable, for it is equivalent to the German expression “Grosser des Volkes (the great of the nation)”, a surname given to Hitler by his partisans and which will underline also his common birth.» (Ionescu, id.).

Tart: =  « adv., trop tard (too late).» (Godefroy). 

Having come too late: Hitler in the Weimar regime after the defeat of Germany in WWI came into power too late to enjoy his desirable world-hegemonic Great Germany so that he was to risk his life and his whole nation to realize it in vain faced with the « Anglo-American Grand Alliance.» (Cf. Ionescu, id.; Hart, 1971, p.680); « On 5 April 1940, four days before the Nazi invasion of Norway began the European phase of the war in earnest, Goebbels gave a secret briefing to selected German journalists, one of whom made a transcript. The key passage is as follows:

 
Up to now, we have succeeded in leaving the enemy in the dark concerning Germany’s real goals, just as before 1932 our domestic foes never saw where we were going or that our oath of legality was just a trick. We wanted to come to power legally, but we did not want to use power legally... They could have suppressed us. They could have arrested a couple of us in 1925 and that would have been that, the end. No, they let us through the danger zone. That’s exactly how it was in foreign policy too... In 1933 a French premier ought to have said (and if I have been the French premier I would have said it): ‘The new Reich Chancellor is the man who wrote Mein Kampf, which says this and that. This man cannot be tolerated in our vicinity. Either he disappears or we march!’ But they didn’t do it. They left us alone and let us slip through the risky zone, and we were able to sail around all dangerous reefs. And when we were done, and well armed, better than they, then they started the war!’

  This remarkable statement is, on the whole, an accurate summary of what happened in the 1930s. It was adumbrated by Hitler’s secret briefing of his Service chiefs on 3 February 1933, his first meeting with them after his assumption of supreme power. He told them he was going to overthrow the Versailles settlement and make Germany the greatest power in Europe, and he emphasized: ‘The most dangerous period is that of rearmament. Then we shall see whether France has statesmen. If she does, she will not grant us time but will jump on us.’ Everyone knew Hitler’s aims were ambitious. The German masses believed they could and would be attained without war, by assertive diplomacy, backed by armed strength. The generals were told that war would almost certainly be necessary, but that it would be limited and short. In fact Hitler’s real programme was far more extensive than the generals, let alone the masses, realized and necessarily involved not merely war but a series of war. Hitler meant what he said when he wrote Mein Kampf: ‘Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany.’ Hitler’s aims can be reconstructed not merely from Mein Kampf itself, with its stress on the ‘East Policy’, but from his early speeches and the so-called ‘Second’ or Secret Book of 1928. This material makes it clear that the ‘cleansing’ process – the elimination of the Jews – was essential to the whole long-term strategy. Being a race-socialist as opposed to a class-socialist, Hitler believed the dynamic of history was race. The dynamic was interrupted when race-poisoning took place. The poison came, above all, from the Jews. He admired Jews as ‘negative supermen’. In his Table-Talk he said that if 5,000 Jews emigrated to Sweden, in no time at all they would occupy all the key positions: this was because ‘blood purity’, as he put it in Mein Kampf, ‘is a thing the Jew preserves better than any other people on earth’. The Germans, on the other hand, had been ‘poisoned’. That was why they lost the First World War. Even he was poisoned: that was why he occasionally made mistakes – ‘all of us suffer from the sickness of mixed, corrupt blood’. Hitler calculated it would need a hundred years for his regime to eliminate racial poisoning in Germany: on the other hand, if Germany became the first nation-race to do so successfully, it would inevitably become ‘lord of the Earth’ (Mein Kampf).» (Johnson, 1991, p.341-343).

« What distinguished Hitlerian race-theory was, first, this rooted belief that ‘cleansing’ could make Germany the first true superpower, and ultimately the first paramount power in the world; and, secondly, his absolute conviction that ‘Jewish race-poison’ and Bolshevism were one and the same phenomenon... Hitler’s full programme, therefore, was as follows. First, gain control of Germany itself, and begin the cleansing process at home. Second, destroy the Versailles settlement and establish Germany as the dominant power in Central Europe. All this could be achieved without war. Third, on this power base, destroy the Soviet Union (by war) to rid the ‘breeding-ground’ of the ‘bacillus’ and, by colonization, create a solid economic and strategic power-base from which to establish a continental empire, in which France and Italy would be mere satellites. In the fourth stage Germany would acquire a large colonial empire in Africa, plus a big ocean navy, to make her one of the four superpowers, in addition to Britain, Japan and the United States. Finally, in the generation after his death, Hitler envisaged a decisive struggle between Germany and the United States for world domination. No one since Napoleon had thought in such audacious terms. In its gigantic scope the concept was Alexandrine. Yet until he was engulfed by the war he made, Hitler was always pragmatic. Like Lenin he was a superb opportunist, always ready to seize openings and modify his theory accordingly. This has led some historians to conclude he had no master-programme. In fact, while always adjusting the tactics to suit the moment, he pursued his long term strategy with a brutal determination which has seldom been equalled in the history of human ambition. Unlike most tyrants, he was never tempted to relax by a surfeit of autocratic power. Quite the contrary. He was always raising the stakes on the table and seeking to hasten the pace of history. He feared his revolution would lose its dynamism...» (Johnson, id., p.343-344).

SAVROME: = « Sauromatae, See Sarmatae.» (Smith-Lockwood); « Sarmatae, pl. the Sarmatians; a barbarous people, who occupied the eastern parts of Europe; esp. portions of S.E. Russia; Sarmatia, their country.» (Smith-Lockwood); « SARMATIE (Sarmatia), A vast region which extended, in Europe and in Asia, between the Baltic Sea and the Caspian Sea, north of the Black Sea. It was divided into Occidental or European Sarmatia and Oriental or Asiatic Sarmatia. The first contained the countries now called Russia of Europe and Poland; the second included a part of the countries designated under the names of Siberia and Tartary and those situated between the Tanaïs [the Don], the Caucassus and the Caspian Sea.» (Landais).

Pannonia: = « PANNONIE (Pannonia), A region of Europe, bordered north and east by the Danube, and west by Noricum, from which Mt. Cétius [Kahlenberg or Wienerwald] separated it. The Romans divided it into High-Pannonia to the west, Low-Pannonia to the east, and Ripuary Pannonia or Savia upon the oriental bank of the Save.» (Landais); « PANNONIE (Pannonia), A region of ancient Europe. It corresponds to a part of Low-Austria [Austria beneath the Ens], to a part of Hungary, to a part of Slavonia, and to a part of Austrian Croatia. Different nations inhabited it. Their principal cities were Vindobona [Vienna], Carnuntum, ... » (Bescherelle). Cf. Duby, p.25, Chart B. In the context of the quatrain, the term « Pannoniques (Pannonian districts) » seems to involve, in addition to Austria, Czechoslovakia immediately north of Austria. In fact, the term « les Pannons (the Pannonians)» of the quatrain VIII-15 (§901) designates the peoples of Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

Who shall defend Pannonian districts: « Hitler’s first successful breach of Versailles came in March 1935 when he announced the reintroduction of conscription. His excuse was that Britain had just announced air force increases and France had extended conscription from 12 to 18 months (their justification was German rearmament). Much to their consternation, Hitler told his startled generals and the rest of the world that he would build up his peacetime army to 36 divisions (about 600,000 men). The generals need not have worried: although the Stresa Front condemned his violation of Versailles, no action was taken, the League was helpless, and the Front collapsed anyway as a result of Hitler’s next success.» (Lowe, 1988, p.231); « Stresa Conferences. There were two conferences held at Stresa in 1930s... The second conference was in April 1935 and was between the Prime Ministers of Britain, France and Italy (MacDonald, Flandin and Mussolini) and their Foreign Secretaries to discuss the formation of a common front against Germany in view of Hitler’s denunciation of the clauses in the Versailles Treaty limiting Germany’s armaments. The conference, which issued a formal protest, was the last demonstration of unity by three former Allies against the former enemy. Within six months Mussolini’s invasion of Abyssinia had ranged him with the delinquent Hitler, and the so-called ‘Stresa Front’ had disintegrated.» (Palmer, p.269-270).

« Shrewdly realising how frail the Stresa Front was, Hitler detached Britain by offering to limit the German navy to 35 per cent of the strength of the British navy. Britain eagerly accepted in the resulting Anglo-German Naval Agreement (June 1935) apparently believing that since the Germans were already breaking Versailles by building a fleet, it would be as well to have it limited. Without consulting her two allies, Britain had condoned German rearmament, which proceeded with gathering momentum. By the end of 1938 the army stood at 51 divisions (about 800,000 men) plus reserves, there were 21 large naval vessels (battleships, cruisers and destroyers), many more under construction, and 47 U-boats. A large air force of over 2000 aircraft had been built up.» (Lowe, 1988, p.231).

« The Anschluss [union] with Austria (March 1938) was Hitler’s greatest success to date. German troops moved in and Austria became part of the Third Reich. It was a triumph for Germany: it revealed the weaknesses of Britain and France who again did no more than protest, and it dealt a severe blow to Czechoslovakia which could now be attacked from the south as well as from the west and north. All was ready for the beginning of Hitler’s campaign to acquire the German-speaking Sudetenland, a campaign which ended in triumph at the Munich Conference in September 1938.» (Lowe, id., p.232); « Czechoslovakia was crippled by the loss of 70 per cent of her heavy industry and almost all her fortifications to Germany. Slovakia began to demand semi-independence, and when it looked as though the country was about to fall apart, Hitler pressurised President Hacha into requesting German help ‘to restore order’. Consequently in March 1939 German troops occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia. Britain and France protested but took no action.» (Lowe, id., p.237).

Who shall defend Sarmatia: Here the term Sarmatia seems to allude to the first German acquisitions and occupations in the East such as Poland, Danzig, Memel, Denmark, Norway and the western districts of Russia: « After taking over the Lithuanian port of Memel (which was admittedly peopled largely by Germans), Hitler turned his attentions to Poland. The Germans resented the loss of Danzig and the Polish Corridor at Versailles, and now that Czechoslovakia was safely out of the way, Polish neutrality was no longer necessary. In April 1939 Hitler demanded the return of Danzig and a road and railway across the corridor. This demand was, in fact, not unreasonable since Danzig was largely German-speaking; but coming so soon after the seizure of Czechoslovakia, the Poles were convinced, probably rightly, that the German demands were only a prelude to invasion. Already fortified by a British promise of help ‘in the event of any action which clearly threatened Polish independence’, the Foreign Minister, Colonel Beck, rejected the German demands and refused to attend a conference, no doubt afraid of another Munich. British pressure on the Poles to surrender Danzig was to no avail, and the British were so slow in pursuing negotiations for an alliance with Russia, the only way in which their promise of help to Poland could be made effective, that Hitler got in first and signed a non-aggression pact with the USSR. Also agreed was a partition of Poland between Germany and the USSR (24 August). Hitler was convinced that with Russia neutral, Britain and France would not risk intervention; when the British ratified their guarantee to Poland Hitler took it as a bluff. When the Poles still refused to negotiate, a full-scale German invasion began early on 1 September. Chamberlain had still not completely thrown off appeasement and suggested that if German troops were withdrawn, a conference would be held – there was no response from the Germans. Only when pressure mounted in parliament and in the country did Chamberlain send an ultimatum to Germany. When this expired at 11 a.m. on 3 September, Britain was at war with Germany. Soon afterwards, France also declared war.» (Lowe, id., p.237-238); « By the end of September [1939] the Germans and Russians had occupied Poland; after a five months pause (known as the ‘phoney war’) the Germans occupied Denmark and Norway (April 1940).» (Lowe, id., p.249-250); « The German invasion of Russia (Operation Barbarossa) began on 22 June 1941: The attack was three-plonged: in the north towards Leningrad, in the centre towards Moscow and in the south through the Ukraine. It was Blitzkrieg on an enormous scale involving close on 3.5 million men, and 3550 tanks supported by 5000 aircraft. Important cities such as Riga, Smolensk and Kiev were captured; the Russians had been caught off guard, still re-equipping their army and air force, and their generals, thanks to Stalin’s purges, were inexperienced.» (Lowe, id., p.254-255).

So that none shall know what he shall have become
: This is a fearful astonishment of the peoples of the Allies at Hitler’s remarkable military successes in the beginning. The interpretation of this verse by Ionescu as « His death – for he shall be immediately incinerated by his closest followers – shall give birth to the most diverse suppositions.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.493) is not pertinent, the theme of Hitler’s death in the utmost end being too early in the context of the quatrain.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§799 German surprise attacks on Benelux (1940-1945): X-83.

X-83 (§799):

“No sign of battle will be given
They will be obliged to leave the park
Around Ghent, the banner will be recognised
Of one who put all his own men to death.”
(Halley, 1999, p.155).

(De batailler ne sera donné signe,
Du parc seront contraint de sortir hors,
De Gand lentour sera cogneu l'ensigne,
Qui fera mettre de tous les siens à mors.)

NOTES: « 10/83 – 1940 A reference to the fall of Belgium in 1940, under the Flag of the Nazi invaders. The Swastika is for ever associated with Adolf Hitler, who was responsible for the death of millions of his fellow countrymen.» (Halley, id.). Halley’s translation and interpretation are almost precise except a few points.

De Gand lentour: = À l’entour (= Alentour) de Gand, ‘ lentour de ’ (another example in the quatrain VIII-50: la pestilence lentour de Capadille) being without preposition ‘ à ’ as a succinct usage of the idiomatic expression ‘à l’entour (= alentour) de’ (e.g. V-30 and IX-67).

No sign of battle will be given... Around Ghent, the banner will be recognised: This refers to the German surprise attacks without declaration of war on neutral Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg on May 10th, 1940, because the phrase “around Ghent” can indicate not only Belgium but also these three tiny neutral countries and the authorities of each of them went abroad into exile in fact under the German invasion, the French word ‘parc’ signifying a small country like them as well as the Vatican City designated as ‘le parc (the park)’ in the quatrain II-65 (§486); « Thursday, 9 May 1940 was a beautiful spring day in most of northern Europe. A war correspondent observed Belgian soldiers planting pansies round their barracks. There had been rumours of a German attack, with reports of pontoon bridges being assembled close to the border, but these were discounted in Brussels. Many seemed to think that Hitler was about to attack south into the Balkans, nor westwards. In any case, few imagined that he would invade four countries, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg and France – all in one go.» (Beevor, 2012, p.79);

They will be obliged to leave the park: « In Britain, the disastrous campaign in Norway destroyed confidence in the Chamberlain government. On 10 May [1940], Winston Churchill became prime minister at the head of a broad coalition. On the same day, German forces invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. After Rotterdam was heavily bombed, the Dutch forces surrendered to avoid further destruction. Dutch Queen Wilhelmina defiantly set up a government-in-exile in London.» (
DKHistory, p.390);« ... after eighteen days of resistance King Leopold III ordered the Belgian Army to capitulate, thereby putting the British and French troops that had gone to Belgium’s assistance in a desperate position. While the King remained a prisoner of war, the Government [of Pierlot] in exile [in London] continued to fight with the Allies. The King’s conduct considerably lowered the prestige of the monarchy.» (Palmer, p.28);« On the opening of the World War II, Luxembourg was again occupied by Germany and until she was liberated by the U.S. Army the Grand Duchess [Charlotte] and her government had fled abroad.» (Morita, 1998, p.437).

Qui fera mettre de tous les siens à mors
: Hitler shall be determined to put to death all of his people [tous les siens] in case of German defeat, and in deed by his death had destroyed millions of the Germans [de tous les siens], the partitive article ‘de’ signifying the latter fact. « It was essentially Hitler’s decision to fight the war to its now inevitable finish. For a time at least Stalin was already prepared to revert to the Nazi-Soviet Pact. He offered to negotiate with Hitler in December 1942 and again in summer 1943. In the autumn, fearing that Anglo-American long-term strategy predicated a Nazi-Soviet war of exhaustion, he sent his Deputy Foreign Minister and former Berlin ambassador, Vladimir Dekanozov, to Stockholm, with an effort of a return to the 1914 frontiers and an economic deal. No doubt Stalin hoped to resurrect his 1925 strategy, pull out of the war and re-enter it later. But in November 1942, on the anniversary of his putsch, Hitler had said, ‘There will no longer be any peace efforts coming from us’, and he stuck to that resolve, fulfilling the menacing prediction he had made on numerous occasions in the 1920s and 1930s that Germany had the choice only between world leadership and national destruction.» (Johnson, 1991, p.410-411); « By March 21 [1945], Patton had swept the west bank clear of the enemy along a seventy-miles stretch between Coblenz and Mannheim, cutting off the German forces in that sector before they could withdraw to the Rhine. Next night, Patton’s troops crossed the river almost unopposed at Oppenheim, between Mainz and Mannheim. When the news of this surprise stroke reached Hitler, he called for immediate countermeasures, but was told that no resources remained available... On the eve of the Rhine crossing Hitler had issued an order declaring that ‘the battle should be conducted without consideration for our own population’. His regional commissioners were instructed to destroy ‘all industrial plants, all the main electricity works, waterworks, gas works’ together with ‘all food and clothing stores’ in order to create ‘a desert’ in the Allies’ path. But his own Minister of War Production, Albert Speer, at once protested against this drastic order. To these protests Hitler retorted: ‘If the war is lost, the German nation will also perish. So there is no need to consider what the people require for continued existence.’ Appalled at such callousness, Speer was shaken out of his loyalty to Hitler. He went behind Hitler’s back to the army and industrial chiefs, and persuaded them, without much difficulty, to evade executing Hitler’s decree.» (Hart, 1971, p.678-679); « Balance sheet of the WWII, human loss: Germany 5.25 millions, whose 500,000 are civilians.» (Ploetz, 1998, p.801-802).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§798 Blitzkrieg (The lightning war) - May 10th, 1940 (1940) (2): X-67.

X-67 (§798):

The tremble so strong in the month of May,
Saturn, Caper, Jupiter, Mercury in the bull:
Venus also Cancer, Mars, in nones,
Shall fall a hail then larger than an egg.

(Le tremblement si fort au mois de May,
Saturne, Caper, Jupiter, Mercure au beuf:
Venus aussi Cancer, Mars, en Nonnay,
Tombera gresle lors plus grosse qu'un euf.)

NOTES: Le tremblement (The tremble): This phrase, together with “si fort (so strong)”, is a manner of saying preferred by Nostradamus for expressing « A war/ a war to take place » (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.459). In fact, of the 24 phrases including the word “trembler (to tremble)”, 17 are yet in this sense (I-57, I-82bis, I-87, II-68, II-86, IV-54, IV-90, V-27, V-50, V-61, V-68, IX-33, IX-60bis, IX-94 and X-67) as well as the other 5 with an expression of ‘fear’ (III-88, IV-5, IV-36, V-23 and XII-65) and only the remaining 2 are allotted otherwise.

The tremble so strong in the month of May: « The tremors (wars) will be very strong in the month of May.» (Lamont, 1944, p.335).

The key point of the quatrain consists in the determination of the year in question by the astronomical conditions described there. But, for a moment, the term ‘Caper’ is not known to us as a planet, we first consider the condition “Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury in the bull”:

1° The periods (year.month.day) of Saturn and Jupiter together in the Bull are as follows during the 16th – 20th centuries (1555-2000) [Paris, LMT; astronomical calculations by means of StellaNavigator]: 1763.5.6-1763.6.11, 1822.4.22-1822.7.20, 1822.12.5-1823.3.9, 1881.4.11-1882.4.22, 1940.5.16-1941.5.26, 1999.6.28-1999.10.23 and 2000.2.14-2000.6.30.

2° The periods (year.month.day hour:minute) of Saturn, Jupiter and Mercury together in the Bull are as follows: 1763.5.6 6:40-1763.5.15 16:00, 1822.5.3 17:00-1822.5.17 23:00, 1881.5.4 20:00-1881.5.19 6:30, 1940.5.16 7:40-1940.5.21 14:00, 1941.4.28 23:00-1941.5.13 1:00 and 2000.4.30 4:00-2000.5.14 7:30.

3° According to the verse “Venus aussi Cancer (Venus also Cancer)” interpreted as “Venus in Cancer during the periods of 2°”, these periods can be reduced to the following sole one: (p1) 1940.5.16 7:40-1940.5.21 14:00. As to the supposed ellipsis of the preposition ‘in (en or à)’ before Cancer, it concerns a prophetic embroilment.
Cf. A l'Entrée des Prophéties, §5, Catégorie d: Ellipse de prépositions pour embrouiller prophétiquement.

4° The verse “Cancer, Mars, en Nonnay (Cancer Mars in nones)” can be interpreted as “Mars in Cancer in the seventh day of May”, where the diction of the ancient Rome ‘nones (the 7th of May)’ [Nonnay = « nones n.pl. In ancient Roman calendar by inclusive reckoning, ninth day before ides (7th day of Mar., May, July, Oct., 5th day of other months).» (Sykes)] should be translated concerning the day of 1940 into the Gregorian date: 7+13=20 (the 20th of May) as Ionescu argued it correctly (Ionescu, 1976, p.486). Then Mars’ longitude on May 20th 00:00-24:00, 1940, are [91°32′24″]-[92°11′08″], namely, just in Cancer. As to the date by the ancient Roman manner, another example of “le dix Kalendes d’Apuril de faict Gotique (the tenth of the calends of April in Gothic fashion)” (§391, I-42) is, in its context, not to be translated to the Gregorian.

5° The term “Caper” as a possible planet may be one of the three newly discovered Uranus, Neptune or Pluto other than those known since the ancient times, which Nostradamus had already predicted in his Prophecies (§341, VIII-69; §613, IV-33; §767, I-84). Although Ionescu has identified it with Uranus with verbal imaginative confidence (Ionescu, 1976, p.484-485), we will follow the discursive route and discern these three planets’ longitude during the pertinent period above (p1):

(p1) 1940.5.16 7:40-1940.5.21 14:00.
Uranus..... [52°11′46″]-[52°30′02″]
Neptune.... [172°48′35″]-[172°46′01″]
Pluto..........[120°50′51″]-[120°55′32″]

6° In fact, as Ionescu argues it, the so-called Caper is not but the planet Uranus that is in the Bull.

7° In conclusion, we get the period 1940.5.16 7:40 - 1940.5.21 14:00 as the most pertinent. Therefore, only the case of p1 is entitled to be the year in question, namely, the year 1940.

A hail larger than an egg: = « heavy bombs » (Lamont, id.).

Shall fall a hail then larger than an egg: « ... For more than two weeks Dunkirk had been subjected to an escalating fury of bombing. The docks were wrecked, the quays had been pounded to rubble, and more than half the town lay in smouldering ruins... On May 27, the vulture flock of Stukas wheeled and plunged upon the port and beaches for nearly the whole day. The smoking air was rent by explosions and the roar of flames. Goering’s Stukas, Heinkels and Dorniers dropped 15,000 high-explosive bombs, mostly 500-pounders [a grail larger than an egg], and 30,000 incendiaries. Over a thousand civilians lay beneath the ruins... » (Maule, 1972, p.24-25).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§797 Blitzkrieg (The lightning war) - May 10th, 1940 (1940): IX-83.

IX-83 (§797):

The Sun twenty of Taurus so vehemently the earth shall tremble,
The crowded big theatre shall ruin,
The air, the sky and earth shall darken and be in disorder,
When the faithless people shall call upon a god and saints.

(Sol vingt de taurus si fort terre trembler,
Le grand theatre rempli ruinera,
L'air, ciel & terre obscurcir & troubler,
Lors l'infidelle dieu & sainctz voguera.)

NOTES: « TRANSLATIONWhen the sun is in twenty (degrees) Taurus, the earth will shake so strongly (the war will be going full blast), the great theater that has just been completed will be ruined. The air, the sky and earth will be obscure and troubled, while the “infidel” will invoke God and Saints. INTERPRETATION: This is an indication of the period when the march of the German army against France began in May, 1940.» (Lamont, 1944, p.184-185).

Sol vingt de taurus (The Sun twenty of Taurus): « The date of May 10th is clearly indicated by the position of the Sun at 20° of Taurus. All of us know that on May 10th, 1940, Hitler commences the invasion of France via Belgium. We shall see in the following quatrain (§798, X-67) how Nostradamus can give us not only the day and the month, but also the year.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.482). « The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940] and again Blitzkrieg methods brought swift victories.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « The Poles were defeated swiftly because of the German Blitzkrieg (lightning war). It consisted of rapid thrust by motorised divisions and tanks (Panzers) supported by air power: the Luftwaffe (the German air force) put the Polish railway system out of action and destroyed the Polish air force.» (id., p.250).

Terre trembler (the earth to tremble): This phrase, together with “tremblement de terre (tremble of the earth)”, is a manner of saying preferred by Nostradamus for expressing « A war/ a war to take place » (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.459). All of the 12 usages of this expression in the Prophecies of Nostradamus are in this sense without exception (I-20, I-46, I-93, II-52, III-3, VI-66, VI-88, VIII-29, IX-31, IX-83, X-60 and X-79). Moreover, of the other 24 phrases including the word “trembler (to tremble)”, 17 are yet in this sense (I-57, I-82bis, I-87, II-68, II-86, IV-54, IV-90, V-27, V-50, V-61, V-68, IX-33, IX-60bis, IX-94 and X-67) as well as the other 5 with an expression of ‘fear’ (III-88, IV-5, IV-36, V-23 and XII-65) and only the remaining 2 are allotted otherwise (II-64: enfeebling of laws; V-49: shake of the regime). In conclusion, 34 of 36 usages of the word “trembler (to tremble)” are designed to signify the war.

The crowded big theatre shall ruin: As well as a metaphorical usage of the term “the earth to tremble”, the term “a crowded big theatre” must be understood as a metaphor for a large civilized city ruined in the first stage of the World War II: « The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940]. The Dutch, shaken by the bombing of Rotterdam which killed almost a thousand people, surrendered after only four days. Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May... » (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Although ill trained and badly armed, the Dutch troops fought bravely against the 9th Panzer Division fighting its way towards Rotterdam. The German Eighteenth Army commander was frustrated by their resistance, but finally that evening [13 May] the panzers broke through. The next day, the Dutch negotiated the surrender of Rotterdam, but the German commander had failed to inform the Luftwaffe. A major bombing raid was mounted on the city. Over 800 civilians were killed. The Dutch foreign minister claimed that evening that 30,000 had been killed, an announcement which caused horror in Paris and London. In any case, General Henri Winkelman, the Dutch commander-in-chief, decided on a general surrender to avoid further loss of life. Hitler, on hearing the news, promptly ordered a triumphal march through Amsterdam with units from the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler and the 9th Panzer Division.» (Beevor, 2012, p.92); « Rotterdam anéantie par les raids aériens, 14 mai 1940 (Rotterdam annihilated by air raids, May 14, 1940)... » (Blaise, 1986, p.1073).

The air, the sky and earth shall darken and be in disorder
: because of motorised divisions, tanks and constant air force attacks: « ... Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May left the British and French troops in Belgium perilously exposed as German motorised divisions swept across northern France; only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands. The British navy played the vital role in evacuating over 338,000 troops, two-thirds of them British, from Dunkirk between 27 May and 4 June. Dunkirk was a remarkable achievement in the face of constant Luftwaffe attacks on the beaches; it would perhaps have been impossible if Hitler had not ordered the advance towards Dunkirk to halt (24 May) probably because the marshy terrain and numerous canals were unsuitable for tanks. The events at Dunkirk were important: a third of a million troops were rescued to fight again and Churchill used it for propaganda purposes to boost British morale with the ‘Dunkirk spirit’. In fact it was a serious blow for the Allies: the armies at Dunkirk had lost all their arms and equipment so that it became impossible for Britain to help France. The Germans now swept southwards; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252); « Had all the port facilities been available, and had its exodus been unopposed, the B.E.F. [British Expeditionary Force] could have escaped with all its equipment within a very few days. However, for more than two weeks Dunkirk had been subjected to an escalating fury of bombing. The docks were wrecked, the quays had been pounded to rubble, and more than half the town lay in smouldering ruins... On May 27, the vulture flock of Stukas wheeled and plunged upon the port and beaches for nearly the whole day. The smoking air was rent by explosions and the roar of flames. Goering’s Stukas, Heinkels and Dorniers dropped 15,000 high-explosive bombs, mostly 500-pounders, and 30,000 incendiaries. Over a thousand civilians lay beneath the ruins.» (Maule, 1972, p.24-25; A photograph of ‘Black smoke from burning oil tank billows from Dunkirk’, id., p. 24); « The all-out assault by the Luftwaffe on June 1 was synchronized with a surge forward by German infantry, curtained by a formidable artillery barrage, and strongly supported by tanks... That day, wave after wave of enemy warplanes blackened the sky. The beaches, the mole and the harbour were a hell of bursting bombs and shells.» (Maule, id., p.31-32).

Infidelle
: = Infidèle, the double LL being for exposition of the preceding E with a grave accent È; « INFIDÈLE. adj.
Qui n’est pas fidèle (Who is not faithful). Qui ne professe pas la religion considérée comme vraie (Who does not confess the religion considered as true). – Subst. Un, une infidèle (Noun. A faithless man or woman).» (Petit Robert). « Adjectives already ending in –e in the masculine cannot take an additional e in the feminine. E.g. difficile.» (Collins, p.204). Therefore, the explanation of this orthography preferentially as the feminine (e.g., Ionescu, 1976, p.482-483; Clébert, 2003, p.1043) is not pertinent.

L’infidelle
: = The faithless, the faithless people, the French definite article (LE) in this case representing the concept of generality: « Some Special Uses of the Definite Article (a) A noun used in an abstract or in a general sense requires a definite article in French, where the equivalent English usually omits the article.
Le pain est bon. (Bread is good.) Marie aime la musique. (Mary likes music.)» (Collins, p.197-198).

When the faithless people shall call upon a god and saints: Here, the faithless people in the days of the Nazis are considered as the Jews believing in another god and saints other than the Christains’. In this sense, Ionescu’s interpretation (Ionescu, 1976, p.483) is fairly recommended. « By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt... The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns... » (Johnson, 1991, p.415).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§796 George VI’s visit to Canada and USA; Hitler as an Antichrist (1938-1941): X-66.

X-66 (§796):

The head of London on his way to the reign America,
To the island of Scotland shall be perplexed by frost,
The Berliners shall have a King so untruthful an Antichrist,
That he shall bring all of them into a severe conflict.

(Le chef de Londres par regne lamerich
L'isle d'Escosse tempiera par gelee,
Roy Reb. auront un si faulx antechrist,
Que les mettra trestous dans la meslee.)

NOTES: The head of London on his way to the reign America, To the island of Scotland shall be perplexed by frost: « It was in 1919 after the war of 1914-18 that I happened to get a review containing an article on Nostradamus. It reproduced a quatrain which retained my attention: it was the quatrain 66 of the Tenth Century. At that time I reasoned that “never so far a King of Britain had not been in America. If someday one of the Kings of Britain shall go there, it will be the announcement of a war. Then we shall wait this journey in wishing it would take place as latest as possible.” ... We had to wait 18 years to obtain the confirmation of my hypotheses. One day in 1938, I knew in a newspaper that King George VI was going to visit Canada, and that thence he would proceed so far as to Washington. Some days [sic. For months] later I knew in the same newspaper that the vessel he was on board had been stopped in front of the Isle of Nova Scotia by dangerous icebergs [frost]. The second verse I had found unusual became in this way surprisingly clear: « l’isle d’Escosse (the island of Scotland) », it was Nova Scotia.» (Willoquet, 1967, p.76-77).

Regne lamerich: = A reign the America (= a State the America = USA), regne (a reign) and lamerich (the America) being in apposition.

Regne l'isle d'Escosse: = A reign the island of Scotland (= a State the Nova Scotia [la Nouvelle Écosse] = Canada), regne (a reign) and l’isle d’Escosse (the island of Scotland) being in apposition.

Tempiera:
= He shall be worried, tempiera being the third person singular future of the intransitive verb tempier itself from the French noun « tempier. tempête, confusion (tempest, confusion).»
(Godefroy); « Tempester. Se tempester. S’agiter. Se tourmenter, être soucieux (To tempest. To be agitated, to be worried).» (Huguet).

« 1939 Jun: 8th (-11th), George VI visits U.S. at end of tour of Canada.» (Williams, 1968, p.568).

« Introduction: During the late spring of 1939, Canada buzzed with excitement. The first reigning monarch in Canadian history was going to visit in a remarkable month long 7,000-kilometre trans-Canadian journey by rail, with a brief foray into the United States. A frenzy of apprehension arose as ice and fog delayed the arrival of the royal couple [The head of London shall be perplexed by frost] on the Empress of Australia. Finally, two days late, on May 17, to the cheers of over 10,000 at Quebec City and hundreds of thousands more gathered around radio receivers across the country, the shy King and his lovely Queen stepped on Canadian soil. For four weeks Canadians forgot about the lingering Depression, the looming war in Europe and Asia, and the pressures of everyday life; they became totally absorbed by this unprecedented visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. The country was awash in royal fever. Everything came to a stand-still for the duration of the tour: meals were delayed, cut short or not eaten at all; meetings began late or were hurried or simply forgotten; life was disrupted as never before. Everyone scooped up newspapers and huddled around radios to read and to hear the progress of the tour as it proceeded from one end of Canada to the other and back again. The magnificent spectacle of this remarkable tour touched young and old alike, including a young woman in Edmonton, Vera Collins. Vera Collins was a typical young Canadian. She was born October 1, 1909 at Almonte Ontario to Mortimer and Edith Collins. When she wrote her diary, Vera Collins was single. Subsequently, she married Robert Webb and took his name, becoming Vera Webb..... Vera Collins’ journal shows that the Royal Visit was a once-in-a-lifetime event, a breath-taking happening which excited Canadians who relished a break from their daily routines. As the royal train moved westward, Vera’s journal entries became more exuberant, tinged with apprehension. She became caught up in the wonder of public preparations in Edmonton for the royal visitors. With obvious pride, Vera was most pleased with the city’s decoration colour scheme of red, white and blue for its “960 crowns, 215 coats of arms, 23,000 yards of bunting, 2,200 flags and 6,500 pennants.’’ In her personal “tour of inspection” before the arrival of the royal couple, Vera made special mention in her journal of the paintings in front of a dwelling on McDonald Drive near 101st Street. This display of oil paintings of the royal family was completed four months previously by Edmonton’s famous photographer, Ernest Brown and his assistant, Miss Gladys Reeves and put up in front of Miss Reeves’ home. Vera was well satisfied with Edmonton’s preparations. Finally, the day of the visit arrived on June 2, 1939. The city of about 90,000 had swollen to over 200,000. As the royal blue and silver Royal train carrying King George VI and Queen Elizabeth pulled into the CNR station at Edmonton, the sky was clear and blue with the temperature the warmest their Majesties had experienced in Canada at 17 degrees celsius... [Kenneth Munro, Edmonton 2005 (Kenneth Munro is a professor of History and Acting Chair of the Department of History & Classics in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Alberta.)]» (Collins, 2005, p.8-11).

« The prospect of a nation-wide royal tour of Canada was extremely popular. To the old desire of Canadians to have their monarch among them, was added curiosity about the new King [crowned in 1936] and Queen and wish to show support for them. The Prime Minister’s enthusiasm reflected the people’s. The importance Mackenzie King attached to the tour is seen from the impressive body he set up to take charge of the planning. The Interdepartmental Committee on the Royal Visit was chaired by civil service mandarin and future Canadian diplomat Ephriam Herbert Coleman, then Under-Secretary of State and Registrar-General of Canada… Even Government House in Ottawa, always a suspicious quarter in Mackenzie King’s mind, was deeply involved in the preparations. King liked the current incumbent, the tactful Lord Tweedsmuir, although they had already had at least one major falling out. So in December 1938 King, with the tour in mind, had Tweedsmuir obtain the King’s approval for amending the official Canadian Table of Precedence last revised in 1923. In 1923 Lieutenant-Governors of provinces had been moved up to second place, following the Governor-General. King, himself responsible for the 1923 change, now wished to put the First Minister (himself) immediately after the King’s Representative… » (Bousfield and Toffoli, 1989, p.22).

« However anxious the king might have been that war should be averted, he undertook two state visits in these years which directly contributed to the solidarity of what would one day be the alliance against Germany. The first, in July 1938, was to France… By the time that the king embarked on the second of his major trips abroad, to North America in May 1939, little hope was left that war might finally be averted. It did not seem possible that the United States could be induced to join a coalition against Germany, but it was essential that it should at least be well disposed towards the Anglo-French alliance and be ready to give it preferential treatment when it came to economic support and the supply of arms. The royal visit therefore formed part of a campaign to influence the hearts and minds of the American people. The American tour was presented as – indeed, was originally conceived as – an appendage to a royal visit to Canada. To avoid any accusation that the king was seeking to make political points he was accompanied, not by the British foreign secretary but by the Canadian prime minister. The visit was low-key, informal and yet designed to secure as much publicity as possible. It was largely due to the dexterity, as well as the obvious enthusiasm and goodwill, of the king and queen that the aims of the mission were accomplished. The tour got off to an inauspicious start when the king’s ship, The Empress of Australia, lost more than three days because of the inordinate number of icebergs along the route [shall be perplexed by frost]. The captain, the queen told Queen Mary, was driven almost demented by helpful passengers pointing out that his ship was close to the spot where, at much the same time of year, the Titanic had met its end. No such disaster occurred on this occasion and the visit to Canada was triumphantly successful. ‘I realise now more than ever,’ wrote the Governor General, Lord Tweedsmuir, more widely known as the novelist John Buchan – ‘what a wonderful mixture [the king] is of shrewdness, kindliness and humour. As for the queen, she has a perfect genius for the right kind of publicity,’ That is the sort of thing governor generals are supposed to say, but there is enough evidence from other sources to suggest that Tweedsmuir’s flattering words were fully justified. The American public was a harder nut to crack. A large part of the population was both anti-imperialist and opposed to anything that they felt might embroil them in a European war. There was no overnight conversion as a result of the royal visit but in Washington they were greeted by enormous crowds, who may have come out of curiosity but, according even to the more anti-British elements of the American press, formed a most favourable impression of their visitors. What mattered more was the bond that was forged between the king and queen and President Franklin Roosevelt. They stayed with Roosevelt at Hyde Park, the president’s family home on the Hudson River. The two men spoke long and seriously and George VI’s record of their conversation reveals how frank the president was about the United States’ attitude towards the forthcoming war and his hopes of influencing it in favour of the Allies. Indeed, he promised more than he was able to fulfil, for he told the king that, if the Germans were to bomb London, America would enter the war. A firm if unlikely friendship established between the two men. For the five and a half years between September 1939 and his death in April 1945, Roosevelt, from the point of view of the future of Britain, was the most important man in the world. The fact that the king was able to write to him informally, reflecting the views of his government but in personal terms and free of the trammels of official communications, must, at the very least, have been a useful extra weapon in Britain’s diplomatic armoury. So it was back to Britain at the end of June, with Germany growing ever more belligerent and the inevitability of war becoming more obvious by the moment. George VI was one of the last people to abandon hope that Hitler might experience a last-minute change of heart. He offered, once more, to make a personal appeal; this time through his cousin, Prince Philip of Hesse. Chamberlain turned down the idea; he was probably right to do so, it would have achieved nothing and might merely have fortified Hitler in his belief that, when it came to the point, Britain and France would baulk at going to war. That point came on 3 September 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. As his father had been a quarter of a century before, George VI found himself monarch of a country which was at war.» (Ziegler, 2018, p.48-52).

The head of London ... so untruthful an Antichrist ... into a severe conflict « I
NTERPRETATION: The United States will join England against a cruel tyrant who will be opposed to the church – Adolf Hitler. Plainly, Nostradamus says here that the United States will join Great Britain to crush Adolf Hitler and his Nazis.» (Lamont, 1944, p.320).

Roy Reb. auront un si faulx antechrist: The construction will be as follows: Reb. auront Roy un si faulx antechrist (Reb. shall have a King, so untruthful an Antichrist). The term with a period of ellipsis Reb. probably suggests Berlinois (Berliners, those of Berlin = the Germans), and Roy and un si faulx antechrist seem to be in apposition. The interpretation by Ionescu (1976, p.544) of the term Reb. simply as “BERLIN (BER, the simple inversion of Reb., comes from BERLIN)” is insufficient because the verb in the plural “auront ([they] shall have)” demands its subject in the plural, nor his conclusive one as “the government of the Nazis of Berlin (Roy Reb.)” (id., p.545) is pertinent because he congregates the subject and the object of a sentence into one subject, wich being left yet in the singular.

Antechrist
: « ANTÉCHRIST or rather ANTICHRIST. According to the Epistles of John, the Christians of the end of the 1st century did not wait for the return of the Christ before the arrival of an Anti-Christ [ἀντίχριστος], namely, following the Greek etymology, of a false replacement of the Christ. On the other hand, the second Epistle to the Thessalonians precedes Advent of the Christ by that of a “Man of lawlessness, Son of destruction” who shall be the instrument of Satan to provoke a general apostasy, ruin the religions and proclaim himself God (2Th 2, 3-9)... The Antichrist and the Man of lawlessness are not but a single figure upon which the posterior centuries have projected their successive fears.» (Monloubou, p.39-40).

Un si faulx antechrist
: = « An Antechrist so deceitful and so unfaithful – Hitler.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.545); « Concerning our times, the Prophet considers three Antechrists: Staline (quatrains VI-49, X-1 and X-65), Hitler (X-66) and Mao Tse-Tung (VIII-77). These dictators have in common some distinctive traits: 1. They imposed a totalitarian regime with a great cruelty. 2. The number of their victims amounts to tens of millions (by wars, executions and prisons). 3. They made “cultural revolutions” in opposing the religion and the tradition of their country. 4. They provoked the hatred and the conflict among races and social classes. 5. They erected themselves as superhuman entities and encouraged the cult of their personality.» (Ionescu, 1987, p.451-452). There appears in the Dedication to Henry II (№3, pp.3-23; №10, pp.153-173) five examples of the word Antechrist/antechrist, whose two of the paragraphs 44-46 (following Le Pelletier’s paragraphing) refer to Stalin because the passage includes the name ‘Atila [Attila]’ and the event of ‘October Revolution’, another two of the paragraphs 93-95 to Hitler because the region of Europe and the supposed years 37-45 [WWII] are told there, and the remaining one of the paragraph 107-109 also to Hitler, there being exposed the Roman occupation by ‘the antechrist, the infernal prince’ in the hottest battle in the Christian countries probably after Mussolini’s fall.

Les... trestous (all of hem): = The peoples of Great Britain, the United States, Canada and Germany.

Meslee: = « MÊLÉE. Confusion de combattants au corps à corps. Lutte, conflit (Confusion of hand-to-hand combatants. Struggle, conflict).» (Petit Robert).

The Berliners shall have a King so untruthful an Antichrist, That he shall bring all of them into a severe conflict: « Hitler “sang false”, in deed, by his solemn declarations made to the prime Minister Chamberlain – after the “Munich Conference” (September 30, 1938) by means of which Hitler obtained the region of Sudetenland – not to risk any other aggression. Moreover, all the declarations made by the Führer were revealed false; all the rest of Czechoslovakia was occupied only a few months later, and then Poland was also invaded, which determined the declaration of war by Chamberlain.» (Ionescu, id., p.544).

Que les mettra trestous dans la meslee: Great Britain (September 3, 1939), the USA (December 11, 1941 through German declaration of war against USA) and Canada (September 10, 1939) declared war against Germany in the World War II (cf. Ploetz, 1998, p.757).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§795 The launching and scuttling of Admiral Graf Spee (1936-1941): II-5.

II-5 (§795):

What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him
Shall launch outward he who then shall wage a war,
Shall have his fleet well equipped,
Appearing near the Latin region.

(Qu'en dans poisson, fer & letre enfermée
Hors sortira qui puys fera la guerre,
Aura par mer sa classe bien ramée
Apparoissant pres de Latine terre.)

NOTES: Qu'en dans poisson, fer & letre enfermée: = Ce qui est quelque chose comme fer & letre enfermée dans poisson par lui (What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him) = the German pocket battleship Graf Spee; « According to Centurio [1953, p.50], the fish symbolizes the submarine [U-boat]...» (Ionescu, 1976, p.477); « “Spee” recalls us “Speer”, which means in German ‘dart or javelin’, therefore “fer (iron)”, and “Graf” (by a phonetic equivalence) is “graph”, from the Greek “γραφή (graphē)”, écriture (scripture), therefore “letter”.» (Ionescu, id., p.480).

Pres de Latine terre: = « près de l’Amérique Latine (near the Latin America).» (Ionescu, id., p.479).

What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him Shall launch outward he who then shall wage a war... Appearing near the Latin region: Hitler, who thereafter shall wage a war, shall launch outward before the war Graf Spee, which in war shall appear near South America: « Graf Spee, in full Admiral Graf von Spee, German pocket battleship of 10,000 tons launched in 1936 [What is something like iron and letter enclosed in fish by him Shall launch outward he who then shall wage a war]. The Graf Spee was more heavily gunned than any cruiser and had a top speed of 25 knots and an endurance of 12,500 miles (20,000 km). After sinking several merchant ships in the Atlantic, the Graf Spee was sighted on Dec. 13, 1939, off the Río de la Plata estuary [Appearing near the Latin region] by a British search group consisting of the cruisers Exeter, Ajax, and Achilles, commanded by Commodore H. Harwood.» (EB, s.v.[https://www.britannica.com/topic/Graf-Spee]); « River Plate 13-17 December 1939. Nazi Germany’s hopes of improving on the dismal performance of their country’s surface ships in World War I took a blow when one of their most powerful ships was tamely scuttled after an inconclusive battle with a far-from-overwhelming British force at the start of World War II. The German navy built a class of “pocket battleships,” designed specifically for extended raids against British trade. When war broke out in September 1939, one of these ships, Graf Spee, was already en route to the South Atlantic [... launch outward...]. It began operations against British shipping in late September, sinking or capturing nine ships by early December. By then, the British had deployed several groups of warships to search for the raider. On 13 December, Graf Spee met one of these hunting groups off the mouth of the River Plate [near the Latin region]. It consisted of three cruisers – two British, Exeter and Ajax, and one New Zealand, Achilles – under the overall command of Admiral Henry Harwood. The Germans concentrated their fire on Exeter, the most powerful ship, inflicting heavy damage and putting most of its guns out of action. Exeter was saved from destruction by the bold intervention of the smaller cruisers, but Ajax was also hit heavily. In return, Graf Spee received serious but far from fatal damage. The German commander, Captain Hans Langsdorff, decided to retreat to Motevideo in neutral Uruguay in order to make repairs. While Graf Spee was in port, the British tried to rush reinforcements to the area and managed to convince Langsdorff that these had already arrived when, in fact, only one ship had completed the journey. On 17 December, Langsdorff decided to scuttle Graf Spee in the River Plate estuary. Two days later, he committed suicide.» (Grant, 2011, p.803).

He who then shall wage a war: = « Invasion of Poland 1 September – 5 October 1939. Despite guarantees by Britain and France to aid Poland, Adolf Hitler was determined on war [He who then shall wage a war] and sure that his secret nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union would give him a free hand in Poland. The German invasion marked the start of World War II.» (Grant, id., p.801).

Ramé
: = « garni de rames (furnished with oars).» (Godefroy).

He who shall have his fleet well equipped
: = « The Battle of the Atlantic, 1939 - 41. Germany’s Kriegsmarine was poorly prepared for war in 1939, with few powerful surface ships and a small force of submarines. Only from the spring of 1941 would German U-boat strength increase substantially. For the first year or so of the war about a third of German torpedoes failed to explode, which obviously thwarted many attacks... The fall of France in 1940 brought a major change. Within hours of the surrender the head of the U-boat force, Admiral Karl Dönitz had equipment trains rolling to France’s Atlantic ports, hundreds of kilometres nearer convoy routes than previous German bases. What the U-boat crews called the “Happy Time” was about to begin. Until the spring of 1941 a series of U-boat commanders became celebrated as “aces”, sinking ship after ship with little loss on the German side. They used so-called “wolf-pack” tactics whereby the first boat to sight a convoy signalled U-boat headquarters, which then manoeuvred a group into attack positions. Then, at night, the U-boats would sail on the surface right in among the convoy’s ships – without radar it was almost impossible to spot a surfaced U-boat. The U-boats would torpedo perhaps several ships and escaped into the dark amid the resulting carnage. In this period the Germans also had the upper hand in the code-breaking struggle. Their messages remained secure, but many British ones giving away convoy routes and other movements. Things improved for the Allies in the spring of 1941. Britain began breaking the U-boat codes...» (Sommerville, 2008, p.50-51).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§794 Himmler shall make black pages of History (1942-1945): IX-53.

IX-53 (§794):

The young Nero into the three chimneys
Shall make black pages of History for throwing the alive to burn them,
Happy shall be he who shall have nothing to do with such acts,
Three of his blood shall have him waited for to be the death of him.

(Le Neron jeune dans les trois cheminees
Fera de paiges vifz pour ardoir getter,
Heureux qui loing sera de telz meneez,
Trois de son sang le feront mort guetter.)

NOTES: The young Nero: = « Himmler.» (Centurio, 1953, p.202); (Ionescu, 1976, p.503). Cf. « l’inhumain Neron (the inhuman Nero)» (§515, IX-76): a historical metaphor for la Terreur (the Terror), as « le tiers premier pys que ne feit Neron (the Third Estate in power worse than Nero does)» (§382, IX-17) for the revolutionary Government in the French Revolution, and « un fils Agrippe (a son of Agrippina = Nero)» (§374, VI-91) for the National Convention.

Chimneys: = « Concentration camps with crematories.»
(Ionescu, id.).

Paiges: = pages (pages); « PAGE. 6° Fig. Partie de la vie ou de l’histoire d’un individu, d’un groupe, d’une nation.
Une page glorieuse de l’histoire de France. (Part of the life or the history of an individual, of a group, of a nation. A glorious page of the history of France).» (Petit Robert). The interpretations of this term by Centurio as “living boys” and by Ionescu as “traps” are not pertinent semantically or textually.

Vifz: = The alive, living persons; « VIF, VIVE. adj. and noun.
2°. Noun. LE VIF: personne vivante (a living person).» (Petit Robert).

Ardoir: = « brûler, consumer (to burn, to consume).» (Godefroy).

Getter: = jeter (to throw); « geter, getter, getray, etc. Voir (See) jeter.»; « jeter: jeter, lancer (to throw, to dart).» (Daele).

Le Neron jeune dans les trois cheminees Fera de paiges vifz pour ardoir getter: The construction will be as follows : Le Neron jeune fera de paiges pour getter [&] ardoir vifz dans les trois cheminees (The young Nero shall make [black] pages [of History] for throwing and burning the alive in the three chimneys); « Himmler, the new Nero, made millions of people gassed and burnt » (Centurio, id.) « in the three concentration camps with crematories.» (Ionescu, id.); « By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt... The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns:

Then they would feel the gas and crowd together away from the menacing columns and finally stampede towards the huge metal door with its little window, where they piled up in one blue clammy blood-spattered pyramid, clawing and mauling at each other even in death... Then the journey by lift or rail-wagon to the furnaces, the mill that ground the clinker to fine ash, and the lorry that scattered the ashes in the stream of the Sola. (Quoted from Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1953).

In fact, to save money inadequate quantities of the expensive gas were often used, so the healthy victims were merely stunned and were then burned alive (Gilbert, Final Journey, 77-8).» (Johnson, 1991, p.415-416).

Three chimneys: = A certain number of concentration camps: « The final solution became fact from the spring of 1942. The first mass-gassings began at Belzec on 17 March 1942. This camp had the capacity to kill 15,000 a day. The next month came Sobibor (20,000 a day), Treblinka and Maidanek (25,000) and Auschwitz, which Hoess called ‘the greatest institution for human annihilation of all time’.» (Johnson, 1991, p.415).

Heinrich Himmler (1900-†23 May, 1945): « He was made commander of the unified German police forces in 1936, head of Reich Administration in 1939 and Minister of the Interior, 1943. His ruthless direction of the secret police (Gestapo) made him a sinister figure among the Nazi leaders, responsible for many atrocities. He was arrested in hiding by British troops on May 21st, 1945, and committed suicide two days later.» (Palmer, p.126); « ... the key document in the genocide programmes appears to be an order issued (on the Führer’s authority) by Goering on 31 July 1941 to Himmler’s deputy and
SD [Sicherheitsdienst, Security Service to watch Roehm’s SA] Chief, Reinhard Heydrich, whom Hitler called ‘the man with an iron heart’... Since June 1941, on Himmler’s instructions, Rudolf Hoess, commander of Camp ‘A’ at Auschwitz-Birkenau, had been experimenting. Shooting was too slow and messy. Carbon monoxide gas was found too slow also. Then in August 1941, using 500 Soviet POWs as guinea-pigs, Hoess conducted a mass-killing with Zyklon-B. This was made by a pest-control firm, Degesch, the vermin combatting corporation, a satellite of I.G.Farben. Discovering Zyklon-B, said Hoess, ‘set my mind at rest’. A huge SS order went out for the gas...» (Johnson, 1991, p.414).

Three of his blood shall have him waited for to be the death of him: « Himmler favoured above all the genuine maintenance of the blood, but three of his blood (Hitler, Goebbels and Admiral Dönitz) let him fall in the last days of the Nazi regime; he died, for he swallowed a capsule with cyanide.» (Centurio, id.); « In April 1945 Himmler tried to come into contact with the Allies for the negotiations of peace by the medium of Polke Bernadotte, a Swedish Count. When the news reached Hitler, he ordered his arrest. Then Himmler, taking a false identification, tried to escape, but was arrested by the Allies and brought to Lüneburg. He there committed suicide, in swallowing a phial of poison on 23 May, 1945.» (Encycl. Brit., quoted Ionescu, id.); « According to Centurio, the three persons who were waiting for the death of Himmler were Hitler – who had ordered his arrest - , Goebbels and Admiral Dönitz. The affirmation by the German writer seems to us justified because these two chiefs are those who remained faithful to the Führer, which determined the latter to nominate them in his testament, the first as Chancellor and the other as President.» (Ionescu, id.).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§793 The Rise and Fall of the Nazi in Germany (1932-1946): X-31.

X-31 (§793):

The holy empire shall come in Germany,
The Ismaelites shall find open places.
Asses shall want also Carmania,
The maintainers covered with soil all of them.

(Le saint empire viendra en Germanie,
Ismaelites trouveront lieux ouverts.
Anes vouldront aussi la Carmanie,
Les soustenens de terre tous couverts.)

NOTES: The holy empire shall come in Germany: « “The holy empire” is a historic metaphor which compares the Reich with the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation of the times of Charles the Great. This comparison is utterly correct, if we see that Hitler at the apogee of his power occupied almost the same territories as the ancient empire of 800s.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.503).

Ismaelites: « The word “Ismaelites” is used (by a metaplasm of r into m) for “Israelites”.» (Ionescu, id.).

The Ismaelites shall find open places: « The Jews shall find open places. This concerns the concentration camps, which waited them and were open to them.»
(Ionescu, id.).

Anes (Asses): = Les asiniers (the asinine) (§792, VI-17) = the Nazis.

Carmania: « In ancient times, Carmania was a region of the Persian Empire, near Persepolis, on the route of Alexander the Great. It is another historic metaphor, alluding to the fact that Hitler like Alexander penetrated too far toward the Orient [Asses shall want also Carmania].» (Ionescu, id., p.503-504).

Les soustenens (= les soutenants = the maintainers): This term specifies the defenders or partisans (souteneurs) of Hitler as his most reliable subordinates (his staff), its true meaning being « a person who maintains a thesis of doctorate.» (Petit Robert).

The maintainers covered with soil all of them: All the members of the Nazi, who were closest with Hitler in his regime, shall be dead soon or sentenced to death and executed:

Reinhard Heydrich (1904-†4 June, 1942): « ... the key document in the genocide programmes appears to be an order issued (on the Führer’s authority) by Goering on 31 July 1941 to Himmler’s deputy and
SD [Sicherheitsdienst, Security Service to watch Roehm’s SA] Chief, Reinhard Heydrich, whom Hitler called ‘the man with an iron heart’. This spoke of a total solution, Gesamtlösung, and a final solution, Endlösung, ‘to solve the Jewish problem’. Goering defined ‘final’ to Heydrich verbally, repeating Hitler’s own verbal orders: according to the evidence given at his trial in 1961 by Adolf Eichmann, whom Heydrich appointed his deputy, it meant ‘the planned biological destruction of the Jewish race in the Eastern territories’. The operative date for the programme was April 1942, to give time for preparation. The executive conference, which settled the details, was organized by Eichmann and chaired by Heydrich at Wannsee on 20 January 1942. By now much evidence had been accumulated about killing methods. Since June 1941, on Himmler’s instructions, Rudolf Hoess, commander of Camp ‘A’ at Auschwitz-Birkenau, had been experimenting. Shooting was too slow and messy. Carbon monoxide gas was found too slow also. Then in August 1941, using 500 Soviet POWs as guinea-pigs, Hoess conducted a mass-killing with Zyklon-B. This was made by a pest-control firm, Degesch, the vermin combatting corporation, a satellite of I.G.Farben. Discovering Zyklon-B, said Hoess, ‘set my mind at rest’. A huge SS order went out for the gas, with instructions to omit the ‘indicator’ component, which warned human beings of the danger. I.G.Farben’s dividends from Degesch doubled, 1942-4, at least one director knew of the use being made of the gas: the only protest from Degesch was that omitting the ‘indicator’ might endanger their patent...» (Johnson, 1991, p.414-415); « Hitler appointed Reinhard Heydrich to take over as protector of Bohemia and Moravia to crush the opposition. Heydrich immediately opted for a policy of terror to ensure that war production was no longer interrupted. He arrested the leading officials and had them sentenced to death. Altogether ninety-two people were shot in the first few days, and several thousand others were sent to Mauthausen concentration camp. Heydrich’s longer-term plan was to Germanize the territory through massive deportation. He also started the dispatch of the region’s 100,000 Jews to concentration camps, where almost all perished. In London, the Czech government-in-exile decided to assassinate Heydrich. Two young Czech volunteers were trained by SOE [Special Operations Executive] and parachuted into the country at the end of 1941. On 27 May 1942, after much reconnaissance, the two-man team took up position for a roadside ambush. One tried to shoot Heydrich as his open Mercedes slowed for a sharp bend, but his sub-machine gun jammed. His companion then threw an improvised bomb. Heydrich was wounded by the blast. Although his wounds were not fatal, they were contaminated and he died from septicaemia on 4 June [1942].» (Beevor, 2012, p.435).

Joseph Goebbels (1897-†1 May, 1945): « From 1933 to 1945 he was Minister of Enlightenment and Propaganda, his cynical understanding of mass psychology making him a formidable figure. In the last days of the war he committed suicide in Hitler’s bunker after killing his wife and children.» (Palmer, p.115); « Goebbels, the most socialist-minded of the leading Nazis, became Hitler’s closest adviser, and was allowed to radicalize the war effort, ordering total mobilization, the conscription of women, the shutting of theatres and other long-resisted measures. Hitler clung to the image of Frederick the Great, surviving hopeless encirclement. He and Goebbels read together Carlyle’s weird, multi-volume biography of the King, thus dealing a stunning blow to the already shaky reputation of the old Scotch sage.» (Johnson, 1991, p.412).

Heinrich Himmler (1900-†23 May, 1945): « He was made commander of the unified German police forces in 1936, head of Reich Administration in 1939 and Minister of the Interior, 1943. His ruthless direction of the secret police (Gestapo) made him a sinister figure among the Nazi leaders, responsible for many atrocities. He was arrested in hiding by British troops on May 21st, 1945, and committed suicide two days later.» (Palmer, p.126).

Hermann Göring (1893-†15 October, 1946): « ... an air ace of the First World War, gaining the highest military distinctions... In 1932 he became President (i.e. Speaker) of the Reichstag. Hitler appointed him Air Minister in 1933 and the Luftwaffe (German Air Force) was his creation. He was sometimes entrusted by Hitler with special diplomatic missions. The rank of Reichsmarshal was created for Göring after the victories of 1940. His personal vanity and ostentation, coupled in the later stages of the war by indolence and inefficiency, made him many enemies among the Nazi hierarchy but, when brought to trial at Nuremberg in 1946, he still showed some character, and, in the end, cheated the gallows by committing suicide a few hours before he was due to be executed.» (Palmer, p.115-116).

Joachim von Ribbentrop, Minister of the Foreign Affairs (1893-†), 6° Alfred Rosenberg, Minister for the Eastern Territories (1893-†), 7° Wilhelm Keitel, Chief of the General Headquarters (1882-†), 8° Alfred Jodle, Chief of the General Staff (1890-†), 9° Wilhelm Frick, Governor of Bohemia and Moravia (1877-†), 10° Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Governor of Netherlands (1892-†), 11° Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Head of the
RSHA (Reich Security Head Administration) after Heydrich’s death (1903-†), 12° Hans Frank, Governor of Poland (1900-†), 13° Fritz Sauckel, General Supervisor of Labour Deployment (1894-†) and 14° Julius Streicher, Governor of Franconia (1885-†) were sentenced to death in Nuremberg on 1 and hanged on 16 October, 1946.

15° Martin Bormann, Secretary of the Nazi Party (1900-†1 May, 1945?): « Although Goebbels still refused to consider unconditional surrender, Martin Bormann and Mohnke (who commanded the defence of the government district] had already smuggled civilian clothes into the Reichschancellery ready to make a breakout that night [1 May, 1945]. They expected the troops holding back the Soviet forces round the government district to fight on while they escaped. In the evening, those who wanted to get away from the Reichschancellery waited impatiently for Magda Goebbels to kill her six children with poison, and then commit suicide with her husband. At 21.30 hours, the Hamburg radio station Deutschlandsender played funeral music before Dönitz addressed the nation to announce Hitler’s death, fighting ‘at the head of his troops’. Once their children were dead, Joseph and Magda Goebbels finally went up to the Reichschancellery garden. She clutched Hitler’s own Nazi Party gold badge, which he had presented to her. Husband and wife crunched on cyanide capsules at the same time. One of the propaganda minister’s aids then fired a bullet into each of them to make certain they were dead, sprinkled petrol on their bodies and set them on fire. The delay meant that the escapers did not leave until eleven that night, two hours later than planned. In two groups, they followed different routes to cross the Spree on their journey north. Troops from the Nordland with the Tiger tank and other armoured vehicles tried to smash a way through in a charge across the Weidendammer Bridge. The Red Army, which had expected a breakout and therefore reinforced the sector, killed most of them in the chaotic night battle. Several managed to get through in the confusion, including Bormann and Arthur Axmann, the Hitler Youth leader. Bormann, who became separated, appeared to have blundered into a group of Soviet soldiers and to have taken poison.» (Beevor, 2012, p.754-755).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§792 Nazi holocaust of the Jews (1935-45): VI-17.

VI-17 (§792):

The asinine shall be constrained to change their diverse clothes,
Into uniform, thereafter the limes lighted:
The Saturnians burnt by the millers,
Indeed the greatest part who shall not be under cover.

(Apres les limes bruslez les asiniers,
Constrainctz seront changer habitz divers:
Les Saturnins bruslez par les meusniers,
Hors la pluspart qui ne sera couvers.)

NOTES: Lime (in English): = (in French) « Chaux.» (Dubois).

Les limes bruslez: = the limelights (lumière oxhydrique).

Les asiniers: = The asinine; « In order to name the Nazis, Nostradamus uses two terms: “asiniers (the asinine)” and “meuniers (millers)”. The word “asinier” has as its root “asin” (from the Latin asinus, an ass), an animal about which they say that it is obstinate and shallow, and which works only when conducted by the master. Nostradamus alludes to the qualities and the defaults that have made possible the enregimentation of a whole generation into a docile mass, perfectly organised for the proposed object. But the word “asin” is chosen also because it permits the following anagram: ASIN = NASI, Nasi and Nazi being phonetically equivalent in French.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.502). Cf. Anes (Asses) = Nazis (§793, X-31).

Changer habitz divers: = Changer [d’] habitz divers [en uniforme] (to change their diverse clothes [into uniform]); This is also « the enregimentation, for, in reality, in the times of the Nazism, each was obliged to wear different uniforms according to the organization to which he belonged.» (Ionescu, id.).

Les limes bruslez: = the limes lighted = the limelights, expressing the notorious festive meetings on a large scale of the Nazis. Therefore, this comes by nature after uniforming people.

Apres les limes bruslez les asiniers, Constrainctz seront changer habitz divers: The construction shall be as follows: Les asiniers seront constrainctz [à] changer [d’] habitz divers [en uniforme], Apres[,] les limes [seront] bruslez (The asinine shall be constrained to change their diverse clothes [into uniform], thereafter the limes [shall be] lighted).

The Saturnians: « The term “Saturnins (Saturnians)” was currently used in the literature of the
XVIth century, to designate the Jews. They were called Saturnians because they celebrated Saturday, the day of Saturn.» (Ionescu, id., p.503).

Les meusniers: = the millers; « The word “meusniers (millers)” is the French correspondent to “Müller”, which is a word so common in Germany that it is used in the pejorative sense of one of the mass.» (Ionescu, id., p.502); This also refers to “the mill that ground the clinker [of the burnt in the furnace] to fine ash” (See below). Moreover, this term alludes to the two
SS Generals of the same name: Heinrich Müller: « The CIA file on Heinrich Mueller, chief of Hitler's Gestapo and a major Nazi war criminal, sheds important new light on U.S. and international efforts to find Mueller after his disappearance in May 1945. Though inconclusive on Mueller's ultimate fate, the file is very clear on one point. The Central Intelligence Agency and its predecessors did not know Mueller's whereabouts at any point after the war. In other words, the CIA was never in contact with Gestapo Mueller. To assist other scholars, the press, and the general public in making sense of this new information about the CIA's investigation of this controversial war criminal, the authors have drawn on other documents at the National Archives for this report... As Gestapo chief, Mueller oversaw the implementation of Hitler's policies against Jews and other groups deemed a threat to the state. The notorious Adolf Eichmann, who headed the Gestapo's Office of Resettlement and then its Office of Jewish Affairs, was Mueller's immediate subordinate. Once World War II began, Mueller and Eichmann planned key components in the deportation and then extermination of Europe's Jews... Ultimately the Allies would find many Heinrich Muellers in occupied Germany and Austria, but not the right one. Heinrich Mueller is a very common German name. By the end of 1945, American and British occupation forces had gathered information on numerous Heinrich Muellers, all of whom had different birth dates, physical characteristics and job histories. Documentation on some of them is included - one might say mistakenly jumbled together - in the "Gestapo" Mueller Army IRR file, which the National Archives released in 2000. Part of the problem for U.S. record-keepers stemmed from the fact that some of these Muellers, including Gestapo Mueller, did not appear to have middle names. An additional source of confusion was that there were two different SS-Generals named Heinrich Mueller. In at least one instance, an index card purporting to collate information on Gestapo Mueller, which was prepared by an American official after the war, actually contains two different birth dates, as well as data about a third man of the same name. A Heinrich Mueller was held briefly at the Altenstadt civilian internment camp in 1945. Another killed himself along with his wife and his children in April 1946... More information about Mueller's fate might still emerge from still secret files of the former Soviet Union. The CIA file, by itself, does not permit definitive conclusions. Taking into account the currently available records of the War Room as well as other documents in the National Archives, the authors of this report conclude that Mueller most likely died in Berlin in early May 1945.» (Naftali, T. et al., 2016); « For the purposes of general supervision and repression the Gestapo modelled itself closely on the Soviet Secret Police. Himmler had at his command an extremely able police-officer, Heinrich Mueller, who became known as Gestapo Mueller, a close and devoted student of Soviet methods. Mueller was impressed by the efficiency of the internal spy system which had been perfected by the Soviet Government, the effect of which, ideally, was to isolate the individual by making it impossible for anybody to trust anybody else. He set to work to reproduce this system in Germany by more economical means. He built up a cell system which enrolled quantities of ordinary citizens as honorary part-time members of the Gestapo.Thus there was the Blockwart, the concierge, who had to report on the activities of every tenant in his apartment block. Every Air-Raid Warden was also a corresponding member of the Gestapo. Every labour group had a Gestapo representative. And, on top of this, voluntary informers were encouraged by every possible means. As the Russians had discovered, there is nothing like the voluntary informer for creating a general atmosphere of unease and apprehension: he operates by personal spite, or by the desire to ingratiate himself with the authorities; he costs nothing; his information is usually valueless in any specific sense; but since every human being at some time commits some indiscretion, he enables the secret police to swoop where it is least expected (and often least needed) and give the desired impression of possessing an all-seeing eye... » (Crankshaw, 1966, p.66-67).

Hors
: = tout hors = Indeed, really; « hors, adv., à l’extérieur (outdoors); tout hors, totalement (totally), entièrement (entirely); prép. en dehors de (prep. outside of).» (Godefroy).

The Saturnians burnt by the millers, Indeed the greatest part who shall not be under cover: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with... Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race... It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered [The Saturnians burnt... indeed the greatest part], most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps [they were burnt after having been gassed].» (Lowe, 1988, p.143). As to the rare adverb “hors (totally)”, Ionescu took it as a preposition with the meaning of “except”, so he entirely misunderstood the last line in explaining that « Most of the Jews shall make their escape in abandoning their fortune and fleeing quite naked.» (Ionescu, id., p.503).

The Saturnians burnt... indeed the greatest part...: « The final solution became fact from the spring of 1942. The first mass-gassings began at Belzec on 17 March 1942. This camp had the capacity to kill 15,000 a day. The next month came Sobibor (20,000 a day), Treblinka and Maidanek (25,000) and Auschwitz, which Hoess called ‘the greatest institution for human annihilation of all time’. The documentation on the genocide is enormous. The figures almost defy belief. By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000 [indeed the greatest part]. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt. The gas chambers, described as ‘corpse cellars’, were designed by German Armaments Incorporated, to a specification requiring ‘gas-proof doors with rubber surround and observation post of double 8-millimetre glass (Martin Gilbert, Final Journey: the Fate of the Jews in Nazi Europe, London, 1979, 69-70). The ground over the gassing-cellars was a well-kept lawn, broken by concrete mushrooms, covering shafts through which the ‘sanitary orderlies’ pushed the amethyst-blue crystals of Zyklon-B. The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns:

Then they would feel the gas and crowd together away from the menacing columns and finally stampede towards the huge metal door with its little window, where they piled up in one blue clammy blood-spattered pyramid, clawing and mauling at each other even in death. Twenty-five minutes later the ‘exhauster’ electric pumps removed the gas-laden air, the great metal door slid open, and the men of the Jewish Sonderkommando entered, wearing gas-masks and gumboots and carrying hoses, for their first task was to remove the blood and defecations before dragging the clawing dead apart with nooses and hooks, the prelude to the ghastly search for gold and the removal of the teeth and hair which were regarded by the Germans as strategic materials. Then the journey by lift or rail-wagon to the furnaces, the mill [burnt by the millers] that ground the clinker to fine ash, and the lorry that scattered the ashes in the stream of the Sola. (Quoted from Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1953).

In fact, to save money inadequate quantities of the expensive gas were often used, so the healthy victims were merely stunned and were then burned alive (Gilbert, Final Journey, 77-8).» (Johnson, 1991, p.415-416).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§791 Religious persecution in the French Revolution and by the Nazi regime (1789-95; 1935-45): IX-72.

IX-72 (§791):

Again shall be polluted the sacred temples,
And pillaged by a senate of the Rotunda,
Saturn two three cycles revolved,
In April, May, peoples of a new leaven.

(Encor seront les saintz temples pollus,
Et expillez par senat Tholossain,
Saturne deux trois cicles revollus,
Dans Avril, May, gens de nouveau levain.)

NOTES: Encor: = Encore (Again); « encor, encore, -ores; encoire, v. ancore.» (Daele); « ancore, ancor, encore, encor, encores.» (Daele).

Pollu: = « polu, adj., souillé, sale (sullied, dirty).»
(Godefroy).

Expiller: From the Latin « ex-pīlō, to pillage, rob, plunder thoroughly.» (Smith-Lockwood).

This quatrain seems to concern the two similar cases of the conspicuous religious persecution in modern history: those by the Republicans in the French Revolution (1789-1995) and by the Nazi Government (1935-1945) before and in the World War II, these two hard times containing respectively the two periods of Saturn’s sojourn in Taurus with a lapse of its five revolutions (1793.3.12-1795.4.30 and 1940.3.20-1942.5.8) as described below.

Senat Tholossain (a senate of the Rotunda): = A central government with dictatorship in imitation of the Thirty (the Thirty Tyrants) seated in the Rotunda (θόλος [tholos] in Greek; cf. Plato, Apol., 32c5, d5; In the democratic times the Rotunda (Tholos) was where the Prytanes [Athenian Magistrates by turns] administered the affairs of state [cf. Xenophon, 1980, p.237, tr.'s note25]) in ancient Athens under the Spartan hegemony (404
B.C. – 403 B.C.); « ... the total destruction of their fleet at Aegospontami off Ionia in 405 B.C. left Athens defenceless. The Spartans blockaded the city, and, despite a determined resistance, the Athenians were forced to surrender. Athens was deprived of its fleet and in 404 B.C. a pro-Spartan Council of Thirty was installed to govern it.» (DKHistory, p.53); « The names which it comprised, some of which soon became infamously notorious were: Polyarches, Critias, Melobius, Hippolochus, Euclidas, Hiero, Mnesilochus, Chremo, Theramenes, Aresias, Diocles, Phædrias, Chærilaus, Anætius, Piso, Sophocles (not the poet, who was now dead), Eratosthenes, Charicles, Onomacles, Theognis, Æschines, Theogenes, Cleomedes, Erasistratus, Phido, Dracontides, Eumathes, Aristoteles, Hippomachus, Mnesithides. Besides these a board of Ten was appointed to govern Piræus. The party which had usurped the supreme authority at Athens, had been unfolding the real character of its domination. The first care of the Thirty was to provide themselves with instruments suited to their purposes; they filled all important posts with their creatures. The ephoralty seems to have merged in their own office. According to the new regulation the Thirty presided in person over trials held by the council: two tables were placed in front of the benches which they occupied, to receive the balls, or tokens, by which the councillors declared their verdict, and which instead of being dropped secretly into a box, were now to be openly deposited on the board, so that the Thirty might see which way every man voted. These however were not the only cases which they brought before the council, even in the early part of their reign. The persons who before the surrender of the city had been arrested on information, partly procured by bribery, and partly extorted by fear, or by the rack, charging them with a conspiracy against the state, but who had really been guilty of no offence but that of expressing their attachment to the constitution which was now abolished, were soon after brought to a mock trial, and judicially murdered. Even such executions might be considered as among the temporary evils incident to every political revolution: and there were some of the Thirty who did not wish to multiply them more than was necessary to their safety. But the greater number, and above all Critias, did not mean to stop here: and perhaps some signs of discontent soon became visible, which gave them a pretext for insisting on the need of stronger measures, and of additional safeguards. Two of their number, Æschines and Aristoteles, were deputed by common consent to Sparta, to obtain a body of troops to garrison the citadel. The ground alleged was that there were turbulent men whom it was necessary to remove before their government could be settled on a firm basis; and they undertook to maintain the garrison as long as its presence should be required. Lysander exerted his influence in their behalf, and induced the ephors to send the force which they desired, under the command of Callibius, who was invested with the authority of harmost. His arrival released Critias and his colleagues from all the restraints hitherto imposed on them by their fears of their fellow citizens. They courted him with an obsequiousness proportioned to the wantonness of the tyranny which they hoped to exercise with his sanction and aid. The footing on which they stood with him is well illustrated by a single fact. An Athenian named Autolycus, of good family and condition, who in his youth had distinguished himself by a gymnastic victory, had in some way or other offended Callibius, who, according to the Spartan usage, raised his truncheon to strike him. But Autolycus, not yet inured to such discipline, prevented the blow by bringing him to the ground. Lysander, it is said, when Callibius complained of this affront, observed that he did not know how to govern freemen. He however understood the men with whom he had principally to deal; for the Thirty soon after gratified him by putting Autolycus to death. In return for such deference he placed his troops at their disposal, to lead whom they would to prison: and now the catalogue of political offences was on a sudden terribly enlarged. The persons who were now singled out for destruction, were no longer such only as had made themselves odious by their crimes, or had distinguished themselves on former occasions by their opposition to the ruling party, but men of unblemished character, without any strong political bias, who had gained the confidence of the people by their merits or services, and might be suspected of preferring a popular government to the oligarchy under which they were living... The case of Leon is particularly remarkable for the light it throws on the policy of the oligarchs. After the arrival of the Lacedæmonian garrison they had begun to dispense with the assistance of the council; and Leon was put to death without any form of trial. But they did not think it expedient always to employ the foreign troops on their murderous errands; they often used Athenians as their ministers on such occasions, and men who did not belong to their party, for the purpose of implicating them in the guilt and odium of their proceedings. When they had resolved on the destruction of Leon, they sent for Socrates and four other persons, and ordered them to go and fetch him from Salamis. As his innocence was no less notorious than the fate which awaited him, Socrates, on leaving the presence of the Thirty, instead of obeying their commands, returned home. The rest executed their commission. These atrocities soon began to spread general alarm; for no one could perceive any principle or maxim by which they were to be limited for the future; there was on the contrary reason to apprehend that they would be continually multiplied and aggravated. Critias contended that they were now in a position which they could only maintain by force and terror; and that every man who had the means of thwarting their plans, and who was not devoted to their interest, must be treated as an enemy. They made out a list of three thousand citizens, who were to enjoy a kind of franchise which perhaps was never exactly defined; but one of its most important privileges was, that none of them should be put to death without a trial before the council. All other Athenians were outlawed, and left to the mercy of the Thirty, who might deal as they thought fit with their lives and property. Under pretext of a review all the citizens were deprived of their arms, except the knights, and the Three Thousand, who were thus enabled to cope with the rest. The Thirty now believed themselves completely secure, and grew more and more reckless in the indulgence of their rapacity and cruelty. In the low state to which the Athenian finances were reduced, the maintenance of the garrison was a burden which they found it difficult to support; and, among other extraordinary means of raising supplies, it appears that they resorted to the spoliation of the temples. But this was an expedient which probably required some caution and secrecy, and which could not be carried beyond certain limits. One which perhaps appeared both safer and more productive was suggested by Piso and Theognis, two of their number, who observed that several of the resident aliens were known to be ill-affected to the oligarchy, and thus afforded a pretext for plundering the whole class. The proposition was adopted; and Theramenes was invited to single out his prey with the rest: but he refused to stain his hands with this innocent blood. It was however resolved to begin by taking ten lives; and, for the sake of covering the real motive, two of the victims were to be poor men, who would therefore be supposed to have suffered for some political offence. They emulated the ancient tyrants, who had often removed the lowest class of the commonalty, for whom it was difficult to find employment, from the capital into the country, and prohibited all Athenians who were not on the list of the Three Thousand from entering the city. But by the oligarchs this step seems not to have been adopted so much with a view to their safety, as to increase the facility of rapine and murder. They continued to send out their emissaries to seize the persons and confiscate the property of the citizens, who were now scattered by their decree over Attica. The greater part of the outcasts took refuge in Piræus; but when it was found that neither the populous town, nor their rural retreats, could shelter them from the inquisition of their oppressors, numbers began to seek an asylum in foreign cities; and Argos, Megara, and Thebes, were soon crowded with Athenian exiles... » (HH, IV, p.2-9).
« Thrasybulus, like Alcibiades, had been formally banished by the Thirty; though it is not certain that he was at Athens when their government was established. He was however at Thebes when their furious tyranny began to drive the citizens by hundreds into exile; and the temper now prevailing at Thebes encouraged him to undertake the deliverance of his country. Having obtained a small supply of arms and money from his Theban friends, he crossed the border with a band of about seventy refugees, and seized the fortress of Phyle, which stood on an eminence projecting from the side of Mount Parnes, with which it was connected by a narrow ridge with precipitous sides, twelve or thirteen miles from Athens... those most impious Thirty, who, for the sake of their own gain, have killed almost more of the Athenians in eight months than all the Peloponnesians in ten years’ warfare... The period intervening between the defeat of Ægospotami (October, 405 B.C.), and the re-establishment of the democracy as sanctioned by the convention concluded with Pausanias (some time in the summer of 403 B.C), presents two years of cruel and multifarious suffering to Athens. After such years of misery, it was an unspeakable relief to the Athenian population to regain possession of Athens and Attica; to exchange their domestic tyrants for a renovated democratical government; and to see their foreign enemies not merely evacuate the country, but even bind themselves by treaty to future friendly dealing.» (HH, IV, p.10-16).

Socrates in and out of the Rotunda: « Someone may wonder why I go about in private, giving advice and busying myself with the concerns of others, but do not venture to come forward in public and advise the state. I will tell you the reason of this. You have often heard me speak of an oracle or sign which comes to me, and is the divinity which Meletus ridicules in the indictment. This sign I have had ever since I was a child. The sign is a voice which comes to me and always forbids me to do something which I am going to do, but never commands me to do anything, and this is what stands in the way of my being a politician. And rightly, as I think. For I am certain, O men of Athens, that if I had engaged in politics, I should have perished long ago and done no good either to you or to myself. And don't be offended at my telling you the truth: for the truth is that no man who goes to war with you or any other multitude, honestly struggling against the commission of unrighteousness and wrong in the state, will save his life; he who will really fight for the right, if he would live even for a little while, must have a private station and not a public one. I can give you as proofs of this, not words only, but deeds, which you value more than words. Let me tell you a passage of my own life, which will prove to you that I should never have yielded to injustice from any fear of death, and that if I had not yielded I should have died at once. I will tell you a story - tasteless, perhaps, and commonplace, but nevertheless true. The only office of state which I ever held, O men of Athens, was that of senator; the tribe Antiochis, which is my tribe, had the presidency at the trial of the generals who had not taken up the bodies of the slain after the battle of Arginusae; and you proposed to try them all together, which was illegal, as you all thought afterwards; but at the time I was the only one of the Prytanes who was opposed to the illegality, and I gave my vote against you; and when the orators threatened to impeach and arrest me, and have me taken away, and you called and shouted, I made up my mind that I would run the risk, having law and justice with me, rather than take part in your injustice because I feared imprisonment and death. This happened in the days of the democracy. But when the oligarchy of the Thirty was in power, they sent for me and four others into the rotunda, and bade us bring Leon the Salaminian from Salamis, as they wanted to execute him. This was a specimen of the sort of commands which they were always giving with the view of implicating as many as possible in their crimes; and then I showed, not in words only, but in deed, that, if I may be allowed to use such an expression, I cared not a straw for death, and that my only fear was the fear of doing an unrighteous or unholy thing. For the strong arm of that oppressive power did not frighten me into doing wrong; and when we came out of the rotunda the other four went to Salamis and fetched Leon, but I went quietly home. For which I might have lost my life, had not the power of the Thirty shortly afterwards come to an end. And to this many will witness.» (Plato, Ap., 31c4-32e1, tr. by Jowett, B.).

Saturn two three cycles revolved, In April, May: Saturn having revolved 2+3=5 times in the sign where the Sun is in Avril and May, namely in Taurus (cf.Ionescu, 1976, p.262) during the period of 1555-2000 [Paris, LMT] as follows:
1557.4.23-1559.6.8,
1586.6.20-1588.8.25,
1616.4.21-1618.6.6,
1646.2.22-1648.4.12,
1675.4.9-1677.5.25,
1705.1.29-1707.3.29,
1734.3.28-1736.5.13,
1763.5.6-1765.6.23,
1793.3.12-1795.4.30,
1822.4.22-1824.6.8,
1851.6.3-1853.7.29,
1881.4.5-1883.5.25,
1911.1.20-1913.3.26,
1940.3.20-1942.5.8,
1969.4.29-1971.6.18,
1998.6.9-2000.8.10.

Of these cases, that of 1793.3.12-1795.4.30 concerns the French Revolution and that of 1940.3.20-1942.5.8 relates to the Nazi regime, and the lapse of the time between them is equal to the 5 cycles of Saturn in Taurus. Therefore, the initial word “Again (encor = encore)” designates the theme of this quatrain as mainly pertaining to the Nazi regime, whereby the seemingly ingenious interpretation by Ionescu (id., p.262-265) who concentrates solely upon the French Revolution is literally half-done.

The sacred temples shall be polluted and pillaged by a senate of the Rotunda: « 1789 Nov: 2nd, nationalisation of property of church in France.» (Williams, 1968, p.54); « THE PROPERTY OF THE CLERGY ABSORBED Twenty months now elapsed of comparative tranquillity. There is no striking event; much intrigue, indeed, fiery debating, the training, dividing, and forming of parties. The revolutionary monster slumbered, stirring at times, and showing life by starts, but not awakening fully. La Fayette possessed most power out of the assembly; and he exercised it with a firmness, a disinterestedness, and courage that did him immortal honour. His first act was to drive the duke of Orleans to exile. It is not well known whether his departure was procured by menace or inducement. His absence had certainly the effect of allowing agitation to subside. On October 10th [1789], the assembly renewed the discussion concerning the goods of the clergy. The abolition of tithes had concluded the first part of this discussion. It remained to come to some decision regarding the livings. It was a noble who proposed that church goods should belong to the nation, it was a bishop who took up the motion – the bishop of Autun, Talleyrand de Périgord, a young prelate of good family, very witty, a Voltairian of rather loose morals, and one who joined the revolutionists merely through ambition and a desire to join in anything. His political role, like that of La Fayette, was not to finish for more than forty years after '89, but this was the only connection there existed between the two roles. The high morality of La Fayette never changed. With Talleyrand it was quite the contrary. He began by serving the Revolution well. He presented the assembly with a plan by which the nation could put its hand on the whole of the church property and gain a revenue of one hundred millions. These properties could be sold to pay up a great many judicial salaries owing and to make up deficits. Mirabeau and the other deputies, though accepting the principles, modified the proposition of Talleyrand. The greater part of the bishops made determined resistance. On Mirabeau's proposition, the assembly declared November 2nd, by a majority of 568 against 346, that all church goods should be at the national disposal, but that the nation was to provide for expenses of public worship, salaries for ministers, and the relief of the poor [The state was anthorised to sell church property to the amount of 400,000,000 livres. The purchasers were the lower middle classes in the country, who thus became attached to the Revolution.]. So ended the Clergy Act. The clergy were no longer an order in the state, they were only a class of citizens charged with looking after public worship. After two days of stormy discussion it was decreed, February 13th, 1790, that the law no longer recognised monastic vows, that the orders and congregations of both sexes should be suppressed in France. The assembly, in striking at institutions, took every care of individuals, and showed neither violence nor harshness. It also made a considerable exception to its decree. It did not touch, provisionally, orders or congregations charged with public education or the care of the sick. Those powerful monastic institutions, which had played so considerable a role in France and Europe since the commencement of the Middle Ages, were not utterly to disappear. Uprooted in tlie eighteenth century, they took root again in the nineteenth. The struggle between the modern spirit and that of the past was not ended by a single victory.» (HH, XII, p.223-225 )

« THE POLICY OF EXTERMINATION The advance of the allies against Paris, and the ridiculous threats of the émigrés, which were strengthened by the signature and authority of the duke of Brunswick, gave great weight to the principle advocated by Danton and Marat, who maintained that there was no other means of rescuing the cause of freedom and the national honour than by a war of extermination carried on by the poor against the rich, and the uneducated against the educated classes. From the 10th of August [1792] the doctrine was universally preached that everything old must be thoroughly extirpated, and the religion and morality of former times put in abeyance till a new order of things was founded; and both Robespierre and Danton acted on this principle to its fullest extent. Horrible as it may seem, it is yet perfectly true that Danton, as minister of justice, employed the administration of the sacred duty with which he was intrusted for the protection of his fellow-citizens, for their murder, and the funds of the state for the payment and reward of the murderers. The national assembly made preparations for another St. Bartholomew's day in the beginning of September... The tribunal of the 10th of August was a prelude to those of the Revolution, and the mere mention of some decrees which were issued by the legislative assembly at the end of August will show the manner in which, and the reason why the legislative assembly was used in order to seize upon individuals, who were afterwards murdered without trial or sentence in the September massacres. First, by the resolution of the 26th of August, the clergy were devoted to death, and on the 28th and 29th care was afterwards taken that no one who was disaffected to the reigning system should escape the eyes of the demagogues. It was decreed that domiciliary visits should be made throughout the whole kingdom, in order to drag to light the persons suspected by the clubs; next, nightly searches were ordered to be made through all the houses of Paris, and everyone was threatened with death who should offer the least obstruction to the agents of the provisional government in tracing out and discovering their enemies. The commune completed this general law by a municipal order. It resolved that every house should be lighted in the evening, and no one be allowed to drive in the streets after ten o'clock. The most dreadful of all these regulations, however, and one whose scope and object was not made obvious till the September days, was that by virtue of which all needy but able-bodied men were put in requisition, because the commune might require their services (for the September massacre), and to whom therefore a daily allowance in money was given as a retaining fee. As the day appointed for the massacre approached, a feeling of universal dread was diffused by the preparations made for the event. The barriers on all the approaches to the city were closed; patrols were constantly on foot around the whole circuit of Paris, and all suspected persons who had an appearance of seeking safety by flight were detained and arrested. What is most horrible is that Danton, as minister of justice, had devised and arranged the whole affair, with that cold-blooded and diplomatic political wisdom which he had learned from Talleyrand and Mirabeau. As it was quite impossible even for the tribunal of the 10th of August to condemn whole masses of human beings, he adopted the very original idea of collecting together a number of people from the wine-houses, who in this night of slaughter and death were to assume the office of judges, and in the midst of intoxication and clamour to condemn or apparently acquit those devoted to destruction.» (HH, XII, p. 269-270)

« THE SEPTEMBER MASSACRES The 2nd of September was a Sunday. A rumour was prematurely spread that Verdun had surrendered (it surrendered later that day). The excitement was intense; the streets were crowded, people sought places of safety, and cries of " death to traitors ! " were heard on all sides. The assembly, seized with the universal frenzy, decreed that all who should refuse to serve, either in person or by contributing arms, should be punished with death. " This is not the time for talking," says Vergniaud, " we must dig the enemy's grave, else every step he advances he digs ours." "Everything upheaves, everything totters," shouts Danton, " let one part of the people so to the frontiers, another dig trenches, and the third defend the heart of the town with pikes. The tocsin which rings is no alarm signal, it sounds the charge upon the enemies of the nation. To defeat them, gentlemen, it needs boldness, still more boldness, always boldness, and France is saved." In answer to these startling phrases the commune had the following placard posted everywhere: " To arms, citizens, to arms ! the enemy is at our gates. The council of the commune has decreed that the gates be shut, that all citizens betake themselves to the Champ-de-Mars to form an army that shall hold itself in readiness to march upon the enemy; all suspected persons will be arrested," etc. At the same time alarm guns were fired, the muster was beaten and the tocsin rung; the whole town was afoot — sections, commune, and assembly. The assembly now sent twelve deputies to work at the Montmartre camp; the commune distributed its members throughout the sections to stir up the popular fury; the sections were full of excitement, and three amongst them doomed all prisoners to death in a body. Then a rumour was whispered abroad that the royalists were advancing on the prisons and going to deliver the town up to the Prussians — an absurd fiction, blindly swallowed by the populace. " To the prisons ! " — this cry resounded with unanimous and fearful spontaneity in the streets, public places, and wherever there were gatherings of the people; and even in the national assembly itself. “ Let not a single enemy remain behind, living, to rejoice in our defeats and to strike at our women and children." At this moment 24 priests were led by federals from the Hôtel-de-Ville to the Abbaye, amidst the hootings of the furious mob; four were killed on the way, and all the others — with the exception of Abbé Sicard, the founder of the deaf and dumb institute — had their throats cut in the courtyard by an armed party under the command of Maillard. The assassins then directed their ruthless steps to the Carmelites and to St. Firmin, where 244 priests were shot or cut down with swords, in the garden and in the church; only 49 succeeded in escaping. Then a return was made to the Abbaye, where 38 Swiss and 26 of the king's guard were massacred. A species of tribunal now was formed under Maillard, the prison register consulted, and after a summary interrogation, the prisoners were either killed or liberated. Seventy-seven prisoners were led out, 45 were restored to liberty " by the judgment of the people " (that is the expression of the prison register, preserved to this day); 32 were condemned to death by judgment of tne people, and executed on the spot. In addition 27 priests were slaughtered; they were asked simply to swear to an oath, which they refused to do. The condemned were hustled out of the court into the yard, where they were hacked to pieces amidst the infuriated cries of a multitude of spectators, with swords and pikes. The acquitted were embraced by the blood-stained executioners to the accompaniment of cries of " Long live the nation ! " and then conducted to their homes. A member of the commune, Billaud-Varennes, walked on the corpses, and shouted to the murderers: " You are saving the country, my brave citizens; go on with your work ! " and he had wine distributed amongst them and promised each one 25 livres for his "work."» (HH, XII, p. 270-271)

Again shall be polluted the sacred temples, And pillaged by a senate of the Rotunda: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with. There were only just over half a million Jews in Germany, a tiny proportion of the population, but Hitler decided to use them as scapegoats for everything – the humiliation at Versailles, the depression, unemployment and communism – and claimed that there was a world Jewish plot. Lots of Germans were in such a desperate situation that they were prepared to accept the propaganda about the Jews and were not sorry to see thousands of them removed from their jobs as lawyers, doctors, teachers and journalists. The campaign was given legal status by the Nuremberg Laws (1935), which deprived Jews of their German citizenship, forbade them to marry non-Jews (to preserve the purity of the Aryan race) and ruled that even a person with only one Jewish grandparent must be classed as a Jew. Later the policy became more extreme. Jews were harassed in every possible way; their property was attacked and burnt, shops looted, synagogues destroyed, and they themselves herded into concentration camps. Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race. As the Germans occupied countries such as Czechoslovakia, Poland and western Russia, he was able to lay his hands on non-German Jews as well. It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered, most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps.» (Lowe, 1988, p.143).

Peoples of a new leaven: = The rationalistic Atheists of the National Convention and the thoroughgoing Racists of the Nazi; « THE WORSHIP OF REASON Of the three institutions which the Revolution desired to modify or destroy — the throne, the nobility, and the religion of the state — there remained standing only the religion of the state, because, taking refuge in conscience, and amalgamating itself with the very idea, it was impossible for its persecutors to follow it so far. The civil constitution of the clergy; the oath imposed upon the priests; that oath declared schism by the court of Rome; the retractations which the mass of the priests had made of this oath to remain attached to the Catholic centre; the expulsion of these refractory priests from their presbyteries and their churches; the installation of a national and republican clergy in the place of these faithful ministers to Rome; the persecution against these rebel ecclesiastics to the law, for remaining obedient to the faith, their imprisonment, their proscription, en mass, on board the vessels of the republic at Rochefort — all these quarrels, all this violence, all these exiles, all these executions, and all these martyrdoms of Catholic priests, had swept away in appearance the ancient worship from the face of the republic. The constitutional worship - a palpable inconsequence of sworn priests, who exercised a pretended Catholicism in spite of the spiritual chief of Catholicism, was nothing more than a sacred toy which the convention had left to the country people in order not to destroy their customs too suddenly. But the impatient philosophers of the convention, of the Jacobins, and of the commune, felt indignant at this resemblance to religion, which survived, in the eyes of the people, religion itself. The greater number openly proclaimed atheism as the only doctrine worthy of intrepid spirits in the material logic of the period. The leaders of the commune, and above all Chaumette and Hebert, encouraged in the people these seditions against all worship. They demanded brilliant apostacies from the priests, and often obtained them. Some ecclesiastics, many under the empire of fear, others from real incredulity, ascended the chair to declare that they had been until then impostors. Acclamations awaited these renegades from the altar. The once sacred ceremonies were derisively parodied. They dressed an ox or an ass in pontifical ornaments; they paraded these through the streets; they drank wine from the chalice, and shut the church. They wrote upon the gate of the place of the sepulchre, sommeil éternel (eternal rest). In a few months the immense matériel of Catliolic worship — cathedrals, churches, monasteries, presbyteries, towers, belfries, ministers, and ceremonies — had disappeared. They desired to possess themselves of the temples, to offer them a new worship, a kind of renewed paganism, whose dogmas were but images, whose adoration was but a ceremonial, and whose divinity supreme was but Reason become in its own person its own God, and adoring itself in its attributes. The laws of the convention, which continued to salary the national Catholic worship, opposed themselves to this violent invasion of this philosophical religion of Chaumette in the cathedral and in the churches of Paris. It was incumbent to cause these ancient buildings to be evacuated by a voluntary renunciation of the constitutional bishop and his clergy. An equivalent salary was assured to the principals amongst them, or more lucrative functions in the civil and military administrations of the republic. Hope and threats wrung from them their resignation. Chaumette exclaimed that the day when Reason resumed her empire merited a place to itself in the epochs of the Revolution. He demanded that the committee of Public Instruction should bestow in the new calendar a place to the "Day of Reason." This abdication of exterior Catholicism by the priests of a nation surrounded for so many ages by the power of this worship, is one of the most characteristic acts of the spirit of the Revolution. The bells, those sonorous voices of Christian temples, were cast into money or cannon. The directors of the departments forbade the institutors to pronounce the name of God in their tuition to the children of the people. The commune desired to replace the ceremonies of religion by other spectacles, to which the people flocked as they do to all novel sights. But religions do not spring up in the market-place at the voice of legislators or demagogues. The religion of Chaumette and the commune was merely a popular opera transferred from the theatre to the tabernacle. The 20th of December, the day fixed for the installation of the new worship, the commune, the convention, and the authorities of Paris, went in a body to the cathedral. Chaumette, seconded by Laïs, an actor at the opera, had arranged the plan of the fête, Mademoiselle Maillard, an actress, in the full bloom of youth and talent, formerly a favourite of the queen, and high in popular admiration, had been compelled by Chaumette's threats to play the part of the divinity of the people. She entered borne on a palan- quin, the seat of which was formed of oak branches. Women dressed in white, and wearing tri-coloured girdles, preceded her. Popular societies, fraternal female societies, revolutionary committees, sections, groups of chor- isters, singers, and opera dancers encircled the throne. With the theatrical cothurni on her feet, a Phrygian cap on her head, her frame scarcely covered with a white tunic, over which a flowing cloak of sky-blue was thrown, the priestess was borne, at the sound of instruments, to the foot of the altar, and placed on the spot where the adoration of the faithful so lately sought the mystic bread transformed into a divinity. Behind her was a vast torch, emblematical of the light of philosophy, destined henceforward to be the sole flame of the interior of these temples. The actress lighted this flambeau. Chaumette, receiving the encensoir in which the perfume was burning, from the hands of the two acolytes, knelt, and waved it in the air. A mutilated statue of the Virgin was lying at his feet. Chaumette apostrophised the marble, and defied it to resume its place in the respect of the people. Dances and hymns attracted the eyes and ears of the spectators. No profanation was wanting in the old temple whose foundations were confounded with the foundations of religion and the monarchy. Forced by terror to be present at this fête, Bishop Gobel was there, in a tribune, at this parody of the mysteries which three days before he had celebrated at the same altar. Motionless from fear, tears of shame rolled down the bishop's cheeks. A similar worship was imitated in all the churches throughout the departments. The light surface of France bent before every wind from Paris. Only instead of divinities borrowed from the theatres, the representatives in mission compelled modest wives and innocent young maidens to display themselves to the adoration of the public in these spectacles. The devastation of sanctuaries, and the dispersion of relics, followed the inauguration of the allegorical worship of Chaumette.» (HH, XII, p.331-332); « The race theory was that mankind could be divided into two groups, Aryans and non-Aryans. The Aryans were the Geramns, ideally tall, blond and handsome; they were the master race destined to rule the world. All the rest, such as Slavs, coloured peoples and particularly Jews were inferior and were destined to become the slave races of the Germans.» (Lowe, id., p.136).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§790 Hitler’s reign, French occupation and Jewish holocaust (1933-1945): IV-86.

IV-86 (§790):

In the year when Saturn shall be in water conjunct,
With the Sun, the mighty and powerful King:
In Reims and Aix shall be received and anointed,
After conquests he shall murder innocents.

(L'an que Saturne en eaue sera conjoinct,
Avecques Sol, le Roy fort & puissant:
A Reims & Aix sera receu & oingt,
Apres conquestes meurtrira innocens.)

NOTES: Water (eaue): « In theory, this word could refer to any of four zodiacal signs – Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces (the three water triplicities) and Aquarius, the Water-carrier.» (Ovason, 1997, p.212). According to the zodiacal terminology of Nostradamus this term must be identified with Aquarius (Verseau) like the same case of ‘water (eau)’ (VIII-49), together with the examples of ‘urn (urne)’ (IX-73 and X-50), other possible options of it being nominally designated in the Prophecies of Nostradamus as ‘Cancer’ (V-98, VI-4, VI-6, VI-24, VI-35, VIII-48 and X-67), ‘Pisces’ (VIII-91) or ‘Poissons (Fishes)’ (II-5, II-48)’ and ‘Scorpion (I-52)’. The unique option of ‘trine, trigon (the aquatic triplicity = Cancer, Scorpion and Pisces)’ for it must be rejected because the zodiacal place of any planetary conjunction in such a context must be one sign and, besides, Nostradamus employs properly the technical term: ‘the aquatic triplicity’ (l’aquatique triplicité) in the quatrain I-50.

The year when Saturn shall be in water conjunct, With the Sun: There are 36 years of this astronomical determination during the period of 1555-2000 as follows: 1580, 1581, 1609, 1610, 1611, 1639, 1640, 1668, 1669, 1670, 1698, 1699, 1727, 1728, 1729, 1757, 1758, 1786, 1787, 1815, 1816, 1817, 1845, 1846, 1874, 1875, 1876, 1904, 1905, 1933, 1934, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1992 and 1993.

In Reims and Aix shall be received and anointed: « Reims and Aix-la-Chapelle [Aachen] having been in the time of Nostradamus the two cities where were effectuated the coronations of the French kings and of the German emperors, the mighty and powerful King in question shall therefore have succeeded in uniting the two kingdoms.» (Brind’Amour, 1993, p.260).

Now, in the period previously mentioned there have been only five regimes that have united France (Reims) and Germany (Aachen) under one sovereignty, namely:

1° the National Convention by the Peace of Basel with Prussia which admitted the left bank of the Rhine to France (5 April – 26 October, 1795, by the dissolution of the National Convention).
2° the Directoire succeeding the National Convention (27 October 1795 – 9 November 1799 by 18 Brumaire); « Austria having, by the Treaty of Campo-Formio (17 October 1797), approved the French possession of the left bank of the Rhine » (L. & A. Mirot, 1947, p.426 ).
3° Napoleon Bonaparte succeeding the Directoire (10 November 1799 – 30 May 1814 by the First Peace of Paris).
4° William I occupying France (18 January – 10 May 1871 by the Peace of Frankfurt) and
5° Adolf Hitler defeating France (22 June 1940 – 25 August 1944 by the Allied Liberation of Paris).

The mighty and powerful King: Of the five sovereigns above, only Napoleon Bonaparte and Adolf Hitler are to be retained as pertaining to the years in question: namely, Napoleon to 1815 because he then abdicated and was exiled into St. Helena, and Hitler to 1933 and 1934 because he then became Chancellor (Jan. 1933) and Führer (Aug. 1934). And according to the grammatically possible contextual structure of the verses: “the mighty and powerful King” “in Aachen shall be received and anointed and in Reims shall be received and anointed” Hitler is only to be identified with the King in question because later in 1940 he will occupy the French Republic (Reims), while Napoleon in the year in question will have lost utterly his power. Ordinary interpreters will say that in the year of the Saturn’s conjunction with the Sun in Aquarius there shall take place the King’s coronation in Reims and Aachen at once. But, the coordinate conjunction “and (&)”, only with a general meaning of logical coexistence, does not categorically determine the chronological connotations of simultaneity, linear sequence, etc., so that the reading of the precedence of the coronation in Aachen and the following one in Reims is not grammatically impossible.

In Aachen he shall be received and anointed: « There was some complicated manoeuvring involving Papen and Schleicher who persuaded President Hindenburg, now completely senile, to dismiss Chancellor Brüning and appoint Papen himself as Chancellor. They hoped to bring Hitler in as Vice-Chancellor, but he would settle for nothing less than himself as Chancellor. In January 1933, therefore, they persuaded Hindenburg to invite Hitler to become Chancellor [shall be received] with Papen as Vice-Chancellor, even though the Nazis had by then lost ground in the elections of November 1932. Papen still believed Hitler could be controlled and remarked to a friend: ‘In two months we’ll have pushed Hitler into a corner so hard that he’ll be squeaking.’ In fact, therefore, Hitler was able to come to power legally because all the other parties including the Reichswehr failed to recognise the danger from the Nazis and therefore failed to unite in opposition.» (Lowe, 1988, p.135); « The legal basis of his power was the Enabling Law which was forced through the Reichstag on 23 March 1933. This stated that the government could introduce laws without the approval of the Reichstag for the next four years, ignore the constitution and sign agreements with foreign countries. All laws would be drafted by the Chancellor and come into operation the day they were published.» (Lowe, id, p.137); « When President Hindenburg died [August 1934], the Reichswehr agreed that Hitler should become President as well as Chancellor. (He preferred to use the title Führer – leader.)» (Lowe, id, p.143); « 1934 Aug: 2nd, death of Paul von Hindenburg (aged 87); 19th, German plebiscite approves vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler as Führer.» (Williams, 1968, p.544).

In Reims he shall be received and anointed: = the victory of Hitler over France in June 1940; « The attacks on Holland, Belgium and France were launched simultaneously on 10 May [1940] and again Blitzkrieg methods brought swift victories. The Dutch, shaken by the bombing of Rotterdam which killed almost a thousand people, surrendered after only four days. Belgium held out longer but her surrender at the end of May left the British and French troops in Belgium perilously exposed as German motorised divisions swept across northern France; only Dunkirk remained in Allied hands... The events at Dunkirk were important: a third of a million troops were rescued to fight again and Churchill used it for propaganda purposes to boost British morale with the ‘Dunkirk spirit’. In fact it was a serious blow for the Allies: the armies at Dunkirk had lost all their arms and equipment so that it became impossible for Britain to help France. The Germans now swept southwards; Paris was captured on 14 June and France surrendered on 22 June. At Hitler’s insistence the armistice was signed at Compiègne in the same railway coach which had been used for the 1918 armistice. The Germans occupied northern France and the Atlantic coast, giving them valuable submarine bases, and the French army was demobilised. Unoccupied France was allowed its own government under Marshall Pétain at Vichy, but it had no real independence and collaborated with the Germans.» (Lowe, 1988, p.252).

The term ‘anointed’ in Nostradamus is used beyond the traditional meaning to express figuratively ‘gaining the sovereign power of a country’: for example, the quatrain VI-24 predicts the investiture of Richard Nixon with the Presidency of the United States in terms of « sera nouveau Roy oingt (shall be a new King anointed)».

Conquests: « German expansion Between September 1939 and August 1942 Nazi German forces conquered most of mainland Europe, seizing control of an area from Norway to Crete, and from France to the Black Sea. Britain remained free of German domination, but was subjected to air attacks. Nazi U-boats also preyed on Britain’s shipping lanes.» (DKHistory, p.388).

After conquests he shall murder innocents: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with. There were only just over half a million Jews in Germany, a tiny proportion of the population, but Hitler decided to use them as scapegoats for everything – the humiliation at Versailles, the depression, unemployment and communism – and claimed that there was a world Jewish plot. Lots of Germans were in such a desperate situation that they were prepared to accept the propaganda about the Jews and were not sorry to see thousands of them removed from their jobs as lawyers, doctors, teachers and journalists. The campaign was given legal status by the Nuremberg Laws (1935), which deprived Jews of their German citizenship, forbade them to marry non-Jews (to preserve the purity of the Aryan race) and ruled that even a person with only one Jewish grandparent must be classed as a Jew. Later the policy became more extreme. Jews were harassed in every possible way; their property was attacked and burnt, shops looted, synagogues destroyed, and they themselves herded into concentration camps. Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race. As the Germans occupied countries such as Czechoslovakia, Poland and western Russia, he was able to lay his hands on non-German Jews as well [After conquests he shall murder innocents]. It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered, most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps.» (Lowe, 1988, p.143).

As to the interpretation by Ionescu (Ionescu, 1993, p.236-238) hoping farsighted the advent in 2023-2024 of the ‘Great Celtic Monarch’, the line 4 appears annoying him: « Apres conquestes meurtrira innocens (After conquests he will bruise the guiltless). Bruising the innocent does not sound like what the world had been led to expect from the great Henry, so it may be that Nostradamus has succeeded in so obscuring himself that he is sullying his own hero.» (Boswell, 1941, p.297). It is really not his hero, but one of Antichrists. Moreover, the annoying effect will far more increase if he follows the most reliable texts with the word: “innocens (innocents, the guiltless, the innocent)” in place of his chosen one with “innocent (an innocent)”, which he translates faithfully as follows: “une personnalité en réalité innocente (one personality in reality innocent)”. The line 4 is truly significant because it is predicting the post-fighting murder of multiple innocent people rather than any killing in fighting. This behavior is one of the most evident characteristics of a demonic power.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§789 The Weimar Republic; Hitler in power (1919-1939): III-76.

III-76 (§789):

In Germany shall be born diverse sects,
Approaching much to the happy paganism,
The captive heart and small revenues,
shall return to the payment of the true tithe.

(En Germanie naistront diverses sectes,
S'approchans fort de l'heureux paganisme,
Le cueur captif & petites receptes,
Feront retour à payer le vray disme.)

NOTES: The first hemistich of the quatrain deals with the Weimar Republic with proportional representation in failure in Germany and the second concerns Hitler’s totalitarian policies with success.

Paganism: = « PAGANIISME. n.m. Nom donné par les chrétiens de la fin de l’empire romain aux cultes polythéistes (Paganism. A name given by the Christians of the end of the Roman Empire to the polytheistic cults).» (Petit Robert).

Happy: = Irresponsible; « happy a. (as suf.) irresponsible about (
TRIGGER-happy).» (Sykes).

In Germany shall be born diverse sects, Approaching much to the happy paganism: « The parliamentary system laid down in the new Weimar constitution had weakness, the most serious of which was that it was organised on a system of proportional representation so that all political groups would have a fair representation. Unfortunately there were so many different groups that no party could ever win an overall majority. For example in 1928 the Reichstag (lower house of parliament) contained at least eight groups of which the largest were the Social Democrats (153), conservatives or nationalists (78), and the Catholic Centre Party (62). The communists had 54 seats, while the smallest groups were the Bavarian People’s Party (16) and the National Socialists (12). A succession of coalition governments was inevitable, with the Socialist Democrats having to rely on co-operation from left-wing liberals and Catholic Centre; no party was able to carry out its programme.» (Lowe, 1988, p.127).

« The Weimar Republic was constantly plagued by economic problems, which the government failed to solve permanently: (i) In 1919 Germany was close to bankruptcy because of the enormous expense of the war which had lasted for longer than most people had expected. (ii) Her attempts to pay reparations instalments made matters worse. In August 1921, after paying the £50 million due, she requested permission to suspend payments until her economy recovered. France refused and in 1922 Germany could not manage the full annual payment. (iii) In January 1923 French troops occupied the Ruhr (an important German industrial area) in an attempt to seize goods from factories and mines. The German government ordered the workers to follow a policy of passive resistance, and German industry in the Ruhr was paralysed. The French had failed in their aim, but the effect on the German economy was catastrophic and the mark collapsed. The normal rate of exchange was 4 marks to the dollar, but even before the Ruhr occupation reparations difficulties had caused the mark to fall in value so that by 1922 a dollar would buy 191.8 marks. By July 1923, with the Ruhr at a standstill, a dollar would buy 160,000 marks, and at the end of November 1923 the mark was completely worthless at 4,200,000 million to the dollar. It was only when the new Chancellor, Gustav Stresemann, introduced a new currency known as the Rentenmark, in 1924, that the financial situation finally stabilised. The economic situation improved dramatically in the years after 1924, largely thanks to the Dawes Plan of that year which provided an immediate loan from the USA equivalent to £40 million, relaxed the fixed reparations payments and in effect allowed Germany to pay what she could afford; French troops withdrew from the Ruhr. The currency was stabilised, there was a boom in such industries as iron, steel, coal, chemicals and electricals, and wealthy landowners and industrialists were quite happy with the republic. But behind this success there was a fatal weakness. (iv) The prosperity was much more dependent than most people realised on American loans. (v) Following the Wall Street Crash (October 1929 the world economic crisis was developed. The USA stopped ant further loans and began to call in money of the short-term loans already made to Germany. This shook the currency and caused a run on the banks, many of which had to close. The industrial boom had led to world-wide over-production, and German exports, along with those of other countries, were severely reduced. Factories had to close, and by the middle of 1931 unemployment was approaching four million. Sadly for Germany, Gustav Stresemann, the politician best equipped to deal with the situation, died of a heart attack in October 1929 at the early age of 51. (vi) The government of Chancellor Brüning (Catholic Centre Party) reduced social services, unemployment benefit, and salaries and pensions of government officials, and stopped reparations payments. High tariffs were introduced to keep out foreign foodstuffs and thus help German farmers, while the government bought shares in factories hit by the slump. However, these measures did not produce quick results: unemployment continued to grow and by the spring of 1932 it stood at over six million. The government came under criticism from almost all groups in society, especially industrialists and the working class who demanded more decisive action. The loss of working-class support because of increasing unemployment and the reduction of unemployment benefit was a serious blow to the republic. By the end of 1932 the Weimar Republic had thus been brought to the verge of collapse. Even so it might have survived if there had been no other options.» (Lowe, id., p.129-133).

The captive heart and small revenues, shall return to the payment of the true tithe: The Germans by their support to the attractive Nazi policies recovered economic strength so as to be able to pay their ordinary tithe, which they could not afford under the Republic government because of small income or mass unemployment: « Hitler and the Nazi party offered what seemed to be an attractive alternative just when the republic was at its most incapable. The fortunes of the Nazi party were linked closely to the economic situation: the more unstable the economy, the more seats the Nazis won in the Reichstag: March 1924 – 32 seats (economy still unstable after 1923 inflation); December 1924 – 14 seats (economy recovering after Dawes Plan); 1928 – 12 seats (comparative prosperity); 1930 – 107 seats (unemployment mounting – Nazis second largest party); July 1932 – 230 seats (massive unemployment – Nazis largest single party). There is no doubt that the rise of Hitler and the Nazis, fostered by the economic crisis, was one of the most important factors in the downfall of the republic.» (Lowe, id, p.133).

« What was it about the Nazis that made them so popular? (i) They offered national unity, prosperity and full employment by ridding Germany of what they claimed were the real causes of the troubles – Marxists, the ‘November criminals’ (those who had agreed to the armistice in November 1918 and later the Versailles Treaty), Jesuites, Freemasons and, above all, Jews. Great play was made in Nazi propaganda with the ‘stab in the back’ myth (In 1919, the view was widespread that the army had not been defeated: it had been betrayed – ‘stabbed in the back’ – by the democrats who had needlessly agreed to the Versailles Treaty. What most Germans did not realise was that it was Ludendorff who had asked for an armistice while the Kaiser was still in power. However, the ‘stab in the back’ legend was eagerly fostered by all enemies of the republic [id., p.127].). (ii) They promised to overthrow the Versailles settlement, so unpopular with most Germans, and to build Germany into a great power again. This would include bringing all Germans (in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland) back into the Reich. (iii) The Nazi private army, the SA (Sturmabteilung – Storm Troopers), was attractive to young people out of work [The captive heart]; it gave them a small wage [small revenues] and a uniform. (iv) Wealthy landowners and industrialists encouraged the Nazis because they feared a communist revolution and they approved of the Nazi policy of hostility to communists. (v) Hitler himself had extraordinary political abilities. He possessed tremendous energy and will power and a remarkable gift for public speaking which enabled him to put forward his ideas with great emotional force. (vi) The striking contrast between the governments of the Weimar Republic and the Nazi party impressed people: the former were cautious, respectable, dull and unable to maintain order, the latter promised strong, decisive government and the restoration of national pride – an irresistible combination. (vii) Without the economic crisis though, it is doubtful whether Hitler would have had much chance of attaining power; it was the widespread unemployment and social misery which gained the Nazis mass support, not only among the working classes but also among the lower-middle classes – office workers, shopkeepers, civil servants, teachers and small-scale farmers.» (Lowe, id, p.133-134).

« A small clique of right-wing politicians with support from the Reichswehr decided to bring Hitler into a coalition government with the conservatives and nationalists. The main conspirators were Franz von Papen and Kurt von Schleicher. Their reasons for this momentous decision were: (i) They were afraid of the Nazis attempting to seize power by a Putsch. (ii) They believed they could control Hitler better inside the government than if he remained outside it. (iii) The Nazi votes in the Reichstag would give them a majority, which might make possible a restoration of the monarchy, and a return to the system which had existed under Bismarck (Chancellor 1870-90), in which the Reichstag had much less power. Though this would destroy the Weimar Republic, they were prepared to go ahead because it would give them a better chance of controlling the communists.» (Lowe, id, p.134-135).

« There was some complicated manoeuvring involving Papen and Schleicher who persuaded President Hindenburg, now completely senile, to dismiss Chancellor Brüning and appoint Papen himself as Chancellor. They hoped to bring Hitler in as Vice-Chancellor, but he would settle for nothing less than himself as Chancellor. In January 1933, therefore, they persuaded Hindenburg to invite Hitler to become Chancellor with Papen as Vice-Chancellor, even though the Nazis had by then lost ground in the elections of November 1932. Papen still believed Hitler could be controlled and remarked to a friend: ‘In two months we’ll have pushed Hitler into a corner so hard that he’ll be squeaking.’ In fact, therefore, Hitler was able to come to power legally because all the other parties including the Reichswehr failed to recognise the danger from the Nazis and therefore failed to unite in opposition.» (Lowe, id, p.135).

« The legal basis of his power was the Enabling Law which was forced through the Reichstag on 23 March 1933. This stated that the government could introduce laws without the approval of the Reichstag for the next four years, ignore the constitution and sign agreements with foreign countries. All laws would be drafted by the Chancellor and come into operation the day they were published... How was it achieved? The method was typical of the Nazis. The Kroll Opera House (where the Reichstag had been meeting since the fire [on the night of 27 February 1933]) was surrounded by the black-shirted SS troops, and MPs had to push their way through solid ranks to get into the building. The 81 communist MPs were simply not allowed to pass (many were in jail already). Inside the building rows of brown-shirted SA troops lined the walls. It took courage to vote against the bill in such surroundings with the SS outside chanting ‘We want the bill, or fire and murder’. When the Catholic Centre Parry decided to vote in favour, the result was a foregone conclusion: it passed by 441 votes to 94 (all Social Democrats).» (Lowe, id, p.137).

« Hitler’s policies were popular with many sections of the German people. Hitler was successful in eliminating unemployment. This was probably the most important reason for his popularity with the masses. When he came to power the unemployment figure still stood at over six million but as early as July 1935 it had dropped to under two million and by 1939 it had disappeared completely. How was this achieved? The public works schemes provided thousands of extra jobs. A large party bureaucracy was set up now that the Nazi party was expanding so rapidly, providing thousands of extra office and administrative posts. There were purges of Jews and anti-Nazis from the civil service and many other jobs connected with law, teaching, journalism, broadcasting, the theatre and music, leaving large numbers of vacancies. Conscription was reintroduced in 1935. Rearmament was begun in 1934 and gradually speeded up. Thus Hitler had provided what the unemployed had been demanding in their 1932 marches: work and bread (Arbeit und Brot).» (Lowe, id, p.140-141).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved.

§788 The two dictators: their ambition and destruction (1922-1945): IV-59.

IV-59 (§788):

The two personalities with ardent fervour,
Of ambitions shall be besieged and destroyed in exchange for two full cups:
The filed strong one, and an old dreamer,
Shall show their trace of Higher Descent to the Genevans.

(Deux assiegés en ardante ferveur,
De soif estainctz pour deux plaines tasses:
Le fort limé, & un viellart resveur,
Aux Genevois de Nira monstra trasse.

NOTES: « IV-59 (1937) Hitler and Mussolini quench their thirst with the two equal cups, namely Nazism and Fascism. The old dreamer, the group of nations in Geneva, shall soon see the traces of the Aryans and the acts of violence of the dictators. On December 10, 1937, writes Tardieu in the ‘Gringoire’: ‘In Germany they are waiting for Mussolini’s visit to Hitler. In Geneva they shall see an assembly of the rest of the League of Nations.’» (Centurio, 1953, p.102).

Deux assiegés (The two besieged): = The two persons who are destined to be besieged later. This figure of Nostradamus is truly prophesying = « Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany » (Lamont, 1944, p.149) = « Hitler and Mussolini » (Ionescu, 1976, p.490).

Deux assiegés en ardante ferveur, De soif estainctz pour deux plaines tasses: The construction is as follows: Deux [personnes] en ardante ferveur de soif [seront] assiegés [et] estainctz pour deux plaines tasses (The two personalities with ardent fervour, Of ambitions shall be besieged and destroyed in exchange for two full cups), “estainctz (extinguished in the plural)” predicating “deux (the two)”, not “soif (thirst)”.

Two full cups: Their territorial expansion by military aggression following their first « conquest by acquiring Ethiopia and Czechoslovakia » (Lamont, id.); « Mussolini sought to revive Italian national pride and to increase his own personal power by extending Italy’s territory on the Adriatic and enlarging its African empire. His invasion of Ethiopia provoked outrage from countries worldwide.» (Edmonds, 2000, p.47; Chart Expansion of Italy 1922-39); « One of Hitler’s priorities was to regain territory lost to Germany after the First World War and to unite all German-speaking people. In 1938 Germany annexed Austria and, following the signing of the Munich Agreement with the UK and France, the Sudetenland. German troops took control of the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 and their attack on Poland in September 1939 caused the outbreak of the Second World War.» (Edmonds, id., p.46; Chart Expansion of Nazi Germany 1933-39).

Shall be besieged and destroyed: « Mussolini, Benito (1883-1945); ... He declared war on Britain and France on June 10th, 1940, when France was already defeated. On the following October 28th his troops invaded Greece but were repulsed and, soon after, suffered reverses in Libya and East Africa. These defeats weakened Mussolini’s prestige, especially as the Fascists had always sought to inculcate admiration for the glories of war. By the summer of 1941 Mussolini had become virtually a German pensionary but it was not until July 25th, 1943, that a coup by King Victor Emmanuel and Marshal Badoglio forced him to resign. He was imprisoned, but was rescued from the Apennines by German parachutists (September 12th, 1943) and set up a Republican Fascist Government which administered German-occupied northern Italy.» (Palmer, p.194-195); « The collapse of Hitler’s hold on Italy: On the German side, Field-Marshal Kesselring had returned from convalescence in January, but in March he was called to the Western Front on being appointed to succeed Field-Marshal von Rundstedt as Commander-in-Chief there. Vietinghoff now definitely replaced him as C.-in-C. of Army Group C in Italy. Most of Vietinghoff’s forces had been committed to the front line, and he had few reserves – and less fuel – to check an Allied penetration. It was no longer possible to stabilise the front or to extricate his forces, and the only hope of saving them was by retreat – a long retreat. But Hitler had already rejected General Herr’s proposals for an elastic defence, by tactical withdrawals from one river to the next – which might have stultified the British Eighth Army’s offensive. On April 14, just before the American offensive was launched, Vietinghoff appealed for permission to retire to the Po before it was too late. His appeal was rejected, but on the 20th he took the responsibility of ordering such a retreat himself. By then it was far too late. The Allies’ three armoured divisions, in two sweeping moves, had cut off and surrounded most of the opposing forces. Although many Germans managed to escape by swimming that broad river, they were in no condition to establish a new line. On the 27th the British crossed the Adige and penetrated the Venetian Line covering Venice and Padua. The Americans, moving still faster, took Verona a day earlier. The day before that, April 25, a general uprising of the partisans took place, and Germans everywhere came under attack from them. All the Alpine passes were blocked by April 28 [Shall be besieged] – the day on which Mussolini and his mistress, Claretta Petacci, were caught and shot by a band of partisans near Lake Como [and destroyed]. German troops were now surrendering everywhere, and the Allied pursuit met little opposition anywhere after April 25. By the 29th the New Zealanders reached Venice and by May 2 were at Trieste – where the main concern was not the Germans but the Yugo-Slavs.» (Hart, 1971, p.670-674).

« Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945); ... His demands on Poland led to the Second World War (September 1939), which he considered he had won in the West when German troops entered Paris (June 22nd, 1940 [Armistice]). In 1941 he moved his troops eastward, but in attacking Russia he encountered heavy opposition and personally assumed command in the field on December 19th, 1941. A series of failures after Stalingrad, culminating in the Allied landings in Normandy, undermined the Army’s confidence in Hitler and led to the attempted assassination of July 20th, 1944. At the end of the war Hitler was cornered in the ruins of Berlin.» (Palmer, p.127-128); « The collapse of Germany: Hitler had stripped his Western Front , and diverted the major part of his remaining forces and resources to hold the line of the Oder against the Russians, in the belief that the Western Allies were incapable of resuming the offensive after the supposedly crippling blow of his Ardennes counter-offensive coupled with V-weapon flying bomb and rocket bombardment of the Antwerp base. So most of the available equipment coming out from the German factories or repair shops was sent eastward. Yet at that very time the Western Allies were building up overwhelming strength for an assault on the Rhine. In this massive effort the main striking role was assigned to Montgomery, the U.S. Ninth Army being employed under him in addition to his own two, the First Canadian and Second British Armies. This decision was strongly resented by most of the American generals who felt that Eisenhower was yielding to the demands of Montgomery and the British at the expense of their own prospects. Indignation spurred them to more vigorous efforts on their sectors to show what they could do, and in the event these efforts achieved striking results, as the strength put into them, though smaller than what Montgomery was amassing, much exceeded what the Germans had left to oppose them. On March 7 the tanks of Patton’s Third Army broke through the weak German defences in the Eifel (the German end of the rugged Ardennes), and reached the Rhine near Coblenz after a sixty-mile drive in three days. For the moment they were blocked, as the Rhine bridges had been blown up before they arrived. But a little farther north, a small armoured spearhead of the neighbouring U.S. First Army had found a gap and raced through it so quickly that the bridge at Remagen, near Bonn, was reached and brilliantly captured before it could be blown. Reserves were rushed up and secured a vital bridgehead. By March 21, Patton had swept the west bank clear of the enemy along a seventy-mile stretch between Coblenz and Mannheim, cutting off the German forces in that sector before they could withdraw to the Rhine. Next night, Patton’s troops crossed the river almost unopposed at Oppenheim, between Mainz and Mannheim. When the news of this surprise stroke reached Hitler, he called for immediate countermeasures, but was told that no resources remained available, and that the most that could be despatched to help fill the gap was a mere handful of five machines just repaired at a tank depot a hundred miles away. ‘The cupboard was bare’, and the American advance beyond the Rhine became a procession. By this time Montgomery had completed his elaborate preparations for the grand assault on the Rhine near Wesel 150 miles downstream. Here he had concentrated twenty-five divisions, after a quarter of a million tons of ammunition and other supplies had been amassed in dumps on the west bank. The thirty-mile stretch of river where he planned to attack was held by only five weak and exhausted German divisions... At midnight on April 12, the news reached Hitler that President Roosevelt had died suddenly. Goebbels telephoned him, and said: ‘My Führer, I congratulate you. Fate has laid low your greatest enemy. God has not abandoned us.’ This was the ‘miracle’, it seemed, for which Hitler had been waiting – a repetition of the death of the Empress of Russia, at the critical moment of the Seven Year War in the eighteenth century. So Hitler became convinced that what Mr Churchill called the ‘Grand Alliance’ between the Eastern and Western powers would now break up through the clash of their rival interests. But the hope was not fulfilled and Hitler was driven a fortnight later to take his own life, as Frederick the Great had been about to do, just when his ‘miracle’ had come to save his fortunes and his life. Early in March Zhukov had enlarged his bridgehead over the Oder, but did not succeed in breaking out. Russian progress on the far flanks continued, and Vienna was entered in the middle of April. Meanwhile the German front in the west had collapsed, and the Allied armies there were driving eastward from the Rhine with little opposition. They reached the Elbe, sixty miles from Berlin, on April 11. Here they halted. On the 16th Zhukov resumed the offensive, in conjunction with Koniev, who forced the crossing of the Neisse. This time the Russians burst out of their bridgeheads, and within a week were driving into the suburbs of Berlin – where Hitler chose to remain for the final battle. By the 25th the city had been completely isolated by the encircling armies of Zhukov and Koniev [Shall be besieged], and on the 27th Koniev’s forces joined hands with the Americans on the Elbe. But in Berlin itself desperate street-by-street resistance was put up by the Germans, and was not completely overcome until the war itself ended, after Hitler’s suicide, with Germany’s unconditional surrender [and destroyed].» (Hart, 1971, p.677-680).

The filed strong one: « In this text, Hitler is named “le fort limé (the filed strong one)”, the strong one sharpened with a file like the edge of a sword. It is a plastic image of his warlike character.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.490).

Viellard: = Vieillard; « Viellard, See Vieillard.» (Huguet).

An old dreamer: « The expression “un viellard resveur (an old dreamer)” should not be taken literally. It must be understood as “a dreamer of the ancient times”. Therefore it is an allusion to Mussolini’s Utopian dreams of restoring the glory of the ancient Rome.»
(Ionescu, id.).

Trasse
: = « Trasseure. Trace (Trace, track, footprint, footstep, trail, remains.). – Trace ou Trassure.» (Huguet).

De Nira trasse: = « Aryan tracts.» (Lamont, id.); « About the term “Nira”, it is an anagram of “Iran”. Iran is considered by many historians as the original region of the Aryan peoples. And “Nira” is also an anagram for “Arian”. “To show the trace of Aryans” is to show oneself as descendants of the ancient Aryans.» (Ionescu, id., p.491).

Monstra: = « for monstrera by syncope.» (Ionescu, id., p.490).

The Genevans: = The « League of Nations.» (Lamont, id.).

Shall show their trace of Higher Descent to the Genevans: « A Chief well armed and another one dreaming of the glory of the past shall oppose the League of Nations by the doctrine of the superiority of the Arian race.» (Ionescu, id., p.491).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

§787 The failure of the League of Nations; the Allies against the Germans in Italy (1920-1946): VI-20.

VI-20 (§787):

The feigned union shall be of brief duration;
Some changed, reformed the greater part:
Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy,
When a new leopard shall have Rome.

(L'union feincte sera peu de duree,
Des uns changés reformés la pluspart:
Dans les vaisseaux sera gent enduree,
Lors aura Rome un nouveau liepart.

NOTES: The feigned union: An ineffective international organization of the League of Nations (1920-1946).

Sera peu de duree: = Sera [de] peu de durée, the preposition [de] being left out by a prophetic embroilment as Augures, creuz eslevés [à] aruspices (§762, III-26). Cf. A l'Entrée des Prophéties, §5, Catégorie d: Ellipse de prépositions pour embrouiller prophétiquement.

The feigned union shall be of brief duration: = A gray bird... shall die soon (§786, I-100): « League of Nations. An international organization created in 1920 to preserve peace and settle disputes by arbitration or conciliation... In the pre-war crisis of 1938-39 the Great Powers tended to ignore the existence of the League... It was formally dissolved in April 1946.» (Palmer, p.157-158)

Some changed: = « When Congress refused to ratify the Treaty of Versailles, the U.S.A. dissociated itself from the League and never became a member. Germany belonged to the League only from 1926 to 1933, Russia from 1934 to 1939. Brazil withdrew from the League in 1926, Japan in 1933, Italy in 1937.» (Palmer, p.158)

Reformed the greater part
: Most of the member-states of the League in the World War II rallied to the Allies pivoting on Great Britain, the U.S.A. and the U.S.S.R., that developed into the new post-war organization of the United Nations including the U.S.A. as one of its most influential powers. In fact, of 63 member-states in all of the League between its beginning in 1920 and its end in 1946, 47 states rallied to the Allies in declaring war upon Germany (cf. Ploetz, 1998, p.757).

Those in the vessels: = The Anglo-American invading armies of Sicily in 1943; « Invasion of Sicily 9 July -17 August 1943. The Anglo-American invasion and capture of Sicily was a vital stepping-stone for the campaign in Italy, although the Allies were at fault in failing to prevent the Axis from successfully evacuating their best divisions from the island to continue the defensive battle on the mainland. While the British wanted to pursue an offensive against Italy after the Allied capture of Tunisia, their U.S. partners were less enthusiastic, but the British prevailed. The invasion of Sicily, the first part of the plan, was a massive undertaking – in Europe, second only to D-Day – involving 2,600 Allied ships and sustained air support. The invading force was made up of two armies – the U.S. Seventh Army and the British Eighth Army – and once ashore the Allies pressed forward in an attempt to destroy and capture the Axis units on the island. The few German troops on Sicily were quickly reinforced to a total of four elite divisions, along with a substantial Italian force. Commanded by Field Marshal Albert Kesselring, the Germans skillfully used the island’s mountainous terrain to carry out an effective delaying operation. The Allies, especially the British, advanced cautiously against the Germans. Although Hitler insisted that Sicily must be held at all costs, Kesselring soon realized that he must abandon the island if his German formations and their valuable weapons and equipment were not to be lost to the Allies. On the night of 11-12 August the Germans began a well-executed withdrawal that saw 40,000 German and 60,000 Italian troops cross over to the mainland with minimal hindrance from the Allies.» (Grant, 2011, p.856); « Finally the Big Three [Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt] called from Yalta for the remaining neutrals to declare war on Germany before 1 March 1945 and thus gain a ticket of admittance to the founding conference of the United Nations at San Francisco.» (Campbell, 1985, p.147). In response to this call, 12 countries declared war anew upon Germany by 27 March 1945 (Ploetz, id.).

Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy
: « Salerno 9-16 September 1943. The signing of the armistice between Italy and the Allies on 3 September 1943 might have seemed to support Churchill’s claim that Italy was the “soft underbelly of Europe,” but the fierce and intelligent resistance displayed by the Germans at Salerno was a portent of things to come. While Field Marshal Montgomery’s British Eighth Army had an easy, unopposed landing at Reggio di Calabria, the Allied amphibious assault against mainland Italy in the Gulf of Salerno did not go as planned. Under the command of Lieutenant General Mark Clark’s U.S. Fifth Army, the landing force was drawn from the British X Corps, which would hit the beaches at Salerno, and the U.S. VI Corps, acting as a flank guard and landing farther to the south. The X Corps troops faced little resistance as they reached the beaches on 9 September 1943, but once ashore they came under sustained attack from the German XIV Panzer Corps. The U.S. VI Corps faced similar problems, unable to push forward from its beachhead. When, on 12 September, the Germans mounted a concerted counterattack, it seemed possible that the Allies might lose their tenuous hold on the Italian mainland. But the arrival of reinforcements – including a parachute drop by two battalions of the U.S. 82d Airborne Division – and the mass redeployment of Allied airpower to the Salerno front turned the tide. On 16 September the Germans disengaged from the battle and began to withdraw to a specially prepared defensive line farther north; meanwhile, U.S. troops on the right of the beachhead made contact with units from the Eighth Army advancing from the south. As the Germans fell back, the Allies occupied the key port of Naples.» ( Grant, id., p.858);

« Monte Cassino 17 January-18 May 1944. The struggle for Monte Cassino in World War II sucked Allied troops on the Italian front into a brutal battle that lasted four bloody months. While Allied material strength was to decide the day ultimately, the Germans again demonstrated their determination and skill in defensive operations. Allied progress up the “boot” of Italy had ground to a halt during the winter of 1943 to 1944, thwarted by the German Gustav Line [Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy]. The towering hill of Monte Cassino – topped by a historic monastery – was the linchpin in the line, which the Allies were determined to capture... The fourth battle, spearheaded by the Polish Corps, finally took the hill. The Germans had already decided to retire to a new defensive line farther north, and when the lead Polish troops gained the summit of the hill on 18 May, they found it unoccupied.» ( Grant, id., p.861);

« Anzio 22 January-25 May 1944. Intended as a daring outflanking move that would open up the way to the capture of Rome, the Anzio landings degenerated into World War II deadlock: the Allies unable to drive forward from their bridgehead and the Germans without the means to push the invaders back into the sea. Having failed to break through the German Gustav Line the Allies proposed to land an amphibious force on the (western) Italian coast behind German lines. A combined U.S.-British operation, under the command of Major General John Lucas’s U.S.VI Corps, it lacked the resources to be effective. The landing on 22 January did, however, achieve complete surprise and were virtually uncontested. Responding with their customary alacrity, the Germans soon had the Allied troops corralled within a tight perimeter. The geography favored the Germans, too; they held a ring of high ground above the Allied position and poured down a massive volume of artillery fire on the soldiers holding the marshy ground below. Both sides reinforced their positions, which further encouraged a tactical stalemate [Those in the vessels shall be endured by the enemy], conditions reminiscent of World War I. Lucas was made a scapegoat and replaced by Major General Lucien Truscott, but he too could not little to break the deadlock. It was only the slow, relentless pressure applied on land and in the air throughout Italy that forced the Germans to give way. On 25 May, with the Germans in retreat, the men from the Anzio bridgehead met up with Allied troops fighting their way up from the south. On 5 June, the Allies marched into Rome unopposed.» (Grant, id.); « ... Rome fell on 4 June, but by autumn 1944 the Germans were again making a stand, this time on the Gothic Line just north of Florence.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.135).

A new leopard: The two examples of « liepard (leopard, panther) » in the quatrain I-23 (§832) refer to Mussolini (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.530), and here « un nouveau liepart (a new leopard, a new panther) », who shall occupy Rome anew in place of the Italian chief, refers to Hitler designated in the cited quatrain as “sanglier (a wild boar)”. Besides, the alternative character “T” of the irregular orthography “liepart” (‘lie-’ itself instead of LEO being naturally derived from “lion”) seems to suggest the ‘T’ of ‘Hitler’. The identification by Ionescu of ‘a new leopard’ with ‘a leopard’ of the quatrain I-23, thence with Mussolini (Ionescu, id.), is utterly erroneous. Because of this he could not give any interpretation about the quatrain I-23 in its entirety.

When a new leopard shall have Rome
: « Hitler, by contrast, had wasted no time in taking steps to counter the likelihood that the new Italian Government would seek peace and abandon the alliance with Germany. On the day of the coup d’état in Rome, July 25 [1943], Rommel had arrived in Greece to take command there, but just before midnight he received a telephone call telling him that Mussolini had been deposed, and that he was to fly back at once to Hitler’s headquarters in the East Prussian forests. Arriving there at noon next day he ‘received orders to assemble troops in the Alps and prepare a possible entry into Italy’... So by the beginning of September eight German division under Rommel were established inside Italy’s Alpine frontier-wall as a potential support or reinforcement to Kesselring’s forces in the south. Moreover the 2nd Parachute Division, a particularly tough force, was flown from France to Ostia, close to Rome. General Student, the Commander-in-Chief of the German airborne forces, went with it. When interrogated after the war, he said: “The Italian High Command was given no previous warning of its arrival, and was told that the division was intended for the reinforcement of Sicily or Calabria. But my instructions, from Hitler, were that I was to keep it near Rome, and also take under my command the 3rd Panzergrenadier Division, which had moved down there. With these two divisions I was to be ready to disarm the Italian forces around Rome.” The presence of these divisions nullified the Allies’ plan to drop one of their own airborne divisions, the 82nd American (General Matthew Ridgway), on Rome itself to support the Italians in holding the capital... Marshal Badoglio had kept five Italian divisions concentrated in the Rome area despite the Germans’ efforts to persuade him to send some of these divisions to help in defending the coast in the south... On September 3, the invasion was opened by Montgomery’s Eighth Army crossing the narrow Straits of Messina, from Sicily, and landing on the toe of Italy. That same day the Italian representatives secretly signed the armistice treaty with the Allies. But it was arranged that the fact should be kept quiet until the Allies made their second and principal landing – which was planned to take place on the shin of Italy, at Salerno, south of Naples.» (Hart, 1971, p.451-452).

« At midnight on September 8 the Anglo-American Fifth Army under General Mark Clark began to disembark in the Gulf of Salerno – a few hours after the B.B.C. had broadcast the official announcement of Italy’s capitulation. The Italian leaders had not been expecting the landing to come so soon, and they were warned about the delivery of the broadcast only late in the afternoon. Badoglio complained, with some justification, that he was caught unready to co-operate, before his preparations were complete. But the Italians’ state of unreadiness and trepidation had already become so evident to General Maxwell Taylor, who had been sent to Rome secretly by Eisenhower, that Ridgway’s intended airborne descent on Rome had been cancelled after Eisenhower had received that morning a warning message from Taylor that the prospects were poor. The broadcast announcement of the Italian capitulation also took the Germans by surprise, but their action in Rome was prompt and decisive, despite the simultaneous emergency in the south produced by the landing at Salerno. The outcome might well have been different if Italian action had matched Italian acting, which had gone a long way to conceal intentions and lull Kesselring’s suspicions during the preceding days. A piquant account of this is given in a narrative written by his Chief of Staff, General Westphal: “On September 7 the Italian Minister of Marine, Admiral Count de Courten, called on Field-Marshal Kesselring to inform him that the Italian Fleet would put out on the 8th or 9th from Spezia to seek battle with the British Mediterranean Fleet. The Italian Fleet would conquer or perish, he said, with tears in his eyes. He then described in detail its intended plan of battle.” These solemn assurances made a convincing impression. The next afternoon Westphal and another general, Toussaint, drove to the headquarters of the Italian Army in Monterotondo (sixteen miles north-east of Rome). “Our reception by General Roatta was very cordial. He discussed with me in detail the further joint conduct of operations by the Italian 7th and German 10th Armies in Southern Italy. While we were talking a telephone message came through from Colonel von Waldenburg with the news of the broadcast announcement of the Italian capitulation to the Allies... General Roatta assured us that it was merely a bad propaganda manœuvre. The joint struggle, he said, would be continued just as had been arranged between us.” Westphal was not altogether convinced by these assurances and when he got back to the German headquarters at Frascati late in the evening he found that Kesselring had already signalled to all subordinate commands the code-word ‘Axis’ – the pre-arranged signal which meant that Italy had quitted the Axis and that the appropriate action must be taken to disarm the Italians immediately. The subordinate commands applied a mixture of persuasion and force according to the situation and their own disposition. In the Rome area, where the potential odds against him were heavy, Student used shock tactics. “I made an attempt to seize the Italian General Headquarters by dropping on it from the air. This was only a partial success. While thirty generals and a hundred and fifty other officers were captured in one part of the headquarters, another part held out. The Chief of the General Staff had got away, following Badoglio and the King, the night before.” Instead of trying to overcome Student’s couple of divisions, the Italian commanders hastened to withdraw out of reach, falling back eastward to Tivoli with their forces, and leaving their capital in the hands of the Germans.» (Hart, id., p.452-454).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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