§ 588. Greek Independence War (1)

19th century:
§588. Greek Independence War (1): IX-91.

IX-91:
The horrible pest of war shall devastate,
Perinthus and Nicopolis, Thessaly and Amphipolis.
The Peninsula and the Marcellus shall hold,
The unknown wrongs and the refusal of Anthony.


( L'horrible peste Perynte & Nicopolle,
Le Chersonnez tiendra & Marceloyne,
La Thessalie vastera l'Amphipolle,
Mal incogneu & le refus d'Anthoine.) (№ 10)

Keys to the reading:
The horrible pest of war: Peste, pestilence and pestifere in French occur 38 times in all in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, whose 31 examples indicate the disastrous social effects of war, only 2 in the medical sense (II-53 and VIII-84) and 5 cases in amphiboly.

shall devastate: The construction of the original verses 1-3 is as folllows: L'horrible peste vastera Perynte & Nicopolle, la Thessalie & l'Amphipolle, Le Chersonnez tiendra & Marceloyne [aussi]; « Macedonia, Thessaly, Epirus, Acarnania, Ætolia, the Peloponnesus, Eubœa, and the Archipelago had become battle-fields on which perished alternately tyrants and slaves.» (HH, XXIV, p.230)

The Peninsula: in capital initial means the Peloponnesus, the perpetual centre of the party of independence;« The proclamation and the emissaries of Ypsilanti had given to the Peloponnesus the signal for independence. The archbishop of Patras, Germanos, orator, pontiff, and warrior, had convened all the chiefs of the clergy in the caverns of the Erymanthus mountains to arrange with them the insurrection of all their churches.» (HH, XXIV, p.229)

the Marcellus: Marceloyne means of Marcellus in the sense of those of the family, and Marcellus originally means the child of Mars, the god of war. Therefore, in accompanying the Peloponnesus it may indicate the Greek soldiers in this war of independence. In fact, this term is not a deformation, as many interpreters pretend, of Macedonia. In this quatrain Macedonia doesn't hold, because one of its cities Amphipolis is said to be devastated, but the people and the soldiers of Macedonia and Greece in general hold to the end as if they were children of Mars.

The unknown wrongs: «The Peloponnesus was fire and blood, under the cross as under the crescent; three centuries of cumulative servitude were the revenge for three centuries of oppression. Europe shuddered with horror at the recital of atrocities. Two races, two nations, two religions grappled with each other, from the shores where the waves beat upon the islands to the summits of Pindarus and of Thessaly. Patras, Missolonghi were entombed under ruins.» (HH, XXIV, p.230)

the refusal of Anthony: « If the emperor Alexander, who after the invasion of France in 1814 had become the Agamemnon of the kings of Europe, had had the perfidy of Catherine II, Greece, provoked or even encouraged by him, would have long before arisen in rebellion against Sultan Mahmud. But the emperor Alexander refused obstinately to provoke or even tolerate revolt among the Greeks... The Greek revolution would enfeeble the theory of the sovereignty of a great empire, and that theory of the legitimacy of thrones which he was sincerely trying to make a political religion in Europe.» (HH, XXIV, p.229) The name Anthony (Anthoine) seems not to refer to the king of Navarre Anthony (1518-1562) because of the abundance of the Greek place-names in the quatrain, but to the ancient Roman general Mark Antony (ca. 85-30 B.C.), who governed the eastern provinces of Rome including Greece when he formed in 43 B.C. the second triumvirate with Octavian and Lepidus (HH, V, p.624). This circumstance of Mark Anthony may identify him with the emperor Alexander I, expected to be a protector of independent Greece as the Agamemnon of the kings of Europe.

Summary:
The horrible pest of war in Greece, launched in 1821 by the Greek insurrection signalized by Alexander Ypsilanti [1792-1828] against the Ottomans, who reply with most terrible measures, devastates Perinthus in Thrace, Nicopolis in Epirus, Thessaly and Amphipolis in Macedonia. But the Greek leaders in the Peloponnesus, the perpetual centre of the party of independence, the people and the soldiers of Greece in general hold to the end as if they were children of Mars. All over the battle-fields in Greece the unknown wrongs are commited under the cross as under the crescent. Europe shudders with horror at the recital of atrocities. Two races, two nations, two religions grappled with each other, from the shores where the waves beat upon the islands to the summits of Pindarus and of Thessaly. Patras, Missolonghi were entombed under ruins. If the Russian emperor Alexander I, who after the invasion of France in 1814 had become the Agamemnon of the kings of Europe, had had the perfidy of Catherine II, Greece, provoked or even encouraged by him, would have long before arisen in rebellion against Sultan Mahmud. But the emperor Alexander refused obstinately to provoke or even tolerate revolt among the Greeks... The Greek revolution would enfeeble the theory of the sovereignty of a great empire, and that theory of the legitimacy of thrones which he was sincerely trying to make a political religion in Europe.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.
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§ 589.Greek Independence War (2)

19th century:

§589. Greek Independence War (2): V-90.

 

V-90:
On the Cyclades, in Perinthus and Larissa,
At Sparta, all over the Pelloponnessus: 
Such great famine and pest by wrongs and fire, 
And the whole peninsula shall hold nine months.
 

( Dans les cyclades, en perinthe & larisse,
Dedans Sparte tout le Pelloponnesse: 
Si grand famine, peste, par faulx connisse, 
Neuf moys tiendra & tout le cherrouesse.
№ 9)                                                      

 

Keys to the reading:
Such great famine and pest: As peste, pestilence and pestifere in French occur 38 times in all in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, whose 31 examples indicate the disastrous social effects of war, only 2 in the medical sense (II-53 and VIII-84) and 5 cases in amphiboly (cf.§588), so faim, famine do 37 times, whose 26 cases refer to the disaster of war, and 11 examples in the sense of dearth;

 

wrongs: the original faulx is a synonym of mal (§588 IX-91);

 

fire: the original connisse, deriving from κονις in Greek, means dust, ashes, particularly those of the dead (Bailly), then it may connote lethal firing;

 

the whole peninsula: U and N being sometimes interchangeable in Nostradamus' style of spelling, the original cherrouesse means cherronesse (χερονησος), peninsula in Greek. Now, by this term the Greeks used to mean first the peninsula of Thrace (now of Gallipoli), secondly that of Taurida (now of Crimea), thirdly that which extends southward from Epidaurus and lastly that of Haemus (now the Balkans) (Bailly, Liddell and Scott and Pillon). But the second case is off the theme of the quatrain (Fontbrune's interpretation fails in a fully consistent analysis of the quatrain (1980, p.206)), and the three others are already referred to respectively by the mentions of Perinthus in Thrace, of the Pelloponnessus including Epidaurus and of Larissa in the Balkans. Therefore it may indicate the whole country of Greece mainly composed of several peninsulas except many islands (= the Cyclades);

 

the whole peninsula shall hold nine months: = the whole of Greece shall hold to the end of the independence war for nine years, starting in 1821 and ended in 1829. Here, the whole peninsula does not exclude the islands, because of the etymology of χερονησος composed of χερος (continental) and νησος (island) (Bailly). Moreover, the original cherrouesse, whose cher- indicates χερος (continental, firm, solid) and -rouesse may connote prouesse = prowess, exploit in French, is to be understood as the solid valour and exploit of the armed Greeks in coinciding with the expression: the Marcellus (Marceloyne) (§588, IX-91) = the valiant Greek soldiers as children of Mars, the god of war, who hold to the end in this war of independence;

 

Nine months: may be understood as nine years, as the other examples in Nostradamus suggest it. In fact, the quatrain VIII-93 twice says «seven months», which is the term of office of the presidency of the third French republic, namely seven years (septennate). It refers to President Loubet (1899-1906) and President Fallières (1906-1913), who are designated with the dictions «prelature» and «preture», both originally meaning «posted in front» (he who sits before = who presides = president) (Vignois, 1910, p.454). In it is mentioned also «the grand schism» and «the peaceful union near Venice», the former evidently refers to the Law separating Church and State in 1905, the latter to the secret treaty of understanding with Italy in 1902 (Ploetz, p.948). Vignois predicts in 1910, the year of the publication of this interpretation in his works on Nostradamus, that «as far as we interprete beforehand the Prophecies of Nostradamus, it is probable that President Fallières shall conserve his high function during the same lapse of time.» We have another example in the quatrain V-18, where it is depicted that the wall of Paris, besieged by Henry IV, shall fall on the seventh day, namely in the seventh year after its denial of the king of France in 1588. In reality, Paris occupied by the League shut out the king Henri III in 1588 and for the first time thereafter opened the gates to the king Henri IV, direct allied successor to Henri III, in 1594, which lapse of time the French used to count as seven years, starting with 1588 which is the first year and finishing with 1594 that is the seventh and last. And an encyclopedia of world history, particularly concerned with historical dating, describes as follows: «The independence war of Greece: 1821-1829» (Ploetz, p.1080), which means nine years in the French fashion. And the quatrain VII-15 (§212) will literally say: «For seven years the siege shall be laid in front of the city in the hands of the League under the controle of the master of the Milanese, i.e. Philip II: The greatest king shall make his entry into it. The city, then, free from his enemies.» 

       

Summary:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     On the Cyclades, in Thrace (Perinthus) and Thessaly (Larissa), at Sparta and all over the Pelloponnessus, such great disaster and calamity caused by grave wrongs and lethal firing. And with firmness and prowess the whole of Greece shall hold to the end of the independence war for nine years (1821-1829). This doesn't necessarily mean that the year 1829 is that of Greek Independence, which may be dated 1829 or 1830 according to the Protocol of London making Greece hereditary monarchy tributary to Turkey or to the Porte's recognition of the independence of Greece. Indeed, Nostradamus doesn't make explicit this point in the quatrain. 

© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.

§ 590.Greek Independence War (3)

19th century:
§590. Greek Independence War (3): VI-55.

VI-55:
The Duke shall wrest the promise of abandoning naval services against Greece from Ibrahim Pasha, allied with the Ottomans in Choumla,
When the Arabian fleet under Ibrahim shall appear to be defeated promptly.
Tripolitza in the hands of the French, the island of Chios and the inhabitants of Trebizond shall be of Turkey.
On the other hand, the Ottoman leader at Koulevtcha having been beaten by the Russians, the Black Sea and the city of Erzerum shall be devastated also by them.


(Au chalmé Duc en arrachant l'esponce,
Voille Arabesque voir, subit descouverte:
Tripolis Chio & ceulx de Trapesonce,
Duc prins Marnegro, & la cité deserte.)

Keys to the reading:
The Duke: duke = leader = the French admiral de Rigny on board the Siren engaged in the battle of Navarino (October, 1827).

Choumla: the original chalmé is an anagram of Choumla, mod. Choumen or Shumen in Bulgaria, i.e. chalmé ⇒chémla ⇒choumla. And the original au chalmé, composed of à (at, in, of or out of), le (the) and chalmé, may mean «out of the one in Choumla», i.e. «out of Ibrahim Pasha allied with Turkey», Choumla being of Turkey.

Trapesonce: = Trebizond.

the Ottoman leader: the grand vizir Reschid Pasha, the original duc meaning a leader.

Koulevtcha: mod. Provadiya (Pravody) between Varna and Shumen.

Summary:
The French admiral de Rigny shall wrest the promise of abandoning naval services against Greece from Ibrahim Pasha, allied with the Ottomans in Choumla, when the Arabian fleet under Ibrahim shall appear to be defeated promptly in Navarino (cf. Charléty, 1921, p. 268-269). «On this occasion (April, 1826) an agreement known as the St. Petersburg protocol was made between Russia and England by which the two powers entered into a mutual engagement to mediate a reconciliation between the Porte and the revolted Greeks. A year later, July, 1827, a triple alliance based on this protocol was formed between England, Russia, and France, and led to the battle of Navarino, in which the allied fleets defeated that of the Porte (October, 1827)» (HH, XIV, p.588). Tripolitza evacuated by Ibrahim, the whole Peloponnesus falls into the hands of the troops from France under the commandment of the French general Maison (October, 1828) (cf. Charléty, 1921, p. 359). The island of Chios, thoroughly plundered by Ottomans in 1822 and the inhabitants of Trebizond shall not stop to be of Turkey. On the other hand, the Ottoman leader at Koulevtcha, Reschid Pasha, having been beaten, on the 11th of June, 1828, by the Russians under Diebitsch, who marched across the Balkans for the first time, a feat which won him the name of Sabalkanski (Trans-Balkanski), Paskevitch took Erzerum in Asia and the fortresses of Anapa and Poti on the Black Sea were afforded to Russia by the Treaty of Adrianople signed September 14th, 1829 (HH, XVII, p.544-545)
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.

§ 591.Charles X abdicates in favor of the duke of Bordeaux

19th century:
§591. Charles X abdicates in favor of the duke of Bordeaux, the duke of Orleans missing his hope (1830): IV-45.

IV-45:
In the conflict against the liberal party the king Charles X shall abandon the sceptre to the duke of Bordeaux, his grandson.
The most reverend leader of the Bourbons, the duke of Orleans, shall miss the hope of the one in need.
The Swiss troops belonging to the king shall suffer mortal defeat, few of them escaping.
All of the legitimists in distress, the only one shall be the testifier of the event.


(Par conflit roy, regne abandonnera,
Le plus grand chef faillira au besoing:
Mors profligés peu en rechapera,
Tous destranchés, un en sera tesmoing.)

Keys to the reading:
The only one: the duke of Bordeaux.

destranchés: destrance, détresse (Godefroy).

Summary:
The Swiss troops belonging to the king suffered mortal defeat, few of them escaping (cf. HH, XIII, p.47). «Charles X had finally abdicated in favour of a child, the duke de Bordeaux. His was a strange destiny. He, whom the royalists called Henry V, was only to reign for one day and that at the age of ten ! The old king was convinced that the duke of Orleans had only accepted the "lieutenancy of the kingdom" for the purpose of re-establishing legitimate authority in the person of Henry V. The duke found himself in a difficult position between the revolutionists who had offered him a throne, and Charles X, to whom he owed so much ! Very opportunely, owing to an alarm raised in Paris, on the 3rd of August a little band of Parisians marched on Rambouillet. It was a strange jumble of national guards, volunteers, stutents with soldiers' belts over their black coats, workmen wearing helmets, many of them in omnibuses or cabs chartered for the occasion. This disorderly troop set out on a march of forty-five miles without victuals and quite unprepared for any emergency. At the same time the duke of Orleans sent Marshal Maison, Schonen, and Odilon Barrot to Rambouillet. He had given the Parisians to understand that Charles X mignt prove dangerous, and he warned Charles X that sixty thousand Parisians were marching against him, and that he had better provide for his safety. Thus he got rid of the old king. Charles X and his family were accompanied as far as Cherbourg by his cousin's three envoys. Thence he went into exile where the elder branch of the Bourbons was to die out. On the 9th of August, 1830, the duke of Orleans was solemnly proclaimed king under the name of Louis Philippe I, king of the French.» (HH, XIII, p.49-50). All of the legitimists in distress, the only one shall be the testifier of the event of usurpation; in fact, the duke of Bordeaux shall never give up his right to be the legitimate pretender to the throne as Henry V.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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