§ 617.Revolution of February

19th century:
§617. Louis Philip's reign and revolution of February (1830-1848): VIII-42.

VIII-42:
By avarice, by force and violence
Shall come to vex his subjects the chiefs of Orleans,
Near saint Memire assault and resistance.
Death in his tent, they shall say his sleeping there inside.


(Par avarice, par force & violence
Viendra vexer les siens chiefz d'Orleans,
Pres saint Memire assault & resistance.
Mort dans sa tante, diront qu'il dort leans.)

Keys to the reading:
The chiefs of Orleans: The king Louis-Philip and his princes. The verb Viendra is supposed to agree with the representative Louis-Philip;

saint Memire: the cloister, the street and the block of saint Merry in the center of Paris, Memire being the anagram of Merry (Merri) (Torné-Chavigny, 1860, p.73-74);

tante: = tente (tent);

leans: = léans = là dedans (Littré), there inside.

Summary:
By avarice, by force and violence shall come to vex his subjects the chiefs of Orleans: «The king Louis-Philip, notwithstanding his immense fortune, says Mr. Guy, always shew himself ready to renew, in favour of his children, these demands of appanages and endowments, each time rejected by the decency of the assemblies.» (Torné-Chavigny, id., p.71) «We have seen these words in the protestation of the national guard against the conduct pursued by Louis-Philip in the question of Orient: it is to be considered that, in the circumstances where we find ourselves, it is no less important to avoid, with the greatest care, to give to a power, slack on the outside, the occasion of showing itself brutal inside.» (id., p.72) «We read in Al. Dumas (II. 213): "The king declares that he will oppose, even by means of the force, the reformist banquet that should take place in the Champs-Elysées" on the 22nd of February 1848.» (id.)

The revolution of 1848: « Among the troops called out to defend the government, the municipal guards, then very unpopular, made a vigorous charge and several on the other side were wounded. The army began to hesitate. At one place the crowd awaited an attack crying, " The dragoons forever ! " The dragoons sheathed their swords. The govemment was afraid to call out the national guards, whom they mistrusted: wherever they were called out they cried, " Reform forever ! " and tried to interpose between the troops and the people. But though a storm was brewing it did not burst yet. The streets were crowded with an infuriated mob, demonstrations were continually taking place, and now and then there was a skirmish with the troops. That was all, so far, but the more enthusiastic among the republicans were making steady efforts to get the populace to rise.

The king slept that evening confident that nothing serious would happen [his sleeping there inside]. During the night the troops bivouacked in the silence of Paris beneath a rainy sky, and the cannon were fixed ready for use. The next morning (February 23rd) the troops, who had spent the night in the mud, were weary and discontented. Barricades had been hastily raised in all parts of the town. There was no desperate struggle like that of 1830. The barricades were attacked without much spirit and were soon deserted only to be reconstructed at a little distance. However - in the part where risings usually took place, in the populous heart of Paris - the battle raged more fiercely: the veterans of St. Merry were fighting against the municipal guard [Near saint Memire assault and resistance]. At the Tuileries no anxiety was felt: " What do you call barricades ? " said the king, "do you call an overturned cab a barricade ? " [his sleeping there inside] However, General Jacqueminot resolved on that day to call out the national guard.

During a reign which was virtually that of the bourgeoisie, the national guard, like the electoral body, consisted only of bourgeois. The governing class alone carried arms, just as they only were allowed to vote. Therefore in the elections previous to 1840 the national guard had been the faithful ally of the government. They had shown themselves no less energetic against the barricades of the first half of the reign than the rest of the troops. But times had changed and everyone was thoroughly sick of Guizot's policy. When the soldiers were called out, they assembled crying, " Reform forever ! " One regiment had inscribed this on its flag; another refused to cry " God save the king ! " A third sent a deputation to the Bourbon palace to try to overcome the resistance of the ministry. At another place when the municipal guards were going to charge the crowd, the national guard opposed them with their bayonets. When the news of all this reached the king at the Tuileries he was filled with surprise and grief. He realised that he had lost the allegiance of the national guard in which he had such absolute confidence, the men for whose sake he had governed !

He then made a first concession agreeing that Molé should form a ministry. It was not much of a concession, for the difference between Guizot and Molé was only a difference in mental capacity and the rivalry for power which existed between them. Besides Molé had already represented the personal policy of the king. The king liked him, and in calling him to the ministry he merely changed the surname of his minister. But there are times when, if a certain name has become universally hateful, such a change is sufficient to pacify the public. Besides Molé was obliged to choose his cabinet in a conciliatory spirit. Paris, delighted to think that the strife was at an end, put on a festive appearance; the streets were illuminated, and gay crowds filled the boulevards when a spark re-ignited the flame of faction.

Near the Madeleine, troops barred the way. A column of demonstrators wished to pass through, and, in accordance with the peaceable feelings just then prevailing in Paris, to fraternise with the soldiers. The officer in command gave the order to fix bayonets: a shot was fired - whether by the soldiers or by the crowd is not known. How many times in French history have such accidents, the source of which is wrapped in mystery, proved the cause of terrible bloodshed ! What sinister results may ensue from the chance which causes a gun to go off and, at the same time, gives the signal for a battle ! [Death in his tent]» (HH, XIII, p.81-82)
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.
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§ 618.Monarchy of July; Advent of Louis-Napoleon

19th century:
§618. Monarchy of July and Advent of Louis-Napoleon (1830; 1848; 1859): VI-16.

VI-16:
That which shall be carried away from the young Milve,
By the Normans of France & Picardy:
The king and the prince of the temple in the place of Negresilve
Shall lodge and fire in Lombardy.


(Ce que ravy sera du jeune Milve,
Par les Normans de France & Picardie:
Les noirs du temple du lieu de Negresilve
Feront aulberge & feu de Lombardie.)

Keys to the reading:
Ce que: = Ce qui;

Milve: Lat. mīluus, faucon (falcon, hawk) (TanakaH). Cf. §45,V-45: nez de milve (a nose of a falcon);

The young Milve: The young falcon named Milve = §602, IV-85: aubereau (= hobereau, a small falcon: ) = §601, IX-35: le Myrmidon (a child of miracle as a Myrmidon, a human being transformed from an ant) = the duke of Bordeaux born in 1820 (Torné-Chavigny, 1860, p.12-13) ;

the Normans of France & Picardy: the d'Orleans, whose domain of family is found at Eu, the only city of Normandy and Picardy (Torné-Chavigny, id.);

Les noirs: the kings. Cf. §602, IV-85: The white carbon of the black: the legitimate king (= the duke of Angoulême) of the king (= Charles X), Black (Noir) and Carbon (= Black) meaning King (Noir = an anagram of Roi leaving N) and White (= the white flag of the French royal family) the legitimacy (Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.257);

the temple: = mostly means France in Nostradamus (Torné-Chavigny, 1860, p.13). Cf. §635,VIII-53;

Negresilve: la Forêt-Noire (the Black Forest) (Torné-Chavigny, id., p.14). Cf. §45,V-45: silve: Silvestrie, forêt (Godefroy).

the place of Negresilve: Arenenberg in Thurgau, Switzerland, at the south shore of the lake of Untersee, source of the Rhine. This district is situated at the south-east border of the Black Forest.

The king of the temple (= of France) in the place of Negresilve: Louis-Napoleon, who named Arenenberg, where his mother, the exiled Hortense de Beauharnais, the daughter of ex-Empress Josephine and spouse of Louis Bonaparte, brother of Napoleon Ist, had bought her residence in 1817, his second fatherland (Torné-Chavigny, id., p.12);

aulberge: = auberge (inn), « l » being recovered sometimes in the 16th century by law clerks (basochiens), notwithstanding the finished transliteration of the « l » (cf. Italian « albergo » ) into the French « u » (cf. Lemesurier, 1997, p.101; Brunot & Bruneau, p.18-19). But it is more true that the word auberge comes from héberger (to lodge, to camp, in speaking of an army) (Bloch & Wartburg).

Summary:
The reign of France having been carried away from a child named Milve (hawk) by the d'Orleans, whose domain of family is found at Eu, the only city of Normandy and Picardy, the new sovereign Louis-Napoleon with his prince, who named Arenenberg near the Black Forest, where was his private domain while in exile, his second fatherland, shall lodge his expedition in Lombardy and fire there, in order to support the unification movement of Italy conducted by Sardinia (cf. §619, IX-5).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.

§ 619.Louis-Napoleon, a second Bonaparte

19th century:
§619. Louis-Napoleon, a second Bonaparte (1852-1861): IX-5.

IX-5:
The third toe of the foot shall resemble the big:
To a new monarch high from beneath,
Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca Turin,
And correct the default of his precedent.


(Tiers doit du pied au premier semblera:
A un nouveau monarque de bas hault
Qui Pyse & Lucques Tyram occupera
Du precedant corriger le default.)

Keys to the reading:
The third toe of the foot: Louis-Napoleon (1808-1873), Napoleon III, the foot representing a family of mere citizens;

the big: = the big or great toe = Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Napoleon I, the second toe being to be identified with his son Napoleon François Charles Joseph (1811-1832), Napoleon II;

Pisa and Lucca: These indicate the grand duchy of Tuscany, Lucca being incorporated in it in 1847 (Duby, 2008, p.168).

Turin: The capital of the kingdom of Sardinia, then of unified Italy in 1861.

Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca Turin: The grammatical irregularity of the verse indicates a congregation of three sentences: a) Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca; b) Turin shall occupy Pisa and Lucca; and c) Who shall occupy Turin.

a) Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca: This signifies, with b), the occupation of Tuscany and its incorporation in the kingdom of Sadinia by Cavour (1810-1861) allied with Napoleon III against Austria, its real existent ruler;

b) Turin shall occupy Pisa and Lucca: This signifies, with a), the occupation of Tuscany and its incorporation in the kingdom of Sardinia by Cavour, its dominant leader allied with Napoleon III;

c) Who shall occupy Turin: This signifies the dominancy of Napoleon III over Cavour;

his precedent: = Napoleon I, according to the verse 1.

correct the default of his precedent: «He [Napoleon the third] shall wage war in Italy, but to correct the failure of his uncle. He shall say: " The Empire, it is the peace. " » (Nicoullaud, 1914, p.194).

Summary:
Louis-Napoleon, Napoleon III [the third toe of the foot], resembles Napoleon I, the great toe of the family, in pursuing a rapid and remarkable promotion in their political life, starting with a mere citizen to attain the imperial supremacy.

Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca Turin: « As Russia was pressing on Turkey, so Austria was pressing on Italy. She had played an equivocal part during the Crimean War [1853-1856], whilst the kingdom of Sardinia, the only independent and constitutional state in Italy, had not feared to join her young army to the Anglo-French troops. This circumstance had made France the natural protectress of Piedmont, and by consequence of Italy, of which this little kingdom was the last citadel. Thus when the emperor of Austria, Francis Joseph, in defiance of European diplomacy, passed the Ticino as the emperor Nicholas had passed the Pruth, France once more found herself face to face with this new aggressor and on the side of the oppressed. In this war the emperor Napoleon resumed the secular policy of France, which consists in not suffering the preponderance of Austria or Germany in Italy - that is to say, on the French southeastern frontier. A French army reappeared on that soil where three centuries before the arms of France had left so many glorious traces. Europe looked on with keen attention; England as a well-wisher, Russia and Prussia amazed. Austria and France were left alone facing each other. The war lasted scarcely two months.

« After the brilliant affair of Montebello, which defeated an attempted surprise on the part of the Austrians, the Franco-Piedmontese army concentrated round Alessandria; then by a bold and skilful movement turned the right of the Austrians, who had already passed the Ticino, and compelled them to recross that river. Caught between the army corps of General MacMahon and the guard at Magenta, the Austrians lost 7,000 killed or wounded and 8,000 prisoners (June 4th [1859]). Two days later the French regiments entered Milan. The enemy, astounded at so rude a shock, abandoned his first line of defence, where, however, he had long been accumulating powerful means of action and resistance. He retired on the Adda, after vainly making a momentary stand at the already famous town of Marignano and on the Mincio, behind the illustrious plains of Castiglione and between the two fortresses of Peschiera and Mantua; then he took up his position, backed by the great city of Verona as an impregnable base. The emperor of Austria, with a new general and considerable reinforcements, had arrived there to await the French army.

« The Austrians had long studied this battlefield; there were 160,000 of them ranged on the heights with their centre at the village and tower of Solferino, and ready to descend on the French in the plain. Napoleon III had scarcely 140,000 men available, and was obliged to fight on a line extending over five leagues. Whilst the right wing was struggling against the enemy in the plain in order to prevent itself from being turned, and King Victor Emmanuel with his Piedmontese was bravely resisting on the left, the centre delivered a vigorous attack, and after a heroic struggle successively carried Mount Fenile, the mount of the cypresses, and finally the village of Solferino. The enemy's line was broken; his reserves, before they could come into action, were attained by the balls from the new rifled cannon of the French. All fled in frightful confusion; but a fearful storm, accompanied by hail and torrents of rain, stopped the victors and permitted the Austrians to recross the Mincio; they left twenty-five thousand men put out of action. In the evening the emperor Napoleon took up his headquarters in the very room which Francis Joseph had occupied in the morning (June 24th). Twice a conqueror, the emperor suddenly offered peace to his enemy. Italy was freed, although a portion of Italian territory, namely Venetia, still remained in the hands of Austria.

« Europe, bewildered by these rapid victories, allowed her awakening jealousy to appear. The emperor thought he had done enough for Italy by pushing Austria, so recently established on the banks of the Ticino, back behind the Mincio, and at Villafranca he signed with Francis Joseph a peace, the principal conditions of which were confirmed at the end of the year by the Treaty of Zurich. By this peace Austria resigned Lombardy, which France added to Piedmont that she might make for herself a faithful ally beyond the Alps. The Mincio became the boundary of Austria in the peninsula, where the various states were to form a great confederation under the presidency of the pope. But all those concerned rejected this plan, and the revolutionary movement continued. The emperor confined himself to preventing Austria from intervening. Then those governments of Parma, Modena, the Roman legations, Tuscany and Naples, which ever since 1814 had been merely lieutenants of Austria, were seen to fall to pieces successively, and Italy, minus Venice and Rome, was about to form a single kingdom, when the emperor thought himself called upon to take a precaution necessary to the security of France; he claimed the price of the assistance he had given and by the Treaty of Turin, March 24th, 1860, obtained the cession to himself of Savoy and the county of Nice, which added three departments to France and carried her southern frontier to the summit of the Alps.» (HH, XIII, p.135-137).

And correct the default of his precedent: « For the first time since 1815 France, not by force and surprise but as the result of a great service rendered to a friendly nation, by pacific agreement, and according to the solemn vote of the inhabitants, had overstepped the limits traced round her at the period of her reverses. Europe dared not protest.» (HH, XIII, p.137).

Discussion:
Le Pelletier (I, p.280), followed by Ionescu (1976, p.364), interprets the verse 2 as follows: « This prince [Louis-Napoleon], the same as he who shall have directed in his youth (in 1831) the revolutionary movement of Tuscany (Pisa and Lucca)...».

But, this is not pertinent to the verse, for in 1831 Lucca is not yet annexed to Tuscany. And his citation of a history runs as follows: « Louis Bonaparte was in Florence with his elder brother Charles Bonaparte, in 1831, when burst the troubles of Romagna. He armed hastily a corps of Italian partisans, and, provided with a cannon that he himself had adjusted, ran into the pontifical states in order to seize Civita-Castellana», but he did not succeed in his enterprise (Gallix and Guy, 1853, p.26).

So, this history does not agree with the verse to the effect that: Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca. In fact he did not try to seize Tuscany (Pisa and Lucca), but to seize Civita-Castellana in the pontifical states, and he was in Tuscany (Florence) and did not occupy it.

Moreover, according to Le Pelletier and Ionescu, Tyram means tyran (tyrant), but their text: « Qui Pyse et Luques tyran occupera (Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca tyrant) » cannot signify anything reasonable ! And we may refer to the statistics of the uses of the words: Turin and tyran[t] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus.

Turin in its 8 examples in all is always thus spelled, with the capital initial, and 6 of them have with them other Italian cities, such as Verseil, Foussan, Ferrare, Pise, Ast, Savone, Milan, etc. The other 2 examples have a preposition of place, such as à (at) or dedans (within).

The tyran[t] in its 7 usages of 10 in all has such an orthography with the definite article in masculine singular and one in the plural has an adjective in the plural (II-16), and one of the other 2 examples at the biginning of a sentence is Tyran (IV-55), another Tiran (VIII-90), these being to be considered in its context as a common noun: tyrant.

But, the word Tyram, unique in the Prophecies, with its two precedents: Pisa and Lucca, is most likely to be the name of an Italian city, Turin.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.

§ 620.Napoleon I, Napoleon II and Napoleon III

19th century:
§620. Napoleon I, Napoleon II (1811-1832) and Napoleon III: VIII-32.

VIII-32:
Beware of your nephew, King of Gaul,
Who shall do so much whilst your unique son
Shall be bruised by making a vow to Venus,
Being accompanied with the night only nine in number.


(Garde toy roy Gaulois de ton nepveu
Qui fera tant que ton unique filz.
Sera meurtry à Venus faisant vœu,
Accompaigné de nuict que trois & six.)

Keys to the reading:
your nephew: Charles-Louis-Napoleon (1808-1873), Napoleon III, son of Louis Bonaparte (1778-1846), younger brother of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821);

King of Gaul: Napoleon I, the other two mentions of King of Gaul (II-69, IV-54) referring to the same;

whilst: The French que (verse 2) is a conjunction of time (while, whilst);

your unique son: Napoleon François Charles Joseph (1811-1832), Napoleon II. «According to the Memorial of St. Helena, Napoleon had several children, but he recognized only one of them, his legitimate child» (Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.175);

bruised (meurtry): meurtry in its 31 usages in the Prophecies having three different senses, the first is murdered (21 times), the second hurt (once in IV-69) and the third bruised (9 times including this case);

only: The French que (verse 4) is a conjunction of emphasis (only, but);

trois & six: 3 + 6 = 9;

nuict que trois & six: the night only nine in number, signifing «a very short time» (Torné-Chavigny, id.);

Shall be bruised by making a vow to Venus, Being accompanied with the night only nine in number: He abandoned himself to sensual and social pleasures (the night) only for a while to have realized his true aspiration of politico-military nature bequeathed him by his heroic father.

Summary:
The duke of Reichstadt: « The July revolution of 1830 by expelling the Bourbons from the throne of France had not failed to revive a party whose interests were bound up with the Napoleonic dynasty represented by Napoleon's young son, once king of Rome, now duke of Reichstadt, who had been brought up at the court of his grandfather the Austrian emperor. The Bonapartist schemes increased in cunning in proportion to the condemnation with which they were viewed by public opinion and in official circles. As the direct and more open way did not lead to the desired goal, the schemers engageed in the devious and intriguing ways of secrecy. The Austrian cabinet having refused to surrender the duke of Reichstadt to the apostles of the Empire, they endeavoured more boldly and imprudently to allure him away and abduct him. He was constantly found surrounded by prowling individuals who had never belonged to his entourage before; he was ever more and more urgently pressed to escape to France or Italy with the help of the agents and to place himself at the head of an adventurous enterprise.

« There is no doubt that ambitious and daring members of the Bonaparte family secretly held the threads of this intrigue. The most venturesome was the countess Napoleone Camerata, niece of the emperor Napoleon, daughter of his eldest sister, the princess Elisa Bacciochi. She, of all the relations of the emperor, most resembled him in features and in her whole nature. She possessed the most fabulously lively fancy, she was energy itself; she was also a past mistress of manly accomplishments, such as riding and the handling of weapons. Weary of her weak and sanctimonious husband, for a long time she led a restless, wandering life until the July revolution, reviving dynastic hopes, induced her to go to Vienna. There she took up her quarters for several weeks in the Karnthner Strasse, and endeavoured by means of a secret correspondence to rouse her cousin, the duke of Reichstadt. She begged him not to act as an Austrian archduke, but rather as a French prince and a man. She adjured him in memory of the terrible torments to which the European sovereigns had condemned his father, in consideration of the long death agony of the exile, by which he was made to expiate the crime of having acted too magnanimously towards them, to bear in mind that he was his son, and that his father's dying gaze had been fixed upon his portrait.

« The duke of Reichstadt did not enter into all these challenges, on the contrary he kept to the following statement: " I cannot return to France as an adventurer! Let the nation elect me and I will find means to succeed." But in his soul he suffered real torture, the outward signs of which were visible to all his entourage, but the nature of which was only partially revealed to two persons, the prince of Dietrichstein and Prokesch von Osten. To the former the duke turned of his own free will in order to take counsel with him, the well-known, unbounded admirer of Napoleon, and to receive comfort from him in his heart's distress.» (HH, XIV, p.589-590)

« Prokesch von Osten found the duke at this time, " sad, thoughtful, and distrait.'' He often noticed in the middle of a conversation " that under the appearance of outward calm he was a prey to a continual inward agitation of extraordinary violence. The inclination to seclude himself from everyone, and to treat the outer world with distrust and bitter prejudice became more and more apparent in the duke. He conversed often exhaustively with Prokesch concerning the future of France; and expressed his conviction that she would henceforth be subjected to great changes which would powerfully affect Europe. The warlike preparations occasioned in Austria as well as everywhere else by the July revolution, formed another topic of conversation. The duke betrayed a passionate desire, should war really break out, to take an active part in it. " But," he said to Prokesch, " to take part in an offensive war against France! How could I do it, what would everyone think of me? " He added, with evident pain, " I would take up arms only should France attack Austria." But immediately after seized by fresh doubts he continued in a troubled voice, "And yet no! my father's will clearly lays down my duty, and this command shall guide my actions throughout my life." He was referring to the words of the testament of April 15, 1821: " I command my son never to forget that he was born a French prince, he shall never fight against France in any way or do her an injury."» (HH, XIV, p.590-591)

« In the meanwhile the outward condition of the prince reached a crisis. Since the July revolution, he had had no more ardent wish, than to be able to rejoin his regiment in Prague. Did he then find Vienna such a gloomy place ? Was he more oppressed than ever by the feeling of unbearable dependence at a time of such powerful excitement ? And did he really believe, as he frankly confessed to Baron Prokesch, that in that desired change lay the way to his emancipation, the means of attaining at last the complete exercise of his will ? Not only Prokesch, however, but Metternich and even the emperor, looked upon such a change of condition in those disturbed times as a false kind of emancipation. Even if at first they had hesitated to carry out the earlier plan, it was certain that at the beginning of September, since Louis Philippe had been recognised, it had already been determined that Napoleon's son should not return to his garrison, but should spend the next winter and perhap longer still in Vienna. In order to compensate him for his disappointed hopes, he was in November raised to the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the infantry regiment of Nassau.» (HH, XIV, p.591)

Shall be bruised by making a vow to Venus, Being accompanied with but three and six nights :« At the same time efforts were made to win him from his brooding by means of all kinds of distractions. He was allowed to witness in the second half of September the brilliant ceremonies and festivities in Presburg, which accompanied the coronation of the heir to the Austrian throne as king of Hungary. He was purposely drawn into all the pleasures, assemblies and halls at court, where he was — especially among the fair sex — the object of universal attention and sympathy, and where his wit, his facility in expressing himself, the vivacity of his repartees, the elegance of his dress and manners, the charm of his tall person and the beauty of his features insured him considerable success. Judging from contemporary portraits, his face was rather round than oval, with a very prominent nose and pouting underlip; the forehead was open and high, the cheeks somewhat hollow, thoughtful eyes looked out from beneath the curly, carefully parted hair, and increased the interest awakened by his appearance. At last he was given the entrée into diplomatic circles, for the first time on January 25th, 1831, when he appeared at a social gathering at the residence of Lord Cowley the English ambassador. This was for him a kind of turning point in his life. It is true that no distraction had the power to dispel his sadness. In spite of the good will with which he was welcomed in diplomatic circles, and the charm this intercourse possessed for him, it nevertheless left him depressed. He railed at the parties as being " dreary and painful." » (HH, XIV, p.591)

His true desire : « His meeting with Marshal Marmont was evidently very beneficial to him; the former had sought a refuge in Vienna after his sad defence of Charles X in the streets of Paris and had been there since November. They first met at that gathering at Lord Cowley's and out of this grew more intimate intercourse. Mettemich sanctioned this in the name of the emperor on one condition: that the marshal should tell the duke the whole truth without concealing either good or evil from him. Marshal Maison, the accredited ambassador of Louis Philippe, obtained an introduction to the duke who tactfully received him with these words: " You were a distinguished general under my father, that is at the present moment the only circumstance which is at present in my mind." It is evident that the duke was and consciously remained, in spite of all attacks, only the son and heir of Napoleon. Another excitement, the most powerful of all, was in store for him; when in February, 1831, the revolutionary movement in Italy came to a head and in the first rush his mother's government in Parma was swept away. His cousins, Napoleon Louis [1804-1831] and Louis Napoleon [1808-1873], unconcerned about this Austrian archduchess threw themselves into the movement in that adventurous way [Who shall do so much] which was so repugnant to him, grew enthusiastic over liberty, in order to make capital out of it as a power, and to dare everything in order to turn popedom upside down, convinced that the ruins of overturned worlds was the surest cement of Napoleonic throne building — the duke of Reichstadt, however, was impelled by quite opposite feelings and convictions. In Marie Louise he only saw his mother, and the wife of Napoleon; and in the duchy of Parma the last remnant of Napoleonic dominion, which ought not to be allowed to perish. He felt impelled on this account to take the field in defence of his mother and against the Italian revolution, not as the leader of a troop, however, but at the head of a European army. The idea seized him like an electric shock. He hurried to the emperor Francis in order to win his consent. He beseeched him with prayers, he conjured him with tears; but in vain, his request was denied. Prokesch testifies that the prince had never been more excited; his imagination revelled in a thirst for war; he seemed tortured by an ever increasing fever, and incapable of settling down to any work. When he gave vent to his torments in words, in moments of greater confidence, it was always to complain that the " first opportunity " of distinguishing himself had been taken from him; that nothing could have been more honourable for him than to draw his sword for the first time in the interest of his mother and to punish those who had dared to insult and threaten her. Full of anguish, he wrote to his mother: " For the first time it has been painful to me to obey the emperor." And as Prokesch cheerily advised him to perfect himself first by further studies, he exclaimed angrily: "Time is too short! it marches forward too rapidly to waste it on a work of preparations! Has not the moment for action evidently come? " Austria's intervention damped the feverish ardour of Italy and that of the duke of Reichstadt. But two sparks glimmered among the ashes in the latter. The result of one of these was a constant vehemence and want of consideration in speech which aimed at making an impression and gloried in it; the result of the other was a thirst for achievement which led him to take up the military career with a zeal that would brook no curb. The first we take more particularly from a description by a foreign diplomat: ''The duke of Reichstadt, who lives at the court of his grandfather and in the bosom of the imperial family, as soon as he had completed his twentieth year took up a more and more independent and public position. Endowed with a very favourable outward appearance, full of spirit and fire, filled with the military glory of his father, rather lively than thoughtful or circumspect, he seems to regard the impression he makes, especially on strangers, with anything but displeasure."

« The emperor was very willing to encourage the military ardour of the duke. But the idea of allowing him to live elsewhere than in Vienna was now entirely given up. When he entered his twenty-first year he was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the Hungarian infantry regiment, Ignaz Ginlay, on garrison duty in Vienna. On June 14th, he entered active military service and at the same time he was drawn into a military circle. By this circumstance the whole of his entourage was changed; his head tutor, Count Dietrichstein, and his former tutors left him; and General Count Hartmann von Klarstein, a man of science and culture and a deserving officer, and captains von Moll and Standeiski were appointed in their place.

« The duke had now obtained what he longed for: standing on the threshold of a career whose vastness seemed incalculable, he did not dream that he was really at the entrance of the valley of shadows.» (HH, XIV, p.592-593)
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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