§714

19th century:

§714 The foundation of the Basilica of Montmartre (1873-1919): IX-87.

 

IX-87:

By means of the filled up quarry of tufa,

In the deserted place shall be founded the temple,

The duke of Estampes by his invented ruse,

Shall give an advanced example of the mount Lehori.

(Par la forest du Touphon effarree,

Par hermitaige sera posé le temple,

Le duc d'Estampes par sa ruse inventee,

Du mont Lehori prelat donra exemple.)

 

NOTES: Vignois (1910, p.344) gives us a reasonable solution: « In 1873, they commenced the construction of the basilica of the Sacré Cœur [the temple] upon the rarely frequented plateau of Montmartre. Its foundations were masoned in the profound wells which had been hollowed out vertically down to the solid ground through the gypsum quarry [quarry of tufa] of the knoll. These wells recall the oubliettes whose inventor was the ruse King Louis XI [the duke of Estampes] who left its model [example] in the castle of Montlhéry [le mont Lehori].».

Forest: = Ouverture (opening) (Vignois, id.); = Lat. « foratus, m. piercing, boring » (TanakaH).

Touphon: « In Greek τοφιών, carrière (quarry), plâtrière (gypsum quarry).» (Vignois, id.), the capital initial T suggesting the proper name of Montmartre: « Montmartre, a village of France (Seine) on an eminent hill called la Butte-Montmartre (the Montmartre Heights), whence one can command a view of the capital in its entire extension… They exploit there a number of gypsum quarries.» (MacCarthy).

Effarrer: From the Latin effarciō: « effarciō → efferciō;  efferciō (de farcio) bourrer (to stuff), remplir (to fill).» (Nimmo).

Hermitaige: = « Ermitage (hermitage).» (Dubois).

The duke of Estampes: = Louis XI: « Louis XI procured the county of Estampes which François I set up as a duchy.» (Vignois, id.).

Prelat: « advanced » (Vignois, id.).

Donra: = donnera (Vignois, id.).

Du mont Lehori prelat donra exemple: = [Il] donra exemple prelat du mont Lehori ( He shall give an advanced example of the mount Lehori).

donnera (Vignois, id.).

A subscription for the Church of Sacré Cœur: « A subscription was opened since 1870, with the benediction of the pope, to construct a church consecrated to the Sacré-Cœur on the summit of the Montmartre Heights, where the founder of the Company of Jesus, Loyola, had joined together his first companions.» (Seignobos, 1921b, p.364).

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§715

19th century:

§715 Resignation of President MacMahon (1879.1.30): IV-72.

 

IV-72:

The counselors by the Orleanists and the Legitimists,

At St.-Félix shall make their Parliament:

Those of touchstone shall come to their disfavor,

To seize the amnesty and the military personnel promptly.

 

(Les Artomiques par Agen & l'Estore,

A sainct Felix feront leur parlement:

Ceulx de Basas viendront à la mal' heure,

Saisir Condon & Marsan promptement.)

 

NOTES: Vignois (1910, p.385) gives us a sophisticated solution in applying the method of Torné-Chavigny who sees sometimes common usages in the proper names: e.g. Monech (Monaco) for moine (monk) (Torné-Chavigny, 1862, p.56); Nice for victoire (victory) (Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.58), etc.

Les Artomiques: = the Greek ἀρθῆναι (to be cleared) + ὁμἰχλη (mist, fog, obscurity) (Bailly; Liddell & Scott) = oneiromancy (interpretation of dreams) = the counselors of a monarch (Vignois, id.) = the duke of Broglie, chief of the Cabinet and the Orleanist chiefs supporting President MacMahon followed by the Orleanist majority of the Bordeaux Assembly, who saw the tide in favor of the Tricolor.

Agen: in Lot-et-Garonne = agens (agents) (Vignois, id.) = the Republicans, altough Vignois attributes it to the Bonapartists.

l'Estore: = Lectoure (Gers) = the Latin lecto (in the bed) (Vignois, id.) = the Legitimists dreaming of the White Standard, although Vignois attributes it to the Orleanists.

Sainct Felix: = Saint-Félix of Caraman = Saint-Félix-Lauragais (Haute-Garonne): MacMahon was “of Caraman” by his mother (Vignois, id.).

Basas: = Bazas (Gironde) = in Greek βἀσανος (touchstone); Ceulx de Basas: Those of touchstone = the Radicals (Vignois, id.).

Condon: =  Condom (Gers) suggesting the Latin word condono (to forgive, to pardon) (Vignois, id.).

Marsan: = Mont-de-Marsan (Landes) leading to Martii mons (the mountain of Mars) = the supreme commandment of the Army (Vignois, id.).

The counselors by the Orleanists and the Legitimists, At St.-Félix shall make their Parliament: « The Orleanist chiefs could not want the return of a king accustomed to see in them his adversaries, irresistibly disposed to keep them off the power and prefer his legitimist partisans to them. They kept to the parliamentary regime and to the Tricolor [make their Parliament], and could not but dread a Prince avowedly devoted to the personal government and to the white standard. The duke of Broglie, president of the Council, and Buffet, president of the Assembly [the councelors], appealed to their functions to keep off… In case of the failure, the Orleanist chiefs had their solution ready, the prolongation of the powers of the Marshal MacMahon [At St.-Félix], under a provisory regime which should reserve their future.» (Seignobos, 1921b, p.366).

« The Orleanist chiefs were prepared for the failure of the restoration, and probably they desired it; they at once took their measures to keep indefinitely the provisory regime and the government of the conservative party… There remained none other but the solution prepared by de Broglie, a prolongation of the powers of MacMahon, sufficiently long to combat with authority against the radicals [those of touchstone]… But, the hazard gave the majority of 8 against 7  to the republicans in the allotment of bureau of the commission. The Left Center declared itself ready to extend the Presidency, but “ in tying tight the law of prolongation to the prompt organization of the Public Powers.” The prolongation, instead of perpetuating the provisory, would serve to found the Republic.» (Seignobos, id., p.375-376).

« The commission, modifying the proposition, reduced the prolongation to five years starting from the next legislation, and created a commission of 30 members nominated in the bureau to examine constitutional laws. The report, drafted by Laboulaye, of the Left Center, admirer of the United States, declared in favor of the Republic: “ It is by virtue of the monarchy that you desired to obtain a constitutional government. The monarchy has subsided, but, this government you desired, we believe that you can have it no less surely under the republican form. There is no other solution today.”» (Seignobos, 1921b, p.376-377).

« The government accepted a compromise: the prolongation of the powers for seven years starting from the vote of the law, with the title of President of the Republic, and a commission of 30 members, but elected by voting for candidates on a party list, so as to secure a monarchical majority. These concessions, presented as counter-project by the minority of the commission were announced to the Assembly by a message (November 17th) that demanded the immediate vote as mark of confidence. In the public discussion (November 18th-19th), the appeal to the people was rejected by 492 votes against 38, and the counter-project voted by 383 votes against 317; a part of the Left Center [Agen], to consolidate the Republic, voted with the Rights [les Artomiques]. The extreme Right [l’Estore], after a discourse of Broglie who promised the neutrality, voted the prolongation, except 7 members who abstained. The duration of seven years, the septennate, became a constitutional law that could be modified no more by the ordinary legislative procedure. This law remains the first foundation of the actual Constitution of France [as of 1921]. As a work of a monarchic majority, it gives the President a duration of powers longer than in any other Republic of the world.» (Seignobos, id., p.377)

Those of touchstone shall come to their disfavor, To seize the amnesty and the military personnel promptly: The Radicals shall come to their disfavor to realise a general amnesty for the Communards and their policy about the higher commandments of the Army (cf. Vignois, id.).

Designation of MacMahon: On the 30th of January 1879, under the pressure of the Republican majority of the Chamber, of the Senate and of the Ministry after the election of the Senate of January 5th, President MacMahon abandoned his post before the end of his septennate because of his refusal of removing the conservative generals of the Army to which he remained attached emotionally to the last (cf. Seignobos, 1921c, p. 51-51).

President Grévy: « On the 28th of January, 1879, MacMahon, finding himself unable to agree with his ministers and hopeless of forming a new ministry conformable to his views, resigned and in his last acts conducted himself with such dignity as to wring even from Zevort this commendation: " From the beginning of the governmental crisis the marshal had conducted himself as a man of honour, and preserved an attitude the most correct and most deserving of respect, and employed the simplest and most becoming language. From the moment that the politician had vanished, the honest man, the good citizen, the successful soldier had reappeared, and the lofty dignity of his retreat made men forget the errors for which he was only half responsible." What part Gambetta acted in the crisis of January, 1879, when MacMahon's ministry fell, it is difficult to decide. At the critical juncture he appears to have absented himself from Paris. He abstained from speaking in the debate on the policy of the ministry, neither did he vote in the final division. There is every reason to believe that, had he willed, he might have contested the presidency of the republic successfully. But he waived his claims in favour of Jules Grévy, who was elected president on the 30th of January, 1879, by 536 votes against 99 for General Chanzy, Gambetta becoming president of the chamber and Waddington the prime minister.» (HH, XIII, p.192).

Amnesty of the Communards: A partial amnesty in April 1879 and a general one in July 1879 (cf. Seignobos, 1921c, p. 60; p.70).

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§716

19th century:

§716 Prince imperial dead; Switzerland in religious conflict (1847-1890): IV-9.

 

IV-9:

The chief of the camp in the middle of the throng

Shall be hurt in the thigh by a stroke of arrows,

When Geneva in tears and depression

Shall be betrayed by Lausanne and Switzerland.

(Le chef du camp au milieu de la presse

D'un coup de fleche sera blessé aux cuisses,

Lors que Geneve en larmes & detresse

Sera trahie par Lozan & Souysses.)

 

NOTES: Vignois (1910, p.393) presents us with a most probable solution: « In the war of Zoulouland, the Prince imperial was reconnoitering on June 1st, 1879, with a small number of English soldiers, in company with the lieutenant Carey. During their halt, when the cavaliers descended on the ground, the Zoulous hiding in the tall grasses assaulted them abruptly with their assagais: in the middle of the agitation of the soldiers hurrying to flee, the Prince was wounded with a stroke of arrow that prevented him from following his companions and eluding the strikes of arrows which killed him. It was in these days that Geneva, in tears because of the wrongs made to its Church, and deprived of Mgr. Mermillod, the bishop the Pope Pius IX had given to it, was victim of the treason of the Swiss federal Council that pretended to support the rights of the bishopric of Lausanne.»

The chief of the camp: = The Prince imperial Napoléon-Eugène-Louis-Jean-Joseph Bonaparte = the young prince (§702, VI-3).

Shall be hurt by a stroke of arrows: « The Empress Eugénie, then, settled with his son in Chislehurst (England). Napoleon III, having been granted liberty by Germany after the conclusion of peace, rejoined the Empress and his son in this city where he died on January 9th 1873. The prince imperial, having been in Zoulouland [South Africa] to serve England, died on June 1st 1879 in Ulundi, aged 23, shot with assagais by a band of Zoulous.» (Muel, 1895, p.331-332, note 1).

When Geneva in tears and depression Shall be betrayed by Lausanne and Switzerland: = When Geneva shall be in tears and depression, [having been] betrayed by Lausanne and Switzerland = (When the Catholics of Geneva shall be disappointed of their hope of instituting a see of bishop disavowed by the federal authority that shall thereafter approve the see of Lausanne.): « Even more important were the consequences of the religious conflicts. The calling of Doctor Strauss from Würtemberg to the University at Zurich in 1839 roused the rural population to arms and caused the fall of the liberal government at Zurich; this did not again secure supremacy till 1845. More significant was the question of the convents. In a conference at Baden in 1834 seven cantons had determined upon the subjection of the church to the authority of the state and the employment of the convents for purposes of general usefulness. Most violent was the quarrel over this matter in the canton Aargau, whose radical government finally, in 1841, closed all the convents, among others the wealthy one of Muri, and took possession of the property for “ purpose of instruction and benevolence.” Among the bigoted Catholics there was great excitement over this. It led to a victory of the ultramontane party in Lucerne and Valais in 1844. This party called the Jesuits to Lucerne to take charge of the instruction of youth. In this affair the wealthy farmer Joseph Leu and Sigwart Müller showed themselves especially active. The Jesuits had also established themselves in Fribourg and Schwys. To expel them from Switzerland was the aim of all the liberal cantons. The expedition of the free lances (Freischaren) of 1845 under the leadership of Ochsenbein of Bern met with failure. The government of Lucerne, still more embittered by the murder of Leu, assumed a terrorising attitude, demanded the punishment of the free lances, and restoration of the convents of the Aargau; and when no attention was paid to these demands concluded with Schwys, Uri, Unterwalden, Zug, Fribourg, and Valais a separate league (Sonderbund) for mutual protection against external and internal enemies. This league within a league was not to be endured; and, since the liberal cantons were in the majority, they decided at the diet in Bern, in July, 1847, upon the dissolution of the Sonderbund, as being contrary to the Pact of Federation (Bundesvertrag) and upon the expulsion of the Jesuits. As the fanatics of Lucerne failed to obey the diet, orders were given for federal action against the cantons of the Sonderbund. The federal army was mustered in and the experienced general Dufour of Geneva was placed at its head… Dufour set five divisions of his army on the march from the various points they occupied, giving them Lucerne as object... Twenty-five days after the decree of execution the task of the army was complete — the Sonderbund no longer existed. The diet now debated the draft constitution drawn up by Kern of Thurgau and Druey of Vaud, which in the summer of 1848 was accepted by fifteen and a half cantons, the minority consisting of the three forest cantons, Valais, Zug,Ticino,and Appenzell (Tuner Rhodes), and it was proclaimed on September 12th.» (HH, XVII, p.38-43).

« From 1848 onwards the cantons continually revised their constitutions, always in a democratic sense, though after the Sonderbund War Schwys and Zug abolished their Landsgemeinde. The chief point was the introduction of the referendum, by which laws made by the cantonal legislature may (facultative referendum) or must (obligatory referendum) be submitted to the people for their approval; and this has obtained such general acceptance that Fribourg alone does not possess the referendum in either of its two forms, Ticino having accepted it in its optional form in 1883. It was therefore only natural that attempts should be made to revise the federal consitution of 1848 in a democratic and centralising sense, for it had been provided that the federal assembly, on its own initiative or on the written request of fifty thousand Swiss electors, could submit the question of revision to a popular vote. In 1866 the restriction of certain rights to Christians only was swept away; but the attempt at final revision in 1872 was defeated by a smal1 majority, owing to the efforts of the anticentralising party. Finally, however, another draft was better liked, and on April 19th, 1874, the new constitution was accepted by the people. This constitution is that now [as of 1907] in force, and is simply an improved edition of that of 1848. The federal tribunal (now of nine members only) was fixed (by federal law) at Lausanne, and its jurisdiction enlarged, especially in constitutional disputes between cantons and the federal authorities, though jurisdiction in administrative matters (e.g., educational, religious, election, commercial) is given to the federal council — a division of functions which is very anomalous, and does not work well.» (HH, XVII, p.43).

 

The new constitution has an article that « it is required a federal approbation for a new see of bishop to be instituted within the territory of Switzerland. » (Morita, 1998, p.127).

 

« Chronological summary:

1840 Clericals revolt against the radicals in Aargau.

1841 They are put down. Eight monasteries in Aargau are suppressed. The quarrel provokes disputes in the diet.

1843 The diet effects a compromise in the religious quarrel in Aargau by which four instead of eight of the monasteries are suppressed. The seven Catholic cantons, Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Lucerne, Zug, Fribourg, and Valais hereupon form a separate league, the Sonderbund.

1844 The Sonderbund declares for the reopening of all the monasteries in Aargau. The clericals in Lucerne, the Vorort, give high posts to Jesuits. Parties of free-lances attempt to capture the city.

1845 The attack on Lucerne is renewed but is unsuccessful. The radicals gain control in Zurich.

1846 The radicals become the majority in Bern and Geneva.

1847 The radicals get a majority in St. Gall. The diet in which the radicals are now in the majority declares the Sonderbund contrary to the Federal Pact. The diet resolves to revise the pact and asks the cantons to expel the Jesuits. The attempt to enforce the decree leads to the Sonderbund War. This is quickly ended by the defeat of the rebellious Catholic cantons at Gislikon, largely because of the good generalship of Dufour.

1848 A new constitution is accepted by the majority of the cantons. Switzerland becomes a federal state (Bundesstaat) . A central government is organised consisting of a council of states (Ständerath), a national council (National Rath) and a federal council or executive (Bundesrath). German, French, and Italian are recognised as national languages. Bern is chosen the national capital.

1866 Restrictions on religious liberty of Jesuits, etc., are removed. An attempt is made to revise the constitution in a democratic sense but fails.

1871 Switzerland shelters French refugees of the Franco-German War though insisting on the maintenance of neutrality. The growth in power of the “old Catholics” causes disturbances in western Switzerland (the struggle against Ultramontanism).

1872 An attempt at revision of the constitution is defeated by a small majority.

1873 Abbé Mermillod, appointed by the pope " apostolic vicar " of Geneva, is banished from Switzerland. The see of Bishop Lachat of Bâle is suppressed by several cantons because he upholds the doctrine of papal infallibility.

1874 A new constitution, a revision of that of 1848, is accepted by the people. The referendum hereby becomes a part of the machinery of the federal government as it had already been part of that of most of the cantons. The new constitution increases centralisation in the government.

1876 Religious and political differences cause an armed encounter in Ticino.

1883 Mermillod is appointed bishop of Lausanne.

1884 Bishop Lachat is made apostolic vicar of Ticino.

1888 The creation of a see at Lugano excites the opposition of the radicals. 

1890 Religions riot at Ticino. » (HH, XVII, p.65-67).

 

As to the decease of the Prince imperial, cf. V-97 (§717).

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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2015. All rights reserved.

§717

19th century:

§717 Prince imperial checked; Amnesty of the Communards (1879): V-97.

 

V-97:

The deformed child by fear suffocated,

In the comfortable city of the great King:

The severe edict of the captives revoked,

Hail and thunder inestimable Condom.

(Le nay defforme par horreur suffoqué,

Dans la cité du grand Roy habitable:

L'edict severe des captifz revoqué,

Gresle & tonnerre Condom inestimable.)

 

NOTES: Vignois (1910, p.386) presents us with a reasonable solution: « Several years after the Prince imperial had been condemned to fall like a Spartan deformed child by the Assembly at Bordeaux [in 1871], and a few months before he effectively passed away [June 1st 1879], the edict of the prisoners in Noumea, shown as too severe, was revoked. Those who had made rain like hail and thunder the evils upon their country could not fully appreciate such a pardon without precedent.»

The deformed child by fear suffocated: = The Prince imperial Napoléon-Eugène-Louis-Jean-Joseph Bonaparte deprived of his heirship to the Empire by the anti-Bonapartist deputies = the young prince (§702, VI-3) = the chief of the camp (§716, IV-9). Such an expression is accustomed with Nostradamus who says “the eaten hands of his son ” (§553,IV-61), “his son submerged in the pit”(§554,IV-53), etc. as to the King of Rome, the legitimate heir to the Emperor Napoleon I.

In the comfortable city [Paris] of the great King [President Grévy]: President Grévy: « On the 28th of January, 1879, MacMahon, finding himself unable to agree with his ministers and hopeless of forming a new ministry conformable to his views, resigned. There is every reason to believe that, had he willed, he might have contested the presidency of the republic successfully. But he waived his claims in favour of Jules Grévy, who was elected president on the 30th of January, 1879, by 536 votes against 99 for General Chanzy, Gambetta becoming president of the chamber and Waddington the prime minister.» (HH, XIII, p.192).

Hail and thunder: The Communard revolt in 1871. Cf. §693, V-81: thunder, lightning: « The strength of the Versailles army engaged in these operations was about 90,000 men; so desperate was the struggle to plant the tricolour upon the Montmartre buttes and the Northern Railway station. The victorious troops immediately erected several batteries in Montmartre, one with eight naval guns of large calibre. These and other guns opened a heavy fire [hail] during the night between the 23rd and 24th of May on the Quartier du Temple and the Hôtel de Ville. During this night the Tuileries burst out in flames, and the Palais Royal, the Theatre Lyrique, and the Chatelet, the Palais de Justice, the Prefecture of Police, and other public buildings shared the same fate. The scene as witnessed from the top of the Belleville heights [we once more quote the official historian of the Commune] was “ the most imposing, terrific, and horrible spectacle that can possibly be imagined. The flames seemed to reach the clouds and lick the heavens. The hearths from which they arose were more white-red, more incandescent, than the hottest furnace. Some, with fiercer nuclei in their midst than the rest, displayed a brilliancy beyond all description. From time to time terrific explosions [thunder] were heard, while immense sheaves of flame and balls of fire and sparks rose above the rest to the heavens, piercing the clouds…Wherever any shell bursts, they seemed to burn weakly at first, but rapidly increased in intensity, and rising like giants, illuminated the horizon. It is no exaggeration to say that they multiplied with the rapidity of lightning [lightning].”» (Rich, II, p.628-629).

Condom: =  Condon (§715, IV-72) (Gers) suggesting the Latin word condono (to forgive, to pardon) (Vignois, id.).

The severe edict of the captives revoked: = Amnesty of the Communards: A partial amnesty in April 1879 and a general one in July 1879 (cf. Seignobos, 1921c, p. 60; p.70).

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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2015. All rights reserved.

§718

19th century:

§718 An encyclical of Leo XIII (August 4th, 1879): X-56.

 

X-56:

The royal prelate having charged his despisers too much,

A great flux of blood shall come out of the mouth,

The angelical reign revived by his reign,

For a long time dead alive in Tunys like a stump.

 

(Prelat royal son baissant trop tiré,

Grand fleux de sang sortira par la boche,

Le regne Anglicque par regne respiré,

Long temps mort vif en Tunys comme soche.)

 

NOTES: Vignois (1910, p.394) presents us with a likely solution: « In confronting the so-called philosophers, sworn enemies of the Catholicism, who, after the example of Goliath lowering the people of God, provoked the Church, Leo XIII like the young David threw down his adversaries by means of the powerful publication of his Encyclical of August 4th, 1879, about the return to the doctrines of Saint Thomas. Since retook the breath the authority of the angelical doctor, which had been seemingly dead – “ lying neglected and forgotten ” – , but remained alive for a few people.»

 

Fleux: From the Latin fluvius, a river.

 

Boche: = bouche pour rimer à soche du vers 4, boche being at the same time familiar with the ancient Provençal boca (cf. Bloch & Wartburg, s.v. BOUCHE).

 

A great flux of blood shall come out of the mouth: This means the extraordinary effort of Leo XIII to publish in text his firm orthodox belief with full power and spirit against his adversaries. So, the interpretation of Vignois to the effect that « Leo XIII made flow out of his enemy’s mouth fluxes of blood » is impertinent.

 

« Leo XIII … his foreign policy must therefore be seen as the least successful part of his pontificate. More successful was his attempt to align the Church with trends in the modern world without compromising her traditional teaching. In letter after letter [A great flux of blood out of the mouth] he condemned, accepted and guided. Socialism, Communism and Freemasonry were condemned; democracy, workers’ rights and trades’ unions were accepted (these last in his most famous publication, Rerum novarum, 1891, which earned him the sobriquet, ‘the workers’ pope’); while the study of St Thomas Aquinas    to spread the doctrine that between true science and true religion there was no conflict – astronomy, natural sciences, and objective historical and Biblical research were all encouraged.» (Maxwell-Stuart, 2006, p.220-221)

 

Anglicque: = Angélique (angelic).

 

Tunys: = Gk. τυννός (tynnos), « so small, so little » (Liddell & Scott); « petit (small), tout jeune (so young) » (Bailly).

 

Soche: = souche: « SOUCHE, XIIe (Chrétien, sous la forme çoche). Cette forme çoche est confirmée par chouque du picard et du normand.» (Bloch & Wartburg).

 

Discussion: Ionescu (1987, p.482-484) attributes this quatrain erroneously to the Islamic revolution in Iran initiated by Ayatollah Khomeini in 1978, in having commited three grave faults of grammar:

 

1° He says that the word « tiré » (charged) is a reduction of « martirier » (martyriser) (to martyr), but before jumping to his own arbitrary dilettantism in language he is to be required to search far into the existing meanings of the word itself: « tirer, v. tr. 1. To pull, to draw (in general); 2. To lengthen (allonger); 3. To pull off (ôter); 4. To extract (extraire); 5. To obtain (obtenir); 6. To drag away (from); 7. To make, to draw up (dresser); 8. To draw (a lottery); 9. GRAMM. To take, to borrow (emprunter); 10. SPORTS. To shoot at (un animal); 11. MILIT. To shoot, to fire, to discharge; 12. NAUT. To draw, to have a draught of ; 13. AGRIC. To milk; 14. Med. To pull out (a tooth); 15. THEATHR. To draw, to take; 16. ARCHIT. To draw (a line, a plan); 17. FIN. To draw, to make out (a check); 18. TECHN. To extract, to print; 19. FAM. Encore une heure à tirer, still another hour to go; il tire son temps, he’s doing his stretch; tirer de la prison, to do time; tirer le portrait de qqn, to take s.o.’s picture or photograph.» (Dubois); of these ample and diversified meanings one can select that of « 11. MILIT. To shoot, to fire, to discharge » as a most applicable one to the present case depicting some higher prelate furiously charging his foes by means of his eloquence.

 

2° He says also that the word « respiré » (revived) is from an ancient French « respirer » which is itself in turn for « respiter » (respitier ?) = sauver (to save), mettre hors de danger (to put outside of dangers). But without such an illegitimate paraphrase one can literally attain to the plain truth that the word respirer itself can fully satisfy the grammatical needs of the verse in granting us the meaning of « reviving the angelic reign »; for the word « Anglicque » is here, not for Anglais (English), Ionescu’s naive option, but for « angélique » (angelic, angelical) in reality as follows:

 

3°« Anglicquement. – Par bien soy bassiner anglicquement. RABELAIS, II, 11. – Sainéan traduit par angéliquement: « Dérivé isolé d’angle, forme archaïque pour ange.» » (Sainéan translates the word Anglicquement in Rabelais into angéliquement (angelically), deriving from angle, archaic form of angel.) (Huguet). « ANGE. D’abord angele, XIe (Saint Alexis); en outre, angle et angre jusqu’au XIIIe s.; ange ne triomphe que plus tard. Lat. eccl. angělus, grec eccl. angělos, « messager de Dieu».» (ANGEL. At first angele, XIth (Saint Alexis); moreover, angle and angre till in XIIIth c.; angel does not triumph but until later.) (Bloch & Wartburg).

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©  Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2015. All rights reserved.

§719

19th century:

§719 The modern Mausoleum in Paris (1885.5.26): IX-74.

 

IX-74:

In the city of Fertsod homicide committed

And committed many times not to immolate plowing oxen,

Returning to the honors of Artimisia

And to Vulcan consecrating dead bodies.

(Dans la cité de Fertsod homicide,

Fait, & fait multe beuf arant ne macter,

Retours encores aux honneurs d'Artemide

Et à Vulcan corps morts sepulturer.)

 

NOTES: In the city of Fertsod: = in the city of Paris filled with vices, Fertsod being composed of « fert, it produces » and « Sodom », i.e. « what Sodom produces = vices » (cf. Vignois, 1910, p.399).

Homicide committed And committed many times: The crimes in Paris were apparently very numerous according to its extremely large population in the end of the 19th century.

Arer: = to plow (Godefroy).

Macter: = to immolate (Godefroy).

Not to immolate plowing oxen: « They voted the Grammont law in favor of animals [the law of July 2nd 1850] just as in Athens where it was forbidden to immolate plowing oxen.» (Vignois, id.).

Returning to the honors of Artimisia: « They came back to Artimisia’s comportment and to the manners of the Convention in consecrating the Pantheon to great persons. Artimisia, Queen of Halicarnassus, constructed for her spouse Mausolus a grave which was one of the seven marvels of the world; and the Convention dedicated the Pantheon to the persons of great merit.» (Vignois, id.). « The decrees of May 26th [1885]: The first decree. Art. 1st. – The Pantheon is rendered to its primitive and legal destination. The rests of the great persons who merit the national recognition shall be deposed there. The second decree. Art. 1st. – Following the obsequies ordered by the law of May 24th 1885, the body of Victor Hugo shall be deposed in the Pantheon.» (Vidieu, 1885, p.5-6)

And to Vulcan [God of fire] consecrating dead bodies: « It was permitted to cremate the deceased in place of burying them » (Vignois, id.) upon the law concerning the liberty of funerals (the law of November 15th 1887). « The crematory furnaces of the Père-Lachaise » (Larmor, 1925, p.261).

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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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