§842 The Allied victory in Italy (1944-1945): VIII-72.

VIII-72 (§842):

The Perugian field, oh, the enormous defeat
And the conflict very near Ravenna.
The sacred passage when they shall make a festival,
The conqueror conquered, horses shall eat bush.

(Champ Perusin o l’enorme deffaite
Et le conflit tout au pres de Ravenne,
Passage sacre lors qu'on fera la feste,
Vainqueur vaincu cheval manger la venne.) (№10)

NOTES: Champ Perusin: = « Perugian Field » (Garencières, 1672, p.142).

The Perugian field, oh, the enormous defeat: « By the 20th [of June 1944] the French [FEC: French Expeditionary Corps] had pulled up to the Orcia River, a tributary of the Ombrone behind which enemy resistance appeared to be stiffening. By 20 June Fifth Army had raced halfway up its zone between the Tiber and the Arno. A separate operation under the control of AFHQ [Allied Force Headquarters], using French troops, had taken the island of Elba off Piombino on 17-19 June, thus protecting the left flank of our further advance; on the right Eighth Army was roughly abreast of the FEC on the line Lake Trasimeno-Perugia… .» (Starr, 1986, p.279-280); « Undoubtedly the most severe fighting anywhere in the Fifth Army zone during the advance to Highway 68 had been that on the 25 mile French front during 21-26 June [1944]. On the 20th the 3rd Algerian and 2d Moroccan Divisions had been stopped south of the Orcia River, where the Germans had a naturally strong position extending on east into the Eighth Army zone beyond Lake Trasimeno. The enemy had dug pits for his machine guns and riflemen and backed them with a larger concentration of artillery than he had used thus far north of Rome. The center of this line along the Orcia was the strongest, for on the east the river line gave way to hills and on the west the upper Ombrone River Valley formed a by-pass running toward Siena. The Orcia itself was easily fordable. The enemy garrison, however, was formidable, with part of the 20th GAF [German Air Force] Field Division, all of the 4th Parachute Division, and all of the 356th Grenadier Division from west to east; elements of the 26th Panzer and 29th Panzer Grenadier Divisions were also present. Although the total number of infantry in positions near the river did not appear to be large, crossfire from well sited automatic weapons raked the stream. After very little advance on the 22d the FEC put its emphasis on outflanking the line from the west. While the troops below the Orcia kept up their pressure, the Guillaume Group [the 1st Group of Tabors (battalion of Moroccan tribesmen) and the 1st Moroccan Infantry under General Guillaume], reinforced by the light armor of the 4th Moroccan Spahis, pushed north along the west side of the Ombrone, fording the river on the 24th and keeping pace with the 1st Armored Division on its left. The advance of IV Corps and the Guillaume Group began to unhinge the enemy line, and at noon on the 25th the 8th Moroccan Infantry succeeded in crossing the Orcia just west of Highway 2. Later in the day the 3rd Algerian Division to the left also crossed the stream against lighter opposition than previously. By the 26th the FEC was completely over the river; in the five days 22-26 June its casualties had amounted to 972 killed, wounded, and missing. To the right Eighth Army had also broken the section of the line before it, likewise after considerable casualties and fierce fighting. Throughout the 27th the enemy continued to resist stubbornly before the French, but in the night he began a hasty withdrawal, leaving behind delaying parties and demolitions to slow our advance on Siena. By 2 July we were close to the town, which the enemy promptly evacuated; at 0630, 3 July, Siena was in the hands of French troops. The advance continued despite further reliefs in the FEC for movement to Naples. All units of the 3rd Algerian Division had left by the 4th, being replaced by the 4th Mountain Division under General Sevez; the Pursuit Corps was also disbanded, and General Juin took over direct supervision of the remaining operations. At Poggibonsi and Colle di Val d’Elsa, on Highway 68 southwest of Poggibonsi, enemy opposition stiffened once again, but by the morning of the 7th the latter town was taken by the 4th Mountain Division. By evening all of Highway 68 was behind the forward elements of the FEC. Fifth Army was now everywhere up to or past the highway. On the left the 34th Division was already engaged in heavy battling on the approaches to Leghorn. Reliefs were planned to increase our strength on the right of IV Corps. To the east the French were ready to exploit the fall of Colle di Val d’Elsa, which had cleared Highway 68. The past two weeks had seen stiffening enemy resistance, resulting in the hardest fighting [The Perugian field, oh, the enormous defeat] since the fall of Rome.» (Starr, id., p.285-286).

And the conflict very near Ravenna
: « 1944 OCTOBER 22 Italy – 8th Army crosses R. Savio, S. of Ravenna.» (Argyle, 1980, p.171). « On October 2 [1944], Mark Clark’s renewed offensive towards Bologna opened, this time along Route 65. All four divisions of his 2nd Corps were thrown in, but the defending Germans fought with such tenacity that during the next three weeks the American advance averaged no more than a mile a day, and on October 27 the offensive was abandoned. By the end of October, the Eighth Army advance had also petered out, after only five more rivers had been crossed, and the Po was still fifty miles distant. The Allied situation at the end of 1944 was very disappointing in comparison with the high hopes of the spring, and the summer. A final Allied offensive in 1944 sought to gain Bologna and Ravenna as winter bases. The Canadians, in the Eighth Army, succeeded in capturing Ravenna on December 4, and their success led the Germans to send three divisions to check the Eighth Army’s further progress. That seemed to offer the Fifth Army a better chance. But this was forestalled by an enemy counterattack in the Senio valley on December 26 – prompted by Mussolini with the idea of emulating Hitler’s counteroffensive in the Ardennes, and largely carried out by Italians who remained loyal to him. This attack was soon, and easily, stopped. But the Eighth Army was now exhausted, and very short of ammunitions, while the Germans were known to have strong reserves near Bologna. So Alexander decided that the Allied armies should go on the defensive, and prepare for a powerful spring offensive.» (Hart, 1971, p.541-542).

Passage sacre
: = Le passage sacré (the sacred passage), namely the Allied last and definitive crossing of the Po which leads to their victory: « 1-14 April 1945. Everywhere on the level plain, which is highly cultivated and crisscrossed by ditches, there are roads, paved or graveled. From our lines north Highway 65 and 64 ran into Bologna, where the former ends; Highway 64 continues on to Ferrara, a short distance south of the Po. The main north-south road across the valley in the Army zone was highway 12, which originates at Pisa in the Arno Valley, crosses the mountains, and strikes Highway 9 at Modena. From Modena this highway continues almost due north across the Po at Ostiglia to the cities of Verona, Trent, and Bolzano, into the Brenner Pass, and eventually on to Austria. On the main front the emphasis had by now been shifted from Highway 65 to Highway 64 so as to work around the strong enemy defenses south of Bologna. Both II and IV Corps would attack abreast, the chief effort initially astride Highway 64 until the valley of Setta Creek had been cleared and the road junction of Praduro, 15 miles north of Vergato, had been gained. At this time the bulk of the troops would be concentrated west of the highway, ready to break out into the Po Valley between the Reno and Panaro. A minor effort would be made down Highway 65, but positions along this route were expected to fall relatively easily after the dominating high ground west of the road had been taken. The Americans to the west would be pointed roughly at Modena; the South Africans to the east would drive to encircle Bologna and gain contact with Eighth Army at Bondeno. It was also assumed that considerable time would elapse between the capture of Bologna on the one hand and the actual crossing of the Po on the other. Once the city was reached Highway 9 was to be developed as the main supply route for IV Corps, moving to the northwest, and Highway 12 for II Corps elements advancing north from Modena and Bologna toward Verona. Areas north and northwest of Bologna were tentatively chosen as future dump sites. Long study of photographs and maps of the Po resulted in the decision that the best possible crossing sites in the projected Army zone of attack were along a 20-mile stretch of the river extending from Ostiglia on Highway 12 west to Borgoforte, where the highway connecting Mantua and Reggio crossed the Po. Within this section of the river likely sites for assault crossings, ferries, and bridges were selected, and the engineers made careful plans for throwing floating and permanent bridges over the stream. Special emphasis in this planning was laid on the area between San Benedetto Po and Borgoforte, where the marshy ricefields about Ostiglia could be avoided; but a subsequent crossing at this latter site would be necessary to open up Highway 12 to Verona.» (Starr, id., p.390-393); 

« On 21 April [1945] Fifth Army launched the pursuit to the Po with II and IV Corps abreast, each in the strength of one armored division and two infantry divisions. Since Combat Command A [of the 1st Armored Division] had come up to Guastalla and Luzzaro on the west of the 10th Mountain Division during the morning of the 23d, IV Corps now held all its stretch of the Po and even had one division over the stream. The left bank of this penetration was protected until the 23d by Combat Command B [of the 1st Armored Division], battling up Highway 9 and blocking the roads from the mountains as it progressed. The Germans haggled over Panaro crossings east of Modena on the 22d and again on the next day at the Secchia west of that city, where Combat Command B, driving nearly due west south of the highway, was stopped. Modena itself was largely by-passed and left to the partisans to clear. The 34th division came up from Bologna and relieved the armor on Highway 9 on the 24th. Still farther to the left the Brazilian 1st Division emerged into the plain late on the 23d at Marano and Vignola and moved northwest along the foothills south of Highway 9. An interesting action was soon to develop in this area as the main forces of the Army continued their push north to Verona. On 21 April, as Bologna was being cleared, II Corps struck north for the Po. The pattern of resistance before II Corps bore some resemblance to that before IV Corps to the west. Units toward the Army center ran into less difficulty than those moving up on the right. The Panaro River constituted an obstacle which was more strongly defended around Finale on the eastern boundary than it was in the direction of Camposanto. The 1st and 4th Parachute Divisions suffered heavy losses but successfully covered Tenth Army’s flank in the retreat across the Po; the junction of Fifth and Eighth Armies near Bondeno was effected too late for maximum success.» (Starr, id., p.419-424).

« By the end of 24 April Fifth Army, large parts of which had already crossed the Po, held the south bank of that river on a line extending about 60 miles from the Taro River to the Eighth Army boundary at Felonica, with the 1st Armoured, 10th Mountain, 85th, 88th, 91st, and 6 South African Armoured Divisions along the banks from west to east. Since the 21st these troops had covered 40 miles from the mountain to the river through the smashed center of the German armies. Driven to desperation, the Germans had taken to the roads in daylight and had thus laid themselves open to our far-ranging planes. By the end of the 22nd increasing numbers of abandoned vehicles and equipment began to tell the story of disorganization and panic in a retreat which had thus far remained orderly. When clearing weather on the 23rd once more gave our planes free rein, the enemy columns converging on the river crossings were blasted into shambles of wrecked and burning junk. The wreckage was accompanied by a prisoner bag which assumed fantastic proportions as our forces closed in on the Po; in the period 21-25 April Fifth Army took approximately 30,000 prisoners at a cost of 1,397 casualties. Even a superficial analysis of the personnel taken is sufficient to highlight the picture of confusion and breakdown in command existing behind the enemy lines; captured rear echelon personnel were a commonplace – hospitals, bakeries in which the bread was still warm, a paymaster with his payroll, and personnel units. Though the bulk of the German forces managed to get across the Po before our arrival, the loss in equipment augured ill for any extended stand on their part thereafter; already six divisions could be practically written off the books.» (Starr, id., p.426).

When they shall make a festival
: This festival refers to Easter week of the year 1945 A.D.: the first to the seventh of April 1945. The Allied triumphant crossings of the Po take place in April 1945.

The conqueror conquered
: « Fifth Army’s long thrust straight north from the Apennines to Lake Garda and thence across the top of the valley to the east and west had first split the German armies in Italy in two and then slammed in their faces the door of retreat to the Alps. During that same period three other nearly separate drives were in progress: on the east the British Eighth Army chased the Germans north along the Adriatic coast; on the west the 92d Division pursued along the Ligurian coast to Genoa; and south of the Po the Brazilian 1st Division and for a while the 34th Division rounded up enemy forces caught in the Apennines. The latter project was completed successfully by the 29th [April 1945], and on the next two days the Brazilian 1st Division fanned out to Alessandria and Cremona... On 3 May the 85th and 88th Divisions sent task forces north over ice and snow three feet deep to seal the Austrian frontier and to gain contact with the American Seventh Army, driving southward from Germany. The 339th Infantry under Lt. Col. John T. English reached Austrian soil east of Dobbiaco at 0415, 4 May; the Intelligence and Reconnaissance Platoon, 349th Infantry, met troops from VI Corps of Seventh Army at 1051 at Vipiteno, nine miles south of Brennero. The 338th Infantry came up Highway 12 later in the day and placed a frontier guard at Brennero on the Austro-Italian frontier. To the west the 10th Mountain Division reached Nauders beyond the Resia Pass on the 5th and made contact with German forces which were being pushed south by Seventh Army; here a status quo was maintained until the enemy headquarters involved had completed their surrender to Seventh Army.» (Starr, 1986, p.436-439).

Venne: = « venne, s.f., haie (hedge), clôture (enclosure), palissade (palisade), buisson (bush, thicket, shrub).» (Godefroy).

Horses shall eat bush: This expression describes one of post-war peaceful landscapes.
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§843 The collapse of the German Reich (1943-1945): II-16.

II-16 (§843):

Naples, Palermo, Sicily, Syracuse,
New tyrants, lightnings celestial fires:
The force of London, Ghent, Brussels, and Susa,
Great hecatomb, triumph, to hold festivals.

(Naples, Palerme, Secille, Syracuses,
Nouveaux tyrans, fulgures feuz celestes:
Force de Londres, Gand, Brucelles, & Suses
Grand hecatombe, triumphe, faire festes.)

NOTES: « II-16: The Second World War and its aerial bombardments (lightnings celestial fires).» (Hutin, 1972, p.142).

Naples, Palermo, Sicily, Syracuse, New tyrants: « The Allied landings on Sicily and the Italian mainland, August 1943. Italy had a new tyrant in the shape of Germany after the fall of Mussolini a month earlier.» (Halley, 1999, p.165).

Lightnings celestial fires: = Firing, shellfire and bombing. « = bombings: After tyrannical German soldiers have taken over cities of Italy (such as now [in 1944]) there will be fierce aerial warfare.» (Lamont, 1944, p.273).

Naples, Palermo, Sicily, Syracuse, New tyrants, lightnings celestial fires: « Sicily and Italy, 1943-4 The Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 was followed by landings in mainland Italy in September: These knocked Italy out of the war; but the German Army’s continued stubborn defence meant that there would be no rapid Allied victory. Although many of the accompanying airborne troops landed in the sea and drowned because of poor pilot training and bad weather, the initial Allied landings in the south and south-east of Sicily were a success. The large Italian forces put up little resistance and many surrendered readily - however, the German troops were a different matter. They used the rugged terrain expertly in a series of delaying actions, while the Allied commanders quarrelled over how to conduct the campaign. Finally the Germans withdrew across the Straits of Messina in mid-August virtually unmolested by the superior Allied air and naval forces. Mussolini had been deposed as head of the Italian government in July and the new regime began secret peace talks with the Allies. On 3 September Eighth Army crossed from Sicily to the toe of Italy and on the 8th the Italian surrender was announced. The Germans were ready, however, and had moved reinforcements into the country to take over. On the 9th the main Allied landings, by General Mark Clark’s US Fifth Army, went in around Salerno, just south of Naples, and were nearly thrown back into the sea during the first few days. For the rest of the year the Germans fell back slowly from one well-defended river line to the next. Eighth Army pushed up the east side of Italy and Fifth Army to the west. By the turn of the year the Allied advance had reached the German’s Gustav Line, whose most famous bastion was centred on Monte Cassino, still well to the south of Rome. In an attempt to break the stalemate the Allied forces made an amphibious landing at Anzio, behind the German lines, on 22 January 1944. The troops there, timidly led, soon found themselves effectively besieged in their beachhead. Repeated attacks on the Gustav Line over the following months also failed. During May 1944 the Allies at last mounted a properly co-ordinated attack all along the Italian front, and this time they captured Cassino and broke the Gustav Line. By then, however, Montgomery and many veteran troops had left to prepare for D-Day and Italy had slipped down the Allied priority list. Rome fell on 4 June, but by autumn 1944 the Germans were again making a stand, this time on the Gothic Line just north of Florence.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.134-135).

The force of London, Ghent, Brussels: Namely, the Allied forces coming from England across the Channel through Normandy shall liberate Belgium: « In the event, when the break-out came at Avranches, on July 31 [1944], only a few scattered German battalions lay in the ninety-mile-wide corridor between that point and the Loire. So American spearheads could have driven eastward unopposed. But the Allied High Command threw away the best chance of exploiting this great opportunity by sticking to the outdated preinvasion programme, in which a westward move to capture the Brittany ports was to be the next step. It is evident that the German forces would have had ample time to pull back to the Seine, and form a strong defensive barrier-line there, except for Hitler’s stubbornly stupid orders that there should be ‘no withdrawal’. It was his folly that restored the Allies’ lost opportunities and enabled them to liberate France that autumn. The war could easily have been ended in September 1944. The bulk of the German forces in the West had been thrown into the Normandy battle, and kept there by Hitler’s ‘no withdrawal’ orders until they collapsed-and a large part were trapped. The fragments were incapable of further resistance for the time being, and their retreat-largely on foot-was soon outstripped by the British and American mechanized columns. When the Allies approached the German border at the beginning of September, after a sweeping drive from Normandy, there was no organized resistance to stop them driving on-into the heart of Germany. On September 3 one spearhead of the British Second Army, the Guard Armoured Division, swept into Brussels- after a seventy-five-mile drive through Belgium from its morning starting point in northern France. Next day the 11th Armoured Division, which had raced level with it, drove on to Antwerp and captured the vast docks undamaged before the surprised German base units there had a chance to carry out any demolitions. That same day the spearheads of the American First Army captured Namur, on the Meuse.» (Hart, 1971, p.557-558).

The force of London, … and Susa: Namely the Allied forces starting from England shall liberate northern Italy occupied by the Nazis: « [On 9 September 1943] the anti-fascist parties formed the Committee of National Liberation (CNL) in order to resist the German forces and to reconstruct Italy. It is formed in principal cities. Moreover, against the German military occupation and the Fascism began the civilian Resistance, a part of which charged itself with armed fighting as partisans. The Resistance, on 25 April [1945], liberated by itself many cities of the north through the concerted uprising. Mussolini was trying to flee into Switzerland, but perceived and arrested by the partisans on the Lake of Como. The CNL of the northern Italy with their own authority of justice, sentenced Mussolini to death and fired him with another Fascist leaders on the 28th.» (
Kitahara et al., 2008, p.505-508); « Fifth Army’s long thrust straight north from the Apennines to Lake Garda and thence across the top of the valley to the east and west had first split the German armies in Italy in two and then slammed in their faces the door of retreat to the Alps. During that same period three other nearly separate drives were in progress: on the east the British Eighth Army chased the Germans north along the Adriatic coast; on the west the 92d Division pursued along the Ligurian coast to Genoa; and south of the Po the Brazilian 1st Division and for a while the 34th Division rounded up enemy forces caught in the Apennines. The latter project was completed successfully by the 29th [April 1945], and on the next two days the Brazilian 1st Division fanned out to Alessandria and Cremona...» (Starr, 1986, p.436).

Great hecatomb: « Battle of the Bulge Hitler aimed to repeat the triumph of 1940 in an attack through the Ardennes region to cut the Allied armies in two. Instead German’s last reserves were defeated in a series of desperate winter battles. By the late autumn of 1944 the German Army had recovered some of its strength after the disasters of both the summer in Normandy and the Eastern front. However, the American armies were pushing forward slowly in eastern France and Belgium, while the British had finally succeeded in clearing the Scheldt estuary, so that the great port facilities of Antwerp could at long last begin to alleviate the Allied supply problems. Hitler decided to use the assembling German reserve force in the west. The German attacked on 16 December and achieved complete surprise. They quickly broke through the Allied line all along the attack front, while small groups of special forces penetrated deeper into Allied territory, spreading confusion and panic. A few Allied reinforcements were quickly sent to the area and they, and the survivors of the original front-line force, established themselves especially around the towns of St-Vith and Bastogne. They were both important road junctions, particularly vital for movement in an area of steep and densely wooded hillsides. By the 19th the top Allied commanders were taking the situation in hand. Field Marshal Montgomery was put in charge of the Anglo-American forces north of the German advance, and General Omar Bradley of the US forces to the south. Part of Patton’s US Third Army changed front with astonishing speed and began attacking north to relieve Bastogne and reduce the bulge the Germans had now driven into the Allied line. Up to this point bad weather had kept Allied air support to a minimum, but on the 22nd it cleared. The German supply system was already stretched; now both it and the front-line forces came under continuous attack… After an epic defence, Bastogne was relieved by Patton’s advance on 26 December. Major attacks from the north of the bulge began on 3 January, and it had largely been recovered by the middle of the month. The Germans lost about 100,000 men and most of the tanks used in the operation. Allied losses were similar in number but theirs could be replaced. Germany’s could not.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.188-189).

Triumph, to hold festivals
: « On 2 May [1945] hostilities in Italy ceased in accordance with terms of unconditional surrender signed by representatives of General Vietinghoff, Commander-in-Chief of Army Group Southwest, at Caserta on 29 April… Victory parades were held by the partisans…» (Starr, id., p.438-440).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§844 The comet 1941 II; End of Mussolini having ruled Rome, Greece and Salo (1940-1945): VI-6.

VI-6 (§844):

Near the Little Bear shall appear the comet,
Not far from Cancer the comet:
Susa, Sienna, Boeotia, Eretria,
Shall die the great of Rome, the night destroyed.

(Apparoistra vers le Septentrion,
Non loing de Cancer l'estoille chevelue:
Suze, Sienne, Boece, Eretrion,
Mourra de Rome grand, la nuict disperue:)

NOTES: Le Septentrion: = « 1° Le nord (the north); 2° Terme d’Astronomie. La Petite Ourse (An astronomical term. Ursa Minor [the Little Bear, the Little Dipper]).» (Littré). The expression le Septentrion with a definite article and a majuscule initial leads us to consider this as a proper name: Ursa Minor (the Little Bear, the Little Dipper) as Hogue does so (Hogue, 1997, p.442).

: = « Envers (toward, to). – Auprès de (near, near to, close to).» (Huguet).

L'estoille chevelue
: = « the bearded star, a comet » (Leoni, 1961, p.281).

Near the Little Bear shall appear the comet, Not far from Cancer the comet
(Apparoistra vers le Septentrion, Non loing de Cancer l'estoille chevelue): This sentence naturally means that the comet in question appears first near Ursa Minor, then moves near Cancer, a comet in general going fast and capriciously in the sky than ordinary planets and there can be no medial position in the sky that can be said to be near both Ursa Minor and Cancer fairly distant from each other. In this point, Brind’Amour’s interpretation is wrong because he recommends the same positions of the comet 1531 or 1539 “ being in Cancer [and at the same time] relatively septentrional” (Brind’Amour, 1993, p.240-241). He does not understand the natural astronomic meaning of the verses of Nostradamus, the characteristics of comets and the true sense of the term ‘le Septentrion’, not to mention the anti-propheticism of his studies. 

Now, we must research at first the political and international event the third and fourth lines describe in order to identify the comet in question because there appeared too many comets [1029 comets from 1556 to 1982 according to Marsden, 1983, p.8-29] during Nostradamus’ prophecies’ objective period of 1555-2000 to be definitely identified.

: = « Boeotia » (Leoni, 1961, p.281).

Suze, Sienne, Boece, Eretrion, Mourra de Rome grand
: The construction will be: [Le] grand de Rome, Suze, Sienne, Boece et Eretrion Mourra (The great of Rome, Susa, Sienna, Boeotia, Eretria shall die).

The great of Rome, Susa, Sienna, Boeotia, Eretria
: This means that a leader of Italy becomes also the leader of Greece which gained independence in 1830: « 1828 Nov: 16th, London Protocol, issued by France, Britain, and Russia, recognizes independence of Greece when Morea and Cyclades Isles are guaranteed by those powers.» (Williams, 1968, p.158); « 1829 Mar: 22nd, London Protocol on Greece modifies Protocol of Nov. 1828, extending guarantee of powers to include Continental Greece [Boeotia] and Island of Euboea [Eretria].» (Williams, id., p.160); « 1830 Feb: 3rd, at London Conference, Greece is declared independent under the protection of France, Russia and Britain.» (Williams, id., p.162). Now, only Mussolini in 1940 invaded Greece after her independence, and the presence of the name of Susa in northern Italy suggests Mussolini’s Republic of Salo after his fall in Rome in July 1943: « The War in the Balkans (1940-41) Personal (M
USSOLINI’s prestige), historical (the failed occupation of Corfu [in 1923]) and power-political motives (prevention of National Socialist domination of the Balkans) led to the launching, from Albania, of the 1940 Italian campaign against Greece (28 Oct.). In a counter-offensive, the Greeks occupied one-third of Albania, and the Italian fleet, attacked by British carrier aircraft at Taranto, was weakened (11/12 Nov.). In consequence of British guarantees, British military bases were established on Crete; later on, British forces (approximately 70,000 men) landed in Piraeus and Volos (from Mar. 1941).» (PenguinAtlas 2, p.203); « 1941 Mar: 28th, three Italian cruisers sunk in battle off Cape Matapan.» (Williams, id., p.576); « German Balkan policy: The Belgrade coup d’état (27 Mar. 1941) and the conclusion of a Treaty of Friendship of the new Yugoslav government with the U.S.S.R. (5 Apr. 1941) caused the broadening of the planned Balkan campaign. Turkey remained neutral. The Balkan Campaign (‘Marita’): because of the danger posed by the developing Allied Balkan front and the threat to the Rumanian oil-fields by British air-raids, HITLER decided on an offensive from Bulgaria to the Aegean Sea. Following the rejection of German attempts at mediation by Greece (Feb.) and the transfer of the 12th German Army to Bulgaria (Mar.), 1941 beginning of hostilities (6 Apr.). Yugoslavia: the war, opened by air-raid on Belgrade (6 Apr.), ended with the encirclement and capitulation of the Yugoslav army (17 Apr.). Italian, Hungarian (11 Apr.) and Bulgarian troops invaded Yugoslavia. Greece: following the breakthrough of the Metaxas Line, the capture of Thessaloniki (9 Apr.) and the advance across the Pindus mountains the Greek campaign, coinciding with the attack on Yugoslavia, was concluded by the capitulation at Thessaloniki (21 Apr., formally repeated – on the urging of MUSSOLINI, to include the Italians – on 23 Apr.). After the breakthrough of the British rearguard position at the Thermopylae Pass (24 Apr.), embarkation of the British troops (by 30 Apr.). Occupation of Athens (27 Apr.), the Peloponnesus and the Greek islands (by 11 may) by German forces. 20 May – 1 Jun. 1941 Successful German airborne occupation of Crete (‘Merkur’). Consequences of the Balkan Campaign: Britain was shut off from the Continent… Lubljana (Laibach), the Dalmatian coastal region and Montenegro (officially ‘independent’) came to Italy… Greece: establishment of a German, by mid 1941 of an Italian military administration (with German reservations). Flight of King GEORGE II [1922-4, 1935-47] to London and establishment of a Greek government in exile.» (PenguinAtlas 2, p.203); « In April 1941 the Germans overran Greece. Rival monarchist and communist groups maintained a guerilla war with the Germans from 1942 until the British liberated Athens in October 1944 when the two resistance groups started fighting each other. Bitter civil war lasted from May 1946 until October 1949, when the monarchists were successful.» (Palmer, p.119-120); « 1946 Sep. 1st, Greek plebiscite favours the monarchy (and, 28th, George II returns to Athens).» (Williams, 1968, p.602).

: A neologism of Nostradamus for the past participle of the Latin
« dis-pereō, être détruit, périr (to be destroyed, to perish).» (Nimmo).

The great of Rome, Susa, Sienna, Boeotia, Eretria shall die, the night destroyed: « 28 April [1945]. After the failure of his attempt of negotiation on 25 April 1945 in Milan, Mussolini, Clara Petacci and 15 leaders of the Republic of Salo join a German column which climbs up toward Valteline. On 27 April, the group is arrested by the partisans; these authorize the Germans to pursue their way, if they deliver the fascists who are with them. The officer commanding the column agrees to it. Before letting them depart, the resistants go thoroughly into the vehicles and discover Mussolini who tries to hide himself under the uniform of a German soldier. Thereafter, the destiny of Mussolini and his companions is sealed. In fact, the article 5 of the judicial code enacted by the Committee of Liberation stipulates that all the leaders of the fallen regime and all the fascists taken with arms are condemned to death. Moreover, the resistants do not want that the former master of the country should fall into the hands of the Allies: the punishment of the Duce concerns only the Italians. On 28 April, after Mussolini and Clara Petacci had passed the night at the village of Dongo [on the west bank of Lake Como, 75 km north of Milan], a communist officer, Colonel Valerio, by his true name Walter Audisio, makes the prisoners delivered to him and, with his own hands, executes Mussolini [The great of Rome, Susa, Sienna, Boeotia, Eretria shall die] and his mistress. Then, he makes the other 15 fascist leaders fired, among them are 5 ministers of the government of Salo.» (Kaspi, 1980, p.505).

« The dismissal of Mussolini entails an explosion of joy all through Italy. Even one voice does not arise in favour of him [the night destroyed].» (Kaspi, id., p.367).

« 1946 May: 9th, Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and Umberto II proclaims himself king; Jun: 2nd, Italian referendum in favour of a republic [the night destroyed]; 3d, Umberto II leaves Italy and Alcide de Gasperi, the premier, becomes provisional head of state.» (Williams, 1968, p.600-602).

Near the Little Bear shall appear the comet, Not far from Cancer the comet: Now, we can try to identify this comet among those that appeared during the interval between the Italian invasion of Greece on 28 October 1940 and Mussolini’s death on 28 April 1945:

1) There appeared 30 comets whose observational intervals share some segment of the span from 28 October 1940 to 28 April 1945:
1940 III (its initial position in the constellation of Leo, near Cnc),
1940 IV (Peg, α: 23h53m, δ: +20°15′, far from UMi),
1941 I (Cyg, near UMi),
1941 II (Cyg, near UMi),
1941 III (Aqr, far from UMi),
1941 IV (Lup, far from UMi),
1941 V (Psc, far from UMi),
1941 VI (Sgr, far from UMi),
1941 VII (Cap, far from UMi),
1941 VIII (CrA, far from UMi),
1942 I (Gem, near Cnc),
1942 II (Aql, far from UMi),
1942 III (Psc, far from UMi),
1942 IV (Com, far from UMi),
1942 V (Ori, far from UMI),
1942 VI (Cet, far from UMi),
1942 VII (Gem, near Cnc),
1942 VIII (Leo, near Cnc),
1942 IX (Tau, α: 4h11m, δ: +0°18′, far from UMi),
1943 I (Mon, far from UMi),
1943 II (Lyn, α: 7h42m, δ: +39°53′, closer to Cnc than to UMi),
1943 III (Sgr, far from UMi),
1943 IV (Ori, far from UMi),
1943 V (Oph, far from UMi),
1944 I (Pup, far from UMi),
1944 II (Cet, far from UMi),
1944 III (Oct, far from UMi),
1944 IV (Vel, far from UMi),
1945 I (Vir, far from UMi),
1945 II (Leo, near Cnc)
(Marsden, 1983, p.20-21; p.36 [astronomical calculations by means of StellaNavigator (ASCII Corp., 2010)]).

2) The trajectories of the two comets in candidacy [at Rome, LMT]:

1941 I (Observational interval: 25 August 1940-17 June 1941):
Cyg, α: 21h46m, δ: +53°41′, near UMi,
Cyg, α: 20h19m, δ: +52°48′,
Cyg, α: 19h32m, δ: +46°19′,
Lyr, α: 19h15m, δ: +37°50′,
Lyr, α: 19h17m, δ: +30°41′,
Aql, α: 19h35m, δ: +10°56′,
Sgr, α: 19h32m, δ: -12°7′,
Mic, α: 21h15m, δ: -42°48′,
Mic, α: 21h2m, δ: -44°37′,
Ind, α: 20h47m, δ: -45°47′,
Tel, α: 19h45m, δ: -47°33′, not near Cnc: Incompetent.

1941 II (Observational interval: 31 December 1940-3 March 1941):
Cyg, α: 21h50m, δ: +36°14′, near UMi,
Lac, α: 22h23m, δ: +44°2′, near UMi,
And, α: 23h10m, δ: +51°35′, near UMi,
Cas, α: 1h4m, δ: +59°54′, near UMi,
Cas, α: 2h52m, δ: +60°39′, near UMi,
Cam, α: 4h29m, δ: +56°15′, near UMi,
Aur, α: 6h10m, δ: +43°3′,
Gem, α: 7h9m, δ: +27°21′, near Cnc,
Cnc, α: 8h3m, δ: +7°17′, near Cnc,
Hya, α: 8h12m, δ: +3°31′, near Cnc: Competent.

In consequence, the only competent case is the comet 1941 II named “Friend-Reese-Honda” (Marsden, id., p.36), whose observational interval coincides fairly with the Italian invasion of Greece.
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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