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§849 The difficult battle on the Roer; Destruction of Cologne (1944-1945): VI-4.

VI-4 (§849):

The Celtic river shall change its banks,
Shall no more hold the city of Agripine:
Everything transmuted except the old language,
Saturn, Lion, Mars, Cancer in plunder.

Le Celtiq fleuve changera de rivaige,
Plus ne tiendra la cité d'Agripine:
Tout transmué ormis le vieil langaige,
Saturne, Leo, Mars, Cancer en rapine.)

NOTES: The Celtic river shall change its banks, Shall no more hold the city of Agripine:
Everything transmuted except the old language
: « What we now call Cologne was originally Colonia Agrippina, the Roman colony named after Agrippina, the unfortunate mother of the mad Roman emperor, Nero. In ancient times, the ingabitants pf the colony were called Agrippinenses… the destruction of the city during the Second World War? All is changed, except the old language. During the Second World War, Cologne was subject to severe bombing by the Allies and was massively destroyed. Even the cathedral, miraculously not destroyed, needed drastic repairs. All was changed, except the old language – of the name. The Roman name, Cologne, survived… Now, since we may be sure that the location is Germany, and the time the end of the Second World War, we should note, in passing, that during the last days of the war (before Cologne was captured by the Allies, on 7 March 1945), another German river [than the Rhine] played an important and relevant role. When, by 11 February, the 1st US Army had fought it way to the upper section of the river Roer, the Germans breached the great dams. As a result the area was entirely flooded for over ten days, impeding further attacks. Could Nostradamus have foreseenin his vision this waterlogged country – the river-banks breached and hidden in the expanse of water – and should we therefore read the Celtique fleuve as being Roer? There is no necessary connection between the first and second line of the prophecy, so such a reading is entirely possible. The flooding of the Roer and the destruction of Cologne were two distinct events, though almost contempotaneous.» (Ovason, 1997, p.299-300).

Roer River Battles:
« Of the area’s seven dams, two possessed the greatest potential for large-scale flooding should they be manipulated or destroyed by the Germans. Both were created in the 1930s to provide hydroelectric power for D
üren and other cities downstream to the north. Normally the 62m high, 330m wide earthen Schwammenautel Dam near Schmidt held back a reservoir of around 22 billion gallons of water, while the concrete Urft Dam upstream created one about half that size. Throughout October [1944], the Germans had let these levels drop to nearly half capacity, but as the Allied offensive had been slowed to crawl the water was allowed rise once again. Within a few weeks, engineers from XIX Corps would make an official prediction based on those of Aachen’s Wasserwirtschaftsamt (water control agency) that should the primary dams (Urft and Schwammenautel) be destroyed in one stroke, a devastating flood would result. In the first two hours a 10m high wall of water would hit Düren, and Jülich, which would then fall to some 6m after another two hours. Beyond that, the Roer River Valley would be heavily flooded and virtually impassable for nearly two weeks.» (Higgins, 2010, p.79-80); « With the German salient in the Ardennes eliminated, the Allies prepared a strategic counterattack to achieve their long-standing goals of reaching the Rhine River, penetrating Germany in depth, and concluding the war. February [1945] was to be a month of considerable activity along the Western Front from Nijmegen in the north to the Saar area in the south. Initially, the primary offensive would be undertaken by the Canadian First Army, with attached British forces, in Operation Veritable. In concert, the US Ninth Army’s Operation Grenade would push northeast to act as the southern pincer designed to encircle, or drive out, German resistance between the Roer and Rhine Rivers. Once First Army secured the Roer dams it was to go largely over to the defensive, while elements of VII Corps advanced as protection for Ninth Army’s right flank. With the inability of the Americans to capture the dams in a coup de main, they would have to come up with an alternative plan. On February 2, Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force’s plan for veritable and Grenade was accepted, after Eisenhower assured Montgomery that the principal effort would remain in the north, and that crossing the Rhine was not contingent on clearing the entire area west of the river. This eased Montgomery’s concern that the dual effort would dissipate his assault. Major General Clarence R. Huebner (now in command of V Corps after Gerow left for the newly created Fifteenth Army) ordered Major General Edwin P. Parker to have his rather inexperienced 78th Infantry Division capture Schmidt in the Hürtgen Forest as well as the Schwammenautel Dam. At 0300 on February 5, the 78th Infantry Division started out for Schmidt, while elements of the 82nd Airborne and US 7th Armored Divisions provided support. The next day, the 9th Infantry Division captured the Urft Dam intact, and it looked as if the one at Schwammenautel would follow suit. Parker’s efforts were hampered by the close combat environment that minimized artillery and armor support. In an effort to punch through German resistance, and appease the exhortations from his superiors, all tree of Infantry Division’s regiments were put on the front line. Parker had the 310th Infantry Regiment go all out for Schmidt, and it pushed through the 309th after the latter’s effort had stalled against determined resistance. Subsequently, all three regiments overwhelmed the 272nd Volksgrenadier Division, as Schmidt was attacked from three sides. Although the 309th Infantry Regiment had reached Kommerscheid the day before, Parker was still not achieving results to the degree required by Eisenhower and other senior Allied commanders. With Operation veritable set to commence on February 8, the dams needed to be secured as soon as possible. Parker responded by sending an regimental combat team from Louis Craig’s 9th Infantry Division to Schmidt to take over the 78th Infantry Division for another push for the Schwammenautel Dam. The 310th and 311th Infantry Regiments moved to clear the approaches, while the 309th teamed up with the US 82nd Airborne Division, rebuffed elements of 272nd Volksgrenadier Division around Schmidt, and finally took the town. Even with the new commander, 9th Infantry Division’s progress fared little better. Only during the night of February 9 was 1st Battalion, 309th Infantry Regiment able to approach the target. Two groups from the 1st Battalion were sent ahead, with one moving across the top of the dam and the other along the bottom. Under German small arms fire a quick check was made for demolitions, but none were found. Instead of blowing the dam up, the machinery that controlled the structure’s water flow had been destroyed. The Roer River Valley steadily flooded and effectively blocked the Allied advance to the Rhine. Although the Germans had not destroyed the dams to release a massive, yet shorter flood, the result was instead a steady flow of water that gradually inundated the Roer River Valley. What was normally between 30m and 300m width soon broadened threefold [the Celtic river shall change its banks], with a swift 3m per second current. At least First Army had finally extricated itself from the Hell that was the Hürtgen Forest. To the north, Simpson’s Ninth Army, under the operational control of the British 21st Army Group, made final preparations for Operation Grenade. When news of the damaged dams became apparent, however, the jump-off scheduled for 0530 on February 10 was understandably postponed until the water receded. During the nearly two-week wait for the inundated Roer River to recede, Ninth Army trained its soldiers for scenarios such as crossing rivers and destroying fortifications, and accumulated large amounts of supplies, including 46,000 tons of ammunition and 3,000,000 gallons of fuel. Unit commanders were also flying in light observation planes to observe and study the areas over which they were soon to attack.» (Higgins, id., p.217-222).

Saturn, Lion, Mars, Cancer in plunder
: According to ordinary interpretations (e.g. Brind’Amour, 1993, p.252; Ovason, 1997, p.95-96), these planets and zodiacal signs are to be literally accepted as stars; but, the phrase “in plunder (en rapine)”, which should mean the disasters of war in the context of the lines 1-3, suggests to us that “Saturn, Lion, Mars, Cancer” indicates some districts or countries subject to wartime disasters. Now, only the theory of Ptolemy that correlates the stars in the heaven with the districts on earth can solve the verse of the quatrain. It can be called a ‘stella-geography’ of Ptolemy.


The geographical interpretation of “Saturne, Leo, Mars, Cancer en rapine”:

According to Ptolemy (Tetrabiblos, p.83-87; 128-159), our inhabited world is divided roughly into four quarters by the two grand crossed lines: the north-west quarter, the south-east quarter, the north-east quarter and the south-west quarter, in other words, Europe, the South of Greater Asia, the North of Greater Asia and Libya (today Africa); the vertical line of demarcation passes the Red Sea, the Aegean Sea, the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and the horizontal line of demarcation passes the Mediterranean and its eastern prolongation of moutainous terrain; the point of intersection is situated at the eastern extremity of the Mediterranean in the south-eastern open sea off the island of Cyprus.

1° « The first quarter lies in the north-west of the whole inhabited world; it embraces Celtic Gaul and we give it the general name Europe. Opposite this is the south-eastern quarter; this includes eastern Ethiopia, which would be called the southern part of Greater Asia. Again, the north-eastern quarter of the whole inhabited world is that which contains Scythia, which likewise is the northern part of Greater Asia; and the quarter opposite this and toward the south-west wind, the quarter of western Ethiopia, is that which we call by the general term Libya.» (
id., p.131).

« Again, of each of the aforesaid quarters the parts which are placed closer to the centre of the inhabited world are placed in a contrary fashion with respect to the surrounding quarters, just as are the latter in comparison with the whole world; and since the European quarter lies in the north-west of the whole world, the parts about the centre, which are allied to the opposite angle, obviously are situated in the south-east part of the quarter. The same holds of the other quarters, so that each of them is related to two oppositely situated triangles; for while the other parts are in harmony with the general inclination of the quarter, the portions at the centre [of the world] share in familiarity with the opposite inclination.» (
id., p.131-133).

(a) « Under this arrangement, the remainder of the first quarter, by which I mean the European quarter, situated in the north-west of the inhabited world, is in familiarity with the north-western triangle, Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius, and is governed, as one would expect, by the lords of the triangle, Jupiter and Mars. In terms of whole nations these parts consist of Britain, (Transalpine) Gaul, Germany, Bastarnia (The south-western part of Russia and southern Poland), Italy, (Cisalpine) Gaul, Apulia, Sicily, Tyrrhenia [Corsica and Sardinia], Celtica [Portugal], and Spain. The parts of this quarter which are situated about the centre of the inhabited world, Thrace, Macedonia, Illyria, Hellas, Achaia, Crete, and likewise the Cyclades, and the coastal regions of Asia Minor and Cyprus, which are in the south-east portion of the whole quarter, have in addition familiarity with the south-east triangle, Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn, and its co‑rulers Venus, Saturn, and Mercury.» (
id., p.133-137).
 
(b) « Of the second quarter, which embraces the southern part of greater Asia, the other parts, including India, Ariana (north of Gedrosia), Gedrosia (modern Beluchistan), Parthia, Media, Persia, Babylonia, Mesopotamia, and Assyria, which are situated in the south-east of the whole inhabited world, are, as we might presume, familiar to the south-eastern triangle, Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn, and are governed by Venus and Saturn. India, Ariana, and Gedrosia have familiarity with Capricorn and Saturn. The remaining parts of the quarter, situated about the centre of the inhabited world, Idumaea, Coelê Syria, Judaea, Phoenicia, Chaldaea, Orchinia, and Arabia Felix, which are situated toward the north-west of the whole quarter, have additional familiarity with the north-western triangle, Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius, and furthermore, have as co‑rulers Jupiter, Mars, and Mercury.» (
id., p.139-143).

(c) « Of the third quarter, which includes the northern part of Greater Asia, the other parts, embracing Hyrcania, Armenia, Matiana, Bactriana, Casperia, Serica, Sauromatica, Oxiana, Sogdiana, and the regions in the north-east of the inhabited world, are in familiarity with the north-eastern triangle, Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius, and are, as might be expected, governed by Saturn and Jupiter. The remaining parts of this quarter, which lie close to the centre of the inhabited world, Bithynia, Phrygia, Colchica, Syria, Commagenê, Cappadocia, Lydia, Lycia, Cilicia, and Pamphylia, since they are situated in the south-west of the quarter, have in addition familiarity with the south-western quarter, Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces, and their co-rulers are Mars, Venus, and Mercury.» (id., p.145-147).

(d) « Of the remaining quarter, which includes what is called by the common name Libya, the other parts, including Numidia, Carthage, Africa, Phazania, Nasamonitis, Garamantica, Mauritania, Gaetulia, Metagonitis, and the regions situated in the south-west of the inhabited world, are related by familiarity to the south-western triangle, Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces, and are accordingly ruled by Mars and Venus. The remaining parts of the quarter, which are situated near the centre of the inhabited world, Cyrenaica, Marmarica, Egypt, Thebais, the Oasis, Troglodytica, Arabia, Azania, and Middle Ethiopia, which face the north-east of the whole quarter, have an additional familiarity with the north-eastern triangle Gemini, Libra and Aquarius, and therefore have as co-rulers Saturn and Jupiter and, further more, Mercury.» (
id., p.151-155).

And here is the list of the belligent countries against Germany, which is featured in the quatrain,  in WWII: Poland, Great Britain, Australia, India, New Zealand, France, South Africa, Canada, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, Greece, USSR, China, USA, Cuba, Dominika, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Haiti, Honduras, El Salvador, Czechoslovakia, Panama, Mexico, Brazil, Ethiopia, Irak, Bolivia, Iran, Italy (Badoglio government), Colombia, Liberia, San Marino, Rumania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Saudi-Arabia, Turkey, Finland and Argentina (Ploetz, 1998, p.757). These are the countries in some way damaged [in plunder] by Nazi Germany in WWII.

These are to be identified with the countries or the regional groups (a, b, c, d) enumerated in Ptolemy as follows:

Poland - Bastarnia (southern Poland).
Great Britain - Britain, Cyprus, Troglodytica.
Australia - b,
India - India.
New Zealand - b,
France - (Transalpine) Gaul, Tyrrhenia [Corsica], Mauritania, Metagonitis.Numidia, Carthage, Africa.
South Africa - d,
Canada- a,
Norway - a,
Denmark - a,
Netherlands - a,
Belgium - a,
Luxembourg - a,
Yugoslavia - Illyria.
Greece - Thrace, Macedonia, Hellas, Achaia, Crete, and likewise the Cyclades.
USSR - Bastarnia (The south-western part of Russia), Casperia, Sauromatica.
China - Serica.
USA - a,
Cuba - d,
Dominika - d,
Guatemala - d,
Nicaragua - d,
Haiti - d,
Honduras - d,
El Salvador - d,
Czechoslovakia - a,
Panama - d,
Mexico - d,
Brazil - d,
Ethiopia - Middle Ethiopia.
Irak - Babylonia, Mesopotamia, and Assyria, Chaldaea.
Bolivia - d,
Iran - Parthia, Media, Persia, Hyrcania, Matiana, Bactriana, Sogdiana, Oxiana, Gedrosia (modern Beluchistan), Ariana (north of Gedrosia).
Italy (Badoglio government) - Italy, (Cisalpine) Gaul, Apulia, Sicily, Tyrrhenia [Sardinia], Cyrenaica, Marmarica, Gaetulia, Garamantica, Phazania, Nasamonitis, Azania.
Colombia - d,
Liberia - d,
San Marino - a,
Rumania - a,
Bulgaria - a,
Hungary - a,
Ecuador - d,
Paraguay - d,
Peru - d,
Uruguay - d,
Venezuela - d,
Egypt - Egypt, Thebais, the Oasis, Judaea, Idumaea.
Syria - Syria, Coelê Syria, Phoenicia.
Lebanon - Phoenicia.
Saudi-Arabia - Arabia, Orchinia, Arabia Felix.
Turkey - the coastal regions of Asia Minor, Bithynia, Phrygia, Colchica, ..Commagenê, Cappadocia, Lydia, Lycia, Cilicia, Pamphylia, Armenia.
Finland – a,
and Argentina - d.

In this way, the last phrase: “Saturn, Lion, Mars, Cancer in plunder” expresses in its simplicity the truly world-wide scale of the Second World War.

Discussion:
1° The astronomical interpretation of the last line of the quatrain by Brind’Amour is itself incomplete, because he simply ignores the last phrase ‘en rapine’: « The Rhine shall no more water Cologne, and excepting the language, nothing shall be no more the same when Saturn shall occupy the Lion and Mars the Cancer, in May 1594.» (Brind’Amour, 1993, p.252). Moreover, There were 21 cases of “Saturn in the Lion and Mars in the Cancer” during the period: 1555-2000 (1564, 1566, May-June 1594, 1652, 1654, 1682, 1684, 1712, 1740, 1742, 1770, 1771, 1801, 1831, 1859, 1887, 1889, 1917, 1919, 1947, 1977), whose one case of his option, May 1594, cannot be without reason alleged as the most pertinent.

2° Ovason’s interpretation is arbitrary because he treats the verse « Saturne, Leo, Mars, Cancer en rapine », that is to be integrated as [a in A and b in B], separately as [a in A] and [b in B] (cf. Ovason, 1997, p.95-96). Moreover, if we accept his ingenious supposition that the verse in question should be translated into “Saturn, Sun, Mars and Moon in Aries ”, such an astronomical configuration occurred four times during the period: 1555-2000 as follows:
21–23 March 1556,
4–6 April 1761,
2–4 April 1791,
27-29 March 1998,
none of which is relevant to his main theme of the WWII.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.
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§850 Berlin & Germany, Vienna & Austria occupied by the Allies in WWII (1945): I-82.

I-82 (§850):

When the columns of wood a huge tremble,
Conducted by Auster, covered with red soil,
The great assembly shall settle so many outside of it,
Vienna and the country of Austria shall tremble.

(Quand les colomnes de bois grande tremblée
D'Auster conduicte couverte de rubriche
Tant vuïdera dehors grand assemblée,
Trembler Vienne & le païs d'Austriche.)

NOTES: The columns of wood: « The capital of Germany is represented here by “the columns of wood”, the trees, alluding to the Zoological Garden, or to the Street ‘Unter den Linden’.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.515).

Grande tremblée: For grand tremble in order to rhime with assemblée of the third line; « tremble, s.m., tremblement (a tremble).» (Godefroy).

Tremble, trembler: The phrase: The earth shall tremble, together with “A tremble of the earth”, is a manner of saying preferred by Nostradamus for expressing « A war/ a war to take place » (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.459). All of the 12 usages of this expression in the Prophecies of Nostradamus are in this sense without exception (I-20, I-46, I-93, II-52, III-3, VI-66, VI-88, VIII-29, IX-31, IX-83, X-60 and X-79). Moreover, of the other 24 phrases including the word “trembler (to tremble)”, 17 are yet in this sense (I-57, I-82bis, I-87, II-68, II-86, IV-54, IV-90, V-27, V-50, V-61, V-68, IX-33, IX-60bis, IX-94 and X-67) as well as the other 5 with an expression of ‘fear’ (III-88, IV-5, IV-36, V-23 and XII-65) and only the remaining 2 are allotted otherwise (II-64: enfeebling of laws; V-49: shake of the regime). In conclusion, 34 of 36 usages of the word “trembler (to tremble)” are designed to signify the war.

Auster: « Hitler is named here Auster, which is an allusion to his Austrian origin and also to his “austere” temperament.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.516).

Rubriche: = « RUBRIQUE. n.f. (Rubriche,
XIIIe; lat. rubrica « red soil, ocher »). » (Petit Robert).

Red soil: « An allusion either to the blood that shall have drenched the earth of this city or to the “Red Armies” that shall have covered the city with soil and ruins.» (Ionescu, id.). The reasonable option will be “Red Armies” because the preceding expression: “a huge tremble” with the meaning of terrible war can itself connote “blood-red soil”.

When the columns of wood a huge tremble, Conducted by Auster, covered with red soil,: = When the columns of wood [shall be] a huge tremble, conducted by Auster, and covered by red soil. The style of Nostradamus without a verb: « the columns of wood a huge tremble » is essentially analogous to the expression with a verb: « “I am become death, the destroyer of worlds.” Robert Oppenheimer, physicist and director of the Manhattan Project, quoting from the Bhagavid Gita on the first testing of the atomic bomb, 1945.» (Parker, 2010, p.357).

Vuïder: = « vider. To empty; To drain off; F
IG. To exhaust, to settle (a quarrel, a question).» (Dubois).

When the columns of wood a huge tremble, Conducted by Auster, covered with red soil,
The great assembly shall settle so many outside of it, Vienna and the country of Austria shall tremble
: When the city of Berlin conducted by Hitler shall be the huge battle, assailed by the Red Armies, outside of it the Allied Armies shall settle many other cities; Vienna and the whole Austria shall be warring. This is nothing but the last stage of the German and Austrian fronts in WWII: « The Soviet Invasion of Germany As millions of refugees fled in terror before the Soviet advance, the Red Army ground its way remorselessly from Warsaw to the Oder in the first months of 1945 and from March began attacks to conquer Czechoslovakia and Austria. By January 1945 the Soviets were ready to resume their main attacks into Germany. Some 4 million men and masses of tanks, guns and aircraft were set to advance all along the front, from southern Poland to the Baltic coast of Lithuania... PAUSE ON THE ELBE By February the Soviet spearheads seemed poised to drive on to Berlin, and probably could have done so relatively easily. However, for reasons that have never been clear, Stalin chose not to do this. Instead the Soviet forces spent several weeks taking control of Pomerania and southern Silesia. The best explanation seems to be that Stalin did not want the war to end before he had direct control of as much Polish and German territory as possible. And at this stage, with the Western Allies still fighting their way slowly to the Rhine, there seemed little prospect of them getting to Berlin first. The Soviet forces south of Poland did little attacking in the first months of 1945 but did finish off the siege of Budapest in February. Bizarrely there now followed Germany’s last significant offensive of the war. After the failure of the Battle of the Bulge, Hitler switched the elite Sixth SS Panzer Army to the Hungarian front and its attacks made limited gains in the Lake Balaton area in the first couple of weeks of March. These were retaken immediately the Soviet offensives resumed on 16 March. In April the Soviets conquered much of Austria [the country of Austria shall tremble] and by early May had moved well into Czechoslovakia. The successful Anglo-American Rhine crossing in March had by then brought a new urgency to the operations on the main fronts. At the end of March Stalin finally gave orders for the decisive attack on Berlin.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.184-185);

« MARCH 23 [1945] Western FrontMONTGOMERY’S 21st ARMY GROUP CROSSES THE RHINE AT WESEL (Op. Plunder): Montgomery issues Order of the Day: ‘21st Army Group will now cross the Rhine. The enemy possibly thinks he is safe behind this great river obstacle… we will show him he is far from safe behind it.’ Monty also isuues ‘no fraternization’ order to his troops.
MARCH 24 Russian Front – Russians capture Zoppot [Sopot], between Danzig [Gdańsk] and Gdynia []. Western Front – British Commandos occupy Wesel.
MARCH 25 Russian Front – Malinovsky breaks through W. of Budapest, crossing River Hron and capturing Esztergom. Western Front – Montgomery’s 4 bridgeheads over the Rhine merge into 48km-wide salient. 3rd Army captures Darmstadt.
MARCH 26 Western Front – Patton’s tanks cross Bavarian border. British troops capture Rees, near Wesel.
MARCH 27 Russian Front – Russians launch final attacks on Danzig and Gdynia. Western Front – Americans reach Limburg.
MARCH 28 Russian Front
– Rokossovsky captures Gdynia. Malinovsky takes Gyor (Hungary).
MARCH 29 Western Front
– US 7th Army captures Mannheim and Heidelberg.
MARCH 30 Russian FrontDanzig stormed by Rokossovsky’s 2nd Byelorussian Front. Tolbukhin enters Austria. Western Front – Patton issues Order of the Day to US 3rd Army: claims that in 7 weeks it has occupied 14,484 sq km of Germany, taken 3,072 inhabited places, killed or wounded 99,000, taken 140,000 prisoners and eliminated 2 German armies.
MARCH 31 Russian Front – Russians take Ratibor on Upper Oder.
APRIL 1 Russian Front – Russians take Sopron, SE. of Vienna. Koniev captures fortress of Glogow on the Oder.
APRIL 2 Western Front – Montgomery’s forces capture Rheine jet fighter base and Münster.
APRIL 3 Russian Front – Tolbukhin captures Wiener Neustadt.
APRIL 4 Russian FrontBratislava captured by Malinovsky. Western Front – Allied forces at Kassel, Gotha, Karlsruhe and Aschaffenburg.
APRIL 6 Russian Front – Russians enter suburbs of Vienna and launch final assault on Königsberg.
APRIL 8 Western Front – Americans enter Schweinfurt; French capture Pforzheim.
APRIL 9 Russian FrontFALL OF KÖNIGSBERG after 59-day siege. Tolbukhin’s troops smash their way into centre of Vienna. Western Front – Americans occupy Krupp’s Works at Essen.
APRIL 10 Western Front – Americans capture Hanover.
APRIL 12 Western Front – US 3rd Army takes Weimar.
APRIL 13 Western Front – Patton captures Jena. Russian FrontVIENNA CAPTURED [Vienna shall tremble] by Tolbukhin’s 3rd Ukrainian Front.
APRIL 14 Western FrontARNHEM CAPTURED BY BRITISH FORCES. Germans offer fierce resistance and demolish bridge before retreating. Patton captures Bayreuth.
APRIL 15 Western Front – US 1st Army captures Leuna. Colditz liberated.
APRIL 16 Russian FrontZHUKOV OPENS OFFENSIVE ON BERLIN. Western Front – Canadians take Gröningen; Americans enter Nuremberg.
APRIL 18 Western Front
– 370,000-strong Army Group B. surrenders in Ruhr ‘Pocket’.
APRIL 19 Russian Front – Russians secure bridgehead across R. Neisse and push towards Dresden. Western Front – US 1st Army captures Leipzig. 7th Army troops break through medieval walls of Nuremberg and eliminate fanatical SSgarrison.
APRIL 20 Western Front – ‘Stars and Stripes’ raised over rostrum of Nuremberg Stadium – scene of Nazi Party rallies.
APRIL 21 Russian Front
BATTLE OF BERLIN [the columns of wood a huge tremble]. ZHUKOV’S TROOPS ENTER SUBURBS. Konev attacks North of Dresden. Western Front – French occupy Stuttgart.
APRIL 22 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Russians capture Weissensee district. Hitler decides to remain in Berlin [the columns of wood… Conducted by Auster]. Western Front – US 7th Army captures bridge over Danube at Dillingen. Patton drives towards Regensburg.
APRIL 23 Russian FrontFrankfurt-on-Oder captured by Zhukov.
APRIL 24 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Konev’s and Zhukov’s troops link up in South suburbs. Western Front – British reach Bremen.
APRIL 25 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Zhukov and Konev forces near Potsdam to complete their ‘iron ring’ around the city.
APRIL 26 Russian/Western FrontRUSSIAN AND AMERICAN FORCES LINK UP at Torgau on the Elbe. Western Front – Battle of Berlin: Dahlem and Siemensstadt districts captured. Port of Stettin falls.
APRIL 27 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Russians capture suburbs of Potsdam, Spandau and Rathenow; central districts of Neukölln and Tempelhof. Western FrontBremen captured by British forces.
APRIL 29 Western Front – British capture Lauenburg, trapping German forces in Denmark. Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Hitler marries Eva Braun and dictates ‘Political Testament’; Russians capture Moabit power station and Anhalter railway terminal.
APRIL 30 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide in Führerbunker beneath Reichs Chancellery, Berlin, at 3.30 pm. Cremated with burning petrol in Chancellery Garden. Russian artillery bombards Chancellery; advancing infantry now only 2 blocks away. Western FrontMunich captured by US 7th Army.
MAY 1 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Goebbels and wife Magda poison their 6 children before committing suicide. Russians capture Charlottenburg and Schoeneburg districts. Home Front: Germany DÖNITZ ANNOUNCES DEATH OF HITLER (‘fighting in Berlin’); becomes second Führer of the Reich.
MAY 2 Russian Front/ Western FrontSTALIN ANNOUNCES FALL OF BERLIN in Order of the Day No. 359: ‘Troops of the 1st Byelorussian Front, commanded by Marshal Zhukov... have today May 2 completely captured Berlin... hotbed of German aggressions.’ Russians capture ports of Rostock and Warnemünde.
MAY 4 Western FrontSURRENDER OF ALL GERMAN FORCES IN NW. GERMANY, HOLLAND AND DENMARK to Field Marshal Montgomery at ceremony on Lüneberg Heath (surrender effective from 8 am, May 5).
MAY 7 DiplomacyUNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OF GERMANY. General Jodle signs instrument of surrender at 2.41 am in schoolroom at Rheims. Western Front – Allied forces occupy Emden and Wilhelmshaven and move into E. Holland and Denmark. Russian Front –Siege of Breslau ends after 82 days. 400,000 Germans captured.
MAY 8 Russian FrontDresden occupied by Russian forces.» (Argyle, 1980, p.180-185).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§851 Berlin desolated in WWII (1945): III-84.

III-84 (§851):

The big city shall be really desolated,
Even one of its habitants shall not remain:
Walls, ladies, temples, and virgins violated,
By tanks, guns, war damage, canon peoples shall die.

(La grand cité sera bien desolée
Des habitans un seul ny demeurra:
Mur, sexe, temple, & vierge violée
Par fer, feu, peste, canon peuple mourra.)

NOTES: Here is a compact interpretative commentary of the quatrain by Hogue: « … the final death agony of Hitler’s Nazi capital during the Battle of Berlin. By April of 1945 the city that had already been pulverized by a year of 1,000 Allied bomber raids was overwhelmed by a Soviet offensive of 1.2 million men. At the peak of the street battle 12,000 guns and 21,000multiple-rocket launchers bombarded Soviet and German soldiers alike in a chaotic maelstrom of street-to-street fighting. It is estimated that the month-long battle in Berlin and along the Oder Front cost 400,000 German and 500,000 Soviet military casualties, plus an extra 200,000 civilians killed and wounded. The victorious Soviet troops were known to have raped an excess of 50,000 German women, as revenge for the deaths of 21 million of their own people at the hands of the Nazis.» (Hogue, 1997, p.282); Cf. Sommerville, 2008, p.198-199: The Fall of Berlin.

Demeurra: = demeurera; Cf. « demorer (demorare), -ourer, -urer; retarder (to delay), rester (to rest), demeurer (to remain), habiter (to inhabit); Conjug. rad. demor, demeur; Fut.: je demorrai, -ourrai, etc.» (Daele).

Sexe: = the female sex as in the quatrain VII-8 (§680): Temple ne sexe ne sera pardonné; Cf.
« Sexe. Sexe féminin (Sex. The female sex).» (Huguet). But in the quatrains V-60 (tout sexe) and V-70 (tout sexe deu[x]) are meant all the sexes by the phrase in question. And the phrase: « gymnique sexe (the gymnastic sex) » (§909, IV-41) signifies “a division or genre of athletes” = « jeunes gens gymnastes (young gymnastic people) » (Ionescu, 1976, p.677) according to the original meaning of the Latin term: « secus, a division; hence sex.) » (Smith-Lockwood).

Peste (plague): = Disasters of war. This word, as well as the words pestilence, pestilent and pestifere (pestiferous), is figurative, non literal, for most of the expressions indicative of natural phenomena such as " earthquake, rain, tempest, dryness, inundation", etc. are not literal for Nostradamus, but figurative, describing metaphorically wars, revolts, social troubles, collective distress,
a sort of moral or mental and social disorder such as pernicious political ideology (Stalinism), inhuman collective mentality (Nazism), etc., conditioned principally by human comportments (cf. Introduction §5). In fact, of 38 usages of the words « peste », « pestilence », « pestilent» and « pestifere », 32 are figurative for the warlike and social disasters and menaces, only 5 literal (II-19, II-37, II-46, II-53 and II-65) and one for the real seism (VIII-84).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§852 Hitler’s birth in Austria, WWI and WWII (1889-1945): VIII-79.

VIII-79 (§852):

He who, born in Pannonia, shall lose his father by war,
Shall make her conceiving anew Gorgon’s blood,
In a foreign land shall do everything to hush,
Who shall burn himself and his graft.

(Qui par fer pere perdra nay de Nonnaire,
De Gorgon sur la fera sang perfetant
En terre estrange fera si tout de taire,
Qui bruslera luy mesme & son entant.)

NOTES: Here is a meaningful remark of interpretation: « Adolf Hitler, born in Austria, ruled Germany, and in the end perished in a bomb cellar in Berlin, probably burned to death.» (Roberts, 1969, p.260).

Nay de Nonnaire: = « born in Austria » (Roberts, id.) = Near the Rhine of the Austrian mountains Shall be born a great of the people having come too late (§800, III-58); Nonnaire [Nonnia/Nonniary], suggestive of a place-name of the birth of a person, is probably an apheresis of Pannonia (Austria). In fact in the quatrains concerning Adolf Hitler or Nazi Germany, the names Pannonia or Pannonians are employed: e.g., III-58 (§800), IX-90 (§810) and V-48 (§824).

Fer (iron): A metonymy for a weapon, a battle or a war; « FER, Métal ductile; Un instrument tranchant. Dans le style oratoire ou poétique, Poignard, épée et, en général, toute arme tranchante; Chaînes (IRON, Ductile metal [literal]; A sharp instrument. In the oratorical or poetic style, A dagger, sword and, in general, every sharp arm [figurative]; Chains).» (Littré). In fact, of 25 usages in all of the term fer in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, 18 are figurative (I-71, I-97, II-5, II-6, II-34, II-46, III-30, III-84, IV-34, IV-35, IV-47, V-2, VI-49, VI-68, VIII-79, IX-51, X-10 and X-65), 5 literal (I-10, I-84, II-24, IX-44 and IX-95) and 2 for chains (I-86 and V-28).

He who, born in Pannonia, shall lose his father by war: Hitler’s fatherland shall lose in WWI (1914-1918), the term pere (father) being unable here to mean the real father of Hitler because he had not died of war but of desease in January 1903 (
HM, № 123, p.C-778); « Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945), born in Braunau-on-the-Inn, Upper Austria; at school in Linz; lived in Vienna 1909-13, absorbing anti-semitic prejudices and ekeing out a miserable existence as a third-rate commercial artist; crossed the frontier and enlisted in the Bavarian infantry, 1914, serving as a Corporal on the Somme and twice gaining the Iron Cross.» (Palmer, p.127); « The Collapse of Empires and the Armistices The end had come with dramatic suddenness, as empires collapsed under internal and external pressures. It took most of the Allied military leaders by surprise. Foch was preparing for a 1919 campaign, but the ever-optimistic Haig had perceived that Germany could be defeated in 1918, and so it proved. As far as the German, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Empires were concerned it was a true Götterdämmerung, a twilight of the gods, or in this case of the imperial demigods which headed these empires: Kaiser Wilhelm II, the Emperor Karl and the Sultan, and their whole, aristocratic and undemocratic systems. The age of populist nationalism and totalitarian dictatorship was about to begin. The Armistice on 11 November ended the fighting between the Allies and Germany, the other ‘Central Powers’ having capitulated earlier: Bulgaria on 29 September, the Ottoman Empire on 30 October and Austria-Hungary on 3 November.» (Chasseaud, 2013, p.280-283).

Perfetant: = « conceiving anew » (Leoni, 1982, p.373).

Gorgon: Symbolizing the inhuman character of Hitler and the Nazis = Grand ennemy de tout le genre humain (the great enemy of all the human race) (§853, X-10); « The Gorgon was one of three snaky-haired sisters, whose ugliness turned the beholder to stone.» (Leoni, id., p.711).

Who Shall make her conceiving anew Gorgon’s blood, In a foreign land shall do everything to hush: « Hitler... In September 1919 he joined a small nationalist group which shortly took the name ‘National Socialist German Workers’ Party’ (N.S.D.A.P., soon derisively nicknamed ‘Nazi’) and discovered his power of demagogic oratory in open-air tirades in Munich against Jews and the Treaty of Versailles… After the successive failure of three Chancellors in as many years, Hindenburg appointed Hitler on January 30th, 1933, believing that the non-Nazi Vice-Chancellor, Franz von Papen, would curb excesses. Two months later, the Reichstag Fire provided Hitler with the opportunity of establishing a one-party régime, and on June 30th, 1934, he eliminated possible rivals by liquidating the Sturm Abteilungen group of Ernst Roehm and the supporters of Gregor Strasser, at the same time securing von Papen’s resignation. On Hindenburg’s death, Hitler was proclaimed ‘Fuehrer of the German Reich’ (August 2nd, 1934), to whom, as Head of State and Supreme Commander, all officers had to take an oath of loyalty [In a foreign land shall do everything to hush]. On November 5th, 1937, Hitler secretly instructed his commanders to prepare for an expansionist policy abroad, occupying Austria by the Anschluss [graft] of 1938 [Who Shall make her conceiving anew Gorgon’s blood (namely, the Nazi regime established in Austria in addition to Germany)] and Czechslovakia in October 1938 ans March 1939. His demands on Poland led to the Second World War (September 1939), which he considered he had won in the West when German troops entered Paris (June 1940). In 1941 he moved his troops eastward, but in attacking Russia he encountered heavy opposition and personally assumed command in the field on December 19th, 1941...» (Palmer, p.127-128).

Entant: = « greffe (transplant, graft), from the verb enter (to graft).» (Guinard, 2011, p.130).

Who shall burn himself and his graft: Hitler shall make Germany herself and its graft, Austria, burned and destroyed at the last stage of WWII:
« MARCH 23 [1945] Western FrontMONTGOMERY’S 21st ARMY GROUP CROSSES THE RHINE AT WESEL (Op. Plunder): Montgomery issues Order of the Day: ‘21st Army Group will now cross the Rhine. The enemy possibly thinks he is safe behind this great river obstacle… we will show him he is far from safe behind it.’ Monty also isuues ‘no fraternization’ order to his troops.
MARCH 30 Russian FrontDanzig stormed by Rokossovsky’s 2nd Byelorussian Front. Tolbukhin enters Austria. Western Front – Patton issues Order of the Day to US 3rd Army: claims that in 7 weeks it has occupied 14,484 sq km of Germany, taken 3,072 inhabited places, killed or wounded 99,000, taken 140,000 prisoners and eliminated 2 German armies.
APRIL 3 Russian Front – Tolbukhin captures Wiener Neustadt.
APRIL 13 Western Front – Patton captures Jena. Russian FrontVIENNA CAPTURED by Tolbukhin’s 3rd Ukrainian Front.
APRIL 14 Western FrontARNHEM CAPTURED BY BRITISH FORCES. Germans offer fierce resistance and demolish bridge before retreating. Patton captures Bayreuth.
APRIL 16 Russian FrontZHUKOV OPENS OFFENSIVE ON BERLIN. Western Front – Canadians take Gröningen; Americans enter Nuremberg.
APRIL 18 Western Front
– 370,000-strong Army Group B. surrenders in Ruhr ‘Pocket’.
APRIL 19 Russian Front – Russians secure bridgehead across R. Neisse and push towards Dresden. Western Front – US 1st Army captures Leipzig. 7th Army troops break through medieval walls of Nuremberg and eliminate fanatical SSgarrison.
APRIL 20 Western Front – ‘Stars and Stripes’ raised over rostrum of Nuremberg Stadium – scene of Nazi Party rallies.
APRIL 21 Russian Front
BATTLE OF BERLIN [the columns of wood a huge tremble]. ZHUKOV’S TROOPS ENTER SUBURBS. Konev attacks North of Dresden. Western Front – French occupy Stuttgart.
APRIL 22 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Russians capture Weissensee district. Hitler decides to remain in Berlin. Western Front – US 7th Army captures bridge over Danube at Dillingen. Patton drives towards Regensburg.
APRIL 23 Russian FrontFrankfurt-on-Oder captured by Zhukov.
APRIL 24 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Konev’s and Zhukov’s troops link up in South suburbs. Western Front – British reach Bremen.
APRIL 25 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Zhukov and Konev forces near Potsdam to complete their ‘iron ring’ around the city.
APRIL 26 Russian/Western FrontRUSSIAN AND AMERICAN FORCES LINK UP at Torgau on the Elbe. Western Front – Battle of Berlin: Dahlem and Siemensstadt districts captured. Port of Stettin falls.
APRIL 27 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Russians capture suburbs of Potsdam, Spandau and Rathenow; central districts of Neukölln and Tempelhof. Western FrontBremen captured by British forces.
APRIL 29 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Hitler marries Eva Braun and dictates ‘Political Testament’.
APRIL 30 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Hitler and Eva Braun commit suicide in Führerbunker beneath Reichs Chancellery, Berlin, at 3.30 pm. Cremated with burning petrol in Chancellery Garden. Russian artillery bombards Chancellery; advancing infantry now only 2 blocks away. Western FrontMunich captured by US 7th Army.
MAY 1 Russian Front – Battle of Berlin: Goebbels and wife Magda poison their 6 children before committing suicide. Home Front: Germany DÖNITZ ANNOUNCES DEATH OF HITLER (‘fighting in Berlin’); becomes second Führer of the Reich.
MAY 2 Russian Front/ Western FrontSTALIN ANNOUNCES FALL OF BERLIN in Order of the Day No. 359: ‘Troops of the 1st Byelorussian Front, commanded by Marshal Zhukov... have today May 2 completely captured Berlin... hotbed of German aggressions.’ MAY 4 Western FrontSURRENDER OF ALL GERMAN FORCES IN NW. GERMANY, HOLLAND AND DENMARK to Field Marshal Montgomery at ceremony on Lüneberg Heath (surrender effective from 8 am, May 5).
MAY 7 DiplomacyUNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OF GERMANY. General Jodle signs instrument of surrender at 2.41 am in schoolroom at Rheims.» (Argyle, 1980, p.180-185).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§853 The inhuman Hitler (1933-1945): X-10.

X-10 (§853):

The business of murder, enormous vices,
A great enemy of all the human race:
Who shall be worse than his ancestors, uncles and fathers,
Sanguinary and inhuman in iron, fire and water.

(Tasche de murdre enormes adulteres,
Grand ennemy de tout le genre humain
Que sera pire qu'ayeulx, oncles, ne peres
En fer, feu, eau, sanguin & inhumain.)

NOTES: « Peut désigner Hitler - ou l’Antéchrist à venir (This quatrain may designate Hitler – or the Antichrist to come).» (Hutin, 1972, p.299); « Années 1940. Hitler aura pour but d’exterminer et de faire naître artificiellement, dans les Lebensborns, une « race pure ». Il se montrera le grand ennemi du genre humain et sera pire que ses ancêtres, ses semblables, et que le « petit père des peuples », Staline. Il fera couler le sang, répandra la guerre et suscitera les troubles en manifestant un caractère sanguinaire et inhumain (Years 1940s. Hitler shall have an objective of exterminating and of making generate artificially, in the Fountains of Life, a “pure race”. He shall show himself a great enemy of the mankind and become worse than his ancestors and fellow creatures, and than “the uncle of the peoples”, Stalin. He shall make shed the blood, expand the war and arouse troubles by manifesting a sanguinary and inhuman character).» (Luni, 1998, p,383).

Tasche: = tâche (a task, a work).

Murdre: = meurtre (a murder, a homicide); « murdre, murtre, dialectal forms of meurdre, meurtre(Daele).

Tasche de murdre: = « son œuvre de mort (his work of death) » (Fontbrune, 1976, p.322) = « the mighty and powerful King: After conquests he shall murder innocents » (§790, IV-86).

Adulteres: = vices; « Adulteres: désigne des actions coupables n’ayant rien de commun avec le fait de tromper son conjoint (Adulteries designate guilty actions having nothing common to the fact of deceiving one’s spouse).» (Clébert, 2003, p.1072).

Que: = qui. The nominative relative pronoun “qui” is replaced frequently by “que” in the Prophecies of Nostradamus according to the exceptional usages of the XVIth century): « As regards the relative pronoun, the most noteworthy feature is the use of que for qui in the nominative, first as a singular, and later as a plural pronoun as well.» (Rickard, p.70). Cf. ung monarque qu'en paix & vie ne sera longuement (§490, I-4), Celui qu'aura la charge de destruire temples & sectes (§261, I-96), Le chef qu'aura conduit peuple infini (§428, I-98), L'arbre qu'avoit par long temps mort seché (§603, III-91) and also I-99, II-10, III-54, III-94, V-38, VI-15, VI-19, VIII-28, VIII-88, IX-29 and X-22.

Fer (iron): A metonymy for a weapon, a battle or a war; « FER, Métal ductile; Un instrument tranchant. Dans le style oratoire ou poétique, Poignard, épée et, en général, toute arme tranchante; Chaînes (IRON, Ductile metal [literal]; A sharp instrument. In the oratorical or poetic style, A dagger, sword and, in general, every sharp arm [figurative]; Chains).» (Littré). In fact, of 25 usages in all of the term fer in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, 18 are figurative (I-71, I-97, II-5, II-6, II-34, II-46, III-30, III-84, IV-34, IV-35, IV-47, V-2, VI-49, VI-68, VIII-79, IX-51, X-10 and X-65), 5 literal (I-10, I-84, II-24, IX-44 and IX-95) and 2 for chains (I-86 and V-28).

Feu (Fire): Of 81 usages in all of the term feu in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, 53 are figurative for warfare, combats, armed conflicts or military confrontations, 7 for bombs or explosives (II-91, II-92, V-8bis, V-34, VI-34 and VIII-10), 5 for light (I-42, IV-35, IX-9bis and X-6), 4 for fires (I-87, II-35, II-77 and VI-97), 4 for strong and feverish characters (IV-23, VIII-1, IX-29 and X-53), 3 for executions (III-80, IV-28 and IV-31), 2 for comets (II-46 and IV-67), 1 for radioactivity (V-98), furnaces (X-10) and an adj. late/deceased/defunt (XII-69) respectively.


Eau (Water): = mass mobilization; « The waters are peoples, the crowd, races and languages (Apoc., XVII, 15), namely the masses of ancient Rome blaspheming and persecuting the Christians. Thence the inundation, invasion, overflowing of the peoples).» (Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.204; p.111. Cf. Torné-Chavigny, 1862, p.38-39), or « drowning by the revolutionaries » (id. 1861, p.94). Of 30 examples of the words eau, eaue, eaux and eaulx, 11 are in this sense: I-11, II-54, II-87, III-70, V-86, V-87, VI-10, VIII-7, IX-51, X-10 and X-60.

Sanguin: = sanguinaire (sanguinary).

The business of murder, enormous vices, A great enemy of all the human race: Who shall be worse than his ancestors, uncles and fathers, Sanguinary and inhuman in iron, fire and water
: « Hitler’s anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish) policy was popular with many Germans to begin with. There were only just over half a million Jews in Germany, a tiny proportion of the population, but Hitler decided to use them as scapegoats for everything – the humiliation at Versailles, the depression, unemployment and communism – and claimed that there was a world Jewish plot. Lots of Germans were in such a desperate situation that they were prepared to accept the propaganda about the Jews and were not sorry to see thousands of them removed from their jobs as lawyers, doctors, teachers and journalists. The campaign was given legal status by the Nuremberg Laws (1935), which deprived Jews of their German citizenship, forbade them to marry non-Jews (to preserve the purity of the Aryan race) and ruled that even a person with only one Jewish grandparent must be classed as a Jew. Later the policy became more extreme. Jews were harassed in every possible way; their property was attacked and burnt, shops looted, synagogues destroyed, and they themselves herded into concentration camps. Eventually the terrible nature of what Hitler called his ‘final solution’ of the Jewish problem became clear: he intended to exterminate the entire Jewish race [The business of murder, enormous vices]. As the Germans occupied countries such as Czechoslovakia, Poland and western Russia, he was able to lay his hands on non-German Jews as well. It is believed that by 1945, out of a total of nine million Jews living in Europe at the outbreak of the Second World War, six million had been murdered, most of them in the gas chambers of the Nazi extermination camps.» (Lowe, 1988, p.143).


The thoroughgoing Racism of the Nazi; « The race theory was that mankind could be divided into two groups, Aryans and non-Aryans. The Aryans were the Germans, ideally tall, blond and handsome; they were the master race destined to rule the world. All the rest, such as Slavs, coloured peoples and particularly Jews were inferior and were destined to become the slave races of the Germans [A great enemy of all the human race: Who shall be worse than his ancestors, uncles and fathers].» (Lowe, id., p.136).

« The CIA file on Heinrich Mueller, chief of Hitler's Gestapo and a major Nazi war criminal, sheds important new light on U.S. and international efforts to find Mueller after his disappearance in May 1945. As Gestapo chief, Mueller oversaw the implementation of Hitler's policies against Jews and other groups deemed a threat to the state. The notorious Adolf Eichmann, who headed the Gestapo's Office of Resettlement and then its Office of Jewish Affairs, was Mueller's immediate subordinate. Once World War II began, Mueller and Eichmann planned key components in the deportation and then extermination of Europe's Jews... The CIA file, by itself, does not permit definitive conclusions. Taking into account the currently available records of the War Room as well as other documents in the National Archives, the authors of this report conclude that Mueller most likely died in Berlin in early May 1945.» (Naftali, T. et al., 2016); « For the purposes of general supervision and repression the Gestapo modelled itself closely on the Soviet Secret Police. Himmler had at his command an extremely able police-officer, Heinrich Mueller, who became known as Gestapo Mueller, a close and devoted student of Soviet methods.» (Crankshaw, 1966, p.66).

« The final solution became fact from the spring of 1942. The first mass-gassings began at Belzec on 17 March 1942. This camp had the capacity to kill 15,000 a day. The next month came Sobibor (20,000 a day), Treblinka and Maidanek (25,000) and Auschwitz, which Hoess called ‘the greatest institution for human annihilation [A great enemy of all the human race] of all time’. The documentation on the genocide is enormous. The figures almost defy belief. By December 1941 Hitler had about 8,700,000 Jews under his rule. Of these he had by early 1945 murdered at least 5,800,000. At Auschwitz, where 2 million were murdered, the process was run like a large-scale industrial operation. German firms submitted competitive tenders for the ‘processing unit’, which had to possess ‘capacity to dispose of 2,000 bodies every twelve hours’. The five furnaces [Sanguinary and inhuman in fire] were supplied by the German firm of Topt & Co of Erfurt. The gas chambers, described as ‘corpse cellars’, were designed by German Armaments Incorporated, to a specification requiring ‘gas-proof doors with rubber surround and observation post of double 8-millimetre glass (Martin Gilbert, Final Journey: the Fate of the Jews in Nazi Europe, London, 1979, 69-70). The ground over the gassing-cellars was a well-kept lawn, broken by concrete mushrooms, covering shafts through which the ‘sanitary orderlies’ pushed the amethyst-blue crystals of Zyklon-B. The victims marched into the cellars, which they were told were baths, and did not at first notice the gas coming from perforations in metal columns:

Then they would feel the gas and crowd together away from the menacing columns and finally stampede towards the huge metal door with its little window, where they piled up in one blue clammy blood-spattered pyramid, clawing and mauling at each other even in death. Twenty-five minutes later the ‘exhauster’ electric pumps removed the gas-laden air, the great metal door slid open, and the men of the Jewish Sonderkommando entered, wearing gas-masks and gumboots and carrying hoses, for their first task was to remove the blood and defecations before dragging the clawing dead apart with nooses and hooks, the prelude to the ghastly search for gold and the removal of the teeth and hair which were regarded by the Germans as strategic materials. Then the journey by lift or rail-wagon to the furnaces, the mill that ground the clinker to fine ash, and the lorry that scattered the ashes in the stream of the Sola. (Quoted from Gerald Reitlinger, The Final Solution, London, 1953).

In fact, to save money inadequate quantities of the expensive gas were often used, so the healthy victims were merely stunned and were then burned alive (Gilbert, Final Journey, 77-8).» (Johnson, 1991, p.415-416).

Cf. “The maintainers (§793, X-31): Les soustenens (= les soutenants = the maintainers): This term specifies the defenders or partisans (souteneurs) of Hitler as his most reliable subordinates (his staff), its true meaning being « a person who maintains a thesis of doctorate.» (Petit Robert): 1° Reinhard Heydrich (1904-†4 June, 1942): « ... the key document in the genocide programmes appears to be an order issued (on the Führer’s authority) by Goering on 31 July 1941 to Himmler’s deputy and SD [Sicherheitsdienst, Security Service to watch Roehm’s SA] Chief, Reinhard Heydrich, whom Hitler called ‘the man with an iron heart’. This spoke of a total solution, Gesamtlösung, and a final solution, Endlösung, ‘to solve the Jewish problem’. Goering defined ‘final’ to Heydrich verbally, repeating Hitler’s own verbal orders: according to the evidence given at his trial in 1961 by Adolf Eichmann, whom Heydrich appointed his deputy, it meant ‘the planned biological destruction of the Jewish race in the Eastern territories’. The operative date for the programme was April 1942, to give time for preparation. The executive conference, which settled the details, was organized by Eichmann and chaired by Heydrich at Wannsee on 20 January 1942. By now much evidence had been accumulated about killing methods. Since June 1941, on Himmler’s instructions, Rudolf Hoess, commander of Camp ‘A’ at Auschwitz-Birkenau, had been experimenting. Shooting was too slow and messy. Carbon monoxide gas was found too slow also. Then in August 1941, using 500 Soviet POWs as guinea-pigs, Hoess conducted a mass-killing with Zyklon-B. This was made by a pest-control firm, Degesch, the vermin combatting corporation, a satellite of I.G.Farben. Discovering Zyklon-B, said Hoess, ‘set my mind at rest’. A huge SS order went out for the gas, with instructions to omit the ‘indicator’ component, which warned human beings of the danger. I.G.Farben’s dividends from Degesch doubled, 1942-4, at least one director knew of the use being made of the gas: the only protest from Degesch was that omitting the ‘indicator’ might endanger their patent...» (Johnson, 1991, p.414-415); 2° Joseph Goebbels (1897-†1 May, 1945): « From 1933 to 1945 he was Minister of Enlightenment and Propaganda, his cynical understanding of mass psychology [mass mobilization] making him a formidable figure. In the last days of the war he committed suicide in Hitler’s bunker after killing his wife and children.» (Palmer, p.115); « Goebbels, the most socialist-minded of the leading Nazis, became Hitler’s closest adviser, and was allowed to radicalize the war effort, ordering total mobilization [mass mobilization], the conscription of women, the shutting of theatres and other long-resisted measures. Hitler clung to the image of Frederick the Great, surviving hopeless encirclement. He and Goebbels read together Carlyle’s weird, multi-volume biography of the King, thus dealing a stunning blow to the already shaky reputation of the old Scotch sage.» (Johnson, 1991, p.412); 3° Heinrich Himmler (1900-†23 May, 1945): « He was made commander of the unified German police forces in 1936, head of Reich Administration in 1939 and Minister of the Interior, 1943. His ruthless direction of the secret police (Gestapo) made him a sinister figure among the Nazi leaders, responsible for many atrocities. He was arrested in hiding by British troops on May 21st, 1945, and committed suicide two days later.» (Palmer, p.126); « Obersleutnant Ulrich de Maizière, a general staff officer who witnessed the emotional storms in the Führer bunker that day [on 22 April 1945], became convinced that Hitler’s ‘mental sickness consisted of a hypertrophic self-identification with the German people’. Hitler now felt that the population of Berlin should share his suicide. Magda Goebbels, who believed that a Germany without Hitler was a world not worth living in, brought her six children down into the bunker that night. Staff officers gazed in horror, sensing immediately the end in store for them.» (Beevor, 2012, p.746-747).

Cf. “The young Nero (§794, IX-53) = « Himmler.» (Centurio, 1953, p.202); (Ionescu, 1976, p.503); Cf. « l’inhumain Neron (the inhuman Nero)» (§515, IX-76): a historical metaphor for la Terreur (the Terror), as « le tiers premier pys que ne feit Neron (the Third Estate in power worse than Nero does)» (§382, IX-17) for the revolutionary Government in the French Revolution, and « un fils Agrippe (a son of Agrippina = Nero)» (§374, VI-91) for the National Convention.

« Everyone knew Hitler’s aims were ambitious. The German masses believed they could and would be attained without war, by assertive diplomacy, backed by armed strength. The generals were told that war would almost certainly be necessary, but that it would be limited and short. In fact Hitler’s real programme was far more extensive than the generals, let alone the masses, realized and necessarily involved not merely war but a series of war. Hitler meant what he said when he wrote Mein Kampf: ‘Germany must either be a world power or there will be no Germany.’ Hitler’s aims can be reconstructed not merely from Mein Kampf itself, with its stress on the ‘East Policy’, but from his early speeches and the so-called ‘Second’ or Secret Book of 1928. This material makes it clear that the ‘cleansing’ process – the elimination of the Jews – was essential to the whole long-term strategy. Being a race-socialist as opposed to a class-socialist, Hitler believed the dynamic of history was race. The dynamic was interrupted when race-poisoning took place. The poison came, above all, from the Jews. He admired Jews as ‘negative supermen’. In his Table-Talk he said that if 5,000 Jews emigrated to Sweden, in no time at all they would occupy all the key positions: this was because ‘blood purity’, as he put it in Mein Kampf, ‘is a thing the Jew preserves better than any other people on earth’. The Germans, on the other hand, had been ‘poisoned’. That was why they lost the First World War. Even he was poisoned: that was why he occasionally made mistakes – ‘all of us suffer from the sickness of mixed, corrupt blood’. Hitler calculated it would need a hundred years for his regime to eliminate racial poisoning in Germany: on the other hand, if Germany became the first nation-race to do so successfully, it would inevitably become ‘lord of the Earth’ (Mein Kampf).» (Johnson, 1991, p.342-343); « What distinguished Hitlerian race-theory was, first, this rooted belief that ‘cleansing’ could make Germany the first true superpower, and ultimately the first paramount power in the world [A great enemy of all the human race]; and, secondly, his absolute conviction that ‘Jewish race-poison’ and Bolshevism were one and the same phenomenon... Hitler’s full programme, therefore, was as follows. First, gain control of Germany itself, and begin the cleansing process at home. Second, destroy the Versailles settlement and establish Germany as the dominant power in Central Europe. All this could be achieved without war. Third, on this power base, destroy the Soviet Union (by war) to rid the ‘breeding-ground’ of the ‘bacillus’ and, by colonization, create a solid economic and strategic power-base from which to establish a continental empire, in which France and Italy would be mere satellites. In the fourth stage Germany would acquire a large colonial empire in Africa, plus a big ocean navy, to make her one of the four superpowers, in addition to Britain, Japan and the United States. Finally, in the generation after his death, Hitler envisaged a decisive struggle between Germany and the United States for world domination. No one since Napoleon had thought in such audacious terms. In its gigantic scope the concept was Alexandrine. Yet until he was engulfed by the war he made, Hitler was always pragmatic. Like Lenin he was a superb opportunist, always ready to seize openings and modify his theory accordingly. This has led some historians to conclude he had no master-programme. In fact, while always adjusting the tactics to suit the moment, he pursued his long term strategy with a brutal determination which has seldom been equalled in the history of human ambition. Unlike most tyrants, he was never tempted to relax by a surfeit of autocratic power. Quite the contrary. He was always raising the stakes on the table and seeking to hasten the pace of history. He feared his revolution would lose its dynamism...» (Johnson, id., p.343-344).

Sanguinary and inhuman in iron: « The pilotless guided aircraft (V1) appealed strongly to his [Hitler’s] highly developed sense of military economy. It was one of the most cost-effective weapons ever produced. For the price of one Lancaster bomber, crew-training, bombs and fuel, Hitler could fire well over three hundred V1s, each with a ton of high-explosive, a range of 200 miles and a better chance of reaching its target. In the period 12 June-1 September 1944, for an expenditure of £12,600,190, the V1 offensive cost the Allies £47,645,190 in loss of production, extra anti-aircraft and fighter defences, and aircraft crews in the bombing offensive against the sites. The Air Ministry reported (4 November 1944): ‘The results were greatly in the enemy’s favour, the estimated ratio of our costs to his being nearly four to one.’ Only 185 Germans lost their lives, against 7,810 Allies (including 1,950 trained airmen). The V1s were damaging 20,000 houses a day in July 1944 and the effect on London morale was very serious [Sanguinary and inhuman in iron].» (Johnson, 1991, p.405-406); « Hitler’s only prospect of achieving stalemate by a decisive technical advance lay in marrying the A10 [projected intercontinental] rocket to a nuclear payload. There was never much prospect of him achieving this within the time-scale of the war. Yet there was a continuing fear on the Allied side that Hitler would come into possession of atomic bombs [Sanguinary and inhuman in iron]… Hence the real father of the atomic bombs was Hitler and the spectres his horrifying will conjured up. In March 1940 Otto Frisch and Rudolf Peierls of Birmingham University produced an astonishing memorandum, of three typed pages, showing how to make a bomb of enriched uranium. The high-powered ‘Maud’ Committee (whimsically called after Maud Ray, a Kentish governess) was created to crash-develop the idea. In June it was joined by the French nuclear team, who brought with them the world’s entire stock of heavy water, which they had snatched from Norway: 185 kilograms in twenty-six cans, which was first temporarily housed in Wormwood Scrubs prison, ten put in the library at Windsor Castle. At Einstein’s request (he also feared an ‘anti-Semitic bomb’), Roosevelt had set up an ‘Uranium Committee’ in October 1939. It was jolted into activity in the autumn of 1940 when the two leaders of the British scientific war-effort, Sir Henry Tizard and Sir John Cockcroft, went to Washington taking with them a ‘black box’ containing, among other things, all the secrets of the British atomic programme. At that time Britain was several months ahead of any other nation, and moving faster. Plans for a separation plant were completed in December 1940 and by the following March the atomic bomb had ceased to be a matter of scientific speculation and was moving into the arena of industrial technology and engineering. The Maud Report became the basis for America’s ‘Manhattan’ project, with a bufget of $2 billion, which spent $1 billion in 1944 alone. In order to race Hitler to the bomb (as they thought), three completely different methods of producing bomb-material, two types of uranium enrichment plants (gaseous diffusion and electro-magnetic) and a set of plutonium reactors, were pursued simultaneously. Each involved building some of the largest factories ever conceived. The project was under the direction of an army engineer general, Leslie Groves, who shared to the full the giganticist philosophy of the new Forties phase of American capitalism. Given a clear and attainable objective, he was impervious to qualitative or quantitative difficulties. He took a fierce delight in prodigality. ‘We have so many PhDs now that we can’t keep track of them’, he boasted. He asked the American Treasury for thousands of tons of silver for electric wiring and was told: ‘In the Treasury we do not speak of tons of silver. Our unit is the troy ounce.’ But he got the silver. The effort to invent nuclear power involved creating a series of new technologies: the first fully automated factory, the first plant operated by remote control, the first wholly sterile industrial process – 6 million square feet of leak-proof machinery – and a variety of revolutionary gadgets. The waste was enormous, and much of it in retrospect seemed inexcusable. But the war is about waste; war is waste. The Americans were compressing perhaps three decades of scientific engineering progress into four years. There was no other way of being sure to get the bomb. There was no other country or system which could have produced this certainty. It was Hitler’s bomb; it was also and above all a capitalist bomb. In its colossal destructive power, it was an archetypal Hitler weapon: the destroyer-state incarnate.» (Johnson, id., p.406-409).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§854 The utmost disasters of WWII (1921-1945): II-75.

II-75 (§854):

The voice of an unusual bird heard,
On the spout of the ventilative story,
The bushel of wheat shall cost so high,
That men shall be anthropophagous of men.

(La voix ouye de l'insolit oyseau,
Sur le canon du respiral estaige,
Si haut viendra du froment le boisseau,
Que l'homme d'homme sera Antropophage.)

NOTES: Canon: = « TECHN. Spout, pipe, barrel.» (Dubois).

Respiral: Probably the adjective form coined by Nostradamus of « Respirail. Ouverture pour l’aération (An opening for ventilation).» (Huguet).

Le respiral estaige: = the ventilative story = « Söller, die Plattform des Hauses, wo man frische Luft schöpft (A loft, a story of the house, where fresh air is scooped).» (Centurio, 1953, p.62).

« Huy 1. Cri. – Suyvez le roy, et qu’il n’y ait celuy Qui près de luy ne face ung plaisant huy (A cry. – Follow the king, and be not anyone Who would not make a pleasant cry beside him). Anc. Poés. franç., VIII, 85; Huy 2. Aujourd’hui (Today).» (Huguet).

The voice of an unusual bird heard, On the spout of the ventilative story: This unaccustomed bird, whose voice is like that of some kind of bird on a chimney of a house, is not be able to be ‘aircraft or anti-aircraft’ (Centurio, id.) nor ‘a space flying machine’ (Ionescu, 1976, p.706) because these dynamic objects cannot stay on a chimney like a bird and their explosive roarings do not simulate voices of birds. The answer is in the following paragraph of Nostradamus’ Epistle to Henry II as Clébert remarks it (Clébert, 2003, p.309):

« ... encores par la derniere foy trembleront tous les Royaumes de Chrestienté & aussi des infidelles par l'espace de 25. ans, & seront plus grieves guerres & batailles, & seront villes citez chasteaux & tous autres edifices bruslez desolez destruictz, avec grande effusion de sang vestal, mariees, & vefves violees, enfans de laict contre les murs des villes allidez & brisez, & tant de maux se commettront par le moyen de Satan prince infernal, que presque le monde universel se trouvera defaict & desolé, & avant iceulx advenemens aucuns oyseaulx insolites crieront par l'air.
Huy, huy, & seront apres quelque temps esvanouys.» (№3, p.21-22; №10, p.171-172) [& again (for the last time) all the Kingdoms of Christianity and those of the infidels shall tremble for the space of twenty-five years, & there shall be even more terrible wars & battles, & towns, cities, castles & all the other buildings shall be burned, sacked, & destroyed with great shedding of virgin blood, wives & widows raped, suckling babes dashed & shattered against city walls, & so many evils shall be committed through the influence of Satan, Prince of Hell, that almost the entire world shall find itself undone & abandoned, & before these events a number of fabulous birds shall cry out Huy huy in midair & then swiftly vanish,…] (Sieburth, 2012, p.206).

This is almost the exact description of the Second World War, where by the phrase in question we can easily imagine the frequent siren whisling of air-raid alarms (the Nostradamic naming “an unusual bird” of the alarming siren is well founded because the original sense of the mythological Siren was probably ‘bird’ [cf. Skeat, s.v.]. Moreover, the two images in common prelude to a possible urgent death), except the comment of “
for the space of twenty-five years”. But, if we trace the WWII back to its remotest origin, we find ourselves in face of the Versailles Treaty seriously unpleasant with the Germans, whose critical resentments were to be personified in the character and policies of Adolf Hitler who will unleash, in power, the fatal war.

« 1921 Jan: 24th (-29th), Paris conference of the Allies fixes Germany’s reparation payments; Mar: 8th, French troops occupy Düsseldorf and other towns in Ruhr on grounds of Germany’s failure to make preliminary reparations payment; 23rd, Germany announces she will be unable to pay £600 mill. due as reparations on May 1st; Apr: 24th, Germany unsuccessfully asks U.S. to mediate in reparations controversy; 27th, Reparations Commission fixes Germany’s total liability at £6,650 mill.; May: 2nd, French troops are mobilised for occupation of Ruhr; 5th, Allied Supreme Council warns Germany that failure to pay reparations, by 12th, will lead to occupation of Ruhr; 10th, in German cabinet crisis Julius Wirth, Catholic Centre Party, becomes chancellor; 11th, Germany accepts Allies’ ultimatum on reparations.» (Williams, 1968, p.486-488);

« 1930 Sep: 14th (-29th), in German elections Socialists with 143 seats and Communists 77, but National Socialists (Nazis), denouncing Versailles Treaty, gain 107 seats from Moderates; 1933 Jan: 30th, Adolf Hitler is appointed Chancellor, forming a Nazi cabinet with Franz von Papen vice-chancellor; Mar: 5th, in German elections Nazis win 288 seats, Socialists, 120, Communists, 81, Centre, 74, and Nationalists, 52; 23rd, enabling law in Germany grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers until Apr. 1937; 1934 Aug: 19th, German plebiscite approves vesting of sole executing power in Adolf Hitler as Führer; 1935 Mar: 16th, Germany repudiates disarmament clauses of Versailles Treaty; 1936 Mar: 7th, Germany violates Treaty of Versailles by occupying demilitarized zone of Rhineland; Nov: 14th, Germany denounces clauses of Versailles Treaty about internationalization of her waterways.» (Williams, 1968, p.526-554); « What was it about the Nazis that made them so popular? (i) They offered national unity, prosperity and full employment by ridding Germany of what they claimed were the real causes of the troubles – Marxists, the ‘November criminals’ (those who had agreed to the armistice in November 1918 and later the Versailles Treaty), Jesuites, Freemasons and, above all, Jews. Great play was made in Nazi propaganda with the ‘stab in the back’ myth (In 1919, the view was widespread that the army had not been defeated: it had been betrayed – ‘stabbed in the back’ – by the democrats who had needlessly agreed to the Versailles Treaty. What most Germans did not realize was that it was Ludendorff who had asked for an armistice while the Kaiser was still in power. However, the ‘stab in the back’ legend was eagerly fostered by all enemies of the republic [Lowe, 1988, p.127]). (ii) They promised to overthrow the Versailles settlement, so unpopular with most Germans, and to build Germany into a great power again. This would include bringing all Germans (in Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland) back into the Reich. (iii) The Nazi private army, the SA (Sturmabteilung – Storm Troopers), was attractive to young people out of work; it gave them a small wage and a uniform. (iv) Wealthy landowners and industrialists encouraged the Nazis because they feared a communist revolution and they approved of the Nazi policy of hostility to communists. (v) Hitler himself had extraordinary political abilities. He possessed tremendous energy and will power and a remarkable gift for public speaking which enabled him to put forward his ideas with great emotional force. (vi) The striking contrast between the governments of the Weimar Republic and the Nazi party impressed people: the former were cautious, respectable, dull and unable to maintain order, the latter promised strong, decisive government and the restoration of national pride – an irresistible combination. (vii) Without the economic crisis though, it is doubtful whether Hitler would have had much chance of attaining power; it was the widespread unemployment and social misery which gained the Nazis mass support, not only among the working classes but also among the lower-middle classes – office workers, shopkeepers, civil servants, teachers and small-scale farmers.» (Lowe,1988, p.133-134).

« 1939 Sep: 1st, Germany invades Poland and annexes Danzig; 1940 May: 10th, Germany invades Holland, Luxembourg and Belgium; 14th, German troops turn the line of the Albert Canal and pierce French defences near Sedan; Jun: 14th, Germans enter Paris; 1945 Apr: 23rd, junction of U.S. and U.S.S.R. forces at Torgau; 30th, death of Adolf Hitler in Berlin; May: 7th, General Jodle makes final capitulation of Germany to General Dwight Eisenhower near Reims.» (Williams, id., p.570-596).

The bushel of wheat shall cost so high, That men shall be anthropophagous of men
: This is a briefest summary of peoples’ need and a great number of war dead in WWII;
« European dwellings destroyed: (% of pre-war dwellings):
Poland, 21.5
Greece, 20.7
Netherlands, 7.8
France, 7.6
Great Britain, 6.5
Belgium, 6.2
Italy, 4.9
Hungary, 3.9
Norway, 3.6
Czechoslovakia, 3.4

The numbers of war dead
(thousands):
USSR, 20,000
Poland, 4,320
Germany, 4,200
China, 2,200
Japan, 1,219
France, 600
Romania, 460
Hungary, 420
Italy, 410
USA, 406
Great Britain, 388
Czechoslovakia, 365
Austria, 334
Netherlands, 210
Greece, 160
Belgium, 88
Finland, 84
Bulgaria, 20
Norway, 10
Luxembourg, 5
Denmark, 1
Total: 37,600 (Total WW1: 17,000)

(
Middleton and Heater, 1989, Unit 19, The Price of World War Two).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§855 De Gaulle in the end victorious of Hitler (1940-1945): III-100.

III-100 (§855):

Among the French the last honoured,
Shall be victorious of a man of enmity:
His force and territory being for a while put to the test,
When the envious person shall die it shall be by a shot of dart.

(Entre Gaulois le dernier honoré,
D'homme ennemi sera victorieux:
Force & terroir en moment exploré,
D'un coup de trait quand mourra l'envieux.)

NOTES: Exploré: = Put to the test; « Exploro, are: mettre à l’épreuve (To explore, to put to the test).» (Fontbrune, 1939, p.191).

Trait: =A pistol; « trait. MILIT. Arrow, dart, javelin.» (Dubois).

Envieux: « envieux. Adj. Envious, jealous. – s. Envious person.» (Dubois)..

Among the French the last honoured: « The hundredth quatrain of the Third Centurie begins with a clearer allusion to General de Gaulle. General de Gaulle may be called fairly the last-honored among the Gauls (no pun intended). The day after the Germans broke through at Sedan, Colonel de Gaulle, commander of the 507th Regiment of combat cars, was made a general to lead a hastily assembled brigade. Between 1932 and 1936 he wrote Au Fil de l’Epée (translated as The Philosophy of Command), which called for individualized initiative by commanders instead of the French traditionalist method of fighting only according to previous plan, and Vers l’Armée de Métier (The Army of the Future), which broke completely with preconceived French tactics. He foresaw (1934) this army of the future moving on caterpillar treads and warned that the Maginot Line was limited in depth, leaving northern France exposed. He predicted France’s defeat through concentrating on “the supreme value of the defensive.” He discounted France’s stridently tooted morale – “neither bravery nor skill can any longer achieve anything except as functions of equipment.” Marshal Pétain sneered at “such witticisms” and General Weygand was provoked by the tank tactician’s “evil remarks.” While France was sitting out the war in January, 1940, Colonel de Gaulle again dared to speak. From his tank command in Lorraine, he sent a seventeen page report to General Gamelin, Premier Daladier, and twenty other higher-ups warning: “The Maginot Line, however reinforced, can be crossed. The defender who limits himself to resisting in a fixed position with antiquated weapons is doomed.” Germany was the first nation to honor Charles de Gaulle when it stole from his book the tank strategy which won the Battle of France. England and the remaining free nations have paid him homage. France gave him her last grudging honor when he received his general officer’s stars on the battle-field.» (Boswell, 1941, p.223-224).

Among the French the last honoured, Shall be victorious of a man of enmity: « DE GAULLE, Charles André Joseph Marie (1890-1970) One of the most extraordinary and controversial figures of World War II. Although long mistrusted (even despised) by many Frenchmen after Fall of France and frequently in bitter conflict with his Anglo-American allies, he yet succeeded in building Free French movement into formidable force, which played significant role in latter, victorious stages of the war. Became equally controversial President of France after war. Graduated from St. Cyr military college, 1914. Wounded three times during World War I. Captured at Verdun, 1916, but escaped and returned to duty on Western Front and in Macedonia. Advocated mechanization of French Army between the wars, but was cold-shouldered by conservative general staff. Led 4th Armoured Division n series of gallant, but ineffectual, counter-attacks against German salient in North France, May 1940. Under-secretary for National Defence, June 1940. Escaped to England and formed ‘French National Committee’. Adopted Cross of Lorraine – emblem of Joan of Arc – as his own. Sentenced to death in absentia for treason and desertion by Vichy military court, Aug.1940. Liberated most of the French colonial empire, 1940-42, despite defeat of British-Free French expedition to Dakar, West Africa (September 1940) and bitter fighting in Syria (May-June 1941), Morocco and Algeria (November 1942). Reluctantly shared control of Free French movement with General Giraud, December 1942-November 1943. Sole President from latter date. Supreme commander of armed forces from April 1944. Entered Paris with Free French armoured units, August 1944. Officially recognized as sole legal head of French government, October 1944. President of provisional government, 1945-46.» (Argyle, 1980, p.166); « The War in Europe came to an end officially at midnight on May 8, 1945, but in reality that was merely the final formal recognition of a finish which had taken place piecemeal during the previous week. On May 2 all fighting had ceased on the southern front in Italy, where the surrender document had actually been signed three days earlier still. On May 4 a similar surrender was signed, at Montgomery’s headquarters on Luneberg Heath, by the representatives of the German forces in North-west Europe. On May 7 a further surrender document, covering all the German forces, was signed at Eisenhower’s headquarters in Reims – a larger ceremonial finish carried out in the presence of Russian as well as American, British, and French representatives.» (Hart, 1971, p.680).

His force and territory being for a while put to the test
: « On 1 June 1940, as the German army and air force swept across France, an unusually tall one-star general went to see the Prime Minister of France. The politician Paul Reynaud, an elfin-faced conservative who had been in office for ten weeks, offered him a choice: he could take command of France’s tank forces or join the government as Deputy Defence Minister – Reynaud held the senior defence post. Charles de Gaulle took the second option. The historic career was launched that would parallel France’s fortunes for good and ill over three decades. As the two men talked, their country was undergoing its greatest humiliation of the twentieth century [His territory being put to the test]. Three weeks earlier, the German army had circumvented its main defences on the heavily fortified Maginot Line, and used the deadly combination of tanks and dive bombers to pulverise French forces [His force being put to the test], which retreated in disarray or found themselves surrounded by the advancing enemy. The rout was all the more humiliating because France’s tank force was 30 per cent larger than Germany’s and included the heaviest and most powerful fighting vehicle in the world, the Char B1. In the air, the Allies again had 30 per cent superiority in numbers, and the United States had just delivered five hundred American planes, including high-quality fighters. But the Luftwaffe was as dominant as the tanks on the ground. The failure lay with the men in charge and the defensive mentality which had held sway since 1918.» (Fenby, 2011, p.13).

When the envious person shall die it shall be by a shot of dart
: « Two divisions had crossed the Spree to seize the ministry of the interior, which they called ‘Himmler’s House’. At dawn on 30 April, they launched their attack on the Reichstag, which Stalin had chosen as the symbol for the capture of Berlin. The first soldier to raise the Soviet flag above it was promised the order of Hero of the Soviet Union. The Reichstag was defended by a mixture of SS, Hitler Youth and some of the sailors who had been crash-landed in the Junkers transport planes. The great danger for the attackers came from behind. The huge Zoo flak tower in the Tiergarten could fire at them as they crossed the vast expanse of the Königsplatz, where Speer [architect Albert Speer] had planned to build the Volkshalle, the centerpiece of the new capital, Germania. In the Führer bunker that morning, Hitler tested one of the cyanide ampoules on his adored Alsatian bitch Blondi. Satisfied that it worked, he began to make his own preparations. He had just heard of Mussolini’s death and that of his mistress Clara Petacci. Their bodies, riddled with bullets, had been strung up from the gantry of a petrol station in Milan. The details had been typed for him on one of the special typewriters with outsize script, to allow him to read without glasses. (The sheet is preserved in a Russian archive.) At around three in the afternoon, the Führer made his farewells to his entourage. The solemnity of the occasion was rather undermined by the sound of partying up in the Reichschancellery, and then by Magda Goebbels becoming hysterical at the idea of losing him. Hitler finally retired to his sitting room with his bride, who had been cheerful during lunch although she knew exactly what was about to happen. Nobody heard the sound of the shot, but just after 15.15 hours Linge his valet entered followed by others. Hitler had fired a bullet through his head, while Eva Hitler had taken cyanide. Their bodies were wrapped in grey Wehrmacht blankets and taken up to the Reichschancellery garden, where they were set alight with petrol according to Hitler’s instructions. Goebbels, Bormann and General Krebs snapped to attention and gave the Nazi salute.» (Beevor, 2012, p.753).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§856 Alfred Jodl at Reims; De Gaulle and Pétain in Paris (1945): VIII-90.

VIII-90 (§856):

When one of the crucifers of troubled sense found
In the place of consecration, a horned bull shall see
A pork via a virgin, his place then shall be full,
By the king the order shall be no longer sustained.

(Quand des croisez un trouvé de sens trouble
En lieu du sacre verra un bœuf cornu
Par vierge porc son lieu lors sera comble,
Par roy plus ordre ne sera soustenu.)

NOTES: Croisez: = Croisés (crossbearers, crucifers); « CROISÉ. adj. et n.m., (1559, « garni de croix ») (adj. and n., garnished with a cross).» (Petit Robert).

Quand des croisez un trouvé de sens trouble En lieu du sacre verra un bœuf cornu Par vierge porc son lieu lors sera comble, Par roy plus ordre ne sera soustenu: The construction will be as follows: Quand un de sens trouble des croisez [sera] trouvé en lieu du sacre, Un bœuf cornu verra porc par vierge; Son lieu lors sera comble; Ordre ne sera plus soustenu par roy.

When one of the crucifers of troubled sense [shall be] found In the place of consecration: « When among the crossed ones (Nazis) one will be found with troubled mind,.. » (Lamont, 1944, p.232); « VIII.90 1945: Jodle, général nazi et porteur de la croix gammée, viendra signer la reddition de la Wehrmacht à Reims [the place of consecration], alors que... (When Alfred Jodle, Nazi General bearing the swastika, shall come to sign the document of Wehrmacht’s surrender at Reims,…) » (Luni, 1998, p.335); « General Eisenhower kept to the same principle in the surrender document which put an end to the European war at 0241 hours on May 7, 1945. This merciless war had lasted a little over 68 months. When he received the German delegation in the Rheims school which housed Supreme Headquarters of Allied Expeditionary Forces, Lieutenant-General Walter Bedell Smith, Eisenhower’s chief-of-staff, read out the document decided by the Allies. It ordered the simultaneous cessation of hostilities on all fronts on May 8 at 2301 hours, confirmed the total defeat of the armed forces of the Third Reich, and settled the procedure for their surrender according to the principles governing the surrender on Lüneburg Heath. Colonel-General Jodl, General Admiral Friedeburg, and Major Oxenius of the Luftwaffe signed the surrender document in Germany’s name. After Bedell Smith, Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick Morgan signed for Great Britain, General Sévez for France, and Major-General Susloparov for the U.S.S.R. Finally Lieutenant-General Carl A. Spaatz, Vice-Admiral Sir Harold M. Burrough, and Air Marshal Sir J. M. Robb signed for the U.S. Air Force, the Royal Navy, and the R.A.F. respectively.» (Bauer, 1979, p.616-617), the expression “of troubled sense” referring to the mind of a military character having suffered a total defeat.

A horned bull shall see A pork via a virgin: De Gaulle (a horned bull), President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic since June 3, 1944 (cf. Jouette, p.310), robust and hardworking like a bull, shall see Pétain (a pork) returning from Germany via Switzerland (a virgin) to be tried in Paris, “horned ” symbolizing the scepter of the supreme authority (presidency), “porc (a pork)” referring to a weak and shameless leader Pétain in reminding the Latin “procus (a wooer, suitor [for an armistice with Hitler])”, and “a virgin” representing Switzerland in her absolute neutrality in WWII; « Pétain was intent on returning home to try to clear his name. In a petition to Hitler, he noted, ‘I can answer for my actions only in France. At my age the only thing one fears is not having done one’s full duty: I wish to do mine.’ Asked at a lunch what he would do if the Marshal returned to France, de Gaulle replied: ‘What do you expect me to do with him? I’ll assign him a residence somewhere in the Midi and I’ll wait for death to come and take him.’ An opinion poll found that 58 per cent of those questioned thought the old soldier should not be tried. A decree of November 1944 had set up a High Court to try Vichy ministers, senior military men and officials. The first case ended with the jailing of Admiral Jean-Pierre Esteva, the Vichy resident governor in Tunisia who had allowed German troops to land there after Operation Torch. He was followed in the dock by General Dentz, who had fought the Free French in Syria and who was condemned to death. De Gaulle commuted the sentence. In March 1945, the court decided to try Pétain. The following month, having been allowed by the Germans to go to Switzerland [from Sigmaringen], the Marshal crossed into France. General Koenig met him at the frontier, refusing to shake the old man’s hand. As his train headed for Paris, it was pelted with stones by local people in the Jura. After arriving, Pétain was held in a fort in the suburb of Montrouge in a small cell furnished only with a bed, a cupboard and a bedside table. At 1 p.m. on 23 July 1945, he entered the court room at the Palais de Justice by the Seine in the centre of Paris, wearing a simple blue uniform adorned only with the country’s highest military honour, the Médaille Militaire.» (Fenby, 2011, p.292-293).

Bœuf (Bull): « BŒUF. « « Un gros garçon d’une douzaine d’années, fort comme un bœuf (A big boy of twelve years, strongt like a bull) » (DAUD.). – Travailler comme un bœuf, beaucoup et sans manifester de fatigue (To work like a bull, a lot and without showing fatigue).» (Petit Robert); « In October 1910, de Gaulle finished his stint in Arras and travelled in heavy rain to Versailles where Saint-Cyr was located. ‘When I entered the army, it was one of the greatest things in the world,’ he remembered. The daily routine was highly demanding. Reveille was at 6.30 a.m. and studies continued until 7.30 p.m. From the start, de Gaulle stood out from his comrades; his height gained him the nickname of ‘the big asparagus’. At a hazing initiation ceremony, he was called out by an older cadet wielding a billiard cue. Showing the self-assurance that already marked him, he stood up calmly and impressed everybody with a rendition of the celebrated ‘big nose’ speech of Cyrano de Bergerac in the play of the same name – although that did not save him from being knocked down on to the backs of other youths kneeling on the floor. Reports praised his conduct, manners, intelligence, character, attitude, zeal, military spirit and resistance to fatigue. His marching was rated highly. The only weak points were sport and shooting. He graduated thirteenth out of 210. A photograph showed him immaculate in a five-buttoned tunic and plumed helmet, with his sword. ‘A highly gifted cadet,’ his passing-out report noted. ‘Conscientious and earnest worker. Excellent state of mind. Will make an excellent officer.’ Supplementary notes by superior officers remarked on his calmness and powers of command and decision.» (Fenby, id., p.52-53).

As to the word “bœuf”, M. Luni invokes an elephant, therefore a “ Bull of Lucania ” for the Romans (Luni, 1998, p.335; cf. Landais, s.v. ‘LUCANIEN’), which may be another way of reasonable interpretation. In fact, de Gaulle was popularly nicknamed so: « Among the few who thought like Mandel was forty-nine-year-old Charles de Gaulle. Standing six foot three inches tall with long arms, he was physically awkward and rarely at ease. He had a little moustache, big ears and a face that bore a resemblance to that of an elephant.» (Fenby, id., p.15). But this is not the real choice of Nostradamus because he surnamed de Gaulle “grand myttee (a big cat)” in the quatrain X-41 (§830).

His place then shall be full
: The court of his trial shall be full: « In his left hand he held his kepi, which he put on a table in front of him as he sat down. The city was suffering from a heat-wave, with stormy skies. The court was packed [His place then shall be full]; some of the journalists in the press gallery had to sit on each other’s knees. It was not an event de Gaulle had particularly wanted. He would probably have preferred his one-time mentor, to whom he referred as ‘Le Maréchal’, never as ‘Pétain’, to have remained in Switzerland and to have been tried in his absence. The General looked gloomy when the Justice Minister, Pierre-Henri Teitgen, reported to him on the trial. ‘Do your duty, do your duty,’ he said while taking care that General Juin, who had served Vichy faithfully until 1942, went on a lengthy foreign mission so that he could not be called as a witness… » (Fenby, id., p.293).

By the king the order shall be no longer sustained
: President de Gaulle [the king] shall commute the sentence [the order] of a death penalty of Pétain to life imprisonment: « ‘Deal with me according to your conscience,’ the Marshal said in his final statement. ‘Mine brings me no reproach since during a life that is already long, and, having arrived at the threshold of death, I state that I have no ambition other than to serve France.’ The jurors repaired to a buffet set up in a side room where they ate and drank well, arguing into the night about the sentence. In the end, by 14 votes to 13, the Vichy leader was condemned under an article of the criminal code that meant the death penalty – the key vote came from a Communist. He was also sentenced to national indignity. Then a proposal that the penalty should not be carried out was adopted. Though the jurors did not know this, de Gaulle had decided to commute the death sentence [By the king the order shall be no longer sustained]. The verdict was announced at 4 a.m. [on August 15]; Pétain was summoned after celebrating mass and making his confession. The Prime Minister provided his own aircraft to fly him to a prison fortress in the Pyrenees where the Vichy regime had held Third Republic politicians. Three months later, he was moved to a desolate island off the coast of western France, where he was allocated two rooms in a fort and cared for himself in all ways except for cutting his toenails, an art he had forgotten when attended by a pedicure specialist at Vichy. He remained on the Île d’Yeu until he died in July 1951 at the age of ninety-five, growing increasingly depressed, physically infirm and mentally senile. In a verdict written fifteen years later, de Gaulle judged that his life had been ‘successively banal, then glorious, then deplorable, but never mediocre’.» (Fenby, id., p.295-296).

As for the quatrains concerning Pétain and Charles de Gaulle, cf. IV-32 (§828), III-47 (§829), X-41 (§830), III-100 (§855), III-14 (§906) and III-72 (§907).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§857 Hitler, Roosevelt and Stalin (1945): VI-15.

VI-15 (§857):

Under the tomb shall be found the prince,
Who shall have the prize all over Nuremberg:
The Spanish King weak in Capricorn,
Deceived by feint by the great Wittenberg.

(Dessoubz la tombe sera trouvé le prince,
Qu'aura le pris par dessus Nuremberg:
L'Espaignol Roy en Capricorne mince,
Fainct & trahy par le grand Witemberg.)

NOTES: Le pris: = le prix (the prize). In fact, of 9 usages of the word « pris » in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, 5 are a variant of prix (price, prize: III-30, III-53, V-16, VI-8 and VI-15), 3 are the past participle of prendre (to take: I-10, II-53 and IX-41) and the remaining one is an anagram of pis and pire (worse: X-36).

Par dessus
: = par-dessus (above, over).

Under the tomb shall be found the prince: « Underneath the tomb (of desolation) will be found the prince (dictator) who… » (Lamont, 1944, p.167).

Under the tomb shall be found the prince, Who shall have the prize all over Nuremberg
: « The two first lines refer evidently to Hitler, for it is a known fact that the city of Nuremberg was the centre of the Nazism. It is also known that, when the Soviet armies arrived at the Reichstag, they could not find but a cremated body, under the ruins of concrete. “Dessoubz la tombe sera trouvé le prince”, says Nostradamus, employing the Latin sense of princeps (the first in rank, chief, leader, therefore “Führer”). The word “tombe (tomb)” hides (by anagram) “béton (concrete)”, which tells us under what kind of tomb Hitler was found. In general, a body is not put UNDER the tomb. It is just this particular way of expression that orients our attention to a possible anagram.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.603).

The Spanish King weak in Capricorn
: « Franklin Delano Roosevelt, different from other presidents, had one of his names as Spanish origin (Delano), the name inherited from his mother (Sara Delano Roosevelt). To say that someone is weak in Capricorn, it is to say that he is weak with his legs, for the sign of Capricorn governs the legs (area of the knees). Nostradamus alludes to the well known invalidism of this President.» (Ionescu, id., p.603-604).

As to the comment of Ionescu that the name Delano is of Spanish origin, it is not correct because the name Delano is of French origin, being a contraction of « Philippe De La Noye, who arrived in Plymouth in 1621; until FDR, only five other presidents had Pilgrim blood. But the Delanos go back much further than that; the family was of mixed French and Dutch descent, and traces its ancestry all the way to William the Conqueror.» (Gunther, 1950, p.170).

On the other hand, the origin of the Roosevelt family is genuinely Dutch:
« The Roosevelt family was founded by a certain Claes Martenszen Van Rosenvelt who set sail from Holland to Nieuw Amsterdam in the 1640’s. The name ‘Roosevelt derives from the locality where Claes lived, Rosen Velt (Field of Roses)’, on the island of Tholen, near Zeeland. Some Roosevelts still live in Holland to-day.» (Gunther, id., p.166).

In this way, the principal origin of Franklin Delano Roosevelt was Dutch or in Holland, the country under the Spanish suzerainty before her independence in 1581. Another example of this meaning of Spain is found in the quatrain IV-94 (§804): Deux grands freres seront chassés d’Espaigne (Two great brothers shall be chased from Spain). Spain was a neutral in WWII, then the term is metaphorical and represents probably the area of the ancient Spanish Netherlands, and the two great brothers thence chased are the governments in exile of the Netherlands and Belgium occupied by Nazis. Cf. X-83, §799: They will be obliged to leave the park. In its context of the WWII, ‘the Spanish King’ of the quatrain VI-15 related to Hitler and Stalin cannot be of Spain in neutrality, then may have a nuance of the former Spanish Netherlands like the quatrain IV-94. 


The great Wittenberg
: = Martin Luther by metonymy, himself a historical metaphor for Stalin, « who was a theologian like Luther, and became the Pontiff of the grand antichristian schism of the Communism.» (Ionescu, id., p.604).

The Spanish King weak in Capricorn, Deceived by feint by the great Wittenberg: « The tactics of Stalin was simple: He intended some objectives, knowing the good faith of the Allies – that was pure naivety toward a man having been experienced in occult and conspiratorial machinations. The situation of Germany is to be taken as an example. Germany had been divided into “zones of influence”. Before long we became able to confirm how “the American influence” helped the reconstruction of this country, while how “the Soviet influence” had been in reality a pure occupation and one of the most cruel ever seen. Another tactics of Stalin was to profit from the fact that the Allies seemed unconscious of their own power. It is known that the upsetting itself of the Soviet-German front and the deliverance of the Soviet Union had been made by means of American assistance (more than 10 billion dollars in armament and equipment). All the world, including the Americans, passed over this tiny detail in silence.» (Ionescu, id., p.602). Contrary to this last of Ionescu’s comments, there is a proof of Stalin’s thanks to Roosevelt at Teheran: « Never before had a President of the United States travelled so far while in office; never before had a President resided, so to speak, on foreign soil, because he [FDR] slept at the Russian Embassy, not our own. (Facilities for protection were better within the Russian compound, and to be Stalin’s guest saved him fatiguing travel within the city.) Not for thirty years or more had Stalin, on his side, ever set foot out of Russia, and one contemporary account states that he had never flown before. There were all manner of festivities. Churchill presented Stalin with a handsome sword, the gift of the King of England, as a memorial to Russian heroism at Stalingrad; Stalin toasted Roosevelt, saying that without American supplies and munitions the Russians could not have won their victories.» (Gunther, 1950, p.363-364).

« Roosevelt and Stalin: Roosevelt did not perceive fully that the Russians made no distinction between the military and the political and that the war they were fighting, defensive though it might be in immediate origin, was nothing more in their eyes than another round in the inevitable conflict between the ‘Communist’ and ‘imperialist’ halves of the world. Roosevelt and Stalin met only twice. Nevertheless, it was the American belief that fundamentally Americans and Russians were fighting for the same ends and looking forward to the same kind of post-war world while the British were interested in objectives which were alien or antipathetic to American opinion. The principal reasons why Roosevelt cherished such illusions could be found in three very abstract ideas which figured largely in Roosevelt’s thinking but which had quite a different meaning from the ones that the Russians attached to them. In the first place he believed that the British – and Churchill in particular – were ‘imperialist’ and that both the Russians and the Americans were ‘anti-imperialist’. He did not perceive that the Russians attached quite another meaning to anti-imperialism and were by no means averse to using their power to spread the bounds of the Communist empire. In the second place, Roosevelt believed that Americans and Russians both stood for ‘democratic’ government while the British hankered after preserving or restoring monarchies and other non-democratic forms of government. Finally, Roosevelt shared the antipathy of his former leader Woodrow Wilson for the notion of the balance of power, imagining that the post-war world could be managed by an amalgam of the wartime Grand Alliance with the principle of national self-determination and the equality of sates, the whole given institutional form in what became the United Nations Organization. [Max Beloff].» (Taylor,1974, p.215).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§858 The death of Roosevelt; Soviet Machinations (1943-): IV-6.

20th century:
§858 The death of Roosevelt; Soviet Machinations (1943-): IV-6.

IV-6 (§858):

Putting on new clothes after the truce was made,
There shall be malice, intrigue and machination:
He shall die first who shall have had proof of it.
The Venetian colour, insidiousness.

(D'habits nouveaux apres faicte la treuve,
Malice tramme & machination:
Premier mourra qui en fera la preuve
Couleur venise insidiation.)

NOTES: Treuve: « 1. Trouvaille (discovery); 2. v. Treve (see Treve); 3. Sorte de plante (a kind of plant).» (Huguet); « Treve. Unes trefves. Une trève (= une trêve, a truce).» (Huguet).

Tramme: = « trame. Plot, intrigue, conspiracy.» (Dubois).

Putting on new clothes after the truce was made, There shall be malice, intrigue and machination: « After the end of the war, the Soviet Union shall adopt a new tactics in relation to the Occidental Powers. They shall consist in defamation full of malice, intrigue and subversive actions including espionage.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.605).

He shall die the first who shall have made proof of it
: « Roosevelt – the first who shall die [April 12, 1945] among the three grand Allies – shall have an occasion of being convinced of it.» (Ionescu, id.). But this occasion was not one at Yalta in 1945 as Ionescu teaches so, but that immediately after Teheran in 1943; « For years Roosevelt had wanted to meet Stalin, and transform his Herculean duets with Churchill into three-power talks. Over a prolonged interval Stalin had delayed the climax of a meeting for several reasons, among them his own suspiciousness and basic hostility to the West and also the fact that he was the active military leader of the Russian forces and could not spare time out of Moscow during a period of supreme crisis. The route to Teheran was prepared by several other conferences, like Molotov’s visit to Washington, and Hull’s to Moscow; also FDR and the Russian dictator secretly exchanged longhand letters. It has been well said that this conference in Persia, bringing together for the first time the effective spokesmen of the United States, the Soviet Union, and the British Empire, represented a concentration of physical power and political authority unique in the whole history of mankind. FDR’s Russian policy had, from its inception, been on the basis of calculated risk. He was torn between twin fears (a) that Russia might be beaten; (b) that Russia might win too much and conquer Europe. ‘In all our dealings with Stalin,’ he once told the former Polish Prime Minister Stanislaw Mikolajczyk, ‘we must keep our fingers crossed.’ Roosevelt was, of course, meeting Stalin for the first time, whereas Churchill had encountered him before. The President made all-out efforts to win the Soviet dictator’s esteem; it pleased him that he and Stalin got along personally better than Churchill and Stalin did. But I have heard from some several participants at the conference that Stalin was seemingly perplexed by Roosevelt, though he treated him with great deference. Churchill he could grapple with. Stalin gave the impression that he understood Churchill perfectly, and that there was even a community between them, as between lusty fellow-rogues. But FDR was much more difficult, a new type of phenomenon puzzling to the glacierlike Russian’s mind, nervously elusive, too optimistic, strangely discursive, and perhaps naïve. This celebrated Teheran Conference about which so much nonsense has been written had the simplest kind of overriding aim – to consolidate the military efforts of the three powers, establish incontrovertibly the fact that the western allies would invade France the next year and thus inaugurate the Second Front, and make derivative preparation for the peace by settling, if possible, the German problem… It was at Teheran, not Yalta, that Stalin promised to enter the war against Japan as soon as the German war was over. Actually our chief worry at this time – the fact may seem incredible but survey of the relevant records will prove it – was that the Russians might become a belligerent against Japan too soon. Reason: Germany was by no means beaten at this time, neither was Japan, and if Russia was suddenly forced to fight on another front, the Germans might have recouped their Russian losses and together with Japan knocked the Soviet Union out of the war. But the chief issue at Teheran, which still sings around the very word ‘Teheran’, and its chief result, was
OVERLORD, the invasion of western Europe by Great Britain and America, the killer’s thrust against Germany straight through France. FDR’s motive for pushing OVERLORD was double: (1) He accepted the unanimous advise of his principal military advisers that this was incomparably the best of all possible ways to save countless thousands of American lives; (2) he wanted to work just as closely and amicably as possible with the Soviet Union in order to bring it wholeheartedly into the new international organization and a decent, lasting peace. Churchill’s point of view was much more subtle and complex. Instead of a single giant lunge across western Europe, he also favoured attack on Germany through the ‘soft underbelly’ – Italy, south-eastern Europe, and the Balkans. Of course he wanted to win the war quickly too, but also he was thinking in long-range terms of what would be the balance of power in those regions after the war. In part, at least, he stubbornly urged the underbelly campaign for political reasons. He wanted to keep Russia out of eastern Europe, or at least to check her influence there, and thus preserve the Continent from further infection by the Red Army and /or Communism. Stalin naturally wanted the overwhelming emphasis to be on Normandy, and he too had obvious political reasons. Churchill wanted Normandy plus the Mediterranean. FDR (though he was not averse to subordinate action in the south) cast the deciding vote, and took Stalin’s side. Of course, it was all but impossible for Churchill to overrule FDR; he always had to keep in mind the preponderance of American manpower and industrial potential. ‘Roosevelt,’ General Deane has said, ‘was thinking of winning the war; the others were thinking of their relative positions when the war was won.’» (Gunther, 1950, p.363-366); « Roosevelt (and Churchill) talked of what ‘grand allies’ the Russians were, but they were not duped or unwarrantably pro-Russian. FDR began to see how the Russians were playing their own deep game and were grabbing for every illicit advantage immediately after Teheran [He shall have made proof of it], when Soviet officials double-crossed him on the time of release of an important document. Perhaps, all in all, the best summary is to say that FDR was gambling at Yalta. His eyes were open, and he knew perfectly well the risks he was taking. What he was gambling for was permanent peace on a moral, idealistic, one-world basis. Unfortunately he lost.» (Gunther, id., p.387-388).

Insidious
: « Treacherous, crafty; proceeding secretly or subtly (insidious disease). [L (insidiae ambush].» (Sykes).

The Venetian colour, insidiousness
: « In order to make clear that it concerns the policy of the Communists, Nostradamus employs the expression “Venetian colour”, the Venetian red, the colour known among the painters since the Medieval Age, and which serves us here as designating “the Reds” by metonymy. The policy of the “Reds” shall be characterized by a subreptitious penetration, like an apparently benign disease and which one cannot already combat when one feels it.» (Ionescu, id.); « RED COLOURS. Reds are abundant in nature. Red clays, red stone, of many hues, remind us of the great variety of red coulours with which the oxides of iron decorate the face of Mother Earth. But by no means every red clay or stone makes a good pigment, or even a usable pigment. Many earths seem in nature to be strongly coloured which, if they are dried, have no useful colour left in them. A small amount of colouring material will tinge a clay strongly while it is damp, but will hardly show itself when the clay is dry. Many stones seem richly coloured which, if they were ground to powder, would prove colourless. If one were so extravagant as to powder up a ruby, even a ruby of the deepest dye, the result would be a pure white dust. (This fact can be demonstrated at less expense with a bit of coloured glass.) Ochres to be good must consist very largely of the coloured salts of iron and not, as most earths do, contain much feebly coloured clay. The best ochres for the painter are deposits formed by the weathering of iron ores; and they can be converted by washing, by levigation, into almost pure iron oxides. Deposits of pure iron oxide in the form of hematite were regarded as an important source of red colour in the Middle Ages. Sinopia. In classical antiquity the great source of red ochres was Pontus Euxinus, and the choicest red earth came from the Pontine city of Sinope. This red was a valuable monopoly, and ancient Greece and Rome looked to Sinope to maintain the quality of its product. To guard against substitutions the colour was sold under a seal (stamped into the cakes of colour, we may suppose), and was known as “sealed Sinope.” In the Middle Ages the name of Sinope came to be applied to others of less distinction, and the Latin and Italian word sinopia came to mean simply a red ochre. We have even an English word from the same source, “sinoper,” which means the same, an earth red. The Range of Ochres. Red ochres vary enormously in colour. Some are quite light and warm, like that which we now call Venetian red, and others are very dark and cold and purple, like our Indian red or caput mortuum. Some are clear and strong, others more or less tinged by admixture of other materials than iron oxides. There is a red, a terra rosa, from Pozzuoli, near Naples, which has a delightful salmon pink quality which we may think we recognize in some medieval Italian wall paintings. There is the deep maroon of ground hematite, which we may be quite sure we see on walls in Florence.» (Thompson, 1956, p.97-99).
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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