§862 The world hegemony from France to England through the Second Hundred Years’ War (1689–1815): X-98.

X-98 (§862):

The clear splendor of a merry maiden,
Shall shine no more for a long time, shall be unwise:
Odious with merchants, middlemen & wolves,
All pell-mell, a universal monster.

(La splendeur claire à pucelle joyeuse,
Ne luyra plus long temps sera sans sel:
Avec marchans, ruffiens loups odieuse,
Tous pesle mesle monstre universel.)

NOTES: La splendeur claire à pucelle joyeuse (The clear splendor of a merry maiden): In this phrase there are two distinctive expressions that refer to the two French characters, namely the French word ‘pucelle (maiden)’, the unique example in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, to Joan of Arc, la pucelle d’Orlénans (the Maid of Orléans), and ‘the clear splendor’ to the Sun-King Louis the Great (le Roy-Soleil Louis le Grand), called “Aematien, he who is of the solar light” in the quatrains IX-38, IX-64, IX-93, X-7 and X-58. The former is designating France and the latter the French glorious times of Louis XIV.

Sel (salt): « The symbol of the wisdom » (Torné-Chavigny, 1862, p.103). In fact, of 7 usages of the term “sel (salt)” 5 are of this sort (II-21, VIII-32, IX-49, X-7 and X-98) and the remaining 2 imply foodstuffs (V-34 and VII-34).

The clear splendor of a merry maiden, Shall shine no more for a long time, shall be unwise: This expression therefore tells the decline of the hegemonic France under Louis XIV and Napoleon I: « FRANCE and England were early competitors in the American seas. Their hereditary hatred, which had existed for centuries, had been deepened and intensified by repeated collisions. Differences of religion increased their animosity. They were rivals in the Old World and rivals in the New; rivals in the East Indies and rivals in the West; rivals in Africa and rivals in Europe; rivals in politics, in commerce, and the arts; rivals in ambition for conquest and supremacy. Each sought its own aggrandisement at the expense of the other; each claimed to be superior to the other in the elements of national glory and the appliances of national strength. The gayety of the former was in contrast with the gravity and sobriety of the latter. The impetuosity of the one was the counterpart to the coolness and cautiousness of the other. Time, instead of softening, had hardened their prejudices, and for a century and a half from the date of the establishment of the first French colony at the north, the two nations, with but slight interruptions, were constantly in the attitude of opposition and defiance. England, without doubt, preceded France in the career of discovery, and the voyage of the Cabots gave to the former her claims to the regions visited by their vessels. But the interval which elapsed between the voyage of the Cabots (1497) and the earliest authenticated voyage of the French (1504) was exceedingly brief, and the two nations, if not contemporaries, were equals in the race. France succeeded, even before England, in settling a colony to the north, and the foundations of Quebec were laid before the landing of the Pilgrims and before the settlement of Boston. In consequence of this rivalry of England and France, the colonies at the north were early involved in difficulties and contentions, and these difficulties increased as the conflict of interests brought them into collision. Hence before the confederacy of 1643, apprehensions of hostilities were entertained in Massachusetts, and from that date to the union of the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts, in 1692, these apprehensions continued to disturb the people, and resulted, at length, in vigorous action on the part of the English to uproot their rivals and drive them from their possessions. If New England was the "key of America,” New France might, with equal propriety, claim to be the lock; for Canada, with the chain of freshwater lakes bordering upon its territory, opened a communication with the distant West; and the Jesuit missionaries, Marquette, Joliet, La Salle, and Hennepin, by their explorations on the Mississippi, the "Father of Waters,” brought the vast region watered by that stream and its tributaries under the dominion of the Bourbons, and backed all British America with a cordon of military posts, hovering upon the outskirts of the northern settlements with their savage allies, greatly to the alarm of the English, who were exposed to their depredations, and from whose incursions they could defend themselves only by an expenditure of money and strength which impoverished them in their weakness and imperilled their safety. Behold, then, the two nations, rivals for centuries, upon the eve of a fresh struggle upon the new field of action. The names of the "Palatinate War,” the "War of the Spanish Succession," the "War of the Austrian Succession," and the "Seven Years’ War" do not suggest American history, and many a reader, even though informed above the average, would say that these subjects have nothing American in them. Yet they are the true titles of great conflicts in which the New World was vitally concerned, though it calls them by other names. To the European historian, the colonial branches of these wars were mere reverberations in the distance, and of only the faintest importance. He dismisses them in a few lines. And the American historian is likely to return the compliment, magnify the importance of the frontier colonial skirmishes, and dismiss in a few lines the great continental wars. This in spite of the fact that peace was always made and broken at the European capitals, and the colonists were not consulted in the division of spoil. In 1688 France was the chief power in the world. Louis XIV had at that date absorbed into his own hands an absolute control never equalled, save perhaps by Napoleon. Like Napoleon, he terrorised all Europe by his projects of aggrandisement and provoked coalition after coalition against him [The clear splendor of a merry maiden]; like Napoleon, he carried his glory to the point of collapse, and at his death found a national decline noticeably under way. Louis XIV seems to have sincerely believed in that sublime egotism, the divine right of kings. He cried, "The state is myself " (L'etat, c'est moi), and proceeded to act upon the outrageous assumption that his whims and his selfish schemes were not merely the welfare of his people, but the desires and plans of an all-wise Deity. His intense Catholicism encouraged him in this bigotry and in his backward step, the renewal of the persecutions from which the Huguenots had been relieved by Henry of Navarre's Edict of Nantes in 1598. Louis had gradually succeeded in making France a great naval power, and Duquesne had defeated the combined Spanish and Dutch fleets. Now he found that William of Orange, doubly his enemy as an old warrior and as a Protestant, had been called to England by a presumptuous parliament as a substitute for the sacred and Catholic king James II, who was deposed. Three years before (1686) William had succeeded in forming the League of Augsburg against Louis, who now found that even the pope and Catholic Spain feared him still more than they feared Protestantism. Surrounded by the enemies he had accumulated, Louis decided on getting the advantage of beginning the inevitable war. For point of attack he chose not Holland, but that part of Germany called the Palatinate. It offered the feeblest resistance and suffered terrible devastation. But meanwhile this so-called "War of the Palatinate" gave William of Orange his chance to enter England, take up the sceptre, and bind Great Britain also into the League of Augsburg. As later, in the times of the Revolution and of Napoleon, France found herself encircled by enemies. Then, as later, she fought them all magnificently, though the final exhaustion of blood, money, and enthusiasm was unavoidable. France kept from four to six huge armies in the field, and a great fleet on the sea, a fleet which, under Tourville, defeated the English-Dutch fleet off Beachy Head, while Jean Bart preyed on English commerce. Louis set the fugitive James II down in Ireland, whence William drove him by his victory at the Boyne. Louis' general, Luxembourg, won a victory at Fleurus in the Netherlands, and another general, Catinat, defeated the League at Staffarda, in Italy; Louis himself took Mons and Namur by siege. But in 1692, trusting that half the English fleet would desert to James II, Louis sent Admiral Tourville into a great defeat at Cape La Hogue. This gave England the naval power again. From this moment France began to tire and to count the cost. Occasional victories could not revive her elan [Shall shine no more for a long time, shall be unwise].» (HH, XXIII, p.179-182).

Shall shine no more for a long time: « Anglo-French colonial conflicts: From the end of the 17th century England and France were confronted with each other in the colonies such as North America, India, the West Indies and Africa, which entailed the colonial wars in connection with those in the mainland of Europe lasting more than a hundred years till the fall of Napoleon (1689-1815), called the Second Hundred Years’ War.» (Maekawa and Horikoshi, 1984, p,276).

Ruffiens: = Middlemen of slaves: « RUFIAN ou RUFFIAN. Entremetteur (Procurer, pander; Middleman; Go-between).» (Petit Robert). « The convict shipments, much as they may have relieved the mother country of an overplus of vice, unloaded on the New World no more corruption than it could assimilate. In fact it may be said that the imported convicts had far less influence on the social and political life of the main body than the negroes who began at the same time to be unloaded by shipfuls on the colonies and to be treated almost exactly the same as the indentured white servants. It was by the free consent and co-operation of the colonists themselves that this still more objectionable species of population was introduced into Virginia, in August, 1619, not without enduring and disastrous effects upon the social condition of the United States. Twenty negroes, brought to Jamestown by a Dutch trading vessel, and purchased by the colonists, were held, not as indented servants for a term of years, but as slaves for life. Even so late as the first English migrations to America, there might have remained, in obscure corners of England, some few hereditary serfs attached to the soil, faint remnants of that system of villanage once universal throughout Europe, and later prevalent in Hungary and Russia. But villains in gross - slaves, that is, inherited from their parents the condition of servitude, and transferable from hand to hand had entirely disappeared from England, not by any formal legislative act, but as the joint result of private emancipations and the discouragement long given by the English courts to claims so contrary to natural right. It had come, indeed, to be an established opinion throughout western Europe that Christians could not be held as slaves - an immunity, however, not thought to extend to infidels or heathen. The practice of buying negroes on the coast of Africa, introduced by the Portuguese, had been adopted by the Spanish, English, and Dutch. There was little inducement to bring them to Europe, where hired labourers might be abundantly obtained; but in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in America, especially after the introduction of the sugar manufacture, the slave traders [ruffiens (middlemen)] found a ready market, and the cultivation of tobacco began now to open a like market in Virginia. In buying and holding negro slaves, the Virginians did not suppose themselves to be violating any law, human or divine. Whatever might be the case with the law of England, the law of Moses, in authorising the enslavement of "strangers,” seemed to give to the purchase of negro slaves an express sanction. The number of negroes in the colony, limited as it was to a few cargoes, brought at intervals by Dutch traders, was long too small to make the matter appear of much moment, and more than forty years elapsed before the colonists thought it necessary to strengthen the system of slavery by any express enactments.» (HH, XXII, p.584-585).

« Slavery appears to have been established in Maryland from its earliest colonisation; for an act of assembly describes "the people” to consist of all Christian inhabitants, "slaves only excepted." [ Up to the time of the Civil War the condition of the slave was the same in Maryland as in the other southern states. The first slaves imported into Maryland came from Bermuda (1634). The importation of the slave was encouraged, but there was too large an influx of the negro, and in 1695 a per capita tax was imposed on all slaves brought into the province. By the Treaty of Utrecht "Spain guaranteed to England the monopoly of supplying negro slaves from the Spanish-American provinces." Prior to the Revolution the negro population of Maryland was 20 per cent. that of the white. As far back as 1789 there was a strong anti-slavery sentiment in Maryland. - JAMES McSHERRY.].» (HH, XXII, p.601-602).

« An act was passed, the first statute of Virginia which attempts to give a legislative basis to the system of hereditary servitude. The Virginia assembly saw fit to adopt the rule of the civil law, so much more convenient for slaveholders, by enacting that children should be held bond or free, "according to the condition of the mother." The lawfulness of holding Africans as slaves was supposed to rest, in part at least, on the fact that they were heathen. But of the negroes brought to Virginia some had been converted and baptised, and this was the case to a still greater extent with those born in the colony. By what right were these Christians held as slaves? This question having been raised in Virginia, the assembly in 1667 came to the relief of the masters by enacting that negroes, though converted and baptised, should not thereby become free. At the same session, in remarkable deviation from the English law, it was also enacted that killing slaves by extremity of correction should not be esteemed felony, "since it cannot be presumed that prepense malice should induce any man to destroy his own estate." The prohibition against holding Indians as slaves was also relaxed as to those brought in by water, a new law having enacted “that all servants, not being Christians, imported by shipping, shall be slaves for life.” About this period, and afterwards, a considerable number of Indian slaves seem to have been imported into Virginia and New England from the West Indies and the Spanish Main.» (HH, XXIII, p.125).

(Wolves): = Troops.

Odieuse (Odious): = Odious are the colonialist countries such as Portugal, Spain, Netherlands, England and France, represented by the expression “la pucelle odieuse Avec marchans, ruffiens loups (the odious maiden with merchants, traders of slaves and troops”.

Odious with merchants, middlemen & wolves, All pell-mell, a universal monster: « Louis, after making a secret and advantageous alliance, found himself ready to accept the two treaties of Ryswick in 1697, by which, though he lost nothing but his pains, he had to restore all his conquests. While these colossal events were taking place, America was undergoing what is locally known as "King William's War" (1689-1697). The religious feuds between the French and English colonies were always bitter, and even in the times of 1776 many Americans were scandalised at taking the French as allies, preferring to risk independence rather than a heterodox combination. In King William's War, then, that bitterest of all enthusiasms, religious sectarianism, found a bloody vent. The Indians sided with the more friendly French, and the horrors of savagery were added to the evils of what we euphemistically call "civilised warfare." This conflict ended simultaneously with the continental war at the Treaty of Ryswick. By this treaty Louis XIV acknowledged William of Orange lawful king of England. Five years later William died (March 8th, 1702). The deposed James II had died seven months before. The question of succession now arose. The English, to continue Protestantism on the throne, had settled the crown on James II's second daughter, Anne. But Louis declared for the eldest son, Prince James, "the Pretender," as the English called him. The friction on this point was increased by the act of Louis in placing his own grandson, Philip of Aragon, on the Spanish throne, in spite of his previous renunciations of all claim to that crown. Thus, upon Louis' death, France and Spain would probably be united under one monarch. In 1701 Louis had declared the Ryswick treaty void. The Germans and Dutch had formed with William of England a "Grand Alliance" to curb the presumptions of the "Grand Monarch." War broke out at once, and in the midst of it the death of William emphasised the breach. This great war of eleven years' duration (1702-1713) was called "The War of the Spanish Succession." The Huguenots crippled Louis at home, and the duke of Marlborough built up fame by thunderous campaigns culminating in the Battle of Blenheim (1704), by which the French were driven out of Bavaria. Marlborough's success at Ramillies (1706) crushed French sway in the Netherlands. In 1704 the English fleet had taken Gibraltar, and in 1706 the allies took Italy. In 1708 the victory of Oudenarde and the taking of Lille by siege combined with famine to pluck down French pride. Louis asked for terms, but the allies tried to drive so hard a bargain that they woke the marvelous elasticity of the French spirit and the war raged anew; and while success was still with the allies, English politics and weariness began to weaken them. Marlborough lost favour at court and was withdrawn from command. Negotiations dragged along, and without England's aid the allies began, in 1712, to lose place after place. By 1713 all the allies, except the Austrian emperor, had signed the Treaty of Utrecht, and a year later he was coerced by defeats at French hands. By this treaty England gained her theory of succession, as well as Newfoundland, Acadia, and the Hudson Bay territory. France found herself about as she was before the war, though she squeezed out much better terms than those offered in 1706. In 1715 the Grand Monarch died, surrounded by evidences of toppling conquest, and with no nearer heir than a great-grandson. During all these complicated years the American colonies were in the throes of what they called, not the "War of the Spanish Succession,” which interested them little, but "Queen Anne's War,” because the question of the possession of the English throne by a Catholic or a Protestant monarch was of the utmost importance to them. It was also called "Governor Dudley's War,” from the activity of that man. Louis XIV was succeeded by the dissolute Louis XV, who left the government to his ministers, the first of whom, Fleury, was unwillingly dragged into many international broils. In 1740 the Austrian emperor, Charles VI, died, leaving no male issue. His daughter, Maria Theresa, being left in control of the great realm, the land-hungry nations about her looked for easy prey. The only trouble to be feared was internal wrangling. This came speedily enough in a chaos of claims and counter-claims. England wished Maria Theresa's inheritance left intact; the French saw an opportunity to dismember the Austrian power. Frederick the Great of Prussia agreed to this, but was eager for his share of the loot. He took Silesia, then signed a treaty with Maria Theresa, and joined the English in saying that the division had gone far enough. The French, under Marshal Saxe, fought desultorily against England and Germany. In 1744 the war blazed up furiously. France sent the "Young Pretender,” Charles Edward, into Scotland, where he failed miserably at Culloden. Marshal Saxe succeeded in the Netherlands, however, and defeated the English, Dutch, and Germans at Fontenoy. Success smiled on France also in Italy. But England ended her pretensions in the East Indies. At length, by 1748, the rivals were ready for the Peace of Aix-la-Chapelle. France and England returned each what each had taken, and Maria Theresa was firmly established. This four years' strife, known to Europe as the " War of the Austrian Succession" or the "First and Second Silesian Wars" (1740-1744, 1744-1748), is sometimes called in America " King George's War," for no particular reason except that George II was then on the English throne. In this war the colonists played a more or less independent part. The colonies organised a land force and besieged the important port of Louisburg. English troops and ships joined later, and in 1745 the fort surrendered. New England troops garrisoned the fort till the treaty of peace in 1748, when to their disgust it was restored to France. The colonists were given no share of the prize money, £600,000, from the capture of the port and shipping, and it was not until 1749 that the expenses of the troops were reimbursed. The colonists had, however, acquired two important bits of knowledge: first, that England did not seriously respect their feelings; second, that they could fight regular European soldiers as well as Indians. What Americans call the "French and Indian War" (1754-1763) was a genuine colonial struggle, with victory nodding now towards the Catholics and now towards the Protestants. The results were of final importance to American history, and continued the schooling that the colonies were to use for independence not many years later. In Europe the war did not break out till 1756. It was the time of Richelieu, and of that alliance of three empires, which the French called the "Alliance of the Three Petticoats,” from Maria Theresa of Austria, Elizabeth of Russia, and the French king's potent mistress Madame de Pompadour. Richelieu had raised a French navy, and it brilliantly defeated the English navy, whose overbearing pride of power had stung France to war, as in 1812 it drove the United States to desperation. It was the time when Frederick the Great of Prussia was humbled until his decisive stroke at Rossbach, in 1757, won him definite English support, leaving him free to fight Austria, while England, Hanover, and Brunswick assailed France. France now began to lose in all directions, and the combination of all the Bourbon monarchs of the Latin races into the "Family Compact" only involved them in the disaster. The Treaty of Paris, in 1763, ended the war and left France to the mercy of English cupidity [Shall shine no more for a long time, shall be unwise]. England's shears clipped from France in 1763 Nova Scotia, Canada, Cape Breton, the territory to the Mississippi, and many islands here and there. It was the acme of England's glory. Small wonder that such spoils should have fed presumption. The successes of the English led them to sneer at the colonists and their claims with disastrous results. Having thus sketched in the background of the series of colonial wars [Odious with merchants, middlemen & wolves, All pell-mell, a universal monster],...» (HH, XXIII, p.182-184).

© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§863 The triple alliance of Japan, Germany and Italy vs. the League of Nations (1933-1941): V-85:

V-85 (§863):

By the Germans and surrounding regions,
Shall be in war because of clouds:
A camp marine locusts and gnats,
Of Leman the faults shall be fully disclosed.

(Par les Sueves & lieux circonvoisins,
Seront en guerre pour cause des nuees:
Camp marine locustes & cousins,
Du Leman faultes seront bien desnuees.)

NOTES: By the Germans and surrounding regions, Shall be in war (Par les Sueves & lieux circonvoisins, Seront en guerre): In this sentence without its formal subject in relation to the principal verb “Shall be (seront)”, the adverbial prepositional phrase: “By the Germans and surrounding regions” offers its actual substitute. Then, it can be said that “The Germans and surrounding regions shall be in war”. This type of sentence is familiar in the Prophecies of Nostradamus (e.g. IV-25, VIII-18, X-87).

Les Sueves: = The Germans = “Sueve” (§500, I-61): « Provoked by the Hunnish push which breaks in 375 the Ostrogothic empire, the Germanic invasions unfurl in four waves upon the Roman Empire. The first, that of the Visgoths, leaps over the Danube in 376, beats the emperor Valens who is killed at Adrianople in 378 and attains finally Aquitaine in 418. The second, that of the Vandals, the Sueves (Suèves) and the Alans, rushed upon Gaul on December 31, 406, across the Rhine… » (Duby, p.37); « Nostradamus designates here by a historical metaphor Hitler’s conquest of France and his Reich equally ephemeral.» (Ionescu, 1976, p.488).

Desnuees: = stripped naked; « dénuer. To deprive (of); Se dénuer, to strip oneself bare.» (Dubois).

Because of clouds… Of Leman the faults shall be fully disclosed: « The expression “caput inter nubile condit (He thrust his head in the clouds)”, it is referring to a person with nebulous, fantastic and Utopian thoughts. Mussolini wanted to resurrect the glory of the ancient Rome. It was a great ideal. In Germany appeared a doctrine of the most developed race, an equally magnificent idea. Nostradamus seems to think of these nebulous ideas that shall be the profound causes of wars. It is remarkable that Nostradamus reproaches not only the Nazism [les Sueves] and the Fascism [lieux circonvoisins] for their recrudescence of these Utopian dreams, but also the Great Powers who founded the League of Nations, not for their spirit of justice, but for their scheme of world government, which could keep the other countries under control. “Of Leman the faults shall be fully disclosed” does he say in conclusion, in showing us that he did know very well the underthought of this international organization and its result in the end.» (Ionescu, id., p.487-488).

A camp: = A camp, a belligerent, of the Triple Alliance, namely Japan in addition to Germany (les Sueves) and Italy (lieux circonvoisins). By the way, this word cannot signify “battle (bataille)” as Ionescu pretends so (Ionescu, id., p.489).

Marine locusts: = Carrier-borne aircraft, “locusts” being such flying insects as fly once with a leap by means of their long hind legs to land relatively at once, which images “carrier-borne aircraft”. By the way, the adjective “marins (marine)”, plural in French, cannot qualify the word “camp”, singular in French, as Ionescu pretends so, but “locustes (locusts)”, plural in themselves. 

Gnats (Cousins): = Landplanes, “gnats” being such flying insects as can keep flying for a long time, which images landplanes. Ionescu interpreted “cousins” as “mosquitoes living near the waterside” = hydroavions, hydroplanes (Ionescu, id., p.489). But ‘hydroplane mother ships’ were at the period of the WWI and completely replaced by aircraft carriers in the WWII (cf. EH, IV, p.1038; V, p.345).

A camp marine locusts and gnats: The key question is to which country does the carrier-borne aircraft in the quatrain belong. Now, in the period of the WWII, the powers that could afford the operational usage of aircraft carriers were limited to three, namely the UK, the USA and Japan (cf. EH, V, p.345), of these Japan is to be featured here because she had left the League of the Nations in 1933 like Germany in 1933 and Italy in 1937, whereas the UK and the USA supported it.

In fact, the featuring of Japan in WWII by the comment of “carrier-borne aircraft” is very persuasive as to the opening stage of the War: « Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941 … Vice-Admiral Nagumo Chuichi’s Japanese aircraft carrier task force left Kure under strict radio silence in November, vanishing into the Pacific. A fleet of thirty-one ships, including six carriers, sailed 1,000 miles (1,609 km), undetected, refueling from tankers at sea, to arrive within flying range of Hawaii.» (Grant, 2011, p.824); « … Although there had been no declaration of war, Japanese carrier-borne aircraft attacked Pearl Harbour early on Sunday, December 7th, 1941. Within less than two hours, the Japanese had sunk or disabled 19 ships (including 5 battleships), destroyed 120 aircraft and killed 2,400 people. The Japanese force had gathered in the Kurile Islands and had pu to sea on November 26th. Congress declared war on Japan on December 8th; Germany and Italy, Japan’s allies, declared war on the U.S.A. on December 11th. The American naval losses at Pearl Harbour gave an initial advantage to Japanese sea-power.» (Palmer, p.215); « The Japanese losses were 29 aircraft, 5 midget submarines and 64 people. This Japanese operation proved the air supremacy over naval vessels and gave a start to the air covered sea battles thereafter.» (EH, VII, p.940).

On the other hand, the word “cousins (gnats)” seems to refer to the Sea Battle off Malaya on December 10th, 1941: « 1940 Sep: 27th, Germany, Italy and Japan sign ten-year economic and military pacts.» (Williams, 1968, p.574); « When Germany knocked France out, the Japanese demanded and got airfields in Indo-China [in September 1940]: that provoked the first American economic sanctions. At this stage only the army definitely wanted war. In 1941 Indo-China was occupied, and on 28 July America applied total sanctions, including oil. That, in effect, brought the matter to a head.» (Johnson, 1991, p.391); “ Sinking of Force Z: As relations with Japan deteriorated in late 1941, the British government decided to send naval reinforcements (“Force Z”) to Singapore to deter Japanese action. Two battleships, the Prince of Wales and Repulse, were sent but a planned aircraft carrier did not go. The admiral in charge was one of the least air-minded in the Royal Navy; he made a blundering attempt, without air cover, to intercept Japanese landing forces off Malaya. Instead, on 10 December, the British ships were tracked down and sunk with little difficulty by Japanese land-based aircraft.” (Sommerville, id., p.80); « Prince of Wales and Repulse 10 December 1941 … Japan’s war plan included an invasion of northeast Malaya – controlled by Britain – from bases in the occupied French colony of Indo-China. This attack began simultaneously with the Pearl Harbor strike, early on 8 December Malaysian time. Later that day, Force Z set out to attack the invaders, but was soon spotted by the Japanese. On the morning of 10 December, the Royal Navy ships were attacked by land-based bombers and torpedo aircraft operating from Indo-China. The British commander, Admiral Sir Tom Philips, was keeping radio silence, unwisely assuming that his colleagues in Malaya would work out where he was heading and supply air cover. Instead, the Japanese aircraft attacked unhindered, especially after a lucky hit right at the start of the action cut Prince of Wales’s speed and disabled most of its antiaircraft capability…» (Grant, 2011, p.826).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§864 WWII in Africa, Europe and Asia (1941-1945): VI-80.

VI-80 (§864):
The reign of Fez shall arrive at those of Europe,
The fire and the sword shall destroy their cities:
The great of Asia by land and sea with so huge troops,
That he shall expel peoples with blue or green eyes and cross to death.

(De Fez le regne parviendra à ceulx d'Europe,
Feu leur cité, & lame trenchera:
Le grand d'Asie terre & mer à grand troupe,
Que bleux, pers, croix, à mort deschassera.)

: Regne (reign): = Military occupation and rule; « RÈGNE. Fig. Domination, pouvoir absolu d’une personne, d’une catégorie de personnes (Figuratively.
Domination, absolute power of a person, of a class of persons).» (Petit Robert). 

The reign of Fez: « North African campaigns (June 1940-May 1943) … In response to the Italians’ desperate position, the Germans formed an Afrika Korps under Rommel. In January 1942, Rommel was finally in a position to advance, leading his forces towards Egypt. He was unable to reach Alexandria in the face of British resistance at El Alamein. In October, the reinforced 8th Army of 230,000 men and 1,230 tanks, now under Montgomery, launched its attack. Vastly inferior in number, Rommel’s troops were forced to withdraw towards Tunisia. Rommel’s position was made virtually hopeless by the success of ‘Operation Torch’, an amphibious landing on 8 November 1942 of US and British troops under Eisenhower near Casablanca on the Atlantic, and Oran and Algiers in the Mediterranean. The Vichy French troops were defeated within days, so that Rommel’s Axis forces were squeezed by advancing Allies to the east and west. Rommel was recalled in March 1943, and elite units of the Afrika Korps were evacuated from Tunis to Sicily. North Africa was liberated from the Germans and Italians with the fall of Tunis on 7 May 1943 [The reign of Fez], when some 250,000 prisoners were taken.» (
Palmowski, p.505-5-6).

The reign of Fez shall arrive at those of Europe: The victorious Allied forces advance from North Africa to Sicily in July (Operation Husky) and to mainland Italy in September 1943, and their detachment together with those newly coming from North Africa land southern France in August 1944 (Operation Anvil, renamed Dragoon) to defeat the Germans in the end.

The reign of Fez shall arrive at those of Europe, The fire and the sword shall destroy their cities: = The army of Africa shall come to aim for the Pannonians, By sea and land shall be horrible events (§824, V-48);
= Naples, Palermo, Sicily, Syracuse, New tyrants, lightnings celestial fires (§843, II-16): « Sicily and Italy, 1943-4 The Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 was followed by landings in mainland Italy in September: These knocked Italy out of the war; but the German Army’s continued stubborn defence meant that there would be no rapid Allied victory.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.134).

« 1943 JANUARY 5 North Africa US 5th Army formed in Tunisia under Lt.-Gen. Mark W. Clark.» (Argyle, 1980, p.118); « JULY 10 ALLIES INVADE SICILY (Op. Husky): Armada of 3,000 ships lands 12 divs. of 8th Army (Montgomery) and US 7th Army (Patton). JULY 22 Palermo captured by US 7th Army. AUGUST 17 END OF SICILIAN CAMPAIGN. Americans and British enter Messina. Axis forces evacuated. SEPTEMBER 3 INVASION OF CALABRIA (S. Italy): 13th Corps (8th Army) crosses from Sicily to Reggio di Calabria preceded by 900-gun barrage (Op. Baytown). SEPTEMBER 8 SURRENDER OF ITALY. SEPTEMBER 9 ALLIES LAND AT SALERNO: US 5th Army (Lt.-Gen. Mark Clark) and British 10th Corps land at Salerno, S. of Naples (Op. Avalanche). SEPTEMBER 10 British capture Salerno. Germans occupy Rome and disarm Italian forces in the N. SEPTEMBER 11 British 8th Army capture Brindisi. SEPTEMBER 17 Patrols of Allied 5th and 8th Armies link up near Agropoli, S. of Salerno.» (Argyle, 1980, p.135-140); « 1944 MAY 11 5TH AND 8TH ARMIES ATTACK GUSTAV LINE (Op. Diadem) on 48-km front. JUNE 4 ALLIED 5TH ARMY ENTERS ROME. AUGUST 15 Op. Anvil/Dragoon: ALLIED 7TH ARMY LANDS IN S. FRANCE between Nice and Toulon; airborne forces land behind beachhead. 1,300 planes hammer weak German defences. SEPTEMBER 26 8th Army begins crossing R. Uso (ancient Rubicon).» (Argyle, 1980, p.155-169); « Allied landing in Provence August 15. The whole plan should be executed by the American 7th Army, which commands General Patch. In the heart of the Allied army, the French troops, the Army B of General de Lattre de Tassigny holds a capital place…» (Kaspi, 1980, p.442-443); « LAST BATTLES IN ITALY After the capture of Rome in June 1944, Allied troops had been taken from Italy for the invasion of southern France. The remaining Allied units continued a slow advance into early 1945. In April they renewed their attacks, now with more success. German forces in Italy surrendered on 2 May, and on 4 May the advancing Allied troops linked up at the Brenner Pass with US Seventh Army coming down through Bavaria.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.195).

The Operation Dragoon
(August 1944):
« TORCH, the Anglo-American landings against French North Africa in November 1942, was followed by HUSKY, the assault against Sicily in early July 1943, and the invasion of southern Italy in September… During a series of Allied strategic planning conferences in 1943, the invasion of southern France, ANVIL emerged as a possible complement to the cross-Channel attack against northern France, now code-named OVERLORD and finally projected for 1944. Taking place either just before or during OVERLORD, ANVIL would weaken the overall German defenses in France or prevent the Germans in the south from reinforcing those in the north. Throughout the fall and winter of 1943 the U.S. Seventh Army headquarters based on Sicily thus drew up plans for a one-, two-, or three-division assault on the French Mediterranean coast, using what amphibious lift remained after all OVERLORD needs had been met. During the winter of 1943-44, Eisenhower, commanding the Allied forces in the Mediterranean, had left to take charge of the Allied expeditionary armies assembling in England for OVERLORD. Shortly thereafter, Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, who had headed the American effort in Britain, moved to the Mediterranean to become deputy theater commander under its new British chief, General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson. There Devers, another Marshall protege like Eisenhower, pushed preparations for ANVIL. As drawn up by General Patch's Seventh Army staff, the nucleus of ANVIL would consist of the U.S. VI Corps under Maj. Gen. Lucian Truscott with the U.S. 3d, 36th, and 45th Infantry Divisions. As shipping schedules and the situation ashore allowed they were to be followed by seven French divisions under the overall command of General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny. As the American divisions had significantly more combat and amphibious experience than their French counterparts, many of which were colonial units only recently organized in French North Africa, it seemed logical for Truscott's forces to make the initial assault. In fact, the officers and men of both the American corps and its three divisions probably constituted one of the most experienced teams in the Allied camp, in contrast to the many green American divisions that went ashore at Normandy. Most were veterans of the North African, Sicilian, and Italian campaigns who had long become accustomed to working with one another. Their teamwork would prove vital to the success of the ensuing campaign. The relationship of the Seventh Army with the French command and the higher Allied theater headquarters was also critical. Here de Lattre agreed that, for the duration of the campaign in the south, his forces, which included two corps and one provisional army-level headquarters, would remain subordinate to Patch's Seventh Army and Wilson's Mediterranean command. It was understood however, that once the ANVIL forces joined Eisenhower's Normandy-based armies, these arrangements would change. At that time de Lattre would establish an independent command for all French combat units, while Devers would head another new headquarters, the Sixth Army Group, to control de Lattre's First French Army and Patch's Seventh, all under the overall command of Eisenhower. Both Eisenhower and Wilson approved of the agreement in July. Other elements of the ANVIL order of battle included an ad hoc airborne division, the Anglo-American 1st Airborne Task Force, under Maj. Gen. Robert T. Frederick; the Canadian-American 1st Special Service Force, an experienced regiment-size commando force; and various French special assault detachments. Air support would generally stage out of Corsica, about 100 miles away, supplemented by naval aviation from several escort carriers operating offshore. The latter vessels, together with supporting warships and the entire amphibious assault fleet, were under the control of Vice Adm. Henry K. Hewitt, U.S. Navy, the veteran commander of the Western Naval Task Force.» (Clarke, 2003).

« On 15 August, while the Falaise pocket began to shrink, Operation Anvil (now renamed Dragoon) landed 151,000 Allied troops on the Côte d’Azur between Marseilles and Nice. Most of the forces had been transferred from the Italian front.» (Beevor, 2012, p.612); « ‘Dragoon’ entailed the departure of the U.S. 6th Corps (with its three divisions), and then of the French Corps (of four divisions) – whose chiefs and members naturally preferred to help in the liberation of their motherland. The Fifth Army was thus reduced to five divisions, and the Army Group lost about 70 per cent of its air support.» (Hart, 2012, p.612).

The fire and the sword shall destroy their cities: « In Provence, General de Lattre de Tassigny had meanwhile managed to wriggle out of the plan by which he was intended to concentrate all his efforts on Toulon, and only move on to Marseilles when the large military port had been mopped up. This plan was calculated to lead the hoisting of the tricoleur on Notre Dame de la Garde on D-Day plus 45, that is on September 28, if all went well… Now left to its fate, [the German] 242nd Division defended Toulon to the last ounce of its strength. On August 21 the 1st Free French Division had got as far as Hyères, in spite of stiff resistance, and Colonel Bouvet’s commandos, working under the 9th Colonial Division, had scaled the walls of Fort Coudon on ropes and hunted down the 120 men of the garrison in the galleries: “At 1530 hours,” General de Lattre reported, “when the Kriegsmarine decided to give in, it had only six unwounded men. But at the moment of surrender, their commander signaled: ‘Fire on us.’ Violent shelling then began on the fort and lasted for a several minutes. Germans and Frenchmen alike were hit, and amongst the latter was Lieutenant Girardon, one of the heroes of the assault.” The same thing happened the next day in the ammunition magazine at Toulon, where the galleries had to be taken one by one by Lieutenant-Colonel Gambiez’s battalion of shock troops, supported by two tank-destroyers firing point-blank and a battalion of artillery, which reduced the works above the ground… The liberation of Toulon was completed on August 27 by the capitulation of Rear-Admiral Ruhfus, who had found a last refuge from the shells of the navy and the bombs of the air force in the Saint Mandrier peninsula… On August 23 de Lattre sent the 1st Armoured Division into Marseilles, and together with the 3rrd Algerian Division and the Moroccan goums it overcame the resistance within the city. As in Toulon, the Germans defended themselves bitterly, using rocket launchers, mines, and flamethrowers. The Allies were now a month ahead of schedule. The fury of their attacks had cost them 4,000 killed and wounded, but they had wiped out two enemy divisions and captured 37,000 prisoners. In late August 1944 the Franco-American victory in Provence thus usefully complemented the Anglo-American victory in Normandy.» (Bauer, 1979, p.506-507).

Terre & mer (land & sea): = Par terre & mer (by land & sea), this mode of ellipsis of preposition being the succinct usage of the idiomatic expression (e.g. III-82, VI-64, VI-80, VIII-50, X-83).

The great of Asia with so huge troops: = The Great Empire of Japan.

Pers: « PERS. Littér. Se dit de diverses couleurs où le bleu domine (surtout en parlant des yeux) (Literally. Referring to various colours where the blue dominates, especially concerning the eyes).» (Petit Robert) = Nearly green excepting the blue which precedes in text.

The great of Asia by land and sea with so huge troops, That he shall expel peoples with blue or green eyes and cross to death: « Japan drives the Allies out of South-East Asia: Faced with Japanese aggression that had been prepared and worked out at leisure, the “Arcadia” Conference hastily formed the A.B.D.A. command, the initials standing for the American, British, Dutch, and Australian forces [peoples with blue or green eyes and cross] fighting the Japanese in the Philippines, Malaya, Burma, and the Dutch East Indies. On January 15, 1942, General Wavell started to set up his A.B.D.A. headquarters at Batavia. The Japanese offensive, making full use of its considerable matériel superiority, particularly at sea and in the air, was now in full spate, with its right wing threatening Burma and its left Australia. Success followed success… » (Bauer, id., p.211).

« On April 7, however, the British Admiralty realized that the Japanese had not been deterred from advancing into the Indian Ocean by the Allied forces there, and authorized Somerville to withdraw to East Africa. Somerville decided to send his slower ships there while he himself, with the faster units, continued in the area. The withdrawal of the British fleet was a further humiliation for British seapower. Fortunately for the Allies, however, the Japanese forces did not exploit their opportunity, having already strayed beyond the limits they had set themselves beforehand. This marked the end of the first phase of Japan’s military expansion in World War II. General Tojo had occupied the “South-East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” which had been his major objective since coming to power. And he had obtained it at little cost: five destroyers, eight submarines, and 50,000 tons of merchant shipping at sea; and 10,000 dead and 4,000 wounded on land.» (Bauer, id., p.219).

« Pearl Harbor had important results: the Japanese now controlled the Pacific and by May 1942 had captured Malaya, Singapore, Burma, Hong Kong, the Dutch East Indies, the Philippines, and two American possessions, Guam and Wake Island. It caused Hitler to declare war on the USA.» (Lowe, 1988, p.255).

« Singapore, fall of (World War II) (8-15 Feb. 1942) … The fall of Singapore, long perceived as an invincible fortress of the British Empire, symbolized more than any other event the real weakness of Britain’s pretensions to defend and control her vast Empire. This provided an important stimulus to colonial independence movements after World War II, and foreshadowed the process of decolonization after 1945.» (Palmowski, p.619).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§865 The Independence of USA toward World Hegemony (1776.7.4-1945): I-50.

I-50 (§865):

Of the aquatic triplicity shall be born
A country of a man who shall make Thursday its fete:
Its rumour, glory, eminence and power shall increase,
By land and sea in the Orients a tempest.

(De l'aquatique triplicité naistra
D'un qui fera le jeudy pour sa feste:
Son bruit, loz, regne, sa puissance croistra,
Par terre & mer aux orients tempeste.)

NOTES: Here is a very significant interpretation of the quatrain by Lamont, even simultaneous with the event: “CENTURY I-QUATRAIN 50 ROOSEVELT AND THE UNITED STATES TRANSLATION: Of the Aquatic triplicity (Pisces, Scorpio, Cancer) will be born one who will make Thursday its holiday. Its fame, praise, domination and power will increase; a storm by land and sea in the Orient. INTERPRETATION: The United States of America is the only country that has Thursday for holiday. On July 4, 1776 she declared her independence, which places her birth in the sign of Cancer. Incidentally Franklin Delano Roosevelt is the only official, now in office, with whom Thursday is associated, since his decision of Thanksgiving day caused a storm of protest. There is no doubt, also, that Thanksgiving is a very important holiday for Americans, for, were it not for the help they received on that day from Indians, American history might have been different. Japan, an Oriental country, is attacking the United States in the Orient, specially.” (Lamont, 1944, p.319).

D'un qui fera… ( Of a man who shall…): = [A country] of a man who…

The aquatic triplicity
: “According to astrology, the zodiacal signs form four triangles, each of them subject to one of the elements: earth, fire, air and water. The triangle formed by the signs of water (Pisces, Scorpio and Cancer) is called « aquatic triplicity ». I have calculated the astral positions of July 4th 1776, when the « Continental Congress » adopted the Declaration of Independence. It is seen that at this date not only the Sun was in the sign of Cancer (therefore in the triplicity of water), but also it was in a very happy conjunction with the ‘benefic’ Venus and Jupiter. This last planet (Jupiter) is the dominant of the United States according to Nostradamus (cf. §873, X-73: grand Jovialiste
Jove = Jupiter). The fact that this country shall have as her holiday the Thanksgiving, which is always celebrated on the day of Jupiter (jeudi = Thursday) and during the sign of Sagittarius [the forth Thursday of November], the diurnal domicile of Jupiter, is not without significance for the astral signature of this country.” (Ionescu, 1987, p.186).

The longitude of the Sun, Jupiter and Venus on July 4th 1776 (Philadelphia, 75°11′ N, 39°57′ W, 00:00-24:00 LMT) according to StellaNavigator (the longitude of Cancer: 90° - 120°):
the Sun….
102° 39′-103° 36′
Jupiter….  95° 47′-96° 00′
92° 14′-93° 28′

Its rumour, glory, eminence and power shall increase
: Cf. « they shall come to venerate Thursday as a holiday, What she shall become shall be more wonderful as ever, Peoples shall come to honor her from the four corners of the world » (§340, X-71 ).Cf. also II-78 (§877), V-83 (§879) and III-1 (§885).

By land and sea in the Orients a tempest
: = « The great of Asia by land and sea with so huge troops, That he shall expel peoples with blue or green eyes and cross to death.» (§864, VI-80).

© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

§866 The Allied forces approaching Okinawa in an island-hopping campaign; Irresolute Japan to surrender resulting in atomic disasters with Emperor’s ending the war (1942 – 1945): I-30.

I-30 (§866):

The foreign ship in the marine storm
Shall approach near the unknown port.
Notwithstanding the signs of branches of palm,
Thereafter death, pillage: a good opinion gotten late.

(La nef estrange par le tourment marin
Abourdera pres de port incongneu,
Nonobstant signes de rameau palmerin
Apres mort, pille: bon avis tard venu.)

NOTES: Tourment: = « tourmente f. Gale, storm (cf. TEMPÊTE, tempest); Figurtaively. Storm, upheaval, turmoil.» (Dubois).

Le tourment marin (the marine storm): = « By sea in the Orients a tempest » (§865; I-50).

The foreign ship in the marine storm Shall approach near the unknown port: = The Allied island-hopping campaign in the south-west Pacific bound towards Okinawa in 1942-1945: « Allied forces – largely American, but including Australian units in the south-west Pacific – bound towards Japan in an island-hopping campaign [in the marine storm] which began with landings on Guadalcanal on 7th August 1942 and ended in June 1945 on Okinawa.» (Taylor, 1974, p.252) via Santa Cruz, New Guinea, New Britain, New Georgia, Trobriand, Bismarck Archipelago, Kolombangara, Vella Lavella, Bougainville, Gilbert, Tarawa and Makin, Kwajalein and Majuro, Saipan, Tinian, Rota and Guam, and Iwotō/Iwotoh (Island of Iwo =
硫黄島 いおうとう [reading Iwo Jima is not correct in Japanese]); « This time the landings prodded the Japanese fleet into action, and the Battle of the Philippine Sea was the result. Again Japanese losses were heavy, particularly among their dwindling reserve of carrier pilots, and three more carriers had been sunk. This highly mobile campaign was yielding ever better results, not only in terms of Japanese losses, but also in growing American skill in the techniques of shore bombardment and inter-service co-operation. The invasion of the Philippines reflected the skill developed in two years’ constant campaigning. There was also the bonus of the great Battle of Leyte Gulf in October 1944, in which the Imperial Japanese Navy made its last attempt to defeat the Americans in open battle, and was destroyed as an effective fighting force. The last phase came in April 1945, when large forces attacked Okinawa, only 800 miles south of the Japanese mainland.» (Taylor, id., p.253-254); « The American forces earmarked for the conquest of Okinawa constituted an awesome armada of battle-wise fighting units [The foreign ship, the expression la nef (the ship) being the generic singular]. Responsibility for taking the troops to their target and shielding and supporting them once they came ashore rested with Admiral Raymond A. Spruance’s 5th Fleet. Its joint Expeditionary Force, commanded by Admiral Richmond K. Turner, was designated Task Force 51. This, the invasion fleet proper, comprised half a million servicemen, over 300 warships, and over 1,139 auxiliary vessels and landing craft. It was shielded by Vice-Admiral Marc.A. Mitscher’s Task Force 58, which would also carry out the initial bombardment and neutralisation of the Japanese defences. Task Force 58 consisted of four fast carrier groups, together with the British carrier force commanded by Vice-Admiral Sir Bernard Rawlings, designated Task Force 57 although it was only the equivalent of a single American carrier group. The land forces consisted of the newlyformed 10th Army under General Simon B. Buckner (seven divisions). They totalled about 154,000 men – 116,000 of them belonging to the five divisions which would make the initial landings along the eight-mile sweep of the Hagushi beaches on the west coast between Sunabe [砂辺] and Zampa Point [残波岬] [The foreign ship shall approach near the unknown port, the Hagushi beaches in Yomitanson being closely north of the port of Naha [那覇港], the largest in Okinawa; the expression ‘unknown’ implying not the unidentification of the port but the military disregard of it in large-scale amphibious landings which necessitate a stretch of beaches (cf. Ionescu, 1987, p.364)]. D-day for Okinawa was set for the morning of April 1, 1945.» (Bauer, 1979, p.640).

The signs of branches of palm
: The symbol (sign) of PEACE and at the same time the indication (sign) of Okinawa, the only SUBTROPICAL region of Japan.
Palmerin: =  « Palmier 1, adj. De palmier (Of palm).» (Huguet).  

Notwithstanding the signs of branches of palm: Notwithstanding the fall of Okinawa in June 1945 and the Allied offer of ending the war to the Japanese through the Declaration of Potsdam on July 26th 1945; « The fall of Okinawa on 21st June 1945, after nearly three months of fighting, marked the end of the island-hopping campaign. From the rebuilt airstrips bombers could now fly round-the-clock raids against Japanese cities, and carrier task forces were close enough to maintain a complete blockade of Japan. Operations continued against outlying garrisons, particularly in Borneo, and carrier aircraft methodically eliminated the surviving units of the Japanese Navy. Without fuel for ships or aircraft the Japanese were now helpless, and the end was a matter of time. On 26th July the Allies issued the Potsdam Declaration, which stipulated unconditional surrender for the Japanese armed forces, though not for the Emperor or his government. It was hoped that this formula would allow the Japanese to ‘save face’, but when no clear reply was received the Allies set in motion plans for the final destruction of the country. The choice lay between the atomic bomb, terrible but costing no Allied soldiers’ lives, or a gigantic invasion of the land, with the likelihood of one million casualties… » (
Taylor, id., p.256).

Thereafter death, pillage: a good opinion gotten late
: « When the Japanese Prime Minister, Admiral Suzuki Kantaro, replied publicly to the declaration he said he would not comment on it for the moment; but he was misunderstood as saying that Japan would ignore it. With that Truman gave the order for the bomb to be used. The first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on the morning of 6 August 1945 by a B-29 bomber flown from the island of Tinian. The bomb killed about 80,000 people more or less instantly; an estimated 50,000 more died from its short- and long-term radiation effects. Nagasaki suffered a similar fate, but with slightly fewer casualties, on 9 August [Thereafter death, pillage, death meaning human killing and pillage the built-up cities’ destruction]. There is no doubt that Truman’s decision to use the bomb was made in large part in the hope that it would spare lives by making Japan surrender. However, the historical record is also clear that part of the motive was to intimidate the Soviets and lay down a marker for the post-war world. The Soviets issued their promised declaration of war on the 8th and their forces crashed across the border into Japanese-held Manchuria the next day. Manchuria and Northern Korea were overrun within days. Emperor Hirohito now intervened to tell the diehard militarists in his government that the war must be ended [a good opinion gotten late].» (
Sommerville, 2008, p.238-239).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.

Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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