§687

19th century:

§687 German siege of Paris; Italian unification of Rome (1870): V-30.


V-30:

All around the grand city,

Soldiers shall lodge in fields and towns:

They shall make assaults upon Paris, Rome provoked,

Upon the Pontiff then shall be made a grand pillage.

 

(Tout à l'entour de la grande cité,

Seront soldartz logés par champs & ville:

Donner l'assault Paris, Rome incité

Sur le pont lors sera faicte grand pille.) 

 

NOTES. All around the grand city, Soldiers shall lodge in fields and towns: “ Preparations were hardly completed when the enemy arrived. On the heights of Châtillon, which was a valuable position for Paris, the Germans found no opposition except from some troops who were already demoralised, being, so to speak, composed of the tail-end of defeated regiments. A panic ensued and the Germans gained possession of the heights, which enabled them to bombard Paris.” (HH, XIII, p.163). “ On the very evening of the 19th [of September, 1870], the two German armies came into contact with each other and achieved the besiegement of Paris.” (Seignobos, 1921b, p.255). Cf: Between the two streams shall enclose him the military hand (§689, VI-33).

They shall make assaults upon Paris: “At last bombardment brought the siege to an end. The Prussians launched enormous shells, larger than any that had yet been known, into the town, on to the monuments which are the pride of civilisation, on to the hospitals, on to the schools where sometimes the dead bodies of five or six children would be found. They fell, not on the ramparts, but in Paris. All through the night these huge masses of metal, whose fall meant death and destruction, were heard whizzing through the air. But the whole town only became the more enthusiastic, everyone was eager to fight, and not an angry word was heard, unless anyone spoke of surrender.” (HH, XIII, p.165). On the other hand, Paris  made scarcely any true assault on the enemy (cf. id.).

Le pont: = Pontife (Pontiff). Cf. le pont, le Pont (§777, VII-24); pontife (775, III-65).

Rome provoked, Upon the Pontiff then shall be made a grand pillage: « In vain had Victor Emmanuel sent his envoy to Rome with an autograph letter in which he appealed to the heart of the pope “ with the affection of a son, the loyalty of a king, and the soul of an Italian,” that he would permit the royal troops, already posted in the outskirts of Rome, to enter and occupy such positions in the Roman territory as was necessary for the maintenance of order and the safe-guarding of the pontiff. Pius IX held firmly to his refusal, saying he would yield to force but not to injustice. Then it was necessary to resort to force. The government gave orders to General Raffaele Cadorna to pass the borders with his troops, at the same time informing the European governments, by means of a circular letter, of the resolution taken and justifying its action by pointing out the impossibility of reconciling Italy with papal Rome and the necessity of procuring peace and security for Italy. The note then reassured the powers as to the steps Italy would take for the safeguard of the pope's spiritual power so that his liberty and independence might be complete. On September 11th [1870] Cadorna entered the pontifical territories. On the 17th the Italian soldiers were at Civitavecchia, and on the 19th under the walls of Rome.» (HH, IX, p.621-622)

« But Pius IX had determined on his course of conduct and was resolved to pursue it at any cost. His views were expressed in his letter written September 19th to General Kanzler, the commander-in-chief of the papal force. In it Pius IX ordered Kanzler to treat with the enemy on the slightest breach of the walls of Rome “ as the defence was solely to be suffcient to serve as proof of an act of violence and nothing more.” And so it happened; at half-past five on the morning of September 21st the Italian soldiers opened fire between the Pia and the Sorlara gates and at the gate of St. John and St. Pancras, and hardly was a breach made when the papal troops ceased fire and hoisted the white flag on all the batteries. A messenger was sent to Cadorna and it was speedily agreed that Rome should surrender all but the Leonine city, whicn should for the present remain under the jurisdiction of the pope. Then the papal troops were awarded the honours of war, but were obliged to lay down arms and flags. The peasant soldiers were sent back to their homes and all foreigners despatched to their respective countries at the expense of the Italian government. » (HH, IX, p.622) 

«The taking possession of Rome by King Victor Emmanuel and the voluntary retirement of Pius IX to the Vatican closes the revolutionary era to which these two personages have given their names. It had led on the one hand to the constitutional unity of Italy, and on the other to the suppression of the states of the church, — the last vestige of ecclesiastical immunities of the Middle Ages to the exclusively spiritual constitution of the sovereign pontiff of universal Catholicism, — two of the most important changes accomplished in the history of politics and European civilisation.» (HH, IX, p.623)

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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2014. All rights reserved.

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Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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