§691 French evacuation of Rome; Napoleon III dethroned (1867-1871): II-26.

II-26 (§691):

For the favor the city shall show
To the great who shall soon lose his battlefield,
Flee the Po, the brigade ! The Ticino shall shed its blood,
Fires, deaths, the drowned in the massive shooting.

(Pour la faveur que la cité fera
Au gran qui tost perdra champ de bataille,
Fuis le rang Po, Thesin versera
De sang, feuz, morts, noyes de coup de taille.)

NOTES: For the favor the city shall show To the great…Flee the Po, the brigade !:  = Notwithstanding the favorable relations between Rome and Napoleon III [since 1867], who is destined to lose soon in the battlefield [September 2nd, 1870], you, the French garrison in Rome, flee from the Po [August 19th, 1870] to relieve your country faced with strong Prussians [since the 19th of July, 1870], the preposition FOR (POUR) marking “ in exchange for ” by antiphrasis.

The favor the city shall show To the great: « The party of action was agitating for hastening the solution of the Roman question. This question entered upon a new phase after the departure of the French from Rome [in 1866]. The first announcement of the new proposals of the party of action was a proclamation from Garibaldi, published in July of 1867, which invited the Romans to rebel and the Italians to hold themselves in readiness to help him. The agitation once created, it was increased and fomented by every means; and as the waves rose the words of the great patriot became more ardent and violent. When Garibaldi left Florence for Arezzo, to assume command of the volunteers stationed on the borders, the government, which had let him go so far, removed him from command and had him taken to the fortress of Alessandria. But it did nothing to disperse the volunteers who had received from Garibaldi himself the word of command to prosecute the undertaking; and soon afterwards terrified at his ardour the government sent the prisoner free to Caprera, without even exacting a promise to remain quietly there, thinking it was sufficient guarantee to have the island watched by a few warships. Meanwhile a band of Garibaldians of about 200 men entered Viterbo and there instituted a provisionary government under the name of  ''committee of insurrection." At the same time two other companies passed the frontier. But grave news arrived at that time from France. The French journals announced that preparations for a fresh Roman expedition were in progress at the port of Toulon, and following this announcement there came a note (October 19th) from the government saying that France  would intervene with her forces if the Italian government did not put a stop to the Garibaldian movement…A victory gained October 25th by Garibaldi at Monterotondo over the papal troops fomented the  enthusiasm of the insurgent youths so that they feared no danger, nor were they checked by any obstacle. The dangers and obstacles increased immeasurably. After long vacillation the emperor seeing the impotence of the Italian government to end the Garibaldian invasion had determined on French intervention in the Roman state…  The Châssepots had conquered; Rome was once more in the hands of the French [October 30th, 1867]. The royal troops remained in the pontifical territories, but the French minister having protested against this occupation, the government, not wishing further to aggravate an already strained situation, ordered them to be recalled and the king took advantage of this act of abnegation to send a letter to the emperor Napoleon in which he conjured him, in the interest of the Napoleonic dynasty, to break definitely with the clerical party and order the immediate recall of the troops from Rome. But Napoleon III was deaf to this advice, which was nevertheless wise; he would not break the hybrid union with the clerical party, and reaped from it, as recompense, the union in the same grave of the papal monarchy and the Napoleonic empire. The answer was given by the French minister of foreign affairs, Rouher, the faithful executor and interpreter of his masters' policy. In the discussion which took place in the legislative assembly on the new expedition to Rome, this minister said that the Italians had “ never had Rome.”» (HH, IX, p.617-621).

The Ticino [symbolizing the Sardinian king of Italy Victor Emmanuel] shall shed its blood [to accomplish Italian unifcation]: « In vain had Victor Emmanuel sent his envoy to Rome with an autograph letter in which he appealed to the heart of the pope “ with the affection of a son, the loyalty of a king, and the soul of an Italian,” that he would permit the royal troops, already posted in the outskirts of Rome, to enter and occupy such positions in the Roman territory as was necessary for the maintenance of order and the safe-guarding of the pontiff. Pius IX held firmly to his refusal, saying he would yield to force but not to injustice. Then it was necessary to resort to force. The government gave orders to General Raffaele Cadorna to pass the borders with his troops, at the same time informing the European governments, by means of a circular letter, of the resolution taken and justifying its action by pointing out the impossibility of reconciling Italy with papal Rome and the necessity of procuring peace and security for Italy. The note then reassured the powers as to the steps Italy would take for the safeguard of the pope's spiritual power so that his liberty and independence might be complete. On September 11th [1870] Cadorna entered the pontifical territories. On the 17th the Italian soldiers were at Civitavecchia, and on the 19th under the walls of Rome. But Pius IX had determined on his course of conduct and was resolved to pursue it at any cost. His views were expressed in his letter written September 19th to General Kanzler, the commander-in-chief of the papal force. In it Pius IX ordered Kanzler to treat with the enemy on the slightest breach of the walls of Rome “ as the defence was solely to be suffcient to serve as proof of an act of violence and nothing more.” And so it happened; at half-past five on the morning of September 21st the Italian soldiers opened fire between the Pia and the Sorlara gates and at the gate of St. John and St. Pancras, and hardly was a breach made when the papal troops ceased fire and hoisted the white flag on all the batteries. A messenger was sent to Cadorna and it was speedily agreed that Rome should surrender all but the Leonine city, whicn should for the present remain under the jurisdiction of the pope. Then the papal troops were awarded the honours of war, but were obliged to lay down arms and flags. The peasant soldiers were sent back to their homes and all foreigners despatched to their respective countries at the expense of the Italian government. The taking possession of Rome by King Victor Emmanuel and the voluntary retirement of Pius IX to the Vatican closes the revolutionary era to which these two personages have given their names. It had led on the one hand to the constitutional unity of Italy, and on the other to the suppression of the states of the church, — the last vestige of ecclesiastical immunities of the Middle Ages to the exclusively spiritual constitution of the sovereign pontiff of universal Catholicism, — two of the most important changes accomplished in the history of politics and European civilisation.» (HH, IX, p.621-623). 

De taille: « très grand (very great), très important (very important)(Petit Robert). 

Fires, deaths, the drowned in the massive shooting [of the Prussian army]: « [January 1871] At last bombardment brought the siege to an end. The Prussians launched enormous shells, larger than any that had yet been known, into the town, on to the monuments which are the pride of civilisation, on to the hospitals, on to the schools where sometimes the dead bodies of five or six children would be found. They fell, not on the ramparts, but in Paris. All through the night these huge masses of metal, whose fall meant death and destruction, were heard whizzing through the air.» (HH, XIII, p.165).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2014. All rights reserved.



Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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