§693

19th century:

§693 Prussian besiegement of Paris; the Paris Commune (1870-1871): V-81.

 

V-81:

The royal bird over the solar city,

Seven months in front shall make a nocturnal augury:

The wall of the Orient shall fall, thunder, lightning,

Seven days at the gates the enemies just now.

 

(L'oyseau royal sur la cité solaire,

Sept moys devant fera nocturne augure:

Mur d'Orient cherra tonnerre, esclaire,

Sept jours aux portes les ennemis à lheure.)

 

NOTES: The royal bird: = « The royal eagle of Prussia.» (Torné-Chavigny, 1876b, p.47).

The solar city: = « The city of light (ville-lumière), as Mr. V. Hugo called then Paris.» (id.).

Seven months in front: The Prussian besiegement of Paris from September 19th, 1870, till March 1st, 1871, when the Prussian army entered the city (cf. Serman, 1986, p.576-577).

The royal bird shall make a nocturnal augury: The besiegement of seven months was announcing the final defeat of France. (Torné-Chavigny, id.).

The royal bird over the solar city: This is substantially equal to saying that the Prussian flag is going to be hoisted in the sky of Paris. Then, the expression of the first line is not a signal of such an alliance as imagined by Fontbrune (1999, p.16) between the U.S. (represented by the american eagle) and Egypt (represented by its ancient capital of Heliopolis, the Sun city) in the first gulf war, but of a conquest of the enemy just according to a traditional military habit of victorious soldiers. Moreover, that alliance is not representative of the vast international coalition then formed among the UN, its principal Arab power not having been Egypt, but Saudi Arabia (cf. Reynolds, 2000, p.588).

The wall of the Orient shall fall, thunder, lightning, Seven days at the gates the enemies just now: = The wall of the Orient shall fall [through] thunder [&] lightning [in] seven days, the enemies [having been] at the gates just now: « The League [Paris Commune], after having abandoned the approaches, deserted the occident, the north and the south of Paris in order to build up the last rampart in the “Orient”. This wall (the barricades) fell under the thundering strikes of cannon, after seven days’ combat, from the moment when the Versailles troops had been at the gates a little while ago.» (Torné-Chavigny, 1876b, p.47).

The interpretation of the wall of the Orient by Fontbrune as the wall of Berlin is not pertinent because he pretends that the collapse of the Wall which he features in a joyful festival on the Gate of Brandenburg on Decembe 31, 1989, was a dark signal before seven months of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait (August 1990) (Fontbrune, id.), which is historically and psychologically a nonsense, of course,  and grammatically wrong because the French grammar invites us to read the verses in question as follows: The royal bird over the solar city shall make a nocturnal augury [of the capitulation of France, against which the Parisians shall rise in rebellion and their last ] wall of the Orient shall fall.

And the so-called collapse of the wall of Berlin is not, in reality, a material fall of the partitions, but an unexpectedly authorized free exit from East Germany beginning on the evening of November 9th, 1989
(cf. DKHistory, p.447). And if this authorized opening of the border between East and West Berlin with the ensuing [official] razing of the wall fabric (10 November 1989/[summer 1990] – 9 December 2000 [cf. Williams, 2003, p.41; Archives of the Land of Berlin, 2008, p.118]; Waldenburg, 1990, p.119; DKHistory, id.) can be called figuratively and historically “the fall of the Berlin Wall” (Williams, id.; Archives of the Land of Berlin, id.; Judt, 2005, p.615), the naming of “the wall of the Orient” for the Berlin Wall does not match the fact because it is above all the obstacle on the west border of East Berlin against the East Berliners.

Nostradamus’ real prophecy of the fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 is the quatrain II-57 (§922) pronouncing that: “ Before the conflict the great wall (le grand mur) shall fall…” (Ionescu, 1993, p.164-167), “the conflict” being between Ceausescu and his nation in the following December. In fact, « Round the whole of West Berlin there thus developed a 166 kilometre-long border system consisting of walls, metal fences, alarm fences, tank-traps, dog-runs, trip wires, ditches and pits, searchlights, automatic shooting devices, 43 bunkers and 295 watch-towers.» (Waldenburg, 1990, p.120).

And another usage in the Prophecies of Nostradamus of the same expression: “ the great wall (le grand mur)” (§433, II-63) refers to Napoleon Bonaparte’s Italian satellite-states (of Ferrara, Bologna and Ravenna) ceded to him by the treaty of Tolentino in 1797.

On the other hand, the expression: “the wall of the Orient” of this quatrain perfectly fits the fact that it refers to the Communard barricades built in the eastern districts of the city of Paris.

The wall: « On the 18th and 19th [of May, 1871] the struggle continued with varying success, but on the whole the Versaillists still gained ground, and it was expected that the assault would be delivered within the next day or two. Nor were the people of Paris deceived in this respect. All hope of conquering the Army of Versailles outside the ramparts had been renounced by the Commune, since the defeat of the provincial towns which sided with them, and they looked forward to their one chance of a victory in the streets. For this event the most formidable works had been prepared in the form of skilfully constructed barricades, some of which resembled small fortresses. That at the angle of the Rue de Rivoli and the Rue de Saint Florentin was a veritable redoubt, supported on the right by the Ministry of Marine and on the left by the Tuileries. It was constructed of earth, and sacks filled with earth, and pierced with five embrasures. Four other barricades defended the Place de la Concorde. The Places Vendôme, Madeleine, and that of the Hôtel de Ville were strongly barricaded, as were also a great many streets in the heart of the city, and in the most populous arrondisements inhabited by the working classes. These were local, but there were others of general strategical importance, which had been constructed according to the plans of Cluseret, under the superintendence of a young colonel of engineers.» (Rich, II, p.623).

At the gates the enemies just now: « On the morning of the 21st the day when the Versailles troops entered Paris, the ramparts and the neighbouring roads were ploughed by shot and shell. The gates of La Muette, St. Cloud, and Versailles were already half demolished, and there was the second line of defence still unmanned and unarmed. The superior officers replied to all that he could urge that there was no danger of the fortifications being forced. The Commune was about to rise from what proved to be its last sitting, at six o'clock in the evening of that day, when a despatch was received from General Dombrowski, announcing that the gate of the Point du Jour had been taken. The Versaillists were already within the enceinte, and all night long their shells and bombs fell in the direction of the Quai Voltaire. The event was a surprise to Marshal Mac-mahon himself, and the troops who first entered Paris were inside the enceinte before any one but themselves knew that so great an historical incident was impending. Versailles witnessed another triumph the next day (May 22nd), when intelligence was received of the entrance of the troops into Paris. M. Thiers, addressing the Chamber, said: " The cause of right, liberty, order, and civilization is triumphant. Our admirable army is shedding its generous blood, and exhibiting its valour. By the aid of the powerful artillery brought into play the approaches have been pushed forward with great rapidity. It was so difficult an undertaking to drive a sap over so extended a space that we did not consider that the assault could be made yet for three or four days. General Douay, having observed that the Porte de St. Cloud had been abandoned, sent forward his troops. On the left, General Ladmirault took the gates of Passy and Auteuil, and then turning to the left, seized the Arc de Triomphe. General Vinoy, entering by the Point du Jour, passed the Seine, and opened the gate of Sevres to General Cissey. By two o'clock General Cissey was master of the Faubourg St. Germain as far as Mont Parnasse, and General Clinchamps was at the New Opera House. The slight resistance we have met with warrants us in hoping that Paris will soon be restored to its true sovereign — to France. We will visit with the rigour of the law those men who have been guilty of crime against France, and have not shrunk from assassination or the destruction of national monuments. The expiation shall be complete.".» (Rich, II, p.623-625).

Thunder, lightning: « Marshal Macmahon issued orders that only those barricades were to be stormed that were of strategical importance; all others were to be turned. It thus happened that the arrival of General Clinchant on the boulevards on the evening of the 22nd of May caused the defences of the Tuileries and the Barricade St. Florentine to be abandoned. For the same reason the insurgents, driven back upon the Louvres, felt it prudent to evacuate their entrenchment when they found they were taken by the boulevard of Sebastopol. The Marshal's plan of action was always to extend his line, so as to turn and outflank his enemy. " On May 23rd," says Vésinier, who may be trusted for these details, " the defenders of the Commune cannonaded with bomb and shell from the Buttes Montmartre, which were armed with two hundred cannons, and commanded the whole of Paris, the enemy's positions at the Champs de Mars, the Trocadero, etc., in such a style that they were almost untenable. These heights formed the most important, most elevated, and best armed position of the Commune. The efforts of the invaders were, therefore, early on the morning of the 23rd, principally directed against them..." The Pradié brigade of the 1st corps, at the head of which were the volunteers of the Seine, arrived first at the battery of Moulin de la Galette; and soon afterwards a company of the 10th battalion of chasseurs, supported by a vigorous attack from General Wolff, hoisted the tricolour on the Solferino Tower. It was one o'clock. " We were masters of the great fortress of the Commune, the heart of the insurrection — a formidable position, from which the insurgents could cover all Paris with their fire. More than a hundred cannons, with considerable stores of arms and ammunition, fell into our hands." The strength of the Versailles army engaged in these operations was about 90,000 men; so desperate was the struggle to plant the tricolour upon the Montmartre buttes and the Northern Railway station. The victorious troops immediately erected several batteries in Montmartre, one with eight naval guns of large calibre. These and other guns opened a heavy fire during the night between the 23rd and 24th of May on the Quartier du Temple and the Hôtel de Ville. During this night the Tuileries burst out in flames, and the Palais Royal, the Theatre Lyrique, and the Chatelet, the Palais de Justice, the Prefecture of Police, and other public buildings shared the same fate. The Luxemburg and Pantheon fell into the hands of the troops at four o'clock, and all their defenders who were unable to escape were instantly shot. The scene as witnessed from the top of the Belleville heights [we once more quote the official historian of the Commune] was " the most imposing, terrific, and horrible spectacle that can possibly be imagined. A long line of fire lighted up Paris as if it were broad day, the Seine separating and cutting it in two. The flames seemed to reach the clouds and lick the heavens. They were as intense and brilliant as the rays of the sun. The hearths from which they arose were more white-red, more incandescent, than the hottest furnace. In comparison with them the electric light grew pale. Some, with fiercer nuclei in their midst than the rest, displayed a brilliancy beyond all description. From time to time terrific explosions [thunder] were heard, while immense sheaves of flame and balls of fire and sparks rose above the rest to the heavens, piercing the clouds. They were like enormous bouquets of fireworks. Never had we beheld such a terrifying sublimity. And all the time we were witnessing this imposing and fearful spectacle the Versaillist batteries poured forth bomb and shell, whose sinister flashes, curves, globes, and cylinders of fire, leaving as it were their trails on the night, we followed with the eye. Their fiery lines crossed each other high over burning Paris. It was magical, sublime, terrible. It seemed as though, in a world of fire, we were attending a pyrotechnical exhibition, a lightning play of invisible giants juggling with fire-balls. The conflagrations sprang up under the effect of bomb and shell as if by magic. Wherever any shell bursts, they seemed to burn weakly at first, but rapidly increased in intensity, and rising like giants, illuminated the horizon. It is no exaggeration to say that they multiplied with the rapidity of lightning [lightning]. It was a sight of terror to behold the spontaneous bursting of these multitudes of brilliant ovens. The fires in Paris increased in a most fearful manner. The city presented the aspect of a parterre of fire, with conflagrations instead of roses."» (Rich, II, p.627-629).

The wall of the Orient shall fall seven days: « On the 25th, those [Forts] at Montrouge, Bicêtre and Ivry, and the redoubts of Hautes Bruyères and Villejuif, were taken. Within the walls, the Barrière d'ltalie, the Butte aux Cailles, the Orleans railway station, the Jardin des Plantes, and the Halle aux Vins, on the left bank of the river, were occupied. On the right, the troops held the Lyons railway station, Mazas, the Grenier d'Abondance, the National Printing Office, the Place du Château d'Eau, the Prince Eugene Barracks, and the Arts and Métiers Square. Next day (May 26th), the Place de la Bastille was turned on the east, and all the avenues, boulevards, and streets abutting on it were occupied by the enemy. The reader who knows the topography of Paris, or inspects the plan of the city [cf. Serman, 1986, p.495], will understand that when these operations were accomplished, with the troops already in possession of the heights of Montmartre on the north, the occupation a little later of the Place du Trône, and the simultaneous advance of the troops along the ramparts, the quarter of Belleville was being literally hemmed in by a circle of fire and steel. Macmahon's plan of attack was clear to the leaders of the Commune, and they prepared to meet it by constructing numerous barricades at the ramparts, and between the gates of Vincennes and Pantin. They barricaded also every great thoroughfare leading from the centre of Paris to the ramparts, so as to secure the rear of La Petite Villette, Ménilmontant, Belleville, and Charonne. Powerful batteries were also established on the heights opposite bastions 19, 20, and 21, near the gates of Ménilmontant, Près St. Gervais, and Romain-ville, so as to sweep the rampart road up to the gates of Pantin and Vincennes [cf. Rich, II, between pp. 572-573: plan of Paris and its Fortifications]. The Belleville heights were thus converted into a very citadel, as certain to fall as any other besieged place invested by a sufficiently numerous and skilfully handled force. This, in fact, was exactly the case, and to die fighting, like tigers at bay, was all that the insurgents could now propose to themselves. Fight they did, and fight gallantly. Every barricade in succession stood a siege; and if in any instance the defenders offered to surrender on condition of their lives being spared, the offer was sternly refused, and the struggle continued. It is said that the combatants were maddened by using as a stimulant tobacco soaked in spirits. During the fighting for Belleville on the 26th, an English medical student, who has related his experiences of the last days of the Commune, states that he saw a battalion of women, armed with Snider rifles, fighting with the greatest courage. Among them were many pretty-looking young girls. He says "they fought like devils, 'far better than the men’”… The situation of the Communists became every moment more critical. Escape from the fiery furnace that was kindled around them was impossible. If they fled before the fire of the cannon on one side, it was to face the leaden hail of the more terrible mitrailleuses on the other, or to fall by the swords of Barail's cavalry, which scoured the roads leading outwards. That night the aspect of Paris was indescribably awful. The buildings of Versailles, at the distance of twelve miles, were reddened by the flames whose aurora was even reflected in the ornamental water and the basin of Apollo. The operations were resumed at four o'clock in the morning of the 27th, when the troops opened fire on the insurgents from their new batteries erected during the night on the road in front of the cattle market near the Ourcq canal. This was an evil sign for the defenders of Belleville, as it proved that the turning movement was extending in their rear on the north-western or right of their position. On the left a similar movement was commenced by an assault on the position in the cemetery of Père la Chaise, which was defended by two batteries and a row of barricades. The insurgents, forced back on all sides, retreated skirmishing, sheltering themselves behind the tombstones; but the troops, advancing through the avenues, soon reached the high grounds of the cemetery, where, at the foot of the Demidoff monument, the most powerful batteries had been erected. M. Vésinier says, " It was not until after a most desperate fight, the massacre of the gunners at their pieces, and shooting down of the National Guards, that the cemetery was taken. More than six thousand dead bodies strewed the avenues and tombs. Many were murdered in the graves where they had sought shelter, and dyed the coffins with their blood. The massacre was frightful." Only a fanatical admirer of the Commune is likely to be misled by M. Vésinier's choice of language, in which to describe the incidents of a battle as important in its results, and as obstinately contested as any in history. Thus, step by step, the insurgents were driven in on their positions till, on the night of the 27th, they were enclosed within a space of a few hundred metres in width, and the distance from bastion 15 to bastion 21 in length, forming a segment of a circle. Here they fought heroically and hopelessly till the enemy, having become master of the Rue Haxo, advanced upon the last remnant of the National Guard "like an irresistible sea of fire." The last blow was struck on Sunday the 28th, when, at 2.15 p.m., an official circular announced that the insurrection was crushed.» (Rich, II, p.630-631).

This fierce combat (21-28 May) is summarized in history as the bloody week (la semaine sanglante ) (Jouette; Aoyama, 1992; Noël, 2010, p.80; Bidouze, 1991, p.94).

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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2014. All rights reserved.

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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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