§715

19th century:

§715 Resignation of President MacMahon (1879.1.30): IV-72.

 

IV-72:

The counselors by the Orleanists and the Legitimists,

At St.-Félix shall make their Parliament:

Those of touchstone shall come to their disfavor,

To seize the amnesty and the military personnel promptly.

 

(Les Artomiques par Agen & l'Estore,

A sainct Felix feront leur parlement:

Ceulx de Basas viendront à la mal' heure,

Saisir Condon & Marsan promptement.)

 

NOTES: Vignois (1910, p.385) gives us a sophisticated solution in applying the method of Torné-Chavigny who sees sometimes common usages in the proper names: e.g. Monech (Monaco) for moine (monk) (Torné-Chavigny, 1862, p.56); Nice for victoire (victory) (Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.58), etc.

Les Artomiques: = the Greek ἀρθῆναι (to be cleared) + ὁμἰχλη (mist, fog, obscurity) (Bailly; Liddell & Scott) = oneiromancy (interpretation of dreams) = the counselors of a monarch (Vignois, id.) = the duke of Broglie, chief of the Cabinet and the Orleanist chiefs supporting President MacMahon followed by the Orleanist majority of the Bordeaux Assembly, who saw the tide in favor of the Tricolor.

Agen: in Lot-et-Garonne = agens (agents) (Vignois, id.) = the Republicans, altough Vignois attributes it to the Bonapartists.

l'Estore: = Lectoure (Gers) = the Latin lecto (in the bed) (Vignois, id.) = the Legitimists dreaming of the White Standard, although Vignois attributes it to the Orleanists.

Sainct Felix: = Saint-Félix of Caraman = Saint-Félix-Lauragais (Haute-Garonne): MacMahon was “of Caraman” by his mother (Vignois, id.).

Basas: = Bazas (Gironde) = in Greek βἀσανος (touchstone); Ceulx de Basas: Those of touchstone = the Radicals (Vignois, id.).

Condon: =  Condom (Gers) suggesting the Latin word condono (to forgive, to pardon) (Vignois, id.).

Marsan: = Mont-de-Marsan (Landes) leading to Martii mons (the mountain of Mars) = the supreme commandment of the Army (Vignois, id.).

The counselors by the Orleanists and the Legitimists, At St.-Félix shall make their Parliament: « The Orleanist chiefs could not want the return of a king accustomed to see in them his adversaries, irresistibly disposed to keep them off the power and prefer his legitimist partisans to them. They kept to the parliamentary regime and to the Tricolor [make their Parliament], and could not but dread a Prince avowedly devoted to the personal government and to the white standard. The duke of Broglie, president of the Council, and Buffet, president of the Assembly [the councelors], appealed to their functions to keep off… In case of the failure, the Orleanist chiefs had their solution ready, the prolongation of the powers of the Marshal MacMahon [At St.-Félix], under a provisory regime which should reserve their future.» (Seignobos, 1921b, p.366).

« The Orleanist chiefs were prepared for the failure of the restoration, and probably they desired it; they at once took their measures to keep indefinitely the provisory regime and the government of the conservative party… There remained none other but the solution prepared by de Broglie, a prolongation of the powers of MacMahon, sufficiently long to combat with authority against the radicals [those of touchstone]… But, the hazard gave the majority of 8 against 7  to the republicans in the allotment of bureau of the commission. The Left Center declared itself ready to extend the Presidency, but “ in tying tight the law of prolongation to the prompt organization of the Public Powers.” The prolongation, instead of perpetuating the provisory, would serve to found the Republic.» (Seignobos, id., p.375-376).

« The commission, modifying the proposition, reduced the prolongation to five years starting from the next legislation, and created a commission of 30 members nominated in the bureau to examine constitutional laws. The report, drafted by Laboulaye, of the Left Center, admirer of the United States, declared in favor of the Republic: “ It is by virtue of the monarchy that you desired to obtain a constitutional government. The monarchy has subsided, but, this government you desired, we believe that you can have it no less surely under the republican form. There is no other solution today.”» (Seignobos, 1921b, p.376-377).

« The government accepted a compromise: the prolongation of the powers for seven years starting from the vote of the law, with the title of President of the Republic, and a commission of 30 members, but elected by voting for candidates on a party list, so as to secure a monarchical majority. These concessions, presented as counter-project by the minority of the commission were announced to the Assembly by a message (November 17th) that demanded the immediate vote as mark of confidence. In the public discussion (November 18th-19th), the appeal to the people was rejected by 492 votes against 38, and the counter-project voted by 383 votes against 317; a part of the Left Center [Agen], to consolidate the Republic, voted with the Rights [les Artomiques]. The extreme Right [l’Estore], after a discourse of Broglie who promised the neutrality, voted the prolongation, except 7 members who abstained. The duration of seven years, the septennate, became a constitutional law that could be modified no more by the ordinary legislative procedure. This law remains the first foundation of the actual Constitution of France [as of 1921]. As a work of a monarchic majority, it gives the President a duration of powers longer than in any other Republic of the world.» (Seignobos, id., p.377)

Those of touchstone shall come to their disfavor, To seize the amnesty and the military personnel promptly: The Radicals shall come to their disfavor to realise a general amnesty for the Communards and their policy about the higher commandments of the Army (cf. Vignois, id.).

Designation of MacMahon: On the 30th of January 1879, under the pressure of the Republican majority of the Chamber, of the Senate and of the Ministry after the election of the Senate of January 5th, President MacMahon abandoned his post before the end of his septennate because of his refusal of removing the conservative generals of the Army to which he remained attached emotionally to the last (cf. Seignobos, 1921c, p. 51-51).

President Grévy: « On the 28th of January, 1879, MacMahon, finding himself unable to agree with his ministers and hopeless of forming a new ministry conformable to his views, resigned and in his last acts conducted himself with such dignity as to wring even from Zevort this commendation: " From the beginning of the governmental crisis the marshal had conducted himself as a man of honour, and preserved an attitude the most correct and most deserving of respect, and employed the simplest and most becoming language. From the moment that the politician had vanished, the honest man, the good citizen, the successful soldier had reappeared, and the lofty dignity of his retreat made men forget the errors for which he was only half responsible." What part Gambetta acted in the crisis of January, 1879, when MacMahon's ministry fell, it is difficult to decide. At the critical juncture he appears to have absented himself from Paris. He abstained from speaking in the debate on the policy of the ministry, neither did he vote in the final division. There is every reason to believe that, had he willed, he might have contested the presidency of the republic successfully. But he waived his claims in favour of Jules Grévy, who was elected president on the 30th of January, 1879, by 536 votes against 99 for General Chanzy, Gambetta becoming president of the chamber and Waddington the prime minister.» (HH, XIII, p.192).

Amnesty of the Communards: A partial amnesty in April 1879 and a general one in July 1879 (cf. Seignobos, 1921c, p. 60; p.70).

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We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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