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§731 The age of re-innovation is at hand (the first year of the 20th century): I-16.

I-16 (§731):

Scythe to the pond joined toward Sagittarius
In its high APSIDE of the exaltation,
Plague, famine, death from military hand:
The age of renovation is at hand.

(Faulx a l'estang joinct vers le Sagitaire
En son hault A V G E de l'exaltation,
Peste, famine, mort de main militaire:
Le siecle approche de renovation.
)

NOTES: [This article supposes the preceding ones of mine: §8, §9, §10, §11, §12, §13, §14 and §15 of A l’Entrée des Prophéties, first published on line in 2009.]

AVGE: = APSIDE (apsis). « auge, s.f., syn. d’apside (synonym of apsis).»
(Godefroy); « AUGE, s. f. - Astron. Auges s’emploie quelquefois comme synonyme d’apsides (AUGE, Astronomy. Auges is used sometimes as synonym of apsides).» (Landais); « APSIDES, subst. mas. plur. t. d’astron., les deux points de l’orbite d’une planète dans lesquels elle se trouve à la plus grande ou à la plus petite distance du soleil ou de la terre. - Apsides exprime proprement les deux sommets d’une courbe (APSIDES, term of astronomy, the two points of the orbit of a planet where its distance from the Sun or the Earth is either the greatest or the smallest).» (Landais).

Hault AVGE: = high apsis = aphelion; « apsis, n. (pl. apsides pr. -dēz), aphelion or perihelion of planet, apogee or perigee of satellite.» (Sykes); « apsis - n. (pl. apsides) the extremities of the major axis of an elliptic orbit, generic term for apogee and perigee: the higher apsis aphelion (of a planet); apogee (of the Moon)/ the lower apsis perihelion (of a planet); perigee (of the Moon).» (Koine).

Son hault AVGE: = the aphelion of Saturn.

Thus the first hemistich seems to concern an astronomical event as the astronomical terms of Sagittarius and APSIS suggest it. And In this context, scythe (faulx) refers « to Saturn, who (in astrological symbolism) carries a scythe.  The implement is a throwback to the origins of this planetary god as an agricultural deity, and as a descendant of the Greek time-god, Chronos. (The scythe-bearing ‘Father Time’ of modern imagery is cognate with this Saturn.).» (Ovason, 1997, p.91).

Estang: The original meaning of this French word is « a pond », but it has no astronomical connotation. If it has any meaning of the genre, it must be something of a planet because it is in conjunction with Saturn and what is in conjunction with a planet is itself another planet.  Here one can call for the so-called Latinism in Nostradamus, who sometimes seems to employ Latin words or etymologies in the guise of French usages. Then,
« a pond (estang = étang) » in Latin is stāgnum (Walde-Hofmann, s.v.), though the latter is not in fact the etymology of the former**, and « tin (étain) » in Latin is stagnum (Walde-Hofmann, s.v.), which is in fact the etymology of étain. Therefore,  estang = stāgnum as homograph of stagnum in Latin may suggest that the word estang (étang, pond) stands in reality for étain (tin) in the prophetic framework of Nostradamus. ** The etymology of étang is either a French verb étancher, to stop [the water current] (Bloch & Wartburg, s. v. ÉTANCHER) or a type of popular Latin stancum (thence the Low Latin verb stancare, Fr. étancher) (Scheler, p.65-66).

This procedure of interpretation, very reasonable in the field of studying Nostradamus because the Prophet has a mastery of mixed, multilingual, sometimes intelligently distorted  expressions
, does render useless the illegitimate effort of P. Brind'Amour who considers that all the editions are faulty and proposes his conjecture “estaing (étain)” in place of estang (Brind'Amour, 1996, p.69; 1993, p.212). But the word estaing does not exist in French.  However, the alternative way of thinking will have been able to admet the legitimate variant estain for estang because « in truth stancum should have been able to give estain as well as stagnum.» (Scheler, p.65-66). For « we see the [Latin] sound a replaced by ai in a large number of words where this vowel is followed by a complex of consonants whose first element is a simple or nasal guttural (g, c, ng, nc). Exemples: Pax = pacs) paix, tractus trait, sanctus saint, ...» (id., p.62-63). If stancum did not give  in fact estain, « it is, in all probablility, to elude the homonymy.» (id., p.66).

Now, as traditional astrology admets the respective correspondence of seven planets to seven principal metals as follows: the Sun = gold, the Moon = silver, Mercury = mercury, Venus = copper, Mars = iron, Jupiter = tin, Saturn = lead (Brind'Amour, 1993, p.162), the phrase “ Scythe to the pond joined ” concerns without doubt the conjunction of Saturn (scythe) with Jupiter (pond), i.e. a grand conjunction (cf. Brind'Amour, 1993, p.199). In fact, the French verb joindre à (to join to) forms a construction as follows: « Joignez cette pièce au dossier (Join this piece to the file). Joindre le geste à la parole (Join the practice to the word).» (Petit Robert).  Then, the interpretation of étang (pond) as « the sign of Aquarius (le signe du Verseau » (Ionescu, 1976, p.799; 1987, p.511; Wöllner, 1926, p.44; Centurio, 1953, p.34; Leoni, 1982, p.137; Cheetham, 1981, p.28; Dufresne, 1989, p.103), as « the aquatic zodiacal sign, Pisces » (Ovason, 1997, p.91) or as « Scorpio » (Lamont, 1944, p.330; Hogue, 1997, p.80; Fontbrune, 1999, p.219) is not pertinent in principle.

And  the sign where this conjunction occurs is Capricorn because it is the exaltation of Saturn here. For the astrological term « exaltation » means «  the sign where a planet has the most virtue (le signe où une planète a le plus de vertu).» (Landais), and when it is in its exaltation, it is with dignity: « Dignity (Dignité), - In a term of astrology, situation of a planet in the sign where it has the most influence (En t. d’astrol., situation d’une planète dans le signe où elle a le plus d’influence).» (id.).  And as a traditonal rule Saturn has two exaltations, namely Capricorn and Aquarius (see below), of which the former well fits in with the context of the quatrain in question because it is where Saturn can take a certain move toward Sagittarius (vers le Sagitaire) in the narrowest sense of the term toward. Moreover, the move of Saturn in Capricorn toward Sagittarius must be, of course, its retrogradation, the latter preceding the former in the cycle of the zodiac.

The traditional doctrine of the exaltations of Seven Planets: « The thema mundi, the horoscope of the world, was very much more ancient than any of this. As it is presented in our late sources, it is strikingly consistent, which sauggests that it was long established and acepted. It is normally introduced to explain why Aries is regarded as the ‘beginning’ of the zodiac, although a circle has of course no beginning. So Macrobius (I-21, 23ff): ‘They say that when that day began which was the first of all and is therefore rightly called the world’s birthday, Aries was in the Midheaven; and because the Midheaven is as it were the vertex of the world, Aries was therefore held to be the first among them all, the one which appeared like the head of the world at the beginning of light. And they add the reason why theses twelve signs are assigned to the powers of different gods. For they say that in that same birth-chart of the world, Aries being as we have said in the Midheaven, the horoscopus of the world coming to birth was Cancer, bringing forth at that moment the Moon. The Sun was rising next with Leo, Virgo with Mercury, Libra with Venus, Mars was in Scorpio, Sagittarius had Jupiter and Saturn was wandering in Capricorn. So it came about that each was said to be the lord of that sign in which it was believed to be when the world was being born. To the two luminaries antiquity alloted only the signs, one to each, in which they had been then, Cancer to the Moon and Leo to the Sun. To the other five stars, however, besides those signs in which they then had been, ancient times so added the other five as to begin the new series at the end of the first. We said earlier that Saturn, last of all, was in Capricorn; so the second set of attributions made the previous last one first, and Aquarius, which follows Capricorn, was given to Saturn. To Jupiter, who preceded Saturn, Pisces was allocated’, and so on, thus explaining the ‘planetary houses’. All of which is found in other authorities; ... » (Tester, 1987, p.119-120).

At last, it is clear that in order to identify the date of the astronomical event predicted in this quatrain during the period of 1555 to 2000, the span which we suppose to be assigned by Nostradamus for the historical realization of his Prophecies, we should converge the following three conditions:

a) the conjunction of Saturn and Jupiter in Capricorn [
Scythe to the pond joined],

b) the retrogdadation of Saturn and Jupiter in Capricorn toward Sagittarius
[
toward Sagittarius] and

c) Saturn at its aphelion in Capricorn
[
Scythe at its high APSIDE of the exaltation].

Among these three, the most pertinent shall be the condition c), for the chronological change of the aphelion of Saturn is very slow, but with rapid and unexpected perturbations, which may allow us the chance of dating this event with more precision and facility during the period  relatively long.

a) The exact conjunctions [the congruence of their longitudes] of Saturn and Jupiter in Capricorn during the years 1555-2000.

During the period from 1555 to 2000 A.D., there are 23 exact conjunctions of Saturn and Jupiter, the so-called grand conjunctions as follows. N.B. These astronomic calculations have been done by means of the softwares: AstroArts Inc., StellaNavigator: Hyperreal astronomic simulation, ASCII Corp., Tokyo, 1993 and Tomas Kubec – OrionSoft, StarFisher, free astrology software, 2006-2011 (http://www.starfisher.cz/starfisher/EN/download.htm ).

Table §731a: Exact conjunctions of Saturn with Jupiter.

Year

Month

Day

LMT at
Paris:
2º.4 E,
48º.9 N

Longitude
of
conjunction

1

1563

8

25

17:00

119º 10ʹ

2

1583

5

2

22:00

350º 10ʹ

3

1603

12

18

05:00

248º 18ʹ

4

1623

7

16

20:00

126º 35ʹ

5

1643

2

24

22:00

355º 06ʹ

6

1663

10

16

22:00

252º 57ʹ

7

1683

5

18

00:00

134º 29ʹ

8

1702

5

21

20:00

6º 36ʹ

9

1723

1

5

13:00

263º 18ʹ

10

1742

8

30

18:00

147º 08ʹ

11

1762

3

18

14:00

12º 20ʹ

12

1782

11

5

07:00

268º 06ʹ

13

1802

7

17

21:00

155º 07ʹ

14

1821

6

19

14:00

24º 38ʹ

15

1842

1

26

03:00

278º 53ʹ

16

1861

10

21

10:00

168º 21ʹ

17

1881

4

18

12:00

31º 35ʹ

18

1901

11

28

15:00

283º 59ʹ

19

1921

9

10

01:00

176º 34ʹ

20

1941

2

15

05:00

39º 07ʹ

21

1961

2

18

21:17

295º 11ʹ

22

1980

12

31

14:00

189º 29ʹ

23

2000

5

28

15:00

52º 43ʹ


Of these 23, only 3 (cells in gray) are found to be in Capricorn (the longitude of Capricorn is from 270º to 300º):
15. 26 January 1842 03:00, 278º 53ʹ;
№18. 28 November 1901 15:00, 283º 59ʹ;
№21. 18 February 1961 21:17, 295º 11ʹ.

But, these are all off the following three periods of common retrogradation of Saturn and Jupiter in Capricorn (see the table §731b below):
10 May 1842 18:10 – 9 September 1842 6:18,
1st May 1901 01:27 – 30 August 1901 22:59 and
12 August 1961 10:47 – 23 September 1961 15:37.

We then consider their conjunctions in a large sense, or loose conjunctions, namely conjunctions with indulgence (orbs of elongation) of ± 5°, i.e. 10° in sum (cf. Ishikawa, Genkou [
石川源晃], Introduction to astrology: Exercises, [実習占星学入門],  Hirakawashuppan [平河出版社], Tokyo, 1992. p.89).  

b) The common retrogradation of Saturn and Jupiter, in loose conjunction in Capricorn, toward Sagittarius during the period concerned.

Table §731b: Retrogradations of Saturn and Jupiter.

Year-Month
-Day

Longitude
of Saturn

Elong-
ation of
Saturn
from
Jupiter

Remarks

 

Hour: LMT
at Paris
(2.4º E,
48.9º N)

Longitude
of Jupiter

 

1842-1-26

278º 53ʹ

0º 00ʹ

Exact
conjunction
in progress

 

3:00

278º 53ʹ

 

1842-4-23

284º 25ʹ

7º 48ʹ

* Saturn
starting to
retrograde (*)

 

21:34

292° 13ʹ

 

1842-5-10

284º 12ʹ

8° 28ʹ

*# Jupiter starting to retrograde (#)

 

18:10

292° 40ʹ

 

1842-6-15

282º 27ʹ

8° 21ʹ

*#

 

0:00

290° 48ʹ

 

1842-7-20

279º 57ʹ

6° 37ʹ

*#

 

0:00

286° 34ʹ

 

1842-9-2

277º 54ʹ

5° 0

*#

 

13:10

282° 54ʹ

 

1842-9-9

277º 50ʹ

5° 0

*# Jupiter
finishing to
retrograde

 

6:18

282° 50ʹ

 

1842-9-12

277º 49ʹ

5º 02ʹ

* Saturn
finishing to
retrograde

 

6:08

282º 51ʹ

 

1901-4-26

286º 24ʹ

3º 23ʹ

* Saturn
starting to
retrograde

 

4:44

283º 01ʹ

 

1901-5-1

286º 22ʹ

3º 19ʹ

*# Jupiter
starting to
retrograde

 

1:27

283º 03ʹ

 

1901-6-1

285º 24ʹ

3º 49ʹ

*#

 

0:00

281º 35ʹ

 

1901-8-19

280º 20ʹ

6º 53ʹ

*#

 

2:00

273º 27ʹ

 

1901-8-30

279º 57ʹ

6º 44ʹ

*# Jupiter
finishing to
retrograde

 

22:59

273º 13ʹ

 

1901-9-7

279º 50ʹ

6º 32ʹ

*

 

0:00

273º 18ʹ

 

1901-9-14

279º 47ʹ

6º 13ʹ

* Saturn
finishing to
retrograde

 

14:19

273º 34ʹ

 

1901-11-28

283º 59ʹ

0º 00ʹ

Exact
conjunction
in progress

 

15:00

283º 59ʹ

 

1961-1-5

290º 05ʹ

5º 00ʹ

 

5:42

285º 05ʹ

 

1961-2-18

295º 11ʹ

0º 00ʹ

Exact
conjunction
in progress

 

21:17

295º 11ʹ

 

1961-3-15

297º 28ʹ

2º 32ʹ

Jupiter leaving
Capricorn
into Aquarius

 

7:04

300º 00ʹ

 

1961-5-9

299º 51ʹ

n/a

* Saturn
starting to
retrograde

 

16:31

306º 45ʹ

 

1961-5-25

299º 39ʹ

n/a

* Jupiter
starting to
retrograde

 

18:45

307º 09ʹ

 

1961-8-12

294º 51ʹ

5º 09ʹ

*# Jupiter
back into
Capricorn

 

10:47

300º 00ʹ

 

1961-9-23

293º 15ʹ

4º 04ʹ

*# Jupiter
finishing to
retrograde

 

15:37

297º 19ʹ

 

1961-9-27

293º 14ʹ

4º 07ʹ

* Saturn
finishing to
retrograde

 

19:41

297º 21ʹ

 


It is evident through this table
§731b that Saturn and Jupiter in loose conjunction (the elongations of Saturn from Jupiter under 10°) in Capricorn retrograde together during the following periods (cells in dark gray of the table §731b):
10 May 1842 18:10 – 9 September 1842 6:18,
1st May 1901 01:27 – 30 August 1901 22:59 and
12 August 1961 10:47 – 23 September 1961 15:37.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2017. All rights reserved. 
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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