§739 Montenegro, Dalmatia, Turkey, Italy and USA in the Great War (1914-1918): IX-60.

IX-60 (§739):

Barbarous conflicts in the black Corner,
Blood shed, Dalmatia shall tremble,
Great Ismael shall construct his promontory,
Tuscany shall tremble, succour Lusitania.

(Conflict Barbar en la Cornere noire,
Sang espandu trembler la d’Almatie,
Grand Ismaël mettra son promontoire,
Ranes trembler secours Lusitanie.

NOTES: Barbar: an apocope of Barbare (cf. §135, IX-42: Barbare, Barbar; §196, X-38: [le] saint barbar). The form with majuscule initial Barbar employed here as an adjective suggests moreover Ba- of [the] Balkans, the main theatre of the events predicted.

Cornere: = « corneüre, s.f., son du cor (sound of a horn); pointe de la salle (corner of the room); T. mil., angle, corne (military term, point, angle).» (Godefroy). Cf. « corniere, s.f., corne (horn), coin (corner), angle (angle). » (Godefroy).

La Cornere noire: The black Corner = « Montenegro » (Centurio, 1953, p.203).

Centurio (id.) gives us a suggestive reading of the quatrain: « (June 1914) A conflict with Germany occurs in the black Corner (Montenegro), Blood shall be shed and Dalmatia shall tremble: The great Arab shall construct his promontory, the people upon the Arno shall be in anxiety, helps coming over Portugal. Nicholas, Archduke of Montenegro, father-in-law of Europe, played a role not to be underestimated in the arising conflict in June 1914. Furious battles were given in Dalmatia against the Lovzen, the mountain-gates of Montenegro. At the same time, the great Arab fortified the Dardanelles; the inhabitants upon the Arno were imperiled. Helps came over Portugal, for there were landed during the wartime of 1917-1918 American rescue troops and war materials.».

Barbarous conflicts in the black Corner, Blood shed, Dalmatia shall tremble: Each of the placenames of Montenegro and Dalmatia in the Great War has a double meaning in this quatrain: that of an expected booty of a belligerent country and that of the group of belligerents it joined; in fact Lovzen (Lovcen, Lovtchen) in Montenegro was coveted beforehand by Austria in agreement with Germany (cf. Brentano, 1922, Nachwort) and Montenegro represents by metonymy the camp of Ententes. On the other hand, Dalmatia was one of the promised gains of Italy in agreement with Great Britain and France by her joining their camp (cf. Kitahara et al., 2008, p.473) and it symbolises metonymically its suzerain Austria-Hungary.

Barbarous conflicts in the black Corner: « Montenegro, The last ruler, Nicholas I (Prince, 1860-1910: King, 1910-18) modernized his state... He considerably extended his territories by judicious intervention in the Balkan Wars. He went to war in 1914 in support of Serbia and, when his Kingdom was overrun at the end of 1915, he escaped to France (where he died in 1921). The Allies believed that Nicholas had not resisted the Austrians as energetically as he might, and when in 1918 a packed assembly at Podgorica deposed the dynasty and voted for union with Serbia, the Allies, with many qualms, accepted the decision.» (Palmer, p.188-189); « In January 1916, warships of the Allies landed on Corfu some detachments who prepared for the arrival of the debris of Serbian army, taking refuge most deplorably on the Albanian coasts after horrible trials. It was on the eve of German rush for Verdun [21 Feb. – 26 Nov. 1916]. The King Nicolas of Montenegro delivered Lovtchen, reputed impregnable, to the Austrian troops, who entered Cetinje. A few days later, on January 18th, William II saw at Nish Tsar Ferdinand [I of Bulgaria], and celebrated with him the crush of Serbia, on the anniversary of the foundation of the Kingdom of Prussia.» (Gauvain et al., 1922, p.378-379).

Blood shed, Dalmatia shall tremble
: = Central Powers’ defeat in the Balkan: « The remains of the Serbian army, evacuated to Salonika via Albania and Corfu, was re-equipped as a fighting force. While the British General Staff in London urged evacuation, the Allies remained for wider political and strategic reasons. The Salonika front was therefore consolidated, vast camps were laid out, and Italian and Russian contingents joined the Serbs, French and British forces. By the spring of 1917 Sarrail’s fighting force comprised twenty-four divisions (seven British, seven Serbian, six French, three Greek, one Italian) plus a Russian contingent of two brigades. An offensive was launched towards the end of April. It failed because of the strength of the Bulgarian mountain positions, the Allies’ lack of enthusiasm for Balkan operations, and the fact that Sarrail’s abrasive personality contributed to poor cooperation between the Allies. Operations were accordingly ended on 21 May. The Allied contingent in the theatre amounted to some 500,000 men, and the international force did little except sit tight and become vivtim to the malaria endemic to the region. The Germans, watching with some amusement, called Salonika their largest internment camp, while the Allies spoke of ‘the gardeners of Salonika’. In 1918, Franchet d’Esperey replaced Sarrail, and commanded an Allied force of twenty-six divisions (nine Greek, six French, six Serb, four British one Italian). He concentrated a Franco-Serbian force under Serbian command for an offensive starting on 15 September west of the Vardar, where the mountains were strong but the Bulgarian defences weak. The Serbs broke through in two days and advanced twenty miles through the mountains, creating the gap twenty-five miles wide in the Bulgarian line. Further east, a British attack on the Doiran front on the eighteenth failed to break through but pinned down the Bulgarian forces facing them while the Serbs and French continued their advance towards Uskub [Skopje], collapsing the Bulgarian front. This pressure on the front east of the Vardar now forced a Bulgarian retreat that turned into a rout when British aircraft bombed the Kosturino Pass. With their demoralized army now split into two, and realizing that Germany was heading for defeat on the Western Front, the Bulgarians asked for an armistice. On 29 September this was signed. The Allies, led fittingly enough by Serbia, had knocked away the first prop of the Central Powers, opening the way through Bulgaria for an Allied offensive against Austria. Desperate Frankie [Franchet d’Esperey] had knocked out Foxy Ferdie [Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria], and his army continued to move, and occupy, the Balkans. By the end of the war his forces were advancing deep into Hungarian territory.» (Chasseaud, 2013, p.85-90).

Ismael: = The Arab = the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). « ISMAËL. ... The tradition in the oracle of Gn 16,12 represents him as the eponymous ancestor of the Israëlites and, as this title, as the ancestor of the Arabs.»(Monloubou)

Promontory (promontoire): This term in the Prophecies of Nostradamus is a metaphor for 1° an advance army or its camp (I-77,VI-79, IX-60); 2° a second maritime residence (VIII-85).

Great Ismael shall construct his promontory: « Churchill’s plan at first envisaged only a naval operation, using minesweepers and old battleships to force a passage through the minefields and shore batteries of the entrance to the Dardanelles and the Narrows into the Sea of Marmara, from where the British and French fleet would continue eastward to the Bosphorus and Constantinople. However, the Turks [Great Ismael] and their German military advisers had been thoroughly forewarned. Churchill had ordered a British naval bombardment of the forts at Cape Helles and Kum Kale, at the entrance to the Dardanelles on 3 November 1914. There was a further bombardment from 19 February to mid-March 1915 and there were landings of naval and marine demolition parties. On 18 March a big attempt was made to push through. Three battleships struck mines, and the fleet, under the British Admiral de Robeck, turned back. The Turks had, advised by the German military mission, fortified the peninsula during the Italo-Turkish War and the Balkan Wars, and again following the naval bombardment of 3 November 1914. The delays in mounting this operation gave the Turks time to strengthen their defences even further to cover the possible landing places, digging trenches and constructing strong-points, wiring them, and siting machine guns and artillery for maximum effect [Great Ismael shall construct his promontory].» (Chasseaud, 2013, p.72-73); « Allied Forces landed at Gallipoli on 25 April [1915], including a large contingent of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps [ANZAC]. Faced with tough Turkish resistance on difficult terrain, they failed to break out of their landing zones. Renewed landings at Suvla Bay in August achieved no greater success. Trench warfare, similar to that in France but with conditions exacerbated by heat and disease, quickly developed. By the time the operation was abandoned in January 1916, the Allied forces had suffered almost a quarter of a million casualties. Success at Gallipoli was a boost to Turkish morale, which was much needed after the Turkish Third Army had been virtually destroyed fighting the Russians in the Caucasus earlier in the year.» (DKHistory, p.343).

Rane: From the Latin « rāna, -ae, f.: 1° grenouille (frog); 2° baudroie (anglerfish).»
(Ernout & Meillet). The appellation of RANE is employed thrice in the Prophecies of Nostradamus (§331, V-3; §530, VI-46 and §739, IX-60) with the same meaning of Tuscany, the Fables III, 7 and VI, 3 of Metamorphoses of Ovid telling the story of the origin of this eccentric nomination (cf. §530, VI-46). Tuscauny in this quatrain represents Italy by metonymy.

Tuscany shall tremble: « The Italian Front was stabilized along the River Isonzo for two and a half years before the Italians were forced back from Caporetto to the River Piave in October 1917, avenging their defeat by the victory of Vittorio Veneto a year later.» (Palmer, p.306).

Lusitania: « At sea, Germany responded to an ongoing blockade of its ports by the British Royal Navy by attempting to impose its own blockade on Britain through the use of submarines. From February [1915] German U-Boats were authorized to attack merchant shipping in British home waters without warning. On 7 May, the Cunard liner Lusitania, bound from New York to Liverpool with almost 2,000 passengers and crew on board, was torpedoed off southern Ireland by the submarine U-20. More than 1,200 people were drowned, including 128 Americans citizens. The attack provoked anti-German riots in British cities and a hostile response in the US. After the sinking of another passenger liner, Arabic, off Iceland on 19 August, the Germans felt obliged to curtail U-boat attacks in the Atlantic to avoid provoking the US into entering the war.» (
DKHistory, p.342-343).

Succour Lusitania
: = Lusitania being the succour to the Allies, namely « the sinking of the cruise liner Lusitania in 1915 caused outrage, contributing to the USA joining in the War against Germany.» (Parker, 2010, p.318); « The USA enters the War 1917-1918 It was German action that finally broke the 1917 stalemate. In February, Germany announced it was resuming unrestricted attacks on foreign shipping. The threat to US trade interests was clear, and was compounded by a telegram written by the German foreign minister encouraging Mexico to attack the USA. President Woodrow Wilson’s attempts to maintain neutrality in the conflict, and to act as an honest broker for peace, were over, and in April the USA declared war on Germany. However, it was not until June that the first US troops arrived in France, under the command of General John Pershing, and they were posted to the trenches only in October. The initial inexperience of the Americans, and the fact that Pershing at first failed to have his troops operate independently of their allies, meant that for a while their impact was limited. Yet the German High Command was well aware that each increase in the numbers of US soldiers fighting with the Allies – which reached four complete divisions by 1918 – lessened the chance of a German victory.» (Parker, id., p.320). « The End of the War 1918 In March 1918, Germany signed a peace treaty at Brest-Litovsk with the new Bolchevik government of Russia. This freed up some 44 German divisions, which were now shifted to the Western Front. The German Chief of Staff, Erich Ludendorff, argued that these divisions should be used for a massive all-or-nothing assault. On 21 March, the Germans launched Operation Michael, the first element in their “Spring Offensive”. They won 70km (45 miles) of ground, but their largest gains were against the least resistance. As Allied resistance stiffened, Germany’s initial momentum stalled. Ludendorff ordered further small attacks between April and July, but by then, with the US presence growing at 250,000 men a month [Succour], it was clear that his gamble had failed... Finally, the Germans signed an armistice on 11 November, bringing World War I to an end.» (id., p.321).

Concerning the last verse: succour Lusitania, Centurio says that « Helps came over Portugal, for there were landed during the wartime of 1917-1918 American rescue troops and war materials.» (Centurio, 1953, p.203). Alhough the term Lusitania may also mean Portugal, this country in the Great War was never a front nor a supply base for the Allies except for some expeditionary divisions of her own sent to the Allied Western Front. The American troops were posted to the Western Front not via Portugal, far from the Front and walled by Spanish territories in neutrality, but via French Atlantic ports, nearer to the Front with direct access there by train.

« On Monday, May 28, 1917, a gloomy foggy day, General Pershing and his staff boarded a launch at Governor’s Island in New York harbor and made the rough, choppy trip to the White Star liner Baltic out in the channel... As they steamed into the danger zone, all took increased interest in the regular boat drills. Within the next year and a half, two million American soldiers would undergo the same tension, followed by enthusiasm and relief when the escorting destroyers came into sight for the last leg of the journey. At nine-thirty on the morning of June 8, the local dignitaries and an honor guard, complete with the regimental mascot, a formidable-looking goat, of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers turned out to welcome Pershing to Liverpool. After the ceremonies, the Americans went by train to London, where they spent hectic four days... Early in the morning of June 13, Pershing and his officers left the Savoy Hotel for the last lap of their trip to France. A few hours later they landed in Boulogne. Again there were ceremonies, followed by a train trip to Paris. That afternoon was the climax. Parisians thronged the streets shouting “Vive l’Amerique,” pelted the completely surprised Americans with flowers, and surged toward them to shake or just touch hands.» (Coffman, 1968, p.122-123).

« Throughout December [1917] and January [1918] in frequent conferences, British civilian as well as military leaders tried to obtain Pershing’s assent to amalgamation. The French also tried to obtain American units to reinforce their weakened divisions... » (id., p.169); « In the late afternoon of June 1, Pershing, who was not feeling very well, conferred with Foch [the French Chief of Staff] and Lord Milner [the British War Minister]. He summarized the conversation in his diary: “He [Foch] wanted all the transports used for bringing over infantry and machine gun units. I pointed out that our program has been seriously interrupted by the concessions already made to this idea; that the French railroads are on the point of breaking down for the lack of skilled workmen to repair their rolling stock, that the ports are going to become congested because of breakdown of the railroad service and that there are not sufficient men now in France to unload the boats; that we are pushing the shipbuilding, but that it is useless to do this unless we take steps to be ready to unload the ships. Along this line of argument, I pointed out that this could be a short-sighted policy which would lead us to a very complicated situation.”» (id., p.176-177).

« The first problem was to determine in round number how many men were involved. Unless the planners on both sides of the Atlantic used the same figure, they could not possibly hope to get together on the many details of supply schedules. Although Pershing did not give a specific figure in his request, he evidently thought in terms of “at least 5,000,000 men.” On the other hand, Clemenceau believed that he was asking for an AEF of 4,160,000 soldiers... The Secretary of War, on July 8, explained:

all the ports in France, and all the berthing space there, if devoted to the exclusive use of America, would not, on present calculations, be adequate for the 100-Division program...

Although Wilson approved the 80-division program, he did so, perhaps, with reluctance in view of its large logistical demands... Despite Pershing’s urgent reassurances, however, there was also the question of the ability of the AEF as well as the capacity of the French ports and railroads to handle the logistical burden.» (id., p.179-181).

« With the help of the British, whose ships carried to France 49 per cent of the AEF, the War Department sent across the Atlantic more men in the last eight and a half months of the war than there were in the entire army at home and abroad on April I, 1918... The end was in sight, since the United States already had that many divisions in France or en route. But, in the first week of October, when the difficult situation in the Argonne was a burden, Pershing wanted as many men as possible to ensure victory.» (id., p.182-183).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 

Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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