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§745 Confrontation of the two big camps; German retreat (1914-1918): VI-7.

VI-7 (§745):

Montenegro and Dacia and the British Isle,
By the united brothers shall be vexed:
The Roman chief issuing from the Gallic blood,
And the troops in the forests shall be repelled.

(Norneigre & Dace, & l'isle Britannique,
Par les unis freres seront vexes:
Le chef Romain issu de sang Gallique
Et les copies aux forestz repoulssees.)

NOTES: Montenegro and Dacia and the British Isle By the united brothers shall be vexed: « In the First World War (1914-1918) Montenegro, Rumania and England shall be attacked by Germany and Austria, the united brothers of kindred.» (Centurio, 1953, p.131-132).

Norneigre: = Montenegro, Nor hinting through its on the on of Monte-. Ionescu’s interpretation of the term as Noricum (Ionescu, 1976, p.386) is not pertinent, because Noricum in the Roman Empire mainly refers to the area occupied today by Austria, one of the antagonists to Montenegro in the First World War.

Montenegro By the united brothers shall be vexed: « Montenegro, The last ruler, Nicholas I (Prince, 1860-1910: King, 1910-18) modernized his state... He considerably extended his territories by judicious intervention in the Balkan Wars. He went to war in 1914 in support of Serbia and, when his Kingdom was overrun at the end of 1915, he escaped to France (where he died in 1921). The Allies believed that Nicholas had not resisted the Austrians as energetically as he might, and when in 1918 a packed assembly at Podgorica deposed the dynasty and voted for union with Serbia, the Allies, with many qualms, accepted the decision.» (Palmer, p.188-189); « In January 1916, warships of the Allies landed on Corfu some detachments who prepared for the arrival of the debris of Serbian army, taking refuge most deplorably on the Albanian coasts after horrible trials. It was on the eve of German rush for Verdun [21 Feb. – 26 Nov. 1916]. The King Nicolas of Montenegro delivered Lovtchen, reputed impregnable, to the Austrian troops, who entered Cetinje. A few days later, on January 18th, William II saw at Nish Tsar Ferdinand [I of Bulgaria], and celebrated with him the crush of Serbia, on the anniversary of the foundation of the Kingdom of Prussia.» (Gauvain et al., 1922, p.378-379).

Dacia By the united brothers shall be vexed:
« At the end of August [1916], Russian forces advanced in the Carpathians, to the north and south of the Jablonica Pass, and captured the important height of Ploska. Between June and August, Lechitsky’s army in the Bukovina captured over 100, 000 prisoners and nearly 600 guns. Meanwhile, on 27 August, Rumania, encouraged by the Russian successes, declared war, with her twenty-seven divisions, on Austria-Hungary.On 17 August, Rumania had agreed with France and Russia that she would enter the war in return for land. The Central Powers’s territories she coveted, and was granted in this venal transaction, were Transylvania, the Bukovina, and part of southern Galicia and southwest [sic] Hungary. She was relying on the Russian offensive, and in particular that towards Kowel in the southern Pripet marshes, to keep German reserves away from the Southeast theatre, and was strangely dismissive of the possibility of having to make war against Bulgaria and Turkey. The latter, in fact, shipped two divisions to the Rumanian front. The Russians gave Rumania little help, being already heavily engaged themselves, and Alekseyev considered Rumania an unwelcome burden. Neither did the British and French at Salonika come to her immediate assistance, as the Bulgarians, Germans and Turks attacked in Macedonia on 17 August, defeating the reconstituted Serbian army at Florina, and delayed the planned attack by the Bristish and French until September, by which time it was too late... Rumania’s accession to the Allies came too late to affect the situation, and merely invited an Austro-German counter-offensive. Indeed, the Germans were now counter-attacking remorselessly. At Tarnopol in July they launched a savage thrust, heralded by one of Bruchmüller’s brief but crushing bombardments, and soon Austro-German counter-attacks were hammering away along the line. Though the Russians had initially achieved a great tactical victory, in four months suffered nearly a million casualties. The offensive had also greatly sapped the power of the Central Powers and Austria-Hungary was a spent force. German resources were, however, still sufficient to counter-attack the Russians and support the Bulgarians and Austria-Hungary against Rumania.» (Chasseaud, 2013, p.159-161).

The British Isle By the united brothers shall be vexed:
« The war at sea. The completion of the Kiel Canal [opened June 20th, 1895], connecting the Baltic with the North Sea, has been seen by some as a signal that Germany was now ready, after many years of fleet-building, and the years of the ‘naval race’, to challenge British naval supremacy. The critical factor was control of the North Sea, on the far side of which lay Germany, and the waters surrounding the British Isles, including the English Channel and, especially, the Western Approaches to British ports. Blockade and counter-blockade, whether by surface vessels or submarines, mostly occurred in these zones. While a decisive fleet action between Britain and Germany might affected the course of war, the success or failure of either side’s blockade would have a more certain effect...» (Chasseaud, id., p.188); « At the end of May [1916], the German High Seas Fleet and the Royal Navy’s Grand Fleet met in the Battle of Jutland in the North Sea. The British spotted a sortie by the German fleet and sent a far superior naval force to attack it. German Admiral Reinhard Scheer (1863-1928) was caught by surprise, but British Admiral John Jellicoe (1859-1935) failed to profit from the advantage. The German warships were able to make a fighting withdrawal to port, while inflicting heavier losses than they suffered. Despite a disappointing performance, the Royal Navy had confirmed its superiority – it was the German fleet that had retreated.» (DKHistory, p.346); « Churchill said of Admiral Jellicoe that he was the only man on either side who could lose the war in an afternoon.» (Chasseaud, id., p.188); « On 1 July [1916], General Douglas Haig launched a massive offensive at the Somme. Rather than destroy enemy defences, the eight-day artillery bombardment had alerted the Germans to an imminent attack. British troops marched forward in lines, because the generals believed their conscripted troops were incapable of executing more intelligent tactics, and were mown down by German machine guns. Almost 20,000 men were killed, the heaviest losses ever experienced by the British army in a single day’s fighting. Haig kept the men fighting for five months, introducing tanks as soon as this new weapon was available, and allowing his subordinates to experiment with varied tactics including night attacks. But there was no breakthrough, and the only result was attrition – a gradual wearing down of the armies.» (DKHistory, p.346-347);.

The Roman chief issuing from the Gallic blood
: The King of Italy in the First World War, Victor Emmanuel III (1900-1946) was of the House of Savoy, whose founder was Humbert the Whitehanded, a son of Amadeus, the great-grandson of Boson of Provence [Gallic] proclaimed King of Provence in 879 (cf. HH, IX, p.502; VII, p.585; Mirot, 1980, p.86-87). This third line, seeming to be in a syntactical isolation in the quatrain, belongs probably to the group of « Montenegro and Dacia and the British Isle », for Italy stands on the side of the Allies notwithstanding her formal alliance with the Central Powers; The Italian Front in the Great War: « The Italian front, while the British and French may have considered it a sideshow, was the main scene of action for Italy and a significant one for the overstretched Austro-Hungarian Empire. It saw four years of heavy fighting, with consequent hecatombs of casualties. Its origin lay in the ancient enmity between Italians and the Austrians, and it is easy to forget how recently large parts of the Italian peninsula lay under Austrian rule. Nineteenth-century nationalism and the Risorgimento were a relatively recent memory, and Italian nationalists were keen to relieve Austria of more territory that they considered their own.» (Chasseaud, 2013, p.58). Cf. I-55 (§740): Under the clime opposite to that of Babylonia Great shall be the effusion of blood.

And
: This coordinate conjunction in this place expresses the “correlation of opposition” (cf. Koine, s.v. and), so « the troops repelled » refer to the Germans or the Austrians who were offensive earlier.

And the troops in the forests shall be repelled
: The key to the interpretation of this line lies in the expression « the forests », which, interpreted with some formality but without circumspection by Ionescu as Black Forest (der Schwarzwalt, la Forêt Noire) symbolizing Germany (Ionescu, 1976, p.386), probably refers in its plural form not to Black Forest outside the real area of fightingt but to the real wooded battle fields, such as the forests of Argonne, Dieulet and Mormal, where the Germans were repulsed by the Allies at the last stage of the War; « In the difficult Argonne Forest terrain of tangled woods, gullies and ridges, it was almost impossible for tanks to operate, and the Americans found themselves engaging in a bloody slog through a succession of strongly held German positions. By 1 October [1918] the French and Americans had advanced some ten miles and taken 18,000 prisoners, and in a few more miles came up against the strong defensive position of the Kriemhild Line [cf. Coffman, 1968, p.302, Chart: The Meuse-Argonne Offensive]. While their advance was painfully slow, they were at least holding down thirty-six German divisions.» (Chasseaud, 2013, p.269-271).

« On October 10, the Argonne Forest was in possession of the Americans. The flank attack of the 82nd, together with advances by the 77th and 28th Divisions, cleared this area which dominated the left of the Meuse-Argonne sector since the beginning of the offensive. Yet, Liggett was not satisfied. His plan had worked, but the thought of what might have been the result if Lindsey had been able to get his full brigade of the 82nd into action on the seventh galled him. Possibly, they could have captured the bulk of the German force in the forest, and they might have prevented the enemy from establishing a strong position at Grandpré and the Bois des Loges, north of the Argonne... “However the difficulties were great,” Liggett wrote Drum in 1927, “& the Div comparatively green & I think they did well under all the circumstances.” In his conception of this daring maneuver, Liggett demonstrated his flair for tactics. He showed his understanding of men and war in his acceptance of the results. An attempt to seize the heights east of the Meuse was not as successful as Liggett’s maneuver to drive the Germans from the Argonne...» (Coffman, 1968, p.325);

« On [November] 3rd, the two armies Gouraud and Liggett, outstripping the Argonne to the north and since well linked, advanced on a large front, in gaining a thrust of 5 to 10 km. On 4th, all the American line moved forward, in carrying the forest of Dieulet, while the right corps of Gouraud’s army passed the Canal of Ardennes; its left corps did not succeed in jumping over it. In 4 days, Gouraud’s army has advanced by 20 km toward Sedan. The second position of German withdrawal was all over. » (Gauvain et al., 1922, p.329);

« Valenciennes having been taken and surpassed, the battle was engaged on [November] 4th between the Escault to the north and the Sambre to the south. It was engaged on the left wing by the right of the 1st army (22nd corps and Canadian corps), and further to the south by the 3rd army (6th and 18th corps on the left, 4th on the center, 14th corps on the right). The 4th corps took le Quesnoy, and the 14th traversed the forest of Mormal, outflanking Landrecies to the north. On 5th in the morning, the victorious British took 20,000 prisoners and 450 canons. The Sambre was jumped over from Landrecies to Oisy, and the German armies began a large movement of retreat.» (id., p.328; cf. id., p.319, Chart: The Victory).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 
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Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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