§784 From Valencia to Barcelona; The end of the Republic (1931-1939): X-14.

X-14 (§784):

A small voting-Urn, Valencia without its own design,
Being bold timid by fear taken vanquished,
Accompanied by several blond villains,
At Barcelona determined to be prisoners.

(Urnel Vaucile sans conseil de soy mesmes
Hardit timide par crainte prins vaincu,
Acompaigné de plusieurs putains blesmes
A Barcellonne aux chartreux convaincu.)

NOTES: The first hemistich of this quatrain seems to be composed of the first and third lines: A small voting-Urn, Valencia without its own design, Accompanied by several blond villains, and the second of the second and fourth: Being bold timid by fear taken vanquished, At Barcelona determined to be prisoners.

Urnel (A small voting-Urn): From the Latin « urnula, petite urne (a small urn).» (Nimmo) (cf. Ionescu, 1976, p.458); « urna, a water-pot, water-jar; a voting-urn.» (Smith-Lockwood) (cf. Ionescu, id.).

Urnel: = « la République (the Republic).»
(Fontbrune, 1939, p.164)

: = « VANCILE: anagramme de VALENCI (an anagram of VALENCI.» (Fontbrune, id.).

Urnel Vaucile: = « La république de Valence (The republic of Valencia).»
(Fontbrune, id.); « Thus Nostradamus suggests a Republic that did not last long, and in fact, this Republic lasted only eight years in Spain... Valencia, the city where the Republican Government settled on November 7, 1936. It retired to Barcelona on October 31, 1937, and there remained until January 26, 1939, when it finished with capitulation.» (Ionescu, id.).

Conseil: = « Vx. Résolution mûrement pesée; Les principes qui dirigent une personne (Arch.
A maturely weighed resolution; The principles that direct a person).» (Petit Robert).

A small voting-Urn, Valencia without its own design: « The thirteen points in outline of May, 1938, by the premier of the Republic Negrín made clear her end of war in proposing the withdrawal of foreign troops, the decision of regime by referendum, the guarantee of the freedom of religion, agrarian reforms, etc., tried to elicit a change of policy toward Spain from Great Britain and France in insisting upon her moderate policies, and offered to Franco the conditions of peace. But neither Great Britain and France nor Franco did respond to his propositions, and his clear definition of the end of war could not strengthen the Republican unity. Rather, the manoeuvres of Negrín through his strong leadership aroused repulsive reaction from his parties. In the middle of August the Leftist Catalonian Republicanism and the Vasco-Nationalist Party quitted the cabinet and the relation of the Central Government with the Catalonian Autonomous Government deteriorated.» (Tateishi, 2000, p.304-305); « Reasons for the nationalist victory were that Franco was extremely skilful in holding together the various right-wing groups (army, church, monarchists and Falangists); the republicans were much less united (anarchists and communists actually fought each other for a time in Barcelona).» (Lowe, 1988, p.175).

Putain: = « (adj.) Mauvais. – En putains jours... (Bad, evil. – In bad days...).» (Huguet). The term in this quatrain is used as the substantive (a villain)

Blesme: = « Blond. – et la frizure blonde De ses cheveux... (Blond. – and the golden curls Of his hairs... ) D
U BELLAY, 4e Liv. de l’Eneide (M.-L., I, 367.)» (Huguet).

Plusieurs putains blesmes (Several blond villains): = Several Russian agents of Stalin in Spain, the majority of the Russians being blond; « It was one of Spain’s many misfortunes at this time that her Civil War coincided with the climax of Stalin’s great terror. Many of the Barcelona murders had little to do with Spain’s internal politics but were, rather, the backlash of events in Moscow and Leningrad. Thus Robles was executed because, as interpreter of General Jan Antonovich Berzin, head of the Russian military mission to Spain, he knew too much about Berzin’s recall and liquidation as part of Stalin’s purge of the army. Stalin was having his leading agents killed all over the world in 1937-8. And, as in Russia, virtually all the creatures who helped him to take over the Left in Spain, and then to terrorize it, were murdered in turn. The head of the
NKVD’s foreign department was cornered in his own office in Paris in February 1938 and forced to take cyanide. Of those who organized arms supplies to Spain, Evhen Konovalek was killed in Rotterdam in May 1938, Rudolf Clement was found, a headless corpse, in the Seine, and Walter Krivitsky, boss of Soviet military intelligence in Western Europe, was chased for three years by Stalin’s hit-men until they got him in Washington on 10 February 1941. In addition to General Berzin, Stalin murdered Michael Koltzov, the famous Pravda Spanish correspondent, Arthur Stashevsky, head of the economic mission to Spain, and Antonov Ovseenko, Consul-General in Barcelona, who was told he was being recalled to Moscow to be made Minister of Justice, a joke characteristic of Stalin’s gallows-humour.» (Johnson, 1991, p.335).

Being bold timid by fear taken vanquished At Barcelona: « Toledo 20 July-27 September 1936. Following the Nationalist military rebellion, the Spanish Republican government sent a militia force of around 8,000 men to take the city of Toledo in July 1936. Around 1,000 Nationalist soldiers commanded by Colonel José Moscardó, the military governor of Toledo, defended the Alcázar against a Republican attack that lasted for around seventy days [Being bold]. The Nationalist resistance held out against heavy bombing and artillery fire until the Army of Africa, commanded by General Franco, arrived to provide relief and defeat the Republicans. Franco emerged as the principal leader of the Nationalists and was proclaimed Generalissimo.» (Grant, 2011, p.782).

« Teruel 15 December 1937-20 February 1938. Having discovered that Franco was planning another major offensive on Madrid, the Republicans decided to launch a preemptive attack on the Aragon front in Teruel. The offensive – mounted in extreme weather conditions – took the Nationalist forces, commanded by Colonel Rey d’Harcourt, by surprise. German and Italian aircraft were grounded by ice, and Nationalist reinforcements were prevented from quickly reaching Teruel. Consequently, as at Brunete [6-26 July 1937] and Belchite [24 August-7 September 1937], the Republicans were initially successful and took the town... Following some of the war’s fiercest fighting, the Republicans were forced to retreat [Being bold timid].» (Grant, id., p.795).

« Cape Palos 5-6 March 1938 On 5 March 1938 a strong force of three Nationalist cruisers supported by destroyers and minelayers put to sea to escort an inbound convoy. At 1:00
AM on 6 March the Nationalist ships steamed headlong into Vice-Admiral Ubieta’s Republican force of cruisers, destroyers, and Soviet-supplied torpedo boats. Dodging a Republican torpedo attack, the Nationalist squadron tried to disengage, preferring to delay the action until daybreak, but Ubieta pursued and, at 2:15 AM, his ships opened fire off Cape Palos, near Cartagena. As the cruisers fought an inconclusive and inaccurate long-range gunnery duel, three Republican destroyers crept unobserved into torpedo range of them. Each ship fired a spread of four torpedoes [Being bold], at least two of which hit the Nationalist cruiser Baleares, flagship of Vice-Admiral Vierna, between her two forward turrets. The explosion detonated her forward magazines and wrecked the forepart of the ship, including her bridge, which disintegrated with the loss of all inside, including Vierna, but the Nationalist blockade remained intact.» (Grant, id., p.795).

« Ebro 24 July-16 November 1938. Having managed to defend Valencia against Nationalist attacks, the Republicans attempted to restore contact with Catalonia with an offensive over the Ebro River. The attack, led by communist General Juan Modesto, once again took the Nationalists by surprise, bringing the Republicans early success. Eighty thousand Republican soldiers crossed the river in boats and attacked General Juan Yagüe’s Nationalist troops, inflicting substantial damage [Being bold]. Upon reaching the town of Gandesa, however, the Republicans met fierce resistance. The rocky terrain offered little cover for the fighters, and German and Italian planes were easily able to target Republican positions [Being timid by fear taken]. Determined to annihilate the Republicans, General Franco ordered large reinforcements to join the battle, which was to last for over three months. Ebro was the last major battle of the Spanish Civil War. Following the defeat, the Republicans continued to concede territory to the Nationalists until 1 April 1939, when General Franco declared the war over, signifying the end of the Spanish Republic [vanquished].» (Grant, id., p.797);

« After the destruction of the
POUM, Republican morale declined steadily. In these circumstances, Franco opted for a war of attrition throughout the appalling winter of 1937-8, and in April he cut Republican Spain in two. Thereafter it was really a matter of time only, with Franco taking no chances and insisting on overwhelming superiority. By the autumn Stalin had tired of the war, had extracted the last ounce of propaganda value out of it, had completed his purges and was already thinking of a new deal, either with the Western democracies or, more likely, with Hitler. He had also got all the Republic’s gold. So he cut off aid, and Franco was able to open his last Catalonian offensive, just before Christmas, confident that the end was near. Barcelona fell on 28 January 1939 [Being vanquished At Barcelona], and Madrid on 28 March. Franco had fought the war without passion, and when he heard it was over he did not even look up from his desk.» (Johnson, id., p.338).

Chartreux: « CHARTREUX, EUSE. Religieux de l’ordre de Saint-Bruno (A monk or a nun of the monastery of Saint-Bruno).» (Petit Robert). Upon this vocable of French dictionaries is modelled by Nostradamus the French word « les chartreux », semantically derived from « Chartre. Prison, cachot (A prison, dungeon).» (Huguet), with the meaning of « the prisoners ».

Convaincre: « Convaincre à: Décider à.» (Huguet); « Décider à means « to determine ».» (Dubois).

Aux chartreux convaincu[s]: [The defeated Republicans were] determined « to be prisoners.»: « Franco determined to end the destructive process of corruption by amputating the agonized limb of Spanish collectivism. His feelings towards the Left anticipated those of the wartime Allies towards Nazism: he got unconditional surrender first, then de-Communized, but in a manner closer to the drumhead purges of liberated France than the systematic trials in Germany. It was not a Lenin-style totalitarian massacre by classes: the Law of Political Responsibilities of 9 February 1939 dealt with responsibility for crimes on an individual basis (the only exception was Freemasons of the eighteenth degree or higher). Strictly speaking, there was no death penalty for political offences as such. But there was a great rage in the conquerors – the Interior Minister, Suñer, wanted revenge for his brothers who had been shot in Republican prisons, and he was typical of thousands – and it was not difficult to pin capital crimes on Republican officials of all degrees. Mussolini’s son-in-law Ciano reported from Spain in July: ‘Trials going on every day at a speed which I would call summary.... There are still a great number of shootings. In Madrid alone between 200 and 250 a day, in Barcelona 150, in Seville 80.’ Some tens of thousands thus died, but the figure of 193,000 sometimes given for the total is wrong, since many death-sentences passed by courts were commuted. Franco made it clear on 31 December 1939 that many long prison sentences (fifteen years was usual) would have to be served: ‘It is necessary to liquidate the hatred and passions left us by our past war. But this liquidation must not be accomplished in the liberal manner, with enormous and disastrous amnesties, which are a deception rather than a gesture of forgiveness. It must be Christian, achieved by means of redemption through work accompanied by repentance and penitence.’» (Johnson, id., p.339).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2018. All rights reserved. 


Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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