§664. Revolt of October in Greece (1862.10.23): IX-62.

IX-62 (§):

To the great of Keramon agora

Shall be the crossed by force all attached,

The pertinacious opium, and mandragora,

The revolt of October the third estate shall be released.   


(Au grand de Cheramon agora

Seront croisez par ranc tous attachez,

Le pertinax Oppi, & mandragora,

Raugon d'Octobre le tiers seront laschez.)  


Notes: Keramon agora: Κεραμών ἀγορά (Keramōn agora), Ceramœum forum, ville de Mysie (a city in Mysia, Asia Minor) (Pillon).


The great of Keramon agora: The sovereign that rules Asia Minor containing the city, i.e. the Ottoman sultan.


The crossed: The Christians in the Ottoman Empire.


Ranc: Violence, force (Violence, force) (Godefroy); 1° Rang (Rank), 2° Violence, force (Violence, force) (Daele).


Pertinax: = Pertinace, adj. opiniâtre, obstiné (Stubborn, obstinate) (Godefroy).


Oppi, & mandragora: Opium and mandrake.


The pertinacious opium, and mandragora: = [The crossed shall be attached to the sultan] also by the pertinacious opium, and mandragora: = [By force and also] by means of their way of living as Christians acknowledged and cherished for a long course of time in the Ottoman Empire.


Raugon: From Ῥωγή (Rōgē), déchirure, fente, crevasse (Tear, crack, crevasse) (Bailly). Cf. Vignois, 1910, p.266.


Le tiers: « a part of his subjects, or the people» (Vignois, id.).


The revolt of October the third estate shall be released: «On March 22nd, 1829, it was decided by the three powers [Russia, France and England] that Greece should form a hereditary monarchy; that it should reach to the bays of Ceuta and Vola on the north, but that it should be tributary to Turkey. On February 3rd, 1830, these measures were altered in order to make Greece wholly independent and free from tribute; its boundaries on the north were considerably limited, and Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg was named prince. But the prince, who saw that with such narrow boundaries he would have to begin his rule by recovering from the Porte by force of arms the remaining Greek provinces, declined the proffered crown. To whom was this more acceptable than to Capo d’Istria ? But his days were numbered. On October 9th, 1831, he was murdered on his way to church by George Mauromichales, a member of the Mainote family of patriots towards whom Capo d’Istria had behaved in a high-handed manner. His brother was at once appointed ruler by the senate, but he was obliged to abdicate on April 9th, 1832. The conference of London then chose Prince Otto of Bavaria to be king of Greece.

On January 30th, 1833, King Otto landed in Nauplia. Since he was not yet of age a regency of three persons was appointed; three thousand five hundred Bavarian soldiers were to keep order until a national army was created. On December 25th, 1833, the seat of government was transferred from Nauplia to Athens, which was now little more than a heap of ruins, but it soon received a university, and in a short time became one of the most important ports in the Orient. King Otto, who had assumed the reins of government upon July 1st, 1835, and in the following year had married Princess Amalie of Oldenburg, first had Armansperg, and then von Rudhardt, as his prime minister. After the latter had been dismissed in 1837 in consequence of a conflict with the English ambassador Lyons, who accused him of friendship for Russia, only Greeks were received into the ministry; but the harmony was no greater. On September 15th, 1843, a military revolt compelled the king, who made no objection, to give Greece a representative assembly. But even this could not remove the dissatisfaction of the people, who dreamed of a Byzantine Empire.

There was intense excitement in Greece over the Crimean war. Hatred against the old oppressors was aroused; the narrowness of the northern boundary was more keenly felt; the moment seemed to have come to expand; there was talk even of a renewal of the Byzantine Empire. To dampen these warlike desires the Western powers sent a few ships into the Piræus; French troops landed and compelled the government with their aid to keep revolutionary tendencies in check. Besides a few sorties of plundering Klephts in Thessaly and Epirus, nothing of importance transpired. The lack of energy, however, on the part of King Otto gave great offence to the Hellenic people, and there began to be talk regarding the appointment of a new monarch.

The Peace of Paris, which guaranteed its old boundaries to Turkey, gave great dissatisfaction to Greece. From that time on King Otto was in a difficult position. In February, 1862, a military revolt broke out in Nauplia, which was mildly suppressed by Otto. But while the king with his wife was visiting Morea in October, the cities of Vonitsa, Patræ, and Athens arose against him; a provisory government was established which demanded the abdication of Otto. Upon hearing of this rebellion the royal pair returned to the Piræus on October 23rd, but were not allowed to land; they went back to Salamis and embarked there upon an English ship, which took them to Trieste, whence they went home.

The Greeks then chose Prince Alfred, the second son of the queen of England, to be their king, but the English cabinet declined this honour. On March 30th, 1863, they chose Prince George of Glücksburg, whose father had been destined by the London protocol to be King of Denmark. The young George landed at the Piræus on October 30th. He had made the union of the Ionian Islands with Greece a condition of his acceptance. England acquiesced in this, and the Greek nation regarded it as a favourable augury that the new king brought this inheritance as a dowry, and hoped that he would meet the national desires in regard to Turkey. This hope was confirmed in 1866 when King George openly took sides with the Cretans in their revolt against Turkey and did not hinder the departure of volunteers for Crete.» (HH, XXIV, p.234-236).


© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2013. All rights reserved.



Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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