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§665. Napoleon III, Garibaldi and Leopold (1859-1862): V-20.

V-20 (§665):

Beyond the Alps the grand army shall pass,

Shortly beforehand a roguish monster shall be born:

He shall be prodigious and suddenly turn,

The great of Tuscany in his place in the close proximity.   

 

(Dela les Alpes grand armée passera,

Un peu devant naistra monstre vapin:

Prodigieux & subit tornera,

Le grand Tosquan à son lieu plus propin.)   

 

Notes: Beyond the Alps the grand army shall pass: « In 1859, under the reign of Napoleon III, a grand army of France shall pass the Alps.» (Le Pelletier, I, p.293-294).

 

A roguish monster: = Garibaldi. Of 13 examples of the term ‘monster’ in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, those 3 qualified by «hideux (hideous)» seem to indicate respectively the prince of Condé (§61, III-41), Henry of Navarre (§142, I-90) and the duke of Mayenne (§228, I-80). Moreover, «monster of Lauragues» (§123, X-5) can represent once more Henry of Navarre, «Lauragues» (the Lauraguais) being limitrophe of the county of Foix, his home country. The other 9 examples of «monster» seem also represent the powers, reigns, parties or persons gifted with a quality of prodigy: the revolutionary government of the Mountaineers (§372, III-34), Napoleon Bonaparte (§471, II-32), Garibaldi (§638,V-88; §665, V-20), The double gouvernement in Rome at the epoch of Italian unification (§637, IX-3), the organization of International (§713, VI-44), the reign of Franco (§781, VI-19), the military government of the Japanese Empire (§870, II-70) and the modern colonialiste powers (§862, X-98). Cf. Le Pelletier, I, p.294, note 1.

 

He shall be prodigious: « On the 6th of May [1860] Garibaldi set sail with 1,062 volunteers from Genoa without suffering any hinderance from the Sardinian authorities, and on the 11th of May landed at Marsala, on the west coast of Sicily... Six weeks after the victory at Palermo the “dictator” Garibaldi set sail for Messina without having fulfilled the expectations of Turin that he would announce the annexation of Sicily to Sardinia. In three days he took the fortress of Milazzo, and shortly after the commander of Messina effected a truce by the terms of which the city, with the exception of the citadel, was to be evacuated by the Neapolitan troops. Europe learned with astonishment of the first rapid successes of the great agitator, but his exploits on the mainland were to excite still greater wonder. His further progress through the southern part of the peninsula was one long triumph; nowhere was resolute opposition offered him.

On the 5th of Sepember he arrived at Eboli, not far from Salerno. The very name of Garibaldi exercised a potent spell over the people; to them he appeared as the instrument of God on earth, the discharger of a providential mission. On the 6th of September Francis II left Naples and withdrew, with the 40,000 men who still remained to him, to the fortresses of Gaeta and Capua. The day following Garibaldi made his formal entrance into Naples in the midst of the acclamations of the people. He established a provisory government, but still deferred sending news of annexation to Piedmont. The leaders of the radical parties had filled the popular demi-god with distrust against the policy of Cavour and it was not until he was joined by Pallavicino, the martyr of Spielberg, that he again made common cause with the unionists.

The foreign powers preserved a strictly neutral attitude throughout, and Napoleon's efforts to effect the united intervention of France and England failed before the determined resistance of Palmerston and Russell. While these events were in progress the excitement of the Italian people reached fever-heat. The fall of the Bourbon dynasty in Naples, which was now seen to be imminent, would make the union of the Apennine peninsula under the sceptre of Victor Emmanuel almost an accomplished fact. The boast of Garibaldi that from the Quirinal itself, its national capital, he would announce the birth of the United Italian kingdom, found an echo in the hearts of the people who made it apparent in every way that they would be satisfied with no less a victory.» (HH, IX, p.607-609).


« It behoved Cavour's successor, Ricasoli, to follow closely in the footsteps of his illustrious predecessor and confine his attention to the interior up-building of the state. He repeated Cavour's attempt to negotiate with Rome for the establishment of a free church in a free state, but the Florentine statesman was looked upon as almost a foreigner by the papal advisers, and France unqualifiedly rejected the intervention he proposed. He resigned his office in March, 1862, whereupon Rattazzi was appointed head of the ministry.

The first official acts of the new minister were to take back into the army Garibaldi's former volunteers, and to proclaim that the parliamentary decree of March 27th, 1861, which designated Rome as the future capital of the kingdom, must be carried out. Garibaldi being summoned from his island to assume the lead in all these undertakings the “ Action ” party were again fired with revolutionary ardour. Not only Rome and Venice were to be conquered, but all the Italian-speaking populations of the Tyrol and the other side of Adria were to be united under the banner of the new kingdom.» (HH, IX, p.612).

 

Torner: = Tourner (to turn), faire tourner (to make turn), contourner (to evade), changer, faire passer d’une manière d’être à une manière d’être opposée (to change, to make pass from a manner of being to its opposite manner of being), retourner (to return) (Daele).

 

And suddenly turn [into the opposite situation]: « Soon the tide of agitation swelled so high that the administration saw itself obliged to take strong measures to protect the country from a general war. Among the most turbulent leaders who were taken prisoners were many friends and followers of Garibaldi. It was a misfortune for Italy that no regular sphere of activity was offered this devoted patriot in the interior administration of his country, where his high and noble qualities might have been utilised without much power of initiative being left to his defective political sense. He determined now to repeat against Rome the course of procedure that had succeeded with Naples two years ago.

He set sail from Genoa and landed at Palermo where a large force of armed volunteers crowded under his banner, thirsting to strike some decisive blow that would shake from Italy the last survival of foreign rule, and to win for the kingdom its natural capital. Inasmuch as a rumour was spreading abroad which might find credence in foreign countries that the administration was secretly shielding the undertaking, and as Napoleon himself had threatened to occupy Naples if the Turin cabinet did not at once take steps to crush the revolutionary movement, the king now issued a proclamation declaring all men traitors to the flag of Italy who overstepped the limits of the law and participated in any unwarrantable act of violence or aggression.

Nevertheless, Garibaldi persisted in his design which was to enter Rome as a conqueror or die within its walls. On the 24th of August he landed at Melito, and passing Reggio whose strong fortifications he did not venture to attack, advanced at once into the Calabrian mountains. Meanwhile, Greneral Cialdini had despatched a division of the main army under Colonel Pallavicini, in pursuit of the volunteers, and at Aspromonte a serious encounter took place. Garibaldi, wounded and taken prisoner, together with many of his followers, was brought back in a government steamer to Barignano, on the Gulf of Spezia, where he endured a long and painful malady.» (HH, IX, p.612-613).

 

The great of Tuscany in his place in the close proximity: « Count Stadion, sent out to reconnoitre with 12,000 men, came upon the French near Montebello May 20th, 1859, and was forced to retreat. The battle of Magenta followed, June 4th, in which the victory fell to the French. The bravery of the Austrians in this engagement, although they suffered from the greatest lack of necessary equipments, excited the admiration even of the enemy. Never did the defects of the Austrian administration become so glaringly apparent as during the campaign in Italy. Lombardy was the prize at stake in this battle of Magenta. Gyulay, incapable of rallying his scattered forces for a new attempt, immediately gave orders for a general retreat.

Milan was evacuated in the next two days so hastily that the movement bore the character of a flight, the fortifications around Pavia and Piacenza were blown up, and the army of occupation was recalled from all its garrisons. On the 8th of June, Napoleon, at the side of Victor Emmanuel, made a triumphal entry into Milan, where he addressed the people in high-sounding speeches, the Austrians, meanwhile, continuing their retreat as far as the Mincio, where they took up a new position in the middle of a quadrangle of fortifications, Peschiera, Verona, Mantua, and Legnago. The misfortunes that had befallen Austria confirmed and strengthened Sardinia in its ideal of Italian unity, and helped to bring about the fall of the lesser Italian sovereignties. In April the archduke Leopold of Tuscany had been forced to leave Florence and place himself under the protection of Austria.» (HH, IX, p.604). Cf. §650,VIII-7: A monarch shall fall low from high, when May begins.

 

Discussion:                                                                                                                                                                                                        Le Pelletier (I, p.293-294) successfully identified the three key persons, Napoleon III, Garibaldi and the archduke of Tuscany, but his interpretation of the lines 3-4 to the effect that Garibaldi made turn the archduke into exile does not fit the historical fact, which says that it is the alliance of the king of Sardinia and the emperor of France that did so (cf. HH, IX, p.603-604).

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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2013. All rights reserved.

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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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