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§806 The Battle of Britain; the operation ‘Blitz’ (1940-1941): IX-48.

IX-48 (§806):

The grand city of the maritime Ocean,
Surrounded by the shores of crystal:
In the winter solstice and the spring,
Shall be challenged by terrifying wind.

(La grand cité d'occean maritime,
Environnee de maretz en cristal:
Dans le solstice hyemal & la prime,
Sera temptee de vent espouvantal.)
(№10)

NOTES: « IX-48 (Autumn of 1940 till spring of 1941) London, the great marine city, met in the winter of 1940 and in the spring of 1941 with the horrible misfotune through the attacks by the German aircraft.» (Centurio, 1953, p.201).

Occean
[Océan] maritime (the maritime Ocean): = The River Thames, ‘ocean’ originally signifying « the great river encompassing the whole earth » (Klein, p.508) and ‘maritime’ qualifying Great Britain as ‘Great Sea Power’.

The grand city of the maritime Ocean: = The grand city of The River Thames = London.

Maret: = « maree, s.f., bord de la mer (coast, seashore) » (Godefroy), ‘-et’ being, phonetically, for ‘-ee’.

Crystal: This term, unique in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, figures « the tall towers that had sprung up on the English coast » (Bickers et al., 1999, p.46), these towers of radar stations having being constructed with the triangular frames offering the image of crystallization (cf. Iiyama, 2003, p.73: illustrations of CH radar and CHL radar and p.93: photograph of CH radar); « At the outbreak of World War II the RAF [Royal Air Force] was highly efficient technically in both flying and maintaining its aircraft. But its numbers were comparatively small and its fighter combat training had been dangerously inflexible. Numerical weakness was compensated for by possession of a unique adjunct to the country’s defence: a chain of radar stations [= CH: Chain Home] that gave early warning of air raids. Development was carried out during the 1930s. The original scheme envisaged a transmitting station every 20 miles (32km), alternate ones to have a receiver also. Each mast was to be not less than 200ft (60.6m) high, on land not less than 50ft (15m) above sea level and not more than 2 miles (3.2km) from the coast. At Easter 1939, with the outbreak of war expected at any moment, the radar chain had begun continuous watch-keeping. The aerials were stationary, the transmitter was on a 350ft (106m) steel tower and the receiver on a 240ft (73m) wooden one. A shorter wavelength was needed to pick up at low altitude, and a rotating aerial to enable a narrow ‘searchlight’ beam to sweep from side to side or be pointed in any required direction. Such equipment was devised and formed the Chain Home Low, or CHL. The first CHL station began operating in November 1939. Mobile units were also being built. The vehicles on and in which they were installed became known as a ‘convoy’. The combined CH and CHL system gave the RAF an excellent probability of detecting virtually any intruders. In addition to the CH stations, another source of information had to be integrated: the Observer Corps. This organisation originated in 1914 on the outbreak of World War I. The Royal Naval Air Service being responsible for home defence, the Police were instructed to report to the Admiralty by telephone when enemy aircraft were seen or heard. In 1916, the Army, of which the Royal Flying Corps was an arm, took over from the Admiralty. Cordons of civilian observers were now positioned at a radius of 30 miles (48km) around vulnerable areas, to inform the War Office when they saw or heard enemy aircraft and, if possible, to give an estimate of course and height. In 1921 the Observer Corps was restructured into observation posts that reported to observation centres reporting in turn to Fighting Area HQ, which was responsible for the defence of Great Britain. By the time the RAF was restructed in 1936, the Observer Corps had grown in numbers. The Observer Corps was a body of mostly part-time civilian members. At the end of the war, the accuracy of their estimations was assessed most commendably. When the war began, the control and reporting system, the most sophisticated in the world, was functioning smoothly. By the time the first sorties in the Battle of Britain were flown, it had reached a degree of efficiency far higher than that of the equivalent German organisation. The Observer Corps was organised in posts and groups. The system was fully tested during the exercise in August 1939. Secrecy about radar was so strict that, although the Corps was under the Air Ministry and received information from the radar chain, only a few officers were allowed to know the details of how this was obtained. Posts were sited at any convenient place that allowed a good field of view: rooftops were good vantage points. They were not comfortable places in which to spend several hours at a time. In a small sandbagged enclosure with scant weather protection, equipped with an instrument for estimating height and position of aircraft, binoculars and a telephone, these dedicated men kept watch. At the period with which we are concerned, there were some 30,000 observers, manning more than 1,000 posts radiating from 32 centres.» (Bickers et al., id., p.45-50).

Surrounded by the shores of crystal: The radar stations were arrayed along the whole British coast except the north-western quarter as follows: Sumburgh (Shetland), Fair Isle, Kirkwall (Orkney), Netherbutton (Orkney), Thrumster (Highland), Rosehearty, Hillhead, School Hill, Montrose, Douglas Wood, Anstruther, Drone Hill, Bamburgh, Cresswell, Ottercops Moss, Shotton, Danby Beacon, Flamborough Head, Baudsey, Walton, Dunkirk, Foreness, Dover, Rye, Poling, Ventnor, Worth, West Prawle, Hawks Tor, Rame Head, Dry Tree, St. Twynells, Warren, Haycastle, Strumble Head.

The interpretation of the phrase “maretz en cristal” by Ionescu as ‘marées de glace (tides of ice)’ (Ionescu, 1976, p.547) is not pertinent, because the glacial tides or shores have nothing to do with the Air Battle and the featuring of the unique British radar system by this unique phrase is itself a predictive mention of the Battle of Britain resulting in British victory, with which Ionescu wrongly thought this quatrain did not deal, in converging the whole quatrain solely upon the theme of the Operation “Blitz” (Ionescu, id., p.546), whose season of winter, he hopes, may justify his interpretation of ‘crystal’ as ‘ice’... Moreover, in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, the term ‘cristal (crystal)’ is meant otherwise than that of ‘glace (ice)’ employed in fact twice (I-22 and VI-52).

« In Britain, Churchill quashed defeatism. He encouraged a popular mood of defiance with his brodcast speeches and pushed through radical measures to stiffen resistance. These ranged from the internment of aliens to the creation of the Home Guard militia to resist German invasion. Since the British refused to negotiate a peace deal, Hitler began preparing a cross-Channel invasion. In August, the Luftwaffe began a sustained air campaign over southern England, initiating the Battle of Britain. British air defences were well prepared, with radar early warning stations linked to command centres that co-ordinated a response by Spitfire and Hurricane fighters. Despite this, RAF Fighter Command was hard pressed as waves of bombers with fighter escort attacked airfields, radar stations, and aircraft factories. It was a relief for the RAF when the Luftwaffe switched to bombing London from early September. On 15 September, attacked by over 1,000 German aircraft, the British shot down 60 for the loss of 28 of their own. Such figures meant that Germany could not win the command of the air needed to cover an invasion.» (DKHistory, p.391).

Hyemal: = hiémal (of winter).

La prime: = « printemps (spring) » (Godefroy).

Temptee: = « tentée (tempted) » (Ionescu, id., p.547).

In the winter solstice and the spring, Shall be challenged by terrifying wind: « German invasion plans were abandoned in October, but from autumn 1940 until May 1941 [In the winter solstice and the spring], British cities were subjected to the Blitz, a series of night raids by Luftwaffe bombers [challenged by terrifying wind] that caused heavy casualties – more than 40,000 civilians were killed – and widespread destruction. Contrary to pre-war predictions, however, the raids brought neither social breakdown nor the collapse of morale. British stoicism under fire won many admirers in the neutral US... » (DKHistory, p.391).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 

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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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