§815 The Allied three operations of landing (1941-1944): IX-97.

IX-97 (§815):

The armies from the sea divided in three parts,
For the second the rations shall fail,
The desperate seeking for the Elysian Fields,
The firsts entering a breach shall have a victory.

(De mer copies en trois parts divisees,
A la seconde les vivres failleront,
Desesperez cherchant champs Helisees,
Premiers en breche entrez victoire auront.)

NOTES: The armies from the sea divided in three parts: This quatrain seems to concern the Allied three operations [divided in three parts] of landing [The armies from the sea] in WWII, namely, those of Overlord on Normandy in June 1944 (called the first in the quatrain), of Torch on North Africa in November 1942 (called the second) and of Husky on Sicily in July 1943 or of Dragoon on Provence in August 1944 (either is qualified to be the third, otherwise ‘Husky’ being able to be a strategical extension of the second or ‘Dragoon’ to be considered as a corollary of the first).

For the second: = For the Allied forces in North Africa where the Allied landing is to be effected in November 1942.

Failleront: = failliront (to shall fail); « faillir. Fut. S.I. falrai, etc. – ou faillerai, etc. – ou faillirai, etc. (the third person plural future of faillir. Falront, – or failleront, – or failliront)» (Daele).

For the second the rations shall fail, The desperate seeking for the Elysian Fields: « Soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union [22 June 1941], Rommel had began to plan a new attack on the besieged port of Tobruk, which had become the key to the war in North Africa. He needed it to supply his troops and to eliminate the threat to his rear. Tobruk was now held by the British 70th Division, reinforced with a Polish brigade and a Czech battalion. During the desert summer, with its mirage shimmer of the desert under a blazing sky, a sort of phoney war had developed, with little more than the odd skirmish along the wire of the Libyan frontier. British and German reconnaissance patrols chatted to each other by radio, on one occasion complaining when a newly arrived German officer forced his men to open fire after a tacit ceasefire had been arranged. For the infantry on both sides, life was less amusing under such conditions, with just a litre of water a day for drinkung and washing. In their trenches, they had to cope with scorpions, sand-fleas and the aggressive desert flies which swarmed over every piece of food and every inch of exposed flesh. Dysentery became a major problem, especially for the Germans. Even the defenders of Tobruk were short of water, as a Stuka had wrecked the desalination plant. The town itself was badly battered by shellfire and bombing, and the harbour half full of sunken ships. Only the determination of the Royal Navy kept them supplied. Members of the remaining Australian brigade began bartering war loot for beer as soon as a ship arrived.» (Beevor, 2012, p.223-224).

The Operation ‘Torch
: « The Allied landings in French North Africa took place on November 8, 1942. This entry into north-west Africa came a fortnight after the launching of the British offensive on Rommel’s position at Alamein, in the extreme north-east of Africa, and four days after the collapse of that position. At the ‘Arcadia Conference’ in Washington at Christmas 1941 – the first Allied conference following the Japanese stroke at Pearl Harbor which brought the United States into the war – Mr Churchill put forward the ‘North-west Africa Project’ as a step towards ‘closing and tightening the ring around Germany’. He told the Americans that there was already a plan, ‘Gymnast’, for a landing in Algeria if the Eighth Army gained a sufficiently decisive success in Cyrenaica for it to push westward to the Tunisian border. President Roosevelt favoured the project, being quick to see its political advantages in grand strategy, but his Service advisers were dubious about its practicability while anxious les lest it should interfere with the prospect of an early and more direct attack against Hitler’s hold on Europe. The most they were willing to agree was that study of the operation, now rechristened ‘Super-Gymnast’, should continue... The American Chiefs of Staff reacted to this contention with renewed objections to ‘Gymnast’ – Marshall’s condemnation of it as ‘expensive and ineffectual’ was supported by Admiral King’s declaration that it was ‘impossible to fulfil naval commitments in other theatres and at the same time to provide the shipping and escorts which would be essential should that operation be undertaken’. They also agreed in viewing the British refusal to attempt a landing in France in 1942 as clear evidence that the British did not really want to risk it even in 1943. So Marshall, readily supported by King, proposed a radical change of strategy – that unless the British accepted the American plan for an early cross-Channel attack ‘we should turn to the Pacific and strike decisively against Japan; in other words assume a defensive attitude against Germany, except for air operations; and use all available means in the Pacific’. But the President objected the idea of delivering such an ultimatum to his British allies, expressed his disapproval of the proposed strategic switch, and told his Chiefs of Staff that unless they could persuade the British to undertake a cross-Channel operation in 1942 they must either launch one into French North Africa or send a strong reinforcement to the Middle East. He emphasised that it was politically imperative to take some striking action before the year ended... In choosing north-west Africa as the alternative, rather than a reinforcement to the Middle East, Marshall’s prime reason, according to Harry Hopkins, was ‘the difficulty of mixing our troops with the British in Egypt’. While a mixture would also occur in the case of a combined operation in north-west Africa, it was obvious that American reinforcements to the Middle East would have come under a British Commander-in-Chief. The adoption of ‘Super-Gymnast’ was formulated at two further meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, American and British, in London on July 24 and 25 – and promptly endorsed by Roosevelt. On Churchill’s initiative the operation was rechristened ‘Torch’, as a more inspiring name. It was also agreed that the supreme command should be given to an American – an ointment to the sore feelings of the American Service chiefs that Churchill was very ready to provide – and on the 26th Eisenhower was told, by Marshall, that he was to have the post.» (Hart, 1971, p.310-312).

« World War II : War in North Africa El Alamein 23 October – 4 November 1942 The Battle of El Alamein marked the beginning of the end for the Axis in North Africa. The charismatic Field Marshal Rommel was comprehensively defeated by the British Eighth Army, and Allied material superiority meant that he had little chance of rallying his broken forces. Following on from the defensive success at Alam Halfa, Montgomery built up his forces to fight the key battle for North Africa. The British had built a defensive line at El Alamein because the Quattara Depression to the south was impassable to mechanized forces. A narrow choke point prevented the German panzers from operating on their preferred southern flank with open terrain. Now that the British had moved over to the offensive, the proposed battlefield also suited the Eighth Army, whose main strength lay in its artillery and infantry formations. By mid-October 1942, Montgomery could deploy approximately double the number of men and tanks available to Rommel’s German-Italian army. The British also enjoyed the invaluable advantage of air superiority over the battlefield. Aware that an attack was imminent, Rommel had prepared his defenses as best he could, sowing hundreds of thousands of antitank and antipersonnel mines along his front to slow any British advance. Rommel returned to Germany to recuperate from illness shortly before the British offensive was launched, command passing to a subordinate. Montgomery’s plan comprised a diversionary attack to the south, spearheaded by Free French troops, while the main attack would come in the northern sector, close to the coast. The British would break into the Axis line and force them to counterattack. In the process, the British would weak down the enemy’s offensive capability... Rommel, meanwhile, had flown back to North Africa to resume command, and he immediately mounted spirited counterattacks... But progress by the infantry, especially the Australian and New Zealand Divisions, opened up corridors through the Axis defenses that the British could exploit. On 2 November Rommel signaled to Hitler that the battle was lost. Although initially refused permission to retreat, Rommel began the withdrawal of his German units, leaving his Italian allies – who lacked motor transport – to be mopped up by the British. By 4 November the motorised elements of the Axis were in full retreat, and because of the sluggish British follow-up they were allowed to escape virtually unscathed. But this was of limited strategic importance because the British victory at El Alamein was confirmed by Operation Torch, the Anglo-American landings in North Africa on 8 November. The Axis forces were now being squeezed in the Allied vice, and their expulsion from North Africa was only a question of time.» (Grant, 2011, p.846-847).

The firsts
: = Those of the first part of landing, namely that in Normandy.

The firsts entering a breach shall have a victory: « World War II: Western Front Normandy Landings 5–6 June 1944 On 4 June, U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Allied Commander, made the decision to launch Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Europe in World War II. Bad weather forced a one-day postponement, but a short period of acceptable weather meant 6 June was marked as D-Day. Allied soldiers and sailors were already loaded in more than 3,400 ships and began moving across the English Channel. More than 130,000 men were to land on five beaches spread along 50 miles (80 km) of Normandy coast. Before dawn on 6 June, 1,000 air transports and gliders dropped one British (6th) and two U.S. (82d and 101st) airborne divisions – some 18,000 paratroopers – behind the beaches, with the mission to seize key roads and bridges and seal the invasion area from German reinforcements. Although darkness, poor weather, and pilot confusion caused many paratroopers to land in the wrong locations, the men assembled in small groups and fought their way to their objectives. British gliders brought their troops in on target to seize the important bridges at Caen and Orne. Before sunrise on 6 June, British Royal Air Force planes also began prelanding bombing, Allied deception operations had worked well... At the day’s end, the Allies held small but growing beachheads, while Allied airpower prevented German reserves from arriving. The successful Allied landing opened the door, into Europe, which led to the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany [The firsts entering a breach shall have a victory].» (Grant, 2011, p.864-865).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 


Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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