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§816 The Operation ‘Neptune/Overlord’ (1944.6.6): I-29.

I-29 (§816):

When the terrestrial and aquatic fish
Shall be set on the sand through strong waves,
Its form strange, sweet and yet horrible,
Soon the enemies by sea to the walls.

(Quand le poisson terrestre & aquatique
Par forte vague au gravier sera mis,
Sa forme estrange suave & horrifique,
Par mer aux murs bien tost les ennemis.)

NOTES: « A clear account of the D-Day invasion of the Normandy beaches, with an exact description of the amphibious tanks and ducks employed by the Allies.» (Roberts, 1969, p.10).

Le poisson terrestre & aquatique
(the terrestrial and aquatic fish): = « Les embarcations amphibies (the amphibious boats).» (Ionescu, 1976, p.554); « It is clear that the text of Nostradamus refers to the landing in Normandy on 6 June 1944 and the featuring of the amphibious tanks and ships is quite remarkable, for these machines played, in fact, a decisive role in this operation of the Allies.» (Ionescu, id., p.555); « “The United States entered the Second World War with the fully developed theory of amphibians, which was finally adopted by the other great Allies. On the contrary, the German failure to develop an adequate doctrine of amphibians and their tactical possibilities was the major cause of the fall of Hitler...” (Encyclopedia Britannica, ‘Amphibious Warfare’, vol. I, p.822).» (quoted Ionescu, id., p.554); « This invasion across the English Channel was an extremely hazardous operation. Apart from the risks run in the actual assault upon Hitler’s Fortress Europe, the crossing of almost 100 miles of treacherous sea was in itself fraught with danger. At the end of that crossing the assault craft bearing the troops which were to seize the beachhead, and the amphibious ‘swimming’ tanks with them, had to come in on a tide attaining half-flood 40 minutes after first light...» (Maule, 1972, p.372); « The Allies had plenty more surprises for the Germans on D-Day, not the least being a variety of specialized tanks designed to overcome minefields, obstacles and concrete fortifications. Since 1943 the British 79th Armoured Division had been an experimental formation working out ideas for all kinds of ingenious armoured vehicles: amphibious tanks, flame-throwing tanks, bull-dozing tanks and many others. While the swimming tanks and the first infantry went ashore, the Allies were equipped with multiple rocket vessels, and artillery and mortars at the bows of landing crafts. This was to give them close fire-cover throughout the dangerous period when the enemy would be manning their guns again in the lull after the naval bombardment...» (Maule, id., p.381); « Thanks to ceaseless day-and-night efforts by the crews of scores of DUKWs (amphibious trucks) which had crawled clear of the sea as the storm broke, a growing stream of supplies was brought in from the big off-shore transports...»
(Maule, id., p.395).

Gravier: = « Graviere 1. Gravier, sable (Gravel, sand). – Les Islaelites estoient innombrables comme la graviere de la mer (... innumerable like the sand of the sea).
FOSSETIER, Cron. Mag., II, 2 v° (G.).» (Huguet); « At Omaha beach, however, it was a far less happy story. There the firm 300 yards of sandy foreshore culminated in a steep shingle bank, most of it backed by a sea wall...» (Maule, id., p.388).

Par forte vague au gravier sera mis, Sa forme estrange suave & horrifique: « ... lancées en vagues massives arriveront sur les plages de Normandie, leur forme étrange et insolite paraîtra bien plaisante aux Français et effrayante aux Allemends (... being thrown in the massive waves shall arrive at the shores of Normandy, their strange and insolent form appearing truly sweet for the French and fearful for the German).» (Ionescu, id., p.554).

Par forte vague (through strong waves): « But however brilliant the Allied invasion plan, the final intangible of the weather on the chosen day was an uncontrollable yet vital factor. As D-Day, for which June 5 had been named, drew nearer, the fine, sunny days of May gave place to dull, rainy weather. Weatherships and aircraft out in the Atlantic reported depressions approaching, with accompanying high winds and low cloud. The experts predicted that these depressions would envelop the Channel area all through June 5 to 7, and that the sailing of the invasion fleet would be highly dangerous. When the first-wave troops had already embarked on June 4, the weather worsened to a storm, and General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme commander, had no option but to postpone the invasion. Nevertheless, with the wind-lashed Channel still turbulent, that night the meteorologists gave reason to hope the storm might decrease sufficiently for landings next day. On the strength of this forecast, Eisenhower ordered the invasion fleet to sail... Although the Germans had known that an invasion was imminent, they were taken by surprise. The stormy weather had proved to be a blessing in disguise. Certain that no landings could be attempted with such high seas running, three of the senior commanders were away from their headquarters, including Rommel himself... The sea was heaving sickeningly, a cold wind lashing the invaders with spray, as they went in soon after dawn...» (Maule, id., p.375-381);

« Late in 1943, the British Admiralty became responsible for preparing the sea, swell and surf forecasts for Operation OVERLORD, the world's largest amphibious assault. To do so, as of 1 February 1944, the Admiralty's Naval Meteorological Service activated a Swell Forecast Section. There follows a first-hand account of how this unit prepared the requisite wave predictions for D-Day (6 June 1944), the Big Storm (19-22 June 1944), and over-the-beach supply operations following the destruction of the artificial harbor at the OMAHA beachhead. The same British and American meteorologists were then posted to the Joint Meteorological Centre, Colombo, Ceylon to assist in the invasion of Rangoon, Burma (Operation DRACULA).» (Bates, 2010, p.1).

« Sea, Swell and Surf Forecasting for D-Day Once General Eisenhower became the Supreme Allied Commander (SAC) at SHAEF [Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionay Force], he persuaded the Combined Chiefs of Staff and its superiors, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill, that the initial OVERLORD assault required five beachheads spread over 50 miles of Normandy coastline rather than the original three beachheads. This expansion brought about three changes worth noting here. First, the maritime assault phase now had its own name, NEPTUNE. Second, the launch date for NEPTUNE/OVERLORD was postponed from early May to early June. Third, as of early April, the SHAEF complex of 1,300 personnel would move from central London's Norfolk House into a newly constructed cantonment within the 1,100 acre Bushy Park located next to the four-century old palace known as Hampton Court.» (Bates, id., p.9).

« General Eisenhower was noted for allowing his staff members to perform their "dog work" without interruption from above. Even so, after being reared on the stark Kansas prairie, he was a "weather worrier" with a tendency to pop in informally and personally inspect the weather charts. Furthermore, during Monday, April 17th, "Ike" announced to the admirals, generals and air marshals assembled for the regular weekly command briefing (Stagg, 1971): ... when the time comes to start OVERLORD, we are going to have to rely very much on the weather forecast, so I want to hear what our weather experts can do. Each Monday until then Group Captain Stagg will tell us what he thinks the weather will be for the rest of the week.» (Bates, id., p.11).

« During the first four weeks of May, 1944, English weather was unusually benign. Over the North Atlantic Ocean, the upper atmosphere featured a "high index zonal flow" pattern with only minor north-south perturbations embedded therein. Thus, even during May 28th, the day that Stagg and Yates were moving from London to Southwick Park, Stagg's five-day forecast stated "mainly quiet wind conditions would continue for the coming week," i.e., through Sunday, June 4th, or the day just prior to launching the long awaited invasion of France.» (Bates, id., p.13).

« General Eisenhower made the tense situation worse during Friday, June 2nd. With the proposed D-Day just three days away, "Ike" advised Stagg that he now required weather briefings during both morning and evening hours.» (Bates, id., p.15).

« Time Line: Ocean Wave Advisories for the Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force
1943 Monday, 29 May 1000 DBST [Double British Summer Time (Two hours in advance of Greenwich time)]: SAC weather briefing by team of Stagg-Yates-Fleming.
Friday, 2 June
1000 and 2130 DBST: SAC weather briefing as above.
Saturday, 3 June 2130 DBST: SAC weather briefing as above for proposed D-Day of pending Monday but meteorological conditions appear doubtful.
Sunday, 4 June 0430 DBST: SAC weather briefing as above. D-Day postponed 24 hours. 2130 DBST: SAC weather briefing advises improving situation during pending Tuesday so SAC offers a tentative "Go."
Monday, 5 June 0415 DBST: SAC weather briefing confirms improving weather pattern so Eisenhower orders full "Go" for NEPTUNE on 6 June. 1915 DBST: Eisenhower visits Fleming's weather shack. Stagg advises: "I hold to my forecast!"» (Bates, id., p.34).

« Table 3. SHAEF 5-Day Wave Forecast for 5/9 June 1944*
Swell: In western approaches to English Channel, and south of 50 degrees N up Channel as far as the Cherbourg Peninsula: 6 to 7 feet Monday, decreasing to 4 to 5 feet Tuesday, 3 to 4 feet remainder of period, westerly direction throughout.
Sea: Monday, 5 June:
(a) Western approaches to English Channel: 8-10 feet mixed sea and swell.
(b) Near the English Coast, in the Channel: 3-4 feet west of Portland Bill, 2-3 feet in the east.
(c) French Coast (except western Cherbourg Peninsula): 5-6 feet decreasing to 3-4 feet.
(d) Southernmost North Sea: 5-7 feet.
Tuesday, 6 June, D-Day, Areas as above.
(a) 3-4 feet wind waves.
(b) 2-3 feet becoming 3-4 feet in the west.
(c) and (d) 3-4 feet except for 2-3 feet in southwestern Bay of Seine.
Wednesday to Friday, 7, 8, and 9 June.
(a) 5-7 feet mixed sea and swell.
(b) 2-3 feet, risk of 4 feet.
(c) 3-5 feet, but 2-4 feet in Bay of Seine.
* Prepared at 2200 DBST, Sunday, 4 June 1944, by 1st Lt. John Crowell, AC.» (Bates, id., p.16).

« Table 4. Observed Wave Conditions at NEPTUNE Beachheads, 6-7 June 1944*
6 June 1944 (D-Day) 0300 DBST OMAHA: Troop unloading area 10 nautical miles offshore experiences gusty northwesterly winds of 12-18 knots. Wave heights of 3-4 feet with occasional interference waves up to 6 feet. Choppiness makes personnel transfer difficult.
0540-0640 DBST ALL BEACHES: Skirted Sherman tanks (DD-Dual Drive, treads and propellers) launched even though operational limit is 1-foot high waves.
Consequences:
UTAH: Launched 0.6 miles offshore into 2-foot waves. 27 out of 28 tanks reach shore.
OMAHA: Launched 3.5 miles offshore into 3-4 foot waves. 27 out of 29 tanks sink.
GOLD & JUNO: Launched 0.4 miles offshore into 3-foot waves. 42 out of 58 tanks reach beach.
SWORD: Launched 2.2 miles offshore into waves less than 2 feet high. 24 out of 24 tanks reach beach.
1200 DBST UTAH: Surf less than 2 feet high. OMAHA: Transport unloading area continues with choppy waves 3 to 4 feet high; surf 2 feet high.
1800 DBST OMAHA: Surf 1 to 2 feet high; offshore waves 2-3 feet high. Wind remains northwesterly 12-18 knots.
7 June 1944 (D-plus-One) 1200 DBST OMAHA: Offshore waves still 2-3 feet high... northwesterly wind speed of 10 knots or less. Surf 1-2 feet high.
* Pritchard, D.W., 1st Lt., AC. Memorandum to Regional Control Officer, 21st Weather Squadron dto 30 June 1944.
Fletcher, David. Swimming Shermans: Sherman DD Amphibious Tank of World War II. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2006.» (Bates, id., p.18).

The enemies: = The enemies, having proceeded by sea [par mer], were the Allies against the overland German garrisons.

The walls: = The walls of Paris, “walls (murs)” in the Prophecies of Nostradamus very often referring to those of some great or principal city in question. In fact, of 24 examples in all of the term: Mur/Murs (Wall/Walls), 19 refer to the walls of a town or a city (of Paris: I-29, III-6, III-7, III-50, V-18, V-81 and IX-39; of Berlin: II-57 and III-84; of Valence II-63 [au mur], of Saint-Quentin and La Fère III-33, of Calais IV-52, of Turin and Milan IV-90, of Marmande VIII-2, of Genoa IX-26, of Toulouse IX-37, of Bourges IX-93, of Moscow IX-99 and of Rome X-65), one to the buildings (X-89) and 4 to a function of obstacle or protection (II-63 [le grand mur], III-56, VI-51 and X-45).

Soon the enemies by sea to the walls: « The breakout of Allied forces from Normandy in August led rapidly to the liberation of Paris. After French Resistance fighters began an uprising in the city on 19 August, General Charles de Gaulle’s Free French forces, fighting as part of Eisenhower’s Allied armies, raced for Paris [Soon the enemies by sea to the walls]. A column of French tanks reached central Paris on 25 August. As the Germans withdrew, celebrations in Paris began, and so too did reprisals against alleged collaborators. Around 9,000 French people were summarily executed and tens of thousands subjected to public humiliation – for example, women were paraded with shaved heads – before De Gaulle formed a provisional government and restored order.» (DKHistory, p.400-401). Ionescu’s interpretation of the last line as « A la suite de cette action sur mer (par mer), les armées allemandes seront bientôt retirées dans leurs fortifications (aux meurs bient tost les ennemis) (Following this action on the sea, the German armies shall be soon driven into their fortifications).» (Ionescu, 1987, p.351) is not pertinent because the only one phrase par mer cannot signify the event: A la suite de cette action sur mer and his variant meur (meaning literally maturité (maturity) according to Godefroy, then meaningless in the context of this quatrain) in place of mur is not authentic according to many reliable versions of the text (№ 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10).
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 
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Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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