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§820 The Allied landing in Provence; Liberation of Paris (1944): III-99.

III-99 (§820):

In the grassy fields of Alleins and of Vernègues,
Of Mt. Lubéron near the Durance,
A camp on two sides the conflict shall be so harsh:
Mesopotamia shall collapse in France.

(Aux champs herbeux d'Alein & du Varneigne,
Du mont Lebron proche de la Durance,
Camp de deux pars conflict sera sy aigre:
Mesopotamie defallira en la France.)

NOTES: « Alleins and Vernègues are two villages a few miles north-east of Salon. The Lubéron mountains sit on the north side of the Durance river. In 1944, Provence suffered bitter close-quarter fighting between the Allies and Nazis. In other quatrains a Mesopotamia... in France refers to the Marne and Seine river region of Paris and the Ile de France district. In this case the Mesopotamia device may poetically depict Paris and the French people under their own Babylonian Captivity by the Nazis between 1940 and 1944.» (Hogue, 1997, p.292).

In the grassy fields of Alleins and of Vernègues, Of Mt. Lubéron near the Durance: “Grassy” hinting a summer season, may evoke us the Allied landing in Provence in August 1944: « On 15 August took place in Provence the Allied second landing.»
(Universalis92, p.39).

Pars: Pl. of part; « part, pl. parz, pars; sf.: part, partie, côté (portion, part, side).»
(Daele). Cf. I-73, II-69, II-72, III-5, III-56, IV-80, VIII-48, IX-20, IX-97 and X-71.

A camp on two sides the conflict shall be so harsh: « The landing Corps, under the high command of Sir Maitland Wilson, including the 1st French Army commanded by Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, was levied upon the armies combatting in Italy. The armada departed from Naples, Taranto, Malta, Oran and Ajaccio. At the night of 14 to 15, the commandos immobilise the batteries of the coast. At dawn, the airborne formations are released in the north of the Maures. Then the first American waves of assault take rapidly the regions of Saint-Tropez, Sainte-Maxime and Saint-Raphaël. The next day land the three French divisions that march for Toulon. On 18 August, the German commandant orders the retreat. On 28 August, the German garrisons of Toulon and Marseilles lay down the arms.» (Universalis92, p.39); « The theater of operations was situated between Cavalaire and Agay, at the foot of the Maures and of the Esterel. In the midst of the Allied forces, the French troops, Army B of General de Lattre de Tassigny, occupied a principal place. They were supported by a navy task force of 2000 vessels, among which were found the French units. They had a mission of fighting in the second echelon and of taking Toulon and Marseilles. The attack of August 15 was a success. The Germans had no more means of resisting at the same time the two invasion armies. The exploitation following the attack was equally an exceptional success. Toulon was liberated from 23 to 27 August, twelve days earlier than the Allied staff’s prevision; Marseilles during 28-29 August, twenty-six days earlier than scheduled.» (Kaspi, 1980, p.442-443).

Mesopotamia: = Paris. ‘Mesopotamia’ represents l’île de la Cité, which symbolises Paris, surrounded by the two ramifications of the Seine. In this regard, the interpretation of Torné-Chavigny (1861, p.192) followed by Hogue, who situates Paris between the Seine and the Marne, is not pertinent because the two rivers in question do not embrace Paris sufficiently tight in an acute angle. The other usage of the term by Nostradamus: « the free city, constituted and seated in another exiguous mezopotamia » (№3,
Adresse à Henri II, p.12) suggests that the point in question is l’île de La Cité. The other two examples in the quatrains III-99 and VIII-70 have the same signification as III-99, whereas that of the quatrain III-61 refers to Montpellier, a meridional city situated between the Lez to the east and the Mosson to the west.

Defallir: = Défaillir; « fallir, See faillir(Daele); « défaillir. To become feeble, to weaken; to fail.» (Dubois).

Mesopotamia shall collapse in France: Paris, under the German occupation, shall be liberated through the Allied landings in France (Normandy and Provence); « On 19 August, the eve of the fighting breakout from the Falaise pocket, General de Gaulle arrived from Algiers at Eisenhower’s headquarters. ‘We must march on Paris,’ he told the supreme commander. ‘There must be an organized force there for internal order.’ Not surprisingly, de Gaulle was afraid that the Communists of the Francs-Tireurs et Partisans would provoke a rising and try to establish a revolutionary government. He, meanwhile, had been infiltrating his own officials into occupied Paris to create a skeleton administration and take over ministries. The following day in Rennes, de Gaulle heard that an insurrection had started in the capital. He immediately sent General Juin with a letter to Eisenhower insisting that Leclerc’s division should be sent straight there. The Paris police had gone on strike five days earlier, in protest at a German order to disarm them. On 19 August, the Parisian police, armed with their pistols but dressed in civilian clothes, took over the Préfecture de la Police and hoisted the tricolore. Generalleutnant Dietrich von Choltitz, the German commander of Paris, felt obliged to send in troops, and a very inconclusive engagement took place. Choltitz had been told by Hitler to defend the city to the last and destroy it, but other officers had persuaded him that this would serve no military purpose. On 20 August, a Gaullist group seized the Hôtel de Ville as the start of their strategy to take over key government buildings. The Communists, believing their own propaganda which decreed that power lay in the streets, failed to see that they would be outmanoeuvred... On 22 August, Eisenhower and Bradley became persuaded that they would have to go into Paris after all. Eisenhower knew that he would have to sell the decision to General Marshal and Roosevelt as a purely military one. The President would be angry if he thought that US forces were putting de Gaulle in power. De Gaulle, on the other hand, tried to ignore the fact that the United States had anything to do with the Liberation of Paris. Bradley flew back in a Piper Cub to give Leclerc the good news that he could advance on Paris. The reaction among his soldiers was one of fierce joy. Orders from General Gerow that they were to leave the next morning were ignored, and the 2ème Division Blindée set off that night. After some hard fighting in the outer suburbs on 24 August, Leclerc sent a small column ahead into the city through the backstreets. Soon after they reached the Place de l’Hôtel de Ville that night, cyclists spread the word across the city and the great bell of Notre Dame began to peal. General von Choltitz and his officers knew immediately what it signified. Next morning, the 2ème Division Blindée and the US 4th infantry Division entered the city to a riotous welcome, interspersed with some fighting. In reality this was little more than a few sharp skirmishes round German-held buildings – enough for Choltitz to have pretended to resist before he signed the surrender. With their picked men installed in the ministries, the Gouvernement Provisoire de la République Française was more or less in control. Both the Communists and Roosevelt had been presented with a fait accompli.» (Beevor, 2010, p.613-615).
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©  Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved. 
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Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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