FC2ブログ

§855 De Gaulle in the end victorious of Hitler (1940-1945): III-100.

III-100 (§855):

Among the French the last honoured,
Shall be victorious of a man of enmity:
His force and territory being for a while put to the test,
When the envious person shall die it shall be by a shot of dart.

(Entre Gaulois le dernier honoré,
D'homme ennemi sera victorieux:
Force & terroir en moment exploré,
D'un coup de trait quand mourra l'envieux.)

NOTES: Exploré: = Put to the test; « Exploro, are: mettre à l’épreuve (To explore, to put to the test).» (Fontbrune, 1939, p.191).

Trait: =A pistol; « trait. MILIT. Arrow, dart, javelin.» (Dubois).

Envieux: « envieux. Adj. Envious, jealous. – s. Envious person.» (Dubois)..

Among the French the last honoured: « The hundredth quatrain of the Third Centurie begins with a clearer allusion to General de Gaulle. General de Gaulle may be called fairly the last-honored among the Gauls (no pun intended). The day after the Germans broke through at Sedan, Colonel de Gaulle, commander of the 507th Regiment of combat cars, was made a general to lead a hastily assembled brigade. Between 1932 and 1936 he wrote Au Fil de l’Epée (translated as The Philosophy of Command), which called for individualized initiative by commanders instead of the French traditionalist method of fighting only according to previous plan, and Vers l’Armée de Métier (The Army of the Future), which broke completely with preconceived French tactics. He foresaw (1934) this army of the future moving on caterpillar treads and warned that the Maginot Line was limited in depth, leaving northern France exposed. He predicted France’s defeat through concentrating on “the supreme value of the defensive.” He discounted France’s stridently tooted morale – “neither bravery nor skill can any longer achieve anything except as functions of equipment.” Marshal Pétain sneered at “such witticisms” and General Weygand was provoked by the tank tactician’s “evil remarks.” While France was sitting out the war in January, 1940, Colonel de Gaulle again dared to speak. From his tank command in Lorraine, he sent a seventeen page report to General Gamelin, Premier Daladier, and twenty other higher-ups warning: “The Maginot Line, however reinforced, can be crossed. The defender who limits himself to resisting in a fixed position with antiquated weapons is doomed.” Germany was the first nation to honor Charles de Gaulle when it stole from his book the tank strategy which won the Battle of France. England and the remaining free nations have paid him homage. France gave him her last grudging honor when he received his general officer’s stars on the battle-field.» (Boswell, 1941, p.223-224).

Among the French the last honoured, Shall be victorious of a man of enmity: « DE GAULLE, Charles André Joseph Marie (1890-1970) One of the most extraordinary and controversial figures of World War II. Although long mistrusted (even despised) by many Frenchmen after Fall of France and frequently in bitter conflict with his Anglo-American allies, he yet succeeded in building Free French movement into formidable force, which played significant role in latter, victorious stages of the war. Became equally controversial President of France after war. Graduated from St. Cyr military college, 1914. Wounded three times during World War I. Captured at Verdun, 1916, but escaped and returned to duty on Western Front and in Macedonia. Advocated mechanization of French Army between the wars, but was cold-shouldered by conservative general staff. Led 4th Armoured Division n series of gallant, but ineffectual, counter-attacks against German salient in North France, May 1940. Under-secretary for National Defence, June 1940. Escaped to England and formed ‘French National Committee’. Adopted Cross of Lorraine – emblem of Joan of Arc – as his own. Sentenced to death in absentia for treason and desertion by Vichy military court, Aug.1940. Liberated most of the French colonial empire, 1940-42, despite defeat of British-Free French expedition to Dakar, West Africa (September 1940) and bitter fighting in Syria (May-June 1941), Morocco and Algeria (November 1942). Reluctantly shared control of Free French movement with General Giraud, December 1942-November 1943. Sole President from latter date. Supreme commander of armed forces from April 1944. Entered Paris with Free French armoured units, August 1944. Officially recognized as sole legal head of French government, October 1944. President of provisional government, 1945-46.» (Argyle, 1980, p.166); « The War in Europe came to an end officially at midnight on May 8, 1945, but in reality that was merely the final formal recognition of a finish which had taken place piecemeal during the previous week. On May 2 all fighting had ceased on the southern front in Italy, where the surrender document had actually been signed three days earlier still. On May 4 a similar surrender was signed, at Montgomery’s headquarters on Luneberg Heath, by the representatives of the German forces in North-west Europe. On May 7 a further surrender document, covering all the German forces, was signed at Eisenhower’s headquarters in Reims – a larger ceremonial finish carried out in the presence of Russian as well as American, British, and French representatives.» (Hart, 1971, p.680).

His force and territory being for a while put to the test
: « On 1 June 1940, as the German army and air force swept across France, an unusually tall one-star general went to see the Prime Minister of France. The politician Paul Reynaud, an elfin-faced conservative who had been in office for ten weeks, offered him a choice: he could take command of France’s tank forces or join the government as Deputy Defence Minister – Reynaud held the senior defence post. Charles de Gaulle took the second option. The historic career was launched that would parallel France’s fortunes for good and ill over three decades. As the two men talked, their country was undergoing its greatest humiliation of the twentieth century [His territory being put to the test]. Three weeks earlier, the German army had circumvented its main defences on the heavily fortified Maginot Line, and used the deadly combination of tanks and dive bombers to pulverise French forces [His force being put to the test], which retreated in disarray or found themselves surrounded by the advancing enemy. The rout was all the more humiliating because France’s tank force was 30 per cent larger than Germany’s and included the heaviest and most powerful fighting vehicle in the world, the Char B1. In the air, the Allies again had 30 per cent superiority in numbers, and the United States had just delivered five hundred American planes, including high-quality fighters. But the Luftwaffe was as dominant as the tanks on the ground. The failure lay with the men in charge and the defensive mentality which had held sway since 1918.» (Fenby, 2011, p.13).

When the envious person shall die it shall be by a shot of dart
: « Two divisions had crossed the Spree to seize the ministry of the interior, which they called ‘Himmler’s House’. At dawn on 30 April, they launched their attack on the Reichstag, which Stalin had chosen as the symbol for the capture of Berlin. The first soldier to raise the Soviet flag above it was promised the order of Hero of the Soviet Union. The Reichstag was defended by a mixture of SS, Hitler Youth and some of the sailors who had been crash-landed in the Junkers transport planes. The great danger for the attackers came from behind. The huge Zoo flak tower in the Tiergarten could fire at them as they crossed the vast expanse of the Königsplatz, where Speer [architect Albert Speer] had planned to build the Volkshalle, the centerpiece of the new capital, Germania. In the Führer bunker that morning, Hitler tested one of the cyanide ampoules on his adored Alsatian bitch Blondi. Satisfied that it worked, he began to make his own preparations. He had just heard of Mussolini’s death and that of his mistress Clara Petacci. Their bodies, riddled with bullets, had been strung up from the gantry of a petrol station in Milan. The details had been typed for him on one of the special typewriters with outsize script, to allow him to read without glasses. (The sheet is preserved in a Russian archive.) At around three in the afternoon, the Führer made his farewells to his entourage. The solemnity of the occasion was rather undermined by the sound of partying up in the Reichschancellery, and then by Magda Goebbels becoming hysterical at the idea of losing him. Hitler finally retired to his sitting room with his bride, who had been cheerful during lunch although she knew exactly what was about to happen. Nobody heard the sound of the shot, but just after 15.15 hours Linge his valet entered followed by others. Hitler had fired a bullet through his head, while Eva Hitler had taken cyanide. Their bodies were wrapped in grey Wehrmacht blankets and taken up to the Reichschancellery garden, where they were set alight with petrol according to Hitler’s instructions. Goebbels, Bormann and General Krebs snapped to attention and gave the Nazi salute.» (Beevor, 2012, p.753).
_______________________________________
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.
関連記事
スポンサーサイト



Profile

Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

Latest journals
Category
Link