§864 WWII in Africa, Europe and Asia (1941-1945): VI-80.

VI-80 (§864):
The reign of Fez shall arrive at those of Europe,
The fire and the sword shall destroy their cities:
The great of Asia by land and sea with so huge troops,
That he shall expel peoples with blue or green eyes and cross to death.

(De Fez le regne parviendra à ceulx d'Europe,
Feu leur cité, & lame trenchera:
Le grand d'Asie terre & mer à grand troupe,
Que bleux, pers, croix, à mort deschassera.)

: Regne (reign): = Military occupation and rule; « RÈGNE. Fig. Domination, pouvoir absolu d’une personne, d’une catégorie de personnes (Figuratively.
Domination, absolute power of a person, of a class of persons).» (Petit Robert). 

The reign of Fez: « North African campaigns (June 1940-May 1943) … In response to the Italians’ desperate position, the Germans formed an Afrika Korps under Rommel. In January 1942, Rommel was finally in a position to advance, leading his forces towards Egypt. He was unable to reach Alexandria in the face of British resistance at El Alamein. In October, the reinforced 8th Army of 230,000 men and 1,230 tanks, now under Montgomery, launched its attack. Vastly inferior in number, Rommel’s troops were forced to withdraw towards Tunisia. Rommel’s position was made virtually hopeless by the success of ‘Operation Torch’, an amphibious landing on 8 November 1942 of US and British troops under Eisenhower near Casablanca on the Atlantic, and Oran and Algiers in the Mediterranean. The Vichy French troops were defeated within days, so that Rommel’s Axis forces were squeezed by advancing Allies to the east and west. Rommel was recalled in March 1943, and elite units of the Afrika Korps were evacuated from Tunis to Sicily. North Africa was liberated from the Germans and Italians with the fall of Tunis on 7 May 1943 [The reign of Fez], when some 250,000 prisoners were taken.» (
Palmowski, p.505-5-6).

The reign of Fez shall arrive at those of Europe: The victorious Allied forces advance from North Africa to Sicily in July (Operation Husky) and to mainland Italy in September 1943, and their detachment together with those newly coming from North Africa land southern France in August 1944 (Operation Anvil, renamed Dragoon) to defeat the Germans in the end.

The reign of Fez shall arrive at those of Europe, The fire and the sword shall destroy their cities: = The army of Africa shall come to aim for the Pannonians, By sea and land shall be horrible events (§824, V-48);
= Naples, Palermo, Sicily, Syracuse, New tyrants, lightnings celestial fires (§843, II-16): « Sicily and Italy, 1943-4 The Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 was followed by landings in mainland Italy in September: These knocked Italy out of the war; but the German Army’s continued stubborn defence meant that there would be no rapid Allied victory.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.134).

« 1943 JANUARY 5 North Africa US 5th Army formed in Tunisia under Lt.-Gen. Mark W. Clark.» (Argyle, 1980, p.118); « JULY 10 ALLIES INVADE SICILY (Op. Husky): Armada of 3,000 ships lands 12 divs. of 8th Army (Montgomery) and US 7th Army (Patton). JULY 22 Palermo captured by US 7th Army. AUGUST 17 END OF SICILIAN CAMPAIGN. Americans and British enter Messina. Axis forces evacuated. SEPTEMBER 3 INVASION OF CALABRIA (S. Italy): 13th Corps (8th Army) crosses from Sicily to Reggio di Calabria preceded by 900-gun barrage (Op. Baytown). SEPTEMBER 8 SURRENDER OF ITALY. SEPTEMBER 9 ALLIES LAND AT SALERNO: US 5th Army (Lt.-Gen. Mark Clark) and British 10th Corps land at Salerno, S. of Naples (Op. Avalanche). SEPTEMBER 10 British capture Salerno. Germans occupy Rome and disarm Italian forces in the N. SEPTEMBER 11 British 8th Army capture Brindisi. SEPTEMBER 17 Patrols of Allied 5th and 8th Armies link up near Agropoli, S. of Salerno.» (Argyle, 1980, p.135-140); « 1944 MAY 11 5TH AND 8TH ARMIES ATTACK GUSTAV LINE (Op. Diadem) on 48-km front. JUNE 4 ALLIED 5TH ARMY ENTERS ROME. AUGUST 15 Op. Anvil/Dragoon: ALLIED 7TH ARMY LANDS IN S. FRANCE between Nice and Toulon; airborne forces land behind beachhead. 1,300 planes hammer weak German defences. SEPTEMBER 26 8th Army begins crossing R. Uso (ancient Rubicon).» (Argyle, 1980, p.155-169); « Allied landing in Provence August 15. The whole plan should be executed by the American 7th Army, which commands General Patch. In the heart of the Allied army, the French troops, the Army B of General de Lattre de Tassigny holds a capital place…» (Kaspi, 1980, p.442-443); « LAST BATTLES IN ITALY After the capture of Rome in June 1944, Allied troops had been taken from Italy for the invasion of southern France. The remaining Allied units continued a slow advance into early 1945. In April they renewed their attacks, now with more success. German forces in Italy surrendered on 2 May, and on 4 May the advancing Allied troops linked up at the Brenner Pass with US Seventh Army coming down through Bavaria.» (Sommerville, 2008, p.195).

The Operation Dragoon
(August 1944):
« TORCH, the Anglo-American landings against French North Africa in November 1942, was followed by HUSKY, the assault against Sicily in early July 1943, and the invasion of southern Italy in September… During a series of Allied strategic planning conferences in 1943, the invasion of southern France, ANVIL emerged as a possible complement to the cross-Channel attack against northern France, now code-named OVERLORD and finally projected for 1944. Taking place either just before or during OVERLORD, ANVIL would weaken the overall German defenses in France or prevent the Germans in the south from reinforcing those in the north. Throughout the fall and winter of 1943 the U.S. Seventh Army headquarters based on Sicily thus drew up plans for a one-, two-, or three-division assault on the French Mediterranean coast, using what amphibious lift remained after all OVERLORD needs had been met. During the winter of 1943-44, Eisenhower, commanding the Allied forces in the Mediterranean, had left to take charge of the Allied expeditionary armies assembling in England for OVERLORD. Shortly thereafter, Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers, who had headed the American effort in Britain, moved to the Mediterranean to become deputy theater commander under its new British chief, General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson. There Devers, another Marshall protege like Eisenhower, pushed preparations for ANVIL. As drawn up by General Patch's Seventh Army staff, the nucleus of ANVIL would consist of the U.S. VI Corps under Maj. Gen. Lucian Truscott with the U.S. 3d, 36th, and 45th Infantry Divisions. As shipping schedules and the situation ashore allowed they were to be followed by seven French divisions under the overall command of General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny. As the American divisions had significantly more combat and amphibious experience than their French counterparts, many of which were colonial units only recently organized in French North Africa, it seemed logical for Truscott's forces to make the initial assault. In fact, the officers and men of both the American corps and its three divisions probably constituted one of the most experienced teams in the Allied camp, in contrast to the many green American divisions that went ashore at Normandy. Most were veterans of the North African, Sicilian, and Italian campaigns who had long become accustomed to working with one another. Their teamwork would prove vital to the success of the ensuing campaign. The relationship of the Seventh Army with the French command and the higher Allied theater headquarters was also critical. Here de Lattre agreed that, for the duration of the campaign in the south, his forces, which included two corps and one provisional army-level headquarters, would remain subordinate to Patch's Seventh Army and Wilson's Mediterranean command. It was understood however, that once the ANVIL forces joined Eisenhower's Normandy-based armies, these arrangements would change. At that time de Lattre would establish an independent command for all French combat units, while Devers would head another new headquarters, the Sixth Army Group, to control de Lattre's First French Army and Patch's Seventh, all under the overall command of Eisenhower. Both Eisenhower and Wilson approved of the agreement in July. Other elements of the ANVIL order of battle included an ad hoc airborne division, the Anglo-American 1st Airborne Task Force, under Maj. Gen. Robert T. Frederick; the Canadian-American 1st Special Service Force, an experienced regiment-size commando force; and various French special assault detachments. Air support would generally stage out of Corsica, about 100 miles away, supplemented by naval aviation from several escort carriers operating offshore. The latter vessels, together with supporting warships and the entire amphibious assault fleet, were under the control of Vice Adm. Henry K. Hewitt, U.S. Navy, the veteran commander of the Western Naval Task Force.» (Clarke, 2003).

« On 15 August, while the Falaise pocket began to shrink, Operation Anvil (now renamed Dragoon) landed 151,000 Allied troops on the Côte d’Azur between Marseilles and Nice. Most of the forces had been transferred from the Italian front.» (Beevor, 2012, p.612); « ‘Dragoon’ entailed the departure of the U.S. 6th Corps (with its three divisions), and then of the French Corps (of four divisions) – whose chiefs and members naturally preferred to help in the liberation of their motherland. The Fifth Army was thus reduced to five divisions, and the Army Group lost about 70 per cent of its air support.» (Hart, 2012, p.612).

The fire and the sword shall destroy their cities: « In Provence, General de Lattre de Tassigny had meanwhile managed to wriggle out of the plan by which he was intended to concentrate all his efforts on Toulon, and only move on to Marseilles when the large military port had been mopped up. This plan was calculated to lead the hoisting of the tricoleur on Notre Dame de la Garde on D-Day plus 45, that is on September 28, if all went well… Now left to its fate, [the German] 242nd Division defended Toulon to the last ounce of its strength. On August 21 the 1st Free French Division had got as far as Hyères, in spite of stiff resistance, and Colonel Bouvet’s commandos, working under the 9th Colonial Division, had scaled the walls of Fort Coudon on ropes and hunted down the 120 men of the garrison in the galleries: “At 1530 hours,” General de Lattre reported, “when the Kriegsmarine decided to give in, it had only six unwounded men. But at the moment of surrender, their commander signaled: ‘Fire on us.’ Violent shelling then began on the fort and lasted for a several minutes. Germans and Frenchmen alike were hit, and amongst the latter was Lieutenant Girardon, one of the heroes of the assault.” The same thing happened the next day in the ammunition magazine at Toulon, where the galleries had to be taken one by one by Lieutenant-Colonel Gambiez’s battalion of shock troops, supported by two tank-destroyers firing point-blank and a battalion of artillery, which reduced the works above the ground… The liberation of Toulon was completed on August 27 by the capitulation of Rear-Admiral Ruhfus, who had found a last refuge from the shells of the navy and the bombs of the air force in the Saint Mandrier peninsula… On August 23 de Lattre sent the 1st Armoured Division into Marseilles, and together with the 3rrd Algerian Division and the Moroccan goums it overcame the resistance within the city. As in Toulon, the Germans defended themselves bitterly, using rocket launchers, mines, and flamethrowers. The Allies were now a month ahead of schedule. The fury of their attacks had cost them 4,000 killed and wounded, but they had wiped out two enemy divisions and captured 37,000 prisoners. In late August 1944 the Franco-American victory in Provence thus usefully complemented the Anglo-American victory in Normandy.» (Bauer, 1979, p.506-507).

Terre & mer (land & sea): = Par terre & mer (by land & sea), this mode of ellipsis of preposition being the succinct usage of the idiomatic expression (e.g. III-82, VI-64, VI-80, VIII-50, X-83).

The great of Asia with so huge troops: = The Great Empire of Japan.

Pers: « PERS. Littér. Se dit de diverses couleurs où le bleu domine (surtout en parlant des yeux) (Literally. Referring to various colours where the blue dominates, especially concerning the eyes).» (Petit Robert) = Nearly green excepting the blue which precedes in text.

The great of Asia by land and sea with so huge troops, That he shall expel peoples with blue or green eyes and cross to death: « Japan drives the Allies out of South-East Asia: Faced with Japanese aggression that had been prepared and worked out at leisure, the “Arcadia” Conference hastily formed the A.B.D.A. command, the initials standing for the American, British, Dutch, and Australian forces [peoples with blue or green eyes and cross] fighting the Japanese in the Philippines, Malaya, Burma, and the Dutch East Indies. On January 15, 1942, General Wavell started to set up his A.B.D.A. headquarters at Batavia. The Japanese offensive, making full use of its considerable matériel superiority, particularly at sea and in the air, was now in full spate, with its right wing threatening Burma and its left Australia. Success followed success… » (Bauer, id., p.211).

« On April 7, however, the British Admiralty realized that the Japanese had not been deterred from advancing into the Indian Ocean by the Allied forces there, and authorized Somerville to withdraw to East Africa. Somerville decided to send his slower ships there while he himself, with the faster units, continued in the area. The withdrawal of the British fleet was a further humiliation for British seapower. Fortunately for the Allies, however, the Japanese forces did not exploit their opportunity, having already strayed beyond the limits they had set themselves beforehand. This marked the end of the first phase of Japan’s military expansion in World War II. General Tojo had occupied the “South-East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere” which had been his major objective since coming to power. And he had obtained it at little cost: five destroyers, eight submarines, and 50,000 tons of merchant shipping at sea; and 10,000 dead and 4,000 wounded on land.» (Bauer, id., p.219).

« Pearl Harbor had important results: the Japanese now controlled the Pacific and by May 1942 had captured Malaya, Singapore, Burma, Hong Kong, the Dutch East Indies, the Philippines, and two American possessions, Guam and Wake Island. It caused Hitler to declare war on the USA.» (Lowe, 1988, p.255).

« Singapore, fall of (World War II) (8-15 Feb. 1942) … The fall of Singapore, long perceived as an invincible fortress of the British Empire, symbolized more than any other event the real weakness of Britain’s pretensions to defend and control her vast Empire. This provided an important stimulus to colonial independence movements after World War II, and foreshadowed the process of decolonization after 1945.» (Palmowski, p.619).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2019. All rights reserved.


Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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