§ 616.Louis Philip's abdication after resignation of Guizot

19th century:
§616. Louis Philip's abdication after resignation of Guizot (1847-1848): IV-64.

IV-64:
The failing in bourgeois clothes,
Shall come to try the King with his offense:
Fifteen soldiers the most part Vstagois,
The last life & a chief of his properties.


(Le deffaillant en habit de bourgois,
Viendra le Roy tempter de son offense:
Quinze souldartz la pluspart Vstagois,
Vie derniere & chef de sa chevance.)

Keys to the reading:
The failing in bourgeois clothes: The minister of Louis-Philip, Guizot, a bourgeois, in his crisis of fall at the end of 1847;

Fifteen : the number suggesting the sixteen corpses in a carriage and at the same time that of fifty persons killed or wounded of the insurgents (See below);

Vstagois: the anagram of A S. Guizot (For Mr. Guizot) (Dr. de Fontbrune, 1976, p.151);

the most part Vstagois: the most part of the national guard was for the government of Guizot;

Chevance: biens (properties) (Ibuki) ;

The last life & a chief of his properties: the last days of Louis-Philip in exile, only as an owner of his private properties;

Fifteen soldiers the most part Vstagois, The last life & a chief of his properties: The construction should be as follows: Royal soldiers under the control of Guizot [shall give] the last life [to] fifteen & [to] the chief of his own properties by their general charge, where the words “fifteen” and “the chief” are considered to be in the oblique case (cas-régime) without preposition, and the verb “shall give (donneront)” must have been omitted..

Summary:
The minister of Louis-Philip, Guizot, a bourgeois, in his crisis of collapse at the end of 1847, came to advise the King in vain with the policy offensive to him, in proposing some republicans as new members of the ministry in order to prevent a revolt of the opposition (cf. Muel, 1895, p.208).

Confronted with the insurrection of the people supported by some legions of the national guard, Louis-Philip dismissed Guizot February 23rd, 1848. But the count of Molé nominated in place of Guizot could not arrive at the composition of a new cabinet: « the news of the dismissal of the ministers was welcomed with joy in Paris, but the republican opposition did not consider this concession sufficient. In the evening, Armand Marrast gave to a group of people who were under the windows of the National, a passionate discourse, in which he awoke all the energies of the multitude, in crying out that you had to be no more occupied with the vacant ministers, but that our strikes should mount to the throne.» (Muel, id., p.214)

« About nine o'clock in the evening, a column of demonstrators from the place of the Bastille marched in growing ever bigger till the building of the foreign affairs in the street of the Capucines. A battalion number 14 of the line under the commandment of the colonel Courrant lumping at that point of the street intercepted its passage to protect the ministry against the insurrection. The column was headed by officers and sub-officers of the national guard and the men carrying torches, armed with pikes, pistols and sticks.» (Muel, id., p.214)

A few seconds of crash and the street filled with the dead, the expiring, the wounded (cf. id., p.214-215). «The general charge killed or wounded about fifty persons. The crowd in panic fled into lateral streets; the troop, itself frightened, was disbanded. It was half past nine in the evening. The people stopped a carriage in passing, and loaded it with sixteen corpses.» (Charléty, 1921b, p.392) «Some of the insurgents picked up the bodies, sixteen in number, they said, and placed them in a carriage found there.» (Muel, id., p.215)

« Some men then improvised a sort of theatrical background for the massacre, with the genius that Parisians certainly possess for giving dramatic effect even to their most painful emotions. A cart was stopped, and the corpses were placed upon it; men walking beside it carried torches which illumined the ghastly cargo. The procession passed on through Paris while a man standing on the cart lifted up and showed to the people the dead body of a woman whose face was horribly mutilated by bullets. This frightful spectacle aroused a frenzy of rage throughout the city and Paris was again plunged into civil war.» (HH, XIII, p.82)

« The real battle was that of the 24th. On this occasion the king had placed Marshal Bugeaud in command of the royal forces. Bugeaud was the best of the African generals, but at the same time he was the one whose name was most dreaded by the people; he had the reputation of having gained some most bloody victories over insurgents on former occasions. This time Paris was covered with barricades; the fighting continued all the morning. Whenever the army seemed likely to yield or retreat, the king, who but a short time since was so full of confidence, and to whom the marshal had promised a brilliant victory, made some fresh concession. First he agreed that Thiers should form a ministry, then Odilon Barrot, as if the shades of difference which separated the centre of the chamber from the left-centre or the left-centre from the dynastic centre were of any importance in this mortal struggle between the people and the monarchy.» (HH, XIII, p.82)

The king abdicates and takes flight: « All these flimsy negotiations were going on amidst the smoke of battle. Now Thiers, now Odilon Barrot was to be seen rushing from one barricade to another announcing the king's last concession. Ministerial episodes mingled with the episodes of battle, and raised their weak voice amid the thunder of the cannon. Then, one after another, these political personages gave up what was an impossible task; and, like Charles X, Louis Philippe abdicated in favour of a child, his grandson, the count de Paris. The battle at this moment was brought to an end by its most bloody episode: the attack on the château d'Eau opposite the Palais Royal. The people on one side and the municipal guard on the other showed, at this point, indescribable energy, and fought with the courage of desperation. Bullets were dealing out death all around, and all the staunchest republicans were there, including Caussidiere, Albert, and Lagrange. By two o'clock the people had earned the victory. Louis Philippe and his family fled from the Tuileries. There was some difficulty in finding a cab to take him as far as St. Cloud. The crowd allowed this fallen King to pass, while behind him, the people for the third time invaded the Tuileries where they wrote, " Death to robbers ! " The duchess of Orleans had gone with her son to the chamber. The sight of a child and an unhappy woman, surrounded by sympathy, might induce the people in a moment of emotional excitement to agree to the maintenance of the monarchy. Some seemed ready to accept a regency. Lamartine felt the weakness and inadequacy of such a solution of the difficulty. Meantime the crowd was taking possession of the palace. The duchess of Orleans followed the old king into exile. The latter was going abroad like Charles X, but he had more to make him anxious. He was obliged to conceal himself, was often suspected, and sometimes had not enough money to supply his needs. When at last he reached the little Norman port which was his destination he found a stormy sea, and could not for a long time get any vessel to take him across the Channel; finally, having disguised himself, he secured a passage from Havre on board an English ship.» (HH, XIII, p.82-83)

A republican ministry: « On leaving the chamber the leaders of the people had gone to the Hotel-de-Ville. Crowds assembled from every direction, crying out in favour of ten different ministries at the same time; contradictory lists were made, but in the end the government was composed of Lamartine, Dupont de l'Eure Arago, Ledru-Rollin, Crémieux, Marie, Garnier-Pagès, the deputies of the Left benches to whom were added later Louis Blanc, Albert a working-man, Flocon, and Armand Marrast.» (HH, XIII, p.83)
________________________________________
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.
関連記事
スポンサーサイト
Profile

Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

Latest journals
Category
Link