§ 619.Louis-Napoleon, a second Bonaparte

19th century:
§619. Louis-Napoleon, a second Bonaparte (1852-1861): IX-5.

IX-5:
The third toe of the foot shall resemble the big:
To a new monarch high from beneath,
Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca Turin,
And correct the default of his precedent.


(Tiers doit du pied au premier semblera:
A un nouveau monarque de bas hault
Qui Pyse & Lucques Tyram occupera
Du precedant corriger le default.)

Keys to the reading:
The third toe of the foot: Louis-Napoleon (1808-1873), Napoleon III, the foot representing a family of mere citizens;

the big: = the big or great toe = Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), Napoleon I, the second toe being to be identified with his son Napoleon François Charles Joseph (1811-1832), Napoleon II;

Pisa and Lucca: These indicate the grand duchy of Tuscany, Lucca being incorporated in it in 1847 (Duby, 2008, p.168).

Turin: The capital of the kingdom of Sardinia, then of unified Italy in 1861.

Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca Turin: The grammatical irregularity of the verse indicates a congregation of three sentences: a) Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca; b) Turin shall occupy Pisa and Lucca; and c) Who shall occupy Turin.

a) Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca: This signifies, with b), the occupation of Tuscany and its incorporation in the kingdom of Sadinia by Cavour (1810-1861) allied with Napoleon III against Austria, its real existent ruler;

b) Turin shall occupy Pisa and Lucca: This signifies, with a), the occupation of Tuscany and its incorporation in the kingdom of Sardinia by Cavour, its dominant leader allied with Napoleon III;

c) Who shall occupy Turin: This signifies the dominancy of Napoleon III over Cavour;

his precedent: = Napoleon I, according to the verse 1.

correct the default of his precedent: «He [Napoleon the third] shall wage war in Italy, but to correct the failure of his uncle. He shall say: " The Empire, it is the peace. " » (Nicoullaud, 1914, p.194).

Summary:
Louis-Napoleon, Napoleon III [the third toe of the foot], resembles Napoleon I, the great toe of the family, in pursuing a rapid and remarkable promotion in their political life, starting with a mere citizen to attain the imperial supremacy.

Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca Turin: « As Russia was pressing on Turkey, so Austria was pressing on Italy. She had played an equivocal part during the Crimean War [1853-1856], whilst the kingdom of Sardinia, the only independent and constitutional state in Italy, had not feared to join her young army to the Anglo-French troops. This circumstance had made France the natural protectress of Piedmont, and by consequence of Italy, of which this little kingdom was the last citadel. Thus when the emperor of Austria, Francis Joseph, in defiance of European diplomacy, passed the Ticino as the emperor Nicholas had passed the Pruth, France once more found herself face to face with this new aggressor and on the side of the oppressed. In this war the emperor Napoleon resumed the secular policy of France, which consists in not suffering the preponderance of Austria or Germany in Italy - that is to say, on the French southeastern frontier. A French army reappeared on that soil where three centuries before the arms of France had left so many glorious traces. Europe looked on with keen attention; England as a well-wisher, Russia and Prussia amazed. Austria and France were left alone facing each other. The war lasted scarcely two months.

« After the brilliant affair of Montebello, which defeated an attempted surprise on the part of the Austrians, the Franco-Piedmontese army concentrated round Alessandria; then by a bold and skilful movement turned the right of the Austrians, who had already passed the Ticino, and compelled them to recross that river. Caught between the army corps of General MacMahon and the guard at Magenta, the Austrians lost 7,000 killed or wounded and 8,000 prisoners (June 4th [1859]). Two days later the French regiments entered Milan. The enemy, astounded at so rude a shock, abandoned his first line of defence, where, however, he had long been accumulating powerful means of action and resistance. He retired on the Adda, after vainly making a momentary stand at the already famous town of Marignano and on the Mincio, behind the illustrious plains of Castiglione and between the two fortresses of Peschiera and Mantua; then he took up his position, backed by the great city of Verona as an impregnable base. The emperor of Austria, with a new general and considerable reinforcements, had arrived there to await the French army.

« The Austrians had long studied this battlefield; there were 160,000 of them ranged on the heights with their centre at the village and tower of Solferino, and ready to descend on the French in the plain. Napoleon III had scarcely 140,000 men available, and was obliged to fight on a line extending over five leagues. Whilst the right wing was struggling against the enemy in the plain in order to prevent itself from being turned, and King Victor Emmanuel with his Piedmontese was bravely resisting on the left, the centre delivered a vigorous attack, and after a heroic struggle successively carried Mount Fenile, the mount of the cypresses, and finally the village of Solferino. The enemy's line was broken; his reserves, before they could come into action, were attained by the balls from the new rifled cannon of the French. All fled in frightful confusion; but a fearful storm, accompanied by hail and torrents of rain, stopped the victors and permitted the Austrians to recross the Mincio; they left twenty-five thousand men put out of action. In the evening the emperor Napoleon took up his headquarters in the very room which Francis Joseph had occupied in the morning (June 24th). Twice a conqueror, the emperor suddenly offered peace to his enemy. Italy was freed, although a portion of Italian territory, namely Venetia, still remained in the hands of Austria.

« Europe, bewildered by these rapid victories, allowed her awakening jealousy to appear. The emperor thought he had done enough for Italy by pushing Austria, so recently established on the banks of the Ticino, back behind the Mincio, and at Villafranca he signed with Francis Joseph a peace, the principal conditions of which were confirmed at the end of the year by the Treaty of Zurich. By this peace Austria resigned Lombardy, which France added to Piedmont that she might make for herself a faithful ally beyond the Alps. The Mincio became the boundary of Austria in the peninsula, where the various states were to form a great confederation under the presidency of the pope. But all those concerned rejected this plan, and the revolutionary movement continued. The emperor confined himself to preventing Austria from intervening. Then those governments of Parma, Modena, the Roman legations, Tuscany and Naples, which ever since 1814 had been merely lieutenants of Austria, were seen to fall to pieces successively, and Italy, minus Venice and Rome, was about to form a single kingdom, when the emperor thought himself called upon to take a precaution necessary to the security of France; he claimed the price of the assistance he had given and by the Treaty of Turin, March 24th, 1860, obtained the cession to himself of Savoy and the county of Nice, which added three departments to France and carried her southern frontier to the summit of the Alps.» (HH, XIII, p.135-137).

And correct the default of his precedent: « For the first time since 1815 France, not by force and surprise but as the result of a great service rendered to a friendly nation, by pacific agreement, and according to the solemn vote of the inhabitants, had overstepped the limits traced round her at the period of her reverses. Europe dared not protest.» (HH, XIII, p.137).

Discussion:
Le Pelletier (I, p.280), followed by Ionescu (1976, p.364), interprets the verse 2 as follows: « This prince [Louis-Napoleon], the same as he who shall have directed in his youth (in 1831) the revolutionary movement of Tuscany (Pisa and Lucca)...».

But, this is not pertinent to the verse, for in 1831 Lucca is not yet annexed to Tuscany. And his citation of a history runs as follows: « Louis Bonaparte was in Florence with his elder brother Charles Bonaparte, in 1831, when burst the troubles of Romagna. He armed hastily a corps of Italian partisans, and, provided with a cannon that he himself had adjusted, ran into the pontifical states in order to seize Civita-Castellana», but he did not succeed in his enterprise (Gallix and Guy, 1853, p.26).

So, this history does not agree with the verse to the effect that: Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca. In fact he did not try to seize Tuscany (Pisa and Lucca), but to seize Civita-Castellana in the pontifical states, and he was in Tuscany (Florence) and did not occupy it.

Moreover, according to Le Pelletier and Ionescu, Tyram means tyran (tyrant), but their text: « Qui Pyse et Luques tyran occupera (Who shall occupy Pisa and Lucca tyrant) » cannot signify anything reasonable ! And we may refer to the statistics of the uses of the words: Turin and tyran[t] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus.

Turin in its 8 examples in all is always thus spelled, with the capital initial, and 6 of them have with them other Italian cities, such as Verseil, Foussan, Ferrare, Pise, Ast, Savone, Milan, etc. The other 2 examples have a preposition of place, such as à (at) or dedans (within).

The tyran[t] in its 7 usages of 10 in all has such an orthography with the definite article in masculine singular and one in the plural has an adjective in the plural (II-16), and one of the other 2 examples at the biginning of a sentence is Tyran (IV-55), another Tiran (VIII-90), these being to be considered in its context as a common noun: tyrant.

But, the word Tyram, unique in the Prophecies, with its two precedents: Pisa and Lucca, is most likely to be the name of an Italian city, Turin.
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© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.
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Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 219 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§949).

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