§ 622.Louis Philip's fall by himself

19th century:
§622. Louis Philip's fall by himself (1848): IX-57.

At the place of DRVX shall repose a King,
And seek for Anathema, in changing a law,
Whilst the heaven shall give a thunder extremely powerful,
A new brood coming, the King shall kill himself.

(Au lieu de DRVX un Roy reposera,
Et cherchera loy changeant d'Anatheme,
Pendant le ciel si tresfort tonnera,
Portee neufve Roy tuera soy mesme.)

Keys to the reading:
DRVX : for Dreux (Torné-Chavigny,1860, p.68);

a King: King of the French Louis-Philip (id.);

Anathema in changing a law: fatal destruction, i.e. abolition of a dynasty caused by changing the rule of regency (id., p.69);

A new brood: a group of eleven nominated persons as members of the new provisional government in the revolution of February.

At the place of DRVX shall repose a King: «The king Louis-Philip, warned by Crémieux that the riot approached, got out of the Tuileries, accompanied by the queen Marie-Adélie and by the generals Dumas and Rumigny, via the portal of an underground that led from his apartments to the garden of the Tuileries. He saved himself in disguise till Dreux, thence to Honfleur, then to Le Havre» (Muel, 1895, p.216-217). « He stopped in Dreux for several hours; he believed the regency accepted and had nothing to worry about, for his grandson was reigning. All of a sudden, the duke of Montpensier appeared, he brought the fatal news: the regency had been rejected (Alexandre Dumas, Louis Philippe).» (Torné-Chavigny, id.,p.66)

in changing a law: « They [the rebels] moved in mass to the Tuileries. Then Louis-Philip, by the earnest entreaty of his son, the duke of Montpensier, and of de Girardin, signed his act of abdication: " I abdicate in favour of my grandson, the count of Paris. I wish that he should be more happy than I." This prince did not express himself about the regency. Mr. Thiers took advantage of the thought of the king in order to pronounce himself pro a part of the opposition against the regency of Madam the duchess of Orleans. This fault by the king and by Mr. Thiers of having snatched the regency out of the young mother of a child king weighed fatally upon this last phase of the reign [And seek for Anathema]. Louis-Philip and his minister perished under the improvidence of this act [the King shall kill himself] (Lamartine, Révolution de 1848)» (Muel, id., p.216). « The Chamber of the deputies met at half past noon on February 24th under the presidency of Mr. Sauzet. The duchess of Orleans, accompanied by the duke of Nemours, entered the hall of the meeting, leading by the hand the count of Paris and the duke of Chartres, her children. Mr.Dupin, who had brought the count of Paris and his mother to the Chamber, announced the abdication of the king in favour of the count of Paris, with the duchess of Orleans as regent. Mr. Marie protested against the regency: "You have a law that has nominated the duke of Nemours as regent [the law of the 30th of August, 1842], you cannot today make a regency [changing a law]; it is certain that you have to obey a law... I demand that a provisional government should be organized on the instant."» (Muel, id., p.217-218).

The duke of Nemours: « The second son of Louis-Philip, made regent after the death of his elder brother, the duke of Orleans.» (Muel, id., p.218).

Whilst the heaven shall give a thunder extremely powerful: « On February 26th, the next of the day when Louis- Philip left Dreux to start to wander in his kingdom till the night of the 2nd - 3rd of March, it had been a hurricane and a frightful tempest accompanied by lightning and thunders.» (Torné-Chavigny, id.,p.71)

A new brood coming: « At last, after many fruitless efforts, while repeated cries of " No more Bourbons! We want a republic!" arose, Dupont de l'Eure succeeded in reading out the names of Lamartine [1], Ledru-Rollin [2], Arago [3], Dupont de l'Eure [4], and Marie [5], which were accepted unanimously. A voice cried: " The members of the provisional government must shout 'Vive la République' before being named and accepted." But Bocage, the democratic actor, cried, " To the Hôtel-de-Ville with Lamartine at our head!" and Lamartine, accompanied by Bocage and a large number of citizens, left the hall. While this tumultuous proclamation was being made in the chamber of deputies, Louis Blanc in the office of La Réforme was holding a meeting of the editors of the journal and some political friends. He also was drawing up a list for a provisional government. However, the provisional government wandered about the nation's palace without finding any spot where they could deliberate in peace, or where they would be free from the importunate sovereignty of the people. They shut themselves up in a room, but petitioners hunted them out; they hid in another, certain delegates intervened with authority; with much trouble they found refuge in a third. Lamartine drew up the first proclamation to the French nation; then the members of the government disposed of the ministerial offices. Dupont de l'Eure, on account of his age, was exempted, but was given the title of president of council. Lamartine became foreign minister; Arago, head of the admiralty; Crémieux [6], solicitor-general; Marie, minister of public works; Ledru-Rollin, minister of the interior (home secretary). Garnier-Pagès [7] was confirmed in his office of mayor of Paris. Towards half past eight Louis Blanc [8], Marrast [9], and Flocon [10] were introduced into the deliberating assembly. Louis Blanc imperiously demanded the inscription of his name and those of Marrast and Flocon on the list of members of the provisional government. He was offered the post of secretary. He refused at first; then, seeing himself abandoned by Marrast and Flocon, he retracted his refusal. [Also Albert [11] in the government (cf. Muel, id., p.222)].» (HH, XIII, p.87-88).

« Thus the government was finally completed. Every shade of republicanism was represented: moderate opinions, by Dupont de l'Eure, Arago, and Marie; adaptability, by Garnier-Pagès and Crémieux; socialism, by Louis Blanc; communism, by Albert; recollections of the convention, by Ledru-Rollin and Flocon; republican bourgeoisie, by Armand Marrast. Lamartine, who by his past, his name, and his aristocratic connections was looked on with the least favour by the public, personified in himself the diverse characters of his colleagues. He was not exactly the adversary nor the ally of any of them, but was dominated by a superior impartiality. But this same impartiality which constituted his strength was also a source of weakness. Sometimes he resisted, sometimes he yielded - less from force of conviction than from a spirit of tolerance, and in order to evade immediate embarrassment or peril. Among the members there was one whose ideas and sentiments were totally opposed to these - Louis Blanc. According to him the Revolution ought to call itself the republic, and the republic ought to realise high ideals. He would allow no temporising, no concession. We have seen him exact the inscription of his name on the government list: we shall see him in the council oppose himself to all, supported in his isolation by the intervention of the masses, and succeed in dictating measures most fatal to the republic. In short, from the first hour, such was the critical situation of the provisional government, which owed its origin to popular sovereignty, that it was constantly in dispute with that sovereignty. The crowd had encroached upon royalty; it now began to complain that the provisional government encroached upon its domain. First it had applauded; then it asked arrogantly by what right they had seized the power.» (HH, XIII, p.88).
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.


Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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