§ 628. Spanish marriages ending Louis-Philip

19th century:
§628. Spanish marriages ending Louis-Philip (1846-1848): IX-30.

At the port of PVOLA and of saint Nicolas,
Shall perish Normande in the fanatical abyss,
Cap. of Byzantium in revolution crying alas,
The relief of Gades and of the grand Philippic.

(Au port de PVOLA & de saict Nicolas,
Perir Normande au goulfre Phanaticque,
Cap. de Bisance raves crier helas,
Secors de Gaddes & du grand Philipique.)

Keys to the reading:
PVOLA: for Pola, Pula in Latin. « Pola, city of Istria with a port, colony of the people of Colchis, Georgia, its name signifying in their language 'banished person' » (Moréri, cité Torné-Chavigny, 1861, p.263). The banished person here means Louis-Philip in exile;

Saict Nicolas: = « Nicolas (Saint), elected bishop of Mysia [Myra] in Lycia in the beginning of the fourth century at haphazard and to a miracle in its vacancy... He was taken and drived into exile during the persecution by Licinius.» (Moréri, cité Torné-Chavigny, id.). This is a historical metaphor for Louis-Philip, elected king of the French in an illegitimate way and exiled then also. Another parallel expression of the quatrain IX-59 (§523): « Nicol tenu rouge, Nicol taken as revolutionary» also designates Louis-Philip;

Normande: Designates Louis-Philip as les Normans de France & Picardie (§618,VI-16) signifying the d'Orleans, whose domain of family is found at Eu, the only city of Normandy and Picardy (Torné-Chavigny, 1860, p.12-13; 1861, p.263);

The fanatical abyss: The July revolution;

Cap.: An anagram of Capet, cap. (IX-20,IX-30,IX-64) being an ellipsis of cappe, as in IV-11, VIII-19 and IX-26, which is transformed into Capep, then into Capet by changing only one letter. On the other hand, cappe (II-69,V-78) is an anagram of pape in French (pope), by transforming it to papec, then to pape by apocope;;

Byzantium: A historical metaphor for Paris as in I-40, V-80, V-86 and VII-36;

Cap. of Byzantium: Louis-Philip, a Capetian king in Paris;

Raves: Rave, s. f., débordement (overflow), inondation(inundation) (Godefroy) = the fanatical abyss = the July revolution.

Gaddes: Gades, Cadiz, representing Spain;

Le grand Philipique: The descendants of Philip V (Spanish king, 1700-1746), grandson of Louis XIV the Great.

At the port of PVOLA and of saint Nicolas, shall perish Normande: « He was obliged to conceal himself, was often suspected, and sometimes had not enough money to supply his needs. When at last he reached the little Norman port which was his destination he found a stormy sea, and could not for a long time get any vessel to take him across the Channel; finally, having disguised himself, he secured a passage from Havre on board an English ship.» (HH, XIII, p.83)

Cap. of Byzantium in revolution crying alas, the relief of Gades and of the grand Philippic [Louis-Philip overthrown regretting the Spanish marriages he thought an aid and reinforcement of his reign in Europe]: « The Spanish Marriages. Queen Christina, then regent of Spain, feeling herself entirely dependent on the liberal party for the preservation of her daughter's throne, and being well aware that it was in France alone that she could find the prompt military assistance requisite to support her against the Carlists, who formed a great majority of the Spanish population, naturally bethought herself of the favourable opportunity presented by the marriageable condition of the princes of one country and the princesses of the other, to cement their union by matrimonial alliances. With this view, although the princesses, her daughters, were as yet too young for marriage, she made formal proposals before 1840 to Louis Philippe for a double marriage, one between the duke d'Aumale, the king's third son, and Queen Isabella, her eldest daughter, and another between the duke of Montpensier, his fourth son, and the infanta Luisa Fernanda, her second daughter. How agreeable soever these proposals were to Louis Philippe, who desired nothing so much as to see his descendants admitted into the family of European sovereigns, he was too sagacious not to perceive that the hazard with which they were attended more than counterbalanced the advantages. It was evident that such a marriage of the duke d'Aumale with the queen of Spain would at once dissolve the entente cordiale with Great Britain, on which the stability of his throne so much depended; for however much the liberal government of England might desire to see constitutional monarchies established in the peninsula, it was not to be expected it would like to see the crown of Spain placed on the head of a French prince. It was already surmised, too, that the cabinet of London had views of its own for the hand of the younger princess. He therefore returned a courteous answer, declining the hand of the queen for the duke d'Aumale, but expressing the satisfaction it would afford him to see the duke of Montpensier united to the infanta.» (HH, XIII, p.77)

« The next occasion on which the subject of the Spanish marriages was brought forward was when Queen Christina took refuge in Paris, during one of the numerous convulsions to which Spain had been subject since the attempt was made to introduce democratic institutions among its inhabitants. Louis Philippe then declared to the exiled queen-regent that the most suitable spouse for her daughter the queen would be found in one of the descendants in the male line of Philip V, king of Spain, the sovereign on the throne when the Treaty of Utrecht was signed. The object of this proposal was indirectly to exclude the pretensions of the prince of Coburg, cousin-german to Prince Albert, whom rumour had assigned as one of the suitors for the hand of the young queen, and at the same time avoid exciting the jealousy of the British government by openly courting the alliance for a French prince. Matters were in this situation, with the question still open, so far as diplomatic intercourse was concerned, but the views and interests of the two cabinets were well understood by the ministers on both sides, when Queen Victoria in the autumn of 1842 paid a visit to the French monarch at the chateau d'Eu in Normandy, which was followed next spring by a similar act of courtesy on the part of Louis Philippe to the queen of England in the princely halls of Windsor. Fortunately the pacific inclinations of the two sovereigns were aided by the wisdom and moderation of the ministers on both sides; and under the direction of Lord Aberdeen and Guizot a compromise was agreed on of the most fair and equitable kind. It was stipulated that the king of France should renounce all pretensions, on the part of any of his sons, to the hand of the queen of Spain; and, on the other hand, that the royal heiress should make her selection among the princes descendants of Philip V, which excluded the dreaded competition of a prince of the house of Coburg. And in regard to the marriage of the duke of Montpensier with the infanta Doña Luisa Fernanda, Louis Philippe positively engaged that it should not take place till the queen was married and had had children (des enfants). On this condition the queen of England consented to waive all objections to the marriage when these events had taken place; and it was understood that this consent on both sides was to be dependent on the hand of the queen being bestowed on a descendant of Philip V and no other competitor.» (id., p.77-78)

« The sagacious Louis Philippe now discovered a certain half-idiotic cousin of Isabella of Spain, deficient in every power both of body and mind [Francisco de Asis (1822-1902)]; and in a secret and underhand manner he celebrated the wedding of this miserable being with the queen; and immediately afterwards that of his son with the handsome, blooming, and wealthy Luisa Fernanda, who, in addition to her present possessions, which were very large, carried to her husband the succession to the Spanish crown, in the absolute impossibility of any issue from her sister's unhappy marriage [1846]. Hard feeling and political opposition were roused by this degrading trickery - and England learned, with a sentiment of regret and compassion, that Guizot, whose talents and character had hitherto commanded her respect, had been deluded by the crowned tempter at his ear to defend his conduct on the quibble that the marriages were not celebrated at the same time - some little interval having occurred between them - and that this was all he had promised. Suspicion and jealousy took the place of the former cordial relations. Losing the fervent friendship of the only constitutional neighbour on whom it could rely, France, like a beggar with its bonnet in its hand, waited at the gates of Austria and Russia, and begged the moral support of the most despotic of the powers. The moral support of Austria and Russia there was but one way to gain, and that was by an abnegation of all the principles represented by the accession of Louis Pnilippe, and an active co-operation in their policy of repression.» (id., p.78)

« At this time the Swiss broke out into violent efforts to obtain a reform. Austria quelled the Swiss aspirations with the strong hand, and took up a menacing attitude towards the benevolent pontiff, Pius IX. France was quiescent; and the opposition rose into invectives, which were repeated in harsher language out of doors. The stout shopkeeper who now occupied the throne of Henry IV thought that all the requirements of a government were fulfilled if it maintained peace with the neighbouring states. Trade he thought might flourish though honour and glory were trampled under foot. He accordingly neglected, or failed to understand, the disaffection of the middle class, whose pecuniary interests he was supposed to represent, but whose higher aspirations he had insulted by his truckling attempts to win the sympathy of the old aristocracy and the foreign despots. Statesmen like Thiers and Odilon Barrot, when the scales of office fell from their eyes and the blandishments of the sovereign were withdrawn, perceived that the parliamentary government of the charter had become a mockery, and that power had got more firmly consolidated in royal hands under these deceptive forms than in the time of the legitimate kings. A cry therefore suddenly rose from all quarters, except the benches of the ministry, for electoral and parliamentary reform; and there was also heard the uniformly recurring exclamation, premonitory of all serious disturbance, for a diminution of the taxes. The cries were founded on justice, and urged in a constitutional manner. Corruption had entered into all the elections; parliamentary purity had become a byword under the skilful manipulation of the purse-bearing king; and the expenses of the country far exceeded its income, owing to the extravagant building of forts and palaces, with which, in the years of his prosperity, he had endeavoured to amuse the people.» (id., p.78-79)

The quatrain IX-7 (§612) has said: [Il] ne pourra prouvé, si mieux doibt estre roy Breton ou Normand (he shall not be able to judge, which should be better, to be a king of France favorable to England, or one confronted with her). This uncertainty of Louis-Philip is also evident in his forced policy of Spanish marriages, where it was evident that such a marriage of the duke d'Aumale with the queen of Spain would at once dissolve the entente cordiale with Great Britain, on which the stability of his throne so much depended.
© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2011. All rights reserved.


Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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