§ 642. Count Cavour allied with Napoleon III

19th century:
§642. Count Cavour allied with Napoleon III (1855-1860): VII-20.

Ambassadors of the Tuscan tongue,
In April & May the Alps & the sea to pass:
That of calf shall expose his harangue,
Going ahead not to efface the Gallic life.

(Ambassadeurs de la Tosquane langue,
Avril & May Alpes & mer passer:
Celuy de veau expousera l’harangue,
Vie Gauloise ne venant effacer.)

Keys to the reading:
That of calf: That of Turin (Torino), Taurasia (Torino) connoting Taurus (bœuf, ox) according to a popular etymology, therefore «veau, calf» (cf. Vignois, 1910, p.242), although the true etymology of Tauros is mont (mount), colline (hill) (Brunot & Bruneau). That of Turin signifies Count Cavour (1810-1861), the prime minister (1852-1860) of the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, whose capital was Turin. The expression «veau, calf» signifies the kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia as a prefiguration of Unified Italy;

Vie Gauloise ne venant effacer: The construction as follows: [France] venant n'effacer vie Gauloise ([France] going ahead not to efface the Gallic life).

Ambassadors of the Tuscan tongue: « The dream of unifying Italy, which also Cavour was pursuing openly, was not to be realized, he understood well, by his country alone. It needed international aids, which he obtained from France. He knew well Napoleon III’s affection for Italy and his desire to play an important role on the international theatre. Cavour worked sagaciously to afford a chance to Napoleon III for this sake. He supported, in 1855, Napoleon III who had waged war against Russia in order to pledge for France, and sent twenty-one thousand Piedmontese to the Crimean front. In exchange for it he expected to get French support in order to occupy Austrian territories in Italy. Cavour augmented the number of ambassadors to be dispatched to Napoleon III, who became less reluctant to be troubled with the difficult problems between Austria and Italy. On July 28th, 1858, he met Napoleon III at Plombières in Vosges.» (Trémolières III, p.178).

«Gavour was advancing to his goal with an unheard-of persistency, preparing fleets, armies, finances, alliances, lancing against Austria the collection of the letters of Joseph de Maistre, in which the empire of the Habsburgs is treated as the enemy of the human race, making every effort to conciliate France, even to obtaining the vote, after the Orsini crime, of a disgraceful law against refugees. In July, 1858, he had that famous interview with Napoleon III at Plombières in which war was decided on, and on the 1st of January, 1859, at a New Year's reception, the emperor said to Baron von Hübner, the ambassador of Austria: "I regret that our relations with your government are not so good as they were. I beg you to tell the emperor that my personal sentiments for him are unchanged.''» (HH, XV, p.15)

« That war between Sardinia and Austria was merely a question of time became apparent to everyone toward the end of the fifties. Fortunately for Sardinia, Austria's position was an isolated one owing to the enmity which her attitude during the Crimean War had won for her from Russia, and her inborn jealousy and distrust of Prussia. It was not long before Russian men-of-war were to be seen in the Mediterranean, and Napoleon's efforts on behalf of France were no less successful. The cautious emperor Napoleon might not have been so ready to champion the weaker side had it not been for the attempt on his life made by Orsini. The emperor had once held close relations with the Italian patriots, had even been a member of an Italian secret society, and now, regarded by his former associates as a traitor to their cause, he was condemned by them to death. In February a letter written by Orsini was made public in which he adjured the emperor to restore to Italy the independence; to free it forever from the Austrian yoke. “ Without Italian independence, ” the letter closed, “ the peace of Europe, even your majesty's own safety is but an empty dream. Free my unhappy fatherland and the blessings of twenty-five million people will follow you into the next world. ” On the 13th of March Orsini and Fieri perished on the scaffold, the two remaining accomplices having been deported to America. The courage with which Orsini met death, and the love of country he manifested up to his last breath aroused universal sympathy. What Orsini living had failed to bring about, he accomplished dead. While the murderous attempt was made the pretext for robbing France of all freedom by means of the security law of the 28th of January, Napoleon in conjunction with Cavour — who with artful smoothness calmed his imperial associate's anger toward Italy, the hotbed of conspiracies — proceeded to carry out the wishes of Orsini. Several weeks later Cavour held a secret conference with Napoleon at which plans regarding Italy were perfected. “ Italy to be free as far as Adria; the whole of upper Italy to be united in a kingdom, France to be enlarged by the annexation of Savoy,” these were the terms agreed upon in the interview. It was further proposed that the bond between the two reigning houses should be made still firmer by the betrothal of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte with Clotilde, the daughter of Victor Emmanuel.» (HH, IX, p.603)

In April & May the Alps & the sea to pass: « In 1859 war was brought close in sight by Victor Emmanuel’s announcement at the opening of the chamber of deputies in Turin that Sardinia could no longer remain insensible to the cries for help that were arising on all sides. Austria proceeded at once to strengthen her army, to place the whole of Lombardy under martial law, and by every means possible sought to secure her power and possessions in Italy. Austria was severely blamed by the neutral powers for beginning hostilities, and it seemed as though with the death of Field Marshal Radetzky Austria's military star had set forever. To Franz Gyulay, a member of the Hungarian nobility who had filled many offices but had in none of them given proofs of marked ability, fell the command. By shameful inactivity the Austrians allowed the Sardinians time to concentrate their 80,000 men around the fortress of Alessandria, where they were joined in May by several divisions of French troops, Garibaldi, meanwhile, with his “ Alpine hunters ” guarding the foot of the mountain whence he could harass the right wing of the Austrians and support the operations of the main army. The popularity of his name drew volunteers in flocks, and his appearance in the northern lake-region aroused the wildest enthusiasm among the people. About the middle of May Napoleon himself arrived in Italy; although he left the actual lead to experienced generals, he took his place at the head of the troops.» (HH, IX, p.603-604).

« Napoleon's New Year's greeting was immediately appreciated at its right value by the military party in Vienna, whilst the Austrian diplomacy remained on the wrong track till almost the last moment.On the 20th of April Cavour received news through Naples that the ultimatum dated the 19th, which was to give him breathing time, was on its way from Vienna. On the 23d Baron Kellersperz handed it in at Turin; it contained the peremptory interpellation: “ Will Piedmont, within the space of three days, promise to place its army on the footing of peace and dismiss the volunteer corps? — yes or no.” With this declaration of war, Austria had burned her boats; it now remained only to let the action follow the threat, as thunder follows lightning. The Piedmontese army should have been scattered, before a Frenchman put his foot on Italian soil; the French corps could then have been annihilated as they landed in troops or came down through the mountain passes. Instead of this, Gyulai let three days beyond the term assigned to Piedmont elapse before, on the 29th of April, he crossed the Ticino. Meanwhile the first French soldiers came into Turin [by land] and Genoa [by sea] (cf. Duby, p.169), but only in quite small divisions.» (HH, XV, p.15-17)

That of calf shall expose his harangue: « At the sitting of the Congress at Paris, on the 8th of April, Walewski, the French minister of foreign affairs, suddenly called attention to the situation of the States of the Church and of the kingdom of Naples, and to the dangers attendant on the occupation of a great part of Italy by the Austrian armies. The plenipotentiaries of Austria, Buol-Schauenstein and Hübner, declared that they had no answer to make on these subjects, which were foreign to the congress. Cavour asked to be heard, and drew a very striking picture of the occupation of the Roman states by Austria, an occupation which had endured for the last seven years. “ The presence of the Austrian troops in the legations and in the duchy of Parma, ” he added, “ destroys the political equilibrium in Italy and constitutes a veritable danger for Sardinia. It is our duty to point out to Europe the existence of a state of things so abnormal as that which results in the indefinite occupation by Austria of a great part of Italy.”' Baron von Hübner made a vehement reply. The Russian plenipotentiary, Count Orloff, could but rejoice to see ungrateful Austria called to account in her turn. This was only an exchange of ideas, but the Italian question had been brought forward and Cavour could write to one of his friends, “ In three years we shall have war.” We may pass rapidly over the years 1857 and 1858, which saw the organisation of the Danubian principalities into an administrcitive union, the signing of the convention for the free navigation of the Danube, and the death of old Radetzky, who was replaced by the archduke Maximilian (January 5th, 1858). These two years were, properly speaking, a preparation for the war of Italy, a diplomatic struggle with Piedmont preceding the armed struggle. Europe felt a presentiment of it. After the Crimean War, France had approached sensibly nearer to Russia, who was herself drawing Prussia into her orbit, and in all the conferences of these two years we constantly see Russia, France, and Prussia voting against Austria and England. The Stuttgart interview between Napoleon III and Alexander II in 1857 still further accentuated this situation.» (HH, XV, p.14-15)

Going ahead not to efface the Gallic life: « Napoleon III said, on May 2nd, 1859, when he started for Italy, “ France has not abdicated her role of civilizer: her natural allies have been always those that want the amelioration of the humanity... We are going to this classic land, illustrated with so many victories, to rediscover there the traces of our fathers. May God permit us to be worthy of them ! ”.» (Vignois, id., p.242). «A French army reappeared on that soil where three centuries before the arms of France had left so many glorious traces.» (HH, XIII, p.136)

Though Vignois (1910, p.242) first pointed out the theme of this quatrain, his reading of the verses is not always convincing. He translated the verses 1-2 as follows: «An ambassador of the Italian tongue shall pass beyond the Alps and the sea during the months of April and May.» He identified “an ambassador” as Count Cavour, but the text of Nostradamus puts it in the plural: Ambassadors. And he said that Cavour went to the congress of Paris during April and May, 1856. What inexactitude ! The congress of Paris in 1856 lasted only in February, March and April (cf. Seignobos, 1921b, p.320-323). The month of May of the year disinterested itself from the congress. And how did he pass “the sea” in traveling to Paris via the Alps ?

It seems that the only possible subject of the verb “to pass” is “ambassadors”, but it is only an appearance ! Nostradamus knows how to use verbs to express certain events without any explicit grammatical subject. He plays “hide-and-seek” with his readers as to some of his prophetic quatrains. In the context of this quatrain, it is French army that shall pass the Alps and the sea in April and May, 1859, though in April the event is only in preparation. In the same manner, the most natural and logical subject of the verb “going ahead” “France or French army” is eluded in the verse 4.

© Koji Nihei Daijyo, 2012. All rights reserved.


Koji Nihei Daijyo

Author:Koji Nihei Daijyo
We have covered 143 quatrains (§588-§730) concerning the World Events in the 19th century after Napoleonic ages [1821-1900] in the Prophecies of Nostradamus, and 218 in the 20th [1901-2000] (§731-§948).

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